CN106386331A - Method for cultivating Acer rubrum - Google Patents

Method for cultivating Acer rubrum Download PDF

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Publication number
CN106386331A
CN106386331A CN201610774007.8A CN201610774007A CN106386331A CN 106386331 A CN106386331 A CN 106386331A CN 201610774007 A CN201610774007 A CN 201610774007A CN 106386331 A CN106386331 A CN 106386331A
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soil
seedling
root
plantation
days
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Inventor
李蕾
李海燕
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YIBIN YUNCHEN ARBOR GARDEN CO Ltd
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YIBIN YUNCHEN ARBOR GARDEN CO Ltd
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Priority to CN201610774007.8A priority Critical patent/CN106386331A/en
Publication of CN106386331A publication Critical patent/CN106386331A/en
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G17/00Cultivation of hops, vines, fruit trees, or like trees
    • A01G17/005Cultivation methods

Abstract

The invention relates to the field of plant cultivation and specifically relates to a method for cultivating Acer rubrum which is characterized by comprising following steps: 1) land selecting and preparing: neutral or alkalescent soil is selected as cultivating land, soil intertillage is performed, the depth is between 20 to 35 cm, crushed stones in soil are removed, soybean is planted in the first year, soybean stems are burnt into straw ash after the soybean is harvested, then the straw ash is spread on the cultivation land and then soil intertillage is performed, the depth is between 25 to 35 cm, sufficiently watering is performed; in the late first month of the lunar year or the early February of the next year, deep plowing soil is performed, the depth is between 60 to 70 cm, 1000 to 1500 kg farmyard manure is applied per mu, fine harrowing and leveling are performed, pesticide is applied, and pesticide is applied again 15 days before transplanting. The cultivating method can substantially increase the survival rate and rooting germinating rate of the Acer rubrum after transplanting; the disease and insect resistance capability is increased; after the leaf priming treatment at the early stage, the Acer rubrum trunks are straight, the lateral branches are uniformly distributed, the Acer rubrum has good integral symmetry and is orderly.

Description

A kind of cultural method of American red-maple
Technical field
The present invention relates to plant transplantation technical field is and in particular to a kind of cultural method of American red-maple.
Background technology
American red-maple(Acerrubrum), Aceraceae Acer L, also referred to as red maple, megaphanerophyte of falling leaves.Growth is very fast, grows up 12~18 meters of the height of tree, 12 meters of hat width, adapt to the soil types growth of multiple scopes.Spring blooms, premium color, because of its autumn color Color brilliant, tree crown is clean and tidy, is widely used in park, planting in cell, street, not only with Landscape but also can do shade tree, Very popular, it is one of China introduces in recent years beautification, the preferable rare tree species in green planted city gardens.American red-maple Belong to introduced variety, price is relatively high, due to its excellent characteristic, be widely used in greening over the past two years, but It is domestic weather conditions and Cultivate administration technology has but been short of, the survival rate ratio after causing to transplant plantation is relatively low, pest and disease damage Cannot control well, and the speed of growth does not reach expected effect, cause great economic loss, therefore, improve The survival rate of red maple has positive meaning to realizing higher value.
Content of the invention
It is an object of the invention to provide a kind of cultural method of American red-maple, the method is according to red maple growth characteristic, rush Make red maple Rapid Rooting, improve survival rate and finished product high-class product quantity, shorten growth cycle, reduce maintaining production cost.
The present invention is achieved through the following technical solutions:
A kind of cultural method of American red-maple, including following methods step:
1)Selection of land site preparation:Choose neutral or alkalescent soil plantation soil, intertill soil, depth, in 20-35cm, removes soil Medium stone, the first year plants soybean, after soybean harvest, soybean bar is burnt till straw ash, then straw ash is sprinkled upon this plantation soil On, then intertill soil, depth is in 25-35cm, and pours permeable;The last ten-days period first month of the lunar year in the coming year or the beginning of February deep ploughing soil, depth is in 60- 70cm, applies farm manure 1000-1500Kg for every mu, and rake is thin to be flattened, and sprays insecticide, transplants and spray a desinsection again in first 15 days Agent;
2)Selection of seedling is pruned:Choose robust growth, no disease and pests harm, the biennial seedling of well developed root system, seedling trunk diameter is in 3- 8cm, plays before seedling 3-4 days and cuts off seedling side shoot blade and top main bud lateral lobe, retain top main bud two, three leaves, then use in wound Medicinal alcohol is smeared, and with black film parcel, then pricks air-vent again;
3)Lifting:Lifting between late February to late March, loosens the soil and pours nutritive water for 3-5 days in advance, plays before seedling first on trunk Mark North and South direction, during lifting, taken the soil ball of 10-15 times of size of trunk diameter, met sturdy root system, continued to deep-cut until sturdy Till root system end size and other little root systems are more or less the same, other root systems block when taking soil ball, soil ball take after Its surface sprays the D/W of 3-6wt%, waters through soil layer 2-3cm, obtains transplanted seedling;
4)Dig pit:First plantation hole is dug before transplanting, 1.5-2 times of size of digging pit when the size in plantation hole is for lifting;
5)Transplant:Remove the thick soil of 4-8 times of the soil ball top layer seedling trunk diameter size of transplanted seedling, reservation size root in removal process System, transplanted seedling forms little soil ball, first sprays a secondary root water in plantation hole, then is 3- in transplanted seedling root system surface spraying concentration The glucose of 5wt% and MAP mixed aqueous solution, the soil that get rid of seedling soil ball and the vegetation of its quality 0.5-1 times It is deposited in plantation hole bottom centre position after ash mixing, plantation seedling is placed on this accumulation soil, according to the north and south demarcated Direction is placed, righting, ajusts planting the traction of seedling exposed root system, more successively earthing, former according to one layer of one layer of Nutrition Soil The mode of soil, covers one layer of soil and just tamps once, and after earthing finishes, built supports plantation seedling;
6)Plantation:Early soybean is being planted beyond seedling 50cm, it is 15- that early soybean seedling good for nursery is pressed spacing in the rows after transplanting 20cm, line-spacing is planted for 20-25cm;
7)Maintenance management:
1. water and fertilizer management:In front January after transplanting, apply urea, every plant of fertilising 0.05-0.1Kg along north and south axial direction seedling both sides root, spread Pour permeable after applying in time, it is to avoid nutrient volatilizees, interval fertilising in 8-10 days is once;The 2nd month after transplanting starts, along all directions four NPK is applied in direction, every plant of fertilising 0.05-0.1Kg, root fertilizer process 4 days after using 0.15-0.35wt% potassium dihydrogen phosphate The aqueous solution sprays blade face and strengthens leaf, continuously sprays 3-6 time, every minor tick 8-10 days;
2. the prevention and control of plant diseases, pest control:Remove the dead twigs and withered leaves that pest and disease damage causes in time, be separately added into using Rogor, Bravo and hymexazol The pre- disease prevention of 1000-1500 times of liquid of the formation in the garlic aqueous solution, three kinds of medicament cycle alternations use;
3. middle weeding:Periodically weeding, intertills soil, waters after intertilling every time;
4. spray hormone management:Second day morning 5-6 point after spraying potassium dihydrogen phosphate aqueous solution is in foliage-spray rue every time The 500-1000 times of aqueous solution of tongue element, CPPU and methyl α-naphthyl acetate admixing medical solutions, the every plant of amount of spraying can just be dripped for blade face.
Preferably, in step 1, described farm manure is counted by weight, including following components:People's animal manure 15-20 part, cow dung 15-25 part, duck excrement 10-20 part, plant ash 30-50 part.
Preferably, in step 5, described water of taking root be by mass ratio be 1:The heteroauxin of 0.1-0.2 and glucose mixing, Add in the water after soaking to garlic and wicker, form the solution of 300-400mg/L.
Preferably, in step 5, the quality of glucose and MAP in described glucose and MAP mixed aqueous solution Than for 1:1-2.
Preferably, in step 5, described Nutrition Soil according to the mass fraction, including following components:Diatomite 30-40 part, vinasse 10-20 part, mushroom-cultivating soil 15-30 part, plant ash 10-15 part, peat 25-30 part, sandy soil 20-30 part, river sand 4-18 part.
Preferably, in step 7, in described NPK, contained N mass fraction is 5-15%, and P mass fraction is 15- 20%, K mass fraction is 15-20%.
Preferably, in step 7, the molal weight of described brassin, CPPU and methyl α-naphthyl acetate is than for 1:0.5-1:0.2- 0.5.
Beneficial effect of the present invention:
First, the inventive method can make the original root system of red maple continue quickly length length, can accelerate the sprouting of lateral root simultaneously.Absorb and transport Defeated is one of major function of root system of plant, increases various nutrients and the mineral matter that lateral root can preferably absorb in soil, lateral root Increase the transport that slightly can be more convenient various materials, increasing, increasing of root system is slightly one of primary condition that plant health grows.First apply Fertile guarantee plant normal growth, meets the demand to a large amount of nutrients for the hormonal processes that sprays, and accelerating cell division makes plant lateral root system Increase, increase slightly;Ensure during the preventing and treating of pest and disease damage that plant health growth is not affected by other biological.
2nd, choose the soil planting soybean, contain abundant nitrogen in soil, after the initial stage transplants red maple, can more hold Easily absorb, make red maple root system quickly absorb nutrition supply nutrient, promote fast-growth, after later stage transplanting, between side, plant early soybean, Play a part Natural Nitrogen Fixation, reduce the use of artificial chemical fertilizer, not only reduces cost, also environmental protection simultaneously, both growths Complement each other, promote red maple to do and increase slightly, can overstriking 1-3cm after 1 year.
3rd, successively mulching soil, contains diatomite, river sand etc. in Nutrition Soil, makes soil have larger space, be easy to root System's breathing, is easy to absorb moisture, is also prevented from evaporating, diatomite has the characteristic of porous simultaneously, can produce negative oxygen ion, promotes root System absorbs nutriment moreover it is possible to effectively suppress bacterium, the infringement to root system for the disease pest.
4th, by outside the Root Distribution outside soil ball again soil platform, more successively mulching soil, the plantation a part of root system of seedling is former In soil ball, another part gos deep in mulching soil, makes root system progressively be transitioned into plantation ground soil from original soil, forms a gradual change Process, rapidly adapt to new environment, improve adaptability, retain thicker root system, reduce the destruction to root system, make original root system It is more easy to absorb nutrient in new environment, and then promotes root system to increase and increase slightly.During applying fertilizer after red maple is transplanted, first in the South and the North To orientation fertilising, then four corners of the world four direction orientation fertilising again, so can induce root system oriented growth, can quickly make Root system length length and length are thick, in shortest time endoadaptation new environment, so that root system is taken root at short notice in soil.
5th, pass through to further investigate the life habit of red maple, red maple can be significantly improved using the inventive method plantation and transplant Survival rate and the rate that roots, are improved the ability of disease and insect resistance, are used in turn using three kinds of medicaments during the prevention and control of plant diseases, pest control afterwards, Give full play to the different efficacies of three kinds of medicaments, it is to avoid long-time use is developed immunity to drugs, and interval makes it fully vapor away, and subtracts Few medicament residue.After early stage priming leaf is processed, after growing up, red maple dry brush is straight, and side shoot is evenly distributed, and global symmetry is good, not miscellaneous Disorderly.
Specific embodiment
Embodiment 1
A kind of cultural method of American red-maple, including following methods step:
1)Selection of land site preparation:Choose neutral or alkalescent soil plantation soil, intertill soil, depth, in 20cm, removes in soil Rubble, the first year plants soybean, after soybean harvest, soybean bar is burnt till straw ash, then straw ash is sprinkled upon on this plantation soil, Intertill soil again, depth is in 25cm, and pours permeable;The last ten-days period first month of the lunar year in the coming year or the beginning of February deep ploughing soil, depth in 60cm, every mu Apply farm manure 1000Kg, rake is thin to be flattened, and sprays insecticide, transplants and spray an insecticide again in first 15 days, wherein farm manure is 15 parts of people's animal manure of following weight portion, 15 parts of cow dung, 10 parts of duck excrement, 30 parts of plant ash are added 2 parts of acetic acid, after mixing It is placed in anaerobic fermentation 8h at 28 DEG C in closed container to be obtained;
2)Selection of seedling is pruned:Choose robust growth, no disease and pests harm, the biennial seedling of well developed root system, seedling trunk diameter in 3cm, Play before seedling and cut off within 3 days seedling side shoot blade and top main bud lateral lobe, retain top main bud two, three leaves, then in the medical wine of wound Essence is smeared, and with black film parcel, then pricks air-vent again;
3)Lifting:Lifting between late February to late March, loosens the soil and pours nutritive water for 3 days in advance, plays before seedling first in trunk subscript Remember North and South direction, during lifting, taken the soil ball of 10 times of sizes of trunk diameter, met sturdy root system, continued to deep-cut until sturdy root system is last Till end size and other little root systems are more or less the same, other root systems block when taking soil ball, soil ball take after on its surface Spray the D/W of 3wt%, water through soil layer 2cm, obtain transplanted seedling;
4)Dig pit:First plantation hole is dug before transplanting, 1.5 times of size of digging pit when the size in plantation hole is for lifting;
5)Transplant:Remove the thick soil of 4 times of the soil ball top layer seedling trunk diameter size of transplanted seedling, reservation size root in removal process System, transplanted seedling forms little soil ball, first sprays a secondary root water in plantation hole, and water of taking root is to be 1 by mass ratio:0.1 indoles second Acid and glucose mixing, add to mince to garlic and wicker and soak in the water filtering out filter residue after 1h, be configured to the molten of 300mg/L Liquid;Then, then spraying mass ratio on transplanted seedling root system surface is 1:1 glucose and MAP are mixedly configured into concentration and are The aqueous solution of 3wt%, is deposited in plantation hole bottom after the plant ash mixing of the soil that get rid of seedling soil ball and 0.5 times of its quality Portion center, plantation seedling is placed on this accumulation soil, places according to the North and South direction demarcated, righting, will plant seedling Exposed root system traction is ajusted, more successively earthing, according to the mode of one layer of original soil of one layer of Nutrition Soil, just covers one layer of soil Compacting once, after earthing finishes, built support plantation seedling, wherein Nutrition Soil be by include following weight portion 30 parts of diatomite, 10 parts of vinasse, 15 parts of mushroom-cultivating soil, 10 parts of plant ash, 25 parts of peat, 20 parts of sandy soil, 4 parts of river sand, mixed in the stirring that suitably adds water Close and be obtained, it is unsuitable excessive to add water, control moisture content 25%;
6)Plantation:Early soybean is being planted beyond seedling 50cm, it is 15cm that early soybean seedling good for nursery is pressed spacing in the rows, OK after transplanting Plant away from for 20cm;
7)Maintenance management:
1. water and fertilizer management:In front January after transplanting, apply urea along north and south axial direction seedling both sides root, every plant of fertilising 0.05Kg, after spreading fertilizer over the fields Pour permeable in time, it is to avoid nutrient volatilizees, interval fertilising in 8 days is once;The 2nd month after transplanting starts, and applies along all directions four direction NPK, in NPK, contained N element mass fraction is 5%, and P element mass fraction is 15%, K element mass fraction For 15%, every plant of fertilising 0.05Kg, root fertilizer sprays blade face using 0.15wt% potassium dihydrogen phosphate aqueous solution after processing 4 days and strengthens leaf, Continuously spray 3 times, every minor tick 8 days;
2. the prevention and control of plant diseases, pest control:Remove the dead twigs and withered leaves that pest and disease damage causes in time, be separately added into using Rogor, Bravo and hymexazol The pre- disease prevention of 1000 times of liquid of the formation in the garlic aqueous solution, three kinds of medicament cycle alternations use;
3. middle weeding:Periodically weeding, intertills soil, waters after intertilling every time;
4. spray hormone management:Second day 5:00 AM after spraying potassium dihydrogen phosphate aqueous solution is in foliage-spray rape every time Element, 500 times of aqueous solution of CPPU and methyl α-naphthyl acetate admixing medical solutions, the every plant of amount of spraying can just be dripped for blade face, wherein brassin, The molal weight of CPPU and methyl α-naphthyl acetate is than for 1:0.5:0.2.
Embodiment 2
A kind of cultural method of American red-maple, including following methods step:
1)Selection of land site preparation:Choose neutral or alkalescent soil plantation soil, intertill soil, depth, in 28cm, removes in soil Rubble, the first year plants soybean, after soybean harvest, soybean bar is burnt till straw ash, then straw ash is sprinkled upon on this plantation soil, Intertill soil again, depth is in 29cm, and pours permeable;The last ten-days period first month of the lunar year in the coming year or the beginning of February deep ploughing soil, depth in 66cm, every mu Apply farm manure 1300Kg, rake is thin to be flattened, and sprays insecticide, transplants and spray an insecticide again in first 15 days, wherein farm manure is 18 parts of people's animal manure of following weight portion, 19 parts of cow dung, 17 parts of duck excrement, 45 parts of plant ash are added 3 parts of acetic acid, after mixing It is placed in anaerobic fermentation 9h at 32 DEG C in closed container to be obtained;
2)Selection of seedling is pruned:Choose robust growth, no disease and pests harm, the biennial seedling of well developed root system, seedling trunk diameter in 5cm, Play before seedling and cut off within 3 days seedling side shoot blade and top main bud lateral lobe, retain top main bud two, three leaves, then in the medical wine of wound Essence is smeared, and with black film parcel, then pricks air-vent again;
3)Lifting:Lifting between late February to late March, loosens the soil and pours nutritive water for 4 days in advance, plays before seedling first in trunk subscript Remember North and South direction, during lifting, taken the soil ball of 12 times of sizes of trunk diameter, met sturdy root system, continued to deep-cut until sturdy root system is last Till end size and other little root systems are more or less the same, other root systems block when taking soil ball, soil ball take after on its surface Spray the D/W of 5wt%, water through soil layer 2.5cm, obtain transplanted seedling;
4)Dig pit:First plantation hole is dug before transplanting, 1.7 times of size of digging pit when the size in plantation hole is for lifting;
5)Transplant:Remove the thick soil of 6 times of the soil ball top layer seedling trunk diameter size of transplanted seedling, reservation size root in removal process System, transplanted seedling forms little soil ball, first sprays a secondary root water in plantation hole, and water of taking root is to be 1 by mass ratio:0.16 indoles second Acid and glucose mixing, add to mince to garlic and wicker and soak in the water filtering out filter residue after 2h, be configured to the molten of 350mg/L Liquid;Then, then spraying mass ratio on transplanted seedling root system surface is 1:1.3 glucose and MAP are mixedly configured into concentration and are The aqueous solution of 4wt%, is deposited in plantation hole after the plant ash mixing of the soil that get rid of seedling soil ball and its quality 0.5-1 times Bottom centre position, plantation seedling is placed on this accumulation soil, places according to the North and South direction demarcated, righting, will plant The traction of seedling exposed root system is ajusted, more successively earthing, according to the mode of one layer of original soil of one layer of Nutrition Soil, covers one layer of soil Just once, after earthing finishes, built supports plantation seedling, and wherein Nutrition Soil is will to include the diatomite 33 of following weight portion for compacting Part, 21 parts of 17 parts of vinasse, mushroom-cultivating soil, 12 parts of plant ash, 27 parts of peat, 26 parts of sandy soil, 9 parts of river sand, stir suitably adding water Mix and be mixed to prepare, it is unsuitable excessive to add water, control moisture content 32%;
6)Plantation:Early soybean is being planted beyond seedling 50cm, it is 18cm that early soybean seedling good for nursery is pressed spacing in the rows, OK after transplanting Plant away from for 22cm;
7)Maintenance management:
1. water and fertilizer management:In front January after transplanting, apply urea along north and south axial direction seedling both sides root, every plant of fertilising 0.08Kg, after spreading fertilizer over the fields Pour permeable in time, it is to avoid nutrient volatilizees, interval fertilising in 9 days is once;The 2nd month after transplanting starts, and applies along all directions four direction NPK, in NPK, contained N element mass fraction is 11%, and P element mass fraction is 18%, and K element quality is divided Number is 18%, every plant of fertilising 0.08Kg, and root fertilizer sprays blade face using 0.32wt% potassium dihydrogen phosphate aqueous solution after processing 4 days and strengthens Leaf, continuously sprays 3-6 time, every minor tick 8-10 days;
2. the prevention and control of plant diseases, pest control:Remove the dead twigs and withered leaves that pest and disease damage causes in time, be separately added into using Rogor, Bravo and hymexazol The pre- disease prevention of 1200 times of liquid of the formation in the garlic aqueous solution, three kinds of medicament cycle alternations use;
3. middle weeding:Periodically weeding, intertills soil, waters after intertilling every time;
4. spray hormone management:Second day 5:00 AM after spraying potassium dihydrogen phosphate aqueous solution is in foliage-spray rape every time Element, 800 times of aqueous solution of CPPU and methyl α-naphthyl acetate admixing medical solutions, the every plant of amount of spraying can just be dripped for blade face, wherein brassin, The molal weight of CPPU and methyl α-naphthyl acetate is than for 1:0.9:0.4.
Embodiment 3
A kind of cultural method of American red-maple, including following methods step:
1)Selection of land site preparation:Choose neutral or alkalescent soil plantation soil, intertill soil, depth, in 35cm, removes in soil Rubble, the first year plants soybean, after soybean harvest, soybean bar is burnt till straw ash, then straw ash is sprinkled upon on this plantation soil, Intertill soil again, depth is in 35cm, and pours permeable;The last ten-days period first month of the lunar year in the coming year or the beginning of February deep ploughing soil, depth in 70cm, every mu Apply farm manure 1500Kg, rake is thin to be flattened, and sprays insecticide, transplants and spray an insecticide again in first 15 days, wherein farm manure is 20 parts of people's animal manure of following weight portion, 25 parts of cow dung, 20 parts of duck excrement, 50 parts of plant ash are added 4 parts of acetic acid, after mixing It is placed in anaerobic fermentation 10h at 35 DEG C in closed container to be obtained;
2)Selection of seedling is pruned:Choose robust growth, no disease and pests harm, the biennial seedling of well developed root system, seedling trunk diameter is in 3- 8cm, plays before seedling and cuts off within 4 days seedling side shoot blade and top main bud lateral lobe, retain top main bud two, three leaves, then in wound doctor Smeared with alcohol, and with black film parcel, then prick air-vent again;
3)Lifting:Lifting between late February to late March, loosens the soil and pours nutritive water for 5 days in advance, plays before seedling first in trunk subscript Remember North and South direction, during lifting, taken the soil ball of 15 times of sizes of trunk diameter, met sturdy root system, continued to deep-cut until sturdy root system is last Till end size and other little root systems are more or less the same, other root systems block when taking soil ball, soil ball take after on its surface Spray the D/W of 6wt%, water through soil layer 3cm, obtain transplanted seedling;
4)Dig pit:First plantation hole is dug before transplanting, 2 times of size of digging pit when the size in plantation hole is for lifting;
5)Transplant:Remove the thick soil of 8 times of the soil ball top layer seedling trunk diameter size of transplanted seedling, reservation size root in removal process System, transplanted seedling forms little soil ball, first sprays a secondary root water in plantation hole, and water of taking root is to be 1 by mass ratio:0.2 indoles second Acid and glucose mixing, add to mince to garlic and wicker and soak in the water filtering out filter residue after 3h, be configured to the molten of 400mg/L Liquid;Then, then spraying mass ratio on transplanted seedling root system surface is 1:2 glucose and MAP are mixedly configured into concentration and are The aqueous solution of 5wt%, is deposited in plantation hole bottom after the plant ash mixing of the soil that get rid of seedling soil ball and 1 times of its quality Center, plantation seedling is placed on this accumulation soil, places according to the North and South direction demarcated, righting, will plant seedling naked The root system traction exposing outside is ajusted, more successively earthing, according to the mode of one layer of original soil of one layer of Nutrition Soil, covers one layer of soil and just rams In fact once, after earthing finishes, built supports plantation seedling, and wherein Nutrition Soil is by 40 parts of diatomite including following weight portion, wine 20 parts of grain, 30 parts of mushroom-cultivating soil, 15 parts of plant ash, 30 parts of peat, 30 parts of sandy soil, 18 parts of river sand, mixed in the stirring that suitably adds water Close and be obtained, it is unsuitable excessive to add water, control moisture content 40%;
6)Plantation:Early soybean is being planted beyond seedling 50cm, it is 20cm that early soybean seedling good for nursery is pressed spacing in the rows, OK after transplanting Plant away from for 25cm;
7)Maintenance management:
1. water and fertilizer management:In front January after transplanting, apply urea along north and south axial direction seedling both sides root, every plant of fertilising 0.1Kg, after spreading fertilizer over the fields Pour permeable in time, it is to avoid nutrient volatilizees, interval fertilising in 10 days is once;The 2nd month after transplanting starts, and applies along all directions four direction NPK, in NPK, contained N element mass fraction is 15%, and P element mass fraction is 20%, and K element quality is divided Number is 20%, every plant of fertilising 0.1Kg, and root fertilizer sprays blade face using 0.35wt% potassium dihydrogen phosphate aqueous solution after processing 4 days and strengthens leaf, Continuously spray 6 times, every minor tick 10 days;
2. the prevention and control of plant diseases, pest control:Remove the dead twigs and withered leaves that pest and disease damage causes in time, be separately added into using Rogor, Bravo and hymexazol The pre- disease prevention of 1500 times of liquid of the formation in the garlic aqueous solution, three kinds of medicament cycle alternations use;
3. middle weeding:Periodically weeding, intertills soil, waters after intertilling every time;
4. spray hormone management:6 points of second day morning after spraying potassium dihydrogen phosphate aqueous solution is in foliage-spray rape every time 1000 times of aqueous solution of element, CPPU and methyl α-naphthyl acetate admixing medical solutions, the every plant of amount of spraying can just be dripped for blade face, wherein rape Element, the molal weight ratio of CPPU and methyl α-naphthyl acetate are for 1:1:0.5.
Table 1 is the contrast processing and not adopting the inventive method using the inventive method.
Investigation quantity Survival rate Lateral root is grown in 15 days Lateral root is grown in 30 days Lateral root is grown in 60 days Trunk increases slightly within 1 year(mm) Trunk increases slightly within 2 years(mm)
Process 1000 88% 2% 10% 45% 5-8 10-11
Untreated 1000 98% 25% 58% 100% 10-18 20-30
As it can be seen from table 1 the red maple after being processed using the present invention can quickly grow lateral root, lateral root root system increases, increases thick after, aobvious Write the vitality strengthening red maple seedling, promote its fast-growth, can effectively shorten its growth cycle, can quickly put goods on the market.
Obviously the present invention implements and is not subject to the restrictions described above, as long as employing method of the present invention design and skill The improvement of the various unsubstantialities that art scheme is carried out, or the not improved design by the present invention and technical scheme directly apply to it Its occasion, all within protection scope of the present invention.

Claims (7)

1. a kind of cultural method of American red-maple it is characterised in that:Including following methods step:
1)Selection of land site preparation:Choose neutral or alkalescent soil plantation soil, intertill soil, depth, in 20-35cm, removes soil Medium stone, the first year plants soybean, after soybean harvest, soybean bar is burnt till straw ash, then straw ash is sprinkled upon this plantation soil On, then intertill soil, depth is in 25-35cm, and pours permeable;The last ten-days period first month of the lunar year in the coming year or the beginning of February deep ploughing soil, depth is in 60- 70cm, applies farm manure 1000-1500Kg for every mu, and rake is thin to be flattened, and sprays insecticide, transplants and spray a desinsection again in first 15 days Agent;
2)Selection of seedling is pruned:Choose robust growth, no disease and pests harm, the biennial seedling of well developed root system, seedling trunk diameter is in 3- 8cm, plays before seedling 3-4 days and cuts off seedling side shoot blade and top main bud lateral lobe, retain top main bud two, three leaves, then use in wound Medicinal alcohol is smeared, and with black film parcel, then pricks air-vent again;
3)Lifting:Lifting between late February to late March, loosens the soil and pours nutritive water for 3-5 days in advance, plays before seedling first on trunk Mark North and South direction, during lifting, taken the soil ball of 10-15 times of size of trunk diameter, met sturdy root system, continued to deep-cut until sturdy Till root system end size and other little root systems are more or less the same, other root systems block when taking soil ball, soil ball take after Its surface sprays the D/W of 3-6wt%, waters through soil layer 2-3cm, obtains transplanted seedling;
4)Dig pit:First plantation hole is dug before transplanting, 1.5-2 times of size of digging pit when the size in plantation hole is for lifting;
5)Transplant:Remove the thick soil of 4-8 times of the soil ball top layer seedling trunk diameter size of transplanted seedling, reservation size root in removal process System, transplanted seedling forms little soil ball, first sprays a secondary root water in plantation hole, then is 3- in transplanted seedling root system surface spraying concentration The glucose of 5wt% and MAP mixed aqueous solution, the soil that get rid of seedling soil ball and the vegetation of its quality 0.5-1 times It is deposited in plantation hole bottom centre position after ash mixing, plantation seedling is placed on this accumulation soil, according to the north and south demarcated Direction is placed, righting, ajusts planting the traction of seedling exposed root system, more successively earthing, former according to one layer of one layer of Nutrition Soil The mode of soil, covers one layer of soil and just tamps once, and after earthing finishes, built supports plantation seedling;
6)Plantation:Early soybean is being planted beyond seedling 50cm, it is 15- that early soybean seedling good for nursery is pressed spacing in the rows after transplanting 20cm, line-spacing is planted for 20-25cm;
7)Maintenance management:
1. water and fertilizer management:In front January after transplanting, apply urea, every plant of fertilising 0.05-0.1Kg along north and south axial direction seedling both sides root, spread Pour permeable after applying in time, it is to avoid nutrient volatilizees, interval fertilising in 8-10 days is once;The 2nd month after transplanting starts, along all directions four NPK is applied in direction, every plant of fertilising 0.05-0.1Kg, root fertilizer process 4 days after using 0.15-0.35wt% potassium dihydrogen phosphate The aqueous solution sprays blade face and strengthens leaf, continuously sprays 3-6 time, every minor tick 8-10 days;
2. the prevention and control of plant diseases, pest control:Remove the dead twigs and withered leaves that pest and disease damage causes in time, be separately added into using Rogor, Bravo and hymexazol The pre- disease prevention of 1000-1500 times of liquid of the formation in the garlic aqueous solution, three kinds of medicament cycle alternations use;
3. middle weeding:Periodically weeding, intertills soil, waters after intertilling every time;
4. spray hormone management:Second day morning 5-6 point after spraying potassium dihydrogen phosphate aqueous solution is in foliage-spray rue every time The 500-1000 times of aqueous solution of tongue element, CPPU and methyl α-naphthyl acetate admixing medical solutions, the every plant of amount of spraying can just be dripped for blade face.
2. according to claim 1 American red-maple cultural method it is characterised in that:In step 1, described farm manure is by weight Number meter, including following components:People's animal manure 15-20 part, cow dung 15-25 part, duck excrement 10-20 part, plant ash 30-50 part.
3. according to claim 1 American red-maple cultural method it is characterised in that:In step 5, described water of taking root is by matter Amount ratio is 1:The heteroauxin of 0.1-0.2 and glucose mixing, add in the water after soaking to garlic and wicker, form 300- The solution of 400mg/L.
4. according to claim 1 American red-maple cultural method it is characterised in that:In step 5, described glucose and phosphoric acid In one ammonium mixed aqueous solution, the mass ratio of glucose and MAP is 1:1-2.
5. according to claim 1 American red-maple cultural method it is characterised in that:In step 5, described Nutrition Soil presses quality Number meter, including following components:Diatomite 30-40 part, vinasse 10-20 part, mushroom-cultivating soil 15-30 part, plant ash 10-15 Part, peat 25-30 part, sandy soil 20-30 part, river sand 4-18 part.
6. according to claim 1 American red-maple cultural method it is characterised in that:In step 7, in described NPK Contained N mass fraction is 5-15%, and P mass fraction is 15-20%, and K mass fraction is 15-20%.
7. according to claim 1 American red-maple cultural method it is characterised in that:In step 7, described brassin, chlorine pyrrole The molal weight of urea and methyl α-naphthyl acetate is than for 1:0.5-1:0.2-0.5.
CN201610774007.8A 2016-08-31 2016-08-31 Method for cultivating Acer rubrum Pending CN106386331A (en)

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CN107912118A (en) * 2017-12-15 2018-04-17 华北水利水电大学 A kind of garden plants maintenance process and application
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CN108738990A (en) * 2018-05-29 2018-11-06 威信农耕文化产业开发有限公司 A kind of high yield cultivating method of American red-maple
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CN108781969A (en) * 2018-05-30 2018-11-13 上饶市灵晔设计咨询有限公司 A kind of method for cultivating sweet osmanthus trees
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CN106982696A (en) * 2017-03-02 2017-07-28 红河浙华棕榈实业有限公司 A kind of cultural method of palm
CN107079764A (en) * 2017-04-07 2017-08-22 阜南佳利工艺品有限公司 It is a kind of to improve the summer cottage method of purple willow nursery characteristic
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CN107926419A (en) * 2017-11-14 2018-04-20 广西博白县乾福真家庭农场 The cultural method of wild jujube
CN107912118A (en) * 2017-12-15 2018-04-17 华北水利水电大学 A kind of garden plants maintenance process and application
CN108738990A (en) * 2018-05-29 2018-11-06 威信农耕文化产业开发有限公司 A kind of high yield cultivating method of American red-maple
CN108738775A (en) * 2018-05-29 2018-11-06 威信农耕文化产业开发有限公司 A kind of high yield cultivating method of North American begonia
CN108781969A (en) * 2018-05-30 2018-11-13 上饶市灵晔设计咨询有限公司 A kind of method for cultivating sweet osmanthus trees
CN110959450A (en) * 2019-11-27 2020-04-07 凤冈县智旭花椒种植基地 Planting method of pepper

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