CN106290972B - A kind of Anti-freezing anemoclinograph - Google Patents

A kind of Anti-freezing anemoclinograph Download PDF

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Publication number
CN106290972B
CN106290972B CN201610609912.8A CN201610609912A CN106290972B CN 106290972 B CN106290972 B CN 106290972B CN 201610609912 A CN201610609912 A CN 201610609912A CN 106290972 B CN106290972 B CN 106290972B
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
vane
mercury
layer
battery
anemoclinograph
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CN201610609912.8A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN106290972A (en
Inventor
禹胜林
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Wuxi Nuist Weather Sensor Network Technology Co Ltd
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Wuxi Nuist Weather Sensor Network Technology Co Ltd
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    • GPHYSICS
    • G01MEASURING; TESTING
    • G01PMEASURING LINEAR OR ANGULAR SPEED, ACCELERATION, DECELERATION, OR SHOCK; INDICATING PRESENCE, ABSENCE, OR DIRECTION, OF MOVEMENT
    • G01P5/00Measuring speed of fluids, e.g. of air stream; Measuring speed of bodies relative to fluids, e.g. of ship, of aircraft
    • G01P5/02Measuring speed of fluids, e.g. of air stream; Measuring speed of bodies relative to fluids, e.g. of ship, of aircraft by measuring forces exerted by the fluid on solid bodies, e.g. anemometer
    • G01P5/06Measuring speed of fluids, e.g. of air stream; Measuring speed of bodies relative to fluids, e.g. of ship, of aircraft by measuring forces exerted by the fluid on solid bodies, e.g. anemometer using rotation of vanes
    • GPHYSICS
    • G01MEASURING; TESTING
    • G01PMEASURING LINEAR OR ANGULAR SPEED, ACCELERATION, DECELERATION, OR SHOCK; INDICATING PRESENCE, ABSENCE, OR DIRECTION, OF MOVEMENT
    • G01P1/00Details of instruments
    • GPHYSICS
    • G01MEASURING; TESTING
    • G01PMEASURING LINEAR OR ANGULAR SPEED, ACCELERATION, DECELERATION, OR SHOCK; INDICATING PRESENCE, ABSENCE, OR DIRECTION, OF MOVEMENT
    • G01P13/00Indicating or recording presence, absence, or direction, of movement
    • G01P13/0006Indicating or recording presence, absence, or direction, of movement of fluids or of granulous or powder-like substances
    • G01P13/004Indicating or recording presence, absence, or direction, of movement of fluids or of granulous or powder-like substances by using the rotation of vanes
    • GPHYSICS
    • G01MEASURING; TESTING
    • G01PMEASURING LINEAR OR ANGULAR SPEED, ACCELERATION, DECELERATION, OR SHOCK; INDICATING PRESENCE, ABSENCE, OR DIRECTION, OF MOVEMENT
    • G01P13/00Indicating or recording presence, absence, or direction, of movement
    • G01P13/02Indicating direction only, e.g. by weather vane

Abstract

The invention belongs to wind transducer field, specially a kind of Anti-freezing anemoclinograph, including vane;The vane includes outer layer, middle layer and internal layer, and the outer layer is flexible solar battery;Middle layer includes the battery for being connected to flexible solar battery;Internal layer is vane body;One electrode of the battery is connected in a manner of conductive with vane body, and another electrode is connected to vane body by mercury;The mercury is steeped in the side for being located at battery with mercury;The insulating layer includes that the weight ratio of foamed polyurethane and terpene resin, wherein polyurethane foam and terpene resin is 3:1.It can prevent frosty weather to the influence of wind speed and direction, can be applied to the ice and snow weather of various regions, and structure is simple, the heating to vane can be realized automatically according to environment temperature, and anti-ice jelly effect is good, easy to maintenance.

Description

A kind of Anti-freezing anemoclinograph
Technical field
The invention belongs to wind transducer field, specially a kind of Anti-freezing anemoclinograph.
Background technique
Anemobiagraph and anemoscope are the commonly used equipments of weather monitoring.Currently, the anemoclinograph for being applied to north of china in winter is general Store-through is the phenomenon that icing leads to anemoclinograph cisco unity malfunction.
For this problem, Chinese patent CN202502108U discloses " a kind of antifreeze anemobiagraph " comprising wind direction cup, Wind wing strut, strut base portion, bearing, dead axle, the left end of wind wing strut are equipped with wind direction cup, and the right end of wind wing strut is equipped with strut base Portion, strut base portion are connected with the bearing on dead axle, further include controller, temperature sensor, conduction brush, conducting ring, spring, resistance Silk, the output end for measuring the temperature sensor of environment temperature are connected with the input terminal of controller, controller, conducting ring, conduction Brush, resistance wire are sequentially connected in series.The present invention detects outdoor environment temperature using temperature sensor, when ambient temperature is equal to or less than set When a certain temperature set, controller internal relay conducting, resistance wire work will be attached to ice and snow on wind direction cup and dissolve, guarantees Anemobiagraph works normally.
Also there are Chinese patent CN204241499U " integrated anemoclinograph ", including oval-shaped shell, shell is by upper casing Body and two part of lower case connect and compose, and the longitudinal center direction of upper housing is equipped with rotatable weathercock axis, the top of weathercock axis Up extend upper housing, and weathercock is installed on its top, the bottom end of weathercock axis is equipped with weathercock turntable, weathercock disc surfaces The loophole for penetrating weathercock turntable is offered, loophole is fixedly arranged above the first photoelectric sensor, and the first photoelectric sensor connects It is connected to control chip, control chip is used to be converted to the electric signal of receiving the data of wind speed and direction, in the longitudinal direction of lower case Heart direction is equipped with rotatable vane axis, and lower case is extended in the bottom end of vane axis down, and is equipped with vane, wind in its bottom end The top of cup axle is equipped with vane turntable, and vane disc surfaces offer the guide-lighting slot extended on circumference, and under vane turntable Side is equipped with the light source irradiated upwards, is equipped with second photoelectric transfer for being mounted on lower case medial surface in the periphery of vane turntable Sensor, second photoelectric sensor are electrically connected with control chip, and the heater rotated jointly with vane is equipped on vane, and It is additionally provided with and is fixed in lower case for generating the alternating magnetic field generating device of alternating magnetic field, Yi Jiyu on the inside of the heater The alternating magnetic field generating device is connected and provides the high-frequency circuit of high-frequency current for it, and the alternating magnetic field generating device is by interior Portion is equipped with the disc skeleton of bearing, one or more magnetic conduction for being distributed in the disc skeleton periphery and being embedded within portion Item, and the coil composition being wrapped on the disc skeleton side wall, which is tightly placed in lower case, coil then with high-frequency electrical Road is connected, and is to use magnetic induction heating method to heat to anemoclinograph.But its structure is complex, once occur Failure is then difficult to repair.And currently without the easy anemoclinograph for being suitable for freezing weather.
Summary of the invention
In order to solve the above technical problem, the present invention provides a kind of Anti-freezing anemoclinographs, can prevent frosty weather Influence to wind speed and direction can be applied to the ice and snow weather of various regions, and structure is simple, can be realized automatically according to environment temperature pair The heating of vane, and anti-ice jelly effect is good, easy to maintenance.
In order to achieve the above technical purposes, the specific technical solution that the present invention takes is a kind of Anti-freezing wind speed and direction Instrument including vane and is used to support the support frame of vane;The vane includes outer layer, middle layer and internal layer, and the outer layer is soft Property solar battery;Middle layer includes the battery for being connected to flexible solar battery;Internal layer is vane body;The vane body is electricity Heating material is prepared;One electrode of the battery is connected in a manner of conductive with vane body, and another electrode is logical Cross mercury and be connected to vane body, and an electrode, mercury and the vane body of battery connection mercury be collectively formed it is close The vacuum space closed;The mercury is steeped in the side for being located at vane body with mercury;The mercury bubble is wrapped with insulating layer, The mercury that the temperature of insulating layer guarantees that the mercury in mercury is thermally expanded, and thermally expanded can contact battery simultaneously With vane body, and battery and vane body, vane body is made to form circuit cycles;The insulating layer includes foamed polyurethane and terpene Olefine resin, wherein polyurethane foam and the weight ratio of terpene resin are 3:1.
As the improved technical solution of the present invention, the electric heating material includes each substance of following parts by weight:
3-5 parts of mercury
5-9 parts of mica sheet
15-25 parts of aluminium powder
5-8 parts of zinc powder
2-6 parts of expanded graphite.
As the improved technical solution of the present invention, support frame as described above pedestal includes interconnecting piece and several are installed on connection Plug in pricker in the longitudinal direction of portion bottom end.
As the improved technical solution of the present invention, the longitudinal direction plugs in pricker and is equipped with several transverse directions in one end far from interconnecting piece Prevention pricker.
It further include rain-proof shed, the rain-proof shed top for being installed on vane as the improved technical solution of the present invention.
As the improved technical solution of the present invention, the insulating layer is that foamed polyurethane is crushed to 30um-50um, by terpene Olefine resin is heated to melting, and the terpene resin of melting and foamed polyurethane are directly coated on outside mercury bubble after mixing, applied Cover with a thickness of 50-60um.
Beneficial effect
To keep purpose and the technical solution of the embodiment of the present invention clearer, below in conjunction with the attached of the embodiment of the present invention Figure, is clearly and completely described the technical solution of the embodiment of the present invention.Obviously, described embodiment is of the invention A part of the embodiment, instead of all the embodiments.Based on described the embodiment of the present invention, those of ordinary skill in the art Every other embodiment obtained, shall fall within the protection scope of the present invention under the premise of being not necessarily to creative work.
Those skilled in the art of the present technique are appreciated that unless otherwise defined, all terms used herein (including technology art Language and scientific term) there is meaning identical with the general understanding of those of ordinary skill in fields of the present invention.Should also Understand, those terms such as defined in the general dictionary, which should be understood that, to be had and the meaning in the context of the prior art The consistent meaning of justice, and unless defined as here, it will not be explained in an idealized or overly formal meaning.
The meaning of heretofore described " inside and outside " refers to relative to equipment itself, the side inside sensing equipment To in, on the contrary is outer, rather than the specific restriction to the device of the invention mechanism.
The meaning of heretofore described " connection " can be between component be directly connected to be also possible to pass through between component Other components are indirectly connected with.
Detailed description of the invention
A kind of overall schematic of Anti-freezing anemoclinograph Fig. 1 of the invention;
A kind of structural schematic diagram of the vane of Anti-freezing anemoclinograph Fig. 2 of the invention;
In figure: 1, vane;2, support frame;11, internal layer;12, middle layer;13, outer layer;14, mercury.
Specific embodiment
To keep purpose and the technical solution of the embodiment of the present invention clearer, below in conjunction with the attached of the embodiment of the present invention Figure, is clearly and completely described the technical solution of the embodiment of the present invention.Obviously, described embodiment is of the invention A part of the embodiment, instead of all the embodiments.Based on described the embodiment of the present invention, those of ordinary skill in the art Every other embodiment obtained, shall fall within the protection scope of the present invention under the premise of being not necessarily to creative work.
Those skilled in the art of the present technique are appreciated that unless otherwise defined, all terms used herein (including technology art Language and scientific term) there is meaning identical with the general understanding of those of ordinary skill in fields of the present invention.Should also Understand, those terms such as defined in the general dictionary, which should be understood that, to be had and the meaning in the context of the prior art The consistent meaning of justice, and unless defined as here, it will not be explained in an idealized or overly formal meaning.
The meaning of heretofore described " inside and outside " refers to relative to equipment itself, the side inside sensing equipment To in, on the contrary is outer, rather than the specific restriction to the device of the invention mechanism.
The meaning of heretofore described " connection " can be between component be directly connected to be also possible to pass through between component Other components are indirectly connected with.
Embodiment
A kind of Anti-freezing anemoclinograph as shown in attached drawing 1-2 including vane 1 and is used to support the support of vane 1 Frame 2;The vane 1 includes outer layer 13, middle layer 12 and internal layer 11, and the outer layer 13 is flexible solar battery;Middle layer 12 includes It is connected to the battery of flexible solar battery;Internal layer 11 is 1 body of vane;1 body of vane is prepared for electric heating material; One electrode of the battery is connected in a manner of conductive with 1 body of vane, and another electrode is connected to by mercury 14 1 body of vane, and closed vacuum is collectively formed in an electrode, mercury 14 and 1 body of vane of battery connection mercury 14 Space;The mercury 14 is steeped in the side for being located at 1 body of vane with mercury;The mercury bubble is wrapped with insulating layer, keeps the temperature The temperature of layer guarantee the mercury mercury that thermally expands, and thermally expand in mercury 14 can contact simultaneously battery and 1 body of vane, and battery and 1 body of vane, 1 body of vane is made to form circuit cycles;The insulating layer include foamed polyurethane with Terpene resin, wherein polyurethane foam and the weight ratio of terpene resin are 3:1;The insulating layer is to be crushed to foamed polyurethane Terpene resin is heated to melting by 30um-50um, and the terpene resin of melting is directly coated after mixing with foamed polyurethane It is outer in mercury bubble, coating with a thickness of 50-60um.
The electric heating material includes each substance of following parts by weight:
3-5 parts of mercury
5-9 parts of mica sheet
15-25 parts of aluminium powder
5-8 parts of zinc powder
2-6 parts of expanded graphite.
The performance table of comparisons is as shown in table 1 after electric heating material is implemented,
1 electric heating material of table is by the performance test table after different ratio implementation
In order to increase stability, prevent strong wind from leaving anemoclinograph, if 2 pedestal of support frame as described above include interconnecting piece and Plug in pricker in the dry longitudinal direction for being installed on interconnecting piece bottom end;It plugs in pricker and is equipped with several transverse directions in one end far from interconnecting piece in the longitudinal direction Prevent pricker.
It further include rain-proof shed, the rain-proof shed top for being installed on vane 1.
The above is only embodiments of the present invention, and the description thereof is more specific and detailed, and but it cannot be understood as right The limitation of the invention patent range.It should be pointed out that for those of ordinary skill in the art, not departing from the present invention Under the premise of design, various modifications and improvements can be made, these are all belonged to the scope of protection of the present invention.

Claims (6)

1. a kind of Anti-freezing anemoclinograph, which is characterized in that including vane and be used to support the support frame of vane;The wind Cup includes outer layer, middle layer and internal layer, and the outer layer is flexible solar battery;Middle layer includes being connected to flexible solar battery Battery;Internal layer is vane body;The vane body is prepared for electric heating material;An electrode and vane body for the battery It is connected in a manner of conductive, another electrode is connected to vane body by mercury, and battery connects mercury Closed vacuum space is collectively formed in one electrode, mercury and vane body;The mercury is in the side band for being located at vane body There is mercury bubble;The mercury bubble is wrapped with insulating layer, and the temperature of insulating layer guarantees that the mercury in mercury thermally expands, and And the mercury thermally expanded can contact battery and vane body simultaneously, and battery and vane body is made to form circuit cycles; The insulating layer includes that the weight ratio of foamed polyurethane and terpene resin, wherein foamed polyurethane and terpene resin is 3:1.
2. a kind of Anti-freezing anemoclinograph according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the electric heating material includes such as Each substance of lower parts by weight:
3-5 parts of mercury
5-9 parts of mica sheet
15-25 parts of aluminium powder
5-8 parts of zinc powder
2-6 parts of expanded graphite.
3. a kind of Anti-freezing anemoclinograph according to claim 1, which is characterized in that support frame as described above includes interconnecting piece And pricker is inserted in several longitudinal directions for being installed on interconnecting piece bottom end.
4. a kind of Anti-freezing anemoclinograph according to claim 3, which is characterized in that plug in pricker far from even in the longitudinal direction One end of socket part is equipped with several lateral prevention prickers.
5. a kind of Anti-freezing anemoclinograph according to claim 1, which is characterized in that further include rain-proof shed, the gear Awning is installed on the top of vane.
6. a kind of Anti-freezing anemoclinograph according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the insulating layer is to gather foam Urethane is crushed to 30um-50um, and terpene resin is heated to melting, and the terpene resin of melting is uniformly mixed with foamed polyurethane Directly be coated on that mercury bubble is outer afterwards, coating with a thickness of 50-60um.
CN201610609912.8A 2016-07-28 2016-07-28 A kind of Anti-freezing anemoclinograph Active CN106290972B (en)

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201610609912.8A CN106290972B (en) 2016-07-28 2016-07-28 A kind of Anti-freezing anemoclinograph

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
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CN106290972B true CN106290972B (en) 2019-02-19

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Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
AU685008B2 (en) * 1994-11-11 1998-01-08 Environdata Australia Pty Ltd Weather station
CN103163322A (en) * 2013-02-06 2013-06-19 浙江贝良风能电子科技有限公司 Anti-freeze wind detecting sensor
CN104155472A (en) * 2014-07-18 2014-11-19 苏州能斯达电子科技有限公司 Hot-film wind speed and wind direction sensor and preparation method thereof
CN205067511U (en) * 2015-09-07 2016-03-02 王东辉 Special resistive connection ice anemometry sensor heating system of anemometry equipment
CN205384286U (en) * 2016-03-07 2016-07-13 内蒙古师范大学 A anemoscope support that is used for small -size nearly earth's surface anemometer tower's adjustable length

Patent Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
AU685008B2 (en) * 1994-11-11 1998-01-08 Environdata Australia Pty Ltd Weather station
CN103163322A (en) * 2013-02-06 2013-06-19 浙江贝良风能电子科技有限公司 Anti-freeze wind detecting sensor
CN104155472A (en) * 2014-07-18 2014-11-19 苏州能斯达电子科技有限公司 Hot-film wind speed and wind direction sensor and preparation method thereof
CN205067511U (en) * 2015-09-07 2016-03-02 王东辉 Special resistive connection ice anemometry sensor heating system of anemometry equipment
CN205384286U (en) * 2016-03-07 2016-07-13 内蒙古师范大学 A anemoscope support that is used for small -size nearly earth's surface anemometer tower's adjustable length

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