CN106305812A - Ecological disinfestant - Google Patents

Ecological disinfestant Download PDF

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Publication number
CN106305812A
CN106305812A CN201610716236.4A CN201610716236A CN106305812A CN 106305812 A CN106305812 A CN 106305812A CN 201610716236 A CN201610716236 A CN 201610716236A CN 106305812 A CN106305812 A CN 106305812A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
ferment
parts
ecological
insecticide
folium
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN201610716236.4A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
殷志高
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Guangzhou Chuangrui Biotechnology Development Co Ltd
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Guangzhou Chuangrui Biotechnology Development Co Ltd
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Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Guangzhou Chuangrui Biotechnology Development Co Ltd filed Critical Guangzhou Chuangrui Biotechnology Development Co Ltd
Priority to CN201610716236.4A priority Critical patent/CN106305812A/en
Publication of CN106305812A publication Critical patent/CN106305812A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Classifications

    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01NPRESERVATION OF BODIES OF HUMANS OR ANIMALS OR PLANTS OR PARTS THEREOF; BIOCIDES, e.g. AS DISINFECTANTS, AS PESTICIDES OR AS HERBICIDES; PEST REPELLANTS OR ATTRACTANTS; PLANT GROWTH REGULATORS
    • A01N65/00Biocides, pest repellants or attractants, or plant growth regulators containing material from algae, lichens, bryophyta, multi-cellular fungi or plants, or extracts thereof
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01NPRESERVATION OF BODIES OF HUMANS OR ANIMALS OR PLANTS OR PARTS THEREOF; BIOCIDES, e.g. AS DISINFECTANTS, AS PESTICIDES OR AS HERBICIDES; PEST REPELLANTS OR ATTRACTANTS; PLANT GROWTH REGULATORS
    • A01N41/00Biocides, pest repellants or attractants, or plant growth regulators containing organic compounds containing a sulfur atom bound to a hetero atom
    • A01N41/02Biocides, pest repellants or attractants, or plant growth regulators containing organic compounds containing a sulfur atom bound to a hetero atom containing a sulfur-to-oxygen double bond
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01NPRESERVATION OF BODIES OF HUMANS OR ANIMALS OR PLANTS OR PARTS THEREOF; BIOCIDES, e.g. AS DISINFECTANTS, AS PESTICIDES OR AS HERBICIDES; PEST REPELLANTS OR ATTRACTANTS; PLANT GROWTH REGULATORS
    • A01N63/00Biocides, pest repellants or attractants, or plant growth regulators containing microorganisms, viruses, microbial fungi, animals or substances produced by, or obtained from microorganisms, viruses, microbial fungi or animals, e.g. enzymes or fermentates
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01NPRESERVATION OF BODIES OF HUMANS OR ANIMALS OR PLANTS OR PARTS THEREOF; BIOCIDES, e.g. AS DISINFECTANTS, AS PESTICIDES OR AS HERBICIDES; PEST REPELLANTS OR ATTRACTANTS; PLANT GROWTH REGULATORS
    • A01N65/00Biocides, pest repellants or attractants, or plant growth regulators containing material from algae, lichens, bryophyta, multi-cellular fungi or plants, or extracts thereof
    • A01N65/08Magnoliopsida [dicotyledons]
    • A01N65/28Myrtaceae [Myrtle family], e.g. teatree or clove
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A50/00TECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE in human health protection, e.g. against extreme weather
    • Y02A50/30Against vector-borne diseases, e.g. mosquito-borne, fly-borne, tick-borne or waterborne diseases whose impact is exacerbated by climate change

Abstract

The invention discloses an ecological disinfestant and preparing method thereof. The ecological disinfestant comprises the following raw materials of: ferment, camphor bark, melangolo leaf, cannabis sativa leaf, angled bittersweet, pyrethrum, folium artemisiae argyi, Eucalyptus citriodora leaf and allicin. The ecological disinfestant is prepared by the steps, such as crushing, solvent extraction, recovery, filtering, concentrating, drying, mixing and pelleting. The ecological disinfestant is high in disinsection antibacterial property, crop pests are smudged via the bitter and sour smells of multiple raw materials to reduce the using amount of the insecticide; and particularly, for crops, such as tea trees, pesticide residues on tea leaves can be avoided, the photosynthesis of laminae can be strengthened, nutrient absorption is promoted, and thereby improving the quality of tea leaves further.

Description

A kind of ecological insecticide
Technical field
The invention belongs to insecticide preparing technical field, be specifically related to a kind of ecological insecticide and preparation method thereof.
Background technology
In agricultural production, people are typically employed in field sprinkling chemical pesticide and carry out the generation of controlling crop diseases and insect pests.By Big in some toxicity of pesticide, be not easy to decompose, soil remains accumulation for a long time, can cause in crops and livestock products and occur Residual pesticide, the harm mankind's is healthy.Especially for the crops such as Camellia sinensis, it is belonging to gather leaf as results product The crop of thing, not only needs to ensure the excellent quality of product, also to ensure its photosynthetic effect, improve yield.And pesticide Spray, be easy to cause pesticide residues on blade, reduce the quality of crops.Therefore, the use of pesticide is reduced, to carrying The quality of high crops is significant.
Summary of the invention
Present invention aim at proposing a kind of ecological insecticide and preparation method thereof, to solve to use chemical pesticide control evil Worm easily causes pest resistance to insecticide and the problem polluting environment.
Technical scheme is as follows:
A kind of ecological insecticide, including the raw material of following weight portion: ferment 5-8 part, Cortex cinnamomi camphorae 4-7 part, Petitgrain 8-12 Part, HUOMAYE 2-5 part, Celastrus angulatus 3-5 part, Pyrethrum 4-6 part, Folium Artemisiae Argyi 6-9 part, Folium Eucalypti Citriodorae 6-12 part and garlicin 2-3 part.
Preferably, described ecological insecticide includes the raw material of following weight portion: 6 parts of ferment, Cortex cinnamomi camphorae 5 parts, Petitgrain 10 Part, HUOMAYE 3 parts, Celastrus angulatus 4 parts, Pyrethrum 5 parts, Folium Artemisiae Argyi 7 parts, Folium Eucalypti Citriodorae 9 parts and garlicin 2 parts.
Preferably, the preparation method of described ferment comprises the following steps:
Step 1, by Semen Armeniacae Amarum, Semen Persicae, Fructus Lycopersici esculenti clean after, Semen Armeniacae Amarum and Semen Persicae pulverizing, diced for Fructus Lycopersici esculenti shape;
Step 2, will clean after Globba racemosa Smith carry out squeeze and filter, obtain Sucus Zingberis;
Step 3, will in step 1 pulverize after Semen Armeniacae Amarum and the Fructus Lycopersici esculenti after Semen Persicae, diced shape, the Sucus Zingberis in step 2 with After brown sugar, rice vinegar mix together, put in fermentation tank, carry out the primary fermentation of 7-10 days, be filtrated to get ferment just liquid;
Step 4, ferment step 3 obtained just liquid carries out maturation 180-190 days of fermenting, and obtains ferment stock solution;
Step 5, the ferment stock solution using spray drying or Freeze Drying Technique step 4 to be obtained make pressed powder.
Preferably, in described step 3, the temperature of primary fermentation is 15-20 DEG C.
Preferably, the temperature of maturation of fermenting in described step 4 is 37 DEG C.
The present invention also provides for the preparation method of a kind of ecological insecticide: by Petitgrain, HUOMAYE, Celastrus angulatus, Pyrethrum, Chinese mugwort After leaf is pulverized, add solvent extraction and obtain extracting solution, after extracting solution is reclaimed filtration, concentration, with ferment, garlicin and pulverizing After Cortex cinnamomi camphorae and Folium Eucalypti Citriodorae mixing, be dried, make the powder of 100-120 mesh, carry out sterilizing, i.e. prepare ecological insecticide.
Preferably, described solvent includes the ethanol of 95%.
Preferably, reclaiming the extracting solution after filtering is to carry out being concentrated into water content≤15% at a temperature of 85-90 DEG C.
The beneficial effect comprise that
1, the ecological insecticide that the present invention prepares is degradable, drug residue free, does not pollutes the environment.
2, the extract of the raw material used due to the present invention has deinsectization biocidal efficacies, has various insect pathogenic bacterias necessarily Resistance effect, and the growth of worm's ovum can be destroyed, the ecological insecticide that therefore present invention prepares can collect parasite killing, sterilize, anti- The function such as sick, disease-resistant is integrated, and reduces the pest and disease damage of crops to greatest extent.
3, the ecological insecticide that the present invention prepares utilizes the bitterness of plurality of raw materials and tart flavour to smoke and catch up with crop pests, especially lemon Lemon Folium eucalypti globueli (Eucalyptus globulus Labill.) has strong lemon, can stimulate the eyes of insect, makes it dare not be close, reduces insect pest, ecological, environmental protective, favorably In crop growth.
4, the ferment contained in the present invention helps lend some impetus to photosynthesis, and has good antibiotic property, to Camellia sinensis etc. For crops, both can reduce the sickness rate of Camellia sinensis, again can the photosynthesis of reinforced blade, promote Nutrient Absorption, further Improve tea leaf quality.
Detailed description of the invention
Below in conjunction with detailed description of the invention, the present invention is described in further detail.It is emphasized that the description below is only It is only exemplary rather than in order to limit the scope of the present invention and application thereof.
Embodiment one:
A kind of ecological insecticide, including the raw material of following weight portion: 5 parts of ferment, Cortex cinnamomi camphorae 4 parts, Petitgrain 8 parts, Urtica cannabina L. 2 parts of leaf, Celastrus angulatus 3 parts, Pyrethrum 4 parts, Folium Artemisiae Argyi 6 parts, Folium Eucalypti Citriodorae 6 parts and garlicin 2 parts.
The preparation method of described ferment comprises the following steps:
Step 1, by Semen Armeniacae Amarum, Semen Persicae, Fructus Lycopersici esculenti clean after, Semen Armeniacae Amarum and Semen Persicae pulverizing, diced for Fructus Lycopersici esculenti shape;
Step 2, will clean after Globba racemosa Smith carry out squeeze and filter, obtain Sucus Zingberis;
Step 3, will in step 1 pulverize after Semen Armeniacae Amarum and the Fructus Lycopersici esculenti after Semen Persicae, diced shape, the Sucus Zingberis in step 2 with After brown sugar, rice vinegar mix together, putting in fermentation tank, carry out the primary fermentation of 7 days, temperature is 15 DEG C, is filtrated to get at the beginning of ferment Liquid;
Step 4, ferment step 3 obtained just liquid carries out maturation 180 days of fermenting, and temperature is 37 DEG C, obtains ferment stock solution;
Step 5, the ferment stock solution using spray drying or Freeze Drying Technique step 4 to be obtained make pressed powder.
The present invention also provides for the preparation method of a kind of ecological insecticide: by Petitgrain, HUOMAYE, Celastrus angulatus, Pyrethrum, Chinese mugwort After leaf is pulverized, the ethanol extraction adding 95% obtains extracting solution, is reclaimed by extracting solution and filters, carries out at a temperature of 85-90 DEG C It is concentrated into water content≤15%, then is dried with ferment, garlicin and the Cortex cinnamomi camphorae after pulverizing and Folium Eucalypti Citriodorae mixing, make The powder of 100-120 mesh, carries out sterilizing, i.e. prepares ecological insecticide.
Embodiment two:
A kind of ecological insecticide, including the raw material of following weight portion: 8 parts of ferment, Cortex cinnamomi camphorae 7 parts, Petitgrain 12 parts, Urtica cannabina L. 5 parts of leaf, Celastrus angulatus 5 parts, Pyrethrum 6 parts, Folium Artemisiae Argyi 9 parts, Folium Eucalypti Citriodorae 12 parts and garlicin 3 parts.
The preparation method of described ferment comprises the following steps:
Step 1, by Semen Armeniacae Amarum, Semen Persicae, Fructus Lycopersici esculenti clean after, Semen Armeniacae Amarum and Semen Persicae pulverizing, diced for Fructus Lycopersici esculenti shape;
Step 2, will clean after Globba racemosa Smith carry out squeeze and filter, obtain Sucus Zingberis;
Step 3, will in step 1 pulverize after Semen Armeniacae Amarum and the Fructus Lycopersici esculenti after Semen Persicae, diced shape, the Sucus Zingberis in step 2 with After brown sugar, rice vinegar mix together, putting in fermentation tank, carry out the primary fermentation of 7-10 days, temperature is 20 DEG C, is filtrated to get ferment Just liquid;
Step 4, ferment step 3 obtained just liquid carries out maturation 180-190 days of fermenting, and temperature is 37 DEG C, obtains ferment Stock solution;
Step 5, the ferment stock solution using spray drying or Freeze Drying Technique step 4 to be obtained make pressed powder.
The present invention also provides for the preparation method of a kind of ecological insecticide: by Petitgrain, HUOMAYE, Celastrus angulatus, Pyrethrum, Chinese mugwort After leaf is pulverized, the ethanol extraction adding 95% obtains extracting solution, is reclaimed by extracting solution and filters, carries out at a temperature of 85-90 DEG C It is concentrated into water content≤15%, then is dried with ferment, garlicin and the Cortex cinnamomi camphorae after pulverizing and Folium Eucalypti Citriodorae mixing, make The powder of 100-120 mesh, carries out sterilizing, i.e. prepares ecological insecticide.
Embodiment three:
A kind of ecological insecticide, including the raw material of following weight portion: 6 parts of ferment, Cortex cinnamomi camphorae 5 parts, Petitgrain 10 parts, Urtica cannabina L. 3 parts of leaf, Celastrus angulatus 4 parts, Pyrethrum 5 parts, Folium Artemisiae Argyi 7 parts, Folium Eucalypti Citriodorae 9 parts and garlicin 2 parts.
The preparation method of described ferment comprises the following steps:
Step 1, by Semen Armeniacae Amarum, Semen Persicae, Fructus Lycopersici esculenti clean after, Semen Armeniacae Amarum and Semen Persicae pulverizing, diced for Fructus Lycopersici esculenti shape;
Step 2, will clean after Globba racemosa Smith carry out squeeze and filter, obtain Sucus Zingberis;
Step 3, will in step 1 pulverize after Semen Armeniacae Amarum and the Fructus Lycopersici esculenti after Semen Persicae, diced shape, the Sucus Zingberis in step 2 with After brown sugar, rice vinegar mix together, putting in fermentation tank, carry out the primary fermentation of 7-10 days, temperature is 18 DEG C, is filtrated to get ferment Just liquid;
Step 4, ferment step 3 obtained just liquid carries out maturation 180-190 days of fermenting, and temperature is 37 DEG C, obtains ferment Stock solution;
Step 5, the ferment stock solution using spray drying or Freeze Drying Technique step 4 to be obtained make pressed powder.
The present invention also provides for the preparation method of a kind of ecological insecticide: by Petitgrain, HUOMAYE, Celastrus angulatus, Pyrethrum, Chinese mugwort After leaf is pulverized, the ethanol extraction adding 95% obtains extracting solution, is reclaimed by extracting solution and filters, carries out at a temperature of 85-90 DEG C It is concentrated into water content≤15%, then is dried with ferment, garlicin and the Cortex cinnamomi camphorae after pulverizing and Folium Eucalypti Citriodorae mixing, make The powder of 100-120 mesh, carries out sterilizing, i.e. prepares ecological insecticide.
Test group selects 5 mu of tea tree planting bases, uses the ecological insecticide that the present invention prepares, every 0.1kg ecology deinsectization Agent water distribution 30kg, is spaced and uses once in 7 days, use three times altogether.Set up 5 mu of tea tree planting bases, routinely pesticide of matched group Insecticide is prevented and treated, and is spaced and uses once in 7 days, uses three times altogether.Test group and the initial pest and disease damage situation of matched group and Water and fertilizer management is the most identical, obtains result as shown in the table:
Sickness rate The pesticide residues situation of Folium Camelliae sinensis
Test group 9.8% Noresidue
Matched group 20.1% There is residual
As can be known from the table data, the pest control effect of the present invention is more obvious, and does not has drug residue.
Further, in the case of Fertilizer application amount is identical, the tea yield ratio of the Camellia sinensis of product of the present invention is used normally to execute Want high by 10% with the tea yield of the Camellia sinensis of fertilizer, illustrate that product of the present invention, on the basis of promoting photosynthesis, has increase Effect of tea yield.
Above content is to combine concrete/the most made for the present invention further description, it is impossible to Assert the present invention be embodied as be confined to these explanations.General technical staff of the technical field of the invention is come Saying, without departing from the inventive concept of the premise, these embodiments having described that can also be made some replacements or modification by it, And these substitute or variant all should be considered as belonging to protection scope of the present invention.

Claims (7)

1. an ecological insecticide, it is characterised in that include the raw material of following weight portion: ferment 5-8 part, Cortex cinnamomi camphorae 4-7 part, hardship Folium citri sinensis 8-12 part, HUOMAYE 2-5 part, Celastrus angulatus 3-5 part, Pyrethrum 4-6 part, Folium Artemisiae Argyi 6-9 part, Folium Eucalypti Citriodorae 6-12 part and Bulbus Allii Element 2-3 part.
Ecological insecticide the most according to claim 1, it is characterised in that include the raw material of following weight portion: 6 parts of ferment, Cortex cinnamomi camphorae 5 parts, Petitgrain 10 parts, HUOMAYE 3 parts, Celastrus angulatus 4 parts, Pyrethrum 5 parts, Folium Artemisiae Argyi 7 parts, Folium Eucalypti Citriodorae 9 parts and Bulbus Allii Element 2 parts.
Ecological insecticide the most according to claim 1 and 2, it is characterised in that the preparation method of described ferment includes following Step:
Step 1: after Semen Armeniacae Amarum, Semen Persicae, Fructus Lycopersici esculenti being cleaned, pulverizes, Semen Armeniacae Amarum and Semen Persicae diced for Fructus Lycopersici esculenti shape;
Step 2: the Globba racemosa Smith after cleaning carries out squeeze and filter, obtains Sucus Zingberis;
Step 3: Semen Armeniacae Amarum after pulverizing in step 1 and the Fructus Lycopersici esculenti after Semen Persicae, diced shape, the Sucus Zingberis in step 2 and brown sugar, After rice vinegar mixes together, put in fermentation tank, carry out the primary fermentation of 7-10 days, be filtrated to get ferment just liquid;
Step 4: ferment step 3 obtained just liquid carries out maturation 180-190 days of fermenting, and obtains ferment stock solution;
Step 5: the ferment stock solution using spray drying or Freeze Drying Technique step 4 to be obtained makes pressed powder.
Ecological insecticide the most according to claim 1 and 2, it is characterised in that by Petitgrain, HUOMAYE, Celastrus angulatus, deinsectization Chrysanthemum, Folium Artemisiae Argyi pulverize after, add solvent extraction obtain extracting solution, by extracting solution reclaim filter, concentrate after, with ferment, garlicin with And Cortex cinnamomi camphorae and the Folium Eucalypti Citriodorae after pulverizing mixes, is dried, make the powder of 100-120 mesh, carry out sterilizing, i.e. prepare ecology and remove Worm agent.
The preparation method of ferment the most according to claim 3, it is characterised in that the temperature of primary fermentation in described step 3 For 15-20 DEG C.
The preparation method of ferment the most according to claim 3, it is characterised in that the temperature of maturation of fermenting in described step 4 It it is 37 DEG C.
Ecological insecticide the most according to claim 4, it is characterised in that described solvent includes the ethanol of 95%.
CN201610716236.4A 2016-08-24 2016-08-24 Ecological disinfestant Pending CN106305812A (en)

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Cited By (9)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106831238A (en) * 2017-02-10 2017-06-13 刘富金 Indigenous microorganism probiotics makes microbial manure, nutrient solution, feed, agricultural chemicals, fermenting bed raising method
CN106905071A (en) * 2017-04-11 2017-06-30 山东博华高效生态农业科技有限公司 It is a kind of can expelling parasite liquid ferment fertilizer preparation method
CN107094813A (en) * 2017-03-09 2017-08-29 海门市琴键农产品有限公司 A kind of insecticide
CN107484779A (en) * 2017-08-08 2017-12-19 广西俊智农业科技有限公司 A kind of ferment of aphids resistance and preparation method thereof
CN107873754A (en) * 2017-12-11 2018-04-06 林厚海 Desinsection, bactericidal composition and preparation method thereof
CN108244156A (en) * 2017-12-19 2018-07-06 佛山杰致信息科技有限公司 Ornamental plant insecticide
CN108684723A (en) * 2018-04-24 2018-10-23 贵州贵谷农业股份有限公司 A kind of preparation method of the special disease prevention composition of rice
CN108835135A (en) * 2018-08-01 2018-11-20 浙江国禾实业股份有限公司 Confection for biological deinsectization
CN110367237A (en) * 2019-08-05 2019-10-25 乐清真如酵素有限公司 A kind of safe environment protection type mosquito dispersing ferment and preparation method

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Cited By (10)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106831238A (en) * 2017-02-10 2017-06-13 刘富金 Indigenous microorganism probiotics makes microbial manure, nutrient solution, feed, agricultural chemicals, fermenting bed raising method
CN107094813A (en) * 2017-03-09 2017-08-29 海门市琴键农产品有限公司 A kind of insecticide
CN106905071A (en) * 2017-04-11 2017-06-30 山东博华高效生态农业科技有限公司 It is a kind of can expelling parasite liquid ferment fertilizer preparation method
CN107484779A (en) * 2017-08-08 2017-12-19 广西俊智农业科技有限公司 A kind of ferment of aphids resistance and preparation method thereof
CN107873754A (en) * 2017-12-11 2018-04-06 林厚海 Desinsection, bactericidal composition and preparation method thereof
CN108244156A (en) * 2017-12-19 2018-07-06 佛山杰致信息科技有限公司 Ornamental plant insecticide
CN108684723A (en) * 2018-04-24 2018-10-23 贵州贵谷农业股份有限公司 A kind of preparation method of the special disease prevention composition of rice
CN108684723B (en) * 2018-04-24 2020-06-23 贵州贵谷农业股份有限公司 Disease-preventing composition special for rice
CN108835135A (en) * 2018-08-01 2018-11-20 浙江国禾实业股份有限公司 Confection for biological deinsectization
CN110367237A (en) * 2019-08-05 2019-10-25 乐清真如酵素有限公司 A kind of safe environment protection type mosquito dispersing ferment and preparation method

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