CN106386037A - High-yield planting method of onions - Google Patents

High-yield planting method of onions Download PDF

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Publication number
CN106386037A
CN106386037A CN201610737357.7A CN201610737357A CN106386037A CN 106386037 A CN106386037 A CN 106386037A CN 201610737357 A CN201610737357 A CN 201610737357A CN 106386037 A CN106386037 A CN 106386037A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
seedling
bulbus allii
planting
centimetre
allii cepae
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Pending
Application number
CN201610737357.7A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
陈逸舒
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Yongqiao District Of Suzhou City Yang Garden Planting Cooperatives
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Yongqiao District Of Suzhou City Yang Garden Planting Cooperatives
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Priority to CN201610737357.7A priority Critical patent/CN106386037A/en
Publication of CN106386037A publication Critical patent/CN106386037A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Abstract

The invention discloses a high-yield planting method of onions. The high-yield planting method comprises the following steps of sowing, growing, field planting and harvesting. According to the high-yield planting method for onions, the seeding mode is not only beneficial to the healthy growth of onions, the requirements of onions on fertilizers are met, the growth quality of onions is also improved, the yield of onions is increased by field management modes such as growing and field planting during the harvesting period after the onions are sown, pesticides are not used, and the onions are green, environment-friendly and healthy.

Description

A kind of high-yield planting method of Bulbus Allii Cepae
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of growing vegetables technology, and in particular to a kind of high-yield planting method of Bulbus Allii Cepae, belongs to agriculture skill Art field.
Background technology
At present, the variation of the food safety of people's pay attention to day by day dining table and food, the heavy oil of traditional food structure, weight fat Fat, most old man, white collar activity are less, and cardiovascular and cerebrovascular disease attacks majority of populations, and Bulbus Allii Cepae is as daily vegetable, Because it is nutritious, the characteristic such as energy vessel softening, reduction blood fat, deeply favored by masses.And in prior art, in plantation Bulbus Allii Cepae When often run into various fortuitous events, such as often because the seed selection at initial stage and the incorrect choosing in soil in the growth course of Bulbus Allii Cepae Select, lead to the unhealthy growth of Bulbus Allii Cepae so that the growth quality of Bulbus Allii Cepae is poor, growth uneven so that the yield of Bulbus Allii Cepae cannot Improve, far from the demand meeting market.
Content of the invention
A kind of high-yield planting method of Bulbus Allii Cepae, the invention aims to overcoming deficiency of the prior art, is provided.
For solving the above problems, the technical solution used in the present invention is as follows:
A kind of high-yield planting method of Bulbus Allii Cepae, described Bulbus Allii Cepae implantation methods comprise the steps:
First, sow:Selection physical features is higher, irrigation and drainage are convenient, fertile soil is loose, do not planted the neutral soil of Herba Alii fistulosi Bulbus Allii class as field Block, in conjunction with deep ploughing, every mu is applied base manure is 2300-3500 kilogram of the fertilizer becoming thoroughly decomposed, and 10-15 kilogram of calcium superphosphate, by base manure Fully mix uniformly with soil, 15-20 centimetre of tilling depth, intensive cultivation, cultivated land of raking, make wide 2.0-2.2 rice, long 10- 11 meters of furrow, open 10-12 centimetre of spacing field planting ditch, 2-3 centimetre of ditch depth in furrow face, seed sowing are being colonized in ditch, in time Earthing is treaded, and pours permeable immediately, keeps ground moistening;
2nd, grow:It is unearthed 2-3 time to be watered after planting arriving seedling, after seedling grows rough leaf, suitable control is poured Water, pours weekly water twice, and Seedling Stage combines to water and topdressed, and promotes growth of seedling, applies chemical nitrogen fertilizer 12-15 public affairs for every mu Jin, sprays the soil moisture conservation of new high fat film fertilizer conservation, when seedling grows 1-2 piece true leaf, timely weeding, Seedling in the ranks of going forward side by side, keeps spacing 2-4 centimetre;
3rd, it is colonized:When autumn plants, growth selection stalwartness, 10-15 centimetre of height of seedling, thick 0.6-0.8 centimetre of seedling carry out fixed Plant, the line-spacing of field planting is 14-15 centimetre, and spacing in the rows is 12-15 centimetre, and every mu of ten thousand plants of the 3-3.5 that can plant enters after field planting for a period of time Enter seedling-slowing stage, many to the irrigation times of Bulbus Allii Cepae, each irrigation amount will lack, and promotes the rapid root of hair of seedling to survive, the autumn plants Bulbus Allii Cepae seedling Seedling enters Wintering Period after surviving, and will pour water of surviving the winter, 900-1000 kilogram of the fertilizer that every mu of administration is become thoroughly decomposed in good time, return after surviving the winter Enter stem and leaf trophophase when blue or green, combine and pour water of turning green, then apply a dressing of turnning green stage, restraining the growth of seedlings process, when Herba Alii fistulosi rice shoot siphonal lobe is dark green, waxiness Increase, mesophyll is thickening, when lobus cardiacus darkens, that is, terminate restraining the growth of seedlings and start to water, typically poured a water every 7-8 days later, make Soil see dry see that wet, deep soil often keeps moistening, prevent plant excessive growth, harvesting the last week sky will stop watering;
4th, harvest:When Bulbus Allii Cepae blade from bottom to top gradually starts to turn yellow, cauloid deliquescing simultaneously starts down shape, and bulb stops expanding, outward Leather matter, enters the dormant stage, indicates that bulb is ripe, should harvest in time.
As the improvement of technique scheme, described seed soaks 8-12 hour with 20 DEG C -30 DEG C of clear water prior to seeding.
As the improvement of technique scheme, the time entering seedling-slowing stage after described field planting is 20-22 days.
As the improvement of technique scheme, the described restraining the growth of seedlings time is 15-18 days.
Compared with prior art, beneficial effects of the present invention are as follows for the present invention:
The high-yield planting method of Bulbus Allii Cepae of the present invention, seeding method not only helps Bulbus Allii Cepae healthy growth, meets Bulbus Allii Cepae to fertilizer The requirement of material, can also improve the growth quality of Bulbus Allii Cepae, and Bulbus Allii Cepae after planting arrive growth during harvesting, the field management side such as field planting Formula increases the yield of Bulbus Allii Cepae, and does not use pesticide, more green, environmental protection, health.
Specific embodiment
Present disclosure to be described below in conjunction with specific embodiments.
A kind of high-yield planting method of Bulbus Allii Cepae, described Bulbus Allii Cepae implantation methods comprise the steps:
First, sow:Selection physical features is higher, irrigation and drainage are convenient, fertile soil is loose, do not planted the neutral soil of Herba Alii fistulosi Bulbus Allii class as field Block, in conjunction with deep ploughing, every mu is applied base manure is 2300-3500 kilogram of the fertilizer becoming thoroughly decomposed, the decomposed manure of the amount of using sufficient, and meets and makees Various nutrients needed for thing and some bioactive substances, provide sufficient nutrition for crop, increase yield, improve product Matter, improved soil, culture fertility simultaneously, 10-15 kilogram of calcium superphosphate, the particularly significant direct shadow of growth to Bulbus Allii Cepae Seedling Stage for the phosphorus Ring the increase of Bulbus Allii Cepae plant height and the number of sheets, if P acquisition is very few, phosphorus deficiency symptom in Bulbus Allii Cepae, if P acquisition is superfluous, The scale calcium deficiency outside bulb, internal scale potassium deficiency, plateau magnesium deficiency, the physiological disease such as flesh corruption, centre rot and root-rot then can be caused Occur serious, base manure and soil are fully mixed uniformly, 15-20 centimetre of tilling depth, so that compost is fully mixed, short texture, Intensive cultivation, cultivated land of raking, make wide 2.0-2.2 rice, the furrow of long 10-11 rice, to be suitable for subsequent artefacts' operation, furrow face is opened 10-12 centimetre of spacing is colonized ditch, 2-3 centimetre of ditch depth it is ensured that the root longitudinal growth of Bulbus Allii Cepae, beneficial to absorbing fertilizer, be difficult by wind from Scrape disconnected on rhizome disk, additionally, the Bulbus Allii Cepae digging field planting ditch cultivation can also increase yield, seed is prior to seeding with 20 DEG C -30 DEG C Clear water soaks 8-12 hour, promotes germination, and by seed sowing in field planting ditch, timely earthing is treaded, and pours permeable immediately, protects Hold field to moisten;
2nd, grow:It is unearthed 2-3 time to be watered it is ensured that soil moisture is sufficient after planting arriving seedling, be conducive to germination and emergence, etc. Grow after rough leaf to seedling, suitable control is watered, water weekly twice, Seedling Stage combines to water and topdressed, promote Growth of seedling, every mu of 12-15 kilogram of chemical nitrogen fertilizer of administration, never nitrogenous fertilizer is overweight, in order to avoid causing upper grown excessively prosperous and occurring taking out A kind of sedge or make bulb expand delay, sprays the soil moisture conservation of new high fat film fertilizer conservation, when seedling grows 1-2 piece true leaf, timely weeding, go forward side by side Seedling in the ranks, keeps 2-4 centimetre of spacing so that seedling fully accepts illumination, continues healthy growth;
3rd, it is colonized:Autumn field planting is more easy to obtain high yield, when planting, growth selection stalwartness, 10-15 centimetre of height of seedling, thick 0.6-0.8 Centimetre seedling be colonized, be easy to field management, the line-spacing of field planting is 14-15 centimetre, and spacing in the rows is 12-15 centimetre, produces and plants Height, every mu of ten thousand plants of the 3-3.5 that can plant, thickness of sowing is difficult too dilute, and otherwise young plant length is big, and weed growth is also many, but is not easy to Too close, cause rice shoot excessive growth, thin and delicate Seedling increases, and is colonized depth 2-3 centimetre, too deep, then bulb expands and is obstructed, and is difficult slow seedling, Cross shallow, then young plant drift when watering, during plant strain growth, root system is shallow enters seedling-slowing stage after 20-22 days it is easy to lodging after field planting, Many to the irrigation times of Bulbus Allii Cepae, each irrigation amount will lack, and promotes the rapid root of hair of seedling to survive, and the autumn plants after Bulbus Allii Cepae rice shoot survives i.e. Enter Wintering Period, water of surviving the winter, 900-1000 kilogram of the fertilizer that every mu of administration is become thoroughly decomposed will be poured, such spring in next year soil is fertile in good time Fully, permeability is good, good conditions for soil moisture for power, enters stem and leaf trophophase when turning green after surviving the winter, and in conjunction with pouring water of turning green, then applies and once turns green Fertilizer, this stage should water, and promotes growth, control again and water, and prevents excessive growth, control the method watered " restraining the growth of seedlings ", squat General 15-18 days of Seedling, when Herba Alii fistulosi rice shoot siphonal lobe is dark green, waxiness increases, and mesophyll is thickening, when lobus cardiacus darkens, that is, terminates restraining the growth of seedlings and opens Beginning waters, and typically pours a water every 7-8 days later, make soil see dry see that wet, deep soil often keeps moistening, prevent plant Excessive growth, harvesting the last week will stop watering;
4th, harvest:When Bulbus Allii Cepae blade from bottom to top gradually starts to turn yellow, cauloid deliquescing simultaneously starts down shape, and bulb stops expanding, outward Leather matter, enters the dormant stage, indicates that bulb is ripe, should harvest in time, will be in field dry in the sun 2-3 after Bulbus Allii Cepae harvesting My god, reduce free water content, reduce Repiration, prevent from stacking mouldy, the directly root pruned of listing, and on bulb top Cut off at cauloid, you can dress basket is sold, the Bulbus Allii Cepae that such as need to preserve then does not remove stem and leaf, when blade dry in the sun to do very likely when, can be Stem and leaf weaves into plait, is suspended on ventilation, cool place, the place being dried, or the storage of bag basket.
The high-yield planting method of Bulbus Allii Cepae of the present invention, seeding method not only helps Bulbus Allii Cepae healthy growth, meets Bulbus Allii Cepae Requirement to fertilizer, can also improve the growth quality of Bulbus Allii Cepae, and Bulbus Allii Cepae after planting arrives growth during harvesting, the field such as field planting pipe Reason mode increases the yield of Bulbus Allii Cepae, and does not use pesticide, more green, environmental protection, health.
Above content is made for the present invention in conjunction with specific embodiments detailed description in detail it is impossible to assert that the present invention is specifically real Apply and be only limitted to these explanations.For those skilled in the art, before without departing from present inventive concept Put, some simple deduction or replace can also be made, all should be considered as belonging to the scope of protection of the invention.

Claims (4)

1. a kind of high-yield planting method of Bulbus Allii Cepae is it is characterised in that described Bulbus Allii Cepae implantation methods comprise the steps:
First, sow:Selection physical features is higher, irrigation and drainage are convenient, fertile soil is loose, do not planted the neutral soil of Herba Alii fistulosi Bulbus Allii class as field Block, in conjunction with deep ploughing, every mu is applied base manure is 2300-3500 kilogram of the fertilizer becoming thoroughly decomposed, and 10-15 kilogram of calcium superphosphate, by base manure Fully mix uniformly with soil, 15-20 centimetre of tilling depth, intensive cultivation, cultivated land of raking, make wide 2.0-2.2 rice, long 10- 11 meters of furrow, open 10-12 centimetre of spacing field planting ditch, 2-3 centimetre of ditch depth in furrow face, seed sowing are being colonized in ditch, in time Earthing is treaded, and pours permeable immediately, keeps ground moistening;
2nd, grow:It is unearthed 2-3 time to be watered after planting arriving seedling, after seedling grows rough leaf, suitable control is poured Water, pours weekly water twice, and Seedling Stage combines to water and topdressed, and promotes growth of seedling, applies chemical nitrogen fertilizer 12-15 public affairs for every mu Jin, sprays the soil moisture conservation of new high fat film fertilizer conservation, when seedling grows 1-2 piece true leaf, timely weeding, Seedling in the ranks of going forward side by side, keeps spacing 2-4 centimetre;
3rd, it is colonized:When autumn plants, growth selection stalwartness, 10-15 centimetre of height of seedling, thick 0.6-0.8 centimetre of seedling carry out fixed Plant, the line-spacing of field planting is 14-15 centimetre, and spacing in the rows is 12-15 centimetre, and every mu of ten thousand plants of the 3-3.5 that can plant enters after field planting for a period of time Enter seedling-slowing stage, many to the irrigation times of Bulbus Allii Cepae, each irrigation amount will lack, and promotes the rapid root of hair of seedling to survive, the autumn plants Bulbus Allii Cepae seedling Seedling enters Wintering Period after surviving, and will pour water of surviving the winter, 900-1000 kilogram of the fertilizer that every mu of administration is become thoroughly decomposed in good time, return after surviving the winter Enter stem and leaf trophophase when blue or green, combine and pour water of turning green, then apply a dressing of turnning green stage, restraining the growth of seedlings process, when Herba Alii fistulosi rice shoot siphonal lobe is dark green, waxiness Increase, mesophyll is thickening, when lobus cardiacus darkens, that is, terminate restraining the growth of seedlings and start to water, typically poured a water every 7-8 days later, make Soil see dry see that wet, deep soil often keeps moistening, prevent plant excessive growth, harvesting the last week sky will stop watering;
4th, harvest:When Bulbus Allii Cepae blade from bottom to top gradually starts to turn yellow, cauloid deliquescing simultaneously starts down shape, and bulb stops expanding, outward Leather matter, enters the dormant stage, indicates that bulb is ripe, should harvest in time.
2. as claimed in claim 1 a kind of high-yield planting method of Bulbus Allii Cepae it is characterised in that described seed is prior to seeding with 20 DEG C -30 DEG C of clear water soaks 8-12 hour.
3. as claimed in claim 1 a kind of Bulbus Allii Cepae high-yield planting method it is characterised in that after described field planting enter seedling-slowing stage Time be 20-22 days.
4. as claimed in claim 1 a kind of Bulbus Allii Cepae high-yield planting method it is characterised in that the described restraining the growth of seedlings time be 15-18 My god.
CN201610737357.7A 2016-08-29 2016-08-29 High-yield planting method of onions Pending CN106386037A (en)

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN107667801A (en) * 2017-11-24 2018-02-09 覃成鑫 A kind of implantation methods of leaf mustard

Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103947418A (en) * 2014-04-24 2014-07-30 江苏善港生态农业科技有限公司 Onion planting method
CN104221693A (en) * 2014-09-30 2014-12-24 张家港市杨舍镇善港农民专业合作社 High-yield onion planting method
CN105052484A (en) * 2015-08-03 2015-11-18 太仓市家欣农场专业合作社 High-quality high-yield and high-efficiency cultivation method for onions
CN105474912A (en) * 2014-09-17 2016-04-13 青岛诚一知识产权服务有限公司 Onion plantation method
CN105684712A (en) * 2016-02-19 2016-06-22 太仓市丰缘农场专业合作社 High-yield planting method for onions

Patent Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103947418A (en) * 2014-04-24 2014-07-30 江苏善港生态农业科技有限公司 Onion planting method
CN105474912A (en) * 2014-09-17 2016-04-13 青岛诚一知识产权服务有限公司 Onion plantation method
CN104221693A (en) * 2014-09-30 2014-12-24 张家港市杨舍镇善港农民专业合作社 High-yield onion planting method
CN105052484A (en) * 2015-08-03 2015-11-18 太仓市家欣农场专业合作社 High-quality high-yield and high-efficiency cultivation method for onions
CN105684712A (en) * 2016-02-19 2016-06-22 太仓市丰缘农场专业合作社 High-yield planting method for onions

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN107667801A (en) * 2017-11-24 2018-02-09 覃成鑫 A kind of implantation methods of leaf mustard

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Application publication date: 20170215