CN106376572A - Medicament for controlling and preventing epidemic diseases of white gourd, and application method and applications thereof - Google Patents

Medicament for controlling and preventing epidemic diseases of white gourd, and application method and applications thereof Download PDF

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Publication number
CN106376572A
CN106376572A CN201610769360.7A CN201610769360A CN106376572A CN 106376572 A CN106376572 A CN 106376572A CN 201610769360 A CN201610769360 A CN 201610769360A CN 106376572 A CN106376572 A CN 106376572A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
fructus benincasae
pesticide control
soil
epidemic disease
auxiliary agent
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN201610769360.7A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
曾莉莎
吕顺
李洪波
庄华才
向欣叶
杜彩娴
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
DONGGUAN BANANA VEGETABLES RESEARCH INSTITUTE
Original Assignee
DONGGUAN BANANA VEGETABLES RESEARCH INSTITUTE
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Priority to CN201610769360.7A priority Critical patent/CN106376572A/en
Publication of CN106376572A publication Critical patent/CN106376572A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Classifications

    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G13/00Protecting plants
    • A01G13/02Protective coverings for plants; Coverings for the ground; Devices for laying-out or removing coverings
    • A01G13/0256Ground coverings
    • A01G13/0268Mats or sheets, e.g. nets or fabrics
    • A01G13/0275Films
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01NPRESERVATION OF BODIES OF HUMANS OR ANIMALS OR PLANTS OR PARTS THEREOF; BIOCIDES, e.g. AS DISINFECTANTS, AS PESTICIDES OR AS HERBICIDES; PEST REPELLANTS OR ATTRACTANTS; PLANT GROWTH REGULATORS
    • A01N43/00Biocides, pest repellants or attractants, or plant growth regulators containing heterocyclic compounds
    • A01N43/64Biocides, pest repellants or attractants, or plant growth regulators containing heterocyclic compounds having rings with three nitrogen atoms as the only ring hetero atoms
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01NPRESERVATION OF BODIES OF HUMANS OR ANIMALS OR PLANTS OR PARTS THEREOF; BIOCIDES, e.g. AS DISINFECTANTS, AS PESTICIDES OR AS HERBICIDES; PEST REPELLANTS OR ATTRACTANTS; PLANT GROWTH REGULATORS
    • A01N63/00Biocides, pest repellants or attractants, or plant growth regulators containing microorganisms, viruses, microbial fungi, animals or substances produced by, or obtained from, microorganisms, viruses, microbial fungi or animals, e.g. enzymes or fermentates

Abstract

The invention discloses a medicament for controlling and preventing epidemic diseases of white gourd. The medicament comprises bromochloroisocyanuric acid and auxiliary agents. The medicament is sprayed, in a furrow application manner, into the soil for planting white gourds, and then the soil is covered by a film for 8 to 12 days. The growth of pathogens and moulds in soil can be inhibited; the growth of bacteria and actinomyces is promoted, the B/F and A/F values are increased; the epidemic diseases and blight of white gourd are effectively controlled, and the medicament can be directly used in production.

Description

A kind of Fructus Benincasae epidemic prevention and control medicament, application process and its application
Technical field
The invention belongs to melon epidemic prevention and control technical field is and in particular to a kind of Fructus Benincasae epidemic prevention and control medicament, application process And its application.
Background technology
Fructus Benincasae (Benincasa hispida (Thunb.) Cogn.) is one of traditional vegetable of China, has and relieves summer heat, subtracts Fertile, effect of diuresis.The growing surface of Fructus Benincasae constantly expands in recent years, wide market.But, the generation of Fructus Benincasae epidemic disease also exists It is further exacerbated by, especially in the southern area of high temperature and rainy, morbidity is more serious and frequent, retransmits field and even has no harvest, it has also become The bottleneck that restriction Fructus Benincasae produces.
Fructus Benincasae epidemic disease is the disease being caused by phytophthora (PhytophthoradeBary), and L Phytophthora melonis belong to soil-borne disease Bacterium, is survived the winter in soil or muck with mycelium, oospore and chlamydospore.Under the conditions of thermophilic, soil moisture is disease stream The determiner of row.
At present to the preventing and treating of Fructus Benincasae epidemic disease still to carry out based on Agro-chemicals control, have ignored as Fructus Benincasae for Fructus Benincasae plant The soil of nutrition itself is provided, prevents and treats the effective way of Fructus Benincasae epidemic disease and method for inquiring into, from source prevention and control Fructus Benincasae epidemic disease, because This, it is necessary to provide a kind of Fructus Benincasae epidemic prevention and control medicament to be applied to soil before Fructus Benincasae plantation, plays control action to Fructus Benincasae epidemic disease.
Content of the invention
In order to solve the above problems, an object of the present invention there are provided a kind of Fructus Benincasae epidemic prevention and control medicament, to have The preventing and treating Fructus Benincasae epidemic disease of effect, Fructus Benincasae droop, simultaneously facilitate Fructus Benincasae growth, increase Fructus Benincasae yield.
The second object of the present invention is to provide a kind of application process of Fructus Benincasae epidemic prevention and control medicament and its application.
The present invention is achieved through the following technical solutions:
A kind of pesticide control of Fructus Benincasae epidemic disease, described pesticide control is applied to the plantation soil of Fructus Benincasae and to include bromine chlorine different Cyanuric acid and auxiliary agent.
It is preferred that described auxiliary agent is at least one in tea bran, ethanol, Calx and carbon ammonia.
It is preferred that described auxiliary agent is tea bran, and described bromine symclosene is 1 with the mass ratio of described tea bran:280~ 320, most preferably 1:300.
It is preferred that described auxiliary agent is ethanol, the concentration of described ethanol is 2%~5%, most preferably 3.5%, and described ethanol Mass ratio with described bromine symclosene is 700~800:1, most preferably 750:1.
It is preferred that described pesticide control also includes complex microorganism preparations or EM bacterium.
It is preferred that described pesticide control includes described bromine symclosene, described auxiliary agent and described complex microorganism preparations, Described auxiliary agent is ethanol, and the concentration of described ethanol is 2%~5%, most preferably 3.5%, and described bromine symclosene, described wine The smart mass ratio with described complex microorganism preparations is 1:700~800:25~35, most preferably 1:750:30.
It is preferred that described auxiliary agent is Calx and carbon ammonia, and the matter of described bromine symclosene, described Calx and described carbon ammonia Amount ratio is 1:280~320:130~170, most preferably 1:300:150.
The present invention also provides a kind of application process by pesticide control, and described pesticide control ditch is imposed on Fructus Benincasae planting soil In, then covered 8~12 days with thin film.
It is preferred that described application process is additionally included in thin film is taken off from then in Fructus Benincasae plantation after thin film covers 8~12 days Complex microorganism preparations or EM bacterium is applied in soil.
Application on preventing Fructus Benincasae epidemic disease, Fructus Benincasae droop for the pesticide control of the present invention.
Compared with prior art, the invention has the advantages that:Fructus Benincasae epidemic prevention and control medicament can suppress disease in soil Opportunistic pathogen, fungus growth, promote antibacterial and unwrapping wire bacteria growing, improve B/F and A/F value, control the diseases such as Fructus Benincasae epidemic disease, Fructus Benincasae droop Evil effect substantially, can directly use aborning.
Brief description
Fig. 1 is the Fructus Benincasae epidemic prevention and control medicament of embodiment 1~4 to Fructus Benincasae epidemic disease sickness rate and relative control effect.
Fig. 2 be embodiment 1~4 Fructus Benincasae epidemic prevention and control medicament to Fructus Benincasae ground soil in Fructus Benincasae phytophthora quantity impact.
Fig. 3 be embodiment 1~4 Fructus Benincasae epidemic prevention and control medicament to Fructus Benincasae ground diversity of soil microorganism impact.
Specific embodiment
With reference to specific embodiment, the present invention is described in further detail, to help those skilled in the art's reason The solution present invention.
The present invention is intended to provide a kind of Fructus Benincasae epidemic prevention and control medicament, application process and its application, with effectively preventing Fructus Benincasae Epidemic disease, Fructus Benincasae droop, simultaneously facilitate Fructus Benincasae growth, increase Fructus Benincasae yield.
The pesticide control of Fructus Benincasae epidemic disease includes bromine symclosene and auxiliary agent.Auxiliary agent is tea bran, ethanol, Calx and carbon ammonia In at least one.The concentration of wherein ethanol is 2%~5%, most preferably 3.5%, it is preferred that pesticide control also include compound micro- Biological preparation or EM bacterium, wherein complex microorganism preparations are golden bass complex microorganism preparations.
Embodiment 1:Bromine symclosene and tea bran are with mass ratio 1:300 are configured to Fructus Benincasae epidemic prevention and control medicament.
Embodiment 2:Concentration be 3.5% ethanol and bromine symclosene with mass ratio 750:1 is configured to Fructus Benincasae epidemic disease prevents Control medicament.
Embodiment 3:Bromine symclosene, 3.5% ethanol and complex microorganism preparations are with mass ratio 1:750:30 configurations Become Fructus Benincasae epidemic prevention and control medicament.
Embodiment 4:Bromine symclosene, Calx and carbon ammonia are with mass ratio 1:300:150 are configured to Fructus Benincasae epidemic prevention and control medicine Agent.
With do not use any pesticide control process as blank (CK), with the process only applying bromine symclosene be Another matched group.
Wherein, tea bran and carbon ammonia are purchased from element organic fertilizer portion of Thailand of MeiZhou,GuangDong city.Ethanol, bromine symclosene are respectively Buy to Dongguan City Yuan Haihua glass Instrument Ltd., Beijing middle peasant Jia Rui company limited.
The pesticide control ditch of embodiment 1~4 is imposed in Fructus Benincasae planting soil, then with thin film covering 8~12 days, wherein Embodiment 3 application of complex microorganism preparations, takes off thin film from then in Fructus Benincasae planting soil after thin film covers 8~12 days Middle administration complex microorganism preparations.Fructus Benincasae planting site is located at Donggnan Banana and Vegetable Institute's Experimental Base, its soil basic nature Shape is:PH 6.09, the content of organic matter is 1.2%, hydrolyzable nitrogen 122.7mg L-1.Assay method reference《Soil agrochemistry divides Analysis method》(2000).Preceding crop is Fructus Benincasae.
Then in soil plant " tabernaemontanus bulrush grinds No. 1 little Fructus Benincasae " Seedling, provided by Donggnan Banana and Vegetable Institute, certainly other The Dongguan of kind is also applied to the present invention.
Mensure project and method:
Sickness rate and protection effect:After Fructus Benincasae is planted 2 months, each sickness rate processing cell Fructus Benincasae epidemic disease of investigation, calculate Each sickness rate processing and relative control effect, and Fig. 1 is made according to survey result.
Sickness rate (%)=(morbidity strain number/investigation total strain number) × 100
Protection effect=(comparison sickness rate-process sickness rate)/comparison sickness rate × 100%.
Soil microorganism measures:Using dilution plate counting method, antibacterial adopts beef-protein medium;Funguses adopt Martin substratum;Actinomycetes adopt Gause I culture medium.The mensure of Fructus Benincasae epidemic disease pathogen (DGYM) adopts Jiang Houchun etc. Culture medium and method that (2011) propose.
Soil sample:After the soil being bonded on Fructus Benincasae plant root being shaken off during off-test, root is weighed, by every 10g Plus the ratio of 90mL sterilized water puts in advance equipped with the triangular flask of bead, then triangular flask is placed on 170r on shaking table Min-1 shakes 20min, and the soil being eluted in sterilized water is rhizosphere soil, for measuring soil microorganism and cause of disease bacterium number The mensure of amount.
Test result:
Fig. 1 illustrates the Fructus Benincasae epidemic prevention and control medicament of embodiment 1~4 control effect to Fructus Benincasae epidemic disease, and result shows, real The Fructus Benincasae epidemic prevention and control medicament applying example 1~4 all can reduce the sickness rate of Fructus Benincasae epidemic disease.Compared with comparison (CK), bromine chlorine isocyanide is urinated The relative control effect of acid+tea bran combination is up to 80.70%, next to that bromine symclosene+Calx+carbon ammonia treatment, relative control effect For 79.30%.
Fig. 2 illustrates the impact to Fructus Benincasae ground soil surface characters quantity of the Fructus Benincasae epidemic prevention and control medicament of embodiment 1~4, knot Fruit shows, the Fructus Benincasae epidemic prevention and control medicament of embodiment 1~4 all can reduce the number of Fructus Benincasae ground soil surface characters (Fructus Benincasae phytophthora) Amount.
Fig. 3 and table 1 below illustrate the Fructus Benincasae epidemic prevention and control medicament of embodiment 1~4 to Fructus Benincasae ground diversity of soil microorganism Impact, result shows, the Fructus Benincasae epidemic prevention and control medicament of embodiment 1~4 all can significantly improve antibacterial and quantity of actinomyces in soil Amount, reduces mycete quantity, improving soil B/F value and A/F value hence it is evident that inhibiting the growth of pathogenic fungi, promoting soil beneficial The enrichment of microorganism, improves the microecological environment of soil.
The impact to Fructus Benincasae ground diversity of soil microorganism for the different Fructus Benincasae epidemic prevention and control medicament of table 1
Compared with prior art, the invention has the advantages that:Fructus Benincasae epidemic prevention and control medicament can suppress disease in soil Opportunistic pathogen, fungus growth, promote antibacterial and unwrapping wire bacteria growing, improve B/F and A/F value, control the diseases such as Fructus Benincasae epidemic disease, Fructus Benincasae droop Evil effect substantially, can directly use aborning.
Above disclosed be only presently preferred embodiments of the present invention, certainly the right of the present invention can not be limited with this Scope, the equivalent variations therefore made according to scope of the present invention patent, still belong to the scope that the present invention is covered.

Claims (10)

1. a kind of pesticide control of Fructus Benincasae epidemic disease is it is characterised in that described pesticide control is applied to soil and the bag of plantation Fructus Benincasae Bromine symclosene and auxiliary agent are included.
2. the pesticide control of Fructus Benincasae epidemic disease according to claim 1 is it is characterised in that described auxiliary agent is tea bran, ethanol, stone At least one in ash and carbon ammonia.
3. the pesticide control of Fructus Benincasae epidemic disease according to claim 1 is it is characterised in that described auxiliary agent is tea bran and described Bromine symclosene is 1 with the mass ratio of described tea bran:280~320.
4. Fructus Benincasae epidemic disease according to claim 1 pesticide control it is characterised in that described auxiliary agent be ethanol, described wine The concentration of essence is 2%~5%, and described ethanol is 700~800 with the mass ratio of described bromine symclosene:1.
5. the pesticide control of Fructus Benincasae epidemic disease according to claim 1 is it is characterised in that described pesticide control also includes being combined Microorganism formulation or EM bacterium.
6. the pesticide control of Fructus Benincasae epidemic disease according to claim 5 is it is characterised in that described pesticide control includes described bromine Symclosene, described auxiliary agent and described complex microorganism preparations, described auxiliary agent is ethanol, the concentration of described ethanol is 2%~ 5%, and described bromine symclosene, described ethanol are 1 with the mass ratio of described complex microorganism preparations:700~800:25~ 35.
7. Fructus Benincasae epidemic disease according to claim 1 pesticide control it is characterised in that described auxiliary agent be Calx and carbon ammonia, And described bromine symclosene, described Calx are 1 with the mass ratio of described carbon ammonia:280~320:130~170.
8. the application process of the pesticide control as described in any one of claim 1~7 is it is characterised in that by described pesticide control Ditch imposes in Fructus Benincasae planting soil, is then covered 8~12 days with thin film.
9. thin film is taken off by application process as claimed in claim 8 it is characterised in that being additionally included in after thin film covers 8~12 days From then administration complex microorganism preparations or EM bacterium in Fructus Benincasae planting soil.
10. application on preventing Fructus Benincasae epidemic disease, Fructus Benincasae droop for the pesticide control as described in any one of claim 1~7.
CN201610769360.7A 2016-08-30 2016-08-30 Medicament for controlling and preventing epidemic diseases of white gourd, and application method and applications thereof Pending CN106376572A (en)

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Citations (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102898252A (en) * 2012-09-24 2013-01-30 华南农业大学 Organic fertilizer, preparation method thereof and method for controlling soil-borne diseases and insect pests

Patent Citations (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102898252A (en) * 2012-09-24 2013-01-30 华南农业大学 Organic fertilizer, preparation method thereof and method for controlling soil-borne diseases and insect pests

Non-Patent Citations (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Title
周晓芬等: "不同施肥措施及EM 菌剂对大棚黄瓜连作障碍的防治效果", 《河北农业科学》 *

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