The content of the invention
To solve the problems, such as that existing Fine Slender Shaft or flange-type part need staged operation in background technology, the present invention carries
For a kind of accurate and thin, small short long axis Three-dimension process for being carried out at the same time Fine Slender Shaft and flange-type part side and front processing
The technical scheme is that：A kind of accurate and thin, small short long axis Three-dimension process equipment, it is described including fuselage
Fuselage one side is equipped with feeding mechanism, is equipped with feeding clip mechanism along the straight line of feeding mechanism feedstock direction, the feeding clip mechanism has
The first position of workpiece to be added is clamped from feeding mechanism and the workpiece to be added of clamping is sent to the second position of stationary fixture,
Column is set in the one side of the second position of feeding clip mechanism on fuselage, set on the column can straight skidding stationary fixture,
Lateral drill milling mechanism is set in the both sides of stationary fixture, and the opposite side of the feeding clip mechanism sets perforating mechanism, the geometrical clamp
The front end of tool is equipped with indexing mechanism, and the indexing mechanism slip is arranged on stationary fixture front end, and can link with stationary fixture
The feeding mechanism includes the first slide being arranged on fuselage, pallet and band with the sliding cooperation of the first slide
First transmission mechanism of dynamic pallet movement.
The feeding clip mechanism includes the second slide of feeding vertical mechanism feedstock direction setting, matches somebody with somebody with the sliding of the second slide
It closes, and the first machinery that there is the fixed frame of elevating function, be arranged on fixed frame gear rack structure and be arranged on rack
First manipulator, which has, is fixed at rack upper fixed seat, the clamping for the cooperation that rotates in a circumferential direction with fixed seat
The peace of portion, the fixed seat and clamping part cooperation turns face setting at 45 °, and the clamping part includes the first clamping part and the second clamping
Portion, first clamping part and the second clamping part are vertically arranged, i.e., any one clamping part has the first of feeding vertical direction
State and second state in parallel feed direction.
The lateral drill milling mechanism to be multiple, and the lateral drill milling mechanism can horizontal sliding be arranged on column.
Automatic tool changer storehouse is equipped in the opposite side of the fuselage, the automatic tool changer storehouse includes mounting bracket, fixed disk and rotation
Turntable, the mounting bracket are equipped with the first driving motor and the driving plate driven by the first driving motor, the driving plate
Be equipped with connecting shaft, the connecting bushing is arranged on rotating disk, in fixed disk, the rotating disk be sheathed on fixed disk it is outer and with
Fixed disk circumferentially rotates cooperation along connecting shaft radial slippage, and the fixed disk is equipped with the second driving motor, the rotating disk
Circumferential direction be equipped with multiple for placing the second manipulators of cutter, second manipulator has first of clamp-on tool
It puts and the second position unclamped the second manipulator and cutter is convenient for pick and place is driven by the second driving motor.
The perforating mechanism is arranged on the 3rd guide rail set along feedstock direction, and is formed sliding with the 3rd guide rail and matched somebody with somebody
It closes, the perforating mechanism has and the first position of stationary fixture face and the corresponding second for picking and placeing knife with automatic tool changer storehouse
The stationary fixture includes movable stand, and the movable stand forms straight skidding cooperation with column, in the movable stand
Upper setting forms the Mobile base of horizontal sliding cooperation with it, and the Mobile base front end sets fixing piece, is set in mobile base rear end
Post rod mechanism, the fixing piece can horizontal sliding be arranged on Mobile base.
The indexing mechanism is arranged on movable stand, and the indexing mechanism can relatively move frame straight skidding.
The indexing mechanism includes servomotor, and the clamping piece of rotatable engagement, the clamping piece bag are formed with servomotor
The STATEMENT OF FEDERALLY SPONSORED being linked with servomotor is included, STATEMENT OF FEDERALLY SPONSORED trisection is equipped with slot, and card sets the first driving member in the slot,
First driving member forms rotation-sliding cooperation with clamping pipe, and one end trisection of clamping pipe towards the stationary fixture is equipped with
Open slot, and fixing sleeve is arranged outside the clamping pipe, the clamping pipe rotates in a circumferential direction with fixing sleeve composition and axially sliding clamps
Cooperation, is equipped with the second driving member between the fixing sleeve and STATEMENT OF FEDERALLY SPONSORED, second driving member has the slid in slot
One state and the second state with the cell wall composition /V cooperation of slot.
The invention has the advantages that by setting lateral drill milling mechanism and perforating mechanism, treated using stationary fixture clamping
Part is processed, is carried out at the same time positive and lateral processing, and by setting indexing mechanism, realize automatic angle adjustment, and nothing
Part exchanging need to be carried out, while feeding blanking is carried out on stationary fixture automatically using feeding clip mechanism, realizes full-automatic processing.
Embodiments of the present invention is further illustrated below in conjunction with the accompanying drawings：
As shown in the figure, a kind of accurate and thin, small short long axis Three-dimension process equipment, including fuselage 1,1 one side of fuselage
Equipped with feeding mechanism 2, feeding clip mechanism 3 is equipped with along the straight line of 2 feedstock direction of feeding mechanism, the feeding clip mechanism 3 have from into
The first position of workpiece to be added is clamped in material mechanism and the workpiece to be added of clamping is sent to the second position of stationary fixture, fuselage
Column 6 is set in the one side of the second position of feeding clip mechanism on 1, i.e., it is corresponding when feeding clip mechanism runs to the second position
One side sets a column 6, and stationary fixture is arranged on the column, and the feeding clip mechanism is enable just to be aligned in feeding
The stationary fixture realizes automatic charging, and then slip is arranged on the column stationary fixture 7, can be along column
Straight skidding so as to be moved up and down along the working face in lateral drill milling mechanism, is realized and bores milling, set in the both sides of stationary fixture 7
Lateral drill milling mechanism 9, the opposite side of the feeding clip mechanism 3 set perforating mechanism 4, and the front end of the stationary fixture is equipped with dividing engine
Structure 8, the indexing mechanism 8 can straight skidding be arranged on stationary fixture front end, and can be linked with stationary fixture.Entire fuselage
Outside is equipped with openable case, which sets there are one notch in the position of corresponding feeding mechanism, passed in and out for feeding mechanism.
The feeding mechanism 3 includes setting the first slide 21 on the fuselage 1, the pallet 22 with the sliding cooperation of the first slide
And drive the first transmission mechanism 23 of pallet movement.Wherein the first transmission mechanism uses pulley transmission mechanism, and the support
Disk is in the one side of the first slide on the outside of case, and for carrying out artificial loading in outside, and after feeding, which slides
It moves up into case, so as to fulfill complete machine automation mechanized operation.
The feeding clip mechanism 3 includes the second slide 31 of feeding vertical mechanism feedstock direction setting, is slided with the second slide 31
Cooperation is moved, and there is the fixed frame 32 of elevating function, be arranged on 32 gear rack structure 34 of fixed frame and be arranged on rack
The first manipulator, wherein on fixed frame set cylinder 33, the cylinder be used to implement gear ＆ rack structure longitudinal movement.
First manipulator, which has, is fixed at rack upper fixed seat 35, the folder for the cooperation that rotates in a circumferential direction with fixed seat 35
Hold portion 36, the peace of the fixed seat 35 and clamping part cooperation turns face setting at 45 °, and the clamping part includes the first clamping part and the
Two clamping parts, first clamping part and the second clamping part are vertically arranged, i.e., any one clamping part has feeding vertical direction
First state and parallel feed direction the second state, that is, using process, when the first clamping part vertical tray is set, then the
The parallel pallet of two clamping parts is set, i.e., the first clamping part goes pallet to feed, and the second clamping part will then be arrived on the material clipped and fixed
The lateral drill milling mechanism to be multiple, and the lateral drill milling mechanism can horizontal sliding be arranged on column.Wherein
Lateral drill milling mechanism is symmetricly set on for two on column, can also unidirectionally be set.Wherein, lateral drill milling mechanism horizontal sliding is set
It puts on column, by moving forward and backward for the lateral drill milling mechanism of Serve Motor Control, so as to fulfill the side of parts to be processed
Automatic tool changer storehouse 5 is equipped in the opposite side of the fuselage, the automatic tool changer storehouse includes mounting bracket 51, fixed disk 52
With rotating disk 53, the mounting bracket 51 is equipped with the first driving motor 511 and the driving plate driven by the first driving motor 511
512, the driving plate 512 is equipped with connecting shaft 54, and the connecting shaft 54 is sheathed on rotating disk 53, in fixed disk 52, institute
The rotating disk 53 stated is sheathed on outside fixed disk 52 and circumferentially rotates cooperation along 54 radial slippage of connecting shaft with fixed disk 52, described
Fixed disk 52 is equipped with the second driving motor 521, and the circumferential direction of the rotating disk 53 is used to place the second of cutter equipped with multiple
Manipulator 55, specifically, at least provided with two the second manipulators in rotating disk, convenient for the replacement of different cutters.Described
Two manipulators 55 have the first position of clamp-on tool and by the second driving motor 521 release mechanism hand 5 are driven to be taken convenient for cutter
The second position put.First driving motor and driving plate are set so that fixed disk and rotating disk energy synchronization-sliding, convenient for tool magazine with
Cutter is replaced in other component cooperation；Rotating disk is rotatably assorted with fixing sleeve, the cutter of adaptation can be recalled as needed, for adding
Work so that product tool changing is fast reliable, and intelligent control is convenient；The setting of second manipulator simultaneously can be with convenient for reliable retention cutter
It is unclamped as needed, convenient for rapid changing knife, action is simple.Also have it is simple in structure, it is easy to maintenance, control is quick, conveniently,
Reliably, the advantages that service life is long.
Second manipulator 55 includes line slideway 551, drive link 552,53 and second clamping piece of the first clamping member
554, the first clamping member 553, the second clamping piece 554 slide with line slideway 51 to be coordinated, the first clamping member 553
The first oblique chute 5531 is equipped with, second clamping piece 554 is equipped with the second oblique chute 5541, first oblique chute
5531 are symmetrically set with the second oblique chute 5541, and second driving motor 521 is connected with drive link 552, described
Drive link 52 have two and two drive links 552 are inserted into the first oblique chute 5531, in the second oblique chute 5541 respectively.Second drives
Dynamic motor can drive drive link to move, and two drive links then drive the first folder respectively by the first oblique chute and the second oblique chute
Gripping member is done clamping movement with the second clamping piece and is moved with unclamping, simple in structure so as to fulfill the clamping function of the second manipulator, folder
It holds conveniently.Meanwhile first oblique chute and the second oblique chute it is symmetrical along center line, therefore its clamp precision be always first clamping
On the center line of part and the second clamping piece, so clamp precision is high.
Second driving motor 521 is connected with movable block 555, described two 552 parallel fixations of drive link with
On movable block 555.Such structure enables the second driving motor reliably drive link to be driven to move, and drive link is limited
Position ensures two drive link synchronization smooth motions.
Second manipulator 55 includes U-shaped frame 556, and the line slideway 551, drive link 552 are arranged on U-shaped frame
In 556.The upper end of the U-shaped frame 556 outwards folds to form edge 5561, and the movable block 555 is equipped with idler wheel, described
Movable block 555 is placed on U-shaped frame 556 and cooperatively forms the first accommodating cavity 5552 and the second accommodating cavity with U-shaped frame 556, described
Line slideway 551, drive link 552 be arranged on the first accommodating cavity 5552 in, the idler wheel be arranged on the second accommodating cavity in.U-shaped frame
Setting further /V is carried out to the opening of the first clamping member, the second clamping piece, the excessive cutter of opening angle is avoided to come off.Side
The setting of edge and idler wheel ensures that movable block stable movement is reliable, reduces frictional force and reduces energy consumption.
Second manipulator 55 includes return unit 557, and the return unit 557 is connected with movable block 555, described
Return unit 557 there is the second manipulator 55 of driving to be in the movement tendency of first position.The setting of return unit causes movable block
It resets reliably, so as to ensure that the second manipulator clamping is reliable.Can certainly movable block directly be driven by the second driving motor
Locating part 558 is equipped between 553 and second clamping piece 554 of the first clamping member.The setting of locating part avoids
The first clamping member and the second clamping piece cross movement, and when clamping damages cutter.
The first clamping member 553 is equipped with the first curved portion 5532, and second clamping piece 554 is equipped with second
Curved portion 5542, first curved portion 5532 are engaged to clamp cutter with the second curved portion 5542.Such structure
So that product clamping is reliable steady, convenient for tool motion.
The line slideway 551 has two, the first clamping member 553 with the second clamping piece 554 is parallel is arranged on
On two line slideways 551.Such structure causes the first clamping member, the second clamping piece stable movement, is swift in motion.
The automatic tool changer storehouse further includes electric rotating machine 56, and the electric rotating machine 56 is meshed with toothed disc 57, described
Toothed disc 57 is sheathed on outside connecting shaft 54 and is connected with rotating disk 53.It is reliable that such structure ensures that rotating disk rotates.Tool
Body says that the first driving motor, the second driving motor, electric rotating machine all can be servomotors.
The perforating mechanism 4 is arranged on the 3rd guide rail 41 set along feedstock direction, and is formed and slid with the 3rd guide rail
Cooperation, the perforating mechanism have and the first position of stationary fixture face and corresponding with automatic tool changer storehouse pick and place the second of knife
Position, the perforating mechanism are fixed on sliding component, and the sliding component forms thread fitting with screw rod, in the drive of servomotor
The 3rd guide rail of lower edge slides.And by by perforating mechanism into line slip, you can may be caused during solving feeding clip mechanism feeding
Interference the problem of, can also move directly at automatic tool changer storehouse carry out tool changing, according to process requirements carry out cutter changing.
The stationary fixture 7 includes movable stand 71, and the movable stand 71 forms straight skidding with column, in the movable stand
Upper setting forms the Mobile base 72 of horizontal sliding cooperation with it, and the Mobile base front end sets fixing piece, is set in mobile base rear end
Top set linkage 73, the fixing piece can horizontal sliding be arranged on Mobile base.
Wherein fixing piece includes the upper fixing element 75 that can slightly move up and down and lower fixing piece 74, upper fixing element and lower fixation
The front end of part sets gland 76, and when upper fixing element and lower fixing piece separate, material is inserted, will when the two merges
Feed collet is tight, so as to fulfill the fixation of material, and then sets wedge groove respectively in the rear end of upper fixing element and lower fixing piece, and the two is being closed
And when into triangle, and fastening cylinder 77 in fixing piece one side is set, the fastener head of wedge shape is set on the mandril of the fastening cylinder
78, when cylinder is exerted oneself, which gives wedge groove one power so that upper and lower fixing piece moves up or down respectively
It is dynamic, so that the fixation head clamping of front end, and when cylinder unclamps, then due to the gravity of itself, gland is unclamped, so as to real
It now clamps material and unclamps the operation of material.
The indexing mechanism is arranged on movable stand, and the indexing mechanism can relatively move the cooperation of frame straight skidding.It should
Indexing mechanism is fixed on stent, the stent l-shaped, and horizontal end is then fixed on movable stand upper end by cylinder, and the stent
Perpendicular end be then fixed on by longitudinally disposed line slideway on movable stand so that the indexing mechanism both can and then move
Frame sliding up and down, and the stent realization sliding up and down of itself can be utilized, thus when laterally brill milling needs, to parts to be processed
It is rotated, can also then be moved up when needing front punching, so as to not interfere punching.
The indexing mechanism includes servomotor 81, and the clamping piece of rotatable engagement, the clamping piece are formed with servomotor
82 include the STATEMENT OF FEDERALLY SPONSOREDs 84 that are linked with servomotor, and 84 trisection of STATEMENT OF FEDERALLY SPONSORED is equipped with slot, and card sets the in the slot
One driving member 85, first driving member 85 form rotation-sliding cooperation with clamping pipe 83, and the pipe that clamps is towards stationary fixture
One end trisection be equipped with open slot, and the clamping pipe is outer is arranged fixing sleeve 87, and the clamping pipe forms circumferential with fixing sleeve
Rotation and axial sliding clamping engagement, are equipped with the second driving member 86, second driving member between the fixing sleeve and STATEMENT OF FEDERALLY SPONSORED
The second state with the first state slid in slot and with the cell wall composition /V cooperation of slot, in fixing sleeve and clamping
Roller bearing between pipe is set, reduces frictional force between the two.
I.e. when servomotor rotates, first the STATEMENT OF FEDERALLY SPONSORED drive the first driving member rotation so that this step up pipe compared with
The central axis direction movement of fixing sleeve, so that stepping up pipe clamp tightly labor and materials to be added, when STATEMENT OF FEDERALLY SPONSORED turns an angle so that
The slot of STATEMENT OF FEDERALLY SPONSORED is contacted with the second driving member, so that STATEMENT OF FEDERALLY SPONSORED drives entire fixing sleeve rotation, is revolved so as to fulfill angle
Every technical staff's notice：Although the present invention describes according to above-mentioned specific embodiment, of the invention
Invention thought be not limited in the invention, any repacking with inventive concept will all include this patent protection of the patent right
In the range of.