A kind of machining platform for tubulose steel billet
The present invention relates to field of machining, a kind of machining platform for tubulose steel billet.
Along with development and the progress of science and technology of society, the mechanical processing industry of China has obtained quick development.Machinery adds
Work refers to the process being changed overall dimensions or the performance of workpiece by a kind of plant equipment.By the difference on processing mode
Machining and pressure processing can be divided into.
Mechanical processing technique flow process is step workpiece or part manufacture processed, the method using machining, directly
Connect the change shape of blank, size and surface quality etc. so that it is the process becoming part is referred to as mechanical processing technique flow process, at this
In individual flow process, the clamping and fixing device of workpiece is requisite part.
Tubulose steel billet generally refers to produce the blank of steel tube place.The solid round steel of high-quality is generally used to make pipe.Some
The pipe mode of production also has the blank using steel ingot, continuous casting billet, forging stock, rolling square billet and centrifugally cast hollow ingot etc. to do tubulation.
Prior art is more complicated for the machining platform structure gripping tubulose steel billet, and it is the most convenient to install and operate,
Reduce the machining efficiency of tubulose steel billet.
Summary of the invention
It is an object of the invention to provide a kind of machining platform for tubulose steel billet, to solve above-mentioned background technology
The problem of middle proposition.
For achieving the above object, the present invention provides following technical scheme:
A kind of machining platform for tubulose steel billet, including processing platform, clamping device, tubulose steel billet, hydraulic cylinder, pressure
Bar, hinge arms, guide table, upper fixture and lower clamp, the left end upper surface of described processing platform is installed with hydraulic cylinder, and liquid
The piston rod that cylinder pressure is provided with is fixing with the left-hand face of hinged seat to be connected；Described hinged seat slides and is located at the upper table of guide table
Face, guide table is bolted mode and is fixedly mounted on the upper surface of processing platform；Described hinged seat right-hand member by hinge
Spindle is rotationally connected with one end of hinge arms, and the other end of hinge arms is rotationally connected by the left end of jointed shaft with depression bar；Described
The middle part of depression bar is arranged on depression bar bearing；The upper surface of described processing platform is further fixedly arranged on support seat, supports the top of seat
End-rack sets the left end that support tubulose steel billet；The middle part upper surface of described tubulose steel billet is fixed by the end of depression bar；Institute
The right-hand member upper surface stating processing platform is further fixedly arranged on clamping device, and clamping device is by being internally provided with upper fixture and lower folder
The right part of tubulose steel billet is gripped by tool；The inside of described clamping device is respectively equipped with upper plenum, cavity and lower cavity；Institute
The inwall stating upper plenum is provided with a guide rail, and a slide on rails is provided with top shoe, and wherein the inside of top shoe is fixed
Servomotor is installed；The output shaft of described top shoe is linked with screw mandrel by shaft coupling；Between described upper plenum and cavity
Dividing plate on be further opened with tapped through hole, the mode that is threaded connection inside tapped through hole is connected with screw mandrel；Described cavity
Inwall is provided with No. two guide rails, and No. two slide on rails are provided with sliding block；The upper surface of described sliding block passes through welding manner
Being fixedly installed bearing, the inner ring of bearing is fixing with the outer ring, bottom of screw mandrel by the way of interference fits to be connected；Described downslide
The bottom lower surface of block offers screwed hole, and the top that the inside of screwed hole is threaded connection mode and upper fixture is fixing even
Connect, upper fixture be arranged right below lower clamp, lower clamp is fixedly mounted in the groove that processing platform upper surface is offered；On described
Between fixture and lower clamp, tubular steel base held by fixation clamp.
As the further scheme of the present invention: for being rotationally connected between described depression bar and depression bar bearing.
As the further scheme of the present invention: described top shoe is positive six prism structures.
As the further scheme of the present invention: described servomotor is fixedly mounted on the central axis within top shoe.
As the further scheme of the present invention: described sliding block is the structure of falling convex, the top of convex structure is just
Six prism structures, the bottom of convex structure is cylindrical structure, and the lower slide of convex structure be located at cavity and under
In the through hole of the space bar of cavity.
As the further scheme of the present invention: the described lower surface of upper fixture and the upper surface of lower clamp are V-shaped valley type
Compared with prior art, the invention has the beneficial effects as follows: tubulose steel billet is erected at top and the lower clamp supporting seat
Upper surface, hinged seat makes piston rod move right under the effect of outside hydraulic power unit, makes hinged seat relative to guiding
Sliding to the right in the surface of platform, now the left end of depression bar is lifted by hinge arms, so that the right-hand member of depression bar is pressed on tubulose steel billet
Middle part upper surface；Driven by servomotor screw mandrel rotates, and screw mandrel occurs downward feed motion, and sliding block is same under the effect of screw mandrel
There is downward feed motion in sample, sliding block drives upper fixture to move downward, and upper fixture and lower clamp are by tubulose steel billet fixed clamp；
For threadeding and lower clamp is fixedly mounted in the groove of processing platform upper surface between upper fixture and sliding block, when clamping not
With workpiece time, fixture and lower clamp can be replaced with so that the suitability of whole device is wider；Top shoe and sliding block
Top is positive six prism structures, so effectively prevent top shoe and sliding block skids on the guide rail of its correspondence.Combine
On, whole apparatus structure is simple, easy for installation, easily operates, and stable and reliable in work, can be widely applied to machining work
Skill, is applied especially to tubulose steel billet amount machining.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is the structural representation of the present invention.
Fig. 2 is the structural representation of clamping device in the present invention
In figure: 1-processing platform, 2-clamping device, 3-tubulose steel billet, 4-hydraulic cylinder, 5-depression bar, 6-hinge arms, 7-guide table,
8-piston rod, 9-hinged seat, 10-depression bar bearing, 11-supports seat, the upper fixture of 12-, 13-lower clamp, 21-upper plenum, 22-mono-
Guide rail, 23-servomotor, 24-top shoe, 25-shaft coupling, 26-tapped through hole, 27-screw mandrel, 28-bearing, 29-cavity,
No. bis-guide rails of 30-, 31-sliding block, 32-screwed hole, cavity under 33-.
Detailed description of the invention
Below in conjunction with the accompanying drawing in the embodiment of the present invention, the technical scheme in the embodiment of the present invention is carried out clear, complete
Describe, it is clear that described embodiment is only a part of embodiment of the present invention rather than whole embodiments wholely.Based on
Embodiment in the present invention, it is every other that those of ordinary skill in the art are obtained under not making creative work premise
Embodiment, broadly falls into the scope of protection of the invention.
Refer to Fig. 1-2, in the embodiment of the present invention, a kind of machining platform for tubulose steel billet is flat including processing
Platform 1, clamping device 2, tubulose steel billet 3, hydraulic cylinder 4, depression bar 5, hinge arms 6, guide table 7, upper fixture 12 and lower clamp 13, described
The left end upper surface of processing platform 1 is installed with hydraulic cylinder 4, and hydraulic cylinder 4 is hydraulic pressure after combining with external hydraulic power set
Cylinder provides power, and the piston rod 8 that is provided with of hydraulic cylinder 4 is fixed with the left-hand face of hinged seat 9 and is connected；Described hinged seat 9 is sliding
The dynamic upper surface being located at guide table 7, guide table 7 is bolted mode and is fixedly mounted on the upper surface of processing platform 1；Described
Hinged seat 9 right-hand member be rotationally connected by one end of jointed shaft with hinge arms 6, the other end of hinge arms 6 by jointed shaft with
The left end of depression bar 5 is rotationally connected；The middle part of described depression bar 5 is arranged on depression bar bearing 10, wherein depression bar 5 and depression bar bearing 10 it
Between for being rotationally connected；The upper surface of described processing platform 1 is further fixedly arranged on support seat 11, and the top supporting seat 11 sets up support
The left end of tubulose steel billet 3；The middle part upper surface of described tubulose steel billet 3 is fixed by the end of depression bar 5；Described processing is put down
The right-hand member upper surface of platform 1 is further fixedly arranged on clamping device 2, and clamping device 2 is by being internally provided with upper fixture 12 and lower clamp
The right part of tubulose steel billet 3 is gripped by 13；The inside of described clamping device 2 be respectively equipped with upper plenum 21, cavity 29 and under
Cavity 33；The inwall of described upper plenum 21 is provided with a guide rail 22, and a guide rail 22 slides is provided with top shoe 24, upper cunning
Block 24 is positive six prism structures, and wherein the inside of top shoe 24 is installed with servomotor 23, and cunning is located at by servomotor 23
On the central axis of block 24；The output shaft of described top shoe 24 is linked with screw mandrel 27 by shaft coupling 25；Described upper plenum 21 He
Being further opened with tapped through hole 26 on dividing plate between cavity 29, tapped through hole 26 is internal is threaded connection mode and screw mandrel 27
Connect；The inwall of described cavity 29 is provided with No. two guide rails 30, and No. two guide rails 30 slide is provided with sliding block 31；Under described
The upper surface of slide block 31 is fixedly installed bearing 28 by welding manner, and the inner ring of bearing 28 is by the way of interference fits and silk
The outer ring, bottom of bar 27 is fixing to be connected；Described sliding block 31 is the structure of falling convex, and the top of convex structure is positive six prisms
Structure, the bottom of convex structure is cylindrical structure, and the bottom lower surface of cylindrical structure offers screwed hole 32, and type
In the through hole of the space bar that the lower slide of type structure is located at cavity 29 and lower cavity 33；The inside of described screwed hole 32 is passed through
The top of thread connecting mode and upper fixture 12 is fixing to be connected, upper fixture 12 be arranged right below lower clamp 13, lower clamp 13 is consolidated
Dingan County is contained in the groove that processing platform 1 upper surface is offered, and wherein goes up fixture 12 and lower clamp 13 is all located at the interior of lower cavity 33
Portion；Between described upper fixture 12 and lower clamp 13, tubular steel base 3 held by fixation clamp；The lower surface of described upper fixture 12 and lower clamp
The upper surface of 13 is V-shaped valley type structure.
The operation principle of the present invention is: tubulose steel billet 3 in use, is erected at and supports the top of seat 11 and lower folder by device
The upper surface of tool 13, hinged seat 9 makes piston rod 8 move right under the effect of outside hydraulic power unit, makes hinged seat 9 relative
Sliding to the right in the surface of guide table 7, now the left end of depression bar 5 is lifted by hinge arms 6, so that the right-hand member of depression bar 5 presses
Middle part upper surface at tubulose steel billet 3；Then starting servomotor 23, servomotor 23 drives screw mandrel 27 to rotate, because screw thread leads to
For threadeding between the inner ring in hole 26 and the outer ring of screw mandrel 27, now screw mandrel 27 rotates in the inside of tapped through hole 26
Time, there is downward feed motion in screw mandrel 27, sliding block 31 now is same under the effect of screw mandrel 27 occurs downward feed motion,
Sliding block 31 drives upper fixture 12 to move downward, and upper fixture 12 and lower clamp 13 are by tubulose steel billet 3 fixed clamp；Upper fixture 12 with
It is fixedly mounted in the groove of processing platform 1 upper surface for threaded and lower clamp 13 between sliding block 31, when clamping difference
Workpiece time, fixture 12 and lower clamp 13 can be replaced with so that the suitability of whole device is wider；Top shoe 24 and downslide
The top of block 31 is positive six prism structures, so effectively prevent top shoe 24 and sliding block 31 and sends out on the guide rail of its correspondence
Raw skidding；Total is fairly simple, easy for installation, easily operates, and stable and reliable in work, can be widely applied to machinery and adds
Work technique, is applied especially to tubulose steel billet amount machining.
It is obvious to a person skilled in the art that the invention is not restricted to the details of above-mentioned one exemplary embodiment, Er Qie
In the case of the spirit or essential attributes of the present invention, it is possible to realize the present invention in other specific forms.Therefore, no matter
From the point of view of which point, all should regard embodiment as exemplary, and be nonrestrictive, the scope of the present invention is by appended power
Profit requires rather than described above limits, it is intended that all by fall in the implication of equivalency and scope of claim
Change is included in the present invention.Should not be considered as limiting involved claim by any reference in claim.
Although moreover, it will be appreciated that this specification is been described by according to embodiment, but the most each embodiment only wraps
Containing an independent technical scheme, this narrating mode of description is only that for clarity sake those skilled in the art should
Description can also be formed those skilled in the art through appropriately combined as an entirety, the technical scheme in each embodiment
May be appreciated other embodiments.