CN106351158B - A kind of dust-collecting type sweeper - Google Patents

A kind of dust-collecting type sweeper Download PDF

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Publication number
CN106351158B
CN106351158B CN201610787826.6A CN201610787826A CN106351158B CN 106351158 B CN106351158 B CN 106351158B CN 201610787826 A CN201610787826 A CN 201610787826A CN 106351158 B CN106351158 B CN 106351158B
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China
Prior art keywords
dust
scraper bowl
collecting type
round brush
dust hood
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CN201610787826.6A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN106351158A (en
Inventor
许金栋
王彪
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Fred Technology (beijing) Co Ltd
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Priority to CN201610787826.6A priority Critical patent/CN106351158B/en
Publication of CN106351158A publication Critical patent/CN106351158A/en
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    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E01CONSTRUCTION OF ROADS, RAILWAYS, OR BRIDGES
    • E01HSTREET CLEANING; CLEANING OF PERMANENT WAYS; CLEANING BEACHES; DISPERSING OR PREVENTING FOG IN GENERAL CLEANING STREET OR RAILWAY FURNITURE OR TUNNEL WALLS
    • E01H1/00Removing undesirable matter from roads or like surfaces, with or without moistening of the surface
    • E01H1/08Pneumatically dislodging or taking-up undesirable matter or small objects; Drying by heat only or by streams of gas; Cleaning by projecting abrasive particles
    • E01H1/0827Dislodging by suction; Mechanical dislodging-cleaning apparatus with independent or dependent exhaust, e.g. dislodging-sweeping machines with independent suction nozzles ; Mechanical loosening devices working under vacuum
    • E01H1/0854Apparatus in which the mechanically dislodged dirt is partially sucked-off, e.g. dislodging- sweeping apparatus with dirt collector in brush housing or dirt container

Abstract

The present invention relates to a kind of dust-collecting type sweepers, belong to cleaning equipment technical field, including scraper bowl and scraper bowl lid, the rear end of the scraper bowl is connected with installation interface, scraper bowl is covered cleans component equipped with round brush, and dust hood is connected with above the scraper bowl lid, and scraper bowl, which is covered, is equipped with mounting groove at the link position with dust hood, filter screen is plugged in the mounting groove, the dust hood is connect by aspiration channel with vehicle vacuum dust pelletizing system.The present invention has the advantages that negative pressure can be formed in sweeper, it can be achieved that the dustless cleaning of light refuse and the larger rubbish of proportion.

Description

A kind of dust-collecting type sweeper
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of dust-collecting type sweepers, belong to cleaning equipment technical field more particularly to mounted on loading machine Or the forward type closing sweeper on sliding loader.
Background technology
At present, common sliding loader closing sweeper mainly has scraper bowl, scraper bowl lid and is covered mounted on scraper bowl Round brush system forms, and wherein scraper bowl forms the babinet of a relative closure with scraper bowl lid.Sliding loader pushes closing sweeper Advance, while round brush rotates under the driving of hydraulic motor, and pavement garbage is swept into scraper bowl, reaches cleaning purpose.It but should Sweeper can bring a large amount of airborne dusts in cleaning works, environmental pollution be caused, especially in the urban district higher to environmental requirement When, the requirement of dustless cleaning can not be met.
Relatively common in existing road sweeper driven using truck, in order to improve cleaning effect, part truck Wind turbine is provided on sweeper, using engine driving blower fan work, generates larger negative pressure value, during cleaning, truck mainly according to The rubbish on ground is siphoned away by negative pressure.Existing truck sweeper mainly clean light refuse, for the larger stone of proportion, Sand etc. can not clean, also, truck sweeper is mainly to apply on the more smooth road surface of municipal administration, waits roads on construction ground Face, the place using effect of steric requirements relative mistake are poor;In addition, existing truck sweeper is siphoned away due to relying primarily on negative pressure Rubbish, the negative pressure value needed is larger, and in order to reach larger negative pressure value, the dust collecting system power on truck is larger, needs An engine is separately provided, power is provided.
Invention content
To solve above technical deficiency, the present invention provides a kind of dust-collecting type sweeper, can in sweeper shape Into negative pressure, it can be achieved that the dustless cleaning of light refuse and the larger rubbish of proportion.
Technical scheme is as follows:A kind of dust-collecting type sweeper, including scraper bowl and scraper bowl lid, the rear end of the scraper bowl Installation interface is connected with, scraper bowl is covered cleans component equipped with round brush, is connected with dust hood above the scraper bowl lid, scraper bowl covers With being equipped with mounting groove at the link position of dust hood, filter screen is plugged in the mounting groove, the dust hood passes through aspiration channel It is connect with vehicle vacuum dust pelletizing system.
Technical scheme of the present invention further includes:The inner peripheral of the mounting groove is equipped with sealing strip.
Technical scheme of the present invention further includes:The filter screen includes framework, and filter layer is fixed in the framework, described The outer periphery of framework is equipped with sealing strip.
Technical scheme of the present invention further includes:The filter layer is using one kind in steel wire, nylon wire, filter cloth.
Technical scheme of the present invention further includes:The dust hood is in taper type.
Technical scheme of the present invention further includes:The dust hood is in truncated cone.
Technical scheme of the present invention further includes:The round brush cleans component and includes round brush, the round brush by roller brush shaft with Motor connects, and the motor is covered mounted on scraper bowl, and the outside of the round brush is equipped with sealing curtain.
Technical scheme of the present invention further includes:The scraper bowl and scraper bowl are covered equipped with adjusting bolt, scraper bowl by axis pin with Scraper bowl lid is hinged, and scraper bowl is by installing interface on sliding loader.
Technical scheme of the present invention further includes:The vehicle vacuum dust pelletizing system includes cyclone separator, the whirlwind point Import from device is connected with aspiration channel, and the outlet one of cyclone separator is connected with wind turbine, and the wind turbine is connected with exhaust duct, whirlwind The outlet two of separator is connected with dust storehouse.
The beneficial effects of the invention are as follows:Installation dust hood is covered in scraper bowl, dust hood is removed by aspiration channel and vehicle vacuum Dirt system is connected, and scraper bowl, scraper bowl lid and dust hood collectively constitute a relatively closed cabinet space, can be inside closing cleans Form negative pressure.During cleaning, component is cleaned by the larger refuse sweeping of proportion into scraper bowl using round brush, utilizes Negative Pressure Dust Collecting System The lightweight airborne dust that round brush is cleaned to component sweeping is sucked in closed cabinet space, and airborne dust can be avoided to drift the pollution brought everywhere The problem of environment, realizes the dustless cleaning of light refuse and the larger rubbish of proportion;Also, it is set between dust hood and scraper bowl lid Filter screen, larger particulate matter are retained by filter screen into scraper bowl, and the smaller airborne dust of particle is entered by filter screen from dust hood Vehicle mounted dust-collecting system, meanwhile, filter screen and scraper bowl lid are designed to connected structure, handling filter screen can be facilitated to be dusted clearly Reason;Further, since Negative Pressure Dust Collecting System only draws lightweight airborne dust, therefore the power that dust collecting system needs is smaller, utilizes itself Hydraulic motor driving can meet job requirement, required power part is few, compact-sized.
Description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is the stereoscopic schematic diagram of the present invention.
Fig. 2 is the schematic front view of the present invention.
Fig. 3 is the schematic side view of the present invention.
Fig. 4 is the schematic rear view of the present invention.
Fig. 5 is the schematic diagram of vehicle vacuum dust collecting system.
In figure:1st, scraper bowl lid, 2, scraper bowl, 3, motor, 4, filter screen, 5, dust hood, 6, aspiration channel, 7, installation interface, 8, Adjusting bolt, 9, round brush, 10, sealing curtain, 11, roller brush shaft, 12, exhaust duct, 13, wind turbine, 14, cyclone separator, 15, Chu Chen Storehouse.
Specific embodiment
Below in conjunction with attached drawing, by embodiment, the invention will be further described.
A kind of dust-collecting type sweeper of the present invention is primarily referred to as the forward type being mounted on loading machine or sliding loader Sweeper is closed, covers installation dust hood in closing sweeper scraper bowl, dust hood passes through aspiration channel and vehicle vacuum dust pelletizing system It is connected, filter screen is set between dust hood and closing sweeper scraper bowl lid, for filtering larger particles rubbish.Close sweeper During cleaning, component is cleaned by the larger refuse sweeping of proportion into scraper bowl using round brush, it is using Negative Pressure Dust Collecting System that round brush is clear The lightweight airborne dust for sweeping component sweeping is sucked in closed cabinet space, and airborne dust can be avoided to drift asking for the pollution environment that brings everywhere Topic realizes the dustless cleaning of light refuse and the larger rubbish of proportion.Wherein bigger particulate matter is retained by filter screen, particle compared with Small airborne dust enters vehicle mounted dust-collecting system eventually by dust hood.
As shown in Figures 1 to 5, a kind of dust-collecting type sweeper of the invention, including scraper bowl 2, scraper bowl lid 1, round brush cleaning group Part, dust hood 5, aspiration channel 6 and installation interface 7.The rear end that interface 7 is mounted on scraper bowl 2 is installed, wherein to clean direction before The reference of rear direction, the dust-collecting type sweeper is by installing interface 7 on sliding loader.
Round brush cleans component and is mounted on scraper bowl lid 1, dust hood 5 is connected in the top of scraper bowl lid 1, dust hood 5 passes through Aspiration channel 6 is connect with vehicle vacuum dust pelletizing system, and filter screen 4 is equipped between scraper bowl lid 1 and dust hood 5, specifically, in scraper bowl With being equipped with mounting groove at the link position of dust hood 5 on lid 1, filter screen 4 is plugged in the mounting groove.Installation is covered in scraper bowl to inhale Dust hood, dust hood are connected by aspiration channel with vehicle vacuum dust pelletizing system, and scraper bowl, scraper bowl lid and dust hood collectively constitute a phase To closed cabinet space, negative pressure can be formed inside closing cleans.During cleaning, component is cleaned using round brush proportion is larger Round brush into scraper bowl, using Negative Pressure Dust Collecting System is cleaned the lightweight airborne dust that component sweeps by refuse sweeping, and to suck closed babinet empty In, it can avoid the problem that airborne dust drifts the pollution environment brought everywhere, realize the dustless of light refuse and the larger rubbish of proportion It cleans;Also, filter screen is set between dust hood and scraper bowl lid, larger particulate matter is retained by filter screen into scraper bowl, The smaller airborne dust of grain enters vehicle mounted dust-collecting system by filter screen from dust hood, meanwhile, filter screen and scraper bowl lid are designed to insert Binding structure can facilitate handling filter screen to be dusted cleaning.
In the embodiment of the present invention, filter screen 4 includes framework, and filter layer is fixed in framework, which uses steel wire One kind in net, nylon wire, filter cloth.The outer periphery of framework be equipped with sealing strip, the sealing effect that can reach, raising negative pressure without The effect that dirt cleans.Further, effect is cleaned in order to improve negative-pressure dust, improves sealing effect, in the inside of mounting groove week While it also is provided with sealing strip.
In the embodiment of the present invention, the design of dust hood 5 can improve air flow effect, can be conducive to larger in taper type The dust of particle flows to scraper bowl, the airborne dust of smaller particle flows to dust hood.Specifically, when dust hood 5 is designed to truncated cone, i.e., During using asymptote transition, the shunting effect of size particles is preferable.
In the embodiment of the present invention, round brush cleans component and includes round brush 9, roller brush shaft 11, motor 3, sealing curtain 10.Scraper bowl 2 It is hinged with scraper bowl lid 1 by axis pin, the position between scraper bowl 2 and scraper bowl lid 1 is adjusted by adjusting bolt 8, and sealing curtain 10 is fixed In the both sides of scraper bowl lid 1 and front end, the obturation effect of cabinet space can be improved, and then improves negative-pressure dust and cleans effect;Motor 3 On scraper bowl lid 1, motor 3 drives round brush 9 to rotate by roller brush shaft 11.
In the embodiment of the present invention, vehicle vacuum dust pelletizing system mainly includes exhaust duct 12, wind turbine 13(Hydraulic motor drives It is dynamic), cyclone separator 14, dust storehouse 15 and aspiration channel 6.During cleaning, lightweight airborne dust enters cyclone separator 14 through aspiration channel 6, The dust isolated is fallen into storage bin 15 by cyclone separator 14, which is equipped with Dump gate, dry after separation Net air is discharged to through exhaust duct 12 in air under the effect of wind turbine 13.Wherein, sliding loader is the hydraulic motor of wind turbine 13 And the hydraulic motor 3 of round brush 9 provides power simultaneously.The hydraulic motor of wind turbine 13 and the hydraulic motor rotary speed for closing sweeper To be adjustable, can best cleaning state be reached according to Operating condition adjustment wind turbine 13 and 3 rotating speed of hydraulic motor of round brush 9.
The above is only presently preferred embodiments of the present invention, and limitation in any form is not done to the present invention, all at this All any modification, equivalent and improvement etc. are done within the spirit and principle of invention, should be included in protection scope of the present invention Within.

Claims (7)

1. a kind of dust-collecting type sweeper, including scraper bowl(2)With scraper bowl lid(1), the scraper bowl(2)Rear end be connected with installation interface (7), scraper bowl lid(1)It is equipped with round brush and cleans component, it is characterised in that:The scraper bowl lid(1)Top be connected with dust hood (5), scraper bowl lid(1)Upper and dust hood(5)Link position at be equipped with mounting groove, be plugged with filter screen in the mounting groove(4), The dust hood(5)Pass through aspiration channel(6)It is connect with vehicle vacuum dust pelletizing system, the vehicle vacuum dust pelletizing system includes whirlwind Separator(14), the cyclone separator(14)Import be connected with aspiration channel(6), cyclone separator(14)Outlet one connect There is wind turbine(13), wind turbine(13)It is directly driven by hydraulic motor, the wind turbine(13)It is connected with exhaust duct(12), cyclone separator (14)Outlet two be connected with dust storehouse(15), the dust hood(5)In taper type.
2. a kind of dust-collecting type sweeper as described in claim 1, it is characterised in that:The inner peripheral of the mounting groove is equipped with close Strip of paper used for sealing.
3. a kind of dust-collecting type sweeper as claimed in claim 2, it is characterised in that:The filter screen(4)It is described including framework Filter layer is fixed in framework, the outer periphery of the framework is equipped with sealing strip.
4. a kind of dust-collecting type sweeper as claimed in claim 3, it is characterised in that:The filter layer is using steel wire, nylon One kind in net, filter cloth.
5. a kind of dust-collecting type sweeper as described in claim 1, it is characterised in that:The dust hood(5)In truncated cone.
6. a kind of dust-collecting type sweeper as described in claim 1, it is characterised in that:The round brush cleans component and includes round brush (9), the round brush(9)Pass through roller brush shaft(11)With motor(3)Connection, the motor(3)Mounted on scraper bowl lid(1)On, it is described Round brush(9)Outside be equipped with sealing curtain(10).
7. a kind of dust-collecting type sweeper as claimed in claim 6, it is characterised in that:The scraper bowl(2)With scraper bowl lid(1)On set There is adjusting bolt(8), scraper bowl(2)Pass through axis pin and scraper bowl lid(1)It is hinged, scraper bowl(2)By installing interface(7)Mounted on sliding On loading machine.
CN201610787826.6A 2016-08-31 2016-08-31 A kind of dust-collecting type sweeper Active CN106351158B (en)

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201610787826.6A CN106351158B (en) 2016-08-31 2016-08-31 A kind of dust-collecting type sweeper

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CN106351158A CN106351158A (en) 2017-01-25
CN106351158B true CN106351158B (en) 2018-06-26

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Families Citing this family (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN107489119A (en) * 2017-09-05 2017-12-19 佛山市鸿尚得科技有限公司 A kind of intelligence receives system

Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN2377281Y (en) * 1999-06-29 2000-05-10 常林股份有限公司 Sweeping device
CN202925501U (en) * 2012-11-07 2013-05-08 中联重科股份有限公司 Suction nozzle for cleaning and cleaning vehicle
CN202945561U (en) * 2012-12-11 2013-05-22 王勇 Loading machine sweeper capable of sprinkling water and cleaning
CN204311385U (en) * 2014-12-08 2015-05-06 徐州徐工特种工程机械有限公司 Closed sweeper on sliding loader

Family Cites Families (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US20080010775A1 (en) * 2006-07-17 2008-01-17 Sweepster Attachments, Llc Rotary broom with vacuum dust control

Patent Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN2377281Y (en) * 1999-06-29 2000-05-10 常林股份有限公司 Sweeping device
CN202925501U (en) * 2012-11-07 2013-05-08 中联重科股份有限公司 Suction nozzle for cleaning and cleaning vehicle
CN202945561U (en) * 2012-12-11 2013-05-22 王勇 Loading machine sweeper capable of sprinkling water and cleaning
CN204311385U (en) * 2014-12-08 2015-05-06 徐州徐工特种工程机械有限公司 Closed sweeper on sliding loader

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Effective date of registration: 20191022

Address after: No. 201, unit 1, building 23, No. 8, Tianzhuang East Road, Tianqiao District, Jinan City, Shandong Province

Patentee after: Xue Feng

Address before: 100027 Beijing City, Dongcheng District, East Gate Street, No. 1, the 11 floor office building 11D 48

Patentee before: Fred Technology (Beijing) Co. Ltd.

TR01 Transfer of patent right