CN106320781A - Honeycomb type storage tank group of sponge city - Google Patents

Honeycomb type storage tank group of sponge city Download PDF

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Publication number
CN106320781A
CN106320781A CN201610685577.XA CN201610685577A CN106320781A CN 106320781 A CN106320781 A CN 106320781A CN 201610685577 A CN201610685577 A CN 201610685577A CN 106320781 A CN106320781 A CN 106320781A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
tank
parting
cover plate
storage tank
seam
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Pending
Application number
CN201610685577.XA
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
邵明
Original Assignee
邵明
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Publication date
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Priority to CN201610685577.XA priority Critical patent/CN106320781A/en
Publication of CN106320781A publication Critical patent/CN106320781A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Classifications

    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04BGENERAL BUILDING CONSTRUCTIONS; WALLS, e.g. PARTITIONS; ROOFS; FLOORS; CEILINGS; INSULATION OR OTHER PROTECTION OF BUILDINGS
    • E04B1/00Constructions in general; Structures which are not restricted either to walls, e.g. partitions, or floors or ceilings or roofs
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04HBUILDINGS OR LIKE STRUCTURES FOR PARTICULAR PURPOSES; SWIMMING OR SPLASH BATHS OR POOLS; MASTS; FENCING; TENTS OR CANOPIES, IN GENERAL
    • E04H7/00Construction or assembling of bulk storage containers employing civil engineering techniques in situ or off the site
    • E04H7/02Containers for fluids or gases; Supports therefor
    • E04H7/18Containers for fluids or gases; Supports therefor mainly of concrete, e.g. reinforced concrete, or other stone-like material
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04BGENERAL BUILDING CONSTRUCTIONS; WALLS, e.g. PARTITIONS; ROOFS; FLOORS; CEILINGS; INSULATION OR OTHER PROTECTION OF BUILDINGS
    • E04B1/00Constructions in general; Structures which are not restricted either to walls, e.g. partitions, or floors or ceilings or roofs
    • E04B2001/0053Buildings characterised by their shape or layout grid
    • E04B2001/0084Buildings with non right-angled horizontal layout grid, e.g. triangular or hexagonal
    • E04B2001/0092Small buildings with hexagonal or similar horizontal cross-section

Abstract

In order to construct a sponge city and store a lot of rainwater, besides existing grooves, ponds and riverways, some water storage facilitates further need to be expanded, and a structure of a honeycomb type storage tank group according to bionics principles is provided. The honeycomb type storage tank group is characterized in that a combination base line of a tank is copied into a plane figure of a honeycomb, hexagons are closely arranged in a staggered mode, and the edges of each hexagon are shared with edges of adjacent six tanks simultaneously; and the inner walls of the hexagons are changed into regular circles due to structure demands, the interior of each tank bears hoop tensile force, the exterior of each tank is supported by six arches, and reinforced concrete cover plates covers the tank tops. According to the implementation scheme, bottom plates, the tank walls and cover plate structures of the storage tank group, the inner wall shapes, bottom plates and tank bodies of ultra-large type tank group, parting positions in the cover plates, the detail structure of waterstops, auxiliary management facilitates and tank wall construction are subjected to structural design and arrangement through a sliding film technology.

Description

The cellular tank farm in sponge city
Technical field
This patent belongs in following ' urban engineering project ' " water work ".
Background technology
Greatly developing " sponge city " is to implement central authorities' " innovate, open, green, coordinate, share " idea of development, builds society Can the concrete measure in the new cities and towns of doctrine, must expand during creating " sponge city " a series of catchment, water storage, use The technological facilities of water.For water storage facility, in addition to the sand bed water storage utilizing land burial, it is also possible to dredge in the district of Shenzhen stock market open Ditch, the pool, river course water storage, but, it is not necessary to all cities all possess enough natural conditions, have in other words, but reserves are likely to Not reaching far away and can all store, the 70% of annual rainfall, the capacity requirement got off, if excavating new ditch, the pool, must account for again By land for building resource valuable in city, this is accomplished by building the biggest ground lower water tank of some diameters as supplementing.
Summary of the invention
Independent water tank can use the structure such as open caisson, upside-down well (plastic lining capsule), but sometimes for building Watertight tank battery in flakes.This patent is by bionical screening, according to a kind of technology of the structural principle design that Apis is nested The water tank structure that dependable performance, material save most, economic performance is optimal, i.e. " cellular water storage tank battery ".
Being structurally characterized in that of cellular water storage tank battery: such as the nest of Apis on plane graph, its combination baseline is also one Individual hexagon mistake row is closely spaced together, each of which hexagonal each limit all simultaneously and only with six adjacent tanks A limit shared.And the trident support column that Mei Sanzhiguan intersection is formed, strong ensure that three be adjacent The strength of stability of thin-walled can, therefore it saves the material of almost nearly half, but our flask volume to be built is bigger than Nidus Vespae Thousand of times, and material used is armored concrete, owing to the structure of arrangement of reinforcement stress needs, so hexagonal inwall is changed For circular, the necessary parting of super large shape tank, the inwall of seamed tank then to make positive 12 limit types into.Also like the wax of Nidus Vespae on tank deck Lid has equally added a cover reinforced concrete cover plate.
This structure tank body is compact, and not only floor space is economic, and when filling the independent stress of liquid in each tank, The tank skin of this side circle bears hoop tensile force, and arch support then given by six the adjacent tanks being adjacent, though outermost tank skin, Although soil pressure is big, but due to the support of arcading, still ensures that stablizing of structure, can be rated as excellent structure.
This tank battery can build more than ground in, it is also possible to build the underground of park green land, city square or road in, on cover plate Original function can also be recovered, it is also possible to be hidden in the artificial hillock in park.
This device both can as the water storage device in sponge urban construction, again can as the oil of other occasions or its The memory structure of his liquid, is also used as agricultural marsh gas fermentation pool tank battery and uses after cover plate changes into gas skirt.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1: Nidus Vespae plane graph (Nidus Vespae flat sectional drawing)
Fig. 2: cellular water storage tank battery can body flat sectional drawing
Fig. 3: cellular water storage tank battery cover plate top view
(ultra-large type cellular storage tank can body, base plate divide Fig. 4: ultra-large type cellular water storage tank battery can body flat sectional drawing (B-B) Seam figure (B-B))
Fig. 5: ultra-large type cellular water storage tank battery cover plate top view (A-A) (ultra-large type cellular storage tank cover plate plane graph (A- A))
Fig. 6: No. 5 water tank profilographs (D-D) (No. 5 water tank profilographs (D-D) (No. 5 cover plates and tank body letters ))
Fig. 7: 11,12,13,14,15, No. 16 water tank profilograph (E-E) (11,12,13,14,15, No. 16 water tanks Profilograph (E-E) (cover plate of each tank and tank body are consolidation))
Detailed description of the invention
Size A of tank battery yardstick both direction and B are respectively less than cellular water storage tank battery during 40m, its flat cutting face such as accompanying drawing 2 and Shown in instep Fig. 3, it is the combination baseline arrangement mode arrangement according to accompanying drawing 1 Nidus Vespae, only because arrangement of reinforcement must need one Individual hexagonal inwall changes circular into, and this is that to be born due to tank skin is ring tension, as long as along inwall outer ring cloth with warp Cross cold drawn steel hoop circle, and each steel ring welding point is connected.Due to the pot liquid pressure to tank skin Below power big, above little, so the spacing between horizontal reinforcement circle is also following face width close, upper.
Mei Sanzhiguan intersection defines a trident support column, and the central authorities leant on reserve the pre-of a diameter 1--1.2 rice Staying circular holes, a piece steel column of interim installation in each hole in work progress, capital steel truss interconnects, from steel truss Hang down some suspension rod reinforcing bars in face, and the synovial membrane operation platform lifting being used as pouring tank skin concrete is used..Synovial membrane construction terminates Dropping back out steel column, the bottom low-grade concrete in hole tamps;It is high one section that 2.2m is left on top, and each hole is only with adjacent one Individual tank communicates, and communicates place from tank skin downwards equipped with reinforcing bar cat ladder, hole above added with locking steel lid, in order to for management personnel Enter storage tank to overhaul.
Water tank C25 armored concrete is poured into a mould.The tank bottoms one-tenth shape of falling spherical shell.The top pouring reinforcement concrete cover plate of tank, Cover plate has girt strip, and to reduce the thickness of lid version, cover plate is connected, as shown in Figure 3 with tank body consolidation.Can overlay on cover plate Earth material recovers green function or laying road, it is also possible to makees square and uses, it is also possible to is hidden in the artificial hillock in park, certainly due to Exceed ground, water inlet pumping to be used instead means, but water outlet can be flow automatically on the contrary, so the consumption to the energy can't increase.
For ultra-large type tank battery, A and the B length of side must make vertical parting more than tank battery during 40m, two limits of each piecemeal Length is all necessarily less than 40m, as shown in accompanying drawing 4,5.Parting must stay the middle part on a limit, and hot paste two on the vertical of seam Felt three oil, in case influencing each other during differential settlement.Due to the existence of seam, the both sides tank skin of seam has become cantilever force, therefore should Seamed tank interior shape is changed into positive 12 limit shapes, (other do not have the tank interior of parting can be still circular).It is close to seam Inner side reinforcing bar should by bending resistance component arrange linear type reinforcing bar.
In order to prevent liquid leakage at parting, base plate and sewing on of tank skin should be sticked rubber fastening band, and be used pre-embedded bolt Secure it within tank skin with pressing plate.
If the storage as corrosive liquids is used, the inwall of tank should use the anti-corrosion material brushings such as epoxy resin in case Rotten.
Fig. 5 is the cover plate top view of ultra-large type Computer Associates International Inc., does not has the tank of parting, and only at the middle part of tank, plate has a root Beam, to reduce the span of plate, reduces quantity of reinforcement;There are the 1st of one parting the, 2,3,4,6,7,8,9,10, No. 17 tanks, on cover plate Parting should according on the inwall of this tank relative to the line of two partings one straight line seam is set, and each under two side cover plates of seam If one girt strip;Parting is not at 11,12,13,14,15, No. 16 tanks of center position, and side bigger than normal, cover plate face also should be at plate One girt strip also should be added again under intermediate plate.
The girt strip of above both tanks and cover plate are that consolidation is watered on tank skin;
Fig. 6 is No. 5 tank D-D direction profilographs on Fig. 5, and the base plate of No. 5 water tanks and can body have 4 road partings, but One parting on the cover board can only be set, and should be located at can body to point a parting line on, and respectively set under seam biside plate Putting one girt strip, the two cover plates of this tank is that freely-supported is on four pieces of tank skins.For cover plate upper berth soil, sew on and also should add rubber Waterstop, with leakproof soil.
Fig. 7 is 11,12,13,14,15, No. 16 tank profilographs on Fig. 5, is wherein positioned at the 1 of parting both sides, 2 liang of root beams Between have a short cantilever slab be due to the parting on cover plate to tank skin on time turn back, in order to ensure No. 2 girt strip two ends Reinforcing bar must be able to stretch the reason riding on tank skin, also has a bit of short slab between No. 2 beams and seam;Due to No. 2 tank side plates Span bigger than normal, so be additionally arranged in the centre of this side plate No. 3 girt strips with reduce plate thickness.Rubber water-proof is separately shown on figure The amplification figure of band.
At least 2 blow vents will be left, so that being connected mutually under cover plate between each tank at the edge of every tank battery cover plate Logical, it is beneficial to during Inlet and outlet water discharge or suck air.But the steel wire of close eye should be set at the place of being above the ground level of blow vent, prevent Meiofauna creeps into vent passage.
Sedimentation tank and filtration device should be equipped with in the inlet channel front portion of water storage tank battery, prevent silt from entering in water inlet pipe, To reduce the number of times clearing up tank bottoms mud.
Each little tank battery should stay a tank as pump house, and the pump house of ultra-large type tank battery should set up separately at other of shown position In smaller hole, due to the deeply general suction that all can be more than various pumps of tank, so pump house planted agent installs centrifugal water pump, typically It is the using and the reserved two;Automatically controlled gate valve installed by the outlet conduit connecting each tank;Control panel is arranged in ground level control room, Liquid level and the electronical display of water inlet pipe and water outlet pipe duty (switching, the flow direction) of the electronic liquid level gauge of each tank it is also equipped with in control room Screen, equipped with the electric-controlled switch of each water pump He each water inlet pipe and water outlet pipe valve on workbench.

Claims (4)

1. one kind " the cellular water storage tank battery in sponge city ", is characterized by: its planar graph is such as the nest of Apis, its combination Baseline copies the planar graph of Nidus Vespae, and hexagon mistake row one by one is closely spaced together, and each of which is hexagonal often Article one, limit is shared with a limit of six adjacent tanks all simultaneously and only, only because structure needs and at hexagonal inwall Become circular or positive 12 limit types. on tank deck, added a cover reinforced concrete cover plate.
" the cellular water storage tank battery in sponge city " the most according to claim 1, is characterized in that: the length of side must more than during 40m Must carry out vertical parting, on tank skin, parting must divide the central authorities on one of six limits, and seam face should be pasted two felt three oil. for preventing Liquid leaks, and base plate and sewing on of tank skin should post rubber fastening band, and seamed tank interior shape should change positive 12 limit shapes into, is close to Inside the tank skin of per pass seam, reinforcing bar should be calculated by Anti-bending structure and be equipped with linear reinforcing bar.
" the cellular water storage tank battery in sponge city " the most according to claim 1, the feature of its cover plate is: do not have parting Tank is only at centrally disposed one girt strip;Have the tank of one parting, the lid version above it then will according on tank skin relative to twice divide The line of seam arranges one straight line seam, and respectively sets one girt strip in the both sides of seam;If parting is not at center, side plate bigger than normal Centre also should add one girt strip again, the girt strip of above both tanks and cover plate be consolidation water on tank skin;It is positioned at Tank on twice intersection parting, its cover plate can only arrange one parting, and respectively arrange one girt strip under the biside plate of seam, and two Block cover plate is that freely-supported is on four pieces of tank skins.
" the cellular water storage tank battery in sponge city " the most according to claim 1, is characterized in that: by the suction of various water pump It is the least, so the automatically controlled gate valve of the centrifugal pump drawn water and each outlet conduit all should be located at a tank or the deep-well separately set In, and control room be located at ground.
CN201610685577.XA 2016-08-15 2016-08-15 Honeycomb type storage tank group of sponge city Pending CN106320781A (en)

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201610685577.XA CN106320781A (en) 2016-08-15 2016-08-15 Honeycomb type storage tank group of sponge city

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN111776511A (en) * 2020-06-29 2020-10-16 张云逢 Matrix type honeycomb storage well

Citations (9)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
WO1995014838A1 (en) * 1993-11-26 1995-06-01 Ned Hyman Abrams Modular units forming storage containers and barriers
JPH08100544A (en) * 1994-09-30 1996-04-16 Kajima Corp Extraordinary large underground tank
CN2401501Y (en) * 1999-12-29 2000-10-18 江苏正昌集团公司 Honeycomb type combined simple storehouse
CN102094542A (en) * 2010-12-24 2011-06-15 江苏河海新能源有限公司 Method for manufacturing energy storage underground water tank and support member for energy storage underground water tank
CN102191788A (en) * 2011-04-13 2011-09-21 中建七局第三建筑有限公司 High-capacity automatic rainwater collecting, filter and storage device
CN202139102U (en) * 2011-07-22 2012-02-08 姜智家 Prefabricated reinforced concrete biochemical pond
CN202214276U (en) * 2011-08-17 2012-05-09 沈阳碧成源水泥制品厂 Assembled prefabricated internally-circular and externally-octagonal reinforced concrete septic tank
CN103924693A (en) * 2014-04-29 2014-07-16 中铁四局集团第三建设有限公司 Ultrathin reinforced concrete pond groove deformation joint water stop structure and construction method thereof
CN104196300A (en) * 2014-08-20 2014-12-10 罗明力 Dodecagon plastic steel structure liquid storing and discharging pool combination

Patent Citations (9)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
WO1995014838A1 (en) * 1993-11-26 1995-06-01 Ned Hyman Abrams Modular units forming storage containers and barriers
JPH08100544A (en) * 1994-09-30 1996-04-16 Kajima Corp Extraordinary large underground tank
CN2401501Y (en) * 1999-12-29 2000-10-18 江苏正昌集团公司 Honeycomb type combined simple storehouse
CN102094542A (en) * 2010-12-24 2011-06-15 江苏河海新能源有限公司 Method for manufacturing energy storage underground water tank and support member for energy storage underground water tank
CN102191788A (en) * 2011-04-13 2011-09-21 中建七局第三建筑有限公司 High-capacity automatic rainwater collecting, filter and storage device
CN202139102U (en) * 2011-07-22 2012-02-08 姜智家 Prefabricated reinforced concrete biochemical pond
CN202214276U (en) * 2011-08-17 2012-05-09 沈阳碧成源水泥制品厂 Assembled prefabricated internally-circular and externally-octagonal reinforced concrete septic tank
CN103924693A (en) * 2014-04-29 2014-07-16 中铁四局集团第三建设有限公司 Ultrathin reinforced concrete pond groove deformation joint water stop structure and construction method thereof
CN104196300A (en) * 2014-08-20 2014-12-10 罗明力 Dodecagon plastic steel structure liquid storing and discharging pool combination

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* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Title
中国长江三峡工程开发总公司: "《水工混凝土施工规范》", 31 December 2003 *
苏洪雯: "《提升法施工技术》", 30 June 1990, 中国建筑工业出版社 *

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN111776511A (en) * 2020-06-29 2020-10-16 张云逢 Matrix type honeycomb storage well
CN111776511B (en) * 2020-06-29 2021-06-04 张云逢 Matrix type honeycomb storage well

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