CN106332643A - Cultivation method of conical redpepper fruit - Google Patents

Cultivation method of conical redpepper fruit Download PDF

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Publication number
CN106332643A
CN106332643A CN201610744796.0A CN201610744796A CN106332643A CN 106332643 A CN106332643 A CN 106332643A CN 201610744796 A CN201610744796 A CN 201610744796A CN 106332643 A CN106332643 A CN 106332643A
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Prior art keywords
fructus capsici
cave
soil
water
cultural method
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CN201610744796.0A
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Chinese (zh)
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许海波
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许海波
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01BSOIL WORKING IN AGRICULTURE OR FORESTRY; PARTS, DETAILS, OR ACCESSORIES OF AGRICULTURAL MACHINES OR IMPLEMENTS, IN GENERAL
    • A01B79/00Methods for working soil
    • A01B79/02Methods for working soil combined with other agricultural processing, e.g. fertilising, planting
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01CPLANTING; SOWING; FERTILISING
    • A01C1/00Apparatus, or methods of use thereof, for testing or treating seed, roots, or the like, prior to sowing or planting

Abstract

The invention discloses a cultivation method of a conical redpepper fruit. The cultivation method comprises the steps of selecting seeds, raising seedlings, preparing soil, planting, managing, performing fertilizer topdressing, and preventing insects and diseases. The cultivation method of the conical redpepper fruit is simple in operation and scientific in implementation; the conical redpepper fruit obtained by cultivation is full, great in size and high in yield; the cultivation method provides a referential standard for cultivating the conical redpepper fruit, facilitates the cultivation of the conical redpepper fruit by farmers according to the reference, and has certain popularization significance.

Description

A kind of cultural method of Fructus Capsici
Technical field
The present invention relates to technical field of crop cultivation, more particularly, to a kind of cultural method of Fructus Capsici.
Background technology
Fructus Capsici, is the fruit of plant of Solanaceae Fructus Capsici.Annual herb, stem is upright, multi-branched.Single leaf alternate;Avette Or oblong, long 5~7 centimetres, full edge, end of blade point, base portion is gradually narrow;There is handle.Fructus Capsici is specifically native in Guangxi Tiandeng County The famous-brand and high-quality Fructus Capsici of plantation under the conditions of matter and weather.This green pepper fruit little towards sky, meat is thick, color and luster is scarlet, hot and spicy, and sweet-smelling is strong, product Matter is unique, once wins the title of nineteen eighty-three State Ministry of Foreign Trade and Economic Cooperation " quality product ", is described as " the first under heaven is peppery " and is famous in through the country Outward.
Nowadays the plantation of Fructus Capsici, still based on family's production, more disperses, each household has respective cultural method. But due to being limited to Professional knowledge and the limited experience of peasant household, usually will not apply fertilizer during peasant household's cultivation Fructus Capsici, deinsectization etc. so that Yield is very low, bad economic results.A kind of reasonable, efficient Fructus Capsici cultural method becomes urgent needss.
Content of the invention
It is an object of the invention to provide a kind of cultural method of Fructus Capsici, enable to Fructus Capsici and grow vigorously, improve and produce Amount and quality.
For reaching above-mentioned purpose, the present invention adopts the following technical scheme that
A kind of cultural method of Fructus Capsici, has following steps:
(1) choose seeds: the excellent Fructus Capsici seed full from head, individuality is larger, no disease and pests harm is encroached on;
(2) nursery: the excellent Fructus Capsici seed of described selection is soaked in 55-60 DEG C of water, soak time is 20-30 minute, Then the excellent Fructus Capsici seed of described selection is soaked in room temperature water, soak time 5-8 hour, natural wind after the completion of immersion Dry wait is planted;
(3) site preparation: the soil being ready to use in the excellent Fructus Capsici seed cultivating described selection is carried out ploughing deeply harrow broken, is carrying out Plough deeply and base manure and soil mixing are sprinkled on the soil of harrow broken, and tan by the sun under burning sun, making width after the completion of tanning by the sun is 0.8-1 rice Furrow, furrow width 0.3-0.5 rice, ditch depth 0.3-0.4 rice, finally on furrow, open cave by the line-spacing of 0.3-0.4 rice, between cave and cave Distance is 0.3-0.4 rice;
(4) plant: described open acupuncture point and put sowed, every cave seed number is 1-2 grain, covers soil near upper after sow, Cladding thickness is 2-3 centimetre, pours water after having covered soil;
(5) manage: periodically water, weeding and check germination, growing state, treat that Fructus Capsici seedling length has 3-4 to open leaf, Every cave only retains one plant, and others are transplanted on the hole not having germination, and unnecessary discards, and treats that Fructus Capsici seedling is higher than 8 After centimetre, carry out first time pinching and pinch, first time pinching is pinched and carried out second pinching and pinch after 3-5 week;
(6) impose fertilizer: add fertilizer to Fructus Capsici seedling week about, supplement nutrient needed for Fructus Capsici growth, Zong Gongsi Secondary;
(7) insect protected diseases prevention: pre- anti-mite, oriental tobacco budworm, Pyrausta nubilalis (Hubern)., red spider and aphid, with imidacloprid, pyridaben, emamectin benzoate 3000 times of a kind of liquid spray, preventing and treating broken disease, damping-off, epidemic disease, spray a medicine every one to two week.
Preferably, in described step (three) site preparation, plough deeply harrow broken and sprinkle the time that the soil of base manure tans by the sun in the sun For 3-5 hour.
Preferably, in described step (four) plantation, the sowing of Fructus Capsici is carried out in fine day.
Preferably, in described step (four) plantation, Solid nutritional liquid is also put at the edge in cave after having poured water in every cave.
Preferably, in described Solid nutritional liquid, water-retaining agent and the mass values of nutritional solution are 1:200.
Preferably, in described step (five) management, the operation that described first time pinching is pinched falls Fructus Capsici seedling for excision Top tip, only retains four leaves at top, and the operation that described second pinching is pinched, for extracing the top tip of Fructus Capsici side shoot, is only protected Stay four leaves at side shoot top.
Compared with prior art, the invention has the beneficial effects as follows: the present invention propose based on seed selection, nursery, site preparation, plantation, Manage, impose the cultural method of the Fructus Capsici of fertilizer and insect protected diseases prevention step, methods described is terse, science, is the cultivation of Fructus Capsici Training provides one kind and can use for reference standard, facilitates peasant's reference to carry out Fructus Capsici cultivation.
Specific embodiment
Technical scheme in the embodiment of the present invention will be clearly and completely described below.Obviously, described enforcement Example is only a part of embodiment of the present invention, rather than whole embodiments.Based on the embodiment in the present invention, this area is common The every other embodiment that technical staff is obtained under the premise of not making creative work, broadly falls into the model of present invention protection Enclose.
Embodiment 1
A kind of cultural method of Fructus Capsici, has following steps:
(1) choose seeds: the excellent Fructus Capsici seed full from head, individuality is larger, no disease and pests harm is encroached on.
(2) nursery: the excellent Fructus Capsici seed of described selection is soaked in 55 DEG C of water, soak time is 25 minutes, so Afterwards the excellent Fructus Capsici seed of described selection is soaked in room temperature water, soak time 7 hours, natural air drying etc. after the completion of immersion Wait to plant.
(3) site preparation: the soil being ready to use in the excellent Fructus Capsici seed cultivating described selection is carried out ploughing deeply harrow broken, is entering Go and base manure is sprinkled on the soil plough deeply harrow broken mixed with soil, and tanned by the sun under burning sun, making width after the completion of tanning by the sun has been 0.8 The furrow of rice, 0.4 meter of furrow width, 0.3 meter of ditch depth, finally on furrow, open cave by 0.3 meter of line-spacing, the distance between cave and cave are 0.3 Rice.
(4) plant: described open acupuncture point and put sowed, every cave seed number is 1-2 grain, based on 1, after having sowed Soil near in covering, cladding thickness is 3 centimetres, pours water after having covered soil.South is preferably planted in 2-3 month, and the north is preferably Plant after March.
(5) manage: periodically water, weeding and check germination, growing state, treat that Fructus Capsici seedling length has 4 leaves Son, every cave only retains one plant, and others are transplanted on the hole not having germination, and unnecessary discards, and treats that Fructus Capsici seedling is high After 8 centimetres, carry out first time pinching and pinch, first time pinching carries out second pinching after pinching 4 weeks and pinches.Just sowing is several It should pour enough water daily, water depending on weather condition later, and transplanting must not injure seedling root, and seedling will be given for transplanting Sufficient water.
(6) impose fertilizer: add fertilizer to Fructus Capsici seedling week about, be advisable with liquid dung, supplement Fructus Capsici growth institute Need nutrient, Zong Gongsi, whether apply fertilizer later and depend on the circumstances;The Fructus Capsici seedling of secondary transplanting must not be topdressed before transplantation for latter 3 days.
(7) insect protected diseases prevention: pre- anti-mite, oriental tobacco budworm, Pyrausta nubilalis (Hubern)., red spider and aphid, with imidacloprid, pyridaben, first dimension A kind of 3000 times of liquid in salt spray, preventing and treating broken disease, damping-off, epidemic disease, optionally can spray a medicine every one to two week. Fructus Capsici diseases prevention mainly proceeded by before bud stage, and bud stage the last fortnight just should be sprayed insecticide, weekly;First Every biweekly after secondary harvesting, even spray three times.Pesticide may be selected kresoxim-methyl, Difenoconazole, propiconazole, CGA-173506, thiophene bacterium One of copper, Prochloraz, chlorobromide isocyanuric acid, thiophanate methyl or carbendazim, and should be used alternatingly.For by sick disease Strain, disease fruit etc. will be processed in time, remove clean, prevent from infecting on a large scale.
Embodiment 2
A kind of cultural method of Fructus Capsici, has following steps:
(1) choose seeds: the excellent Fructus Capsici seed full from head, individuality is larger, no disease and pests harm is encroached on.
(2) nursery: the excellent Fructus Capsici seed of described selection is soaked in 55 DEG C of water, soak time is 25 minutes, so Afterwards the excellent Fructus Capsici seed of described selection is soaked in room temperature water, soak time 7 hours, natural air drying etc. after the completion of immersion Wait to plant.
(3) site preparation: the soil being ready to use in the excellent Fructus Capsici seed cultivating described selection is carried out ploughing deeply harrow broken, is entering Go and base manure is sprinkled on the soil plough deeply harrow broken mixed with soil, and tanned by the sun under burning sun, ploughed deeply harrow broken and sprinkle the mud of base manure The time that soil tans by the sun in the sun is 3-5 hour.The furrow that width is 0.8 meter, 0.4 meter of furrow width, ditch depth 0.3 is made after the completion of tanning by the sun Rice, finally opens cave by 0.3 meter of line-spacing on furrow, and the distance between cave and cave are 0.3 meter.
(4) plant: described open acupuncture point and put sowed, every cave seed number is 1-2 grain, based on 1, after having sowed Soil near in covering, cladding thickness is 3 centimetres, pours water, every cave is also put at the edge in cave after having poured water after having covered soil Upper Solid nutritional liquid, in Solid nutritional liquid, water-retaining agent and the mass values of nutritional solution are 1:200.The sowing of Fructus Capsici is entered in fine day OK, south is preferably planted in 2-3 month, and the north is planted preferably after March.
(5) manage: periodically water, weeding and check germination, growing state, treat that Fructus Capsici seedling length has 4 leaves Son, every cave only retains one plant, and others are transplanted on the hole not having germination, and unnecessary discards, and treats that Fructus Capsici seedling is high After 8 centimetres, carry out first time pinching and pinch, first time pinching carries out second pinching after pinching 4 weeks and pinches.First time pinching The operation pinched falls Fructus Capsici seedling top tip for excision, only retains four leaves at top, and the operation that second pinching is pinched is Extract the top tip of Fructus Capsici side shoot, only retain four leaves at side shoot top.That has just sowed should pour enough water in several days daily, Water depending on weather condition, transplanting must not injure seedling root, transplanting seedling will be to sufficient water later.
(6) impose fertilizer: add fertilizer to Fructus Capsici seedling week about, be advisable with liquid dung, supplement Fructus Capsici growth institute Need nutrient, Zong Gongsi, whether apply fertilizer later and depend on the circumstances;The Fructus Capsici seedling of secondary transplanting must not be topdressed before transplantation for latter 3 days.
(7) insect protected diseases prevention: pre- anti-mite, oriental tobacco budworm, Pyrausta nubilalis (Hubern)., red spider and aphid, with imidacloprid, pyridaben, first dimension A kind of 3000 times of liquid in salt spray, preventing and treating broken disease, damping-off, epidemic disease, optionally can spray a medicine every one to two week. Fructus Capsici diseases prevention mainly proceeded by before bud stage, and bud stage the last fortnight just should be sprayed insecticide, weekly;First Every biweekly after secondary harvesting, even spray three times.Pesticide may be selected kresoxim-methyl, Difenoconazole, propiconazole, CGA-173506, thiophene bacterium One of copper, Prochloraz, chlorobromide isocyanuric acid, thiophanate methyl or carbendazim, and should be used alternatingly.For by sick disease Strain, disease fruit etc. will be processed in time, remove clean, prevent from infecting on a large scale.
The conical redpepper fruit of the cultivation method of Fructus Capsici that the present invention provides is full, and build is big, yield foot, has one Fixed dissemination.
The above, the only specific embodiment of the present invention, but protection scope of the present invention is not limited thereto, and any Those familiar with the art the invention discloses technical scope in, the change or replacement that can readily occur in, all answer It is included within the scope of the present invention.Therefore, protection scope of the present invention with described scope of the claims should be Accurate.

Claims (6)

1. a kind of cultural method of Fructus Capsici is it is characterised in that there are following steps:
(1) choose seeds: the excellent Fructus Capsici seed full from head, individuality is larger, no disease and pests harm is encroached on;
(2) nursery: the excellent Fructus Capsici seed of described selection is soaked in 55-60 DEG C of water, soak time is 20-30 minute, Then the described excellent Fructus Capsici seed selected is soaked in room temperature water, soak time 5-8 hour, natural wind after the completion of immersion Dry wait is planted;
(3) site preparation: the soil being ready to use in the excellent Fructus Capsici seed cultivating described selection is carried out ploughing deeply harrow broken, is carrying out Plough deeply and base manure and soil mixing are sprinkled on the soil of harrow broken, and tan by the sun under burning sun, making width after the completion of tanning by the sun is 0.8-1 rice Furrow, furrow width 0.3-0.5 rice, ditch depth 0.3-0.4 rice, finally on furrow, open cave by the line-spacing of 0.3-0.4 rice, between cave and cave Distance is 0.3-0.4 rice;
(4) plant: described open acupuncture point and put sowed, every cave seed number is 1-2 grain, covers soil near upper after sow, Cladding thickness is 2-3 centimetre, pours water after having covered soil;
(5) manage: periodically water, weeding and check germination, growing state, treat that Fructus Capsici seedling length has 3-4 to open leaf, Every cave only retains one plant, and others are transplanted on the hole not having germination, and unnecessary discards, and treats that Fructus Capsici seedling is higher than 8 After centimetre, carry out first time pinching and pinch, first time pinching is pinched and carried out second pinching and pinch after 3-5 week;
(6) impose fertilizer: add fertilizer to Fructus Capsici seedling week about, supplement nutrient needed for Fructus Capsici growth, Zong Gongsi Secondary;
(7) insect protected diseases prevention: pre- anti-mite, oriental tobacco budworm, Pyrausta nubilalis (Hubern)., red spider and aphid, with imidacloprid, pyridaben, emamectin benzoate 3000 times of a kind of liquid spray, and described diseases prevention refers to prevent and treat broken disease, damping-off, epidemic disease, sprays a medicine every one to two week.
2. Fructus Capsici according to claim 1 cultural method it is characterised in that: in described step (three) site preparation, plough deeply Harrow broken to sprinkle the time that the soil of base manure tans by the sun in the sun be 3-5 hour.
3. Fructus Capsici according to claim 1 cultural method it is characterised in that: in the plantation of described step (four), refer to sky The sowing of green pepper is carried out in fine day.
4. Fructus Capsici according to claim 1 cultural method it is characterised in that: in the plantation of described step (four), every cave Also Solid nutritional liquid is put at the edge in cave after having poured water.
5. Fructus Capsici according to claim 4 cultural method it is characterised in that: in described Solid nutritional liquid water-retaining agent with The mass values of nutritional solution are 1:200.
6. Fructus Capsici according to claim 1 cultural method it is characterised in that: in the management of described step (five), described The operation that first time pinching is pinched falls Fructus Capsici seedling top tip for excision, only retains four leaves at top, described plucks for the second time The operation that the heart is pinched, for extracing the top tip of Fructus Capsici side shoot, only retains four leaves at side shoot top.
CN201610744796.0A 2016-08-29 2016-08-29 Cultivation method of conical redpepper fruit Withdrawn CN106332643A (en)

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Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103098632A (en) * 2013-01-29 2013-05-15 开县徐友农业开发有限公司 Pod pepper planting method
CN103155770A (en) * 2012-12-10 2013-06-19 来光业 Cultivation and management method of red cluster pepper
CN103583109A (en) * 2013-11-08 2014-02-19 苏州市相城区渭塘凤凰泾农业发展有限公司 Method for planting pod pepper
CN104206067A (en) * 2013-05-29 2014-12-17 梁德政 Capsicum annuum spot-sowing planting method
CN105432274A (en) * 2014-09-18 2016-03-30 青岛诚一知识产权服务有限公司 Cultivation method for pod pepper

Patent Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103155770A (en) * 2012-12-10 2013-06-19 来光业 Cultivation and management method of red cluster pepper
CN103098632A (en) * 2013-01-29 2013-05-15 开县徐友农业开发有限公司 Pod pepper planting method
CN104206067A (en) * 2013-05-29 2014-12-17 梁德政 Capsicum annuum spot-sowing planting method
CN103583109A (en) * 2013-11-08 2014-02-19 苏州市相城区渭塘凤凰泾农业发展有限公司 Method for planting pod pepper
CN105432274A (en) * 2014-09-18 2016-03-30 青岛诚一知识产权服务有限公司 Cultivation method for pod pepper

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