CN106345568B - A kind of solid waste and house refuse pipeline transportation hammer cut type crushing device into shape - Google Patents

A kind of solid waste and house refuse pipeline transportation hammer cut type crushing device into shape Download PDF

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Publication number
CN106345568B
CN106345568B CN201610896508.3A CN201610896508A CN106345568B CN 106345568 B CN106345568 B CN 106345568B CN 201610896508 A CN201610896508 A CN 201610896508A CN 106345568 B CN106345568 B CN 106345568B
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
hammer
crushing
broken
rubbish
tup
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Active
Application number
CN201610896508.3A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN106345568A (en
Inventor
张子宇
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Zhejiang yishuntong Technology Co., Ltd
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Chengdu Ishuntong Environmental Protection Technology Co Ltd
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Priority to CN201610307934.9A priority Critical patent/CN105921217A/en
Priority to CN2016103079349 priority
Application filed by Chengdu Ishuntong Environmental Protection Technology Co Ltd filed Critical Chengdu Ishuntong Environmental Protection Technology Co Ltd
Publication of CN106345568A publication Critical patent/CN106345568A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN106345568B publication Critical patent/CN106345568B/en
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Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C13/00Disintegrating by mills having rotary beater elements ; Hammer mills
    • B02C13/02Disintegrating by mills having rotary beater elements ; Hammer mills with horizontal rotor shaft
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C13/00Disintegrating by mills having rotary beater elements ; Hammer mills
    • B02C13/26Details
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C13/00Disintegrating by mills having rotary beater elements ; Hammer mills
    • B02C13/26Details
    • B02C13/286Feeding or discharge
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B03SEPARATION OF SOLID MATERIALS USING LIQUIDS OR USING PNEUMATIC TABLES OR JIGS; MAGNETIC OR ELECTROSTATIC SEPARATION OF SOLID MATERIALS FROM SOLID MATERIALS OR FLUIDS; SEPARATION BY HIGH-VOLTAGE ELECTRIC FIELDS
    • B03CMAGNETIC OR ELECTROSTATIC SEPARATION OF SOLID MATERIALS FROM SOLID MATERIALS OR FLUIDS; SEPARATION BY HIGH-VOLTAGE ELECTRIC FIELDS
    • B03C1/00Magnetic separation
    • B03C1/02Magnetic separation acting directly on the substance being separated
    • B03C1/30Combinations with other devices, not otherwise provided for
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C13/00Disintegrating by mills having rotary beater elements ; Hammer mills
    • B02C13/26Details
    • B02C13/286Feeding or discharge
    • B02C2013/28609Discharge means
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C13/00Disintegrating by mills having rotary beater elements ; Hammer mills
    • B02C13/26Details
    • B02C13/286Feeding or discharge
    • B02C2013/28618Feeding means
    • B02C2013/28672Feed chute arrangements
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C2201/00Codes relating to disintegrating devices adapted for specific materials
    • B02C2201/06Codes relating to disintegrating devices adapted for specific materials for garbage, waste or sewage

Abstract

The invention belongs to technical field of garbage disposal equipment, disclose a kind of solid waste and house refuse pipeline transportation hammer cut type crushing device, including body, feeding warehouse is provided on body, the lower end of the feeding warehouse is communicated with crusher chamber, shaft is equipped in crusher chamber, hammer is installed in shaft and cuts crushing mechanism, it includes tup that hammer, which cuts crushing mechanism, twist wheel and multiple it is spaced apart from each other the mounting disc being arranged in shaft, the installation space for installing tup and twist wheel is formed between two adjacent mounting discs, at least one is installed for rolling to composting in each installation space, the twist wheel of shearing-crushing carries out hammer to the hard rubbish in composting at least one and cuts through broken tup.The present invention have it is structurally reasonable, it is easy to use and operate, various flexible and hard rubbish can be carried out comprehensive broken, and preliminary screening can be carried out to the ironware in broken rubbish, improve crushing efficiency, reduce broken dynamic consumption, be suitable for strength and recycle garbage system.

Description

A kind of solid waste and house refuse pipeline transportation hammer cut type crushing device into shape
Technical field
The invention belongs to technical field of garbage disposal equipment, and in particular to a kind of solid waste and house refuse pipeline transportation hammer Cut type crushing device.
Background technique
In China, go-no-go poor consciousness is also constrained without rigid rules and regulations, and serious, stone, wooden unit and hardware are launched in mixing Big implements are often launched, and existing strength recycling garbage system can not recycle the above material, at all without crushing device The strength recycling garbage system of installation is substantially all in paralysis dead status, causes great waste.
Also there is the device for refuse breaking in the prior art, such as application No. is 201120085547.8 utility models Patent discloses a kind of hammer blade refuse grinder, including shell, and shell is equipped with inlet port and outlet port, is equipped with hammer in shell Cut crusher chamber, hammer cut through it is broken it is intracavitary be equipped with shaft, shaft is connected with device of rotation driving, broken hammer handle is hinged in shaft, breaks Quartering hammer is hinged on broken hammer handle, the outer end face of quartering hammer is equipped with active shear blade, and hammer, which is cut, is installed with anvil knife, anvil in crusher chamber Knife is equipped with passive shear blade corresponding with active shear blade: it is mutual that at least two column are equipped in shaft along the axis direction of shaft Symmetrical quartering hammer, each column quartering hammer include at least two quartering hammers, and quartering hammer is evenly arranged in shaft centered on shaft On periphery, along the contour direction interlaced arrangement of shaft between two adjacent column quartering hammers.
Although the device can be crushed to hard and flexible material to a certain extent, broken dynamics is small, Flexible material is easy winding, therefore existing crushing device is not suitable for the broken of composting, can not meet strength recycling The use demand of garbage system.
Summary of the invention
The present invention causes recovery system to be paralysed to solve existing strength recycling garbage system because not having crushing device Crushing efficiency is low, crushing medium is single, cannot be crushed to composting material existing for deactivated and existing crushing device And the problems in lead to be not applied for China's strength recycling garbage system, and a kind of solid waste and house refuse pipeline fortune are provided Defeated hammer cut type crushing device can carry out break process to composting, and it is broken can either to carry out paddle type mill to composting material Broken, compaction type is broken and shearing broken, and can carry out break process to the hard ware material rubbish in composting material, mention Height broken efficiency and dynamics prevent the conveyance conduit of rubbish blocking strength recycling garbage system, so as to meet China's gas The requirement of power recycling garbage system.
In order to solve the above technical problems, the technical scheme adopted by the invention is that:
A kind of solid waste and house refuse pipeline transportation hammer cut type crushing device, including body into shape, are provided on the body Feeding warehouse, the lower end of the feeding warehouse are communicated with crusher chamber, and the first driving by being mounted on body is equipped in the crusher chamber Device drives the shaft of rotation, which is characterized in that is equipped with hammer in the shaft and cuts crushing mechanism, the hammer cuts crushing mechanism packet Include tup, twist wheel and it is multiple be spaced apart from each other the mounting disc being arranged in shaft, formed between two adjacent mounting discs for installing The installation space of tup and twist wheel is equipped at least one in each installation space for being rolled, being sheared to composting Broken twist wheel carries out hammer to the hard rubbish in composting at least one and cuts through broken tup.
Tup and twist wheel in each installation space alternate interval setting along the circumferencial direction of mounting disc.
Tup and twist wheel alternate being distributed in adjacent installation space of interval along shaft axial direction is parallel to.
Be evenly provided on the excircle of the twist wheel it is multiple rolled for composting material, shearing-crushing Grind tooth.
It is provided with below the crusher chamber and cuts the blanking orifice plate that crushing mechanism was mutually adapted and was in arcuation with hammer;It is described to fall Expect that two rows of cutter are arranged on orifice plate, and two rows of cutter are located at the two sides of crusher chamber, the cutter and mounting disc It is mutually adapted.
The deironing apparatus for removing the irony material in rubbish is provided on the body.
Tilted-putted blanking orifice plate is provided with below the blanking orifice plate, the deironing apparatus is arranged in blanking orifice plate Lower end.
The deironing apparatus includes the iron roll that removes being mounted below blanking orifice plate, described except iron roll is by being mounted on body Second driving device drives rotation;Described remove is provided with for collecting inclining by the irony material except iron roll removing below iron roll Slanting baffle.
Tapping channel is provided with below the blanking orifice plate, the lower end of the tapping channel is communicated with connecting tube, described The side of connecting tube is communicated with air inlet pipe, the conveyance conduit of the other side of the connecting tube and matched strength recycling garbage system Connection.I other words composting material is fallen by blanking orifice plate, blanking orifice plate under the action of self-weight after being crushed in crusher chamber Then tapping channel enters in conveyance conduit through connecting tube, conveyed by the negative-pressure power system of strength recycling garbage system It generates in pipeline and is temporarily stored in the refuse transfer box that negative-pressure pneumatic is transported in the central collection station in system.
Rubbish drops down onto blanking orifice plate above and below blanking orifice plate, and rubbish is delivered to tapping channel by blanking orifice plate, then through even Adapter tube enters in conveyance conduit.
The feeding warehouse is equipped with rotation axis, and the liquid for driving rotation axis to rotate is provided on the outer wall of the feeding warehouse Cylinder pressure or cylinder, there are two rotor plate, feeding warehouse is divided into recyclable rubbish storehouse and not by the rotor plate for rotation axis installation Recyclable rubbish storehouse, rotor plate is selective during following rotation axis to rotate by recyclable rubbish storehouse or to can be recycled rubbish Rubbish storehouse is connected to crusher chamber.
Compared with prior art, the invention has the following advantages:
Solid waste of the invention and house refuse pipeline transportation hammer cut type crushing device into shape, can be right by setting crushing device Hard rubbish and flexible rubbish in composting material carry out break process, and composting is being self-possessed after being crushed in crusher chamber Under the action of tapping channel fallen by blanking orifice plate, blanking orifice plate, then enter in conveyance conduit through connecting tube, returned by strength The negative-pressure power system for receiving garbage system generates in the central collection facility that negative-pressure pneumatic is transported in system in conveyance conduit Refuse transfer box in temporarily stored.The present invention first carries out break process to composting material, it is therefore an objective to prevent from mixing Bulky Waste and hard rubbish in rubbish block conveyance conduit and systemic breakdown are caused to deactivate.
Hammer of the invention cuts crushing mechanism by setting tup and twist wheel, when rubbish material enters crusher chamber through feeding warehouse When, hard rubbish material (such as stone, wood etc.) is crushed by tup, is not had at the same time by twist wheel to tup Broken rubbish roll broken and shearing break process, allows the invention to composting material (including hard Material and flexible material) it is handled;And tup and twist wheel follow shaft while being rotated, and it is broken to can be improved rubbish material Broken efficiency and dynamics, rolling variable diameter treated rubbish material through over-twist wheel has the characteristics that small in size, recycles convenient for strength Gas can be effectively reduced in the case where garbage system is conveyed by conveyance conduit, prevents rubbish from blocking in conveyance conduit The invisible waste of power garbage retrieving system blower is more able to satisfy the demand of strength recycling garbage system.
Multiple tups and multiple twist wheels in each installation space of the present invention are alternateed along the circumferencial direction of mounting disc Interval setting;Tup and twist wheel are distributed in adjacent installation space along be parallel to that shaft axial direction alternates interval It is interior, allow the invention to simultaneously using hammering, shear and roll broken, tup carries out hard ware material to beat broken, twist wheel Material is carried out rolling variable diameter to handle and scrape down and is sent, flexible material (rope, clothes, cloth etc.) can not beat, it is broken to roll When, pass through the blanking orifice plate of arcuation and the cutter of crusher chamber two sides are set and is torn up, cuts broken, and cutter The flexible material being wrapped in shaft can also be cut, crushing performance of the invention is further increased.
The present invention removes iron roll by the setting in the lower section of blanking orifice plate, can carry out just to the irony material in rubbish material Step screening, prevents irony feed blocking conveyance conduit, guarantees the normal operation of strength recycling garbage system.
The rubbish material that the present invention is crushed is fallen by connecting tube in the conveyance conduit of matched strength recycling garbage system, is broken Rubbish material after broken is transported in the refuse transfer box in central collection facility under the action of negative-pressure pneumatic by conveyance conduit The cooperating of garbage crushing device and strength recycling garbage system is realized in storage.
Feeding warehouse of the invention is equipped with rotation axis, and there are two for feeding warehouse to be divided into recovery bin for the rotation axis installation With can not recovery bin rotor plate, allow the invention to carry out classifying crushing to recyclable rubbish and non-recyclable rubbish respectively Processing carries out classification recycling to recyclable rubbish and non-recyclable rubbish convenient for strength recycling garbage system.
The present invention has device structure reasonable, easy to use and operate, can carry out to various flexible and hard rubbish comprehensive broken It is broken, and preliminary screening can be carried out to the ironware in broken rubbish, crushing efficiency is improved, broken power consumption is reduced, is applicable in In pneumatic conveying garbage system.
Detailed description of the invention
Fig. 1 is three-dimensional figure structure schematic representation of the invention;
Fig. 2 is section view figure structure schematic representation of the invention;
Fig. 3 is shaft and tup of the invention, the assembly structure diagram of twist wheel;
Fig. 4 is the structural schematic diagram of an embodiment of tup of the invention;
Fig. 5 is the structural schematic diagram of an embodiment of twist wheel of the invention;
Marked in the figure: 1, body, 2, feeding warehouse, 3, rotor plate, 4, rotation axis, 5, crusher chamber, 6, shaft, 7, mounting disc, 8, twist wheel, 9, tup, 10, blanking orifice plate, 11, cutter, 12, blanking orifice plate, 13, remove iron roll, 14, sloping baffle, 15, discharging Channel, 16, connecting tube, 17, strength recycling garbage system conveyance conduit, 18, telescoping tube, 19, air inlet pipe, 20, silencer, 21, cushion, 22, cylinder, 23, first driving device, 24, belt, 25, belt pulley, 26, weighting distribution wheel, the 27, second driving dress It sets, 28, manhole.
Specific embodiment
The present invention will be further described with reference to the examples below, and described embodiment is only present invention a part Embodiment is not whole embodiment.Based on the embodiments of the present invention, those skilled in the art are not making Other embodiments used obtained, belong to protection scope of the present invention under the premise of creative work.
In conjunction with attached drawing, solid waste of the invention and house refuse pipeline transportation hammer cut type crushing device, including body 1, institute into shape It states and is provided with feeding warehouse 2 on body 1, the lower end of the feeding warehouse 2 is communicated with crusher chamber 5, and crusher chamber 5 is arranged in body On 1, the shaft 6 rotated in the crusher chamber 5 equipped with the drive of first driving device 23 by being mounted on body 1, described turn Hammer is installed on axis 6 and cuts crushing mechanism, the hammer cuts crushing mechanism and includes tup 9, twist wheel 8 and multiple are spaced apart from each other setting and turning Mounting disc 7 on axis forms the installation space for installing tup 9 and twist wheel 8, each installation between two adjacent mounting discs 7 Be equipped in space at least one for composting is rolled, the twist wheel 8 of shearing-crushing and at least one to mixing rubbish Hard rubbish in rubbish carries out hammer and cuts through broken tup 9.The periphery setting of the crusher chamber 5 is cut crushing mechanism with hammer and is mutually adapted And be in the blanking orifice plate 10 of arcuation, wherein the lower section of crusher chamber 5 is arranged in blanking orifice plate 10, to guarantee the rubbish in feeding warehouse 2 Rubbish material can smoothly enter in crusher chamber 5, and those skilled in the art can be appreciated and understood that details are not described herein.
Solid waste of the invention and house refuse pipeline transportation hammer cut type crushing device into shape, can be right by setting crushing device Hard rubbish and flexible rubbish in composting material carry out break process, and composting is being self-possessed after being crushed in crusher chamber Under the action of tapping channel fallen by blanking orifice plate, blanking orifice plate, then enter in conveyance conduit through connecting tube, returned by strength The negative-pressure power system for receiving garbage system generates in the central collection facility that negative-pressure pneumatic is transported in system in conveyance conduit Refuse transfer box in temporarily stored.The present invention first carries out break process to composting material, it is therefore an objective to prevent from mixing Bulky Waste and hard rubbish in rubbish block conveyance conduit and systemic breakdown are caused to deactivate.
Hammer of the invention cuts crushing mechanism by setting tup and twist wheel, when rubbish material enters crusher chamber through feeding warehouse When, hard rubbish material (such as stone, wood etc.) is crushed by tup, is not had at the same time by twist wheel to tup Broken rubbish roll broken and shearing break process, allows the invention to composting material (including hard Material and flexible material) it is handled;And tup and twist wheel follow shaft while being rotated, and it is broken to can be improved rubbish material Broken efficiency and dynamics, while rolling variable diameter treated rubbish material through over-twist wheel and have the characteristics that small in size, it is convenient for strength The case where recycling garbage system is conveyed by conveyance conduit, prevents rubbish from blocking in conveyance conduit, can effectively drop The energy consumption of low pneumatic rubbish recovery system negative-pressure power system;More it is able to satisfy the demand of strength recycling garbage system.
In conjunction with attached drawing 4 and attached drawing 5, as a kind of preferred mode of the present invention, uniformly set on the excircle of the twist wheel 8 Be equipped with it is multiple rolled for composting material, the stone roller tooth of shearing-crushing.Tup and twist wheel of the invention is not limited to figure The specific structure of middle display.
Wherein, one end of shaft is connected with belt pulley 25, and the other end of shaft is connected with weighting distribution wheel 26, first driving device 23 drive belt pulley 25 to rotate by belt 24, so that shaft 6 be driven to rotate, and then tup and twist wheel are driven to be rotated.Its Middle body 1 is provided with the bearing block for being mounted on shaft on body 1, the installation for shaft and bearing block, this field Technical staff can be appreciated and understood that details are not described herein.
Tup 9 and twist wheel 8 in each installation space alternate interval setting along the circumferencial direction of mounting disc, are It says that tup and twist wheel are spaced apart from each other to be arranged in each installation space;Tup 9 and twist wheel 8 are along being parallel to shaft axial direction Being distributed in adjacent installation space for interval is alternateed, i other words for installing the peace of a tup in an installation space Holding position installs twist wheel on the position of mutual corresponding next installation space therewith so that each installation space in Installation tup and twist wheel are successively alternated in identical installation site;Convenient for improving the broken dynamics of composting material.This The multiple tups and multiple twist wheels invented in each installation space alternate interval setting along the circumferencial direction of mounting disc;Hammer Head and twist wheel alternate being distributed in adjacent installation space of interval along shaft axial direction is parallel to, so that of the invention Can simultaneously using hammering, shear and roll broken, tup beat to hard ware material broken, and twist wheel rolls material Variable diameter is handled and is scraped down and send, and when flexible material (rope, clothes, cloth etc.) can not be beaten, roll broken, passes through falling for arcuation Material orifice plate and the cutter that crusher chamber two sides are arranged in are torn up, it is broken to cut, and cutter can also cut winding Flexible material in shaft further increases crushing performance of the invention.
As a kind of preferred mode of the present invention, there are two tup and two twist wheels for the interior installation of an installation space, and Two twist wheels are symmetrical arranged along spindle central, and two tups 9 are symmetrical along spindle central.For the ease of tup 9 and twist wheel 8 It installs, the pin shaft of a twist wheel of one of tup and next installation space in first installation space is same root pin Axis, the pin shaft of another twist wheel of another tup and next installation space in first installation space are same root pin Axis;One twist wheel of first installation space and the pin shaft of a tup in next installation space are same root pin shaft, the The pin shaft of another tup in another twist wheel and next installation space in one installation space is same root pin shaft, is Say that installation can be completed by four pin shafts in tup and twist wheel in each installation space.
Tup and twist wheel of the invention can be mounted in mounting disc by pin shaft, bolt or other modes.
As a kind of preferred mode of the present invention, two rows of cutter 11, and two rows of cuttings are set on the blanking orifice plate Knife is located at the two sides of crusher chamber, and the cutter are mutually adapted with mounting disc, i other words cutter just with mounting disc phase Mutually adaptation, to prevent cutter and tup and twist wheel from generating interference;It can either be to the flexibility in rubbish by setting cutter Rubbish carries out cutting process, while can also cut and be wrapped in the flexible material (such as clothes, rope) that hammer cuts crushing mechanism, prevents Only flexible material is wrapped in hammer and cuts on crushing mechanism, further increases the broken effect of rubbish material.Cutter of the invention are straight The two sides for being mounted on crusher chamber are connect, and are separated with blanking orifice plate, so that cutter of the invention have the spy of installation, convenient disassembly Point.
The deironing apparatus for removing the irony material in rubbish material is provided on body 1 of the invention, as this hair The lower section of feeding warehouse can be arranged in a kind of mode of bright selection, deironing apparatus of the invention.
As a kind of preferred mode of the present invention, the lower section of blanking orifice plate 10 is provided with two pieces of blanking orifice plates 12, and two There is the gap passed through for rubbish material, the lower end of blanking orifice plate 12 is arranged in the deironing apparatus between blanking orifice plate 12. Deironing apparatus includes removing iron roll 13, is located at below the gap between two pieces of blanking orifice plates 12 except iron roll 13.Iron roll is removed by setting Preliminary screening can be carried out to the irony material in rubbish material, prevent irony feed blocking conveyance conduit, guarantee strength recycling The normal operation of garbage system.
Except iron roll 13 drives rotation by the second driving device 27 being mounted on body 1;The downside except iron roll 13 is set It is equipped with for collecting the sloping baffle 14 for removing the irony material adsorbed on iron roll, except the irony material on iron roll 13 passes through inclination gear Plate 14 slides to the cabinet (accommodation space) of body lower end, by the way that access hole 28 and ironware clean-up port, work are arranged on cabinet Make personnel periodically to recycle by ironware clean-up port, while being convenient for overhauling by access hole 28.
The lower end of body 1 of the invention is provided with for being connected to the conveyance conduit 17 of matched strength recycling garbage system Connecting tube 16, the lower end of the blanking orifice plate 12 is provided with the rubbish for exporting blanking orifice plate 12 and is delivered to connecting tube 16 Tapping channel 15.Wherein connecting tube 16 is equipped with air inlet pipe 19, and air inlet pipe 19 is equipped with silencer 20, i other words connecting tube 16 It is connected to tapping channel 15, the side of connecting tube is connected to air inlet pipe 19, and the other side of connecting tube and matched strength recycle rubbish The conveyance conduit 17 of rubbish system is connected to.As a kind of preferred mode of the present invention, connecting tube 16 and strength recycle garbage system Connect between conveyance conduit 17 through telescoping tube 18, can effectively be weakened by setting telescoping tube and pass to conveyance conduit and be connected to defeated Send the vibration of the equipment on pipeline.Gas enters conveying through air inlet pipe, connecting tube, telescopic pipes after muffler silencing and damping Pipeline;Composting falls into tapping channel by blanking orifice plate, blanking orifice plate under the action of self-weight after being crushed in crusher chamber, so It enters in conveyance conduit, is generated in conveyance conduit by the negative-pressure power system of strength recycling garbage system negative by connecting tube It is temporarily stored in the refuse transfer box that power of calming the anger is transported in the central collection facility in system, realizes garbage crushing device With the cooperating of strength recycling garbage system.
As a kind of preferred mode of the present invention, the feeding warehouse 2 is equipped with rotation axis 4, on the outer wall of the feeding warehouse 2 It is provided with the hydraulic cylinder or cylinder 22 for driving rotation axis to rotate, the rotation axis 4 installation is there are two rotor plate 3, and described turn Feeding warehouse 2 is divided for recyclable rubbish storehouse and trash repository not can be recycled by movable plate 3, and the rotor plate 3 follows rotation axis 4 to turn together It is dynamic, and the rotor plate 3 is selective by recyclable rubbish storehouse or not recyclable trash repository and broken in the course of rotation Chamber 5 is connected to, and is allowed the invention to carry out classifying crushing processing to recyclable rubbish and non-recyclable rubbish respectively, is convenient for strength Recycling garbage system carries out classification recycling to recyclable rubbish and non-recyclable rubbish.When strength recycling garbage system is returned When the recyclable rubbish material of receipts, hydraulic cylinder or cylinder drive rotor plate rotation, so that external is connected to crushing device The recyclable rubbish of top storage area fall into crusher chamber carry out break process, at this moment, can not recovery bin be in a closed state; When strength recycling garbage system recycling not recyclable rubbish, hydraulic cylinder or cylinder drive rotor plate to rotate to another way, So that the not recyclable rubbish for being connected to storage area above crushing device, which falls into crusher chamber, carries out break process, at this point, Recyclable storehouse is in a closed state under the action of rotor plate 3.Wherein two pieces of rotor plates 3 are to be connected in rotation axis 4 together Selective rotation is carried out, when strength recycling garbage system is not recycled, under the action of two pieces of rotor plates, charging Storehouse is in closed state.
Crushing device can generate vibration at work, in order to weaken the vibration being transmitted on the ground being attached thereto, this hair The bright lower end in body 1 is provided with cushion 21.
The present invention has device structure reasonable, easy to use and operate, can carry out to various flexible and hard rubbish comprehensive broken It is broken, and preliminary screening can be carried out to the ironware in broken rubbish, crushing efficiency is improved, broken dynamic consumption is reduced, is applicable in In pneumatic conveying garbage system.
Work work process of the invention is: 1) first driving device 23 on starting device and speed reducer rotation, crusher It starts to work, electrical machine belt pulley rotation drives belt pulley 25 to rotate by V-shape belt 24, and the rotation of belt pulley 25 rotates shaft 6, turns The rotation of axis 6 is to drive tup and twist wheel in shaft to rotate with shaft;2) the second driving motor drives except iron roll rotates;3), When rubbish enters feeding warehouse 2 through dispensing port, rotor plate 3 is under the action of category signal instructs cylinder 22 selectively to from left to right Rotation, then material falls on crushing device and is crushed, and tup 9 beats hard ware material broken, and twist wheel 8 rolls material Variable diameter is handled and is scraped down and send, and when flexible material (rope, clothes, cloth etc.) can not be beaten, roll broken, passes through cutter It 11 torn, cut broken, cutter can also cut the flexible material being wrapped in shaft 6;4), broken rubbish warp For the filtering of circular arc blanking orifice plate 10 to blanking orifice plate 5 again by handle except iron except iron roll 13, ironware falls into machine through sloping baffle 14 It, must be by special messenger from regular recycling is done, except the rubbish of iron is fallen in connecting tube 16 through tapping channel 15, negative in cabinet below body The conveyance conduit 17 of pneumatic rubbish recovery system is transported under the action of pressure by telescoping tube 18;5) cause when, being crushed to reduce Vibration, on the one hand by crushing mechanism Structural strengthening design and plus weighting distribution wheel so that shaft 14 is reached dynamic balancing, reduce vibration;Separately On the one hand add cushion 21 in the lower section of body by retrofit technique and be arranged between connecting tube and conveyance conduit and stretch The draw 18 carries out decrease vibration.6) the full signal driving equipment of material position, is received when strength recycles garbage system control centre, Gas enters conveyance conduit 17 through air inlet pipe, connecting tube, telescoping tube after muffler silencing and damping.

Claims (9)

1. a kind of solid waste and house refuse pipeline transportation hammer cut type crushing device, including body into shape, be provided on the body into Feed bin, the lower end of the feeding warehouse are communicated with crusher chamber, are equipped in the crusher chamber and are filled by the first driving being mounted on body Set the shaft for driving rotation, which is characterized in that hammer is installed in the shaft and cuts crushing mechanism, the hammer cuts crushing mechanism and includes Tup, twist wheel and it is multiple be spaced apart from each other the mounting disc being arranged in shaft, formed between two adjacent mounting discs for installing hammer The installation space of head and twist wheel is equipped at least one in each installation space for being rolled, being sheared brokenly to composting Broken twist wheel carries out hammer to hard rubbish at least one and cuts through broken tup;It is provided with below the crusher chamber and is cut through with hammer Broken mechanism is mutually adapted and is in the blanking orifice plate of arcuation;Two rows of cutter, and two rows of cutter are set on the blanking orifice plate The two sides of crusher chamber are located at, the cutter are mutually adapted with mounting disc;Tup beat to hard ware material broken, twirl Wheel is carried out rolling variable diameter handling and scraping down and be sent to material, when flexible material can not be beaten, roll broken, passes through the blanking of arcuation Orifice plate and the cutter that crusher chamber two sides are arranged in are torn up, it is broken to cut, and cutter cutting is wrapped in soft in shaft Property material.
2. a kind of solid waste according to claim 1 and house refuse pipeline transportation hammer cut type crushing device into shape, feature exists In tup and twist wheel in each installation space alternate interval setting along the circumferencial direction of mounting disc.
3. a kind of solid waste according to claim 2 and house refuse pipeline transportation hammer cut type crushing device into shape, feature exists Being distributed in adjacent installation space of interval is alternateed along shaft axial direction is parallel in, tup and twist wheel.
4. a kind of solid waste according to claim 1 and house refuse pipeline transportation hammer cut type crushing device into shape, feature exists In, be evenly provided on the excircle of the twist wheel it is multiple rolled for composting material, the stone roller tooth of shearing-crushing.
5. a kind of solid waste according to claim 1 and house refuse pipeline transportation hammer cut type crushing device into shape, feature exists In being provided with the deironing apparatus for removing the irony material in rubbish on the body.
6. a kind of solid waste according to claim 5 and house refuse pipeline transportation hammer cut type crushing device into shape, feature exists In being provided with tilted-putted feeding plate below the blanking orifice plate, the lower end of feeding plate is arranged in the deironing apparatus.
7. a kind of solid waste according to claim 6 and house refuse pipeline transportation hammer cut type crushing device into shape, feature exists In the deironing apparatus includes the iron roll that removes being mounted below feeding plate, described to be driven except iron roll by be mounted on body second Dynamic device drives rotation;It is described to remove the inclination gear being provided with below iron roll for collecting the irony material removed except iron roll Plate.
8. a kind of solid waste according to claim 1 and house refuse pipeline transportation hammer cut type crushing device into shape, feature exists In being provided with tapping channel below the blanking orifice plate, the lower end of the tapping channel is communicated with connecting tube, the connecting tube Side be communicated with air inlet pipe, the other side of the connecting tube is connected to the conveyance conduit of matched strength recycling garbage system.
9. a kind of -7 any described solid wastes and house refuse pipeline transportation hammer cut type crushing device into shape according to claim 1, It is characterized in that, the feeding warehouse is equipped with rotation axis, is provided on the outer wall of the feeding warehouse for driving rotation axis to rotate Hydraulic cylinder or cylinder, rotation axis installation there are two rotor plate, the rotor plate by feeding warehouse be divided into recyclable rubbish storehouse and Trash repository not can be recycled, rotor plate is selective during following rotation axis to rotate by recyclable rubbish storehouse or not to be can be recycled Trash repository is connected to crusher chamber.
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CN105921217A (en) * 2016-05-10 2016-09-07 成都易顺通环保科技有限公司 Hammer cutting type crushing device for solid waste and household garbage pipeline delivery and using method of hammer cutting type crushing device
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CN108355835A (en) * 2018-02-11 2018-08-03 河南理工大学 A kind of integrated machine for sorting domestic garbage
CN109005957B (en) * 2018-10-23 2020-04-24 安徽金牧饲料有限公司 Agricultural environment-friendly garbage treatment device and using method
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