A kind of dust-collecting type sweeper
The present invention relates to a kind of dust-collecting type sweepers, belong to cleaning equipment technical field more particularly to mounted on loading machine
Or the forward type closing sweeper on sliding loader.
At present, common sliding loader closing sweeper mainly has scraper bowl, scraper bowl lid and is covered mounted on scraper bowl
Round brush system forms, and wherein scraper bowl forms the babinet of a relative closure with scraper bowl lid.Sliding loader pushes closing sweeper
Advance, while round brush rotates under the driving of hydraulic motor, and pavement garbage is swept into scraper bowl, reaches cleaning purpose.It but should
Sweeper can bring a large amount of airborne dusts in cleaning works, environmental pollution be caused, especially in the urban district higher to environmental requirement
When, the requirement of dustless cleaning can not be met.
Relatively common in existing road sweeper driven using truck, in order to improve cleaning effect, part truck
Wind turbine is provided on sweeper, using engine driving blower fan work, generates larger negative pressure value, during cleaning, truck mainly according to
The rubbish on ground is siphoned away by negative pressure.Existing truck sweeper mainly clean light refuse, for the larger stone of proportion,
Sand etc. can not clean, also, truck sweeper is mainly to apply on the more smooth road surface of municipal administration, waits roads on construction ground
Face, the place using effect of steric requirements relative mistake are poor；In addition, existing truck sweeper is siphoned away due to relying primarily on negative pressure
Rubbish, the negative pressure value needed is larger, and in order to reach larger negative pressure value, the dust collecting system power on truck is larger, needs
An engine is separately provided, power is provided.
To solve above technical deficiency, the present invention provides a kind of dust-collecting type sweeper, can in sweeper shape
Into negative pressure, it can be achieved that the dustless cleaning of light refuse and the larger rubbish of proportion.
Technical scheme is as follows：A kind of dust-collecting type sweeper, including scraper bowl and scraper bowl lid, the rear end of the scraper bowl
Installation interface is connected with, scraper bowl is covered cleans component equipped with round brush, is connected with dust hood above the scraper bowl lid, scraper bowl covers
With being equipped with mounting groove at the link position of dust hood, filter screen is plugged in the mounting groove, the dust hood passes through aspiration channel
It is connect with vehicle vacuum dust pelletizing system.
Technical scheme of the present invention further includes：The inner peripheral of the mounting groove is equipped with sealing strip.
Technical scheme of the present invention further includes：The filter screen includes framework, and filter layer is fixed in the framework, described
The outer periphery of framework is equipped with sealing strip.
Technical scheme of the present invention further includes：The filter layer is using one kind in steel wire, nylon wire, filter cloth.
Technical scheme of the present invention further includes：The dust hood is in taper type.
Technical scheme of the present invention further includes：The dust hood is in truncated cone.
Technical scheme of the present invention further includes：The round brush cleans component and includes round brush, the round brush by roller brush shaft with
Motor connects, and the motor is covered mounted on scraper bowl, and the outside of the round brush is equipped with sealing curtain.
Technical scheme of the present invention further includes：The scraper bowl and scraper bowl are covered equipped with adjusting bolt, scraper bowl by axis pin with
Scraper bowl lid is hinged, and scraper bowl is by installing interface on sliding loader.
Technical scheme of the present invention further includes：The vehicle vacuum dust pelletizing system includes cyclone separator, the whirlwind point
Import from device is connected with aspiration channel, and the outlet one of cyclone separator is connected with wind turbine, and the wind turbine is connected with exhaust duct, whirlwind
The outlet two of separator is connected with dust storehouse.
The beneficial effects of the invention are as follows：Installation dust hood is covered in scraper bowl, dust hood is removed by aspiration channel and vehicle vacuum
Dirt system is connected, and scraper bowl, scraper bowl lid and dust hood collectively constitute a relatively closed cabinet space, can be inside closing cleans
Form negative pressure.During cleaning, component is cleaned by the larger refuse sweeping of proportion into scraper bowl using round brush, utilizes Negative Pressure Dust Collecting System
The lightweight airborne dust that round brush is cleaned to component sweeping is sucked in closed cabinet space, and airborne dust can be avoided to drift the pollution brought everywhere
The problem of environment, realizes the dustless cleaning of light refuse and the larger rubbish of proportion；Also, it is set between dust hood and scraper bowl lid
Filter screen, larger particulate matter are retained by filter screen into scraper bowl, and the smaller airborne dust of particle is entered by filter screen from dust hood
Vehicle mounted dust-collecting system, meanwhile, filter screen and scraper bowl lid are designed to connected structure, handling filter screen can be facilitated to be dusted clearly
Reason；Further, since Negative Pressure Dust Collecting System only draws lightweight airborne dust, therefore the power that dust collecting system needs is smaller, utilizes itself
Hydraulic motor driving can meet job requirement, required power part is few, compact-sized.
Description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is the stereoscopic schematic diagram of the present invention.
Fig. 2 is the schematic front view of the present invention.
Fig. 3 is the schematic side view of the present invention.
Fig. 4 is the schematic rear view of the present invention.
Fig. 5 is the schematic diagram of vehicle vacuum dust collecting system.
In figure：1st, scraper bowl lid, 2, scraper bowl, 3, motor, 4, filter screen, 5, dust hood, 6, aspiration channel, 7, installation interface, 8,
Adjusting bolt, 9, round brush, 10, sealing curtain, 11, roller brush shaft, 12, exhaust duct, 13, wind turbine, 14, cyclone separator, 15, Chu Chen
Below in conjunction with attached drawing, by embodiment, the invention will be further described.
A kind of dust-collecting type sweeper of the present invention is primarily referred to as the forward type being mounted on loading machine or sliding loader
Sweeper is closed, covers installation dust hood in closing sweeper scraper bowl, dust hood passes through aspiration channel and vehicle vacuum dust pelletizing system
It is connected, filter screen is set between dust hood and closing sweeper scraper bowl lid, for filtering larger particles rubbish.Close sweeper
During cleaning, component is cleaned by the larger refuse sweeping of proportion into scraper bowl using round brush, it is using Negative Pressure Dust Collecting System that round brush is clear
The lightweight airborne dust for sweeping component sweeping is sucked in closed cabinet space, and airborne dust can be avoided to drift asking for the pollution environment that brings everywhere
Topic realizes the dustless cleaning of light refuse and the larger rubbish of proportion.Wherein bigger particulate matter is retained by filter screen, particle compared with
Small airborne dust enters vehicle mounted dust-collecting system eventually by dust hood.
As shown in Figures 1 to 5, a kind of dust-collecting type sweeper of the invention, including scraper bowl 2, scraper bowl lid 1, round brush cleaning group
Part, dust hood 5, aspiration channel 6 and installation interface 7.The rear end that interface 7 is mounted on scraper bowl 2 is installed, wherein to clean direction before
The reference of rear direction, the dust-collecting type sweeper is by installing interface 7 on sliding loader.
Round brush cleans component and is mounted on scraper bowl lid 1, dust hood 5 is connected in the top of scraper bowl lid 1, dust hood 5 passes through
Aspiration channel 6 is connect with vehicle vacuum dust pelletizing system, and filter screen 4 is equipped between scraper bowl lid 1 and dust hood 5, specifically, in scraper bowl
With being equipped with mounting groove at the link position of dust hood 5 on lid 1, filter screen 4 is plugged in the mounting groove.Installation is covered in scraper bowl to inhale
Dust hood, dust hood are connected by aspiration channel with vehicle vacuum dust pelletizing system, and scraper bowl, scraper bowl lid and dust hood collectively constitute a phase
To closed cabinet space, negative pressure can be formed inside closing cleans.During cleaning, component is cleaned using round brush proportion is larger
Round brush into scraper bowl, using Negative Pressure Dust Collecting System is cleaned the lightweight airborne dust that component sweeps by refuse sweeping, and to suck closed babinet empty
In, it can avoid the problem that airborne dust drifts the pollution environment brought everywhere, realize the dustless of light refuse and the larger rubbish of proportion
It cleans；Also, filter screen is set between dust hood and scraper bowl lid, larger particulate matter is retained by filter screen into scraper bowl,
The smaller airborne dust of grain enters vehicle mounted dust-collecting system by filter screen from dust hood, meanwhile, filter screen and scraper bowl lid are designed to insert
Binding structure can facilitate handling filter screen to be dusted cleaning.
In the embodiment of the present invention, filter screen 4 includes framework, and filter layer is fixed in framework, which uses steel wire
One kind in net, nylon wire, filter cloth.The outer periphery of framework be equipped with sealing strip, the sealing effect that can reach, raising negative pressure without
The effect that dirt cleans.Further, effect is cleaned in order to improve negative-pressure dust, improves sealing effect, in the inside of mounting groove week
While it also is provided with sealing strip.
In the embodiment of the present invention, the design of dust hood 5 can improve air flow effect, can be conducive to larger in taper type
The dust of particle flows to scraper bowl, the airborne dust of smaller particle flows to dust hood.Specifically, when dust hood 5 is designed to truncated cone, i.e.,
During using asymptote transition, the shunting effect of size particles is preferable.
In the embodiment of the present invention, round brush cleans component and includes round brush 9, roller brush shaft 11, motor 3, sealing curtain 10.Scraper bowl 2
It is hinged with scraper bowl lid 1 by axis pin, the position between scraper bowl 2 and scraper bowl lid 1 is adjusted by adjusting bolt 8, and sealing curtain 10 is fixed
In the both sides of scraper bowl lid 1 and front end, the obturation effect of cabinet space can be improved, and then improves negative-pressure dust and cleans effect；Motor 3
On scraper bowl lid 1, motor 3 drives round brush 9 to rotate by roller brush shaft 11.
In the embodiment of the present invention, vehicle vacuum dust pelletizing system mainly includes exhaust duct 12, wind turbine 13（Hydraulic motor drives
It is dynamic）, cyclone separator 14, dust storehouse 15 and aspiration channel 6.During cleaning, lightweight airborne dust enters cyclone separator 14 through aspiration channel 6,
The dust isolated is fallen into storage bin 15 by cyclone separator 14, which is equipped with Dump gate, dry after separation
Net air is discharged to through exhaust duct 12 in air under the effect of wind turbine 13.Wherein, sliding loader is the hydraulic motor of wind turbine 13
And the hydraulic motor 3 of round brush 9 provides power simultaneously.The hydraulic motor of wind turbine 13 and the hydraulic motor rotary speed for closing sweeper
To be adjustable, can best cleaning state be reached according to Operating condition adjustment wind turbine 13 and 3 rotating speed of hydraulic motor of round brush 9.
The above is only presently preferred embodiments of the present invention, and limitation in any form is not done to the present invention, all at this
All any modification, equivalent and improvement etc. are done within the spirit and principle of invention, should be included in protection scope of the present invention