CN106386427A - Method for cultivating dendrobium officinale on water surface - Google Patents

Method for cultivating dendrobium officinale on water surface Download PDF

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Publication number
CN106386427A
CN106386427A CN201610760148.4A CN201610760148A CN106386427A CN 106386427 A CN106386427 A CN 106386427A CN 201610760148 A CN201610760148 A CN 201610760148A CN 106386427 A CN106386427 A CN 106386427A
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China
Prior art keywords
raft
water
herba dendrobii
cultivation
wood flour
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CN201610760148.4A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
黄茜菲
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LIUZHOU HONGJI AGRICULTURAL TECHNOLOGY Co Ltd
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LIUZHOU HONGJI AGRICULTURAL TECHNOLOGY Co Ltd
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Priority to CN201610760148.4A priority Critical patent/CN106386427A/en
Publication of CN106386427A publication Critical patent/CN106386427A/en
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G31/00Soilless cultivation, e.g. hydroponics

Abstract

The invention is applicable to the technical field of plant cultivation, and provides a method for cultivating dendrobium officinale on water surface. The method comprises the steps of selecting land, taking material for planting frames, constructing the cultivation frame, building a planting area, preparing a cultivation substrate, planting the dendrobium officinale, performing disease and pest control, and performing harvesting. Disease and pest damage can be isolated through water surface planting, pesticide is not required to be sprayed, so that the labor cost of an enterprise is reduced, and the effects of pollution-free and original-like ecology are achieved.

Description

A kind of method of water-surface cultivation Herba Dendrobii
Technical field
The invention belongs to technical field of plant culture, more particularly, to a kind of method of water-surface cultivation Herba Dendrobii.
Background technology
Herba Dendrobii is traditional rare Chinese medicine, is considered as the treasure of YIN nourishing tonification since ancient times.Before more than 1400 years 's《Sheng Nong's herbal classic》Before more than 400 year《Compendium of Materia Medica》The effects such as Deng, in ancient books, just having Herba Dendrobii to have Yin-nourishing and body fluid promoting Record.Also confirm that Herba Dendrobii contains alkaloid and the methine stones such as dendrobine, Herba Dendrobii time alkali using modern medical means The compositions such as dry measure used in former times element, Herba Dendrobii quinone, volatile oil and polysaccharide.Herba Dendrobii is mainly distributed on the dark and damp woods in mountain valley half of height above sea level 600-2500m Middle tree is upper or border rock on it is desirable to ecological environment more special, and Herba Dendrobii fruit-setting rate is low, and seed is difficult to germinate, Natural propagation rate is extremely low;Again because forest wrecks, living environment deteriorates, and adds the long-term excavation of people, dendrobium officinale Resource is more and more rare, and introduces a collection has faced exhaustion, is in endangered condition.?《Chinese Plants Red Data Book》(Go out within 1991 Version)In be listed in endangered species.The artificial culture of therefore development Herba Dendrobii becomes protection and the certainty using Herba Dendrobii resource Road.
Herba Dendrobii, also known as Herba hedyotis costatae, is the perennial herbaceous plant Herba Dendrobii of growing nonparasitically upon another plant of orchid family Dendrobium The stem of Dendrobiumofficinale Kimura et Migo, gains the name because epidermis is in ferrum green, is a kind of precious open country Raw medicinal plants.It is born in height above sea level and reach on the dark and damp rock in 1600 meters of mountain region half, the ring of happiness warm and moist weather and half cloudy half light Border, can not resist cold.Generally individually it is resistant to -5 DEG C of low temperature.Herba Dendrobii can be divided into tens of kinds of Dendrobium denneanum Kerr., Dendrobium nobile Lindl, horsewhip etc., and Herba Dendrobii is stone The superfine product of dry measure used in former times.Herba Dendrobii has the medical value of uniqueness, is used as medicine with its stem,《Chinese Pharmacopoeia》Record Herba Dendrobii and there is stomach reinforcing life The effect of Tianjin, nourishing YIN and clearing away heat.Classical in the Tang Dynasty medical science《Taoist Scriptures》In, Herba Dendrobii is listed in " first of Chinese nine big Herba mesonae chinensis ", from Since Tang and Song Dynasty, it has been listed in royal tribute always.
Herba Dendrobii, is the perennial herbaceous plant that grows nonparasitically upon another plant of orchid family.It is born in height above sea level and reach the dark and damp rock in 1600 meters of mountain region half On, the environment of happiness warm and moist weather and half cloudy half light, can not resist cold.Generally individually it is resistant to -5 DEG C of low temperature.Herba Dendrobii can be divided into Huang Tens of kinds of grass, Dendrobium nobile Lindl, horsewhip etc., Herba Dendrobii is the superfine product of Herba Dendrobii, and it is gained the name because epidermis is in ferrum green.Herba Dendrobii has Unique medical value, Qin Han dynasty《Sheng Nong's herbal classic》Record Herba Dendrobii " main damaging the spleen and stomach, eliminating impediment, the therapeutic method to keep the adverse QI flowing downwards, tonifying five ZANG-organses asthenia Weakness and emaciation, reinforcing YIN-essence, long term usage thickness the intestines and stomach ";Become Taoist school's medical science before more than 1,000 years for the book classical《Taoist Scriptures》Herba Dendrobii is classified as " China First of nine big Herba mesonae chinensis ";Li Shizhen (1518-1593 A.D.) exists《Compendium of Materia Medica》" reinforcing YIN-essence benefit essence, thick the intestines and stomach, in benefit never enough, put down middle evaluation Herba Dendrobii Gastric qi, long muscle, Fructus Alpiniae Oxyphyllae removes frightened, macrobiosis of making light of one's life by commiting suicide ";The stem being called " help Herba mesonae chinensis " modern Herba Dendrobii among the people being capable of heat clearing away Promote the production of body fluid, anti-inflammatory analgetic, clear and rich throat, there is good curative effect to treatment hoarse voice.Growth of Dendrobium candidum is in the moon of overhanging cliff Place, ancients' normal suspension cable precipice or archery collection.Herba Dendrobii is subject to the anima in the world throughout the year, inhales the elite of life, as health preserving pole Product, are favored by imperial palace noble since ancient times deeply.But because its growth conditions is very harsh, natural production is extremely rare, more because Among the people excessively excavate for a long time, cause wild resource endangered.In the international market, Herba Dendrobii is processed to one kind and cries " dragon The Chinese medicine of head phoenix tail ", 3000 dollars about of every kilogram of price, is the grass of most expensive in the world, therefore develops the people of Herba Dendrobii Work cultivation has high market value.Existing Herba Dendrobii plantation adopts underwood planting, greenhouse gardening etc. substantially at present, its Defect is that sylvan life soil pests are in the majority, and Herba Dendrobii is planted under the woods and easily grows disease pest, and workman needs to spray agriculture on time Medicine, makes enterprise increase labour cost, and affects the quality of Herba Dendrobii.
Content of the invention
It is an object of the invention to provide a kind of method of water-surface cultivation Herba Dendrobii is asked it is intended to solve above-mentioned technology Topic.
The present invention is achieved in that a kind of method of water-surface cultivation Herba Dendrobii, the method comprising the steps of:
A, selection of land:Select the fresh water reservoir area lake surface that height above sea level 300 ~ 600m periphery vegetation is in great numbers, water quality is good;
B, cultivating stand are drawn materials:Choose the pinaster of diameter 25 ~ 35cm;
C, structure cultivating stand:Pinaster is switched to tree root along treetop, cuts the bore of 8 ~ 10cm width, and inside is drawn Sky, emptying depth is 8 ~ 10cm, makes trough, some troughs is bundled and makes raft, described raft sets There is sunshade net;Described raft tail end connects a towline, and the towline other end connects the big tree on bank;Described raft bottom is provided with anchor Rope, anchor line connects water-bed anchor;
D, structure growing area:Described growing area is made up of several rafts, and each raft long side stage casing is provided with a cord, cord The other end connects the raft in next door, and outermost two cords connect bank trees;
E, the preparation of cultivation matrix:Select pine bark as cultivation matrix, pulverize, go the removal of impurity, be sieved into fat tree scytoblastema matter With thin bark substrate, cultivation matrix is placed in liquid medicine and soaks 10-20 days, pulls out and dries in the air to half-dried, bottom paving fat tree scytoblastema matter, on Face spreads thin bark substrate, rinses seedbed 5~8 days with clear water;
F, Herba Dendrobii plantation:It is sprinkled into quantitative culture medium in each trough of raft, Herba Dendrobii is planted in blowing Cultivation in groove;
G, the prevention and control of plant diseases, pest control:Limax is prevented and treated using Wo An and Mei Ta;Filled using 600-1200 times of liquid of imidacloprid and apply preventing and treating;
H, harvesting:Be limited in Herba Dendrobii year 1.5 years -2.5 years be harvested, collecting time be the Beginning of Winter after to before the Summer Solstice, when When leaf comes off soon, cut old branch, leave sprouting continued growth.
The further technical scheme of the present invention is:The composition of described culture medium and ratio are:Cortex Pini is pulverized and wood flour Stirring mixing, according to the ratio of sheep stool 1 Cortex Pini wood flour 3, Cortex Pini wood flour is poured into the sheep stool water after dilution 80% ~ 90% Cortex Pini wood flour is taken out after 1 month and spontaneously dries by middle immersion 1 month.
The further technical scheme of the present invention is:The distance apart from bank for the described raft is 7m, and the length of towline is 8m; Described anchor line length 6 ~ 10m longer than the height of water level.
The invention has the beneficial effects as follows:Disease pest harm being isolated by water surface planting, need not spraying insecticide, thus reducing Enterprise's labour cost, reaches nuisanceless, simulated primitive ecology effect;Herba Dendrobii is planted in the water surface and can utilize lake surface morning shape The barber becoming carries out natural moisture preserving, humidification to Herba Dendrobii, and because the lake surface temperature difference rises and falls less, can play constant temperature relatively Effect, makes plantation Herba Dendrobii out be more nearly ecosystem, has both improved the content of the internal polysaccharide of Herba Dendrobii and food alkali, It is also prevented from bad root phenomenon;Using pinaster as raw material, because Masson Pine has very high corrosion resistance, by increasing capacitance it is possible to increase raft Service life;Form a growing area by connecting several rafts, and each raft bottom bolt has anchor line, by increasing capacitance it is possible to increase wood Raft, in the stability of the water surface, is prevented from raft and is thrown because stormy waves impacts.
Specific embodiment
The method of the water-surface cultivation Herba Dendrobii that the present invention provides, details are as follows for it:
Step A, selection of land:Select the fresh water reservoir area lake surface that height above sea level 300 ~ 600m periphery vegetation is in great numbers, water quality is good.
Step B, cultivating stand is drawn materials:Choose the pinaster of diameter 25 ~ 35cm.
Step C, builds cultivating stand:Pinaster is switched to tree root along treetop, cuts the bore of 8 ~ 10cm width, and And inside empties, emptying depth is 8 ~ 10cm, makes trough, some troughs is bundled and makes raft, described Raft is provided with sunshade net;Described raft tail end connects a towline, and the towline other end connects the big tree on bank;Described raft bottom Portion is provided with anchor line, and anchor line connects water-bed anchor.
Step D, builds growing area:Described growing area is made up of several rafts, and each raft long side stage casing is provided with one Cord, the cord other end connects the raft in next door, and outermost two cords connect bank trees.
Step E, the preparation of cultivation matrix:Select pine bark as cultivation matrix, pulverize, go the removal of impurity, be sieved into thick Bark substrate and thin bark substrate, cultivation matrix is placed in liquid medicine and soaks 10-20 days, pulls out and dries in the air to half-dried, bottom paving fat tree skin Substrate, spreads thin bark substrate above, rinses seedbed 5~8 days with clear water.
Step F, Herba Dendrobii is planted:It is sprinkled into quantitative culture medium in each trough of raft, by Herba Dendrobii kind It is implanted in cultivation in trough.
Step G, the prevention and control of plant diseases, pest control:Limax is prevented and treated using Wo An and Mei Ta;Applied anti-using 600-1200 times of liquid filling of imidacloprid Control.
Step H, harvesting:Be limited in Herba Dendrobii year 1.5 years -2.5 years be harvested, collecting time be the Beginning of Winter after to the Summer Solstice Before, when leaf comes off soon, cut old branch, leave sprouting continued growth.
The composition of described culture medium and ratio are:Cortex Pini is pulverized and mixes with wood flour stirring, according to sheep stool 1 Cortex Pini The ratio of wood flour 3, Cortex Pini wood flour is poured in the sheep stool water after dilution 80% ~ 90% and soaks 1 month, by pine after 1 month Bark wood flour takes out and spontaneously dries.
The distance apart from bank for the described raft is 7m, and the length of towline is 8m;Described anchor line length is longer than the height of water level 6~10m.
The foregoing is only presently preferred embodiments of the present invention, not in order to limit the present invention, all essences in the present invention Any modification, equivalent and improvement made within god and principle etc., should be included within the scope of the present invention.

Claims (3)

1. a kind of method of water-surface cultivation Herba Dendrobii is it is characterised in that the method comprising the steps of:
A, selection of land:Select the fresh water reservoir area lake surface that height above sea level 300 ~ 600m periphery vegetation is in great numbers, water quality is good;
B, cultivating stand are drawn materials:Choose the pinaster of diameter 25 ~ 35cm;
C, structure cultivating stand:Pinaster is switched to tree root along treetop, cuts the bore of 8 ~ 10cm width, and inside is drawn Sky, emptying depth is 8 ~ 10cm, makes trough, some troughs is bundled and makes raft, described raft sets There is sunshade net;Described raft tail end connects a towline, and the towline other end connects the big tree on bank;Described raft bottom is provided with anchor Rope, anchor line connects water-bed anchor;
D, structure growing area:Described growing area is made up of several rafts, and each raft long side stage casing is provided with a cord, cord The other end connects the raft in next door, and outermost two cords connect bank trees;
E, the preparation of cultivation matrix:Select pine bark as cultivation matrix, pulverize, go the removal of impurity, be sieved into fat tree scytoblastema matter With thin bark substrate, cultivation matrix is placed in liquid medicine and soaks 10-20 days, pulls out and dries in the air to half-dried, bottom paving fat tree scytoblastema matter, on Face spreads thin bark substrate, rinses seedbed 5~8 days with clear water;
F, Herba Dendrobii plantation:It is sprinkled into quantitative culture medium in each trough of raft, Herba Dendrobii is planted in blowing Cultivation in groove;
G、:The prevention and control of plant diseases, pest control:Limax is prevented and treated using Wo An and Mei Ta;Filled using 600-1200 times of liquid of imidacloprid and apply preventing and treating;
H, harvesting:Be limited in Herba Dendrobii year 1.5 years -2.5 years be harvested, collecting time be the Beginning of Winter after to before the Summer Solstice, when When leaf comes off soon, cut old branch, leave sprouting continued growth.
2. method according to claim 1 is it is characterised in that the composition of described culture medium and ratio are:Cortex Pini is ground Broken stirring with wood flour is mixed, and according to the ratio of sheep stool 1 Cortex Pini wood flour 3, Cortex Pini wood flour is poured into after dilution 80% ~ 90% Sheep stool water in soak 1 month, after 1 month by Cortex Pini wood flour take out spontaneously dry.
3. method according to claim 1 it is characterised in that the distance apart from bank for the described raft be 7m, the length of towline Spend for 8m;Described anchor line length 6 ~ 10m longer than the height of water level.
CN201610760148.4A 2016-08-30 2016-08-30 Method for cultivating dendrobium officinale on water surface Pending CN106386427A (en)

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
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Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102613056A (en) * 2012-04-18 2012-08-01 浙江农林大学 Original ecological culture method of dendrobium candidum
CN103918536A (en) * 2014-04-30 2014-07-16 成都润惠农业开发有限公司 Planting method for Dendrobium officinale
CN104855255A (en) * 2014-02-21 2015-08-26 宁德市天星农业开发有限公司 Method for planting Dendrobium officinale on water surface
CN105850690A (en) * 2016-06-27 2016-08-17 广西农业职业技术学院 Dendrobium officinale culture medium

Patent Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102613056A (en) * 2012-04-18 2012-08-01 浙江农林大学 Original ecological culture method of dendrobium candidum
CN104855255A (en) * 2014-02-21 2015-08-26 宁德市天星农业开发有限公司 Method for planting Dendrobium officinale on water surface
CN103918536A (en) * 2014-04-30 2014-07-16 成都润惠农业开发有限公司 Planting method for Dendrobium officinale
CN105850690A (en) * 2016-06-27 2016-08-17 广西农业职业技术学院 Dendrobium officinale culture medium

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Application publication date: 20170215