CN106297156A - A kind of power plant cable fire on-line monitoring early warning system and method - Google Patents

A kind of power plant cable fire on-line monitoring early warning system and method Download PDF

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Publication number
CN106297156A
CN106297156A CN201610881830.9A CN201610881830A CN106297156A CN 106297156 A CN106297156 A CN 106297156A CN 201610881830 A CN201610881830 A CN 201610881830A CN 106297156 A CN106297156 A CN 106297156A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
smoke
data
temperature
cable
power plant
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Pending
Application number
CN201610881830.9A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
马贵东
王红艳
吴恒
张鹏
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Nanjing Institute of Technology
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Nanjing Institute of Technology
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Priority to CN201610881830.9A priority Critical patent/CN106297156A/en
Publication of CN106297156A publication Critical patent/CN106297156A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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    • GPHYSICS
    • G08SIGNALLING
    • G08BSIGNALLING OR CALLING SYSTEMS; ORDER TELEGRAPHS; ALARM SYSTEMS
    • G08B17/00Fire alarms; Alarms responsive to explosion
    • G08B17/10Actuation by presence of smoke or gases, e.g. automatic alarm devices for analysing flowing fluid materials by the use of optical means
    • G08B17/117Actuation by presence of smoke or gases, e.g. automatic alarm devices for analysing flowing fluid materials by the use of optical means by using a detection device for specific gases, e.g. combustion products, produced by the fire
    • GPHYSICS
    • G08SIGNALLING
    • G08CTRANSMISSION SYSTEMS FOR MEASURED VALUES, CONTROL OR SIMILAR SIGNALS
    • G08C17/00Arrangements for transmitting signals characterised by the use of a wireless electrical link
    • G08C17/02Arrangements for transmitting signals characterised by the use of a wireless electrical link using a radio link

Abstract

The invention discloses a kind of power plant cable fire on-line monitoring early warning system, including computer PC, GPRS communication module, data monitoring active station, several hubs, several temperature divertors, several smoke-detectorses, tested cable, described computer PC1 is connected with described GPRS communication module, described GPRS communication module is connected with described data monitoring active station by GPRS network, the outfan of described hub is connected with described data monitoring active station, the input of described hub respectively with described temperature divertor, described smoke-detectors is connected, the distribution of described temperature divertor is arranged on described tested cable, the distribution of described smoke-detectors is arranged at the periphery of described tested cable, described computer PC1 is used for showing the simulation drawing of conduit line.The present invention also proposes the method for a kind of power plant cable fire on-line monitoring early warning system, promptly and accurately can judge trouble point, thus reduce the loss in power plant, has the biggest economic use value.

Description

A kind of power plant cable fire on-line monitoring early warning system and method
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of power plant cable fire on-line monitoring early warning system and method, belong to electrical technology and equipment Technical field.
Background technology
Along with the increase of urban power consumption, power plant is being gradually increased the capacity of unit, and the application of cable also can be increasingly Extensively, and the transmission range of cable also can be gradually increased.The extensive application of cable often brings cable fault even fire Deng series of problems.Due to cable quality problem and cable longtime running under high-intensity magnetic field, wet environment, often cause electricity Cable medial head is overheated, thus causes insulation to burn and cause fire.The cable fire that cable fault causes causes large-area cable Damage, thus power plant is by forced-stopping machine, and cannot recover in the short time, cause huge economic loss.It addition, power plant is electric The laying of cable is apart from long, and circumstance complication in cable duct, for maintainer, the fault of cable is held and fixed Position seems great difficulty.In order to reduce because cable fault causes the loss of fire, in order to make maintainer more preferable Holding cable fault and location, real time temperature monitoring and fire alarm to cable just seem most important.
Summary of the invention
It is an object of the invention to, overcome the defect that prior art exists, solve above-mentioned technical problem, propose one generating Factory's cable fire on-line monitoring early warning system and method, it is possible to the cable in power plant is realized online cable temperature monitoring and fire Warning function, thus reduce the loss causing cable fire because temperature is too high and cause.
The present invention adopts the following technical scheme that a kind of power plant cable fire on-line monitoring early warning system, it is characterised in that Including computer PC, GPRS communication module, data monitoring active station, several hubs, several temperature divertors, several cigarettes Fog detector, tested cable, described computer PC1 is connected with described GPRS communication module, and described GPRS communication module is passed through GPRS network is connected with described data monitoring active station, and the outfan of described hub is connected with described data monitoring active station Connecing, the input of described hub is connected with described temperature divertor, described smoke-detectors respectively, described temperature divertor Distribution is arranged on described tested cable, and the distribution of described smoke-detectors is arranged at the periphery of described tested cable, described electricity Brain PC1 is used for showing the simulation drawing of conduit line.
Preferably, temperature divertor includes intelligent temperature sensor, high-speed a/d converter, and intelligent temperature sensor is used for Cable each point is carried out the real-time monitoring of temperature.
Preferably, to include that Ionic Smoke Transducer, Ionic Smoke Transducer are used for monitoring cable exhausted for smoke-detectors Edge is heated or burns the chemical gas produced.
Preferably, hub includes CPU, message handler, communication processor, CPU respectively with message handler, mailing address Reason device is connected, and message handler is connected with temperature divertor, smoke-detectors respectively, and communication processor is grasped with data monitoring It is connected as station.
The present invention also proposes the method for a kind of power plant cable fire on-line monitoring early warning system, it is characterised in that include Following steps:
The intelligent temperature sensor of step S1 temperature divertor carries out Real-time Collection to the temperature of each point on tested cable, Then carrying out data process by high-speed a/d converter, the temperature data that temperature divertor obtains is transferred on hub, smog Ionic Smoke Transducer in detector is monitored tested cable insulation and is heated or the smog number of the chemical gas produced that burns According to being transferred on hub;
Smoke data in step S1 and temperature data are processed by the message handler on step S2 hub, then Data monitoring active station is sent to by communication processor;
After smoke data in step S2 and temperature data are processed by step S3 data monitoring active station, pass through GPRS Network communicates with GPRS communication module, and smoke data and temperature data are passed to computer PC, the smog that computer PC will receive Data and temperature data show on each position of the simulation drawing of conduit line, if overheated or burning occurs in tested cable Exception, computer PC can show picture and send audio alarm, is determined the position of failure point of tested cable by picture simultaneously.
The beneficial effect that the present invention is reached: the on-line monitoring early warning system of the present invention can real-time online to cable each point Place carries out temperature monitoring, when cable temperature is too high, can process trouble point promptly and accurately.Meanwhile, smoke-detectors Utilization, when occurring that cable heated causes cable fire, early warning system can send alarm, such that it is able to promptly and accurately to fault Point judges, thus reduces the loss in power plant, has the biggest economic use value.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is the structural representation of a kind of power plant cable fire on-line monitoring early warning system of the present invention.
Fig. 2 is the structural representation of the hub of the present invention.
The implication of labelling in figure: 1-computer PC, 2-GPRS communication module, 3-data monitoring active station, 4-hub, 5-temperature Degree transducer, 6-smoke-detectors, the tested cable of 7-, 8-CPU, 9-message handler, 10-communication processor.
Detailed description of the invention
The invention will be further described below in conjunction with the accompanying drawings.Following example are only used for clearly illustrating the present invention Technical scheme, and can not limit the scope of the invention with this.
Fig. 1 is the structural representation of a kind of power plant cable fire on-line monitoring early warning system of the present invention.The present invention carries Go out a kind of power plant cable fire on-line monitoring early warning system, including computer PC1, GPRS communication module 2, data monitoring active station 3, several hubs 4, several temperature divertors 5, several smoke-detectorses 6, tested cable 7, computer PC1 Yu GPRS leads to Letter module 2 is connected, and GPRS communication module 2 is connected with data monitoring active station 3 by GPRS network, the output of hub 4 End is connected with data monitoring active station 3, and the input of hub 4 is connected with temperature divertor 5, smoke-detectors 6 respectively, Temperature divertor 5 distribution is arranged on tested cable 7, and smoke-detectors 6 distribution is arranged at the periphery of tested cable 7, computer PC1 is used for showing the simulation drawing of conduit line.
As a kind of preferred embodiment, temperature divertor 5 includes intelligent temperature sensor, high-speed a/d converter, intelligence Temperature sensor is used for carrying out cable each point the real-time monitoring of temperature, intelligent temperature sensor be digital temperature sensor with EBI integrated, its volume is little, and capacity of resisting disturbance is strong;Intelligent temperature sensor is distributed on tested cable 7, each to cable Click on the real-time monitoring of trip temperature.
As a kind of preferred embodiment, smoke-detectors 6 includes Ionic Smoke Transducer, Ionic Smoke Transducer It is heated for monitoring cable insulation or burns the chemical gas produced.
Fig. 2 is the structural representation of the hub of the present invention.Hub 4 includes CPU8, message handler 9, communication process Device 10, CPU8 is connected with message handler 9, communication processor 10 respectively, message handler 9 respectively with temperature divertor 5, cigarette Fog detector 6 is connected, and communication processor 10 is connected with data monitoring active station 10.
The present invention also proposes the method for a kind of power plant cable fire on-line monitoring early warning system, comprises the steps:
The temperature of each point on tested cable 7 is adopted by the intelligent temperature sensor of step S1 temperature divertor 5 in real time Collection, then carries out data process by high-speed a/d converter, and the temperature data that temperature divertor 5 obtains is transferred to hub 4 On, the Ionic Smoke Transducer in smoke-detectors 6 is monitored the insulation of tested cable 7 and is heated or the chemical gas produced that burns Smoke data be transferred on hub 4;
Smoke data in step S1 and temperature data are processed, so by the message handler 9 on step S2 hub 4 Data monitoring active station 3 is sent to afterwards by communication processor 10;
After smoke data in step S2 and temperature data are processed by step S3 data monitoring active station 3, pass through GPRS network communicates with GPRS communication module, and smoke data and temperature data are passed to computer PC1, computer PC1 will be received Smoke data and temperature data show on each position of the simulation drawing of conduit line, if tested cable 7 occur overheated Or the exception of burning, computer PC1 can show picture and send audio alarm, determines tested cable 7 by picture simultaneously Position of failure point.
A kind of power plant cable fire on-line monitoring early warning system of the present invention can well be to the temperature of cable each point It is monitored, for abnormal conditions such as cable faults, it is possible to rapidly and accurately position of failure point is judged, thus decreases Economic loss because of the power plant that cable fire causes.
The above is only the preferred embodiment of the present invention, it is noted that for the ordinary skill people of the art For Yuan, on the premise of without departing from the technology of the present invention principle, it is also possible to make some improvement and deformation, these improve and deformation Also should be regarded as protection scope of the present invention.

Claims (5)

1. a power plant cable fire on-line monitoring early warning system, it is characterised in that include that computer PC (1), GPRS communicate mould Block (2), data monitoring active station (3), several hubs (4), several temperature divertors (5), several smoke-detectorses (6), tested cable (7), described computer PC (1) is connected with described GPRS communication module (2), described GPRS communication module (2) It is connected with described data monitoring active station (3) by GPRS network, the outfan of described hub (4) and described data monitoring Active station (3) is connected, the input of described hub (4) respectively with described temperature divertor (5), described smoke-detectors (6) being connected, described temperature divertor (5) distribution is arranged on described tested cable (7), and described smoke-detectors (6) is distributed Being arranged at the periphery of described tested cable (7), described computer PC (1) is used for showing the simulation drawing of conduit line.
A kind of power plant the most according to claim 1 cable fire on-line monitoring early warning system, it is characterised in that described temperature Degree transducer (5) includes intelligent temperature sensor, high-speed a/d converter, and described intelligent temperature sensor is used for cable each point Carry out the real-time monitoring of temperature.
3., according to the arbitrary described a kind of power plant cable fire on-line monitoring early warning system of claim 1 or 2, its feature exists In, described smoke-detectors (6) includes that Ionic Smoke Transducer, described Ionic Smoke Transducer are used for monitoring cable insulation It is heated or burns the chemical gas produced.
4., according to the arbitrary described a kind of power plant cable fire on-line monitoring early warning system of claims 1 to 3, its feature exists In, described hub (4) includes CPU (8), message handler (9), communication processor (10), and described CPU (8) is respectively with described Message handler (9), described communication processor (10) are connected, described message handler (9) respectively with described temperature divertor (5), described smoke-detectors (6) be connected, described communication processor (10) is connected with described data monitoring active station (10).
5. a method based on the power plant cable fire on-line monitoring early warning system described in claim 1, it is characterised in that Comprise the steps:
The temperature of the intelligent temperature sensor of step S1 temperature divertor (5) each point upper to tested cable (7) is adopted in real time Collection, then carries out data process by high-speed a/d converter, and the temperature data that temperature divertor (5) obtains is transferred to hub (4), on, the Ionic Smoke Transducer in smoke-detectors (6) is monitored tested cable (7) insulation and is heated or generation of burning The smoke data of chemical gas is transferred on hub (4);
Message handler (9) on step S2 hub (4) to the smoke data in described step S1 and temperature data at Reason, then sends data monitoring active station (3) to by communication processor (10);
After smoke data in step S2 and temperature data are processed by step S3 data monitoring active station (3), pass through GPRS Network communicates with GPRS communication module, and smoke data and temperature data are passed to computer PC (1), computer PC (1) will be received Smoke data and temperature data show on each position of the simulation drawing of conduit line, if tested cable (7) occurred Heat or the exception of burning, computer PC (1) can show picture and send audio alarm, determines tested cable by picture simultaneously (7) position of failure point.
CN201610881830.9A 2016-10-09 2016-10-09 A kind of power plant cable fire on-line monitoring early warning system and method Pending CN106297156A (en)

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
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Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN107886671A (en) * 2017-10-26 2018-04-06 国家电网公司 A kind of gas recombination detector for cable fire
CN108680827A (en) * 2018-05-17 2018-10-19 西安交通大学 Cable overheats monitoring device and its monitoring method
CN109243130A (en) * 2018-09-07 2019-01-18 公安部四川消防研究所 More methods physics fusion fire monitoring system and its predict fire probability
CN111210687A (en) * 2020-02-27 2020-05-29 南京工程学院 Operation and maintenance training platform for electromechanical equipment system of urban rail transit

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CN204965668U (en) * 2015-06-17 2016-01-13 国家电网公司 Cable pit conflagration on -line monitoring device of transformer substation
CN105241559A (en) * 2015-10-28 2016-01-13 河南开启电力实业有限公司 Intelligent cable temperature on-line monitoring system
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* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN2854536Y (en) * 2005-12-09 2007-01-03 许海生 On-line intelligent scaning device for cable temp measuring
DE202007018615U1 (en) * 2007-08-31 2008-12-18 Rodenberg, Volker Cable duct and fire protection system
CN202331700U (en) * 2011-11-04 2012-07-11 安徽省电力科学研究院 Cable temperature early warning system based on multi-criteria
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Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN107886671A (en) * 2017-10-26 2018-04-06 国家电网公司 A kind of gas recombination detector for cable fire
CN108680827A (en) * 2018-05-17 2018-10-19 西安交通大学 Cable overheats monitoring device and its monitoring method
CN109243130A (en) * 2018-09-07 2019-01-18 公安部四川消防研究所 More methods physics fusion fire monitoring system and its predict fire probability
CN111210687A (en) * 2020-02-27 2020-05-29 南京工程学院 Operation and maintenance training platform for electromechanical equipment system of urban rail transit
CN111210687B (en) * 2020-02-27 2021-10-22 南京工程学院 Operation and maintenance training platform for electromechanical equipment system of urban rail transit

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Application publication date: 20170104