CN106345594A - Self-screening type drying breaking integrated device - Google Patents

Self-screening type drying breaking integrated device Download PDF

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Publication number
CN106345594A
CN106345594A CN201610958173.3A CN201610958173A CN106345594A CN 106345594 A CN106345594 A CN 106345594A CN 201610958173 A CN201610958173 A CN 201610958173A CN 106345594 A CN106345594 A CN 106345594A
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
dried
screen drum
motor
carrier gas
hot carrier
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN201610958173.3A
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
杜爱勋
王振波
仲理科
李晓宇
赵文斌
刘兆增
孙志谦
朱丽云
徐姗姗
任瑞娟
吴非
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
China University of Petroleum UPC East China
Original Assignee
China University of Petroleum UPC East China
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by China University of Petroleum UPC East China filed Critical China University of Petroleum UPC East China
Priority to CN201610958173.3A priority Critical patent/CN106345594A/en
Publication of CN106345594A publication Critical patent/CN106345594A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C19/00Other disintegrating devices or methods
    • B02C19/22Crushing mills with screw-shaped crushing means
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C21/00Disintegrating plant with or without drying of the material
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C23/00Auxiliary methods or auxiliary devices or accessories specially adapted for crushing or disintegrating not provided for in preceding groups or not specially adapted to apparatus covered by a single preceding group
    • B02C23/08Separating or sorting of material, associated with crushing or disintegrating
    • B02C23/16Separating or sorting of material, associated with crushing or disintegrating with separator defining termination of crushing or disintegrating zone, e.g. screen denying egress of oversize material

Abstract

The invention relates to a drying breaking device and particularly relates to a self-screening type drying breaking integrated device. The device comprises a feeding hole, a shell and a motor A and is characterized in that a wet material enters a cavity from the feeding hole; a screen drum and a spiral breaker are arranged in the cavity; the screen drum is driven by the motor A to rotate at low speed; the material uninterruptedly falls off along with the screen drum, is in contact with hot carried air entering through an air inlet and an air distribution chamberand is dried; the high-humidity hot carried air is drained from an air outlet; the spiral breaker is driven by a motor B to rotate at high speed while keeping impacting the material, so that the material can be broken; the small-grain size material after being broken is further in contact with the hot carried air and is dried and then the dried material is screened through sieve pores in the screen drum and enters into a stock bin; after the material reaches a preset value of upper limit, a discharging gate valve is switched on for discharging the material. The device has a simple structure and is convenient to operate; the drying, breaking and screening processes are organically combined; the process flow is effectively shortened; the hot carried air is utilized to blow off the material attached to the screen drum, so that the sieve pores can be effectively prevented from being blocked.

Description

One kind is dried breakage integrated device from screening type
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of be dried breaker, breakage integrated device is dried particularly to one kind from screening type.
Background technology
With the increasingly raising of China's urbanization, industrialization degree, municipal sludge, industrial sludge particularly oil work Industry greasy filth yield rises year by year.Generally adopt landfill method in the past, but landfill method can take a large amount of soils, and further result in soil The problems such as pollution, water pollution, and most efficient method surely belongs to Technology for Heating Processing.Suitable moisture percentage in sewage sludge, suitable mud Grain particle diameter is significantly saved the energy loss of Technology for Heating Processing, improves process efficiency, so sludge hot before processing need to carry out pre- Break process is dried, prior art often by drying, broken isolate, lead to process loaded down with trivial details, complex operation, cost is relatively High.And the present invention provide one kind breakage integrated device is dried from screening type it is proposed that one kind by drying, crush, be sieving through The new approaches that journey organically combines.
Content of the invention
For solving the problems, such as above-mentioned technology, the invention provides one kind is dried breakage integrated device from screening type. This apparatus structure is simple and convenient to operate, and will be dried, broken, screening process organically combines, and effectively shortens process, profit Blown off the material being attached on screen drum with hot carrier gas, effectively prevent sieve pore blockade.For achieving the above object, the present invention adopts Technical scheme is as follows:
One kind is dried breakage integrated device from screening type, including charging aperture, housing, motor a, motor b;Its feature exists In: wet stock enters into cavity from charging aperture, is provided with screen drum and spiral crushing device in cavity, and motor a drives screen drum low speed rotation, Material constantly leaves with screen drum rotation, and is dried with being fully contacted by the hot carrier gas that air inlet, cloth wind chamber enter, high humidity Spend hot carrier gas to discharge from air vent;Motor b drives spiral crushing device high-speed rotation, does not stop to collide while the rotation of spiral crushing device Material, is allowed to broken, and the small particle material after pulverizing is dried with hot carrier gas further, the mesh screen from screen drum afterwards Under, enter feed bin, after wherein material reaches upper limit set value, discharge gate valve is opened, and carries out discharging.
Further, the screen drum setting in described cavity and the equidirectional rotation of spiral crushing device differential, motor a drives screen drum low Speed rotation, material constantly leaves with screen drum rotation, is fully contacted with hot carrier gas and is dried;Motor b drives spiral crushing device high Speed rotation, does not stop to collide material while the rotation of spiral crushing device, so that material is crushed.
Further, air inlet is passed through in described hot carrier gas, cloth wind chamber enters cavity, is fully contacted with the material being left, It is dried, and hot carrier gas is blown into from side obliquely in cloth air cavity, can effectively blow off the material being attached on screen drum, it is to avoid sieve Hole plug.
Further, the helically formula distribution of the crushing rod on described spiral crushing device, strengthens material horizontal fortune vertically Dynamic, improve the contact probability of the crushing rod on material and spiral crushing device 4, strengthen material shattering process.
Further, described hot carrier gas can be hot-air or high-temperature flue gas, to save energy, improves energy Efficiency, or other high-temperature gases.
Further, described screen cloth suitably can be selected according to the requirement that material crushes particle diameter, makes the material after screening Particle diameter is in claimed range.
Further, when this described device works, general feed inlet end raises 5 ° -10 °, horizontal along axle with strength imparting material Motion, makes material cross direction profiles in cavity evenly, with strength imparting material contact with hot carrier gas, strengthen material drying effect, Improve the contact probability of the crushing rod on material and spiral crushing device 4, strengthen material crushing effect.
The invention has the advantages that
(1) present configuration is simple and convenient to operate, and will be dried, broken, screening process organically combines, and effectively shortens work Skill program.
(2) the hot carrier gas of the present invention is blown into obliquely from side, can effectively blow off the material being attached on screen drum, it is to avoid sieve Hole plug is it is ensured that effectively the carrying out of screening process.
(3) screen drum and the equidirectional rotation of spiral crushing device differential, screen drum low speed rotation in the present invention, material is constantly thrown therewith Fall, and be fully contacted with hot carrier gas and be dried, spiral crushing device high-speed rotation, does not stop to collide material simultaneously, is allowed to broken, powder Small particle material after broken is dried with hot carrier gas further, enhances dry materials effect during broken.
(4) after in the present invention, the material of feed bin reaches upper limit set value, discharge gate valve is opened, and carries out discharging, interval discharging Mode extend material residence time under hot carrier gas atmosphere, further increase degree of drying.
Brief description
The structural representation of Fig. 1: this device;
Fig. 2: a-a direction view;
The top view of Fig. 3: this device.
Symbol description:
1. charging aperture, 2. housing, 3. screen drum, 4. spiral crushing device, 5. cavity, 6. motor a, 7. feed bin, 8. discharge gate valve, 9. motor b, 10. air vent, 11. air inlets, 12. cloth wind chambeies.
In order that technological means, creation characteristic, reached purpose and effect that the present invention realizes are easy to understand, tie below Close accompanying drawing and the present invention is expanded on further.
Specific embodiment
As shown in 1, Fig. 2, Fig. 3, present invention one kind is dried breakage integrated device from screening type, including 1. charging apertures, 2. Housing, 6. motor a, 9. motor b;It is characterized in that: wet stock enters into cavity 5 from charging aperture 1, is provided with screen drum 3 He in cavity 5 Spiral crushing device 4, screen drum 3 drives low speed rotation by motor a6, and material rotates with screen drum 3 and constantly leave, and with by air inlet 11st, the hot carrier gas that cloth wind chamber 12 enters are dried, and the hot carrier gas of high humility is discharged from air vent 10;Spiral crushing device 4 by Motor b9 drive high-speed rotation, simultaneously do not stop collide material, be allowed to broken, the small particle material after pulverizing further with hot carrier gas Contact drying, afterwards under the mesh screen screen drum 3, enters feed bin 7, after wherein material reaches upper limit set value, discharge gate valve 8 Open, carry out discharging.
The screen drum 3 preferably setting in cavity 5 and the equidirectional rotation of spiral crushing device 4 differential, motor a6 drives screen drum 3 low speed Rotation, material is rotated with screen drum 3 and constantly leaves, is fully contacted with hot carrier gas and is dried;Motor b9 drives spiral crushing device 4 high Speed rotation, does not stop to collide material while spiral crushing device 4 rotation, so that material is crushed.
Air inlet 11 is passed through in preferably hot carrier gas, cloth wind chamber 12 enters cavity 5, contacts with the material being left, is done Dry, and hot carrier gas is blown into from side obliquely in cloth air cavity 12, can effectively blow off the material being attached on screen drum 3, it is to avoid sieve aperture Blocking.
The helically formula distribution of crushing rod preferably on spiral crushing device 4, strengthens material transverse movement vertically, improves The contact probability of the crushing rod on material and spiral crushing device 4, strengthens material shattering process.
Preferably hot carrier gas can be hot-air or high-temperature flue gas, to save energy, improves energy efficiency, or It is other high-temperature gases.
Screen cloth preferably on screen drum 3 suitably can be selected according to the requirement that material crushes particle diameter, makes the thing after screening Material particle diameter is in claimed range.
When preferably this device works, general charging aperture 1 end raises 5 ° -10 °, with strength imparting material along the transverse movement of axle, makes Material cross direction profiles in cavity 5 evenly, with strength imparting material contact with hot carrier gas, are strengthened material drying effect, are improved thing The contact probability of the crushing rod on material and spiral crushing device 4, strengthens material crushing effect.
Workflow is:
Wet stock enters into cavity 5 from charging aperture 1, is provided with screen drum 3 and spiral crushing device 4, screen drum 3 and spiral in cavity 5 The equidirectional differential speed rotation of destroyer 4, as shown in Figure 2, screen drum 3 drives low speed rotation by motor a6 to direction of rotation, and material is with sieve Cylinder 3 rotation constantly leaves, and is dried with by the hot carrier gas that air inlet 11, cloth wind chamber 12 enter, and high humility heat carries Gas is discharged from air vent 10;And cloth wind chamber 12 opening is obliquely, hot carrier gas is blown into from side obliquely in cloth air cavity 12, can be effective Blow off the material being attached on screen drum 3, it is to avoid sieve pore blockade, it is ensured that effectively carrying out of screening process, on the other hand also promotes Leaving of material, strengthens the contact of material and hot carrier gas, strengthens drying effect;And the opening of air vent 10 is obliquely, can have Effect avoids the generation of hot carrier gas particle entrainment phenomenon, reduces material and runs damage.Spiral crushing device 4 drives high-speed rotation by motor b9, On spiral crushing device 4 in rotary course, the crushing rod of helically formula distribution does not stop to collide material, by the work of the power such as collision, shearing With being allowed to broken, the small particle material after crushing is dried process with hot carrier gas further;And it is broken on spiral crushing device 4 The spiral distribution of broken bar, enhances material transverse movement vertically, improves the crushing rod on material and spiral crushing device 4 Contact probability, enhance material shattering process.In addition during device work, general charging aperture 1 end raises 5 ° -10 °, strengthens thing Material, along the transverse movement of axle, makes material cross direction profiles in cavity 5 evenly, strengthen the contact of material and hot carrier gas, strengthening Dry materials effects, improve the contact probability of the crushing rod on material and spiral crushing device 4, enhance material and crush effect Really.After being fully dried and crushing, particle diameter is less than the material particles of sieve aperture from screen drum 3 sieve, enters feed bin 7, with above-mentioned mistake The carrying out of journey, in feed bin 7, material gradually increases, and after reaching upper limit set value, discharge gate valve 8 is opened, and carries out discharging, and interval is unloaded The mode of material extends material residence time under hot carrier gas atmosphere, further increases dry materials degree.
It is further described with reference to specific embodiment.
, from entering into cavity 5 from charging aperture 1, the screen drum 3 in cavity 5 and spiral crushing device 4 are same for bulky grain greasy filth to be dried Direction differential speed rotation, as shown in Figure 2, motor a6 drives screen drum 3 low speed rotation to direction of rotation, and greasy filth granule rotates with screen drum 3 Constantly leave, and be dried with by the hot carrier gas that air inlet 11, cloth wind chamber 12 enter, the hot carrier gas of high humility is from aerofluxuss Mouth 10 discharge;Hot carrier gas is blown into from side obliquely in cloth air cavity 12, and on the one hand blow off the greasy filth granule being attached on screen drum 3, Avoid sieve pore blockade it is ensured that effectively the carrying out of screening process, the opposing party's fever sensation of the face carrier gas stream also promotes leaving of greasy filth granule, plus The strong contact with hot carrier gas for the greasy filth granule, enhancing drying effect;And the opening of air vent 10 is obliquely, heat load can be prevented effectively from Aerated particle carries the generation of phenomenon secretly, reduces greasy filth granule and runs damage.Spiral crushing device 4 drives high-speed rotation by motor b9, rotates through On spiral crushing device 4 in journey, the crushing rod of helically formula distribution does not stop to collide greasy filth granule, by the effect of the power such as collision, shearing It is allowed to broken, the small particle greasy filth granule after crushing is dried with hot carrier gas further.After being fully dried and crushing, Particle diameter is less than the greasy filth granule of sieve aperture from screen drum 3 sieve, enters feed bin 7, with the carrying out of said process, greasy filth in feed bin 7 Grain gradually increases, and after reaching upper limit set value, discharge gate valve 8 is opened, and carries out discharging.
Ultimate principle, principal character and the advantages of the present invention of the present invention have been shown and described above.The present invention is not subject to State the restriction of embodiment, merely illustrating the principles of the invention, without departing from the present invention described in above-described embodiment and description On the premise of spirit and scope, the present invention also has various changes and modifications, and these changes and improvements both fall within claimed basis In invention scope.Claimed scope is defined by appending claims and its equivalent.

Claims (7)

1. one kind is dried breakage integrated device from screening type, including charging aperture (1), housing (2), motor a (6), motor b (9); It is characterized in that: wet stock enters into cavity (5) from charging aperture (1), is provided with screen drum (3) and spiral crushing device in cavity (5) (4), screen drum (3) by motor a (6) drive low speed rotation, material with screen drum (3) rotation constantly leave, and with by air inlet (11), the hot carrier gas that cloth wind chamber (12) enter are dried, and the hot carrier gas of high humility is discharged from air vent (10);Spiral crushing Device (4) drives high-speed rotation by motor b (9), does not stop to collide material simultaneously, is allowed to broken, the small particle material after pulverizing enters one Step is dried with hot carrier gas, afterwards under the mesh screen screen drum (3), enters feed bin (7), wherein material reaches the upper limit and sets After value, discharge gate valve (8) is opened, and carries out discharging.
2. according to claim 1 a kind of breakage integrated device is dried from screening type it is characterised in that: in cavity (5) If screen drum (3) and spiral crushing device (4) differential rotating Vortex, motor a (6) drive screen drum (3) low speed rotation, motor b (9) carry The high-speed rotation of dynamic spiral crushing device (4).
3. according to claim 1 a kind of breakage integrated device is dried from screening type it is characterised in that: hot carrier gas is passed through Air inlet (11), cloth wind chamber (12) enter cavity (5), contact with material, are dried, and hot carrier gas can effectively be blown off and is attached to Material on screen drum (3), it is to avoid sieve pore blockade.
4. according to claim 1 a kind of breakage integrated device is dried from screening type it is characterised in that: spiral crushing device (4) the helically formula distribution of the crushing rod on.
5. according to claim 1 a kind of breakage integrated device is dried from screening type it is characterised in that: hot carrier gas is permissible It is hot-air or high-temperature flue gas, or other high-temperature gases.
6. according to claim 1 a kind of breakage integrated device is dried from screening type it is characterised in that: on screen drum (3) Screen cloth can according to material crush particle diameter requirement suitably be selected.
7. according to claim 1 a kind of breakage integrated device is dried from screening type it is characterised in that: the work of this device When general charging aperture (1) end raise 5 ° -10 °.
CN201610958173.3A 2016-11-03 2016-11-03 Self-screening type drying breaking integrated device Pending CN106345594A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201610958173.3A CN106345594A (en) 2016-11-03 2016-11-03 Self-screening type drying breaking integrated device

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201610958173.3A CN106345594A (en) 2016-11-03 2016-11-03 Self-screening type drying breaking integrated device

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN106345594A true CN106345594A (en) 2017-01-25

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN107051629A (en) * 2017-06-09 2017-08-18 河南益和源饮品有限公司 A kind of drum-type fruit breaker

Citations (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US4544102A (en) * 1982-04-09 1985-10-01 Penn Virginia Corporation Differential rate screening
CN102620546A (en) * 2012-03-31 2012-08-01 山东天力干燥股份有限公司 Biomass crushing rotary drum type drier
CN203922962U (en) * 2014-05-30 2014-11-05 泰州明锋资源再生科技有限公司 The two-way drying plant of convenient screening mud
CN204412599U (en) * 2014-12-25 2015-06-24 重庆凯锐农业发展有限责任公司 The broken sieve all-in-one of earth
CN104959299A (en) * 2015-06-11 2015-10-07 福建师范大学 Two-stage roller screening device
CN204746800U (en) * 2015-07-20 2015-11-11 营口远东科技有限公司 Chemical fertilizer and coal processing use cylinder screening machine
CN204953052U (en) * 2015-09-23 2016-01-13 俞良 Horizontal dry tea rubbing crusher
CN206184580U (en) * 2016-11-03 2017-05-24 中国石油大学(华东) From dry broken integrated device of screening formula

Patent Citations (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US4544102A (en) * 1982-04-09 1985-10-01 Penn Virginia Corporation Differential rate screening
CN102620546A (en) * 2012-03-31 2012-08-01 山东天力干燥股份有限公司 Biomass crushing rotary drum type drier
CN203922962U (en) * 2014-05-30 2014-11-05 泰州明锋资源再生科技有限公司 The two-way drying plant of convenient screening mud
CN204412599U (en) * 2014-12-25 2015-06-24 重庆凯锐农业发展有限责任公司 The broken sieve all-in-one of earth
CN104959299A (en) * 2015-06-11 2015-10-07 福建师范大学 Two-stage roller screening device
CN204746800U (en) * 2015-07-20 2015-11-11 营口远东科技有限公司 Chemical fertilizer and coal processing use cylinder screening machine
CN204953052U (en) * 2015-09-23 2016-01-13 俞良 Horizontal dry tea rubbing crusher
CN206184580U (en) * 2016-11-03 2017-05-24 中国石油大学(华东) From dry broken integrated device of screening formula

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN107051629A (en) * 2017-06-09 2017-08-18 河南益和源饮品有限公司 A kind of drum-type fruit breaker

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Application publication date: 20170125

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