CN106342659A - Plateau hillside drip irrigation system - Google Patents

Plateau hillside drip irrigation system Download PDF

Info

Publication number
CN106342659A
CN106342659A CN201610755996.6A CN201610755996A CN106342659A CN 106342659 A CN106342659 A CN 106342659A CN 201610755996 A CN201610755996 A CN 201610755996A CN 106342659 A CN106342659 A CN 106342659A
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
drip irrigation
pipe
hillside
plateau
arm
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN201610755996.6A
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
周德明
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Hekou Star Agricultural Science And Technology Development Co Ltd
Original Assignee
Hekou Star Agricultural Science And Technology Development Co Ltd
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Hekou Star Agricultural Science And Technology Development Co Ltd filed Critical Hekou Star Agricultural Science And Technology Development Co Ltd
Priority to CN201610755996.6A priority Critical patent/CN106342659A/en
Publication of CN106342659A publication Critical patent/CN106342659A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

Links

Classifications

    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G25/00Watering gardens, fields, sports grounds or the like
    • A01G25/02Watering arrangements located above the soil which make use of perforated pipe-lines or pipe-lines with dispensing fittings, e.g. for drip irrigation
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G13/00Protecting plants
    • A01G13/06Devices for generating heat, smoke or fog in gardens, orchards or forests, e.g. to prevent damage by frost
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G25/00Watering gardens, fields, sports grounds or the like
    • A01G25/06Watering arrangements making use of perforated pipe-lines located in the soil
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G7/00Botany in general
    • A01G7/04Electric or magnetic or acoustic treatment of plants for promoting growth
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02PCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES IN THE PRODUCTION OR PROCESSING OF GOODS
    • Y02P60/00Technologies relating to agriculture, livestock or agroalimentary industries
    • Y02P60/14Measures for saving energy, e.g. in green houses

Abstract

The invention relates to the field of land irrigation, and discloses a plateau hillside drip irrigation system which is technically characterized by comprising a water storage tank, a water pipe, a drip irrigation pipe, a fixed plate, buried pipes and drip irrigation branch pipes, wherein the water storage tank is connected with the drip irrigation pipe through the water pipe, and the drip irrigation pipe is erected on a soil surface and arranged on the periphery of a tree. One end of each buried pipe is connected with the drip irrigation pipe, and the other end of each buried pipe is inserted into the soil surface and vertically connected with one drip irrigation branch pipe. The drip irrigation branch pipes are arranged on the peripheries of main roots of the tree, and drip irrigation ports are formed in the drip irrigation pipe and the drip irrigation branch pipes. By the aid of the structure, a surface irrigation system and a buried irrigation system simultaneously exist, the water supply requirements of plants for shallow soil and deep soil are met, and growth of plant roots is benefited. Each drip irrigation branch pipe is in the shape of a semi-arc, the permeation requirement of water needed by the plant roots is met, usage of the drip irrigation branch pipes is decreased, and waste of water resources and materials is reduced. The plateau hillside drip irrigation system solves the problem that an existing drip irrigation system is inapplicable due to large diurnal temperature difference, large slope and the like.

Description

Plateau hillside drip irrigation system
Technical field
The present invention relates to soil irrigation field, it is concretely plateau hillside drip irrigation system.
Background technology
Drip irrigation is according to crop water requirement, by low pressure pipeline system and the douche being arranged on hollow billet, by water and The nutrient that crop needs drop by drop uniformly and lentamente instills the irrigation method in the soil of crop root zone.Drip irrigation does not destroy soil Earth structure, the factor such as soil internal water, fertilizer, gas keeps stable, is conducive to crop well to grow, evaporation loss is little, does not produce ground Face diameter stream, does not almost have deep percolation, is a kind of irrigation method of water-saving.Little, the douche that is mainly characterized by irrigation quantity of drip irrigation Flow is 2-12 liter per hour, therefore can accomplish little water frequent irrigation;The operating pressure needing is low, being capable of accurately Controlled irrigation Amount, can reduce invalid Evaporation among plants, not result in the waste of water.
Existing drip irrigation system is divided into drip surface system and buried drip irrigation system, and drip surface system cost is cheap, but Drip surface system, due to only being dripped in earth's surface, can cause the waste of a part of water resource, often expose in the sun simultaneously Solarization easily causes ageing equipment, therefore needs to carry out the replacing of equipment every year, increased irrigation cost.Buried drip irrigation system is by drip irrigation pipe Under soil, water resource waste can be reduced, simultaneously not non-aging by exposure in sunshine equipment.
Drip surface system and buried drip irrigation system under the environment of Plain all by large-scale application, but in plateau hillside ring Because difference variation is big under border, in dropper mouth, drip irrigation liquid may condense damage plant and drip irrigation pipe, and the gradient is larger existing buried simultaneously The drip irrigation pipe fully wrapped around plant root of drip irrigation system, the water part that institute's drip irrigation goes out can be soaked under gravity to not plant One side of strain is thus lead to water resource waste.
It is thus desirable to a kind of be applied to the little plateau hillside drip irrigation system of mountain environment, water resource waste.
Content of the invention
The present invention is directed to existing drip surface system and buried drip irrigation system because plateau hillside environment day and night temperature is larger, slope The problem spent larger grade and cannot be suitable for, provides a kind of plateau hillside drip irrigation system.
The present invention solves above-mentioned technical problem, employed technical scheme comprise that, plateau hillside drip irrigation system includes water storage box, defeated Water pipe, drip irrigation pipe, fixed plate, underground pipe and drip irrigation arm.Wherein fixing plate level is fixed on hillside, and fixed plate is fixed with Water storage box.Water storage box is connected with drip irrigation pipe by water-supply-pipe, and drip irrigation pipe is erected on native table, and located at trees periphery.Underground pipe One end is connected with drip irrigation pipe, and table is vertical with drip irrigation arm is connected for other end insertion soil.Drip irrigation arm is peripheral located at the main root of trees, Wherein it is designed with drip irrigation mouth on drip irrigation pipe and drip irrigation arm.
Further, drip irrigation arm is semi arch, and the junction point of drip irrigation arm and underground pipe is located at the axis of symmetry of semi arch On.
Further, the inner arc of drip irrigation arm is evenly distributed with magnetization mouth and heating gate, magnetization mouth and heating gate replace Setting.
Further, the drip irrigation mouth on drip irrigation arm is on the inner arc of drip irrigation arm, and is located at magnetization mouth and heating gate Between.
By such structure, because plateau hillside vegetation density is high, by water storage box, water-supply-pipe, drip irrigation pipe and fixed plate The drip surface system of composition is many to be blocked by plant, can be greatly reduced by the risk of direct sunlight exposure, pass through should simultaneously Drip surface system can alleviate the demand to moisture for the thin solum.The buried drip irrigation system being made up of underground pipe and drip irrigation arm System, because drip irrigation arm is semi arch, rather than traditional arc structure, due to drip irrigation water out domatic by gravity and the gradient Impact is permeated from high point to low spot, and semi arch is consistent with the effective area that circular arc is permeated, therefore can be saved using semi arch structure Save the cost of drip irrigation arm.Last being evenly distributed with the inner arc of drip irrigation arm magnetizes mouth and heating gate, and heating gate can carry The temperature of high plant root reduces the risk that plant under plateau climate freezes root, simultaneously can by because under altitude environment day and night temperature big And the dropper mouth condensing blocking melts insertion, magnetization mouth makes the root system of plant be subject to the effect in magnetic field to be conducive to the root hair of main root Educate.
Further, underground pipe is connected with drip irrigation pipe by movable part, movable part adjustably pipe laying and drip irrigation pipe Angle, thus adjust the permeable face of drip irrigation arm according to the change of different slope change and plant.
Further, drip irrigation pipe is additionally provided with flow valve.
Further, plateau hillside drip irrigation system also includes circulating pump, and wherein circulating pump is connected with water-supply-pipe.Circulating pump is Plateau hillside drip irrigation system provides power, makes water energy circulation-supplied in pipeline.
Optionally, the gradient on hillside is a, and a is 5 °~20 °.
Optionally, water storage box is additionally provided with solar energy electric supplier, solar energy electric supplier is electrically connected with circulating pump.
Optionally, the vertical dimension away from native table for the drip irrigation arm is 20~40cm.
Beneficial effects of the present invention at least include one below;
1st, have surface irrigation system and buried irrigation system simultaneously, meet the water supply of plant pair thin solum and deep soil Require, be conducive to the growth of plant root.
2nd, drip irrigation arm is provided with heating gate, and the temperature that heating gate can improve plant root reduces plant under plateau climate Freeze the risk of root, simultaneously can by because under altitude environment day and night temperature big and dropper mouth that condense blocking melts insertion,
3rd, drip irrigation arm is provided with magnetization mouth, and magnetization mouth makes the root system of plant be subject to the effect in magnetic field to be conducive to the root hair of main root Educate.
4th, drip irrigation arm is semi arch, and under meeting the permeation requirements of water needed for plant root, decreasing drip irrigation arm makes With reducing the waste at water source and material.
5th, water storage box is additionally provided with solar energy electric supplier, is supplied to plateau hillside drip irrigation system by solar energy electric supplier Electricity is it is achieved that self-energizing function, thus reducing the expense of laying electric power facility.
Brief description
Fig. 1 is plateau hillside drip irrigation system structural representation;
Fig. 2 is another kind of plateau hillside drip irrigation system structural representation;
Fig. 3 is the structural representation of drip irrigation arm;
In figure is labeled as: 1 is water storage box, 2 is water-supply-pipe, 3 is drip irrigation pipe, 4 is hillside, 5 is solar energy electric supplier, 6 is circulation Pump, 7 be fixed plate, 8 be flow valve, 9 be movable part, 10 be underground pipe, 11 be drip irrigation arm, 12 be dropper mouth, 13 be magnetization Mouthful, 14 be heating gate, 15 be trees, 16 be native table.
Specific embodiment
In order that the objects, technical solutions and advantages of the present invention can become apparent from understanding, below in conjunction with accompanying drawing and enforcement The present invention will be described in further detail for example.It should be appreciated that specific embodiment described herein is only in order to explain this Bright, it is not intended to limit the present invention protection content.
Embodiment 1
As shown in figure 1, plateau hillside drip irrigation system structural representation, plateau hillside drip irrigation system include water storage box 1, water-supply-pipe 2, Drip irrigation pipe 3, fixed plate 7, underground pipe 10 and drip irrigation arm 11.Wherein fixed plate 7 level is fixed on hillside 4, solid in fixed plate 7 Surely there is water storage box 1.Water storage box 1 is connected with drip irrigation pipe 3 by water-supply-pipe 2, and drip irrigation pipe 3 is erected on native table 16.Underground pipe 10 1 End is connected with drip irrigation pipe 3, and the other end is vertical with drip irrigation arm 11 to be connected.It is designed with drip irrigation mouth in drip irrigation pipe 3 and drip irrigation arm 11 12.Underground pipe 10 is connected with drip irrigation pipe 3 by movable part 9, and drip irrigation pipe 3 is additionally provided with flow valve 8, also includes circulating pump 6, circulation Pump 6 is connected with water-supply-pipe 2.The gradient on hillside 4 is a, and a is 15 °, water storage box 1 is additionally provided with solar energy electric supplier 5.
During use, solar energy electric supplier 5 collection solar energy is circulating pump 6 energy supply, and under the kinetic energy that circulating pump 6 provides, water exists Circulate between water storage box 1, water-supply-pipe 2, drip irrigation pipe 3, underground pipe 10 and drip irrigation arm 11.
Beneficial effect is to have surface irrigation system and buried irrigation system simultaneously, meet plant pair thin solum and The water supply requirement of deep soil, is conducive to the growth of plant root.
Embodiment 2
As shown in Fig. 2 another kind of plateau hillside drip irrigation system structural representation, including drip irrigation pipe 3, underground pipe 10, flow valve 8, Drip irrigation arm 11.Drip irrigation pipe 3 is erected on native table 16, and located at trees 15 periphery.Underground pipe 10 one end is connected with drip irrigation pipe 3, Table 16 is vertical with drip irrigation arm 11 is connected for other end insertion soil.Drip irrigation arm 11 is located at the main root periphery of trees 15.Drip irrigation arm 11 is semi arch, and drip irrigation arm 11 is located on the axis of symmetry of semi arch with the junction point of underground pipe 10.The gradient on hillside 4 is a, a For 22 °
During use, drip irrigation arm 11 is semi arch, and drip irrigation water out is affected from high point to low by gravity and the gradient domatic Point infiltration, thus meeting the water supply requirement to thin solum and deep soil for the trees 15, is conducive to the growth of plant root.
Embodiment 3
As shown in figure 3, the structural representation of drip irrigation arm, drip irrigation arm 11 is semi arch, drip irrigation arm 11 and underground pipe 10 Junction point is located on the axis of symmetry of semi arch.Magnetization mouth 13 and heating gate 14, magnetic are evenly distributed with the inner arc of drip irrigation arm 11 Change mouth 13 and heating gate 14 is arranged alternately.Drip irrigation mouth 12 on drip irrigation arm 11 is on the inner arc of drip irrigation arm 11, and is located at Between magnetization mouth 13 and heating gate 14.
During use, the drip irrigation mouth 12 that water passes through on drip irrigation arm 11 penetrates in soil, magnetizes the work by magnetic field for the mouth 13 With promoting the roots development of trees 15, the temperature that heating gate 14 can improve plant root reduces plant jelly under plateau climate The risk of root.

Claims (10)

1. plateau hillside drip irrigation system it is characterised in that: include water storage box (1), water-supply-pipe (2), drip irrigation pipe (3), fixed plate (7), underground pipe (10) and drip irrigation arm (11), described fixed plate (7) level is fixed on hillside (4), and fixed plate (7) is upper to fix There is water storage box (1), described water storage box (1) is connected with drip irrigation pipe (3) by water-supply-pipe (2), and drip irrigation pipe (3) is erected at native table (16) On, and located at trees (15) periphery, described underground pipe (10) one end is connected with drip irrigation pipe (3), other end insertion soil table (16) and Drip irrigation arm (11) is vertical to be connected, described drip irrigation arm (11) located at the main root periphery of trees (15), described drip irrigation pipe (3) and droplet Fill and be designed with drip irrigation mouth (12) on arm (11).
2. plateau according to claim 1 hillside drip irrigation system it is characterised in that: described drip irrigation arm (11) be semicircle Arc, drip irrigation arm (11) is located on the axis of symmetry of semi arch with the junction point of underground pipe (10).
3. plateau according to claim 2 hillside drip irrigation system it is characterised in that: on the inner arc of described drip irrigation arm (11) It is evenly distributed with magnetization mouth (13) and heating gate (14), described magnetization mouth (13) and heating gate (14) are arranged alternately.
4. plateau according to claim 3 hillside drip irrigation system it is characterised in that: the drip irrigation on described drip irrigation arm (11) Mouth (12) is on the inner arc of drip irrigation arm (11), and is located between magnetization mouth (13) and heating gate (14).
5. plateau according to claim 1 hillside drip irrigation system it is characterised in that: described underground pipe (10) pass through movable part (9) connect with drip irrigation pipe (3).
6. plateau according to claim 1 hillside drip irrigation system it is characterised in that: be additionally provided with stream on described drip irrigation pipe (3) Amount valve (8).
7. plateau according to claim 1 hillside drip irrigation system it is characterised in that: described plateau hillside drip irrigation system also wraps Include circulating pump (6), described circulating pump (6) is connected with water-supply-pipe (2).
8. plateau according to claim 7 hillside drip irrigation system it is characterised in that: be additionally provided with too on described water storage box (1) Sun energy charger (5), described solar energy electric supplier (5) is electrically connected with circulating pump (6).
9. plateau according to claim 1 hillside drip irrigation system it is characterised in that: the gradient of described hillside (4) is a, and a is 5 °~20 °.
10. plateau according to claim 1 hillside drip irrigation system it is characterised in that: described drip irrigation arm (11) is away from native table (16) vertical dimension is 20~40cm.
CN201610755996.6A 2016-08-30 2016-08-30 Plateau hillside drip irrigation system Pending CN106342659A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201610755996.6A CN106342659A (en) 2016-08-30 2016-08-30 Plateau hillside drip irrigation system

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201610755996.6A CN106342659A (en) 2016-08-30 2016-08-30 Plateau hillside drip irrigation system

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN106342659A true CN106342659A (en) 2017-01-25

Family

ID=57855964

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201610755996.6A Pending CN106342659A (en) 2016-08-30 2016-08-30 Plateau hillside drip irrigation system

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN106342659A (en)

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106941918A (en) * 2017-03-28 2017-07-14 会泽林下种植有限公司 A kind of Yunnan Paris polyphylla sylvan life imitating wild planting process
CN109287446A (en) * 2018-10-22 2019-02-01 中煤地质集团有限公司北京水工环地质勘查院 It is a kind of suitable for manually replanting by the filtration irrigation method and system of side slope
RU2683520C1 (en) * 2018-04-12 2019-03-28 Альберт Николаевич Стариков Method of irrigation of fruit trees and shrubs on the slopes of ravine

Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN2442508Y (en) * 2000-10-16 2001-08-15 肖加杰 Agricultural ground infiltrating irrigation water pipe with soil moisture supplementing function
CN2605733Y (en) * 2002-11-05 2004-03-10 王礼 Overhead irrigating apparatus
CN201640116U (en) * 2010-04-08 2010-11-24 高宏洲 Rainwater-collecting irrigation system based on solar energy
US20130272791A1 (en) * 2012-04-17 2013-10-17 Canplas Industries Ltd. Moisture responsive irrigation method and apparatus
CN203675784U (en) * 2014-01-04 2014-07-02 沧州临港金太阳绿色农业有限公司 Outdoor tree irrigation device
CN104012372A (en) * 2014-07-02 2014-09-03 张峰 Branched multi-head underground exposed pipe drip-permeance root irrigation device

Patent Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN2442508Y (en) * 2000-10-16 2001-08-15 肖加杰 Agricultural ground infiltrating irrigation water pipe with soil moisture supplementing function
CN2605733Y (en) * 2002-11-05 2004-03-10 王礼 Overhead irrigating apparatus
CN201640116U (en) * 2010-04-08 2010-11-24 高宏洲 Rainwater-collecting irrigation system based on solar energy
US20130272791A1 (en) * 2012-04-17 2013-10-17 Canplas Industries Ltd. Moisture responsive irrigation method and apparatus
CN203675784U (en) * 2014-01-04 2014-07-02 沧州临港金太阳绿色农业有限公司 Outdoor tree irrigation device
CN104012372A (en) * 2014-07-02 2014-09-03 张峰 Branched multi-head underground exposed pipe drip-permeance root irrigation device

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106941918A (en) * 2017-03-28 2017-07-14 会泽林下种植有限公司 A kind of Yunnan Paris polyphylla sylvan life imitating wild planting process
RU2683520C1 (en) * 2018-04-12 2019-03-28 Альберт Николаевич Стариков Method of irrigation of fruit trees and shrubs on the slopes of ravine
CN109287446A (en) * 2018-10-22 2019-02-01 中煤地质集团有限公司北京水工环地质勘查院 It is a kind of suitable for manually replanting by the filtration irrigation method and system of side slope

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
CN203015568U (en) Tree fertilization vent pipe
CN106342659A (en) Plateau hillside drip irrigation system
CN204031977U (en) Capillary water delivery and water-saving irrigation system
CN204443341U (en) For the vegetable planting device of Desertification virescence rebuild
CN104186275B (en) A kind of method for transplanting trees with whole canopy
CN102487778B (en) Artificial windproof and sand-resistant forest
CN103493665A (en) Method for planting large-standard trees in clayed soil
CN104106355A (en) Water-fertilizer efficient management method of tea-oil tree during cultivation
CN108476951A (en) A kind of Desert of Gobi area afforestation drip irrigation system and the method for afforestation
CN205052408U (en) Whole capillary water delivery permeation irrigation device
CN108235877A (en) A kind of tree planting survival device for being applicable in drain structure of trembling with fear in year short of rain
CN203597151U (en) Modularized vertical greening device
CN1864455A (en) Interior irrigation type water-saving plant vegetation method for geosyncline
CN106817944A (en) A kind of anti-drought mountain afforestation structure and greening method
CN104285703B (en) Parthenocissus quinquefolia incubator, greening system and fast greening method
CN108718863B (en) Method for planting walnut fruit bearing forest in dry and warm valley residue field in alpine region
CN203708815U (en) Directional water and fertilizer supplying device for planting trees and shrubs in mines and waste mountains
CN202738571U (en) Solar sand culturing technical facility applicable to Gobi Desert
CN205755825U (en) A kind of heat-resistant moisturizing planter for desert
CN107580962A (en) Trees ' root oxygen and nutrient device and planting tree method
CN105706888A (en) Desert plant cultivation device and sand stabilization and water retaining method
CN105746134A (en) Layered water saving method for ecological desert restoration and agriculture and forestry fruit and vegetable planting
CN102893796A (en) Irrigation water retention tree-protecting method employing ground surface-type drought-resisting tree-planting black film funnel
CN203608645U (en) Desert micro-irrigation system
CN211657095U (en) Ground embedded type shallow root crop cultivation groove

Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
PB01 Publication
C06 Publication
SE01 Entry into force of request for substantive examination
SE01 Entry into force of request for substantive examination
RJ01 Rejection of invention patent application after publication

Application publication date: 20170125

RJ01 Rejection of invention patent application after publication