CN106385867B - The method for cleaning of Saus-surea obvallata (DC.) Edgew fruit - Google Patents

The method for cleaning of Saus-surea obvallata (DC.) Edgew fruit Download PDF

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Publication number
CN106385867B
CN106385867B CN201610860789.7A CN201610860789A CN106385867B CN 106385867 B CN106385867 B CN 106385867B CN 201610860789 A CN201610860789 A CN 201610860789A CN 106385867 B CN106385867 B CN 106385867B
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fruit
edgew
saus
pappus
infructescence
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CN106385867A (en
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杜燕
李桂花
张凤琼
周明芬
杨忠兰
李德铢
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Kunming Institute of Botany of CAS
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Kunming Institute of Botany of CAS
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01CPLANTING; SOWING; FERTILISING
    • A01C1/00Apparatus, or methods of use thereof, for testing or treating seed, roots, or the like, prior to sowing or planting

Abstract

The invention discloses a kind of method for cleaning of Saus-surea obvallata (DC.) Edgew fruit, step includes: dry Saus-surea obvallata (DC.) Edgew infructescence;Infructescence is gently rubbed on the stainless steel mesh in the aperture 1.4~2.36mm with rubber stopper, keeps fruit backing out from involucre, and separate with pappus;Fruit, small part pappus mixture in chassis is put into seed separator, selecting rotation speed of the fan is that the wind-force of 12~25.46Hz separates full fruit with empty flat fruit, fruit of damaging by worms, pappus;It manually picks up except residual residue and mixes fruit;The fruit cleaned out with paper bag packing.This method is simple and easy, and required clearance time is shorter;Completely filled fruit rate and purity after cleaning are all up to 100%, can be effectively reduced its storage space in freezer, be facilitated taking for later period fruit.The method for cleaning applies also for the cleaning of other kinds of fruits of Genus Saussurea simultaneously, under conditions of changing stainless steel mesh aperture and seed separator rotation speed of the fan, can be used for other kinds of composite family of cleaning.

Description

The method for cleaning of Saus-surea obvallata (DC.) Edgew fruit
Technical field
The invention belongs to technical field of plant protection, and in particular to a kind of method for cleaning of Saus-surea obvallata (DC.) Edgew fruit.
Background technique
Saus-surea obvallata (DC.) Edgew (Saussurea obvallata) is a kind of composite family herbaceos perennial, and high 16~60cm contains Protein, amino acid, flavone compound, alkaloid etc. have clearing and activating the channels and collaterals, dispelling cold and removing dampness, menstruation regulating, hemostasia and detumescence effect, energy The effectively diseases such as treatment rheumatic arthritis, the inadaptable, irregular menstruation of high mountain, are a kind of rare rare traditional Chinese medicines in China, before Scape is extremely wide.But the natural resources of Saus-surea obvallata (DC.) Edgew is extremely limited, China be only distributed in Gansu, Qinghai, Sichuan, Yunnan and Tibet, and be only grown on the alpine meadow of 3200~4700m of height above sea level, hillside Duo Shichu, at small stream curb gap, flowstone beach, in addition closely Nian Laiqi is by the unauthorized and excessive mining of medicinal herb grower, and artificial cultivation is more difficult, therefore is badly in need of protection, is that major seed (matter) library is striven The important object mutually saved.
The inflorescence of Saus-surea obvallata (DC.) Edgew is capitulum, and usual one plant 6~15, spherical total inflorescence is intensively generated at stem end. Involucre hemispherical, diameter are 1~1.5cm;Phyllary has 4 layers, and outer layer is oval, and middle layer ellipse, internal layer is linear, outside whole bracts There are pubescence and glandular hairs in face, has preferable protective effect to the achene being hidden in involucre.Achene oblong, long 5mm, top Have 2 layers of filbert pappus, outer layer is the short rough hair of long 0.5cm, and internal layer is the featheriness of long 1.2cm, therefore is easily carried out by wind scattered Cloth.Fruit is spreading these advantages on learning, and but brings huge trouble to its cleaning and storage.In field acquisition, in order to It does not allow fruit to be scattered, while improving collecting efficiency, collector often cuts from involucre base portion, is loaded into suitable paper Bag, transports seed bank back.The cleaning difficulty of composite family fruit is larger, because first needing the interior taking-up out of involucre by fruit when cleaning, with The annular pappus of the taking-up of fruit, top can be gradually spread out, thus volume of fruits can seriously increase, and some gentle breeze will be made Fly around at the fruit for being located at surface, and between internal fruit it is interlaced together, formation is a glob of;Furthermore Saus-surea obvallata (DC.) Edgew Pericarp be herbaceous stem, it is relatively thin, clear up improper seed (matter) library that will be hurt fruit, influence its shelf-life instead, therefore have It takes and does not clear up, directly save the method for infructescence.But this method can occupy the biggish storage space of freezer;In addition infructescence Bract, empty flat and fruit of damaging by worms may influence whether the storage of whole part Saus-surea obvallata (DC.) Edgew fruit containing some worm's ovums and harmful fungoid Service life and preservation quality, increase the chance of fruit infection germ, and are unfavorable for taking for later period fruit.
Summary of the invention
The present invention for Saus-surea obvallata (DC.) Edgew fruit top have 2 layers of filbert pappus, it is difficult to clear up and remove sky therein it is flat with Damage by worms seed, pericarp is relatively thin, clears up improper the problem of being damaged to fruit, influencing its shelf-life, propose it is a kind of quickly, have The method of effect cleaning Saus-surea obvallata (DC.) Edgew fruit.This method is simple and easy, can save a large amount of clearance times, and the completely filled fruit after cleaning Rate is high, can loosely divide, very convenient later period fruit is taken.
The technical solution that the present invention proposes to solve above-mentioned technical problem is:
A kind of method for cleaning of Saus-surea obvallata (DC.) Edgew fruit, this method include the following steps:
1) the Saus-surea obvallata (DC.) Edgew infructescence that field acquisition is returned is put in drying room and is dried;
2) at room temperature, Saus-surea obvallata (DC.) Edgew infructescence is put on stainless steel mesh, is rubbed with rubber stopper, makes fruit from total It is backing out in bud, and separated with pappus, it falls into the stainless steel chassis of lower layer, and most of infructescence residue and pappus then stay in In stainless steel mesh;
3) pappus and infructescence residue fallen by the fruit for removing pappus in chassis, on a small quantity is put into seed separator, is selected Fruit is separated with pappus and residue with the wind-force of suitable size;
4) it manually picks up except residual residue and the other kinds of fruits mixed;
5) will clean out, full Saus-surea obvallata (DC.) Edgew fruit is fitted into suitable packaging bag, write number.
A kind of method for cleaning of Saus-surea obvallata (DC.) Edgew fruit as mentioned, wherein temperature condition is 15 in the step 1) drying room DEG C, relative humidity 15%, Saus-surea obvallata (DC.) Edgew infructescence need to dry to relative humidity be 14%~16%RH when cleared up again.
A kind of method for cleaning of Saus-surea obvallata (DC.) Edgew fruit as mentioned, wherein the step 2) is that Saus-surea obvallata (DC.) Edgew infructescence is very thin It is 21.1~21.5cm that stall with goods spread out on the ground for sale, which is put under dust hood diameter, on the stainless steel mesh of deep 5.5cm, then with trapezoidal round table-like rubber Plug is gently rubbed.
A kind of method for cleaning of Saus-surea obvallata (DC.) Edgew fruit as mentioned, wherein step 2) stainless steel mesh aperture is according to fruit Depending on real specific size, range is 1.4~2.36mm.
A kind of method for cleaning of Saus-surea obvallata (DC.) Edgew fruit as mentioned, wherein the step step 3) is the original using weight difference Reason, according to fruit size, selecting rotation speed of the fan is the wind-force of 12~25.46Hz, makes full fruit and empty flat fruit, wormy fruit Real, pappus and the separation of infructescence residue.
A kind of method for clearing up Saus-surea obvallata (DC.) Edgew fruit as mentioned, wherein tweezers used are stainless in the step step 4) Steel tip tweezers.
A kind of method for cleaning of Saus-surea obvallata (DC.) Edgew fruit as mentioned, wherein packaging bag is ventilative paper in the step 5) Bag, depending on neglecting fruit quality greatly, specific packing method is that clean, the full Saus-surea obvallata (DC.) Edgew fruit cleaned out is packed into paper Bag, then sack is folded inward twice, then not good with two paper clips.
The present invention additionally provides the method for a kind of cleaning composite family Genus Saussurea blunt luxuriant saussurea involucrata and globe daisy saussurea involucrata fruit simultaneously, should Method includes the following steps:
1) infructescence of blunt luxuriant saussurea involucrata or globe daisy saussurea involucrata is put in environmental condition is 15 DEG C, in the drying room of 15%RH, dry To 14%~16%RH;
2) at room temperature, by the infructescence of blunt luxuriant saussurea involucrata or globe daisy saussurea involucrata, thinly laying diameter under dust hood is 21.1~21.5cm, deep 5.5cm, aperture are gently to be rubbed with rubber stopper on the stainless steel mesh of 1.4~2.36mm, make fruit It is backing out from involucre, and separated with pappus, it falls into the stainless steel chassis of lower layer, and most of infructescence residue and pappus stay In stainless steel mesh;
3) pappus and infructescence residue fallen by the fruit for eliminating pappus in chassis, on a small quantity is put into seed separator, According to fruit specific size, selecting rotation speed of the fan is the wind-force of 23.01~37.01Hz, separates fruit with pappus and residue;
4) the other kinds of fruits for removing residual residue and mixing are picked up with stainless steel fine-pointed forceps Ziren work;
5) will clean out, full blunt luxuriant saussurea involucrata or globe daisy yacon actual load enter in sizeable paper bag, sack to Interior folding is not twice, then good with two paper clips, and writes number.
The beneficial effect of the present invention by adopting the above technical scheme is: it is difficult to efficiently solve current Saus-surea obvallata (DC.) Edgew fruit cleaning Problem can effectively save manpower and time, and improve working efficiency;Cleaning effect is preferable, and the completely filled fruit rate after cleaning is reachable 100%, purity is up to 100%, and cleanliness is up to 98% or more;By removal pappus, bract, empty flat and fruit of damaging by worms, can significantly save Valuable Storage in cold bank space is saved, the chance of full fruit infection germ is reduced;Fruit after cleaning can loosely divide, very convenient Later period takes.In addition, scale removal process is carried out indoors, proper temperature is conducive to cleaning personnel and operates;Infructescence is rubbed under dust hood It carries out, can effectively prevent a large amount of dust that rubbing generates and the health of cleaning personnel is damaged;Infructescence is rubbed with rubber stopper, It is avoided that infructescence residue opponent damages.In addition, this method operation strategies are wider, while being suitable for the other seed pods of Genus Saussurea Real cleaning applies also for other kinds of composite family under conditions of changing stainless steel mesh aperture and seed separator rotation speed of the fan The cleaning of fruit.
Detailed description of the invention:
Fig. 1 is that sieve handles top view;
Fig. 2 is seed separator side view.
Specific embodiment:
With reference to the accompanying drawing, it further illustrates essentiality content of the invention with the present embodiment, but is not limited with this Determine the content of present invention.
Embodiment 1:
The cleaning of Saus-surea obvallata (DC.) Edgew fruit:
1. the Saus-surea obvallata (DC.) Edgew infructescence that field acquisition is returned is put in environmental condition to be 15 DEG C, dry in the drying room of 15%RH To 14%~16%RH, so that the intracorporal water content of fruit is rapidly dropped to level of security, prevent under aging, activity level Drop, the situations such as sprouting occur in advance;On the other hand the property resistant to treatment of fruit is helped to improve, and makes Saus-surea obvallata (DC.) Edgew fruit easily from total Backing out in bud, the pappus on top is easily split away off from fruit.
2. at room temperature, by the infructescence of Saus-surea obvallata (DC.) Edgew thinly laying under dust hood diameter be 21.1~ 21.5cm, deep 5.5cm, aperture are gently to be rubbed with rubber stopper on the stainless steel mesh of 1.4~2.36mm, make fruit from involucre In it is backing out, and separate, fallen into the stainless steel chassis of lower layer with pappus, and most of infructescence residue and pappus stay in it is stainless In steel sieve.
3. the pappus and infructescence residue that fall by the fruit for removing pappus in chassis, on a small quantity are put into seed separator, root According to fruit size, selecting rotation speed of the fan is the wind-force of 12~25.46Hz, separates fruit with pappus and residue.
4. picking up the other kinds of fruits for removing residual residue and mixing with stainless steel fine-pointed forceps Ziren work.
5. will clean out, full Saus-surea obvallata (DC.) Edgew fruit is fitted into sizeable paper bag, sack is folded inward twice, Then not good with two paper clips, and write number.
Embodiment 2:
The cleaning of other kinds of composite family Genus Saussurea (such as blunt luxuriant saussurea involucrata and globe daisy saussurea involucrata) fruit:
1. the composite family Genus Saussurea that field acquisition is returned is belonged to other kinds of (such as blunt luxuriant saussurea involucrata and globe daisy saussurea involucrata) infructescence to be put in It is dried in drying room, drying room environmental condition is 15 DEG C, 15%RH, and the infructescence of above-mentioned plant need to be dried to 14%~16% RH。
2. at room temperature, by the infructescence of blunt luxuriant saussurea involucrata or globe daisy saussurea involucrata, thinly laying diameter under dust hood is 21.1~21.5cm, deep 5.5cm, aperture are gently to be rubbed with rubber stopper on the stainless steel mesh of 1.4~2.36mm, make fruit It is backing out from involucre, and separated with pappus, it falls into the stainless steel chassis of lower layer.
3. the pappus and infructescence residue that fall by the fruit for removing pappus in chassis, on a small quantity are put into seed separator, root According to fruit specific size, selecting rotation speed of the fan is the wind-force of 23.01~37.01Hz, separates fruit with pappus and residue.
4. picking up the other kinds of fruits for removing residual residue and mixing with stainless steel fine-pointed forceps Ziren work.
5. will clean out, full blunt luxuriant saussurea involucrata or globe daisy yacon actual load enter in sizeable paper bag, sack to Interior folding is not twice, then good with two paper clips, and writes number.
The present invention is not limited to above-mentioned implementation facility, and all drying means and fruit separation method change other methods into and also exist In rights protection scope of the present invention.

Claims (1)

1. a kind of method for cleaning of Saus-surea obvallata (DC.) Edgew fruit, it is characterised in that this method includes the following steps:
1) the Saus-surea obvallata (DC.) Edgew infructescence that field acquisition is returned is put in drying room and is dried;
2) at room temperature, Saus-surea obvallata (DC.) Edgew infructescence is put on stainless steel mesh, is rubbed with rubber stopper, makes fruit from involucre It is backing out, and separated with pappus, fall into the stainless steel chassis of lower layer, and most of infructescence residue and pappus then stay in it is stainless In steel sieve;
3) pappus and infructescence residue fallen by the fruit for removing pappus in chassis, on a small quantity is put into seed separator, is selected and is closed The wind-force of suitable size separates fruit with pappus and residue;
4) it manually picks up except residual residue and the other kinds of fruits mixed;
5) will clean out, full Saus-surea obvallata (DC.) Edgew fruit is fitted into suitable packaging bag, write number;
In the step 1) drying room temperature condition be 15 DEG C, relative humidity 15%, Saus-surea obvallata (DC.) Edgew infructescence need to dry to relatively wet Degree is cleared up again when being 14%~16%RH;
The step 2 is that Saus-surea obvallata (DC.) Edgew infructescence is thinly spread under dust hood diameter is 21.1~21.5cm, deep 5.5cm Stainless steel mesh on, then gently rubbed with trapezoidal round table-like rubber stopper, stainless steel mesh aperture according to fruit specific size and Fixed, range is 1.4~2.36mm;
The step 3) is the principle using weight difference, and according to fruit size, selecting rotation speed of the fan is the wind of 12~25.46Hz Power separates full fruit with empty flat fruit, fruit of damaging by worms, pappus and infructescence residue;
Tweezers used are stainless steel tip tweezers in the step 4);
Packaging bag is ventilative paper bag in the step 5), depending on neglecting fruit weight greatly, when packaging by clean out it is clean, Full Saus-surea obvallata (DC.) Edgew fruit is packed into paper bag, then sack is folded inward twice, then not good with paper clip.
CN201610860789.7A 2016-09-29 2016-09-29 The method for cleaning of Saus-surea obvallata (DC.) Edgew fruit Active CN106385867B (en)

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Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN2258431Y (en) * 1996-03-08 1997-07-30 新疆第四机床厂 Composite multi-purpose grain screening machine
RU2174658C1 (en) * 2000-06-05 2001-10-10 Всероссийский научно-исследовательский институт масличных культур им. В.С. Пустовойта Sunflower seed drying method and line
CN201168701Y (en) * 2008-03-21 2008-12-24 福建省农业科学院水稻研究所 Self-help cleaning apparatus for seed and cereal dry concentration
CN203209319U (en) * 2013-05-14 2013-09-25 芜湖青弋江种业有限公司 Seed screening and cleaning device
CN104838816A (en) * 2015-05-08 2015-08-19 贵州大学 Method of harvesting white atractylodes rhizome seeds
CN105709898A (en) * 2016-01-29 2016-06-29 中国农业科学院郑州果树研究所 Method for obtaining grape hybrid fruit seeds

Patent Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN2258431Y (en) * 1996-03-08 1997-07-30 新疆第四机床厂 Composite multi-purpose grain screening machine
RU2174658C1 (en) * 2000-06-05 2001-10-10 Всероссийский научно-исследовательский институт масличных культур им. В.С. Пустовойта Sunflower seed drying method and line
CN201168701Y (en) * 2008-03-21 2008-12-24 福建省农业科学院水稻研究所 Self-help cleaning apparatus for seed and cereal dry concentration
CN203209319U (en) * 2013-05-14 2013-09-25 芜湖青弋江种业有限公司 Seed screening and cleaning device
CN104838816A (en) * 2015-05-08 2015-08-19 贵州大学 Method of harvesting white atractylodes rhizome seeds
CN105709898A (en) * 2016-01-29 2016-06-29 中国农业科学院郑州果树研究所 Method for obtaining grape hybrid fruit seeds

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