CN106337248B - flat knitting machine - Google Patents

flat knitting machine Download PDF

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Publication number
CN106337248B
CN106337248B CN201610534695.0A CN201610534695A CN106337248B CN 106337248 B CN106337248 B CN 106337248B CN 201610534695 A CN201610534695 A CN 201610534695A CN 106337248 B CN106337248 B CN 106337248B
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
yarn guiding
yarn
rail
sliding block
self
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Application number
CN201610534695.0A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN106337248A (en
Inventor
W.卡皮特尔
F.黑佩尔
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H Stoll AG and Co KG
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H Stoll AG and Co KG
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Priority to EP15176118.6A priority Critical patent/EP3115491B8/en
Priority to EP15176118.6 priority
Application filed by H Stoll AG and Co KG filed Critical H Stoll AG and Co KG
Publication of CN106337248A publication Critical patent/CN106337248A/en
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Classifications

    • DTEXTILES; PAPER
    • D04BRAIDING; LACE-MAKING; KNITTING; TRIMMINGS; NON-WOVEN FABRICS
    • D04BKNITTING
    • D04B15/00Details of, or auxiliary devices incorporated in, weft knitting machines, restricted to machines of this kind
    • D04B15/38Devices for supplying, feeding, or guiding threads to needles
    • D04B15/54Thread guides
    • D04B15/56Thread guides for flat-bed knitting machines
    • DTEXTILES; PAPER
    • D04BRAIDING; LACE-MAKING; KNITTING; TRIMMINGS; NON-WOVEN FABRICS
    • D04BKNITTING
    • D04B15/00Details of, or auxiliary devices incorporated in, weft knitting machines, restricted to machines of this kind
    • D04B15/94Driving-gear not otherwise provided for
    • D04B15/96Driving-gear not otherwise provided for in flat-bed knitting machines

Abstract

Flat knitting machine, with at least two needle beds (30, 30 '), at least one can move past the needle bed (10, 10 '), distribute to knitting lock (30, 30 ') sliding block (20) and yarn feeding mechanism, the yarn feeding mechanism has the yarn guiding device rail arranged above the needle bed, wherein, being disposed with can be with synkinematic yarn guiding device (40 by the sliding block (20), 40 '), wherein, furthermore there is the yarn feeding mechanism at least one can drive independent of the sliding block (20), self-centered yarn guiding device (50, 50 ').

Description

Flat knitting machine
Technical field
The present invention relates to flat knitting machines, have at least two needle beds (Nadelbett), and there is at least one can move More than needle bed, equipped with knitting lock sliding block and yarn feeding mechanism, the yarn feeding mechanism have is arranged in needle bed The yarn guiding device rail of top, being disposed in the yarn guiding device rail can be with synkinematic by least one described sliding block Yarn guiding device.
Background technique
Such flat knitting machine is corresponded to from the common prior art for many years.However, more and more to knitting The pattern and design of object propose increasingly higher demands.Also improve as a result, to for manufacture these knitted fabrics, especially The requirement of the machine of inlaid work knitted fabric or plated work.
Therefore, improvement has also been proposed in yarn supply side, helps to meet the requirement improved.It is self-supporting as a result, The yarn guiding device driven self-sustainingly has been obtained using can be occupied in the needle room of knitting machines during knitting process Each arbitrary position.In addition, the device for being packed into yarn becomes it is known that it can be above real yarn guiding device simultaneously And knitting needle independently of real yarn guiding device is supplied with yarn.
In addition, by 43 08 251 695 08 696 872 587 B1 and DE 695 03 831 of T2, EP of A1, DE of DE Following knitting machine known to T2 has the yarn guiding device that can be moved independent of sliding block, and this yarn guiding device can Temporarily couple with the sliding block or the knitting machine have can be by the yarn guiding device of slide block movement, can be temporary The autonomous driving in ground.However, this solution is mechanically to expend with control technology aspect.
Summary of the invention
The object of the present invention is to provide following flat knitting machines, can form tradition using it with reasonable manner Knitted fabric and knitted fabric or plated work with cumbersome pattern.
The flat knitting machine that the task passes through the type being initially mentioned is resolved, which is characterized in that yarn feeding mechanism Furthermore yarn guiding device can be driven at least one independent of sliding block, self-centered.
Thus flat knitting machine according to the present invention is provided by traditional yarn supply department and is driven independent of sliding block Yarn guiding device be formed by combination, yarn guiding device is by suitable mechanism by sliding in the case where traditional yarn supply Block carries, wherein two kinds of designs of yarn supply department retain its complete Functional Capability.This relative to it is above-mentioned, be used for The device of feeding yarns be it is new, described device is the compromise proposal between two kinds of yarn supply department.
The advantages of this drive scheme that the yarn guiding device is combined in unique machine is, complicated pattern, If inlaid work pattern or plaiting pattern can be produced using self-centered yarn guiding device economy, because of this yarn Wire conductor can occupy each arbitrary position in needle room at any time, and have the knitted fabric or knitted fabric of traditional pattern Section can be utilized reasonably to be produced by the yarn guiding device of the slider-actuated.
Herein expediently, each self-centered yarn guiding device can have the driving device of itself, to can be complete The changeability of yarn supply department is made full use of entirely.However also it is possible that two or more self-centered yarn draws Device is led equipped with common driving device.
When one or more of self-centered yarn guiding devices are in one or more individual yarn guiding device rail In when can movably arrange along longitudinal direction, obtain other advantage.It can be moved over the entire length in these rails, without It must consider and the possible collision by the sliding block with synkinematic yarn guiding device.
Here, with that with the yarn guiding device rail of synkinematic yarn guiding device and can have self-sufficiency certainly by the sliding block The yarn guiding device rail of the yarn guiding device of foot can be positioned in parallel within preferably alternatingly above the needle bed, to Similar condition can be realized to needle for yarn supply by being directed to two kinds of yarn guiding device types.
Here, in the preferred design scheme of the flat knitting machine, for self-centered yarn guiding device Yarn guiding device there are four being respectively arranged in yarn guiding device rail.
For that can be respectively arranged in yarn guiding device rail of the sliding block with synkinematic yarn guiding device There are eight yarn guiding devices.
The pattern of multiple color also can be reasonably manufactured using this number of yarn guiding device or with different The pattern of yarn quality.
In the design scheme of the substitution of the flat knitting machine, the self-centered yarn guiding device and it is described can It can be arranged in common yarn guiding device rail by the sliding block with synkinematic yarn guiding device.Then, it is desirable that ratio is having There is less rail in the design scheme for the individual rail of the self-centered yarn guiding device.
Here, the self-centered yarn guiding device can correspondingly arrange in an in-orbit half portion and the energy It is enough to be arranged in another half portion of the rail by the sliding block with synkinematic yarn guiding device.Alternatively, it is described from Described institute can be arranged in self-sustaining yarn guiding device and jointly with synkinematic yarn guiding device by the sliding block In at least one for stating the half portion of yarn guiding device rail.
Other alternative solution is that there are two overlappings at least one half portion tool of one or more yarn guiding device rail The route of arrangement, wherein be disposed in one of the route one or more self-centered yarn guiding device and One or more is disposed in another route by the sliding block with synkinematic yarn guiding device.This has as follows excellent Point, i.e., the yarn guiding device of two kinds drive schemes can utilize the complete length of the yarn guiding device rail.
For the arrangement of the yarn guiding device rail above the needle bed, there is also different feasible programs.In the first design side In case, the yarn guiding device rail is at least partially disposed in common horizontal plane above the needle bed.
However it also can be advantageously, the yarn guiding device rail be at least partially disposed at imagination above the needle bed Cylindrical surface interception part on.The yarn guiding device arm is oriented radially and all in this arrangement of the rail With same shape and length, this realizes simpler replacement and allows the time more favorable and the more favorable system of cost It makes.
The illustrated arrangement of the yarn guiding device rail needs not be the forcibly axis relative to knitting machines Line is symmetrical.Also it can be considered that asymmetric arrangement.
In flat knitting machine according to the present invention, the yarn can laterally be supplied as generally normally.So And the flat knitting machine can also have following sliding block, have opening on the upper side, yarn can be opened by described Mouth is supplied to the yarn guiding device and is further supplied to the needle in needle bed.It can be abandoned in the solution whole The yarn induction element and yarn tension element of column are to require when laterally supplying the yarn.In addition, in this yarn By the reduction of friction part in the case where line supply, yarn, which is tensioned, to be reduced.
The different realities of the yarn supply of flat knitting machine according to the present invention are described in more detail with reference next to attached drawing Apply example.
Detailed description of the invention
Diagram:
Fig. 1 shows the cross section by the first flat knitting machine;
Fig. 2 shows the cross sections for passing through the second flat knitting machine;
Fig. 3 a show the sum for self-centered yarn guiding device for by sliding block with synkinematic yarn guiding device The schematical view of yarn guiding device rail;
Fig. 3 b show with self-centered yarn guiding device and can by sliding block with synkinematic yarn guiding device the The schematical view of one yarn guiding device rail;
Fig. 3 c show with self-centered yarn guiding device and can by sliding block with synkinematic yarn guiding device the The schematical view of two yarn guiding device rails;
Fig. 3 d show with self-centered yarn guiding device and can by sliding block with synkinematic yarn guiding device the The schematical view of three yarn guiding device rails;
Fig. 4 a-4d shows the schematical diagram of different arrangements of the yarn guiding device rail in flat knitting machine.
Specific embodiment
Fig. 1 is illustrated in cross-section flat knitting machine 100, the needle bed 10 ' of needle bed 10 and rear portion with front.Sliding block 20 It can move through the needle bed 10,10 ', front and rear portion knitting is fixed at the sliding block and latches 30,30 ', benefit It can trigger what the knitting implement not illustrated in greater detail here and capable of making did not illustrated in greater detail herein with it Knitting implement movement, the knitting implement are supported in the needle bed 10,10 '.Two needle beds surround comb gap KS in-between.Institute Comb gap is stated to be located on the central axes M of the flat knitting machine 100.
Yarn guiding device 40,40 ' and 50,50 ' are mounted with above the needle bed 10,10 ' and the comb gap KS.It is external , further from the yarn guiding device 40,40 ' of arbor line M be traditional yarn guiding device, by sliding block 20 by not showing herein Follower out can be in company with movement.On the contrary, the yarn that internal yarn guiding device 50,50 ' is autonomous driving draws Device is led, thus, it is possible to move independent of 20 ground of sliding block.Yarn guiding device support arm or yarn guiding device beam bolt The up and down motion of (Fadenf ü hrern ü sschen) is also feasible.Yarn guiding device 40,40 ' and 50,50 ' is about mesh axis The arrangement of line M is only exemplary.The yarn guiding device 50,50 ' also can outside or with the yarn guiding device 40, it 40 ' is alternately arranged.The yarn guiding device 40,40 ' and 50,50 ' is furthermore arranged in around institute in the illustrated example, On the circular arc for stating comb gap.However, it also can flatly be arranged in the comb gap in common horizontal plane, such as reference later As Fig. 4 a-c is illustrated.
Fig. 2 shows corresponding to Fig. 1, the second flat knitting machine 100 ' cross-sectional view.The area of machine 100 ' and machine 100 It is not the construction of sliding block 20 ', compared to sliding block 20, lateral position has opening 21 to the sliding block on it, and yarn passes through the opening energy It is enough to be supplied directly to the yarn guiding device 40,40 ', 50,50 ' from top.Also it can be considered that the sliding block 20 ' it is complete to Upper open frame mode.It is supplied from above the yarn to have the following advantages, yarn steering mechanism, yarn can be abandoned Induction element and yarn tension element, being when laterally giving the yarn guiding device 40,40 ', 50,50 ' feeding yarns must It wants.In addition, yarn tensioning is reduced by the reduction of the friction part in the case where this yarn is supplied.
Two kinds of yarn guiding device 40,40 ' and 50,50 ' is shown in Fig. 3 a-3d in yarn guiding device rail Different arrangements.The top view of four yarn guiding device rails 61,62,63,64 is shown in fig. 3 a, wherein can be by the cunning Block 20 is located in the yarn guiding device rail 61 and 64 only with synkinematic yarn guiding device 40,40 '.It is described self-sufficient Yarn guiding device 50,50 ' individual yarn guiding device rail 62,63 is set.
Lateral position has gap 41 to the yarn guiding device 40,40 ' on it, when the yarn guiding device 40,40 ' should When movement, the follower that the do not show further and sliding block 20 couples can be scarfed in the gap.
Be respectively disposed on external yarn guiding device rail 61,64 in the illustrated example, eight yarn guiding devices 40, 40 ', and it is only provided only with four self-centered yarn guiding devices 50,50 ' respectively on internal rail 62,63.
Fig. 3 b is to exemplify the yarn guiding device with different drive schemes with unique yarn guiding device rail 60 40,40 ', 50,50 ' other feasible distribution scheme.Only pacify on one of the half portion of the yarn guiding device rail 60 Be equipped with can be only mounted with synkinematic yarn guiding device 40 and in another half portion by the sliding block it is self-sufficient Yarn guiding device 50.
On the contrary, the yarn guiding device rail 60 ' being shown below in figure 3 c, wherein being not only disposed in a half portion can By the sliding block with synkinematic yarn guiding device 40, and it is disposed with self-centered yarn guiding device 50, and another half Only being provided only in portion can be by the sliding block with synkinematic yarn guiding device 40.
The single yarn guiding device rail 60 ' ' being shown below in Fig. 3 d, wherein being not only disposed with energy in the half portion Enough by the sliding block with synkinematic yarn guiding device 40, and it is disposed with self-centered yarn guiding device 50.Two kinds of drives The yarn guiding device of dynamic scheme overlappingly disposes herein.The principle can be in a half portion of the yarn guiding device rail or two It is used in a half portion.
Fig. 4 a-4d schematically shows the yarn guiding device rail and latches in the knitting with the flat knitting machine 100 30, the different feasible programs together with arrangement on 30 ' sliding block 20.
In fig.4, rail is arranged on imaginary cylindrical surface, so that the yarn guiding device (not shown) being located therein accounts for According to it is shown in FIG. 1, directly towards the inclined position central axes M.On the contrary, in fig. 4b, the rail 61 ' to 64 ' is all arranged In common horizontal plane.Fig. 4 c shows the combination of the arrangement from Fig. 4 a and 4b.Internal yarn guiding device rail 62 ' ', 63 ' ' be arranged in common horizontal plane and external yarn guiding device rail 61 ' ' and 64 ' ' be arranged in it is imaginary On cylindrical surface.
In figure 4d, rail is asymmetrically disposed on imaginary cylindrical surface, to be located at the yarn guiding device inside it (not shown) equally occupy it is shown in FIG. 1, directly towards the inclined position central axes M.The yarn guiding device rail is about it The other variant schemes of the asymmetric arrangement of the sum of number arrangement shown in Fig. 4 a-4c is feasible.

Claims (10)

1. flat knitting machine, which has at least two needle beds (10,10 '), which has at least one It is a can move past the needle bed (10,10 '), equipped with knitting lock (30,30 ') sliding block (20) and yarn supply dress It sets, the yarn feeding mechanism has the yarn guiding device rail (60,60 ', 61-64) being arranged in above the needle bed, described Being disposed in yarn guiding device rail can be with synkinematic yarn guiding device (40,40 '), the yarn by the sliding block (20) Furthermore feeding mechanism has yarn guiding device that at least one can drive independent of the sliding block (20), self-centered (50,50 '), which is characterized in that at least one described self-centered yarn guiding device (50,50 ') can move in the longitudinal direction Ground is arranged in one or more individual yarn guiding device rail (62,63), wherein having can be by the sliding block in company with fortune The yarn guiding device rail (61,64) of dynamic yarn guiding device (40,40 ') and have self-centered yarn guiding device (50,50 ') Yarn guiding device rail (62,63) be alternately positioned in parallel within above the needle bed (10,10 ');Or its feature exists It described can be guided in, the self-centered yarn guiding device (50,50 ') and by the sliding block (20) with synkinematic yarn Device (40,40 ') is arranged in common yarn guiding device rail (60,60 ').
2. flat knitting machine according to claim 1, which is characterized in that each self-centered yarn guiding device (50, 50 ') with the driving device of itself.
3. flat knitting machine according to claim 1, which is characterized in that for self-centered yarn guiding device (50, 50 ') self-centered yarn guiding device (50,50 ') there are four being respectively arranged in yarn guiding device rail (62,63).
4. flat knitting machine according to claim 1, which is characterized in that for that can be transported by the sliding block (20) companion Being respectively disposed with eight in the yarn guiding device rail (61,64) of dynamic yarn guiding device (40,40 ') can be by the sliding block (20) With synkinematic yarn guiding device (40,40 ').
5. flat knitting machine according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the self-centered yarn guiding device (50, 50 ') be respectively disposed in a half portion of the common yarn guiding device rail and it is described can be by the sliding block (20) It is arranged in synkinematic yarn guiding device (40,40 ') in another half portion of the common yarn guiding device rail.
6. flat knitting machine according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the self-centered yarn guiding device (50, 50 ') and it is described can be jointly arranged in by the sliding block (20) with synkinematic yarn guiding device (40,40 ') it is described common Yarn guiding device rail half portion at least one in.
7. flat knitting machine according to claim 6, which is characterized in that one or more common yarn guiding device rail At least one half portion tool there are two arranged superposed route, wherein be disposed in one in the route one or Multiple self-centered yarn guiding devices and one or more is disposed in another route by the sliding block in company with movement Yarn guiding device.
8. flat knitting machine according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the yarn guiding device rail (61 ' -64 ', 62 ' ', 63 ' ' it) is at least partially disposed above the needle bed (10,10 ') in common horizontal plane.
9. flat knitting machine according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the yarn guiding device rail (61-64,61 ' ', 64 ' ') on the interception part for being at least partially disposed at imaginary cylindrical surface above the needle bed (10,10 ').
10. flat knitting machine according to claim 1 or 2, which is characterized in that the sliding block (20) has on the upper side It is open (21), yarn can be supplied to and can be drawn by the sliding block (20) with synkinematic yarn from top by the opening Lead device (40,40 ') and self-centered needle yarn guiding device (50,50 ') and be further supplied in the needle bed.
CN201610534695.0A 2015-07-09 2016-07-08 flat knitting machine Active CN106337248B (en)

Priority Applications (2)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
EP15176118.6A EP3115491B8 (en) 2015-07-09 2015-07-09 Flat knitting machine
EP15176118.6 2015-07-09

Publications (2)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN106337248A CN106337248A (en) 2017-01-18
CN106337248B true CN106337248B (en) 2019-01-04

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ID=53541550

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CN201610534695.0A Active CN106337248B (en) 2015-07-09 2016-07-08 flat knitting machine

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CN (1) CN106337248B (en)

Families Citing this family (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
EP3556921A1 (en) 2018-04-16 2019-10-23 H. Stoll AG & Co. KG Flat knitting machine and method for producing a filigrane knit
JP2020059957A (en) 2018-10-12 2020-04-16 株式会社島精機製作所 Yarn feeding device

Family Cites Families (9)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CH686089A5 (en) * 1991-08-02 1995-12-29 Steiger Sa Atelier Constr Flatbed knitting machine.
DE4308251C2 (en) 1992-03-17 1997-10-09 Schieber Universal Maschf Knitting machine
US5623840A (en) * 1992-07-08 1997-04-29 Tecnit-Technische Textilien Und Systeme Gmbh Process for production of weave-knit material
JP3452639B2 (en) 1994-05-02 2003-09-29 株式会社島精機製作所 Knitting yarn supply device to flat knitting machine
JPH08127948A (en) 1994-10-31 1996-05-21 Shima Seiki Mfg Ltd Method for controlling carrier of knitting machine and apparatus therefor
JP2903152B2 (en) * 1997-04-15 1999-06-07 株式会社島精機製作所 Yarn supply mechanism of flat knitting machine
JP3044370B2 (en) 1997-08-21 2000-05-22 株式会社島精機製作所 Yarn supply device in flat knitting machine
CN2749896Y (en) * 2004-10-21 2006-01-04 东华大学 Flat-knitting machine yarn feeding device special for multi-axial reinforced framework knitting structure
DE102009032627B4 (en) * 2009-07-10 2012-10-18 H. Stoll Gmbh & Co. Kg Flat knitting machine with coupled with a drive means yarn guides

Also Published As

Publication number Publication date
EP3115491A1 (en) 2017-01-11
EP3115491B1 (en) 2018-12-19
EP3115491B8 (en) 2019-03-20
CN106337248A (en) 2017-01-18

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