CN106348488A - Filtration device for embedded pipes in saline-alkali land - Google Patents

Filtration device for embedded pipes in saline-alkali land Download PDF

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Publication number
CN106348488A
CN106348488A CN201610753262.4A CN201610753262A CN106348488A CN 106348488 A CN106348488 A CN 106348488A CN 201610753262 A CN201610753262 A CN 201610753262A CN 106348488 A CN106348488 A CN 106348488A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
soil
layer
shell
saline
plate
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN201610753262.4A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
王胜
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Shandong Sunway Garden Technology Co Ltd
Original Assignee
Shandong Sunway Garden Technology Co Ltd
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Shandong Sunway Garden Technology Co Ltd filed Critical Shandong Sunway Garden Technology Co Ltd
Priority to CN201610753262.4A priority Critical patent/CN106348488A/en
Publication of CN106348488A publication Critical patent/CN106348488A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Classifications

    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C02TREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02FTREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02F9/00Multistage treatment of water, waste water, or sewage
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C02TREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02FTREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02F1/00Treatment of water, waste water, or sewage
    • C02F1/001Processes for the treatment of water whereby the filtration technique is of importance
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C02TREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02FTREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02F1/00Treatment of water, waste water, or sewage
    • C02F1/28Treatment of water, waste water, or sewage by sorption
    • C02F1/283Treatment of water, waste water, or sewage by sorption using coal, charred products, or inorganic mixtures containing them
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C02TREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02FTREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02F1/00Treatment of water, waste water, or sewage
    • C02F1/44Treatment of water, waste water, or sewage by dialysis, osmosis or reverse osmosis
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C02TREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02FTREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02F1/00Treatment of water, waste water, or sewage
    • C02F1/44Treatment of water, waste water, or sewage by dialysis, osmosis or reverse osmosis
    • C02F1/441Treatment of water, waste water, or sewage by dialysis, osmosis or reverse osmosis by reverse osmosis
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C02TREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02FTREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02F1/00Treatment of water, waste water, or sewage
    • C02F1/66Treatment of water, waste water, or sewage by neutralisation; pH adjustment

Abstract

The invention discloses a filtration device for embedded pipes in saline-alkali land to improve the quality of saline-alkali land, of which the filtration device consist of outer shell. The mud filtration plate is equipped at the top of the outer shell which is connected to the body part through bolts. The water filtration plate is equipped in the inner cavity of the shell with two ends connected with the wall of the inner cavity. The saline and alkaline neutralization system is equipped at the bottom of the water filtration plate. This type filtration device for embedded pipes in saline-alkali land has simple structure and easy to be installed. This filtration method with mud filtration place can filter the soil and mud and prevent the nutrient substance in the soil from flushing away by the water. Set the mud filtration plate in slant to let the mud easily roll down and to avoid blockage due to accumulation, which has effectively solve the blockage of the embedded pipe with weak filtration ability and low efficiency to filter the mud and neutralize saline and alkaline.

Description

A kind of hidden pipe defecator for salt-soda soil
Technical field
The present invention relates to alkaline land improving technical field, the effective defecator of the specially a kind of peace for salt-soda soil.
Background technology
Salt-soda soil refers to the soil that soil contains excess soluble salt, and salt concentration is higher, this kind of soil environment, Can directly form suppression or the soil endangering to plant growing, be due to soil and groundwater saliferous mistake the reason saline Land Height, under strong surface evaporation acts on, underground shallow layer water is transported to earth's surface through capillary tube and is evaporated, and capillary tube is defeated to earth's surface During water, also the salinity in water is taken to earth's surface, after water is evaporated, soil salt is risen by capillarity and gathers In upper soll layer, salinity has been left in earth's surface and ground thin solum, and the salinity of so accumulation is many, does not have enough light again Water dilutes and is drained, and is the formation of the salinization of soil.Saline and alkaline is more than 0.3%, less than 0.8% salt-soda soil is because contain Or salt amount is big idle, or by reluctantly using it is simply that being utilized reluctantly, its yield is also very low, and economic benefit is bad, salt Alkali ground, in the middle of using process, briefly, can be divided into light salt-soda soil, moderate saline-alkali soil and heavy saline.Light salt-soda soil is salt Refer to its emergence rate 70% 80%, its salinity is below 3/1000ths alkali;Heavy saline refers to that its salinity surpasses Cross 6/1000ths, emergence rate is less than 50%;This block middle is exactly that moderate saline-alkali soil ph value is expressed as: slight alkaline land ph value For: 7.1-8.5, moderate saline-alkali soil ph value is: 8.5-9.5, and heavy salinized ground ph value is: more than 9.5, in order to change the salt of soil Alkalescence, beneficial to plant growing, adopts the technology of hidden pipe salt discharge at present in a large number, that is, by being arranged on below the soil layer of salt-soda soil with all Microporous hidden pipe pipe network, containing salt component, introduces hidden pipe, reaches the effect of desalinization of soil by flooding or leaching salt discharge, the value of this technology in soil It is mainly reflected in meaning: the overall transformation of 1 irrigation and drainage mode, can achieve and save land more than 20%, be conducive to excavating cultivated land resource and dive Power, protects farmland;2 are conducive to ground merged block, promote Land Size, mechanization operation;3 this technology are traditional to changing China " bright row bright filling " channel water conservancy is significant to the modern pipeline water conservancy transformation of " dark arrange dark filling ", but current hidden pipe does not have There is the ancillary filter device of specialty, during closed drainage, be susceptible to into water hole plug, or current defecator, Filter effect bad it is impossible to bulky grain soil in effective filter water, cause inlet opening or the hidden pipe channel interior of hidden pipe Blocking, the drainage works of impact hidden pipe.
Content of the invention
It is an object of the invention to provide a kind of hidden pipe defecator for salt-soda soil, to solve above-mentioned background technology The current hidden pipe of middle proposition does not have professional and complete defecator, or existing defecator filter effect is bad, easily causes The problem of hidden pipe blocking.
For achieving the above object, the present invention provides a kind of following technical scheme: hidden pipe defecator for salt-soda soil, Including shell body, the top of described shell body is provided with soil screen plate, and soil screen plate is bolted with shell body, institute The bottom stating shell body is provided with hidden pipe, and the inner chamber of described shell body is provided with water filtration plate, and the left and right two ends of water filtration plate are respectively It is connected with the inner chamber left and right sidewall of shell body, the bottom of described water filtration plate is provided with saline and alkaline neutralization device, described saline and alkaline neutralization dress The left and right two ends put are connected with the inner chamber left and right sides wall of shell body respectively, the intracavity bottom of described shell body uniformly have with secretly The osculum that pipe matches.
Preferably, described soil screen plate and the angle of horizontal plane are 15 degree, and described soil screen plate includes rustless steel Plate, the outer wall of described corrosion resistant plate uniformly has a circular hole, and the intracavity sidewall of described circular hole is uniformly connected with three component dividing plates, three groups One end of described demarcation strip is respectively connected with material holding tank.
Preferably, the inner chamber of described water filtration plate is provided with phragmites communiss layer, and the bottom of described phragmites communiss layer is provided with sand stone layer, described sand The bottom of rock layers is provided with non-woven fabrics filter layer, and the bottom of described non-woven fabrics filter layer is provided with hdpe polyethylene film for earthwork layer, described The bottom of hdpe polyethylene film for earthwork layer is provided with activated carbon adsorption layer.
Preferably, the inner chamber of described saline and alkaline neutralization device is provided with satinite grieshoch, the top of described satinite grieshoch It is uniformly provided with three groups of inlet openings, the bottom of described satinite grieshoch is provided with acetate fiber reverse osmosis membrane filtration layer, described acetic acid The bottom of fibre reverse osmosis membrane filtration layer is provided with apopore.
Preferably, the outer wall of described shell body and soil screen plate is all coated with zinc film.
Preferably, described hidden pipe is pvc tubing or stainless steel pipe.
Compared with prior art, the invention has the beneficial effects as follows: this kind be used for salt-soda soil hidden pipe defecator, setting Rationally, easy for installation, using soil screen plate, soil slag can be filtered out, and can make the nutrient substance in soil will not Washed away by current, soil screen plate slant setting makes soil can easily tumble from soil screen plate, prevents soil mistake Many is deposited on soil screen plate, results in blockage, and using material holding tank and water filtration plate, can filter out micro- in current Little particle, and with for phragmites communiss as filtering material, economical and practical, be easy to find, low cost, non-woven fabrics filter layer and hdpe gather Ethylene geo membrane layers have the advantages that steady quality, appearance dirt are larger, moisture-proof is strong, long service life, economy and durability, can be effectively Remove solid and soft particle, larger granule foreign is trapped within fiber surface, and fine particle is then trapped in filter material deeply In layer, there is very high filter efficiency, the saline and alkaline matter neutralization in current can be played dilution and made using saline and alkaline neutralization device With using acetate fiber reverse osmosis membrane filtration layer, the salinity in moisture being made to smoothly enter in hidden pipe, and makes hidden pipe In salinity be difficult to return in defecator, when flood occurs, it is to avoid the phenomenon of the anti-salt of saline and alkaline matter, totally come Say that this kind of defecator not only can filter soil, prevents soil from blocking, and the saline and alkaline matter in current can be made to obtain To neutralization, when there is flood, anti-salt phenomenon will not occur, solve the defecator of current hidden pipe, strainability is not Well it is impossible to efficiently filter soil and the defect of the saline and alkaline matter of neutralization.
Brief description
Fig. 1 is present configuration schematic diagram;
Fig. 2 is internal structure schematic diagram of the present invention;
Fig. 3 filters plate structure schematic diagram for soil of the present invention;
Fig. 4 is water filtration plate internal structure schematic diagram of the present invention;
Fig. 5 is the present invention saline and alkaline neutralization device internal structure schematic diagram.
In figure: 1 shell body, 2 soil screen plates, 21 corrosion resistant plates, 22 circular holes, 23 demarcation strips, 24 material holding tanks, 3 spiral shells Bolt, 4 hidden pipes, 5 water filtration plates, 51 phragmites communiss layers, 52 sand stone layer, 53 non-woven fabrics filter layers, 54hdpe polyethylene film for earthwork layer, 55 work Property charcoal adsorption layer, 6 saline and alkaline neutralization devices, 61 satinite grieshoch, 62 inlet openings, 63 acetate fiber reverse osmosis membrane filtration layers, 64 Apopore, 7 osculums.
Specific embodiment
Below in conjunction with the accompanying drawing in the embodiment of the present invention, the technical scheme in the embodiment of the present invention is carried out clear, complete Site preparation description is it is clear that described embodiment is only a part of embodiment of the present invention, rather than whole embodiments.It is based on Embodiment in the present invention, it is every other that those of ordinary skill in the art are obtained under the premise of not making creative work Embodiment, broadly falls into the scope of protection of the invention.
Refer to Fig. 1-5, the present invention provides a kind of a kind of technical scheme: hidden pipe defecator for salt-soda soil, bag Include shell body 1, the top of described shell body 1 is provided with soil screen plate 2, and soil screen plate 2 passes through bolt 3 admittedly with shell body 1 Fixed, the bottom of described shell body 1 is provided with hidden pipe 4, and the inner chamber of described shell body 1 is provided with water filtration plate 5, and a left side for water filtration plate 5 Right two ends are connected with the inner chamber left and right sidewall of shell body 1 respectively, and the bottom of described water filtration plate 5 is provided with saline and alkaline neutralization device 6, institute The left and right two ends stating saline and alkaline neutralization device 6 are connected with the inner chamber left and right sides wall of shell body 1 respectively, the inner chamber of described shell body 1 Bottom even has the osculum 7 matching with hidden pipe 4.
Wherein, described soil screen plate 2 and the angle of horizontal plane are 15 degree, and soil screen plate 2 slant setting can make Bulky grain soil in rainwater quickly rolls off from soil screen plate 2, prevents the circular hole 22 on soil screen plate 2 is caused to block up Plug, impact current are discharged, and described soil screen plate 2 includes corrosion resistant plate 21, and the outer wall of described corrosion resistant plate 21 uniformly has circle Hole 22, the intracavity sidewall of described circular hole 22 is uniformly connected with three component dividing plates 23, and described in three groups, one end of demarcation strip 23 is all connected with There is a material holding tank 24, nutrient substance can be deposited in the inside of material holding tank 24, keeps the crop producing power of soil, or deposit and kill Worm agent, effectively kills except the harmful substance in soil, the inner chamber of described water filtration plate 5 is provided with phragmites communiss layer 51, described phragmites communiss layer 51 Bottom is provided with sand stone layer 52, and phragmites communiss layer 51 and sand stone layer 52 can be with the finely ground particle substances in filter water, and phragmites communiss layer 51 and sand Rock layers 52, selection is convenient, cost-effective, can improve saline alkali in soil, the bottom of described sand stone layer 52 is provided with non-woven fabrics mistake Filtering layer 53, the bottom of described non-woven fabrics filter layer 53 is provided with hdpe polyethylene film for earthwork layer 54, non-woven fabrics filter layer 53 and hdpe Polyethylene film for earthwork layer 54 has the advantages that steady quality, appearance dirt are larger, moisture-proof is strong, long service life, economy and durability, can have Solid and soft particle are removed in effect ground, and larger granule foreign is trapped within fiber surface, and fine particle is then trapped in filter In material deep layer, there is very high filter efficiency, the bottom of described hdpe polyethylene film for earthwork layer 54 is provided with activated carbon adsorption layer 55, Granular activated carbon is difficult to flow because of shaping particles, and the impurity such as Organic substance in water is not easy to block in activated carbon filter layer, Its high adsorption capacity, carries replacing conveniently, and the inner chamber of described saline and alkaline neutralization device 6 is provided with satinite grieshoch 61, satinite Grieshoch 61 can neutralize the saline and alkaline matter in water, the salinity in dilution water, prevents from blocking in the duct, described satinite grieshoch 61 Top be uniformly provided with three groups of inlet openings 62, the bottom of described satinite grieshoch 61 is provided with acetate fiber reverse osmosis membrane filtration layer 63, acetate fiber reverse osmosis membrane filtration layer 63 can make the salinity in moisture smoothly enter in hidden pipe 4, and makes hidden pipe 4 In salinity be difficult to return in defecator, when flood occurs, it is to avoid the phenomenon of the anti-salt of saline and alkaline matter, described state vinegar The bottom of sour fibre reverse osmosis membrane filtration layer 63 is provided with apopore 64, and described hidden pipe 4 is pvc tubing or stainless steel pipe, institute State shell body 1 and the outer wall of soil screen plate 2 is all coated with zinc film, zinc film can strengthen shell body 1 and the use of soil screen plate 2 In the life-span, prevent from getting rusty or corrode.
Operation principle: during on rainy day or artificial watering, the water in salt-soda soil, due to the effect of gravity, flows through soil Screen plate 2, bulky grain soil can be filtered by soil screen plate 2, and the nutrient substance retaining in soil will not run off, By soil screen plate 2 slant setting, the bulky grain soil in rainwater can be made to quickly roll off from soil screen plate 2, it is right to prevent Circular hole 22 on soil screen plate 2 results in blockage, and impact current are discharged, and the material holding tank 24 in soil screen plate 2 can be deposited Put nutrient substance, provide nutrition for soil, after soil screen plate 2 filters, current can filter through phragmites communiss layer 51, phragmites communiss layer 51 Little particle soil, and phragmites communiss layer 51 can improve soil, and, through sand stone layer 52, sand stone layer 52 water absorption rate is low for current afterwards, The effect that water small particles are filtered can be played, current neutralize device 6 through saline and alkaline afterwards, through satinite grieshoch 61 Neutralization, satinite grieshoch 61 can neutralize the saline and alkaline matter in water, the salinity in dilution water, prevent from blocking in the duct, enter To in hidden pipe 4, current pass through acetate fiber reverse osmosis membrane filtration layer 63 afterwards, and acetate fiber reverse osmosis membrane filtration layer 63 can make Salinity in moisture smoothly enters in hidden pipe 4, and makes the salinity in hidden pipe 4 be difficult to return in defecator, is sending out During raw flood, it is to avoid the phenomenon of the anti-salt of saline and alkaline matter, current are flowed in hidden pipe 4 by osculum 7, soil screen plate 2 Soil bulky grain can be removed, little particle can be removed by water filtration plate 5, saline and alkaline neutralization device 6 can be by the salt in current Alkali neutralizes, and prevents anti-salt phenomenon, by three kinds of progressive filter types, the various impurity in water can be removed, it is to avoid Blockage phenomenon, the circulation of current in impact hidden pipe 4, this kind is used for the hidden pipe defecator in salt-soda soil, solves tradition Defecator, strainability bad it is impossible to the defect that efficiently filters soil and neutralize saline and alkaline matter.
Although an embodiment of the present invention has been shown and described, for the ordinary skill in the art, permissible Understand and can carry out multiple changes, modification, replacement to these embodiments without departing from the principles and spirit of the present invention And modification, the scope of the present invention be defined by the appended.

Claims (6)

1. a kind of hidden pipe defecator for salt-soda soil, including shell body (1) it is characterised in that: described shell body (1) Top is provided with soil screen plate (2), and soil screen plate (2) passes through bolt (3) with shell body (1) and fixes, described shell body (1) Bottom be provided with hidden pipe (4), the inner chamber of described shell body (1) is provided with water filtration plate (5), and the left and right two ends of water filtration plate (5) It is connected with the inner chamber left and right sidewall of shell body (1) respectively, the bottom of described water filtration plate (5) is provided with saline and alkaline neutralization device (6), institute The left and right two ends stating saline and alkaline neutralization device (6) are connected with the inner chamber left and right sides wall of shell body (1) respectively, described shell body (1) Intracavity bottom uniformly have the osculum (7) matching with hidden pipe (4).
2. a kind of hidden pipe defecator for salt-soda soil according to claim 1 it is characterised in that: described soil mistake Filter plate (2) is 15 degree with the angle of horizontal plane, and described soil screen plate (2) includes corrosion resistant plate (21), described corrosion resistant plate (21) outer wall uniformly has a circular hole (22), and the intracavity sidewall of described circular hole (22) is uniformly connected with three component dividing plates (23), and three The one end organizing described demarcation strip (23) is respectively connected with material holding tank (24).
3. a kind of hidden pipe defecator for salt-soda soil according to claim 1 it is characterised in that: described water filtration The inner chamber of plate (5) is provided with phragmites communiss layer (51), and the bottom of described phragmites communiss layer (51) is provided with sand stone layer (52), described sand stone layer (52) Bottom is provided with non-woven fabrics filter layer (53), and the bottom of described non-woven fabrics filter layer (53) is provided with hdpe polyethylene film for earthwork layer (54), the bottom of described hdpe polyethylene film for earthwork layer (54) is provided with activated carbon adsorption layer (55).
4. a kind of hidden pipe defecator for salt-soda soil according to claim 1 it is characterised in that: described saline and alkaline in It is provided with satinite grieshoch (61) with the inner chamber of device (6), the top of described satinite grieshoch (61) is uniformly provided with three groups and enters Water hole (62), the bottom of described satinite grieshoch (61) is provided with acetate fiber reverse osmosis membrane filtration layer (63), and described acetic acid is fine The bottom of dimension reverse osmosis membrane filtration layer (63) is provided with apopore (64).
5. a kind of hidden pipe defecator for salt-soda soil according to claim 1 it is characterised in that: described shell body And the outer wall of soil screen plate (2) is all coated with zinc film (1).
6. a kind of hidden pipe defecator for salt-soda soil according to claim 1 it is characterised in that: described hidden pipe (4) it is pvc tubing or stainless steel pipe.
CN201610753262.4A 2016-08-29 2016-08-29 Filtration device for embedded pipes in saline-alkali land Pending CN106348488A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201610753262.4A CN106348488A (en) 2016-08-29 2016-08-29 Filtration device for embedded pipes in saline-alkali land

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201610753262.4A CN106348488A (en) 2016-08-29 2016-08-29 Filtration device for embedded pipes in saline-alkali land

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN108093721A (en) * 2017-12-29 2018-06-01 内蒙古蒙草生态环境(集团)股份有限公司 A kind of closed drainage filtrate arranging system and hidden pipe salt reduction take off stain method

Citations (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN202503890U (en) * 2012-04-20 2012-10-31 福建省景观园林建筑发展有限公司 Water and soil improvement system of saline and alkaline land
CN104854995A (en) * 2015-05-13 2015-08-26 潍坊友容实业有限公司 Filter unit for dark pipe for saline-alkali soil
CN204810882U (en) * 2015-07-27 2015-12-02 潍坊友容实业有限公司 Saline and alkaline land water and soil treatment system

Patent Citations (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN202503890U (en) * 2012-04-20 2012-10-31 福建省景观园林建筑发展有限公司 Water and soil improvement system of saline and alkaline land
CN104854995A (en) * 2015-05-13 2015-08-26 潍坊友容实业有限公司 Filter unit for dark pipe for saline-alkali soil
CN204810882U (en) * 2015-07-27 2015-12-02 潍坊友容实业有限公司 Saline and alkaline land water and soil treatment system

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN108093721A (en) * 2017-12-29 2018-06-01 内蒙古蒙草生态环境(集团)股份有限公司 A kind of closed drainage filtrate arranging system and hidden pipe salt reduction take off stain method

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Application publication date: 20170125

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