CN106334603A - Method for smashing food particles - Google Patents

Method for smashing food particles Download PDF

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Publication number
CN106334603A
CN106334603A CN201610879859.3A CN201610879859A CN106334603A CN 106334603 A CN106334603 A CN 106334603A CN 201610879859 A CN201610879859 A CN 201610879859A CN 106334603 A CN106334603 A CN 106334603A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
food materials
particle
groove
cutter
gap
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Granted
Application number
CN201610879859.3A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN106334603B (en
Inventor
徐小鸿
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Hangzhou Fuyang Zhengyi Industry And Trade Co ltd
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Hangzhou Fuyang Zhengyi Industry And Trade Co ltd
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Priority to CN201610879859.3A priority Critical patent/CN106334603B/en
Publication of CN106334603A publication Critical patent/CN106334603A/en
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Publication of CN106334603B publication Critical patent/CN106334603B/en
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Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C18/00Disintegrating by knives or other cutting or tearing members which chop material into fragments
    • B02C18/06Disintegrating by knives or other cutting or tearing members which chop material into fragments with rotating knives
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C18/00Disintegrating by knives or other cutting or tearing members which chop material into fragments
    • B02C18/06Disintegrating by knives or other cutting or tearing members which chop material into fragments with rotating knives
    • B02C18/16Details
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C18/00Disintegrating by knives or other cutting or tearing members which chop material into fragments
    • B02C18/06Disintegrating by knives or other cutting or tearing members which chop material into fragments with rotating knives
    • B02C18/16Details
    • B02C18/22Feed or discharge means
    • B02C18/2216Discharge means
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C18/00Disintegrating by knives or other cutting or tearing members which chop material into fragments
    • B02C18/06Disintegrating by knives or other cutting or tearing members which chop material into fragments with rotating knives
    • B02C18/16Details
    • B02C18/22Feed or discharge means
    • B02C18/2225Feed means
    • B02C18/2258Feed means of screw type
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C18/00Disintegrating by knives or other cutting or tearing members which chop material into fragments
    • B02C18/06Disintegrating by knives or other cutting or tearing members which chop material into fragments with rotating knives
    • B02C18/16Details
    • B02C18/24Drives
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C23/00Auxiliary methods or auxiliary devices or accessories specially adapted for crushing or disintegrating not provided for in preceding groups or not specially adapted to apparatus covered by a single preceding group
    • B02C23/08Separating or sorting of material, associated with crushing or disintegrating
    • B02C23/16Separating or sorting of material, associated with crushing or disintegrating with separator defining termination of crushing or disintegrating zone, e.g. screen denying egress of oversize material

Abstract

The invention discloses a method for smashing food particles. The method sequentially includes the steps of food feeding, food cutting and smashing, particle retracting, particle adding, particle screening and pushing-in. The complete cycle is conducted on food cutting and smashing, that is, food is subjected to feeding, cutting, retracting, reverse adding, screening and pushing-in for re-cutting. The processing course is composed of the six working steps. In the final pushing-in process of food, small particles which are screened out and enter gaps are pushed, so that food pushing-in is converted into the reverse feeding effect of a particle retracting groove, and pushing-in feeding is sequentially and continuously recycled till all fed food is cut into small particles. Reciprocating movement is achieved in a cutting cavity formed by the processing gaps, and the reciprocating movement is continuously repeated through rotation of a grinding disc, so that a large cycle is formed.

Description

A kind of method that food materials particle is pulverized
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of method that food materials particle is pulverized.
Background technology
In existing family expenses food materials flour mill, a class is to have continued traditional food processing mode, applicable to minimize Type, such as: mixer, dry pan, little steel mill, coffee grinding machine etc., another kind of be as people life improve constantly, right Foods processing technique proposes under requirements at the higher level, the new ideas product of appearance, such as: high speed wall-breaking machine, powder beater, centrifugal juicer Deng.This kind of type comes to new try in food processing field for the non-food stuff crushing material technology and application.Fast fine Change the processing that under the guiding in path, the destruction of food materials nutrient content and food materials original structure be greatly exceed with previous quasi-tradition Machine.Which illustrate and by the attribute of food materials itself and feature, its mode should be verified to the mode employed in food materials processing Adaptability.
Include in five cereals in fresh food materials, preserve the original structure that a large amount of nutrient contents are food materials, have the one of its fragility Face, once losing and can not restoring the loss just creating nutrient content as destroyed this original structure in process, example As wherein vitamin, polyphenoils loses in a large number after breaking-wall cell, after making nutrient content and other material mixings, produce oxygen Change, especially in high-speed rotation, under the situation of high heat, accelerate the destruction to food materials.Mean adding according to these attributes Effort degree bigger (inappropriate) is bigger to the damage of food materials nutrient content.Review prior art work in-process to food materials nutrition The producing cause of component damage problem has:
As existing dry pan, little steel mill, coffee mill etc. employ the processing mode from coarse to fine, gradually advancing, The blade through mill for the food materials or raised line cutting and grinding, constitute processing gap between Moving plate blade and price fixing inwall (insert groove), The setting of this gap is from inside to outside or inclined from top to bottom, and inside outer greatly little or up big and down small, food materials are in mill chamber internal cutting through gap Discharge, the thickness of particle depends on the size in this gap, and its small particles is discharged from this clearance groove and bulky grain is stayed Continue cutting in gap, but create Railway Project in this processing mode.
1st, in mill chamber, food materials are processed because multiple in extruding and impact etc. by multiple impact such as feeding and fltting speed The pulverizing completing under making a concerted effort.Wherein there is the particle through blade cutting, have the particle through being caught broken under extruding, also have size-reduced bending Grain, shape is indefinite with size.Crowded mix in each paragraph and advance, increase and gap with food materials taper into so that Between the particle in gap more compact together.Its small particles is blocked in gap and is unable to reach outlet, and is left on Food materials in gap will continue cutting.Cannot be distinguished under the thick and thin situation of particle in blade, little particle just inevitable quilt Cut again, cutting repeatedly creates meticulous dust and pasty state.Result in the excessive pulverizing to food materials.As can be seen here, Whether the size in processing gap is not the principal element determining granular size, but in the processing mode gradually advancing from coarse to fine It is to produce unequigranular and overground main cause.
2nd, the boiling after the unequigranular of processed generation has influence on, fermentation, soak in food materials original elastic, tough Property, particularly in the boiling of coffee, permeability is deteriorated, life ripe irregular etc. have lost genuineness, reduce the warp of product Ji is worth and the dust formation that produces in process destroys the original structure of food materials, have lost substantial amounts of nutrient content with former Juice original flavor, even occur when processing fresh fruit of vegetables variable color spoiled it is evident that the wall-breaking machine occurring in high speed grinding mode In overground effect of powder beater.
3rd, the processing mill chamber constituting between Moving plate raised line (blade) and price fixing inwall, from inside to outside or from top to bottom more to Anterior diastema diminishes, and so that food materials is extruded by inwall in propulsion, and the whether smooth of propulsion is subject to charging rate, the dry and wet of food materials The impact of the many factors such as degree, viscosity, is also easy to produce the crowded of discharge in a gap tapering into and blocks so that mill chamber Interior extrusion chamber effect strengthens, and the fresh fruit of vegetables for moisture content creates broken wall under this extrusion chamber effect.Especially in processing During the shortening abrasive dust such as coffee bean, under extrusion chamber effect, destroy substantial amounts of original color and taste because creating high heat.This phenomenon The order of severity that structure to food materials is destroyed more is highlighted on high speed disintegrator.
Though the 4, the processing mode that above type adopts has difference but the destruction to food materials and result and be identical. (1) unequigranular and dust formation (2) high heat (3) extruding and broken wall, broken produced by dry pan (coffee mill) Bad factor can be traced back on the initial point of stone mill structure, and the destructive factor in high speed grinding mode can trace back to food materials powder On broken technology initial point.Illustrate whether to adopt at a high speed or low speed, as long as have passed through gradually process from coarse to fine, just The cutting repeatedly to particle cannot be avoided thus result in the overprocessing of food materials, produce problem above is a kind of structural Defect and the drawbacks of result from processing mode.
With people's property safe to food, the pay attention to day by day of health, user proposes new wanting to food materials process technology Seeking Truth: genuine and existing squeezing is now ground.In genuine essence nutrient content and prototype structure in keeping food materials Under the premise of realize requirement.Now do and a kind of Site Service and consumption experience process are comprised on existing mill original meaning.And by a kind of right Effective processing approach of fresh food materials, to realize upgrading products and services in the method for service now sold and the effect that works now doing Rate.
Provided a user with a kind of effective with the safeguard measure of original structure to food materials nutrient content according to requirements above Processing machine, to meet user to genuine requirement.There is provided a kind of structure simple on having the special card that existing squeezing is now ground, processing Mode is appropriate, and function is many, small volume, and noise is low, type easy to use, functionally expands to from abrasive dust and squeezes the juice, stirring, The range of work expands fresh fruit of vegetables and ground coffee to from five cereals.Due to the range of work extensively, user can be according to different product Kind feature, the needs of processing select or customization type, it is achieved thereby that the practicality of household small-size processing machine, convenience with strong Kang Xing.
Content of the invention
The present invention is to solve the problems, such as method and device that existing food materials particle pulverizes in use, provides one kind can By double helix THE ADIABATIC SHEAR IN abrasive dust, the integrality that maintains particle, decrease the destructive factor to food materials original structure again, can prevent Only the method that overground food materials particle is pulverized is produced to food materials.
The technical scheme that the present invention solves existing issue is: a kind of method that food materials particle is pulverized, and step includes successively, food Material feeding, the retrogressing of cutting and grinding food materials, particle, particle interpolation, particle screen selecting, propulsion.
Comprise the following steps that,
Step one, food materials feeding, food materials are inserted in the gap erect between the raised line of screw rod and screw body, the screw rod of rotation Extruding food materials run downwards;Step 2, cutting and grinding food materials, are set cutter ring knife in the downward food materials of screw extruding to this layer of mill The most shallow place of groove lower end is simultaneously lived by backstop, in extrusion process downward food materials with reversely rotate mill on cutter and cutter groove Cooperate and pulverizing is cut by preliminary shearing, shallow upper depth under described cutter groove;Step 3, particle retreat, with the reverse rotation of mill, To be gradually delivered up by cutter groove in the particle at the most shallow place of cutter groove by backstop, the groove that moves back that the cutter groove of Sloped rotating is constituted extrudes Particle runs up the retrogressing constituting particle;And temporarily depart from successively from top to bottom with the raised line of screw rod rotation and move back a groove, positioned at this The particles drop back moving back in a groove at disengaging is in the gap of screw body and raised line, and constantly retreats in a groove groove with moving back Particles drop back is enhanced and increases the continuation of falling;
The reverse interpolation of feed screw is constituted after the particle strengthening in step 4, step 3 and persistently falling after rise;
Step 5, screening food materials particle, reversely add through step 4, in particle retrogressing with adding procedure, at its small particles In the state of loose, from top to bottom from raised line and move back between a groove and between screw body and cutter ring cutter processing between In gap, sieve falls, and coarse granule is blocked in this layer of processing gap;
Step 6, the coarse granule being blocked in step 5 is cut knife cutting powder under the lasting progradation of screw rod again Broken;
As improving further, also include step 7, repeat step three-six to food materials is cut into completely can be by processing gap The particle that middle sieve falls.
Also include step 8, fall into lower floor or fall into multilayer cutter ring and screw rod successively by sieving, in processing gap, the particle falling Processing gap in, repeat step one-six.
Also include step 9, repeat step three-six to food materials is cut into be processed in gap by lower floor completely and sieves Particle.
Also include step 10, fallen in the processing gap that fixed millstone is with screw rod by sieving the particle falling in processing gap.
Also include step 11, the filter screen arranging by fixed millstone.
It is provided with cutter groove in described fixed millstone;The cutter groove of each layer of above-mentioned cutter ring is not communicated with;Above-mentioned food materials feed between being Have a rest interpolation.
Compared with prior art, its advantage is that food materials cutting and grinding, through complete circulation, are also food to the present invention Material cuts from feeding-cutting-retrogressing-reverse interpolation-screening-propulsion again.The process constituting through six job steps.? Go out to advance so that food materials propulsion is changed into and moves back grain into the little particle in people gap to screened in the last progradation of food materials The reverse feeding effect of groove, and advance feeding persistent loop successively, until the food materials of feeding are all cut into fine particle. Form a reciprocating motion in the cutting chamber that processing gap is constituted, and make under the rotation of mill on this reciprocating motion not Repeat, thus constituting systemic circulation disconnectedly.Effectively raise the operating efficiency in cutting chamber, expanded the horizontal space of structure, lead to Cross above one fabrication cycles on next it is achieved that cutting coarse grained mode again after this cutting chamber screening large or fine granule.
Brief description
Fig. 1 is the decomposing schematic representation of screw rod of the present invention and mill.
Fig. 2 is the decomposing schematic representation of mill of the present invention and filter screen.
Fig. 3 is the partial sectional view of mill of the present invention.
Fig. 4 is the enlarged diagram at Fig. 3 a.
Fig. 5 is the structural representation of apparatus of the present invention.
Fig. 6 is the decomposing schematic representation within Fig. 5.
Fig. 7 is the side view of apparatus of the present invention.
Specific embodiment
Referring to Fig. 1-4, including the downward spinning taper screw rod 1 running of setting rotary squeezing food materials, it is sheathed on outside screw rod 1 and spiral shell The mill 2 that bar 1 cooperation reversely rotates.It is provided with least one of which cutter ring, cutter ring includes handing over screw rod 1 raised line 11 in the mill 2 of rotation Some strip cutter 3 of fork, cutter 3 are preferably uniformly arranged.It is provided with or directly constitutes the knife of inclination between two cutter 3 Groove, the cutter groove of adjacent layer cutter ring can communicate, and is preferably not communicated with the implementation case, can be blocked by centre circle, orlop cutter ring knife Groove groove bottom blocks, and can prevent food materials particle from leaking down in cutter groove.
Typically move back an effect with the cutter groove even depth of layer cutter ring slightly worse, preferably, cutter groove depth preferably from top to bottom by Gradual change is shallow, i.e. shallow upper depth under cutter groove, so cuts each, moves back the depth difference that a groove 4 contains material, the granular size after cutting Also different, move back an effect relatively preferable.Below cutter groove the most shallow go out can be used for backstop live by the downward food materials of screw extruding.
The body of every layer of cutter 3 of mill 2 of rotation and cutter groove and screw rod 1 and screw rod raised line 11 are constituted to be cut to food materials Cut pulverizing;Reversely rotate mill 2 tilt cutter groove constitute drive pressure food materials reverse conveying feeding from bottom to up move back a groove 4.Spiral shell The bottom of bar 1 is provided with the tang 14 of deslagging.
Rotation screw rod 1 and mill 2 can motor or drive shaft be independently set it is also possible to a public motor or Drive shaft, gear drive is passed through in centre, and mill can arrange internal tooth or external tooth.For the ease of using, mill 2 and screw rod 1 upper end can Setting food materials place mouth 12, in order to the food materials of supply pulverizing that can be lasting.
For the ease of installing, mill 2 is provided with the number of plies corresponding with cutter ring, and the cutter ring of equivalent layer is arranged at the mill of equivalent layer On 2.Every layer is moved back the closure of a groove 4 lower end and can be blocked by centre circle, and for the ease of producing and optimizing in the implementation case, cutter ring is adjacent The cutter 3 of layer are crisscross arranged, and mutual backstop lives another layer of the corresponding port moving back a groove 4, can be by staggered cutter 3 End face backstop live the respective end moving back a groove 4 of adjacent layer, the cutter ring of the bottom moves back a groove 4 and blocks still through centre circle.Move back grain Groove 4 cross section is the groove that smoothed curve or circular arc are constituted, and can be easy to particle sliding in groove.Move back a groove 4 for width from bottom to up Gradual change is narrow, and constitute triangle moves back a groove 4 naturally it is also possible to be stepped narrowing.The groove 4 that moves back narrowing is beneficial to particle Can be quickly from moving back in the anti-cutting gap making an addition between screw rod 1 raised line 11 and screw body in a groove 4.
The cutter 3 of cutter ring are preferably arranged at mill 2 inwall in the shape of a spiral;Cutter ring is preferably at least two-layer, lower floor's cutter ring The depth at the most shallow place moving back a groove 4 move back the depth at the most shallow place of a groove less than or equal to upper strata cutter ring.In the implementation case, as excellent Choosing, cutter ring arranges upper, middle and lower-ranking 31,32,33, and mill 2 arranges upper, middle and lower-ranking 21,22,23, mill 2 inwall bus The radius of upper end place circumference is less than the radius of lower end place circumference, and bus constitutes the bottom land bus moving back a groove 4, so that in spiral shell Bar 1 with rotate against with layer mill 2 during, the food materials that are pressed down against by cutter ring cutter 3 produce shearing relatively cut broken, simultaneously Obtain preferably cutting and grinding effect in order to same layer mill 2 and move back shallow upper depth under a groove 4 with facilitating implementation.Upper, middle and lower cutter ring 31st, 32,33 depth moving back the most shallow place of a groove are followed successively by less than or equal to 2mm, 0.05-0.2mm, 0.05-0.2mm.The cutting of cutter ring The knife relief angle of knife 3 is that knife relief angle place face seamlessly transits with moving back a groove 4 more than or equal to -90 °, less than 0 °.
The difference gap of the external diameter of raised line 11 of screw rod 1 and the body external diameter of screw rod 1 incrementally increases to two ends from the middle part of screw rod.Spiral shell The feeding gap constituting between bar 1 body and spiral raised line 11, the top in this gap is maximum, down tapers into so that adding The gaps that in material, different size of food materials enter the different corresponding three layers of cuttings of cutter ring layers cutting are to be less than at ground floor etc. respectively It is less than or equal to 5mm at 25mm, the second layer, at third layer, be less than or equal to 2mm.
Mill 2 bottom is provided with the fixed millstone 5 with screw rod 1 cooperation, and centre circle 51 be may be disposed at bottom cutter ring 33 and ground with fixed Between disk 5, fixed millstone 5 bottom can arrange filter screen 53, can be used for finally filtering wheat bran in particle, if fruit is then pomace. Fixed millstone 5 inwall is provided with the straight knife groove or/and inclination cutter groove 5a with screw rod 1 cooperation, the straight knife groove on fixed millstone 5 or and inclination knife Groove is similar with the cutter groove of mill 2, and this cutter groove of fixed millstone can coordinate cutting with screw rod 1 further.
The total height degree of screw rod 1 raised line 11 is not less than the height of at least two-layer cutter ring, is not less than three layers in the implementation case Cutter ring is reordered the height of mill 5.
Milling process with reference to the present invention explains mechanism of the present invention further.
The present invention also processes food materials and becomes the step of powder to include successively, food materials feeding, cutting and grinding food materials, particle retreat, Grain interpolation, particle screen selecting, propulsion.
Comprise the following steps that,
Step one, food materials feeding, food materials are inserted in the gap between the raised line 11 of screw rod 1 and screw body, the screw rod 1 of rotation Extruding food materials run downwards.Step 2, cutting and grinding food materials, by the downward food materials of screw extruding to this layer of cutter ring cutter groove or/ Live with the most shallow place of lower end and by backstop, the cutter on downward food materials and the mill reversely rotating in extrusion process and cutter groove Cooperate and pulverizing will be cut by preliminary shearing.Step 3, particle retreat, with the reverse rotation of mill, be inclined by cutter groove backstop in The particle in the cutter groove or/and the most shallow place of cutter groove will be gradually delivered up by cutter groove, the cutter groove composition of Sloped rotating move back a groove 4 Extruding particle runs up the retrogressing constituting particle;And temporarily depart from successively from top to bottom with the raised line 11 of screw rod rotation and move back a groove 4, Positioned at the particles drop back moving back in a groove 4 at this disengaging in the gap of screw body and raised line 11, and with moving back in a groove 4 groove The particles drop back constantly retreating is enhanced and increases the continuation of falling.
The reverse interpolation of feed screw 1 is constituted after the particle strengthening in step 4, step 3 and persistently falling after rise.
Step 5, screening food materials particle, reversely add through step 4, in particle retrogressing with adding procedure, its medium and small Grain be in loose in the state of, from top to bottom from raised line 11 and move back between a groove 4 and between screw body and cutter ring cutter 3 Processing gap in sieve fall, and coarse granule be blocked in this layer processing gap in.
Step 6, the coarse granule being blocked in step 5 is cut knife 3 under the lasting progradation of screw rod 1 again and cuts Cut pulverizing.
Step 7, repeat step three-six to food materials is cut into completely can sieve, by processing in gap, the particle falling.
Step 8, is fallen in the processing gap that lower floor's cutter ring is with screw rod 1 by sieving the particle falling in processing gap, repeats to walk Rapid one-seven.
The number of plies of cutter ring can be increased if necessary, until cutting out the particle being sized more.
Wherein in above-mentioned steps one, food materials feeding be preferably interval add, feeding interval be preferably screw rod 1 rotate a circle with On.Above-mentioned steps one to six are constituted first screen the process cut afterwards and between mill inwall and screw rod raised line and screw rod Circulation (reciprocal) the processing gap constituting between body and mill blade.
Present invention processing food materials become the concrete principle of powder as follows:
The raised line 11 of the screw rod 1 of rotation is advanced with the food materials in screw body to being added into screw rod 1 raised line, in progradation, Cutter 3 cutting and grinding food materials in the presence of cutter groove.Part food materials particle can enter in cutter groove.Because food materials particle is in screw rod 1 is subject to restricting at cutter groove or/and the shallow mouth in cutter groove lower end when advancing, and the cutter groove in inclination or approximate helical is constituted Move back under the reaction of a groove 4 so that screw rod 1 food materials propulsion capability lost efficacy.When the raised line 11 of screw rod 1 turns temporary from top to bottom with rotation It is separated from cutter groove, return to the gap between the body and raised line 11 of screw rod 1 positioned at tilting to move back the food materials particle in a groove 4 herein Fall.Under the rotation of mill 2, particles drop back effect further enhances.Thus further such that the raised line 11 of screw rod 1 is pushing down on The food materials particle entering is obstructed inefficacy because of propulsion, turns under the turning effort of mill 2, moving back in a groove 4 from bottom to up Reverse conveying constitute the retrogressing of particle, retreat and more promote the groove 4 that moves back of rotation and the falling of particle is acted on, thus producing Reverse interpolation in food materials particle feed screw 1 cutting gap.
Cleaved particle reversely adds from moving back a groove 4 and fall between raised line 11 and screw body gap after rise and constitute, Grain retreat with adding procedure in, its small particles be in loose in the state of, from top to bottom between raised line 11 and cutter groove and knife In processing gap between circle cutter 3 and screw body, sieve falls.And coarse granule is blocked in the processing gap of this layer of cutter ring, It is cut knife 3 cutting and grinding again under the lasting progradation of screw rod.
It is complementary that screw rod and cutter ring move back produced food materials propulsion and the retrogressing of food materials particle on a groove.The fortune of screw rod Dynamic receiving moves back a counter for groove retrogressing effect.Weaken screw rod, with mill, thus relieving, chamber is cut to the extruding in cutting chamber Extrusion chamber effect, overcomes the particle congestion producing in prior art and choking phenomenon because of the lasting propulsion of principal screw.Subtracting Also the high heat that produces because friction increases is solved the problems, such as in cutting it is achieved that one while having lacked the resistance in cutting Chamber is cut in the processing of no extruding empty calory.
Processing cutting process in, be in loose in the state of little particle by sieve rain bulky grain separate, protect little particle Repeatedly do not cut, reach the integrality maintaining original structure, and the cutting mode processing by no extruding empty calory, protect The original color and taste of food materials and nutrient content.Mechanism of the present invention is suitable for fruit and seed class food materials such as five cereals, rice, wheat class etc. Realizing particle uniformly down so that in boiling afterwards, fermenting, fully discharging food materials from original structure during immersion etc. former Some elasticity and toughness, are embodied in on the recovery effect of naturality taste in food materials, especially in the fresh rice cake made, soup Circle, face wheat food confectionary etc. has or not alternative effect in mouthfeel, original flavor.
Because the processing of food materials cleaved chamber maintains the complete of particle, and do not produce dust and broken wall.And no extruding, no Maintain original color and taste under conditions of heat, be suitable for oiliness or moisture content food materials such as sesame, kernel, fresh fruit of vegetables Deng, and occur without fuel-displaced or go out watery.
Instant invention overcomes by traditional active blade, fixed plate (stationary knife) is produced to clash into rolling thus result in, bending, It is caught broken etc. without blade effectively cutting and mill and be ground into the generation of particle.
Due to the cutting gap of the present invention and cutter 3 can accurately arrange regulation and control so that the nutrition of the food materials particle pulverized Material and mouthfeel can beyond tradition the powder that grinds of stone mill.
There is a vertical charging its top entrance of feeding gap constituting between mill 2 inwall and screw body Gap 12, can according to the size of food materials, vertically in different incised layer it is not necessary to through between the processing gradually advancing Gap, has under identical structure in every layer of cutter ring, and can individually complete to cut at every layer, makes particle enter next layer between every layer The condition of propulsion is to have to pass through screening, and smallest particles can screen orlop from each layer.Particle in incised layer is cut The condition cut is that the particle that particle should be greater than the depth moved back at a shallow mouth in groove forward position and is less than this depth retreats, after exiting in groove Next layer (outlet) is fallen by sieve, smallest particles will be effectively protected by the particle of this link and do not pulverized again. Achieve particle uniform.
The food materials high to genuine processing request are such as: coffee bean, sesame, and beans etc. is subject to heat in process, Speed, produces the escape of fragrance so that the loss of original color and taste, adopts according in its feature the present embodiment under the influence of the factor such as extruding With reducing the measure of destructive factor, combined with butt formula after first sieve by the no mill chamber of extruding empty calory, so that particle is protected Hold complete and constitute process through above six job steps to reach particle uniform.So that changing in the boiling of ground coffee Good intergranular penetrability, extracts juice in full and uniform steam extraction from food materials original structure.Through this processing The concentration that mode is extracted and original flavor are largely increased.Its effect is not only the reduction of raw material usage amount than existing, But the lifting in quality and grade.
Referring to Fig. 5-7, abrasive dust mechanism of the present invention can constitute mill in conjunction with feeding mechanism, drive mechanism, discharging mechanism, casing 7 Powder device.
Feeding mechanism includes the bucket 9 preventing food materials, and bucket 9 is provided with food materials feed alley 91.For the ease of using, It is provided with the feeding structure of interval charging in bucket 9.Feeding structure the implementation case, also may be used taking the impeller 92 rotating as a example certainly To be push pedal, baffle plate etc..The impeller 92 blade rotation driving food materials of rotation enter in feed alley 91.So can pass through food materials Insert in bucket 9, food materials are intermittently or serially added in feed alley 91 by the impeller 92 of rotation, hence into screw rod 1 Raised line 11 and screw body between gap in, the screw rod 1 of rotation extruding food materials run downwards.
Drive mechanism include direct or indirect drive screw 1, mill 2 rotation power input shaft 6 at least one, this enforcement Motor can be set in casing 7 bottom in case, motor shaft can be directly as power input shaft 6, and power input shaft 6 can be used for Drive screw 1, screw rod 1 upper end can connect power output shaft 13, and power output shaft 13 is provided with gear, the drive driving mill 2 The ratchet of movable vane wheel 92 interval charging, impeller 92 bottom is provided with the ratchet with click-fit, mill 2 be provided with internal tooth or external tooth and with Internal tooth or the gear shaft of external tooth cooperation, the engaged gears on the gear of the gear shaft other end and power output shaft 13.Certainly feed Structure, screw rod 1, mill 2 also can be by independent input shaft or motor direct-drive.
Discharging mechanism includes being arranged at the fixed millstone 5 on the downside of abrasive dust mechanism with screw rod 1 cooperation, fixed millstone 5 include chassis 52, It is arranged at the filter screen 53 between centre circle 51 and chassis 52, chassis 52 is provided with discharging opening 54 and slag-drip opening 55.Discharging opening 54 is externally provided with Storing powder box 56.It is additionally provided with the clear rack 6 for clearing up filter screen 53, clear rack 6 is provided with clear mesh sheet 61, clear rack 6 is even outside fixed millstone 5 Connect to be arranged at and rotate with mill 2 on mill 2.

Claims (10)

1. a kind of food materials particle is pulverized method it is characterised in that: step includes successively, food materials feeding, cutting and grinding food materials, Grain retrogressing, particle interpolation, particle screen selecting, propulsion.
2. food materials particle as claimed in claim 1 is pulverized method it is characterised in that: comprise the following steps that,
Step one, food materials feeding, food materials are inserted in the gap erect between the raised line of screw rod and threaded body, the screw rod of rotation Extruding food materials run downwards;Step 2, cutting and grinding food materials, are set cutter ring knife in the downward food materials of screw extruding to this layer of mill The most shallow place of groove lower end is simultaneously lived by backstop, in extrusion process downward food materials with reversely rotate mill on cutter and cutter groove Cooperate and pulverizing is cut by preliminary shearing;Step 3, particle retreat, with the reverse rotation of mill, by backstop in the most shallow place of cutter groove Particle will be gradually delivered up by cutter groove, what the cutter groove of Sloped rotating was constituted move back a groove extruding particle runs up composition The retrogressing of grain;And temporarily depart from successively from top to bottom with the raised line of screw rod rotation and move back a groove, positioned at moving back in a groove at this disengaging Particles drop back is in the gap of screw body and raised line, and is enhanced with the particles drop back moving back constantly retrogressing in a groove groove and increases The continuation that add-back falls;
The reverse interpolation of feed screw is constituted after the particle strengthening in step 4, step 3 and persistently falling after rise;
Step 5, screening food materials particle, reversely add through step 4, in particle retrogressing with adding procedure, at its small particles In the state of loose, from top to bottom from raised line and move back between a groove and between screw body and cutter ring cutter processing between In gap, sieve falls, and coarse granule is blocked in this layer of processing gap;
Step 6, the coarse granule being blocked in step 5 is cut knife cutting powder under the lasting progradation of screw rod again Broken.
3. food materials particle as claimed in claim 2 is pulverized method it is characterised in that: also include step 7, repeat step three- Six to food materials are cut into can sieve, by processing in gap, the particle falling completely.
4. food materials particle as claimed in claim 2 is pulverized method it is characterised in that: also include step 8, by between processing Sieve the particle falling in gap to fall into lower floor or fall in multilayer cutter ring and the processing gap of screw rod successively, repeat step one-six.
5. food materials particle as claimed in claim 4 is pulverized method it is characterised in that: also include step 9, repeat step three- Six to food materials are cut into be processed in gap by lower floor completely and sieve the particle falling.
6. food materials particle as described in claim 2,3,4 or 5 is pulverized method it is characterised in that: also include step 10, pass through Sieve, in processing gap, the particle falling to fall in fixed millstone and the processing gap of screw rod.
7. food materials particle as claimed in claim 6 is pulverized method it is characterised in that: also include step 11, by determining mill The filter screen of disk setting.
8. food materials particle as claimed in claim 6 is pulverized method it is characterised in that: be provided with cutter groove in described fixed millstone.
9. food materials particle as claimed in claim 4 is pulverized method it is characterised in that: the cutter groove not phase of each layer of described cutter ring Logical;, shallow upper depth under described cutter groove.
10. food materials particle as claimed in claim 1 or 2 is pulverized method it is characterised in that: described food materials feed as interval Add.
CN201610879859.3A 2016-10-09 2016-10-09 Method for crushing food material particles Active CN106334603B (en)

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Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JPS58195098A (en) * 1982-05-11 1983-11-14 Matsushita Electric Ind Co Ltd Vaccum cleaner
CN103417096A (en) * 2013-08-23 2013-12-04 徐小鸿 Filter screen mechanism and fruit and vegetable squeezing and grinding machine using same
CN203897989U (en) * 2014-06-17 2014-10-29 江门市贝尔斯顿电器有限公司 Big-caliber juice extractor
CN204133097U (en) * 2014-10-11 2015-02-04 慈溪市兆丰电器有限公司 One grinds juice extractor slowly
CN204764929U (en) * 2015-06-09 2015-11-18 宁波杰士达工程塑模有限公司 Juice extractor with prevent that feeding is returned and move back function

Patent Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JPS58195098A (en) * 1982-05-11 1983-11-14 Matsushita Electric Ind Co Ltd Vaccum cleaner
CN103417096A (en) * 2013-08-23 2013-12-04 徐小鸿 Filter screen mechanism and fruit and vegetable squeezing and grinding machine using same
CN203897989U (en) * 2014-06-17 2014-10-29 江门市贝尔斯顿电器有限公司 Big-caliber juice extractor
CN204133097U (en) * 2014-10-11 2015-02-04 慈溪市兆丰电器有限公司 One grinds juice extractor slowly
CN204764929U (en) * 2015-06-09 2015-11-18 宁波杰士达工程塑模有限公司 Juice extractor with prevent that feeding is returned and move back function

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