CN106307582A - Garlic root cutting machine and garlic clove separating machine - Google Patents

Garlic root cutting machine and garlic clove separating machine Download PDF

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Publication number
CN106307582A
CN106307582A CN201610938590.1A CN201610938590A CN106307582A CN 106307582 A CN106307582 A CN 106307582A CN 201610938590 A CN201610938590 A CN 201610938590A CN 106307582 A CN106307582 A CN 106307582A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
cutting
cutter
station
garlic
bulbus allii
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Granted
Application number
CN201610938590.1A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN106307582B (en
Inventor
杨钦海
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HUIKE AUTOMATIC SHENZHEN Co.,Ltd.
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杨钦海
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Priority to CN201610938590.1A priority Critical patent/CN106307582B/en
Publication of CN106307582A publication Critical patent/CN106307582A/en
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A23FOODS OR FOODSTUFFS; TREATMENT THEREOF, NOT COVERED BY OTHER CLASSES
    • A23NMACHINES OR APPARATUS FOR TREATING HARVESTED FRUIT, VEGETABLES OR FLOWER BULBS IN BULK, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; PEELING VEGETABLES OR FRUIT IN BULK; APPARATUS FOR PREPARING ANIMAL FEEDING- STUFFS
    • A23N15/00Machines or apparatus for other treatment of fruits or vegetables for human purposes; Machines or apparatus for topping or skinning flower bulbs
    • A23N15/08Devices for topping or skinning onions or flower bulbs
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A23FOODS OR FOODSTUFFS; TREATMENT THEREOF, NOT COVERED BY OTHER CLASSES
    • A23NMACHINES OR APPARATUS FOR TREATING HARVESTED FRUIT, VEGETABLES OR FLOWER BULBS IN BULK, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; PEELING VEGETABLES OR FRUIT IN BULK; APPARATUS FOR PREPARING ANIMAL FEEDING- STUFFS
    • A23N15/00Machines or apparatus for other treatment of fruits or vegetables for human purposes; Machines or apparatus for topping or skinning flower bulbs

Abstract

The invention discloses a garlic root cutting machine and a garlic clove separating machine and relates to the technical field of garlic processing. The garlic root cutting machine comprises a transfer mechanism mounted on a rack, a first driving device, a second driving device, a conveying device and a cutting device, wherein the transfer mechanism is provided with a grabbing station, a cutting station and a discharging station and comprises multiple gripper mechanisms; the first driving device is used for driving the transfer mechanism to be switched among the grabbing station, the cutting station and the discharging station; the second driving device is used for driving the gripper mechanisms to be switched between an opening state and a closing state, driving the gripper mechanisms in the grabbing station to be switched from the opening state to the closing state and driving the gripper mechanisms in the discharging station to be switched from the closing state to the opening state; the conveying device is mounted on the rack and used for conveying to-be-cut garlic to the grabbing station; the cutting device is mounted on the rack and used for cutting roots of the garlic located in the cutting station during acting. The garlic root cutting machine is high in garlic root cutting efficiency, and the labor intensity of workers is reduced.

Description

Garlic root cutter and garlic clove separating machine
Technical field
The present invention relates to Bulbus Allii deep process technology field, especially relate to a kind of garlic root cutter and garlic clove separating machine.
Background technology
In daily life, Bulbus Allii directly can eat as flavouring agent, it is possible to treats disease as medical material;Family eats Bulbus Allii, it is common that the fresh or drying Bulbus Allii of initial processing commercially, buy return these Bulbus Alliis pass through The simply stripping off garlic skin and just Bulbus Allii can be differentiated of staff, but if large-scale Bulbus Allii or derived product, then to greatly The peeling of Bulbus Allii divides lobe particularly important;
When large-scale Bulbus Allii or derived product being carried out point lobe, needing first to be excised by the root of Bulbus Allii, then carrying out Decortication, at present, market generally uses garlic root cutter and excises the root of Bulbus Allii, but the garlic root cutter used belongs to In semi-automatic state, needing many people and machinery to combine, in the early stage excising the root of Bulbus Allii, it is several the most right to need Cutter sweep carries out feeding, simultaneously need to set according to fixing feeding seat by Bulbus Allii, could send into cutter sweep and cut Root so that the speed of the root of above-mentioned root cutter device excision Bulbus Allii is relatively slow, and needs to put into substantial amounts of manpower.
Summary of the invention
It is an object of the invention to provide a kind of garlic root cutter and garlic clove separating machine, improve the root of cutting Bulbus Allii Efficiency and reduce artificial labor intensity.
For achieving the above object, the present invention provides techniques below scheme:
According to an aspect of the present invention, it is provided that a kind of garlic root cutter, including frame, also include:
Being installed on the transfer device of described frame, described transfer device has crawl station, cutting work station and rampman Position, described transfer device includes multiple handgrip mechanism;
For drive described transfer device successively described crawl station, described cutting work station and described unloading station it Between switching the first driving means;
For the second driving means driving described handgrip mechanism to switch between open configuration and closure state, it is used for driving The dynamic handgrip mechanism being in described crawl station is switched to closure state by open configuration, and driving is in described unloading station Handgrip mechanism is switched to open configuration by closure state;
It is installed on described frame, for Bulbus Allii to be cut being delivered to the conveyer device of described crawl station;
It is in the cutter sweep of the root of Bulbus Allii palpus of described cutting work station for cutting when being installed on described frame, action.
Further, described garlic root cutter also includes: be installed on described frame, for being in described in unloading station The conveying device that the described Bulbus Allii that handgrip mechanism is unloaded is transported.
Further, described first driving means includes: rotating disk and dispenser;
Described rotating disk is arranged on described dispenser, and described transfer device is arranged on described rotating disk;
Described dispenser is arranged in described frame, and described dispenser is for regulating described rotating disk along direction of axis line Highly and drive described rotating disk around Pivot Point Center line rotate so that described transfer device successively described crawl station, described in cut Cut and switch between station and described unloading station.
Further, each described handgrip mechanism includes that two fingers, the inwall of each described finger are provided with one Flexible clamping portion, the inwall in described flexible clamping portion is provided with depression, when described handgrip mechanism is in closure state, described in two The described depression in the described flexible blessing portion of finger relatively and cooperatively forms the grasping part in Bulbus Allii shape;Described in each Finger mounted is in transmission connection in described rotating disk and with described second driving means.
Further, described second driving means includes and described handgrip mechanism the first cylinder one to one, described One cylinder includes two pistons, two double-cranks and two rollers, and each described piston is by with described piston one to one One described double-crank and with described piston described roller one to one with a described piston institute one to one State finger to be in transmission connection.
Further, described conveyer device includes elevator and the vibrating disk being installed in described frame;
Described Bulbus Allii to be cut is placed in described vibrating disk by described elevator, and described vibrating disk is for by described to be cut Bulbus Allii be delivered to described crawl station successively.
Further, described cutter sweep includes the first cutting fixed mount, cutting assembly, pressure transducer, the second cylinder With the 3rd cylinder, described cutting assembly includes that the first cutter, the second cutter, the first cutter support, the second cutter prop up Frame and connecting rod;
Described connecting rod is installed on described first cutting fixed mount along the direction of the axial line being perpendicular to described rotating disk;
Described first cutter are placed on described first cutter support and the two ends of described first cutter support and institute The two ends stating connecting rod are hinged, and described second cutter are placed on described second cutter support and described second cutter prop up The two ends of frame are hinged with the two ends of described connecting rod, formed between described first cutter support and described second cutter support Cutting room;
Described second cylinder drives described first cutter support and described second along the direction being perpendicular to described connecting rod Cutter support is so that described cutting room switches between open configuration and closure state;
The middle part of described connecting rod is provided with the first circular hole, and described 3rd cylinder is worn along the direction being perpendicular to described connecting rod Cross described first circular hole to be connected with described pressure transducer;
When the sensing cutting of described pressure transducer, described in described 3rd air cylinder driven, pressure transducer is away from described cutting Space, when the sensing cutting of described pressure transducer completes, pressure transducer described in described 3rd air cylinder driven near described in cut Cut space.
Further, described cutting assembly also includes the first drive link, the second drive link and transmission bracket;
One end of described first drive link is hinged with described first cutter support along the direction being perpendicular to described connecting rod, The other end is hinged with described transmission bracket, and one end of described second drive link is along being perpendicular to the direction of described connecting rod and described the Two cutter supports are hinged, and the other end is hinged with described transmission bracket;Transmission bracket described in described second air cylinder driven is so that institute State cutting room to switch between open configuration and closure state.
Further, described first cutting fixed mount is provided with along the direction being perpendicular to described connecting rod the first slide rail, And on described driving frame, it being provided with the first slide block, described transmission bracket is slidably connected with described first cutting fixed mount;
Being provided with spring on the bottom of described first cutting fixed mount, described garlic root cutter also includes that the second cutting is fixed Frame, described first cutting fixed mount is additionally provided with the second slide block along the direction being perpendicular to described connecting rod, and described second cuts Cut and on fixed mount, be provided with the second slide rail;
Described first cutting fixed mount with described second cutting fixed mount be slidably connected so that described spring deform with Regulate the height of described first cutting fixed mount.
According to a further aspect in the invention, it is provided that a kind of garlic clove separating machine, have employed appointing of providing in technique scheme One described garlic root cutter.
Compared with prior art, the invention have the benefit that
According to the garlic root cutter of the present invention, described garlic root cutter includes frame, also includes: be installed on turning of described frame Moving mechanism, transfer device has crawl station, cutting work station and unloading station, and described transfer device includes multiple handgrip machine Structure;For driving described transfer device capturing station, the first driving of switching between cutting work station and unloading station successively Device;For the second driving means driving described handgrip mechanism to switch between open configuration and closure state, it is used for driving Be in the handgrip mechanism capturing station and switched to closure state by open configuration, and drive the handgrip mechanism being in unloading station by Closure state switches to open configuration;It is installed on described frame, for Bulbus Allii to be cut being delivered to described crawl station Conveyer device;It is in the cutter sweep of the root of Bulbus Allii palpus of described cutting work station for cutting when being installed on described frame, action;Grab The Bulbus Allii to be cut that conveyer device is carried by mobile phone structure is capturing crawl on station, is transferred to by the Bulbus Allii to be cut captured Cutting work station, the root of Bulbus Allii in cutting work station must be cut, the Bulbus Allii cutting root hair is transferred to discharging by cutter sweep Station, the Bulbus Allii that the handgrip mechanism being in unloading station is unloaded transported by conveying device, and this garlic root cutter achieves by turning Moving mechanism shifts Bulbus Allii automatically to the process of cutter sweep, improve cutting root of Bulbus Allii must efficiency and reduce artificial labor Fatigue resistance.
Accompanying drawing explanation
In order to be illustrated more clearly that the specific embodiment of the invention or technical scheme of the prior art, below will be to specifically In embodiment or description of the prior art, the required accompanying drawing used is briefly described, it should be apparent that, in describing below Accompanying drawing is some embodiments of the present invention, for those of ordinary skill in the art, before not paying creative work Put, it is also possible to obtain other accompanying drawing according to these accompanying drawings.
The front view of the structural representation of the garlic root cutter that Fig. 1 provides for the embodiment of the present invention;
The front view of the structural representation of the first driving means of the garlic root cutter that Fig. 2 provides for the embodiment of the present invention;
The transfer device of the garlic root cutter that Fig. 3 provides for the embodiment of the present invention is capturing station, cutting work station and discharging The flow chart that station is operated;
The top view of the structural representation of the handgrip mechanism of the garlic root cutter that Fig. 4 provides for the embodiment of the present invention;
The front view of the structural representation of the cutter sweep of the garlic root cutter that Fig. 5 provides for the embodiment of the present invention;
A left side for the structural representation of the garlic root cutter that Fig. 6 provides for embodiment of the present invention cutter sweep time to be cut View;
The left view of the structural representation of the garlic root cutter that Fig. 7 provides for the embodiment of the present invention cutter sweep when cutting Figure.
Icon: 100-handgrip mechanism;400-conveyer device;500-cutter sweep;600-conveying device;700-captures work Position;800-cutting work station;900-unloading station;101-finger;102-flexible clamping portion;201-rotating disk;202-dispenser;203- Casing;401-elevator;402-vibrating disk;501-first cuts fixed mount;502-pressure transducer;503-the second cylinder; 504-the 3rd cylinder;505-the first cutter;506-the second cutter;507-the first cutter support;508-the second cutter Support;509-connecting rod;5010-the first drive link;5011-the second drive link;5012-transmission bracket;5013-the first slide rail; 5014-the first slide block;5015-the second slide rail;5016-the second slide block;5017-spring;5018-second cuts fixed mount.
Detailed description of the invention
Below in conjunction with accompanying drawing, technical scheme is clearly and completely described, it is clear that described enforcement Example is a part of embodiment of the present invention rather than whole embodiments.Based on the embodiment in the present invention, ordinary skill The every other embodiment that personnel are obtained under not making creative work premise, broadly falls into the scope of protection of the invention.
In describing the invention, it should be noted that term " " center ", " on ", D score, "left", "right", " vertically ", Orientation or the position relationship of the instruction such as " level ", " interior ", " outward " they are based on orientation shown in the drawings or position relationship, merely to Be easy to describe the present invention and simplifying describe rather than instruction or the hint device of indication or element must have specific orientation, With specific azimuth configuration and operation, therefore it is not considered as limiting the invention.Additionally, term " first ", " second ", " the 3rd " is only used for describing purpose, and it is not intended that indicate or hint relative importance.
In describing the invention, it should be noted that unless otherwise clearly defined and limited, term " is installed ", " phase Even ", " connection " should be interpreted broadly, for example, it may be fixing connection, it is also possible to be to removably connect, or be integrally connected;Can To be mechanical connection, it is also possible to be electrical connection;Can be to be joined directly together, it is also possible to be indirectly connected to by intermediary, Ke Yishi The connection of two element internals.For the ordinary skill in the art, can understand that above-mentioned term is at this with concrete condition Concrete meaning in invention.
According to an aspect of the present invention, it is provided that a kind of garlic root cutter, including frame, also include:
Being installed on the transfer device of frame, transfer device has crawl station, cutting work station and unloading station;
For driving transfer device capturing station, the first driving of switching between cutting work station and unloading station successively Device;
For the second driving means driving handgrip mechanism 100 to switch between open configuration and closure state, it is used for driving The dynamic handgrip mechanism 100 capturing station that is in is switched to closure state by open configuration, and drives the handgrip being in unloading station Mechanism 100 is switched to open configuration by closure state;
It is installed on frame, for Bulbus Allii to be cut is delivered to capture the conveyer device 400 of station;
It is in the cutter sweep 500 of the root of Bulbus Allii palpus of cutting work station for cutting when being installed on frame, action.
According to the garlic root cutter of the present invention, the Bulbus Allii that conveyer device 400 is carried by handgrip mechanism 100 is capturing on station Capturing, wherein, the Bulbus Allii of crawl, towards cutter sweep, is transferred to cutting work station by the root hair of Bulbus Allii, and cutter sweep 500 will cut The Bulbus Allii cutting station carries out cutting root hair, and the Bulbus Allii cutting root hair is transferred to unloading station, and conveying device 600 will be in discharging The Bulbus Allii that the handgrip mechanism of station is unloaded is transported, and this garlic root cutter is achieved and automatically shifted Bulbus Allii by transfer device to cutting The process of device 500, improves the efficiency of cutting root of Bulbus Allii palpus and reduces artificial labor intensity, cutting root of Bulbus Allii palpus Yield rate is more than or equal to 92%;
This garlic root cutter is when cutting root of Bulbus Allii, it is only necessary to carry out point according to the specification of Bulbus Allii in early stage Class, classifies the Bulbus Allii of similar diameters, and handgrip mechanism 100 just can capture station, cutting work station and rampman automatically Switch between Wei, complete the cutting to root of Bulbus Allii palpus, it is no longer necessary to manually deliver to, in cutter sweep 500, improve and cut by Bulbus Allii Cut the efficiency of root of Bulbus Allii palpus and reduce artificial labor intensity;Manually can realize this garlic root cutter is entered by touch screen Row controls.
According to a kind of embodiment of garlic root cutter of the present invention, garlic root cutter also includes: be installed on frame, for inciting somebody to action It is in the conveying device 600 that the Bulbus Allii that the handgrip mechanism of unloading station unloads is transported.
According to the garlic root cutter of the present invention, the Bulbus Allii cutting root hair at unloading station is carried out by conveying device 600 Receive and transport so that next step operation etc. is preferably collected and be easy to be delivered to the Bulbus Allii after cutting.
According to a kind of embodiment of garlic root cutter of the present invention, the first driving means includes: rotating disk 201 and dispenser 202;
Rotating disk 201 is arranged on dispenser 202, and transfer device is arranged on rotating disk 201;
Dispenser 202 is arranged in frame, and dispenser 200 and drives along the height of direction of axis line for regulating rotating disk Dynamic rotating disk 201 rotate around Pivot Point Center line so that handgrip mechanism 100 successively capture station, cutting work station and unloading station it Between switch.
According to the garlic root cutter of the present invention, frame is additionally provided with casing 203, casing 203 is provided with through hole, point Cutter 202 is arranged in casing 203, and its top passes that through hole is spirally connected with rotating disk 201, bottom is connected with motor and speed reducer, logical Cross motor and speed reducer to regulate dispenser 202, it is therefore intended that control rotation and the height of rotating disk 201 of rotating disk 201, control to turn The rotation of dish 201 makes cutting to stablize, orderly carrying out, and the height controlling rotating disk 201 makes rotating disk 201 can adapt to cut Cut the height of device 500, suitable position will be transferred to by Bulbus Allii, it is simple to the cutting of cutter sweep 500 and raising are cut Accuracy, thus improve the cutting yield rate of Bulbus Allii.
According to a kind of embodiment of garlic root cutter of the present invention, handgrip mechanism 100 includes two fingers 101, each hands The inwall referred to is provided with a flexible clamping portion 102, and the inwall in flexible clamping portion 102 is provided with depression, when described handgrip mechanism 100 When being in closure state, the depression in the flexible blessing portion 101 of two fingers 101 relatively and cooperatively forms the folder in Bulbus Allii shape Hold space;Each finger 101 is installed on rotating disk 201 and is in transmission connection with the second driving means.
According to a kind of embodiment of garlic root cutter of the present invention, the second driving means includes with handgrip mechanism 100 one by one The first corresponding cylinder, the first cylinder includes two pistons, two double-cranks and two rollers, each piston by with piston one One double-crank of one correspondence and passing with a piston described finger one to one with a piston roller one to one It is dynamically connected.
According to the garlic root cutter of the present invention, rotating disk being provided with multiple handgrip mechanism, handgrip mechanism 100 can divide equably Cloth is on rotating disk 201, it is also possible to for being one group by Liang Ge handgrip mechanism 100, often group is evenly distributed on rotating disk 201, preferably Ground, is one group by Liang Ge handgrip mechanism 100, and often group is evenly distributed on rotating disk 201 so that Bulbus Allii is from capturing station to cutting During station, two Bulbus Alliis in cutting work station can be cut by cutter sweep 500 simultaneously, improves the effect of cutting root of Bulbus Allii palpus Rate, wherein, is spirally connected between rotating disk 201 and handgrip mechanism 100;
Wherein, handgrip mechanism 100, under programmable controller (PLC) programme-control, uses Pneumatic Transmission mode, passes through The structures such as piston, roller and double-crank realize two fingers 101 capture station by open configuration switch to closure state and Open configuration is switched to by closure state at unloading station.
According to a kind of embodiment of garlic root cutter of the present invention, conveyer device 400 includes elevator 401 and is installed on machine Vibrating disk 402 on frame;
Bulbus Allii to be cut is placed in vibrating disk 402 by elevator 401, and vibrating disk 402 is for by Bulbus Allii to be cut successively It is delivered to capture station.
According to the garlic root cutter of the present invention, Bulbus Allii is delivered in vibrating disk 402 by elevator, below vibrating disk 402 hopper There is individual impulse mgnet, hopper can be made to make vertical vibration, the spring leaf tilted drive hopper to turn round around its vertical axis Pendular oscillation, the Bulbus Allii in hopper, owing to being risen along helical orbit by this vibration, through a series of during rising The screening of track or attitudes vibration, Bulbus Allii can be according to processing request in unifying state automatically into Working position, vibrating disk 402 by vibration unordered Bulbus Allii automatic order is aligned neatly, be transported to exactly pass capture station, reduce people simultaneously The labor intensity of work;Wherein, elevator 401 can be bucket elevator;Certainly, as long as can be by Bulbus Allii automatic transport to capturing work The structure of position, can be the conveyer device of this garlic root cutter.
According to a kind of embodiment of garlic root cutter of the present invention, cutter sweep 500 include the first cutting fixed mount 501, Cutting assembly, pressure transducer the 502, second cylinder 503 and the 3rd cylinder 504, cutting assembly include the first cutter 505, Two cutter the 506, first cutter support the 507, second cutter support 508 and connecting rods 509;
Connecting rod 509 is installed on the first cutting fixed mount 501 along the direction of the axial line being perpendicular to rotating disk 201;
First cutter 505 be placed on the first cutter support 507 and the first cutter support 507 two ends be connected The two ends of bar 509 are hinged, and the second cutter 506 are placed on the second cutter support 508 and the two of the second cutter support 508 Hold hinged with the two ends of connecting rod 509, between the first cutter support 507 and the second cutter support 508, form cutting room;
Along being perpendicular on the direction of connecting rod 509, the second cylinder 503 drives the first cutter support 507 and the second cutting Knife support 508 is so that cutting room switches between open configuration and closure state;
The middle part of connecting rod 509 arranges the first circular hole, and along being perpendicular on the direction of connecting rod 509, the 3rd cylinder 504 passes First circular hole is connected with pressure transducer 502;
When pressure transducer 502 sensing cutting, the 3rd cylinder 504 driving pressure force transducer 502 away from cutting room, when Pressure transducer 502 senses cutting when completing, and the 3rd cylinder 504 driving pressure force transducer 502 is near cutting room.
According to a kind of embodiment of garlic root cutter of the present invention, cutting assembly also includes the first drive link 5010, second Drive link 5011 and transmission bracket 5012;
Edge is perpendicular to the direction of connecting rod 509, and one end of the first drive link 5010 is hinged with the first cutter support 507, The other end is hinged with transmission bracket 5012;Edge is perpendicular to the direction of connecting rod 509, and one end of the second drive link 5011 is cut with second Cutter support 508 is hinged, and the other end is hinged with transmission bracket 5012;Second cylinder 503 drives transmission bracket 5012 so that cutting Space switches between open configuration and closure state.
According to the garlic root cutter of the present invention, when cutting the root of Bulbus Allii, the second cylinder 503 drives transmission bracket 5012 and first drive link the 5010, second drive link 5011 drive the first cutter support 507 and the second cutter support 508 to exist In connecting rod 509, hinge is dynamic cuts with the root to Bulbus Allii;
Being additionally provided with the first fixed plate and the second fixed plate on cutting fixed mount, the first fixed plate is connected with connecting rod 509, Being provided with the second circular hole on fixed connecting rod 509, the second fixed plate, the piston rod of the second cylinder passes the second circular hole and biography Dynamic support 5012 connects the stability guaranteeing cutting.
According to a kind of embodiment of garlic root cutter of the present invention, along being perpendicular on the direction of connecting rod 509, the first cutting It is provided with on fixed mount 501 in first slide rail 5013 and transmission bracket 5012 and is provided with the first slide block 5014, transmission bracket 5012 It is slidably connected with the first cutting fixed mount 501;
Being provided with spring 5017 on the bottom of the first cutting fixed mount 501, garlic root cutter also includes that the second cutting is fixed Frame 5018, along being perpendicular on the direction of connecting rod 509, the first cutting fixed mount 501 is additionally provided with the second slide block 5016, and the It is provided with the second slide rail 5015 on two cutting fixed mounts 5018;
First cutting fixed mount 501 and the second cutting fixed mount 5018 are slidably connected so that spring 5017 deforms with tune The height of joint the first cutting fixed mount 501.
According to the garlic root cutter of the present invention, transmission bracket 5012 and the first being slidably connected of fixed mount 501 of cutting can Make the carrying out that the first cutter 505 and the second cutter 506 are firm when cutting, so that cutting is accurate high;First cuts Cut fixed mount 501 and the second being slidably connected of fixed mount 5018 of cutting enables to the first cutting fixed mount 501 at spring 5017 Effect under adapt to Bulbus Allii location of root.
According to a further aspect in the invention, it is provided that a kind of garlic clove separating machine, the Bulbus Allii using technique scheme to provide cuts Root machine.
In sum, according to the optional many factors of garlic root cutter of the present invention.Claim according to the present invention is permissible Being combined into multiple embodiments, the technical scheme therefore gone out according to the claim combinations of the present invention is all at the protection model of the present invention Within enclosing.Below in conjunction with specific embodiments garlic root cutter of the present invention is further described through.
Embodiment 1
According to the garlic root cutter of the present invention, including: frame, handgrip mechanism 100, handgrip mechanism 100 has crawl station 700, cutting work station 800 and unloading station 900;First driving means;Second driving means;Conveyer device 400;Cutter sweep 500 and conveying device 600;
Bulbus Allii to be cut is placed in vibrating disk 402 by elevator 401, and vibrating disk 402 is for by Bulbus Allii to be cut successively It is delivered to capture station 700;Dispenser 202 is spirally connected with rotating disk 201, and handgrip mechanism 100 is arranged on rotating disk 201, dispenser 202 Driven rotation and the height of regulation rotating disk 201 of rotating disk 201 by motor and speed reducer, the second driving means drives hands simultaneously Referring to that 101 are switched to closure state by open configuration so that handgrip is switched to closure state by open configuration, handgrip mechanism 100 is grabbing Take and on station 700, Bulbus Allii to be cut is captured;Bulbus Allii to be cut is transferred to cutting work station 800 by rotating disk 201, now When pressure transducer 502 sensing in cutter sweep 500 is cut, the 3rd cylinder 504 driving pressure force transducer 502 is away from cutting sky Between, the second cylinder 503 on the first cutting fixed mount 501 drives the first cutter being provided with the first cutter 505 to prop up simultaneously Frame 507 and the second cutter support 508 being provided with the second cutter 506 cut with scissors to move in connecting rod 509 and must carry out root of Bulbus Allii Cutting, cutting room tapers into, until must cut complete by root of Bulbus Allii, now, pressure transducer 502 senses cutting to be completed, 3rd cylinder 504 driving pressure force transducer 502 is near cutting room, in order to ensure stability and accuracy, the cutting group of cutting Part also includes the first drive link the 5010, second drive link 5011 and transmission bracket 5012, when the root of Bulbus Allii is cut, and Two cylinders 503 drive transmission bracket 5,012 first drive link 5010 and the second drive link 5011 to drive the first cutter support 507 Cut with scissors to move in connecting rod 509 with the second cutter support 508 and cut with the root to Bulbus Allii, meanwhile, the first cutting fixed mount Being provided with the first slide rail 5013 on 501 and transmission bracket 5012 is provided with the first slide block 5014, transmission bracket 5012 is along being perpendicular to The direction of connecting rod 509 is slidably connected with the first cutting fixed mount 501, and is provided with second on the first cutting fixed mount 501 Being provided with the second slide rail 5015 on slide block 5016 and the second cutting fixed mount 5018, the first cutting fixed mount 501 is along being perpendicular to The direction of connecting rod 509 is slidably connected with the second cutting fixed mount 5018;The Bulbus Allii cut is transferred to unload by handgrip mechanism 100 Material station, the Bulbus Allii that the handgrip mechanism 100 being in unloading station is unloaded is transported by conveying device 600.
Last it is noted that various embodiments above is only in order to illustrate technical scheme, it is not intended to limit;To the greatest extent Invention has been described in detail by pipe with reference to foregoing embodiments, it will be understood by those within the art that: it is still Technical scheme described in foregoing embodiments can be modified, or the most some or all of technical characteristic is carried out Equivalent;And these amendments or replacement, do not make the essence of appropriate technical solution depart from various embodiments of the present invention technical side The scope of case.

Claims (10)

1. a garlic root cutter, including frame, it is characterised in that also include:
Being installed on the transfer device of described frame, described transfer device has crawl station, cutting work station and unloading station, institute State transfer device and include multiple handgrip mechanism;
For driving described transfer device to cut between described crawl station, described cutting work station and described unloading station successively The first driving means changed;
For the second driving means driving described handgrip mechanism to switch between open configuration and closure state, it is used for driving place Described handgrip mechanism in described crawl station is switched to closure state by open configuration, and driving is in described unloading station Described handgrip mechanism is switched to open configuration by closure state;
It is installed on described frame, for Bulbus Allii to be cut being delivered to the conveyer device of described crawl station;
It is in the cutter sweep of the root of Bulbus Allii palpus of described cutting work station for cutting when being installed on described frame, action.
Garlic root cutter the most according to claim 1, it is characterised in that described garlic root cutter also includes: be installed on institute State frame, for the conveying device transported by the described Bulbus Allii that the described handgrip mechanism being in described unloading station is unloaded.
Garlic root cutter the most according to claim 1, it is characterised in that described first driving means includes: rotating disk and point Cutter;
Described rotating disk is arranged on described dispenser, and described transfer device is arranged on described rotating disk;
Described dispenser is arranged in described frame, and described dispenser is for regulating the described rotating disk height along direction of axis line Spend and drive described rotating disk to rotate so that described transfer device is successively in described crawl station, described cutting around Pivot Point Center line Switch between station and described unloading station.
Garlic root cutter the most according to claim 3, it is characterised in that each described handgrip mechanism includes two handss Referring to, the inwall of each described finger is provided with a flexible clamping portion, and the inwall in described flexible clamping portion is provided with depression, when described When handgrip mechanism is in closure state, the described depression in the described flexible blessing portion of two described fingers relatively and cooperatively forms In the grasping part of Bulbus Allii shape, each described finger mounted connects in described rotating disk and with described second driving means transmission Connect.
Garlic root cutter the most according to claim 4, it is characterised in that described second driving means includes and described handgrip Mechanism's the first cylinder one to one, described first cylinder includes two pistons, two double-cranks and two rollers, each described Piston by with a described piston described double-crank one to one and with a described piston described roller one to one It is in transmission connection with a described piston described finger one to one.
Garlic root cutter the most according to claim 1, it is characterised in that described conveyer device includes elevator and is installed on Vibrating disk in described frame;
Described Bulbus Allii to be cut is placed in described vibrating disk by described elevator, and described vibrating disk is for by described to be cut big Bulbus Allii is delivered to described crawl station successively.
Garlic root cutter the most according to claim 1, it is characterised in that described cutter sweep includes that the first cutting is fixed Frame, cutting assembly, pressure transducer, the second cylinder and the 3rd cylinder, described cutting assembly includes the first cutter, the second cutting Cutter, the first cutter support, the second cutter support and connecting rod;
Described connecting rod is installed on described first cutting fixed mount along the direction of the axial line being perpendicular to described rotating disk;
Described first cutter are placed on described first cutter support and two ends and the described company of described first cutter support The two ends of extension bar are hinged, and described second cutter are placed on described second cutter support and described second cutter support Two ends are hinged with the two ends of described connecting rod, form cutting between described first cutter support and described second cutter support Space;
Described second cylinder drives described first cutter support and described second cutting along the direction being perpendicular to described connecting rod Knife support is so that described cutting room switches between open configuration and closure state;
The middle part of described connecting rod is provided with the first circular hole, and described 3rd cylinder is along being perpendicular to the direction of described connecting rod through institute State the first circular hole to be connected with described pressure transducer;
When the sensing cutting of described pressure transducer, described in described 3rd air cylinder driven, pressure transducer is away from described cutting sky Between, when the sensing cutting of described pressure transducer completes, described in described 3rd air cylinder driven, pressure transducer is near described cutting Space.
Garlic root cutter the most according to claim 7, it is characterised in that described cutting assembly also include the first drive link, Second drive link and transmission bracket;
One end of described first drive link is hinged with described first cutter support along the direction being perpendicular to described connecting rod, another Holding hinged with described transmission bracket, one end of described second drive link is cut along the direction being perpendicular to described connecting rod with described second Cutter support is hinged, and the other end is hinged with described transmission bracket;Transmission bracket described in described second air cylinder driven so that described in cut Cut space to switch between open configuration and closure state.
Garlic root cutter the most according to claim 8, it is characterised in that along being perpendicular to institute on described first cutting fixed mount State the direction of connecting rod to be provided with on the first slide rail and described driving frame and be provided with the first slide block, described transmission bracket and institute State the first cutting fixed mount to be slidably connected;
Being provided with spring on the bottom of described first cutting fixed mount, described garlic root cutter also includes the second cutting fixed mount, It is additionally provided with the second slide block on described first cutting fixed mount along the direction being perpendicular to described connecting rod, and described second cutting is solid Determine on frame, to be provided with the second slide rail;
Described first cutting fixed mount is slidably connected so that described spring deforms with regulation with described second cutting fixed mount The height of described first cutting fixed mount.
10. a garlic clove separating machine, it is characterised in that it is big that described garlic clove separating machine includes described in any one of claim 1-9 Bulbus Allii root cutter.
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CN109222169A (en) * 2018-10-26 2019-01-18 赵长春 A kind of garlic efficiently cuts full-automatic device
CN111285057A (en) * 2020-03-09 2020-06-16 安徽省华腾农业科技有限公司 Agricultural garlic clove separating equipment with better separation efficiency through intermittent blanking
CN114009812A (en) * 2021-11-19 2022-02-08 浙江省农业科学院 Automatic orange sectioning mechanism and sectioning method thereof

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CN114009812B (en) * 2021-11-19 2022-09-09 浙江省农业科学院 Automatic orange sectioning mechanism and sectioning method thereof

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