CN106358890A - Vaccinium uliginosum cultivation technique - Google Patents

Vaccinium uliginosum cultivation technique Download PDF

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Publication number
CN106358890A
CN106358890A CN201510442318.XA CN201510442318A CN106358890A CN 106358890 A CN106358890 A CN 106358890A CN 201510442318 A CN201510442318 A CN 201510442318A CN 106358890 A CN106358890 A CN 106358890A
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China
Prior art keywords
bog
bilberry
moss
cultivation
bog moss
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Pending
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CN201510442318.XA
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
程向东
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程向东
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Application filed by 程向东 filed Critical 程向东
Priority to CN201510442318.XA priority Critical patent/CN106358890A/en
Publication of CN106358890A publication Critical patent/CN106358890A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Classifications

    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G13/00Protecting plants
    • A01G13/02Protective coverings for plants; Coverings for the ground; Devices for laying-out or removing coverings
    • A01G13/0256Ground coverings
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G17/00Cultivation of hops, vines, fruit trees, or like trees
    • A01G17/005Cultivation methods

Abstract

The invention relates to a method for artificially cultivating vaccinium uliginosum and obtaining a high yield. The method is also applicable to cultivation of blueberries and cranberries, and is a cultivation method for achieving the high yield through intergrowth of sphagnum mosses and the vaccinium uliginosum. The method comprises the following steps: firstly, covering the surface of a soil layer of field planted vaccinium uliginosum by a layer of pine needles, further covering the pine needles by a layer of sphagnum mosses, covering the sphagnum mosses by a sunshade net, tightly attaching the sunshade net to roots of the sphagnum mosses and the vaccinium uliginosum, and performing watering at regular time so as to keep the sphagnum mosses wet all the time, thereby establishing an optimal environment for the vaccinium uliginosum to grow, and increasing the yield of the vaccinium uliginosum.

Description

A kind of bog bilberry cultivation technique
Technical field: the present invention relates to a kind of method of wild bog bilberry intensive culture, and obtain compared with high yield The technology of amount, especially with the cultivation mode of bog bilberry and bog moss symbiosis, produces ecological organic forest Food-bog bilberry, belongs to self-employed tree cultivator field.
Background technology: at present, bog bilberry and blue berry first have in cultivation with Cosan, Folium Pini, sawdust, Soil improvement is done with reference to site preparation by acid compound fertilizer etc., and acid adjustment reaches the requirement of blue berry growth, is using Cosan And during acid compound fertilizer, easily soil is polluted with hardened, and after several years, soil will face acid adjustment again Problem, costly and the needs that wild blueberry (bog bilberry) grows can not be met.Bog bilberry opposite The requirement of long environment is very harsh it is desirable to soil is soft, fertile, moistening, ph value must 4.5-4.8 it Between.Therefore currently without realizing extensive intensive culture bog bilberry.
Content of the invention: the purpose of the present invention be realize can artificial intensive culture bog bilberry, and obtain high yield. Especially with the cultivation mode of bog bilberry and bog moss symbiosis, can high yield, ecology can be obtained no dirty again Organic Forest food of dye, simultaneously this technology can be additionally used in the construction of bog bilberry breeding garden, and later Vaccinium uliginosuml The genetic breeding of Pericarpium Citri tangerinae.The present invention is the cultivation experiments through for many years, sums up a set of artificial intensive culture wild The method of raw bog bilberry.Its cultural method and principle are on the bog bilberry soil layer surface being colonized, first First cover 5-10 centimetre of thick layer, wide 0.5 meter of Folium Pini, then 5 centimetres of thick layer, width are covered on Folium Pini 0.5 meter of bog moss, covers shade net on bog moss, and shade net will be close to the root of bog moss and bog bilberry Portion, and cover bog moss, periodically water.At this moment bog moss is scattered light irradiation under the giving shade of shade net, Keep moistening by periodically watering, growth of can turning green, because bog moss has very strong water absorption and breathes freely Property, and produce stronger humic acidss, when periodically watering, bog moss both can with moisturizing, and acidificable soil, Decomposing Folium Pini, providing good growing environment and required nutrient substance for bog bilberry, thus improving Vaccinium uliginosuml The yield of Pericarpium Citri tangerinae and quality.
The present invention is a kind of method of artificial culture bog bilberry, and is applied to the cultivation of blue berry, mossberry, is With the planting type of bog moss and bog bilberry symbiosis, and obtain the bog bilberry of high yield and high quality, particularly Bog bilberry soil layer surface through field planting, is initially coated with one layer of Folium Pini, then covers one layer of bog moss, in peat Shade net is covered, shade net will be close to the root of bog moss and bog bilberry, periodically water, and make peat on moss Moss remains moistening, to reach the suitable environment of bog bilberry growth.
Its cultivation flow process and control condition are as follows:
First, site preparation applies fertilizer to the subsoil:
Before bog bilberry culturing and planting, first have to plot site preparation is applied fertilizer to the subsoil, mainly apply farm manure (fermentation Good chicken manure), and site preparation does ridge, 50 centimetres of ridge face width.
2nd, nursery stock is chosen and is colonized:
During building well, select triennial bog bilberry Seedling to be cultivated, carrying out by 0.5 × 1 meter of field planting of seeding row spacing Ridge on.
3rd, the modulation of bog moss, Folium Pini:
Standby from drying the good bog moss of dry in the sun, to smash before use and can uniformly be sprinkling upon bed surface On.The dahurian larch Folium Pini that Folium Pini selection parches, standby using front smashing.
4th, cultivation:
Culturing and planting bog bilberry first, on the ridge face being colonized bog bilberry, first layer overlay thickness 5-10 Centimetre Folium Pini, then in 5 centimetres of bog mosses of Folium Pini upper berth thick layer, cover shade net on bog moss.
5th, the technical management after cultivating:
After completing cultivation, to periodically water, make bog moss remain moistening, until seedling overwintering dormancy, with When also to strengthen the tending management such as pruning, weeding work.
The bog bilberry cultivated by above-mentioned cultivation flow process and control condition, not only yield is high, and is free of contamination Ecological Organic food, is of high nutritive value, and this cultural method is also applied for the cultivation of blue berry and mossberry.
Brief description:
Figure a-d is present invention cultivation schematic flow sheet, wherein a bog bilberry nursery stock definite value, and b is good in definite value Nursery stock upper berth Folium Pini, in Folium Pini upper berth bog moss, d is in bog moss upper berth shade net for c.
Reference picture a-d institute arboriculture flow process, carries out enforcement and illustrates.
Specific embodiment:
Implement by following five steps
First, the cultivation definite value of bog bilberry:
Before cultivation, plot is applied fertilizer to the subsoil (chicken manure fermenting), site preparation, do ridge, by seeding row spacing 0.5 × 1 meter of definite value, during cultivation, root system earthing is thick is 15-20 centimetre, must not earthing too thick, because bog bilberry It is shallow root system plant.
2nd, spread Folium Pini:
On the bog bilberry soil layer surface being colonized, be initially coated with 5-10 centimetre of thick layer, wide 0.5 meter Folium Pini, covers ridge face.
3rd, spread bog moss:
The Folium Pini completed covers 5 centimetres of thick layer, wide 0.5 meter of bog moss, spreading uniform.
4th, cover shade net:
Bog moss covers shade net, shade net will be close to the root of bog moss and bog bilberry, and covers Bog moss, every two years changes a shade net.
5th, later stage technical management:
After completing above sport technique segment, to periodically water, make bog moss remain moistening.To carry out simultaneously and remove Grass, the Technical Management Work such as pruning, reach the purpose of high yield.
Cultivate bog bilberry by above-mentioned cultivation technique flow process, it is possible to obtain high yield, ecological free of contamination forest are organic Food.

Claims (4)

1. bog bilberry cultivation technique is a kind of cultivation side to realize high yield with bog moss and bog bilberry symbiosis Method, on the bog bilberry soil layer surface being colonized, covers one layer of Folium Pini first on the face of ridge, then covers one Layer bog moss, covers shade net on bog moss, and shade net will be close to the root of bog moss and bog bilberry, Periodically water, make bog moss remain moistening, reach the suitable environment of bog bilberry growth, improve Vaccinium uliginosuml The yield of Pericarpium Citri tangerinae.
2. honest and sincere Pericarpium Citri tangerinae cultivation technique according to claim 1 is it is characterised in that be layered on above Folium Pini Bog moss under the giving shade of shade net, water through periodically, keep moistening, growth of can turning green, realization The cultivation mode of bog moss and bog bilberry symbiosis, bog moss both can be with moisturizing, and acidificable soil, decomposition Folium Pini, provides good growing environment and required nutrient substance for bog bilberry, thus obtaining high yield, life Organic Forest food of state.
3. honest and sincere Pericarpium Citri tangerinae cultivation technique according to claim 1 or claim 2, the techniqueflow of its feature is as follows:
First, the cultivation definite value of bog bilberry
Before cultivation, plot is applied fertilizer to the subsoil (chicken manure fermenting), site preparation, do ridge, by seeding row spacing 0.5 × 1 meter of definite value, during cultivation, root system earthing is thick is 15-20 centimetre, must not earthing too thick, because bog bilberry It is shallow root system plant:
2nd, spread Folium Pini
On the bog bilberry soil layer surface being colonized, be initially coated with 5-10 centimetre of thick layer, wide 0.5 meter Folium Pini, covering ridge face:
3rd, spread bog moss
The Folium Pini completed covers 5 centimetres of thick layer, wide 0.5 meter of bog moss, spreading uniform:
4th, cover shade net
Bog moss covers shade net, shade net will be close to the root of bog moss and bog bilberry, and covers Live bog moss, every two years change a shade net:
5th, later stage technical management
After completing above sport technique segment, to periodically water, make bog moss remain moistening, will carry out simultaneously and remove Grass, the Technical Management Work such as pruning, to reach the purpose of high yield.
4. according to claim 3 it is characterised in that under bog moss described in bog bilberry cultivation technique Face spreads the Folium Pini of 5-10 centimetre of thick layer, upper cover shade net, periodically waters, until nursery stock dormancy stops Growth.
CN201510442318.XA 2015-07-23 2015-07-23 Vaccinium uliginosum cultivation technique Pending CN106358890A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201510442318.XA CN106358890A (en) 2015-07-23 2015-07-23 Vaccinium uliginosum cultivation technique

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201510442318.XA CN106358890A (en) 2015-07-23 2015-07-23 Vaccinium uliginosum cultivation technique

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN106358890A true CN106358890A (en) 2017-02-01

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Country Status (1)

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CN (1) CN106358890A (en)

Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN107318572A (en) * 2017-07-29 2017-11-07 伊春林业科学院 Recover resources technology using bog bilberry seedling
CN109452061A (en) * 2018-09-20 2019-03-12 伊春林业科学院 The natural bog bilberry fruit-bearing forest even muscle that fractures fosters technology
CN109661960A (en) * 2018-08-24 2019-04-23 伊春林业科学院 A kind of wild bog bilberry spray micro cuttage seedling-raising technique
WO2020234607A1 (en) * 2019-05-22 2020-11-26 Micropropagation Services (E.M.) Limited Methods for cultivating sphagnum

Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101904286A (en) * 2009-06-05 2010-12-08 董文卓 Method for growing blueberry
CN103609441A (en) * 2013-11-11 2014-03-05 大连爱思福农业发展有限公司 Blueberry seedling culturing method
CN103636373A (en) * 2013-11-04 2014-03-19 大连大学 Method for vegetative propagation of vaccinium plants through fresh sphagnum
CN103641597A (en) * 2013-11-22 2014-03-19 大连大学 Special green cultivation soil for planting blueberry and preparation method thereof

Patent Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101904286A (en) * 2009-06-05 2010-12-08 董文卓 Method for growing blueberry
CN103636373A (en) * 2013-11-04 2014-03-19 大连大学 Method for vegetative propagation of vaccinium plants through fresh sphagnum
CN103609441A (en) * 2013-11-11 2014-03-05 大连爱思福农业发展有限公司 Blueberry seedling culturing method
CN103641597A (en) * 2013-11-22 2014-03-19 大连大学 Special green cultivation soil for planting blueberry and preparation method thereof

Non-Patent Citations (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Title
朱学文等: "蓝莓高产栽培技术", 《黑龙江农业科学》 *
王贺新等: "笃斯越橘与落叶松、苔藓的种间关系问题及研究展望", 《东北农业大学学报》 *

Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN107318572A (en) * 2017-07-29 2017-11-07 伊春林业科学院 Recover resources technology using bog bilberry seedling
CN109661960A (en) * 2018-08-24 2019-04-23 伊春林业科学院 A kind of wild bog bilberry spray micro cuttage seedling-raising technique
CN109452061A (en) * 2018-09-20 2019-03-12 伊春林业科学院 The natural bog bilberry fruit-bearing forest even muscle that fractures fosters technology
WO2020234607A1 (en) * 2019-05-22 2020-11-26 Micropropagation Services (E.M.) Limited Methods for cultivating sphagnum

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Application publication date: 20170201