CN106374817A - Efficient wind-photovoltaic complementary power generation device - Google Patents

Efficient wind-photovoltaic complementary power generation device Download PDF

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Publication number
CN106374817A
CN106374817A CN201611018590.6A CN201611018590A CN106374817A CN 106374817 A CN106374817 A CN 106374817A CN 201611018590 A CN201611018590 A CN 201611018590A CN 106374817 A CN106374817 A CN 106374817A
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China
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power generation
gear
wind
solar panel
bearing
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CN201611018590.6A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN106374817B (en
Inventor
李玲玲
程鹏
陈盛华
叶宝柱
董浩
张国政
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Hebei University of Technology
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Hebei University of Technology
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    • HELECTRICITY
    • H02GENERATION; CONVERSION OR DISTRIBUTION OF ELECTRIC POWER
    • H02SGENERATION OF ELECTRIC POWER BY CONVERSION OF INFRA-RED RADIATION, VISIBLE LIGHT OR ULTRAVIOLET LIGHT, e.g. USING PHOTOVOLTAIC [PV] MODULES
    • H02S10/00PV power plants; Combinations of PV energy systems with other systems for the generation of electric power
    • H02S10/10PV power plants; Combinations of PV energy systems with other systems for the generation of electric power including a supplementary source of electric power, e.g. hybrid diesel-PV energy systems
    • H02S10/12Hybrid wind-PV energy systems
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E10/00Energy generation through renewable energy sources
    • Y02E10/50Photovoltaic [PV] energy

Abstract

The invention relates to an efficient wind-photovoltaic complementary power generation device which is technologically characterized in that the efficient wind-photovoltaic complementary power generation device comprises a control mechanism, a wind power generation device, a photovoltaic power generation device, a charging controller, and a battery pack; the control mechanism is connected with and controls the wind power generation device and the photovoltaic power generation device; the wind power generation device and the photovoltaic power generation device are connected with the battery pack through the charging controller and charge the battery pack; the battery pack is connected with the control mechanism and powers the control mechanism; the wind power generation device and the photovoltaic power generation device are installed side by side in a power generation region; and the wind power generation device consists of a first power generation unit and a second power generation unit which work independently. The photovoltaic power generation device and the wind power generation device are combined effectively, and that the sun always vertically shines on solar cell panels is ensured. The two power generation units are suitable for power generation at different wind speeds, so that the wind energy can be utilized to the largest extent. Therefore, the power generation efficiency of the overall power generation device is improved.

Description

A kind of high efficiency wind and solar compensating generator
Technical field
The invention belongs to distributed generation technology field, especially a kind of high efficiency wind and solar compensating generator.
Background technology
Energy resource consumption and problem of environmental pollution always perplex the key issue of human development, are reply problems, too Positive energy, wind energy equal energy source receive the favor of people.Solar energy, wind energy are inexhaustible, nexhaustible cleanings in nature Regenerative resource.China achieves certain development in distributed power generation field, especially in solar electrical energy generation and wind power generation Aspect, but unfortunately fail to combine both to realize wind light mutual complementing power generation so that the efficiency comparison of generating is low, and existing Some wind-light complementing power generation devices, although also can be simple realize certain complemental power-generation, but in wind power generation part, flabellum It is difficult to ensure that just right with wind direction in real time, device itself can not be adjusted according to the difference of wind speed, waste certain wind Energy;In light power generation part, solar panel generates electricity it cannot be guaranteed that allow sunlight at every moment all vertical to be irradiated to thereon Efficiency is not still very high, while the size of solar panel and solar-cell panel support are fixed structure, is guarantor The support height of card safety, the size of solar panel and solar panel just receives certain restriction, and these all drop The low conversion ratio of electric energy and be not well positioned to meet the needs of society.Therefore, a kind of efficient, safe and reliable wind is invented Light compensation device becomes an extremely urgent task.
Content of the invention
It is an object of the invention to overcoming the deficiencies in the prior art, there is provided a kind of reasonable in design, efficiency high, safe and reliable High efficiency wind and solar compensating generator.
The present invention solves its technical problem and takes technical scheme below to realize:
A kind of high efficiency wind and solar compensating generator, including controlling organization, wind power generation plant, photovoltaic power generation apparatus, charging Controller and accumulator battery, the controlling organization are connected with wind power generation plant and photovoltaic power generation apparatus and which is controlled;The wind Power generation device is connected with accumulator battery by charge controller with photovoltaic power generation apparatus and accumulator is charged;The electric power storage Pond group is connected to which with controlling organization and powers;The wind power generation plant and photovoltaic power generation apparatus are mounted side by side on power generation region Interior;
The wind power generation plant includes the first generator unit for working independently from each other and the second generator unit;Described first Generator unit includes two S type flabellums, three bearings, vertical axises, first base, housing, vertical bar and electromotors, two S types Flabellum at 90 degrees to each other angle and from top to bottom installed in vertical axises upper end, be uniformly fixed with Sunny energy battery on each flabellum Plate, the lower end of the vertical axises are installed on clutch shaft bearing and second bearing respectively, and the shell upper end is connected with clutch shaft bearing, Housing lower end is connected with first base, and second bearing and 3rd bearing are inlaid in first base, and the vertical bar installs the 3rd In bearing, in the vertical bar, be respectively fixed with first gear and the first bevel gear, the first gear be fixed on vertical Second gear on axle is mutually engaged, and the first bevel gear is mutually engaged with the second bevel gear being fixed on electromotor, described Motor is fixed with three first base supports on the pallet in first base below the first base;Described second Generator unit includes four blades, two power transmission shafts, shaft coupling, rzeppa joint, worm screw, connecting plate, connecting rod, fixations Bar, two rotating bars, worm gear, swing arm, p-m rotor and stators;The blade is in 90 degree of distributions and constitutes the second generating list The flabellum of unit is simultaneously connected with rzeppa joint by the first power transmission shaft, and the rzeppa joint adopts fixed pattern, the ball Driven shaft one end of cage type universal joint is connected by shaft coupling and the first power transmission shaft, driving shaft one end of the rzeppa joint It is connected with worm screw by second driving shaft, described worm gear one end is connected with worm screw, and the turbine other end is connected with swing span one end, institute State the swing span other end to be connected with swing arm one end, the swing span is connected with second driving shaft by connecting plate, the pendulum The swing arm other end is fixed with p-m rotor, and the p-m rotor is entered by the reciprocally swinging of swing arm and stator structure collective effect Row generates electricity;
The photovoltaic power generation apparatus include fold mechanism, rotating mechanism, telescoping mechanism, the first hydraulic means, second base Support and second base;The fold mechanism is connected with rotating mechanism, and rotating mechanism is connected with telescoping mechanism, the telescoping mechanism It is fixed in second base, below the second base, is fixed with three second base supports, the first hydraulic means peace It is mounted in the bottom of telescoping mechanism;The fold mechanism includes three pieces of solar panels, solar panel support slot, two wheels Son, two fixtures, two motors, two inwalls, two outer walls, two slideways and circle wheel;First solar panel is fixedly mounted with On solar panel support slot, the outer ledge of the solar panel support slot is respectively equipped with the first slideway and Two slideways, for the folding of the second solar panel and the 3rd solar panel with unfold, the first slideway both sides set respectively Have the first inwall and the first outer wall, the first motor to be placed on the side of the first outer wall, the first motor by the first fixture with 3rd solar panel is connected, and the other end of the first motor is connected with the first wheel and is placed in the first slideway, in first Multiple circle wheels are mounted on wall and the second inwall, and the second slideway both sides are respectively provided with the second inwall and the second outer wall, the second electricity Machine is placed on the side of the second outer wall, and the second motor is connected with the second solar panel by the second fixture, the second electricity The other end of machine is connected with Second wheel and is placed in the second slideway;
The rotating mechanism include the 3rd fixture, half gear, fourth bearing, the 3rd gear motor, the 3rd gear, the 5th Bearing, hydraulic tube, hydraulic stem, the second hydraulic means, transverse supporting rod and horizontal connecting rod;3rd gear motor is installed on the 4th In bearing, fourth bearing is fixedly linked by the 3rd fixture and solar panel support slot, half gear and solar energy Cell panel support slot links together, and in half gear is embedded with 5th bearing, and the horizontal connecting rod is installed in 5th bearing, institute State the 3rd gear to be connected with the 3rd gear motor while being mutually engaged with half gear, the transverse supporting rod two ends are fixed with two the 3rd Thing links together, and the transverse supporting rod lower end is fixedly linked with hydraulic stem, and the hydraulic tube is enclosed within the outside of hydraulic stem and close with which Envelope connection, is equipped with spiral groove upwards, the second hydraulic means peace on the outside of the inner side of the hydraulic tube and hydraulic stem It is mounted in the downside of hydraulic tube.
Further, the telescoping mechanism is three sections of Telescopic rod structures.
Further, a diameter of 1 meter of the S type flabellums in first generator unit;Leaf in second generator unit Leaf length is 5 meters.
Further, first inwall and the first outer wall is highly identical and higher than the second inwall and the second outer wall.
Advantages of the present invention and good effect are:
1st, photovoltaic power generation apparatus and wind power generation plant are effectively combined by the present invention, wherein in photovoltaic power generation apparatus Foldable structure can make solar panel freely stretch, and control the size of contact surface according to weather, meanwhile, by whirler Structure can realize the rotation of the horizontal vertical direction of solar panel, it is ensured that the solar energy moment, vertical irradiation was to solaode On plate;And wind power generation plant includes two groups of generator units, work as low wind speeds, one group of generator unit work, when high wind speed, two Group generator unit is worked simultaneously such that it is able to the full extent using wind energy, improve the generating efficiency of overall TRT.
2nd, in the present invention, the flabellum of the first generator unit of wind power generation plant adopts S type structures, while flabellum is vertically square To marginal portion also into the shape similar to S types, that is, the fan angle for going up part is bent outwardly, the fan angle turning-in of lower part, Two S types flabellums are put in upper-lower position at angle at 90 degrees to each other, can receive the blowing force of wind to greatest extent, and double S types structures make The generating efficiency of wind power generation plant can reach highest.On the whole using vertical axises generation mode, make device more stable Reliable.In addition, the connected gear of the electromotor of the generator unit is bevel gear, the direction of rotation of gear can be changed, thereon two teeth Small one and large one is taken turns, no-load voltage ratio is n, play chronotropic action, i.e. flabellum and rotate a circle, generating function rotation n weeks such that it is able to further Ground improve generating efficiency.
3rd, in the present invention wind power generation plant S type blade structures surface layer overlay solar panel so as to can be Also a part of solar energy can be utilized while carrying out wind-power electricity generation, increases the efficiency for generating electricity.
4th, in the present invention, the second generator unit of wind power generation plant using swing span and swings arm configuration, by blade Rotate and the worm gear being connected with swing span is rotated, the rotating bar in swing span is swung therewith, in swing span Motion under, the swing arm configuration being attached thereto does identical oscillating motion, so that rotor structure cutting magnetic induction in electromotor Line is generated electricity.
5th, in the present invention, the solar panel of photovoltaic power generation apparatus adopts foldable structure, when sunny by solar-electricity Pond plate is opened, and light-receiving area increases, when night or wind than larger when, folded, both ensure that the efficiency of generating, ensured again The stable and safety of device.
6th, in the present invention photovoltaic power generation apparatus rotating mechanism, two and half gears can complete solar panel vertical direction Angle change, hydraulic stem and hydraulic tube are spiral gear structures upwards, can realize that its spiral is transported upwards by hydraulic means Dynamic, it is ensured that the angular transformation of solar panel horizontal direction, ensure that sunlight can locate vertical photograph at any time It is mapped on solar panel so that efficiency is significantly improved.
Description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is the overall structure block diagram of the present invention;
Fig. 2 is the first generator unit structure connection figure of the present invention;
Fig. 3 is the second generator unit structure connection figure of the present invention;
Fig. 4 is the swinging structure schematic diagram of second generator unit of the present invention;
Fig. 5 is the side view of the swing span of second generator unit of the present invention;
Fig. 6 is the magneto structural representation of second generator unit of the present invention
The structure connection figure of photovoltaic power generation apparatus when Fig. 7 is the fold mechanism closure state of the present invention;
The structure connection figure of photovoltaic power generation apparatus when Fig. 8 is the fold mechanism open mode of the present invention;
Fig. 9 is the structure chart of the fold mechanism of the present invention;
Figure 10 is the rotating mechanism structure connection figure of the photovoltaic power generation apparatus of the present invention;
In figure, 1- controlling organizations;2- wind power generation plants;3- photovoltaic power generation apparatus;4- charge controllers;5- accumulator Group;2.1- Sunny energy cell panels;2.2- flabellum;2.3- clutch shaft bearing;2.4- vertical axises;2.5- second bearing;2.6- first Base;2.7- first base supports;The first bevel gears of 2.8-;2.9- 3rd bearing;2.10- vertical bar;2.11- pallet; 2.12- electromotor;2.13- the second bevel gear;2.14- first gear;2.15- second gear;2.16- shell;2.1.1- leaf Piece;2.1.2- the first power transmission shaft;2.1.3- shaft coupling;2.1.4- rzeppa joint;2.2.1- second driving shaft;2.2.2- snail Bar;2.2.3- connecting plate;2.2.4- connecting rod;2.2.5- fix bar;2.2.6- the first rotating bar;2.2.7- the second rotating bar; 2.2.8- worm gear;2.2.9- the 3rd rotating bar;2.3.1- swing arm;2.3.2- p-m rotor;2.3.3- stator;3.1- folding machine Structure;3.2- rotating mechanism;3.3- telescoping mechanism;The first hydraulic means of 3.4-;3.5- second base supports;3.6- second base; 3.1.1- the first solar panel;3.1.2- the second solar panel;3.1.3- the 3rd solar panel;3.1.4- too Positive energy cell panel support slot;3.1.5- the first wheel;3.1.6- the first fixture;3.1.7- the first motor;3.1.8- outside first Wall;3.1.9- the first slideway;3.1.10- the first inwall;3.1.11- the second slideway;3.1.12- the second inwall;3.1.13- second Outer wall;3.1.14- Second wheel;3.1.15- the second fixture;3.1.16- the second motor;3.1.17- circle is taken turns;3.2.1- the 3rd Fixture;3.2.2- half gear;3.2.3- fourth bearing;3.2.4- the 3rd gear motor;3.2.5- the 3rd gear;3.2.6- the Five bearings;3.2.7- hydraulic tube;3.2.8- hydraulic stem;3.2.9- the second hydraulic means;3.2.10- transverse supporting rod;3.2.11- it is horizontal Connecting rod.
Specific embodiment
The embodiment of the present invention is further described below in conjunction with accompanying drawing:
A kind of high efficiency wind and solar compensating generator, as shown in figure 1, send out including controlling organization 1, wind power generation plant 2, photovoltaic Electric installation 3, charge controller 4 and accumulator battery 5.The controlling organization 1 and 3 phase of wind power generation plant 2 and photovoltaic power generation apparatus Even;The wind power generation plant 2 is connected with accumulator battery 5 by charge controller 4 with photovoltaic power generation apparatus 3;The accumulator Group 5 is reversely connected with controlling organization 1, and which is powered in real time;The wind power generation plant and photovoltaic power generation apparatus are each Work independently, be placed side by side on power generation region;The wind power generation plant includes two groups of generator units (the first generator unit and Two generator units), two groups of generator units are worked independently from each other, and are fixed on the ground of power generation region side by side by base.From whole From the point of view of body, the present invention includes three sets of independent power generating devices altogether, and three covering devices be mounted side by side together and with controlling organization 1, fill Electric controller 4 and accumulator battery 5 link together.Below the various pieces of TRT are illustrated respectively:
Described controlling organization 1 is the control module being made up of single-chip microcomputer or DSP, and controlling organization 1 by accumulator battery is Which is powered and realizes the control function to wind power generation plant 2, photovoltaic power generation apparatus 3.
First generator unit of wind power generation plant 2 is applied to low wind speed situation.As shown in Fig. 2 the first generator unit bag Include Sunny energy cell panel 2.1, flabellum 2.2, clutch shaft bearing 2.3, vertical axises 2.4, second bearing 2.5, first base 2.6, One base support 2.7, the first bevel gear 2.8,3rd bearing 2.9, vertical bar 2.10, pallet 2.11, electromotor 2.12, second Bevel gear 2.13, first gear 2.14, second gear 2.15, shell 2.16.The flabellum 2.2 is S-shaped, while flabellum 2.2 Also into the shape similar to S types, that is, the fan angle for going up part is bent outwardly for the marginal portion of vertical direction, and the fan angle of lower part is inwards Bending, in upper-lower position with vertical axises 2.4 fixation put at 90 degrees to each other by angle for two S types flabellums 2.2, wherein, fixed on flabellum 2.2 Sunny energy cell panel 2.1 is installed.The bottom of the vertical axises 2.4 is each passed through clutch shaft bearing 2.3 and second bearing 2.5 simultaneously Fixed thereto connected, 2.16 top of the shell is connected with clutch shaft bearing 2.3, and bottom is connected with first base 2.6, and described second Bearing 2.5 and 3rd bearing 2.9 are embedded in first base 2.6 and fixed thereto, and the vertical bar 2.10 penetrates 3rd bearing In and fixed thereto, be respectively fixed with first gear 2.14 and the first bevel gear 2.8 thereon, the first gear 2.14 with solid The second gear being scheduled on vertical axises 2.4 is mutually engaged, the first bevel gear 2.8 and the second umbrella shape being fixed on electromotor 2.12 Gear is mutually engaged, and the electromotor 2.12 is placed on the pallet 2.11 in first base 2.6, solid below the first base 2.6 Surely there are three first base supports 2.7.
The operation principle of the first generator unit is:This device is installed in the wild, when wind comes, due to double S types flabellums 2.2 Use, not manage-style reach maximum from where to blowing the wind-force that be subject to can flabellum 2.2, through clutch shaft bearing 2.3 and second The reduction rubbing action of bearing 2.5, flabellum 2.2 drive the rotation of vertical axises 2.4, and then the rotation of drive second gear 2.15, First gear 2.14 and the first bevel gear 2.8 and 3rd bearing 2.9 are all fixed in vertical bar 2.10, due to second gear 2.15 are mutually engaged with first gear 2.14, so as to drive the rotation of first gear 2.14 and the first bevel gear 2.8, and first Bevel gear 2.8 is mutually engaged with the second bevel gear 2.13, so as to cause the rotation of electromotor 2.12, finally realizes that wind-force is sent out Electricity.In this device, the size of second gear 2.15 and first gear 2.14 is N, and N is the number more than 1, and effect is exactly, When flabellum 2.2 rotates a circle, electromotor 2.12 can rotate N weeks, serve the effect of speed change;First bevel gear 2.8 and The effect of two bevel gears 2.13 is then to change direction of rotation.
Second generator unit of wind power generation plant 2 is applied to high wind speed situation.As shown in figure 3, the second generator unit bag Include blade 2.1.1, the first power transmission shaft 2.1.2, shaft coupling 2.1.3, rzeppa joint 2.1.4, second driving shaft 2.2.1, snail Bar 2.2.2, connecting plate 2.2.3, connecting rod 2.2.4, fix bar 2.2.5, the first rotating bar 2.2.6, the second rotating bar 2.2.7, Worm gear 2.2.8, swing arm 2.3.1, p-m rotor 2.3.2 and stator 2.3.3.The leptosomic type blade 2.1.1 of four same sizes Constitute flabellum, be distributed between the blade 2.1.1 at 90 degrees to each other, the length of every blade is 5 meters, 4 blades same End be fixed on the first power transmission shaft 2.1.2, wherein, the first power transmission shaft 2.1.2 be L-shaped structure, power transmission shaft another One end is connected with the shaft coupling 2.1.3, the other end of the shaft coupling 2.1.3 and the rzeppa joint 2.1.4 from One section of moving axis is connected, and wherein, the rzeppa joint 2.1.4 adopts fixed pattern, and its driving shaft one end is passed by described second Moving axis 2.2.1 is connected with the worm screw 2.2.2, and the intersection range that driven shaft and driving shaft are allowed is 45 degree, universal so as to pass through The effect of section so that second driving shaft can do the pendulum of ± 45 degree of left and right around the driving shaft of the rzeppa joint 2.1.4 Dynamic motion, and rotated with driving shaft together simultaneously;The worm gear 2.2.8 is intermeshed with the worm screw 2.2.2, its In, the wheel radius of the worm gear 2.2.8 is 25cm, and which is provided with two holes above, be located at respectively worm gear 2.2.8 wheel center and On a side position at distance wheel center 10cm, acted on by the two holes and cause the worm gear 2.2.8 and the swing span phase Even.As shown in Figure 4 and Figure 5, the swing span include fix bar 2.2.5, the first rotating bar 2.2.6, the second rotating bar 2.2.7 with And the 3rd rotating bar 2.2.9, the two ends of the 3rd rotating bar 2.2.9 respectively with first rotating bar 2.2.6 and described Two rotating bars 2.2.7 are connected, and fix bar 2.2.5 is integrally attached on outer wall.Four bars collectively form one approximate three Angular swing span, wherein, in first rotating bar 2.2.6 and the 3rd rotating bar, two connected one end of bar are fixed on jointly On the hole at the worm gear 2.2.8 wheels center, one end that two bars of second rotating bar 2.2.7 and the 3rd rotating bar are connected is common It is fixed on another hole of the worm gear 2.2.8, two in first rotating bar 2.2.6 and second rotating bar 2.2.7 The respective other end of root bar is connected with one end of fix bar 2.2.5 respectively, and two bars can be surrounded and institute State one end that fix bar 2.2.5 is connected to be rotated, in addition, first rotating bar 2.2.6 by the connecting plate 2.2.3 and The second driving shaft 2.2.1 is connected, also, is fixed between the connecting plate 2.2.3 and the second driving shaft 2.2.1 Bearing.Embodiment shown in Fig. 6 shows that the swing arm 2.3.1 other ends are fixed with p-m rotor 2.3.2, the p-m rotor 2.3.2 profile is circular arc, is each fixed with stator 2.3.3 and stator 2.3.4 in the both sides of the p-m rotor 2.3.2, Described two stators are installed above coil, and the p-m rotor 2.3.2 and stator 2.3.3, stator 2.3.4 are together constituted forever Magnetic generator.During swing arm is swung, the p-m rotor 2.3.2 cutting magnetic induction lines cause permanent magnet generator Machine generates electricity.
The operation principle of the second generator unit is:When the blade 2.1.1 is rotated under wind action, described One power transmission shaft 2.1.2 drives the second driving shaft by the shaft coupling 2.1.3 and rzeppa joint 2.1.4 2.2.1 one piece rotates, and then, the worm screw 2.2.2 being connected with the second driving shaft 2.2.1 is common together with worm gear 2.2.8 The second rotating bar with rotating, when the worm gear 2.2.8 is moved, on the hole at distance wheel center 10cm 2.2.7 then begin around wheel central hole to move in a circle with the 3rd rotating bar, during moving in a circle, when on hole When second rotating bar 2.2.7 turns to the close worm screw 2.2.2 sides, in the presence of the 3rd rotating bar, described first turn Right side during lever 2.2.6 starts with fix bar one end as axle towards Fig. 4 is rotated;When the second rotating bar 2.2.7 on hole When turning to away from the worm screw 2.2.2 sides, in the presence of the 3rd rotating bar, first rotating bar 2.2.6 start with Fix bar one end is rotated towards the left side in Fig. 4 for axle;From the point of view of whole structure, when the hole being located at distance wheel center 10cm On the second rotating bar 2.2.7 and the 3rd rotating bar around wheel central hole carried out the circular motion of a week when, described first Rotating bar 2.2.6 accordingly completes the reciprocating rotation process of left and right, and then, the connected connecting plate 2.2.3 is followed The process that swings is carried out simultaneously, the second driving shaft 2.2.1 being connected with the connecting plate 2.2.3 is also carried out identical constant amplitude Move back and forth.The swing arm 2.3.1 is fixed in connecting rod 2.2.4, and individual connecting rod 2.2.4 completes to put jointly Dynamic process.
As shown in fig. 7, photovoltaic power generation apparatus 3 include fold mechanism 3.1, rotating mechanism 3.2, telescoping mechanism 3.3, the first liquid Pressure device 3.4, second base support 3.5 and second base 3.6;The fold mechanism 3.1 is connected with rotating mechanism 3.2, rotation Mechanism 3.2 is connected with telescoping mechanism 3.3, and the telescoping mechanism 3.3 is fixed in second base 3.6, the second base 3.6 Lower section is fixed with three second base supports 3.5, and first hydraulic means 3.4 is placed on the bottom of telescoping mechanism 3.3.Described Telescoping mechanism 3.3 is three sections of expansion links composition, and very well, when sunny, photovoltaic power generation apparatus 3 are in running status to its sealing When, telescoping mechanism is stretched, and three-section telescopic bar is in the presence of the first hydraulic means 3.4 by rotating mechanism 3.2 and folding machine Structure 3.1 is raised, and carries out photovoltaic generation, when wind-force is larger, or during night without sunlight, then stops photovoltaic generation, and three sections are flexible Bar is shunk to reduce the height of 3 entirety of photovoltaic power generation apparatus, plays certain protective effect to device.
As can be seen from figures 8 and 9, the fold mechanism includes the first solar panel 3.1.1, the second solar panel 3.1.2, the 3rd solar panel 3.1.3, solar panel support slot 3.1.4, the first wheel 3.1.5, the first fixture 3.1.6, the first motor 3.1.7, the first outer wall 3.1.8, the first slideway 3.1.9, the first inwall 3.1.10, the second slideway 3.1.11, the second inwall 3.1.12, the second outer wall 3.1.13, Second wheel 3.1.14, the second fixture 3.1.15, the second motor 3.1.16 and circle wheel 3.1.17.The first solar panel 3.1.1 fixed placements are in solar panel support slot 3.1.4 On, the outer ledge of the solar panel support slot 3.1.4 has two groups of slideways, the first slideway 3.1.9 and second to slide respectively Road 3.1.11, is respectively used to the folding of the second solar panel 3.1.2 and the 3rd solar panel 3.1.3 and unfolds, institute State the first slideway 3.1.9 both sides and be respectively the first inwall 3.1.10 and the first outer wall 3.1.8, the first motor 3.1.7 is placed On the side of the first outer wall 3.1.8, wherein the first motor 3.1.7 is by the first fixture 3.1.6 and the 3rd solar panel 3.1.3 it is connected, and the other end of the first motor 3.1.7 is connected with the first wheel 3.1.5 and is just being placed in the first slideway 3.1.9, Several circles wheel 3.1.17, the effect of circle wheel 3.1.17 is fitted with the first inwall 3.1.10 and the second inwall 3.1.12 Exactly reduce solar panel fold and diastole during frictional resistance, the second slideway 3.1.11 both sides are respectively the Two inwall 3.1.12 and the second outer wall 3.1.13, the second motor 3.1.6 are placed on the side of the second outer wall 3.1.13, its In the second motor 3.1.6 be connected with the second solar panel 3.1.2 by the second fixture 3.1.15, and the second motor 3.1.6 The other end be connected with Second wheel 3.1.14 and be just placed in the second slideway 3.1.11, it should be noted that the first inwall and First outer wall highly identical and higher than the second inwall and the second outer wall.
The operation principle of fold mechanism is:When controlling organization 1 receives the signal for opening fold mechanism, controlling organization 1 Two the second motor 3.1.6 move to the second solar panel 3.1.2 of control send and instruct, the second motor 3.1.6 and the Two solar panel 3.1.2 are connected, and by Second wheel 3.1.14 and circle wheel 3.1.17, drive the second solar panel 3.1.2 motion, in the same manner, two the first motor 3.1.7 that controlling organization 1 is moved to the 3rd solar panel 3.1.3 of control Instruction is sent, the first motor 3.1.7 is connected with the 3rd solar panel 3.1.3, by the first wheel 3.1.15 and circle wheel 3.1.17, the motion of the 3rd solar panel 3.1.3 is driven it is achieved thereby that the folding and diastole of solar panel.
As shown in Figure 10, the rotating mechanism of photovoltaic power generation apparatus include the 3rd fixture 3.2.1, half gear 3.2.2, the 4th Bearing 3.2.3, the 3rd gear motor 3.2.4, the 3rd gear 3.2.5,5th bearing 3.2.6, hydraulic tube 3.2.7, hydraulic stem 3.2.8, the second hydraulic means 3.2.9, transverse supporting rod 3.2.10 and horizontal connecting rod 3.2.11.The 3rd gear motor 3.2.4 It is through in fourth bearing 3.2.3, and fourth bearing 3.2.3 is by the 3rd fixture 3.2.1 and solar panel support slot 3.1.4 it is fixedly linked, the half gear 3.2.2 is also fixedly linked with solar panel support slot 3.1.4, in half gear 3.2.2 be embedded with 5th bearing 3.2.6 in, horizontal connecting rod 3.2.11 through 5th bearing 3.2.6 fixed thereto, described the Three gear 3.2.5 are connected with the 3rd gear motor 3.2.4 while being engaged with half gear 3.2.2 phases, the transverse supporting rod 3.2.10 Across two the 3rd fixture 3.2.1 and fixed thereto, it is fixedly linked with hydraulic stem 3.2.8 under which, the hydraulic tube 3.2.7 is enclosed within On the outside of hydraulic stem 3.2.8 and connection is sealed against, the outside of the wherein inner side of hydraulic tube 3.2.7 and hydraulic stem 3.2.8 has Spiral groove upwards, effect are to ensure hydraulic stem 3.2.8 energy screws, realize the angle of solar panel horizontal direction Adjust, the second hydraulic means 3.2.9 is placed on the downside of hydraulic tube 3.2.7.
The operation principle of rotating mechanism is:After controlling organization 1 receives the rotating signal of vertical direction, to the 3rd gear Motor 3.2.4 sends instruction rotates which, the rotation for driving half gear 3.2.2 by the 3rd gear 3.2.5 such that it is able to realize The rotation of fold mechanism 3.1, that is, realize the angle change of solar panel in the vertical direction.Wherein fourth bearing 3.2.3 Effect with 5th bearing 3.2.6 is the frictional resistance for reducing rotary course.When control structure 1 receives the rotation of horizontal direction After rotaring signal, instruction is sent to hydraulic means 3.2.9 so as to which running promotes the ascending motion of hydraulic stem 3.2.8, due to hydraulic stem 3.2.8 there is spiral groove upwards in outside and the inner side of hydraulic tube 3.2.7, and the hydraulic stem 3.2.8 for making is in the process for rising Middle presentation spiral, so as to drive the rotation of the horizontal direction of solar panel, realizes solar panel horizontal direction Light angle change.
Described accumulator battery is commercially available power storage cell, for the electric energy that storage device solar panel is produced, while Sub-fraction electric energy is provided for device.
The present invention overall work principle be:In the 3rd solar panel, sun optical detection device is installed on 31.3, The present invention realizes that using Huygens's electric bridge, when sunlight is irradiated from a direction, Huygens's electric bridge receives luminance signal, and By this signal transmission to controlling organization 1, luminance signal analyzed by controlling organization 1, to the 3rd gear motor of rotating mechanism 3.2 3.2.4 instruction is sent with hydraulic means 3.2.9, and the 3rd gear motor 3.2.4 of rotating mechanism 1 carries out the sunlight of vertical direction and enters The adjustment of firing angle, the hydraulic means 3.2.9 of rotating mechanism 1 carry out the adjustment of horizontal direction solar angle, and both are used in combination, Finally realize that sunlight can at every moment all vertical irradiation realizes photovoltaic generation on solar panel, finally.When wind is from certain When one direction blows and when wind-force is not big enough, due to the use of double S types flabellums 2.2, manage-style can not make fan from where to blowing The wind-force that leaf 2.2 is subject to reaches maximum, and through the reduction rubbing action of clutch shaft bearing 2.3 and second bearing 2.5, flabellum 2.2 drives The rotation of vertical axises 2.4, and then drive the rotation of second gear 2.15, first gear 2.14 and the first bevel gear 2.8 and 3rd bearing 2.9 is all fixed in vertical bar 2.10, as second gear 2.15 is mutually engaged with first gear 2.14, so as to drive First gear 2.14 and the rotation of the first bevel gear 2.8, and the first bevel gear 2.8 is mutually stung with the second bevel gear 2.13 Close, so as to cause the rotation of electromotor 2.12, when wind-force reaches certain speed, the second generating of the wind power generation plant 2 Unit is started working, and the first generator unit realizes wind-power electricity generation jointly.Photovoltaic power generation apparatus 3 and wind power generation plant 2 are through filling Electric controller 4 is stored in electricity in accumulator battery 5.When wind speed is larger or during five sunlight of night, controlling organization 1 is to folding machine Structure 3.1 sends instruction so as to which solar panel is folded up, while sending instruction to telescoping mechanism 3.3 so as to received Contracting, now photovoltaic power generation apparatus 3 do not work, and only carry out wind-power electricity generation, play certain protective effect to device, when sunlight compares When sufficient, then controlling organization 1 sends instruction to fold mechanism 3.1 and telescoping mechanism 3.3, makes solar panel diastole to increase With the contact area of the sun, while raising the height of solar panel, and the Sunny energy cell panel on wind power generation plant 2 2.1 can also carry out photovoltaic generation, and now, wind-power electricity generation and photovoltaic generation are carried out simultaneously.
Components and parts and parts used by the present invention are known to those skilled in the art, can pass through purchase Can buy, mounting means of connected mode and parts between all components and parts etc. is also those skilled in the art institute Well known.The present invention does not address part and is applied to prior art.
It is emphasized that embodiment of the present invention is illustrative, rather than determinate, therefore the present invention is wrapped The embodiment for being not limited to described in specific embodiment is included, every by those skilled in the art's technology according to the present invention scheme The other embodiment for drawing, also belongs to the scope of protection of the invention.

Claims (4)

1. a kind of high efficiency wind and solar compensating generator, controls including controlling organization, wind power generation plant, photovoltaic power generation apparatus, charging Device processed and accumulator battery, it is characterised in that:The controlling organization is connected with wind power generation plant and photovoltaic power generation apparatus and which is controlled System;The wind power generation plant is connected with accumulator battery by charge controller with photovoltaic power generation apparatus and accumulator is filled Electricity;The accumulator battery is connected to which with controlling organization and powers;The wind power generation plant and photovoltaic power generation apparatus are mounted side by side In power generation region;
The wind power generation plant includes the first generator unit for working independently from each other and the second generator unit;Described first generates electricity Unit includes two S type flabellums, three bearings, vertical axises, first base, housing, vertical bar and electromotors, two S type flabellums At 90 degrees to each other angle and from top to bottom installed in vertical axises upper end, be uniformly fixed with Sunny energy cell panel on each flabellum, The lower end of the vertical axises is installed on clutch shaft bearing and second bearing respectively, and the shell upper end is connected with clutch shaft bearing, shell Body lower end is connected with first base, and second bearing and 3rd bearing are inlaid in first base, and the vertical bar installs the 3rd axle In holding, in the vertical bar, be respectively fixed with first gear and the first bevel gear, the first gear be fixed on vertical axises On second gear be mutually engaged, the first bevel gear is mutually engaged with the second bevel gear being fixed on electromotor, the generating Machine is fixed with three first base supports on the pallet in first base below the first base;Described second Electric unit include four blades, two power transmission shafts, shaft coupling, rzeppa joint, worm screw, connecting plate, connecting rod, fix bar, Two rotating bars, worm gear, swing arm, p-m rotor and stators;The blade is in 90 degree of distributions and constitutes the second generator unit Flabellum and be connected with rzeppa joint by the first power transmission shaft, the rzeppa joint adopts fixed pattern, the cage Driven shaft one end of formula universal joint is connected by shaft coupling and the first power transmission shaft, and driving shaft one end of the rzeppa joint leads to Cross second driving shaft to be connected with worm screw, described worm gear one end is connected with worm screw, and the turbine other end is connected with swing span one end, described The swing span other end is connected with swing arm one end, and the swing span is connected with second driving shaft by connecting plate, the swing The arm other end is fixed with p-m rotor, and the p-m rotor is carried out by the reciprocally swinging of swing arm and stator structure collective effect Generate electricity;
The photovoltaic power generation apparatus include fold mechanism, rotating mechanism, telescoping mechanism, the first hydraulic means, second base support And second base;The fold mechanism is connected with rotating mechanism, and rotating mechanism is connected with telescoping mechanism, and the telescoping mechanism is fixed In second base, three second base supports below the second base, are fixed with, first hydraulic means is arranged on The bottom of telescoping mechanism;The fold mechanism include three pieces of solar panels, solar panel support slot, two wheels, Two fixtures, two motors, two inwalls, two outer walls, two slideways and circle wheel;First solar panel is packed in On solar panel support slot, the outer ledge of the solar panel support slot is respectively equipped with the first slideway and second and slides Road, for the folding of the second solar panel and the 3rd solar panel with unfold, the first slideway is respectively provided on two sides with One inwall and the first outer wall, the first motor are placed on the side of the first outer wall, and the first motor passes through the first fixture and the 3rd Solar panel be connected, the other end of the first motor is connected with the first wheel and is placed in the first slideway, the first inwall and Multiple circle wheels are mounted on second inwall, and the second slideway both sides are respectively provided with the second inwall and the second outer wall, and the second motor is put Put on the side of the second outer wall, the second motor is connected with the second solar panel by the second fixture, the second motor The other end is connected with Second wheel and is placed in the second slideway;
The rotating mechanism includes the 3rd fixture, half gear, fourth bearing, the 3rd gear motor, the 3rd gear, the 5th axle Hold, hydraulic tube, hydraulic stem, the second hydraulic means, transverse supporting rod and horizontal connecting rod;3rd gear motor is installed on the 4th axle In holding, fourth bearing is fixedly linked by the 3rd fixture and solar panel support slot, half gear and solar-electricity Pond plate support slot links together, and in half gear is embedded with 5th bearing, and the horizontal connecting rod is installed in 5th bearing, described 3rd gear is connected with the 3rd gear motor while be mutually engaged with half gear, the transverse supporting rod two ends and two the 3rd fixtures Link together, the transverse supporting rod lower end is fixedly linked with hydraulic stem, and the hydraulic tube is enclosed within the outside of hydraulic stem and seals against Connection, is equipped with spiral groove upwards on the outside of the inner side of the hydraulic tube and hydraulic stem, second hydraulic means is installed Downside in hydraulic tube.
2. a kind of high efficiency wind and solar compensating generator according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:The telescoping mechanism is three Section Telescopic rod structure.
3. a kind of high efficiency wind and solar compensating generator according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:First generator unit In a diameter of 1 meter of S type flabellums;Length of blade in second generator unit is 5 meters.
4. a kind of high efficiency wind and solar compensating generator according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:First inwall and One outer wall highly identical and higher than the second inwall and the second outer wall.
CN201611018590.6A 2016-11-18 2016-11-18 A kind of high efficiency wind and solar compensating generator Active CN106374817B (en)

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN113223819A (en) * 2021-04-19 2021-08-06 国网山东省电力公司枣庄供电公司 Current-limiting reactor heat radiation structure

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN201802558U (en) * 2010-08-11 2011-04-20 青岛理工大学 Wind-solar energy supplementary generating system
CN203499129U (en) * 2013-08-02 2014-03-26 徐州大亚自动装备有限公司 Compound solar energy side-hung scuttle
CN203685479U (en) * 2013-12-17 2014-07-02 宋少帅 Novel wind energy and solar energy duplex generator
CN206313702U (en) * 2016-11-18 2017-07-07 河北工业大学 The integrated apparatus of photovoltaic generation and wind-power electricity generation

Patent Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN201802558U (en) * 2010-08-11 2011-04-20 青岛理工大学 Wind-solar energy supplementary generating system
CN203499129U (en) * 2013-08-02 2014-03-26 徐州大亚自动装备有限公司 Compound solar energy side-hung scuttle
CN203685479U (en) * 2013-12-17 2014-07-02 宋少帅 Novel wind energy and solar energy duplex generator
CN206313702U (en) * 2016-11-18 2017-07-07 河北工业大学 The integrated apparatus of photovoltaic generation and wind-power electricity generation

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN113223819A (en) * 2021-04-19 2021-08-06 国网山东省电力公司枣庄供电公司 Current-limiting reactor heat radiation structure

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