CN106359040A - Novel planting method for solving water cracking phenomenon of dendrobium officinale - Google Patents

Novel planting method for solving water cracking phenomenon of dendrobium officinale Download PDF

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Publication number
CN106359040A
CN106359040A CN201610738070.6A CN201610738070A CN106359040A CN 106359040 A CN106359040 A CN 106359040A CN 201610738070 A CN201610738070 A CN 201610738070A CN 106359040 A CN106359040 A CN 106359040A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
herba dendrobii
fertilizer
water
implantation methods
nano
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CN201610738070.6A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
柯镇坤
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Xiamen Tongan Kun Ling Chinese Medicine Planting Professional Cooperatives
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Xiamen Tongan Kun Ling Chinese Medicine Planting Professional Cooperatives
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Priority to CN201610738070.6A priority Critical patent/CN106359040A/en
Publication of CN106359040A publication Critical patent/CN106359040A/en
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G31/00Soilless cultivation, e.g. hydroponics
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G7/00Botany in general
    • A01G7/04Electric or magnetic or acoustic treatment of plants for promoting growth
    • A01G7/045Electric or magnetic or acoustic treatment of plants for promoting growth with electric lighting
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02PCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES IN THE PRODUCTION OR PROCESSING OF GOODS
    • Y02P60/00Technologies relating to agriculture, livestock or agroalimentary industries
    • Y02P60/14Measures for saving energy, e.g. in green houses

Abstract

The embodiment of the invention provides a novel planting method for solving a water cracking phenomenon of dendrobium officinale. The novel planting method comprises: treating the quality of water for irrigating and removing mineral substances which make dendrobium officinale have water cracking phenomenon; carrying out periodic irradiation on dendrobium officinale by adopting plant lamps with the wavelengths of 460-nanometer blue light and 630-nanometer red light; and watering by adopting a combined nutrient formula of a low phosphorus fertilizer, a calcium-magnesium fertilizer, a micro-fertilizer and a seaweed extract organic fertilizer. An experiment shows that at least 50% of the water cracking problem in a planting process of dendrobium officinale can be reduced by adopting a treatment method provided by the invention.

Description

The Novel planting method of water crack in a kind of solution Herba Dendrobii
Technical field
The present embodiments relate to agricultural technology field, solve, particularly to a kind of, the cenospecies that water crack in Herba Dendrobii Plant method.
Background technology
Herba Dendrobii is orchid family herbaceous plant, has following primary efficacy and effect: (1) effect of promoting the production of body fluid: iron sheet stone Dry measure used in former times has the effect of promoting the production of body fluid, and is mainly shown as promotion glandular secretion and internal organs motion;(2) hypoglycemic activity: Herba Dendrobii is to can drop Low streptozotocin induces glycosuria blood glucose value;(3) enhancing human body immunity power: Herba Dendrobii granule (tpsh) can promote tumor animal huge Phagocytal phagocytic function, strengthens the propagation of t lymphocyte and the activity of differentiation and nk cell, and can significantly improve tumor animal Serum hemolysin value, point out tpsh either to non-specific immunity, or specific cellular immunity and body fluid are exempted from Epidemic disease function, all improve effect.
Because dendrobium officinale requires extremely harshness to natural ecological condition, natural propagation rate is again extremely low, early in last Century the eighties, Herba Dendrobii just treasured Endangered Medicinal Herb by what country was classified as focused protection.
At present, after the plantation of 2-3, easily stem's water crack phenomenon in collection period in Herba Dendrobii, and Herba Dendrobii Main pharmacodynamics concentrate on stem, that is, Herba Dendrobii market mainly circulate product be its stem, if occur water crack phenomenon, on the one hand On the one hand water crack part cannot eat, and loses economic worth, easily causes pest and disease damage, causes plant dead, will result in peasant household or The huge economic losses of enterprise.And this phenomenon incidence rate in industry is about 30% at present.
Content of the invention
For solving the above problems, the present invention provides a kind of solution Herba Dendrobii the Novel planting method of water crack, permissible Reduce the problem that water crack occurs in Herba Dendrobii planting process well.
The present invention provides a kind of solution Herba Dendrobii the Novel planting method of water crack, including:
The water quality irrigated is processed, removes the mineral easily making Herba Dendrobii produce water crack in eliminating water;
Using the plant lamp that wavelength is 460 nano blue lights and 630 nano red lights, Herba Dendrobii is entered with line period to irradiate;
Watered using low-phosphorous fertilizer, ca and mg fertilizer, micro- fertile and algae essence fertilizer combination nutrient formula.
Further, wavelength is that in 460 nano blue lights and the plant lamp of 630 nano red lights, HONGGUANG and the color ratio of blue light are 6: 2.
Further, described low-phosphorous fertilizer is 20:10:20 using n, p, k ratio, the absorption efficiency of lifting trace element.
Further, the mineral easily making Herba Dendrobii produce water crack in eliminating water is gone to include strontium, the ph value after water process is not More than 6.5.
Further, the plant lamp being 460 nano blue lights and 630 nano red lights using wavelength is overcast and rainy to Herba Dendrobii The time being irradiated is daily 10 hours.
Further, when being watered using combination nutrient formula, comprising:
Every 7-10 days pouring once low-phosphorous fertilizer, water a ca and mg fertilizer, each two moon pouring once micro- fertilizer every month, fill The amount of irrigating is drenched with ground portion and is advisable, until Herba Dendrobii binds;
After Herba Dendrobii binds, using seaweed organic fertilizer per two weeks spray once, continue 3 months, each spray amount with Stem and leaf is shown in dry being advisable in 2 hours.
Further, described micro- fertile include following Ingredient Wt percentage ratio composition:
Further, the Cortex Pini that the cultivation medium of Herba Dendrobii is more than 10 years for the age of tree.
In natural light, the coloured light particularly green light of the overwhelming majority has no effect for Herba Dendrobii, above-mentioned processing method In, it is 460 nano blue lights and 630 nano red lights using promoting the photosynthetic light of Herba Dendrobii to be respectively wavelength, by HONGGUANG Both ensured the normal growth of Herba Dendrobii with the color ratio of blue light 6:2, its cell wall and phellem layer can also have been increased, controllability had increased By force, thus reducing the probability of Herba Dendrobii water crack.
Additionally, studying for a long period of time through applicant find that in mineral, strontium is be easily caused Herba Dendrobii water crack important former Cause, therefore in mountain spring water process, purifies to water quality, eliminates strontium in mineral, reduces the Herba Dendrobii in planting process The probability of water crack.
And further, poured using low-phosphorous fertilizer, ca and mg fertilizer, micro- fertile and algae essence fertilizer combination nutrient formula Fill so that stipes, diameter lengthen overstriking in Herba Dendrobii planting process, improve the quality of Herba Dendrobii.Root because of Herba Dendrobii is inhaled The function of receiving nutrition is poor, for promoting its growth, persistently replenishes the calcium in trophophase, improves root system fertilizer sucting ability, simultaneously facilitate stem Portion increases, and blade is stout and strong, improves quality and single-strain fresh weight, and good quality, yield are high, also can act as reducing in planting process The effect of the probability of Herba Dendrobii water crack.
Specific embodiment
Purpose, technical scheme and advantage for making the embodiment of the present invention are clearer, below in the embodiment of the present invention Technical scheme is clearly and completely described it is clear that described embodiment a part of embodiment that is the present invention, rather than entirely The embodiment in portion.Based on the embodiment in the present invention, those of ordinary skill in the art are not under the premise of making creative work The every other embodiment being obtained, broadly falls into the scope of protection of the invention.
Embodiment
Applicant adopts following steps to plant Herba Dendrobii, specifically includes:
1st, select Seedling: bottle seedling robust growth, leaf color are normal, long more than the 3cm of root, fleshy stem has 3-4 internode, length to have 4-5 piece Leaf, leaf color is normal, long more than the 3cm of root, has 4-5 bar root it is desirable to root bark color green, the no black root of middle band in vain, no deformity, no makes a variation.
2nd, bottle outlet: during tissue cultured seedling bottle outlet, culture medium is gently taken out together with seedling, be neatly positioned over to be cleaned in basin, Pollution Seedling, bare-root seeding or few root are placed respectively.Normal tissue cultured seedling first cleans culture medium in clear water, is important to wash agar off, In order to avoid agar is mouldy causes rotten, then change clean water once., after above-mentioned cleaning, also needing will be little for naked or few root tissue cultured seedling Seedling root is placed in the abt root-inducing powder of 100mg/l and soaks 15 minutes, to carry out root induction.Pollution Seedling, after over cleaning, is used 1000 times of carbendazim soak whole strain seedling 10 minutes.
3rd, the preparation of substrate: transplanting candidum tissue culturing seedling using the Cortex Pini that cultivation medium is more than 10 years for the age of tree will Select suitable substrate.The root of Herba Dendrobii is aerial root, has significantly aerobic and shallow root, it is therefore desirable to substrate is to dredge Pine is ventilative, draining is good, it is mouldy to be difficult, no pathogenic bacteria, and no insect hides person and is advisable.
4. the selection of cultivation area: Herba Dendrobii happiness warm, foggy, mild wind, cleaning, scattering luminous environment, avoid direct sunlight With tan by the sun.To create conditions during transplanting and create optimal growing environment for Herba Dendrobii.It is most that Herba Dendrobii originates in area It is in temperate zone and subtropical zones, annual warmer climate, moistening, winter temperature is more than -5 DEG C.According to the habit of Herba Dendrobii, The natural causes such as the illumination in place to be considered, temperature, humidity, ventilation.
5th, follow-up Cultivate administration
By good for nursery Herba Dendrobii field planting the medium age of tree be more than 10 years Cortex Pini on after, the irrigation method of employing For:
Every 2000 times of liquid of pouring in 7-10 days low-phosphorous fertile (being 20:10:20 using n, p, k ratio), every month waters 10000 times of liquid calcium fertiliser containing magnesiums, each two moon waters 20000 times of liquid fertilizers, and irrigation volume is drenched with ground portion and is advisable, Every clump of Herba Dendrobii Seedling watering time is about 5 seconds, until Herba Dendrobii binds;After Herba Dendrobii binds, using 2500 times of liquid seas Algae fertilizer per two weeks sprays once, continues 3 months, each spray amount with stem and leaf see in 2 hours dry be advisable, single Herba Dendrobii spray Mist 2 seconds.
Further, described micro- fertilizer includes following Ingredient Wt percentage ratio composition: sulfur 13.00%, boron 1.35%, Chelating state Copper 2.30%, chelated ferrous iron 7.50%, Chelating state manganese 8.00%, molybdenum 0.04%, Chelating state zinc 4.50%.
Before pouring, first the water quality irrigated is processed, go the ore deposit easily making Herba Dendrobii produce water crack in eliminating water Material, specifically includes strontium so that the ph value after water process does not exceed 6.5.
During whole Growth of Dendrobium candidum, overcast and rainy is 460 nano blue lights and the plant of 630 nano red lights using wavelength Thing lamp is irradiated 10 hours to Herba Dendrobii, specially 7 points of morning at 5 points in afternoon.Further, using wavelength it is being When the plant lamp of 460 nano blue lights and 630 nano red lights is irradiated to Herba Dendrobii, HONGGUANG is 6:2 with the color ratio of blue light.
6th, pick and process: harvest before (1) harvesting, annual spring Mo rudiment, cut 3 years life above stem branches during harvesting, stay Tender stem is by its continued growth.(2) processing, because kind is different with commodity medical material, have two methods: 1. most mud is washed in the stem adopted back strain Sand, removes blade and fibrous root, separates single stem strain, puts in 85 DEG C of hot water and scalds l-2 minute, picks up, be spread out in bamboo mat or cement field On be exposed to the sun, shine to 5 one-tenth dry when, go sheath film quality with hand rubbing, then ted, and note often stirring, dry to foot.2. also can will wash to the greatest extent Herba Dendrobii put into scalding 5 minutes in boiling water, pull out and dry, put and be exposed to the sun on bamboo mat, stir 2-3 time daily, shine to body soft when, side Shine side to rub with the hands, repeated multiple times to removing remaining sheath, then shine dry to foot.
Applicant adopts 3 groups of Herba Dendrobii (every group 50 plants) of method plantation and the traditional cultivation method kind of present invention offer 2 groups (every group 50 plants) planting are contrasted.Test period is 3 years, plants all in standard intelligent greenhouse, and result is as shown in table 1.
Table 1
As can be seen from Table 1, the water crack rate maximum that the processing method that the present invention provides occurs is less than 10%, far below mesh The water crack situation of front more than 30%.
Applicant has further done the contrast test removing eliminating water mineral strontium, (every group 40 of wherein 3 groups Herba Dendrobii Strain) it is to remove strontium, 2 groups (every group 40 plants) of matched group are containing strontium.Similarly, test period is 3 years, all in standard intelligence Plant in greenhouse, result is as shown in table 2.
Table 2
As can be seen from Table 2, the water crack rate having the Herba Dendrobii of plantation in the water of strontium is much larger than the water quality kind having eliminated strontium Situation about planting, also demonstrates the important function that the method for treating water of present invention offer plays to minimizing water crack rate further.
Finally it is noted that various embodiments above, only in order to technical scheme to be described, is not intended to limit; Although being described in detail to the present invention with reference to foregoing embodiments, it will be understood by those within the art that: its Still the technical scheme described in foregoing embodiments can be modified, or to wherein some or all of technical characteristic Carry out equivalent;And these modifications or replacement, do not make the essence of appropriate technical solution depart from various embodiments of the present invention skill The scope of art scheme.

Claims (8)

1. the Novel planting method of water crack it is characterised in that including in a kind of Herba Dendrobii that solves:
The water quality irrigated is processed, removes the mineral easily making Herba Dendrobii produce water crack in eliminating water;
Using the plant lamp that wavelength is 460 nano blue lights and 630 nano red lights, Herba Dendrobii is entered with line period to irradiate;
Watered using low-phosphorous fertilizer, ca and mg fertilizer, micro- fertile and algae essence fertilizer combination nutrient formula.
2. implantation methods according to claim 1 are it is characterised in that wavelength is 460 nano blue lights and 630 nano red lights In plant lamp, HONGGUANG and the color ratio of blue light are 6:2.
3. implantation methods according to claim 1 are it is characterised in that described low-phosphorous fertilizer is 20:10 using n, p, k ratio: 20.
4. implantation methods according to claim 1 are it is characterised in that go the ore deposit easily making Herba Dendrobii produce water crack in eliminating water Material includes strontium, and the ph value after water process does not exceed 6.5.
5. implantation methods according to claim 1 it is characterised in that using wavelength be 460 nano blue lights and 630 nanometers red The plant lamp of light is daily 10 hours in the overcast and rainy time that Herba Dendrobii is irradiated.
6. implantation methods according to claim 1 are it is characterised in that when being watered using combination nutrient formula, comprising:
Every 7-10 days pouring once low-phosphorous fertilizer, water a ca and mg fertilizer, each two moon pouring once micro- fertilizer, irrigation volume every month Drenched with ground portion and be advisable, until Herba Dendrobii binds;
After Herba Dendrobii binds, sprayed once using seaweed organic fertilizer per two weeks, continue 3 months, each spray amount is with stem and leaf 2 Dry being advisable is seen in hour.
7. implantation methods according to claim 6 are it is characterised in that described micro- fertilizer includes following Ingredient Wt percentage ratio group Become:
8. the implantation methods according to any one of claim 1-7 are it is characterised in that the cultivation medium of Herba Dendrobii is the age of tree For more than 10 years Cortex Pini.
CN201610738070.6A 2016-08-26 2016-08-26 Novel planting method for solving water cracking phenomenon of dendrobium officinale Pending CN106359040A (en)

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
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Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN1342627A (en) * 2001-10-30 2002-04-03 刘润发 Organic-inorganic mixed multi-element fertilizer in chelate state
CN102726183A (en) * 2012-01-20 2012-10-17 浙江农林大学 Cultivation method for improving polysaccharide content of dendrobium candidum
CN103918536A (en) * 2014-04-30 2014-07-16 成都润惠农业开发有限公司 Planting method for Dendrobium officinale
CN104770179A (en) * 2015-04-21 2015-07-15 李天兰 Cultivation method for Dendrobium officinale
CN104813907A (en) * 2015-04-03 2015-08-05 广西经正科技开发有限责任公司 Method for planting dendrobium officinale in greenhouse
CN105230453A (en) * 2015-08-31 2016-01-13 南京江宁台湾农民创业园发展有限公司 Planting method for dendrobium officinale

Patent Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN1342627A (en) * 2001-10-30 2002-04-03 刘润发 Organic-inorganic mixed multi-element fertilizer in chelate state
CN102726183A (en) * 2012-01-20 2012-10-17 浙江农林大学 Cultivation method for improving polysaccharide content of dendrobium candidum
CN103918536A (en) * 2014-04-30 2014-07-16 成都润惠农业开发有限公司 Planting method for Dendrobium officinale
CN104813907A (en) * 2015-04-03 2015-08-05 广西经正科技开发有限责任公司 Method for planting dendrobium officinale in greenhouse
CN104770179A (en) * 2015-04-21 2015-07-15 李天兰 Cultivation method for Dendrobium officinale
CN105230453A (en) * 2015-08-31 2016-01-13 南京江宁台湾农民创业园发展有限公司 Planting method for dendrobium officinale

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Application publication date: 20170201