CN106322964B - A kind for the treatment of process of the drying of wood - Google Patents

A kind for the treatment of process of the drying of wood Download PDF

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Publication number
CN106322964B
CN106322964B CN201610706883.7A CN201610706883A CN106322964B CN 106322964 B CN106322964 B CN 106322964B CN 201610706883 A CN201610706883 A CN 201610706883A CN 106322964 B CN106322964 B CN 106322964B
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China
Prior art keywords
fixed
rod
timber
drying
cylinder
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Application number
CN201610706883.7A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN106322964A (en
Inventor
杨志刚
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Haining Hengsen Furniture Co Ltd
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Haining Hengsen Furniture Co Ltd
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Priority to CN201610706883.7A priority Critical patent/CN106322964B/en
Publication of CN106322964A publication Critical patent/CN106322964A/en
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Classifications

    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F26DRYING
    • F26BDRYING SOLID MATERIALS OR OBJECTS BY REMOVING LIQUID THEREFROM
    • F26B9/00Machines or apparatus for drying solid materials or objects at rest or with only local agitation; Domestic airing cupboards
    • F26B9/06Machines or apparatus for drying solid materials or objects at rest or with only local agitation; Domestic airing cupboards in stationary drums or chambers
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F26DRYING
    • F26BDRYING SOLID MATERIALS OR OBJECTS BY REMOVING LIQUID THEREFROM
    • F26B7/00Drying solid materials or objects by processes using a combination of processes not covered by a single one of groups F26B3/00 and F26B5/00
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F26DRYING
    • F26BDRYING SOLID MATERIALS OR OBJECTS BY REMOVING LIQUID THEREFROM
    • F26B15/00Machines or apparatus for drying objects with progressive movement; Machines or apparatus with progressive movement for drying batches of material in compact form
    • F26B15/02Machines or apparatus for drying objects with progressive movement; Machines or apparatus with progressive movement for drying batches of material in compact form with movement in the whole or part of a circle
    • F26B15/04Machines or apparatus for drying objects with progressive movement; Machines or apparatus with progressive movement for drying batches of material in compact form with movement in the whole or part of a circle in a horizontal plane
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65GTRANSPORT OR STORAGE DEVICES, e.g. CONVEYORS FOR LOADING OR TIPPING, SHOP CONVEYOR SYSTEMS OR PNEUMATIC TUBE CONVEYORS
    • B65G37/00Combinations of mechanical conveyors of the same kind, or of different kinds, of interest apart from their application in particular machines or use in particular manufacturing processes
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F26DRYING
    • F26BDRYING SOLID MATERIALS OR OBJECTS BY REMOVING LIQUID THEREFROM
    • F26B21/00Arrangements or duct systems, e.g. in combination with pallet boxes, for supplying and controlling air or gases for drying solid materials or objects
    • F26B21/004Nozzle assemblies; Air knives; Air distributors; Blow boxes
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F26DRYING
    • F26BDRYING SOLID MATERIALS OR OBJECTS BY REMOVING LIQUID THEREFROM
    • F26B21/00Arrangements or duct systems, e.g. in combination with pallet boxes, for supplying and controlling air or gases for drying solid materials or objects
    • F26B21/02Circulating air or gases in closed cycles, e.g. wholly within the drying enclosure
    • F26B21/022Circulating air or gases in closed cycles, e.g. wholly within the drying enclosure with provisions for changing the drying gas flow pattern, e.g. by reversing gas flow, by moving the materials or objects through subsequent compartments, at least two of which have a different direction of gas flow
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F26DRYING
    • F26BDRYING SOLID MATERIALS OR OBJECTS BY REMOVING LIQUID THEREFROM
    • F26B23/00Heating arrangements
    • F26B23/04Heating arrangements using electric heating
    • F26B23/06Heating arrangements using electric heating resistance heating
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F26DRYING
    • F26BDRYING SOLID MATERIALS OR OBJECTS BY REMOVING LIQUID THEREFROM
    • F26B25/00Details of general application not covered by group F26B21/00 or F26B23/00
    • F26B25/001Handling, e.g. loading or unloading arrangements
    • F26B25/003Handling, e.g. loading or unloading arrangements for articles
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F26DRYING
    • F26BDRYING SOLID MATERIALS OR OBJECTS BY REMOVING LIQUID THEREFROM
    • F26B25/00Details of general application not covered by group F26B21/00 or F26B23/00
    • F26B25/02Applications of driving mechanisms, not covered by another subclass
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F26DRYING
    • F26BDRYING SOLID MATERIALS OR OBJECTS BY REMOVING LIQUID THEREFROM
    • F26B2210/00Drying processes and machines for solid objects characterised by the specific requirements of the drying good
    • F26B2210/16Wood, e.g. lumber, timber

Abstract

The present invention provides a kind for the treatment of process of the drying of wood.It is excessively cumbersome that it solves the step of existing drying process, and needs manually to pick and place the technical problems such as timber, complex process.The treatment process of this drying of wood, which is characterized in that include the following steps:A, timber peeling is dried 12 for 24 hours;B, Nacl is sprinkled in wood surface, then shines 8 16h;C, timber is immersed in lime after 4 6h, taken out;D, wood surface is cut away by 1.5 2.5mm by common cutting machine, removes lime;E, timber is subjected to ending drying by drying system, it is 12 15% to be dried to moisture content.The present invention has the advantages that simple for process.

Description

A kind for the treatment of process of the drying of wood
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind for the treatment of process, particularly a kind for the treatment of process of the drying of wood.
Background technology
Furniture refers to that the mankind maintain normal life, are engaged in production practices and carry out the essential a kind of device of social activities Tool.Furniture also follows the step in epoch to continue to develop innovation, and of a great variety by now, materials are different, great variety of goods, and purposes is not One.Furniture includes the large piece articles such as wardrobe, desk, bed, sofa.Wherein, sofa is mainly by yoke, sponge, spring and slip cover Composition, and yoke is mainly made of timber, in order to ensure the product quality and service life of sofa, is needed at timber Reason.
Through retrieval, as Chinese patent literature discloses a kind of Wood drying technique【Application number:201510700042.0;It is public The number of opening:CN 105202870A】.This Wood drying technique, which is characterized in that include the following steps:1) the pre-heat treatment stage: Timber is put into hothouse, the preheating temperature of timber and default equilibrium moisture content are set, then using microwave heating and spray The mode that water combines, 45~55 DEG C are heated to by the temperature of timber;2) the high temperature and humidity stage:Continue using microwave heating and spray The mode that water combines, in 20~22min, 70~85 DEG C is heated to by the temperature of timber, and make the balance of timber at this time aqueous Rate is 28%~34% and 30~45min of holding;3) drying stage:A, the drying temperature in hothouse needed for timber is first set The final moisture content with timber, then the transmission power of microwave is adjusted, dry indoor Wood temperature is made to be down to 66~68 DEG C and protect It holds the temperature to be dried, the moisture content of timber is made to drop to 1.2~1.3 times of the final required moisture content of timber;B, then by The transmission power of successive step microwave, by moisture content by it is per minute decline 0.1% rate be down to timber it is final needed for it is aqueous 1.1~1.2 times of rate;C, dry indoor air pressure is then reduced, then adjusts the transmission power of microwave, by the drying of wood to timber Final required moisture content;4) stage is kept:Keep dry indoor pressure constant, when Wood temperature is down to 38~42 DEG C, The drying of timber can be completed.
Although the drying process disclosed in the patent can eliminate the surface stress and internal stress of timber, wood surface is prevented Cracking is interior, and still, the step of drying process is excessively cumbersome, and needs manually to pick and place timber, complex process, therefore, design It is necessary to go out a kind for the treatment of process of the drying of wood.
Invention content
The purpose of the present invention is being directed to existing technology, there are the above problems, it is proposed that a kind of processing work of drying of wood Skill, the treatment process have the characteristics that simple for process.
The purpose of the present invention can be realized by following technical proposal:A kind for the treatment of process of the drying of wood, feature exist In including the following steps:
A, 12-24h is dried into timber peeling;
B, Nacl is sprinkled in wood surface, then shines 8-16h;
C, timber is immersed in lime after 4-6h, taken out;
D, wood surface is cut away by 1.5-2.5mm by common cutting machine, removes lime;
E, timber is subjected to ending drying by drying system, is dried to moisture content as 12-15%.
Using process above, operating procedure can be greatly simplified, and without manually picking and placeing timber, so that it may realize its drying, work Skill is simple.
Drying system in the step e includes pedestal, is provided with conveying device on the pedestal, is also set successively on pedestal Put feeding device, drying unit and blanking device.
The operation principle of drying system is as follows:It, can be right by feeding device, conveying device, drying unit and blanking device Timber automatic charging, conveying, drying and blanking cross multioperation without artificial, can realize continuous continual drying operation, dry It is dry efficient.
The conveying device is fixed on including guide rail in a ring and several sliding seats, guide rail on pedestal, several sliding seats It being arranged on guide rail, sliding seat can drive its moving structure moved back and forth to be connected with one, and shaft is vertically arranged on sliding seat, Shaft lower end can drive its servo motor rotated to be connected with one, and shaft upper end is connected with square placement plate, sliding seat On be additionally provided with the location structure that timber can be located in placement plate.
When need by timber convey needed for station when, timber is put in placement plate, is determined timber by location structure Position live, by moving structure drive sliding seat move, sliding seat drive placement plate movement, placement plate by timber convey needed for work Position;Period can drive shaft to rotate by the output shaft of servo motor, and shaft drives sliding seat rotation, and sliding seat drives placement plate Rotation, can make the timber of adjacent two layers be staggeredly placed.
Several bracing pieces are additionally provided between the shaft and placement plate.
It using more than structure, can be reinforced between countershaft and placement plate by bracing piece, the connection for increasing the two is strong Degree.
The moving structure includes rack, stepper motor and driving wheel in a ring, and rack is fixed on guide rail, stepping electricity Machine is fixed on sliding seat, and straight down, driving wheel is fixed on the output shaft of stepper motor the output shaft of stepper motor, driving Wheel and rack is meshed.
When needing to move back and forth sliding seat, the output shaft of stepper motor is controlled to rotate, the output shaft band of stepper motor Dynamic driving wheel rotation, driving wheel and rack are meshed and move back and forth sliding seat.
The location structure includes positioning pressuring plate, positioning cylinder and mounting bracket, and mounting bracket is fixed on sliding seat, positioning cylinder It being fixed on mounting bracket, straight down, the piston rod end of positioning cylinder is connected the piston rod of positioning cylinder with positioning pressuring plate, and Positioning pressuring plate can lean with sliding seat.
When needing timber being located in placement plate, the piston rod of positioning cylinder is controlled to move up and down, positioning cylinder Piston rod drives positioning pressuring plate to move up and down, and positioning pressuring plate positions timber.
Several universal wheels are additionally provided on the sliding seat, and universal wheel leans with pedestal.
Using more than structure, the slip of sliding seat is can ensure that by universal wheel, meanwhile, it plays a supporting role.
The material of the positioning pressuring plate is stainless steel.
Using more than material, the usage time of positioning pressuring plate can be extended.
The positioning pressuring plate is equipped with several air holes.
Using more than structure, can enable air to circulate in positioning pressuring plate upper and lower sides by air hole.
Rubber strip is further fixed on the positioning pressuring plate.
Using more than structure, positioning pressuring plate can be made preferably to position by rubber strip.
The feeding device includes first conveyer belt, storing board, manipulator and mounting bar, and first conveyer belt is arranged on pedestal On, guiding structure is provided in first conveyer belt, storing board is inclined on pedestal, is had several idler wheels on storing board, is deposited Putting plate can drive its mobile mechanism moved back and forth to be connected with one, and storing board upper end is leaned on close to first conveyer belt, storing board lower end Nearly guide rail, storing board lower end are further fixed on limiting plate, and the separation structure that can separate timber, manipulator are provided on limiting plate One end is fixed on pedestal, and the manipulator other end is connected with mounting bar, and several mounting blocks, two neighboring peace are fixed on mounting bar The positioning region for positioning timber is formed between dress block, the clamping knot that timber can be located in positioning region is additionally provided on pedestal Structure.
When needing timber being input in placement plate, timber is put into first conveyer belt one by one, passes through guiding structure Timber is oriented to, with the rotation of first conveyer belt, timber is transported on storing board, is driven and stored by mobile mechanism Plate moves back and forth, and multiple timber can be lain on storing board, is moved by mechanical hand-motion mounting bar, mounting blocks is made to be inserted into wood Between material, timber is positioned by clamping structure, is conveyed in placement plate by manipulator, input is quick.
The separation structure is several by hole and several demarcation strips on limiting plate including being opened in, and demarcation strip is set respectively Accordingly, by the way that in hole, demarcation strip one end can push its pusher cylinder moved back and forth to be connected with one, the demarcation strip other end is Separate end, and separate end to stretch out limiting plate.
Using more than structure, the separation end of demarcation strip is made to stretch out limiting plate by the push rod of pusher cylinder, demarcation strip can be Storing board is separated and limits to timber, and certain gap can be kept between adjacent timber when moving.
The guiding structure includes left importing item and right importing item, and it is defeated that left importing item and right importing item are separately fixed at first Send band both sides, it is left import item and it is right import item between formed for timber by introduction channel.
Using more than structure, by left importing item and the right effect for importing item, can make timber convey in first conveyer belt Direction of travel is parallel, and is moved on desired position in first conveyer belt.
The clamping structure includes left air bag, right air bag, communicating pipe and air pump, and left air bag is fixed on the left of positioning region, right Air bag is fixed on the right side of positioning region, communicating pipe one end be connected with left air bag, communicating pipe the other end be connected with right air bag, in communicating pipe Portion is connected with tracheae one end, and the tracheae other end can be connected with the external world, and air pump is arranged on tracheae.
When needing to position in the timber on mounting bar, air pump is opened, outside air is transported to left air bag and right gas In capsule, as the volume of left air bag and right air bag becomes larger, the timber on mounting bar can be positioned, reliable clamping.
Flow control valve is additionally provided on the tracheae.
Using more than structure, the air-flow size in tracheae is adjusted by flow control valve.
The mobile mechanism includes stent, guide rod, guide sleeve and the first push-rod electric machine, stent and is fixed on pedestal, guide rod water Flat to be fixed on stent, guide sleeve is arranged on guide rod, and the first push-rod electric machine is fixed on stent, the push rod water of the first push-rod electric machine Flat setting, the push rod end of the first push-rod electric machine are connected with guide sleeve, and storing board is fixed on guide sleeve.
When needing to move back and forth storing board, the push rod of the first push-rod electric machine of control moves back and forth, the first push-rod electric machine Push rod drive guide sleeve move back and forth, guide sleeve drive storing board move back and forth.
On the left air bag also there is the left anti-slip part of several protrusions, also there is the right anti-skidding of several protrusions on right air bag Portion.
Using more than structure, its frictional force can be increased, avoid having skidded during use.
The drying unit includes baking oven, electric heating tube, several diversion pipes, detection plate and display screen, baking oven and is fixed on bottom On seat, baking oven one end has input port, and the baking oven other end has delivery outlet, and guide rail is penetrated from input port and worn from delivery outlet Go out, electric heating tube is arranged in baking oven, and several diversion pipes are separately positioned in oven side wall, and diversion pipe and one can drive its rotation Rotating mechanism be connected, aspiration pump and check valve are provided on diversion pipe, detection plate is arranged in baking oven, detection plate and an energy band The lifting cylinder for moving its oscilaltion is connected, and Hygrothermograph is provided in detection plate, Hygrothermograph passes through circuit and display screen phase Even.
When needing to dry timber, placement plate is moved in baking oven, baking oven is made to heat up by electric heating tube, is led to Crossing the effect of aspiration pump and check valve makes air one-way flow in diversion pipe, kuppe is driven to turn round by rotating mechanism Dynamic, can form the annular airflow of different directions makes bulk temperature in baking oven uniform, by the timber stoving in placement plate, drying effect It is good.
The rotating mechanism includes rotary electric machine, rotation axis, driving gear, driven gear and installing frame, and installing frame is fixed Outside baking oven, rotary electric machine is fixed on installing frame, and the output shaft of rotary electric machine is horizontally disposed with, and driving gear is fixed on rotation electricity On the output shaft of machine, rotation axis is horizontally set on installing frame, and rotation axis one end is stretched into baking oven to be connected with diversion pipe middle part, from Moving gear is fixed on the rotation axis other end, and driving gear is meshed with driven gear.
When needing that diversion pipe is made to carry out back rotation, the output shaft of rotary electric machine is controlled to come back rotation, the output of rotary electric machine Axis drives driving gear to carry out back rotation, and driving gear drives driven gear to carry out back rotation, and driven gear drives rotation axis to turn round Dynamic, rotation axis drives diversion pipe to carry out back rotation.
Instruction structure is provided on the installing frame, instruction structure includes indicator and indicating ring, and indicator, which is fixed on, to be turned On moving axis, indicating ring is fixed on by connecting rod on baking oven, has angle line on indicating ring, and indicator is towards the angle of indicating ring Line.
Using more than structure, indicating ring is directed toward by indicator, the angle position of diversion pipe can be viewed, instruction is convenient.
The sliding groove of annular is further opened on the indicating ring, limited block is provided with, and limited block can be with finger in sliding groove Show that needle leans, fixing bolt is also threaded on limited block, fixing bolt end can be resisted against on indicating ring.
Using more than structure, being slided in sliding groove by limited block, limited block can limit indicator, so as to Kuppe is made to turn to required angle.
Insulating layer is additionally provided with outside the baking oven, the material of insulating layer is rock wool heat-preservation felt.
Using more than structure, the heat that can be reduced by insulating layer in baking oven scatters and disappears.
Support base is further fixed on the pedestal, support base is provided with several air-coolers on delivery outlet, support base, cold The outlet air mouth down of wind turbine.
Using more than structure, the timber dried can be cooled down by air-cooler.
The first controller is further fixed on the installing frame, Hygrothermograph and display screen are connected with first controller.
The blanking device includes the second conveyer belt, pushing plate, lifting frame, support plate and driving cylinder, the second conveyer belt Be set on the base, second conveyer belt one end is fixing end, and the second conveyer belt other end is swinging end, swinging end close to guide rail, And swinging end can drive its swing mechanism swung up and down to be connected with one, lifting frame is set on the base, and lifts frame and an energy band The elevating mechanism for moving its oscilaltion is connected, and driving cylinder is fixed on lifting frame one end, and the piston rod of cylinder is driven to be horizontally disposed with, The piston rod end of driving cylinder is connected with pushing plate, and support plate is fixed on by connecting rod on the lifting frame other end, and is supported Between plate and pushing plate have for placement plate by gap, lift frame on also have derived type structure.
When needing to export timber from placement plate, after timber stoving, placement plate is moved to the second conveyer belt side Portion drives lifting frame to move up and down, desired height position can be adjusted as needed so as to lift frame by elevating mechanism;Control The piston rod of driving cylinder moves back and forth, and drives the piston rod of cylinder that pushing plate is driven to move back and forth, pushing plate will be in placement plate Timber be successively pushed on the second conveyer belt and output it, blanking is quick;It can be to the next of top layer's timber by support plate Layer is supported, and avoids inadvertently falling off during push;Guiding role is played when being exported by derived type structure to timber.
Cushion pad is further fixed on the pushing plate, the material of cushion pad is rubber.
Using more than structure, pushing plate and timber can be avoided to be in direct contact by cushion pad, play cushioning effect.
The swing mechanism includes oscillating cylinder and oscillating rod, and oscillating rod one end and pedestal are hinged, the oscillating rod other end It is hinged with swinging end, oscillating cylinder and pedestal are hinged, and the piston rod of oscillating cylinder is obliquely installed, the piston rod of oscillating cylinder It is hinged in the middle part of end and oscillating rod.
When needing to swing up and down the swinging end of the second conveyer belt, the piston rod of oscillating cylinder is controlled to move back and forth, put Take offence cylinder piston rod drive oscillating rod move back and forth, oscillating rod swings up and down the swinging end of the second conveyer belt.
The elevating mechanism includes locating rack, guide rod, guide sleeve and the second push-rod electric machine, locating rack and is fixed on pedestal On, guide rod is fixed in positioning vertically, and guiding is set on guide rod, and the second push-rod electric machine is fixed on locating rack, the Straight down, the push rod end of the second push-rod electric machine is connected the push rod of two push-rod electric machines with guide sleeve, and lifting frame passes through fixed link It is fixed on guide sleeve.
When needing to move up and down lifting frame, the push rod of the second push-rod electric machine of control moves up and down, the second push-rod electric machine Push rod drive guide sleeve move up and down, guide sleeve drive lifting frame move up and down.
The derived type structure includes left export item, right export item and adjustment bar, and adjustment bar is fixed on lifting frame, adjustment bar On be provided with left slider and right sliding block, left positioning bolt has been bolted on left slider, right positioning has been bolted on right sliding block Bolt, left export item are fixed on left slider, and right export item is fixed on right sliding block, are formed between left export item and right export item For timber by export channel.
Using more than structure, by the effect of left export item and right export item, timber can be made smoothly to be output to the second conveying It takes.
The derived type structure further includes left pointer and right pointer, has graduation mark, left pointer and right pointer point in adjustment bar It is not fixed on left slider and right sliding block, and left pointer and right pointer are respectively directed to the graduation mark in adjustment bar.
Using more than structure, the graduation mark being respectively directed to by left pointer and right pointer in adjustment bar can quickly be found and see The size of channel is exported, instruction is intuitive.
Be further fixed on second controller on the locating rack, driving cylinder, oscillating cylinder and the second push-rod electric machine with this Second controller is connected.
Compared with prior art, the treatment process of this drying of wood has the advantages that this:It can be greatly simplified in present treatment technique Operating procedure, and without manually picking and placeing timber, so that it may realize its drying, it is simple for process.
Description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is the planar structure schematic diagram of the present invention.
Fig. 2 is the planar structure schematic diagram of moving structure in the present invention.
Fig. 3 is the planar structure schematic diagram of feeding device in the present invention.
Fig. 4 is the planar structure schematic diagram that the present invention removes part.
Fig. 5 is the sectional view of separation structure in the present invention.
Fig. 6 is the planar structure schematic diagram of drying unit in the present invention.
Fig. 7 is the planar structure schematic diagram of instruction structure in the present invention
Fig. 8 is the planar structure schematic diagram of blanking device in the present invention.
Fig. 9 is the dimensional structure diagram that the present invention removes part.
In figure, 1, pedestal;2nd, first conveyer belt;3rd, left importing item;4th, limiting plate;4a, pass through hole;5th, the first push rod electricity Machine;6th, baking oven;7th, support base;8th, air-cooler;9th, rack;11st, the second conveyer belt;12nd, guide rail;13rd, placement plate;14th, guide rod; 15th, stent;16th, guide sleeve;17th, storing board;18th, right importing item;19th, sliding seat;21st, stepper motor;22nd, driving wheel;23rd, it is mechanical Hand;24th, mounting bar;25th, tracheae;26th, flow control valve;27th, air pump;28th, communicating pipe;29th, mounting blocks;31st, right air bag;32、 Left air bag;33rd, universal wheel;34th, mounting bracket;35th, positioning cylinder;36th, positioning pressuring plate;37th, shaft;38th, servo motor;39th, divide Partition board;41st, pusher cylinder;42nd, electric heating tube;43rd, the first controller;44th, Hygrothermograph;45th, detection plate;46th, display screen; 47th, lifting cylinder;49th, aspiration pump;51st, rotation axis;52nd, driven gear;53rd, rotary electric machine;54th, installing frame;55th, driving tooth Wheel;56th, check valve;57th, diversion pipe;58th, indicating ring;58a, sliding groove;59th, indicator;61st, fixing bolt;62nd, limited block; 63rd, oscillating rod;64th, oscillating cylinder;65th, second controller;66th, guide rod;67th, guide sleeve;68th, locating rack;69th, the second push rod Motor;71st, cylinder is driven;72nd, pushing plate;73rd, frame is lifted;74th, support plate;76th, left slider;77th, left positioning bolt;78th, it is left Export item;79th, adjustment bar;81st, right export item;82nd, right positioning bolt;83rd, right sliding block.
Specific embodiment
The following is specific embodiments of the present invention and with reference to attached drawing, technical scheme of the present invention is further described, But the present invention is not limited to these embodiments.
The treatment process of this drying of wood, includes the following steps:
A, 12-24h is dried into timber peeling;In the present embodiment, 18h is dried into timber peeling;
B, Nacl is sprinkled in wood surface, then shines 8-16h;In the present embodiment, then 10h is shone, Nacl uses market On the existing product that can buy;
C, timber is immersed in lime after 4-6h, taken out;In the present embodiment, timber is immersed in lime after 5h;
D, wood surface is cut away by 1.5-2.5mm by common cutting machine, removes lime;In the present embodiment, pass through Wood surface is cut away 1.8mm by common cutting machine;
E, timber is subjected to ending drying by drying system, is dried to moisture content as 12-15%;In the present embodiment, It is 14% to be dried to moisture content.
Using the technique, operating procedure can be greatly simplified, and without manually picking and placeing timber, so that it may realize its drying, technique Simply.
As shown in Figure 1, the drying system in step e includes pedestal 1, the material of pedestal 1 is iron;It is provided on pedestal 1 defeated Device is sent, feeding device, drying unit and blanking device are also set gradually on pedestal 1.
As Figure 1 and Figure 4, conveying device includes guide rail 12 in a ring and several sliding seats 19, in the present embodiment, Guide rail 12 is fixed on using the existing product that can be bought in the market, guide rail 12 on pedestal 1, the side that guide rail 12 is bolted Formula is fixed on pedestal 1;Several sliding seats 19 are arranged on guide rail 12, and in the present embodiment, the quantity of sliding seat 19 is three; Sliding seat 19 can drive its moving structure moved back and forth to be connected with one, and shaft 37, shaft 37 are vertically arranged on sliding seat 19 Lower end can drive its servo motor 38 rotated to be connected with one, and servo motor 38 is fixed on sliding seat 19, servo motor 38 Output shaft is connected with 37 lower end of shaft;37 upper end of shaft is connected with square placement plate 13, and 37 upper end of shaft is connected by key The mode connect is connected with placement plate 13;The location structure that timber can be located in placement plate 13 is additionally provided on sliding seat 19; Several bracing pieces are additionally provided between shaft 37 and placement plate 13, it in the present embodiment, can be right by bracing piece using the structure It is reinforced between shaft 37 and placement plate 13, increases the bonding strength of the two.
As shown in Figure 1 and Figure 2, moving structure includes rack 9, stepper motor 21 and driving wheel 22 in a ring, in this implementation In example, rack 9 is using the existing product that can be bought in the market;Rack 9 is fixed on guide rail 12, and rack 9 is bolted Mode be fixed on guide rail 12;Stepper motor 21 is fixed on sliding seat 19, and stepper motor 21 is by bolted connection It is fixed on sliding seat 19;Straight down, driving wheel 22 is fixed on the output shaft of stepper motor 21 to the output shaft of stepper motor 21 On, driving wheel 22 is fixed on by way of key connection on the output shaft of stepper motor 21;Driving wheel 22 is meshed with rack 9.
As shown in figure 4, location structure includes positioning pressuring plate 36, positioning cylinder 35 and mounting bracket 34, mounting bracket 34, which is fixed, to be slided On dynamic seat 19, mounting bracket 34 is fixed on sliding seat 19 by bolted connection;Positioning cylinder 35 is fixed on mounting bracket 34, The hint that positioning cylinder 35 is bolted is fixed on mounting bracket 34;The piston rod of positioning cylinder 35 straight down, positions The piston rod end of cylinder 35 is connected with positioning pressuring plate 36, the piston rod end of positioning cylinder 35 by bolted connection and Positioning pressuring plate 36 is connected;And positioning pressuring plate 36 can lean with sliding seat 19.
As shown in figure 4, several universal wheels 33, in the present embodiment, the quantity of universal wheel 33 are additionally provided on sliding seat 19 It is four;And universal wheel 33 leans with pedestal 1;Using the structure, the slip of sliding seat 19 is can ensure that by universal wheel 33, together When, it plays a supporting role.
The material of positioning pressuring plate 36 is stainless steel;Using the material, the usage time of positioning pressuring plate 36 can be extended.
Positioning pressuring plate 36 is equipped with several air holes, and in the present embodiment, the quantity of air hole is 50;Using the knot Structure can enable air to circulate in 36 upper and lower sides of positioning pressuring plate by air hole.
Rubber strip is further fixed on positioning pressuring plate 36, using the structure, positioning pressuring plate 36 can be made better by rubber strip Positioning.
As shown in Figure 1, Figure 3, feeding device includes first conveyer belt 2, storing board 17, manipulator 23 and mounting bar 24, the One conveyer belt 2 is arranged on pedestal 1, and guiding structure is provided in first conveyer belt 2, and storing board 17 is inclined on pedestal 1, There are several idler wheels, in the present embodiment, the quantity of idler wheel is 30 on storing board 17;Storing board 17 and one can drive it to come The dynamic mobile mechanism of return is connected, and 17 upper end of storing board is close to first conveyer belt 2, and 17 lower end of storing board is close to guide rail 12, storage 17 lower end of plate is further fixed on limiting plate 4, and 17 lower end of storing board is fixed with limiting plate 4 by bolted connection;On limiting plate 4 The separation structure that timber can be separated is provided with, 23 one end of manipulator is fixed on pedestal 1,23 other end of manipulator and installation Item 24 is connected, and several mounting blocks 29 are fixed on mounting bar 24, and in the present embodiment, the quantity of mounting blocks 29 is six;It is adjacent The positioning region for positioning timber is formed between two mounting blocks 29, is additionally provided on pedestal 1 and timber can be located in positioning region In clamping structure.
As shown in figure 5, separation structure include being opened in it is several by hole 4a and several demarcation strips 39 on limiting plate 4, In the present embodiment, the quantity by hole 4a is six, and the quantity of partition board is six;Demarcation strip 39 is separately positioned on to be passed through accordingly In the 4a of hole, 39 one end of demarcation strip can push its pusher cylinder 41 moved back and forth to be connected with one, and 39 other end of demarcation strip is separates End, and separation end can stretch out limiting plate 4.
As shown in Figure 1, guiding structure includes left importing item 3 and right importing item 18, left importing item 3 and right importing item 18 are distinguished Be fixed on 2 both sides of first conveyer belt, it is left import item 3 and it is right import between item 18 formed for timber by introduction channel;Using The structure, by it is left importing item 3 and it is right import item 18 effect, can make timber convey in 2 direction of travel phase of first conveyer belt It is parallel, and moved on desired position in first conveyer belt 2.
As shown in figure 3, clamping structure includes left air bag 32, right air bag 31, communicating pipe 28 and air pump 27, left air bag 32 is fixed On the left of positioning region, right air bag 31 is fixed on the right side of positioning region, and communicating pipe, 28 one end was connected with left air bag 32, and communicating pipe 28 is another End is connected with right air bag 31, and communicating pipe, 28 middle part was connected with 25 one end of tracheae, and 25 other end of tracheae can be connected with the external world, gas Pump 27 is arranged on tracheae 25;Flow control valve 26 is additionally provided on tracheae 25, it, can by flow control valve 26 using the structure Adjust the air-flow size in tracheae 25.
As shown in Figure 1, mobile mechanism includes stent 15, guide rod 14,16 and first push-rod electric machine 5 of guide sleeve, stent 15 is fixed On pedestal 1, stent 15 is fixed on by bolted connection on pedestal 1;Guide rod 14 is horizontally fixed on stent 15, guide rod 14 are fixed on by bolted connection on stent 15;And guide rod 14 and 2 direction of travel of first conveyer belt are perpendicular, guide sleeve 16 It is arranged on guide rod 14, the first push-rod electric machine 5 is fixed on stent 15, and the first push-rod electric machine 5 is solid by bolted connection It is scheduled on stent 15;The push rod of first push-rod electric machine 5 is horizontally disposed with, and the push rod end of the first push-rod electric machine 5 is connected with guide sleeve 16, The push rod end of first push-rod electric machine 5 is connected by bolted connection with guide sleeve 16;Storing board 17 is fixed on guide sleeve 16, Storing board 17 is fixed on by welding on guide sleeve 16.
On left air bag 32 also there is the left anti-slip part of several protrusions, also there is the right anti-skidding of several protrusions on right air bag 31 Portion, in the present embodiment, the quantity of left anti-slip part and right anti-slip part is ten;Using the structure, its frictional force can be increased, avoided It is had skidded during use.
As shown in Fig. 1, Fig. 6, drying unit includes baking oven 6, electric heating tube 42, several diversion pipes 57, detection plate 45 and shows Display screen 46, baking oven 6 are fixed on pedestal 1, and baking oven 6 is fixed on by bolted connection on pedestal 1;6 one end of baking oven has Input port, 6 other end of baking oven has delivery outlet, and guide rail 12 is penetrated from input port and is pierced by from delivery outlet, and electric heating tube 42 is set It puts in baking oven 6, several diversion pipes 57 are separately positioned on 6 side wall of baking oven, and in the present embodiment, the quantity of diversion pipe 57 is four It is a, it is respectively distributed on four side walls of baking oven 6;Diversion pipe 57 can drive its rotating mechanism rotated to be connected with one, diversion pipe Aspiration pump 49 and check valve 56 are provided on 57, detection plate 45 is arranged in baking oven 6, and detection plate 45 and one can drive it to rise up and down The lifting cylinder 47 of drop is connected, and lifting cylinder 47 is fixed on baking oven 6, the piston rod of lifting cylinder 47 straight down, lifting air The piston rod end of cylinder 47 is connected with detection plate 45;Hygrothermograph 44 is provided in detection plate 45, Hygrothermograph 44 passes through circuit It is connected with display screen 46, in the present embodiment, Hygrothermograph 44 is using the existing product that can be bought in the market.
As shown in fig. 6, rotating mechanism includes rotary electric machine 53, rotation axis 51, driving gear 55, driven gear 52 and installation Frame 54, installing frame 54 are fixed on outside baking oven 6, and installing frame 54 is fixed on by bolted connection outside baking oven 6;Rotary electric machine 53 It is fixed on installing frame 54, rotary electric machine 53 is fixed on by bolted connection on installing frame 54;Rotary electric machine 53 it is defeated Shaft is horizontally disposed with, and driving gear 55 is fixed on the output shaft of rotary electric machine 53, and driving gear 55 is by way of key connection It is fixed on the output shaft of rotary electric machine 53;Rotation axis 51 is horizontally set on installing frame 54, and baking oven 6 is stretched into 51 one end of rotation axis Interior to be connected with 57 middle part of diversion pipe, 51 one end of rotation axis is connected by welding with 57 middle part of diversion pipe;Driven gear 52 It is fixed on 51 other end of rotation axis, driven gear 52 is fixed on by way of key connection on 51 other end of rotation axis;Actively Gear 55 is meshed with driven gear 52;In the present embodiment, the cooperating number set of the quantity of rotating mechanism and diversion pipe 57, i.e., It is four groups.
As shown in fig. 7, being provided with instruction structure on installing frame 54, instruction structure includes indicator 59 and indicating ring 58, refers to Show that needle 59 is fixed in rotation axis 51, indicating ring 58 is fixed on by connecting rod on baking oven 6, is had angle line on indicating ring 58, is referred to Show needle 59 towards the angle line of indicating ring 58;Using the structure, indicating ring 58 is directed toward by indicator 59, diversion pipe can be viewed 57 angle position, instruction are convenient.
As shown in fig. 7, being further opened with the sliding groove 58a of annular on indicating ring 58, limited block is provided in sliding groove 58a 62, and limited block 62 can lean with indicator 59, and fixing bolt 61,61 end of fixing bolt are also threaded on limited block 62 Portion can be resisted against on indicating ring 58;It using the structure, is slided in sliding groove 58a by limited block 62, limited block 62 can be to referring to Show that needle 59 is limited, so as to which kuppe is made to turn to required angle.
Insulating layer is additionally provided with outside baking oven 6, the material of insulating layer is rock wool heat-preservation felt;Using the structure, pass through insulating layer The heat that can be reduced in baking oven 6 scatters and disappears.
As shown in Figure 1, being further fixed on support base 7 on pedestal 1, support base 7 is close to delivery outlet, if being provided on support base 7 Dry and cold wind turbine 8, in the present embodiment, the quantity of air-cooler 8 is two;The outlet air mouth down of air-cooler 8;Using the structure, lead to The timber dried can be cooled down by crossing air-cooler 8.
As shown in fig. 6, be further fixed on the first controller 43 on installing frame 54, Hygrothermograph 44 and display screen 46 with this One controller 43 is connected, and in the present embodiment, the first controller 43 is using the microcontroller that can be bought in the market, microcontroller control The program of Hygrothermograph and display screen is existing, and program does not need to update.
As shown in Fig. 1, Fig. 8, blanking device includes the second conveyer belt 11, pushing plate 72, lifting frame 73, support plate 74 and drives It takes offence cylinder 71, the second conveyer belt 11 is arranged on pedestal 1, and 11 one end of the second conveyer belt is fixing end, and the second conveyer belt 11 is another It holds as swinging end, swinging end is close to guide rail 12, and swinging end can drive its swing mechanism swung up and down to be connected with one, lifts frame 73 are arranged on pedestal 1, and lifting frame 73 can drive the elevating mechanism of its oscilaltion to be connected with one, and driving cylinder 71 is fixed on liter 73 one end of frame drops, and driving cylinder 71 is fixed on 73 one end of lifting frame by bolted connection;Drive the piston rod of cylinder 71 Horizontally disposed, the piston rod end of driving cylinder 71 is connected with pushing plate 72, and the piston rod end of driving cylinder 71 passes through bolt The mode of connection is connected with pushing plate 72;Support plate 74 is fixed on lifting 73 other end of frame, and 74 He of support plate by connecting rod Between pushing plate 72 have for placement plate 13 by gap, lift frame 73 on also have derived type structure.
Cushion pad is further fixed on pushing plate 72, the material of cushion pad is rubber;Using the structure, can be kept away by cushion pad Exempt from pushing plate 72 and timber is in direct contact, play cushioning effect.
As shown in figure 8, swing mechanism includes oscillating cylinder 64 and oscillating rod 63,63 one end of oscillating rod and pedestal 1 are hinged, 63 other end of oscillating rod and swinging end are hinged, and oscillating cylinder 64 and pedestal 1 are hinged, and the piston rod inclination of oscillating cylinder 64 is set It puts, the piston rod end and 63 middle part of oscillating rod of oscillating cylinder 64 are hinged.
As shown in figure 8, elevating mechanism includes locating rack 68, guide rod 66,67 and second push-rod electric machine 69 of guide sleeve, positioning Frame 68 is fixed on pedestal 1, and locating rack 68 is fixed on by bolted connection on pedestal 1;Guide rod 66 is fixed on vertically In positioning, guide rod 66 is fixed in positioning by bolted connection;Guide sleeve 67 is arranged on guide rod 66, and second pushes away Bar motor 69 is fixed on locating rack 68, and the second push-rod electric machine 69 is fixed on by bolted connection on locating rack 68;The Straight down, the push rod end of the second push-rod electric machine 69 is connected the push rod of two push-rod electric machines 69 with guide sleeve 67, the second push rod electricity The push rod end of machine 69 is connected by bolted connection with guide sleeve 67;Lifting frame 73 is fixed on guide sleeve by fixed link On 67.
It is fixed on as shown in figure 9, derived type structure includes left export item 78, right export item 81 and adjustment bar 79, adjustment bar 79 It lifts on frame 73, adjustment bar 79 is fixed on by bolted connection on lifting frame 73;Left slider is provided in adjustment bar 79 76 and right sliding block 83, left positioning bolt 77 has been bolted on left slider 76, and right positioning bolt has been bolted on right sliding block 83 82, left export item 78 is fixed on left slider 76, and right export item 81 is fixed on right sliding block 83, left export item 78 and right export item Between 81 formed for timber by export channel;It, can by the effect of left export item 78 and right export item 81 using the structure Timber is made smoothly to be output on the second conveyer belt 11;Derived type structure further includes left pointer and right pointer, has in adjustment bar 79 and carves Line is spent, left pointer and right pointer are separately fixed at left slider 76 and right sliding block 83, and left pointer and right pointer are respectively directed to adjust Graduation mark on item 79;Using the structure, the graduation mark being respectively directed to by left pointer and right pointer in adjustment bar 79 can be quick The size for seeing export channel is found, instruction is intuitive.
As shown in figure 8, second controller 65 is further fixed on locating rack 68, driving cylinder 71, oscillating cylinder 64 and second Push-rod electric machine 69 is connected with the second controller 65, and in the present embodiment, second controller 65 is used and can be bought in the market Microcontroller, to be existing, program does not need to update the program of microcontroller control cylinder and motor.
The operation principle of drying system is as follows:The output shaft of control stepper motor 21 drives driving wheel 22 to rotate, driving wheel 22 are meshed with rack 9 moves sliding seat 19, and sliding seat 19 drives placement plate 13 to move, and placement plate 13 is made to be located at the first conveying 2 side of band;
Timber is put into one by one in first conveyer belt 2, timber is oriented to by left importing item 3 and right importing item 18, With the rotation of first conveyer belt 2, timber is transported on storing board 17;The push rod of the first push-rod electric machine 5 is controlled to drive guide sleeve 16 move from left to right, and guide sleeve 16 drives storing board 17 to move from left to right, multiple timber is lain on storing board 17, and phase Even there is gap between two timber;After 17 last layer of storing board is piled, mounting bar 24 is driven to move by manipulator 23, make installation Block 29 is inserted between timber, is opened air pump 27, outside air is transported in left air bag 32 and right air bag 31, with left air bag 32 and the volume of right air bag 31 become larger, the timber on mounting bar 24 is positioned, by manipulator 23 be conveyed into In placement plate 13;
After often putting one layer of timber in placement plate 13 well, the output shaft of control servo motor 38 drives shaft 37 to rotate, shaft 37 drive sliding seats 19 rotate, and sliding seat 19 drives placement plate 13 to rotate, and placement plate 13 is made to rotate 90 degree, it is ensured that adjacent two layers Timber is staggeredly placed;
After being piled in placement plate 13, the piston rod of control positioning cylinder 35 drives positioning pressuring plate 36 to move down, positioning pressure Plate 36 positions timber;The output shaft of control stepper motor 21 drives driving wheel 22 to rotate, and driving wheel 22 is meshed with rack 9 Move sliding seat 19, sliding seat 19 drives placement plate 13 to move, and placement plate 13 is made to be located in baking oven 6;
Baking oven 6 is made to heat up by electric heating tube 42, air is made in diversion pipe by the effect of aspiration pump 49 and check valve 56 One-way flow in 57, the output shaft of control rotary electric machine 53 drive driving gear 55 to carry out back rotation, and driving gear 55 drives driven Gear 52 carrys out back rotation, and driven gear 52 drives rotation axis 51 to carry out back rotation, and rotation axis 51 drives diversion pipe 57 to come back rotation, shape Annular airflow into different directions makes bulk temperature in baking oven 6 uniform, by the timber stoving in placement plate 13;Control stepper motor 21 output shaft drives driving wheel 22 to rotate, and driving wheel 22 is meshed with rack 9 moves sliding seat 19, and the drive of sliding seat 19 is put It puts plate 13 to move, placement plate 13 is made to be located at 11 side of the second conveyer belt;
The piston rod of control positioning cylinder 35 drives positioning pressuring plate 36 to move up, and is detached from positioning pressuring plate 36 and timber; Control the push rod of the second push-rod electric machine 69 that guide sleeve 67 is driven to move up and down, guide sleeve 67 drives lifting frame 73 to move up and down, and rises Drop frame 73 can adjust desired height position as needed;The piston rod of control driving cylinder 71 moves back and forth, and drives cylinder 71 Piston rod drive pushing plate 72 move back and forth, the timber in placement plate 13 is successively pushed to the second conveyer belt 11 by pushing plate 72 On;The piston rod of control oscillating cylinder 64 drives oscillating rod 63 to move back and forth, and oscillating rod 63 makes the swinging end of the second conveyer belt 11 It swings up and down, is adapted the swinging end of the second conveyer belt 11 and the timber height of placement plate 13;By support plate 74 to most upper Next layer of layer timber is supported, and avoids inadvertently falling off during push, so as to fulfill the continuous drying operation of timber.
Specific embodiment described herein is only an example for the spirit of the invention.Technology belonging to the present invention is led The technical staff in domain can do various modifications or additions to described specific embodiment or replace in a similar way In generation, however, it does not deviate from the spirit of the invention or beyond the scope of the appended claims.

Claims (9)

1. a kind for the treatment of process of the drying of wood, which is characterized in that include the following steps:
A, 12-24h is dried into timber peeling;
B, Nacl is sprinkled in wood surface, then shines 8-16h;
C, timber is immersed in lime after 4-6h, taken out;
D, wood surface is cut away by 1.5-2.5mm by common cutting machine, removes lime;
E, timber is subjected to ending drying by drying system, is dried to moisture content as 12-15%;Drying in the step e System includes pedestal, is provided with conveying device on the pedestal, feeding device, drying unit and blanking are also set gradually on pedestal Device;The conveying device is fixed on including guide rail in a ring and several sliding seats, guide rail on pedestal, several sliding seats settings On guide rail, sliding seat can drive its moving structure moved back and forth to be connected with one, and shaft, shaft are vertically arranged on sliding seat Lower end can drive its servo motor rotated to be connected with one, and shaft upper end is connected with square placement plate, on sliding seat also It is provided with the location structure that timber can be located in placement plate;The feeding device includes first conveyer belt, storing board, machinery Hand and mounting bar, first conveyer belt are set on the base, and guiding structure is provided in first conveyer belt, and storing board is inclined at On pedestal, there are several idler wheels, storing board can drive its mobile mechanism moved back and forth to be connected with one, on storing board on storing board End is close to first conveyer belt, and close to guide rail, storing board lower end is further fixed on limiting plate, and energy is provided on limiting plate for storing board lower end The separation structure that timber is separated, manipulator one end are fixed on pedestal, and the manipulator other end is connected with mounting bar, mounting bar On be fixed with several mounting blocks, the positioning region for positioning timber is formed between two neighboring mounting blocks, is additionally provided on pedestal The clamping structure that timber can be located in positioning region.
2. the treatment process of the drying of wood according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the moving structure is included in a ring Rack, stepper motor and driving wheel, rack is fixed on guide rail, and stepper motor is fixed on sliding seat, stepper motor it is defeated Straight down, driving wheel is fixed on the output shaft of stepper motor shaft, and driving wheel and rack is meshed;The location structure packet Positioning pressuring plate, positioning cylinder and mounting bracket are included, mounting bracket is fixed on sliding seat, and positioning cylinder is fixed on mounting bracket, positions gas Straight down, the piston rod end of positioning cylinder is connected the piston rod of cylinder with positioning pressuring plate, and positioning pressuring plate can be with sliding seat phase Against.
3. the treatment process of the drying of wood according to claim 2, which is characterized in that the separation structure includes being opened in Several by hole and several demarcation strips on limiting plate, demarcation strip is separately positioned on accordingly by hole, demarcation strip one end with One can push its pusher cylinder moved back and forth to be connected, and the demarcation strip other end is separates end, and separation end can stretch out limiting plate;Institute It states guiding structure and includes left importing item and right importing item, left importing item and right importing item are separately fixed at first conveyer belt both sides, It is left import item and it is right import item between formed for timber by introduction channel;The clamping structure include left air bag, right air bag, Communicating pipe and air pump, left air bag are fixed on the left of positioning region, and right air bag is fixed on the right side of positioning region, communicating pipe one end and left air bag Be connected, communicating pipe the other end be connected with right air bag, be connected with tracheae one end in the middle part of communicating pipe, the tracheae other end can be with extraneous phase Connection, air pump are arranged on tracheae;The mobile mechanism includes stent, guide rod, guide sleeve and the first push-rod electric machine, stent and is fixed on On pedestal, guide rod is horizontally fixed on stent, and guide sleeve is arranged on guide rod, and the first push-rod electric machine is fixed on stent, and first pushes away The push rod of bar motor is horizontally disposed with, and the push rod end of the first push-rod electric machine is connected with guide sleeve, and storing board is fixed on guide sleeve.
4. the treatment process of the drying of wood according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the drying unit include baking oven, Electric heating tube, several diversion pipes, detection plate and display screen, baking oven are fixed on pedestal, and baking oven one end has input port, and baking oven is another One end has delivery outlet, and guide rail is penetrated from input port and is pierced by from delivery outlet, and electric heating tube is arranged in baking oven, several water conservancy diversion Pipe is separately positioned in oven side wall, and diversion pipe can drive its rotating mechanism rotated to be connected with one, and pumping is provided on diversion pipe Air pump and check valve, detection plate are arranged in baking oven, and detection plate can drive the lifting cylinder of its oscilaltion to be connected with one, detection Hygrothermograph is provided on plate, Hygrothermograph is connected by circuit with display screen.
5. the treatment process of the drying of wood according to claim 4, which is characterized in that the rotating mechanism includes rotation electricity Machine, rotation axis, driving gear, driven gear and installing frame, installing frame are fixed on outside baking oven, and rotary electric machine is fixed on installing frame On, the output shaft of rotary electric machine is horizontally disposed with, and driving gear is fixed on the output shaft of rotary electric machine, and rotation axis is horizontally set on On installing frame, rotation axis one end is stretched into baking oven to be connected with diversion pipe middle part, and driven gear is fixed on the rotation axis other end, main Moving gear is meshed with driven gear.
6. the treatment process of the drying of wood according to claim 5, which is characterized in that instruction is provided on the installing frame Structure, instruction structure include indicator and indicating ring, and indicator is fixed on the rotating shaft, and indicating ring is fixed on baking oven by connecting rod On, there is angle line, indicator is towards the angle line of indicating ring on indicating ring;The slip of annular is further opened on the indicating ring Slot is provided with limited block, and limited block can lean with indicator in sliding groove, fixed spiral shell is also threaded on limited block Bolt, fixing bolt end can be resisted against on indicating ring.
7. the treatment process of the drying of wood according to claim 1, which is characterized in that it is defeated that the blanking device includes second Band, pushing plate, lifting frame, support plate and driving cylinder, the second conveyer belt is sent to be set on the base, second conveyer belt one end is solid Fixed end, the second conveyer belt other end are swinging end, and swinging end is close to guide rail, and swinging end and one can drive the pendulum that it swings up and down Motivation structure is connected, and lifting frame is set on the base, and lifting frame can drive the elevating mechanism of its oscilaltion to be connected with one, drive gas Cylinder is fixed on lifting frame one end, and the piston rod of cylinder is driven to be horizontally disposed with, the piston rod end of cylinder is driven to be connected with pushing plate, Support plate is fixed on by connecting rod on the lifting frame other end, and is had between support plate and pushing plate for placement plate between Gap, lifting also has derived type structure on frame.
8. the treatment process of the drying of wood according to claim 7, which is characterized in that the swing mechanism includes swinging gas Cylinder and oscillating rod, oscillating rod one end and pedestal are hinged, and the oscillating rod other end and swinging end are hinged, oscillating cylinder and pedestal phase Hinged, the piston rod of oscillating cylinder is obliquely installed, and is hinged in the middle part of the piston rod end of oscillating cylinder and oscillating rod;The lifting Mechanism includes locating rack, guide rod, guide sleeve and the second push-rod electric machine, locating rack and is fixed on pedestal, and guide rod is fixed vertically In positioning, guiding is set on guide rod, and the second push-rod electric machine is fixed on locating rack, and the push rod of the second push-rod electric machine erects Straight the push rod end of the second push-rod electric machine is connected with guide sleeve downwards, and lifting frame is fixed on by fixed link on guide sleeve.
9. the treatment process of the drying of wood according to claim 7, which is characterized in that the derived type structure includes left export Item, right export item and adjustment bar, adjustment bar are fixed on lifting frame, and left slider and right sliding block, left slider are provided in adjustment bar On be bolted left positioning bolt, be bolted right positioning bolt on right sliding block, left export item is fixed on left slider, right Export item be fixed on right sliding block, it is left export item and it is right export item between formed for timber by export channel;The export Structure further includes left pointer and right pointer, has graduation mark in adjustment bar, left pointer and right pointer be separately fixed at left slider and Right sliding block, and left pointer and right pointer are respectively directed to the graduation mark in adjustment bar.
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CN108870879B (en) 2020-01-21
CN108844295A (en) 2018-11-20
CN106322964A (en) 2017-01-11
CN108870879A (en) 2018-11-23

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