CN106290972A - A kind of Anti-freezing anemoclinograph - Google Patents

A kind of Anti-freezing anemoclinograph Download PDF

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Publication number
CN106290972A
CN106290972A CN201610609912.8A CN201610609912A CN106290972A CN 106290972 A CN106290972 A CN 106290972A CN 201610609912 A CN201610609912 A CN 201610609912A CN 106290972 A CN106290972 A CN 106290972A
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
vane
anemoclinograph
freezing
accumulator
hydrargyrum
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Granted
Application number
CN201610609912.8A
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Chinese (zh)
Other versions
CN106290972B (en
Inventor
禹胜林
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Wuxi Nuist Weather Sensor Network Technology Co Ltd
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Wuxi Nuist Weather Sensor Network Technology Co Ltd
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
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Application filed by Wuxi Nuist Weather Sensor Network Technology Co Ltd filed Critical Wuxi Nuist Weather Sensor Network Technology Co Ltd
Priority to CN201610609912.8A priority Critical patent/CN106290972B/en
Publication of CN106290972A publication Critical patent/CN106290972A/en
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Publication of CN106290972B publication Critical patent/CN106290972B/en
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Classifications

    • GPHYSICS
    • G01MEASURING; TESTING
    • G01PMEASURING LINEAR OR ANGULAR SPEED, ACCELERATION, DECELERATION, OR SHOCK; INDICATING PRESENCE, ABSENCE, OR DIRECTION, OF MOVEMENT
    • G01P5/00Measuring speed of fluids, e.g. of air stream; Measuring speed of bodies relative to fluids, e.g. of ship, of aircraft
    • G01P5/02Measuring speed of fluids, e.g. of air stream; Measuring speed of bodies relative to fluids, e.g. of ship, of aircraft by measuring forces exerted by the fluid on solid bodies, e.g. anemometer
    • G01P5/06Measuring speed of fluids, e.g. of air stream; Measuring speed of bodies relative to fluids, e.g. of ship, of aircraft by measuring forces exerted by the fluid on solid bodies, e.g. anemometer using rotation of vanes
    • GPHYSICS
    • G01MEASURING; TESTING
    • G01PMEASURING LINEAR OR ANGULAR SPEED, ACCELERATION, DECELERATION, OR SHOCK; INDICATING PRESENCE, ABSENCE, OR DIRECTION, OF MOVEMENT
    • G01P1/00Details of instruments
    • GPHYSICS
    • G01MEASURING; TESTING
    • G01PMEASURING LINEAR OR ANGULAR SPEED, ACCELERATION, DECELERATION, OR SHOCK; INDICATING PRESENCE, ABSENCE, OR DIRECTION, OF MOVEMENT
    • G01P13/00Indicating or recording presence, absence, or direction, of movement
    • G01P13/0006Indicating or recording presence, absence, or direction, of movement of fluids or of granulous or powder-like substances
    • G01P13/004Indicating or recording presence, absence, or direction, of movement of fluids or of granulous or powder-like substances by using the rotation of vanes
    • GPHYSICS
    • G01MEASURING; TESTING
    • G01PMEASURING LINEAR OR ANGULAR SPEED, ACCELERATION, DECELERATION, OR SHOCK; INDICATING PRESENCE, ABSENCE, OR DIRECTION, OF MOVEMENT
    • G01P13/00Indicating or recording presence, absence, or direction, of movement
    • G01P13/02Indicating direction only, e.g. by weather vane

Abstract

The invention belongs to wind transducer field, be specially a kind of Anti-freezing anemoclinograph, including vane;Described vane includes that outer layer, middle level and internal layer, described outer layer are flexible solar battery;Middle level includes the accumulator being connected to flexible solar battery;Internal layer is vane body;One electrode of described accumulator contacts connection with vane body in conductive mode, and another electrode is connected to vane body by mercury column;Described mercury column steeps with hydrargyrum in the side being positioned at accumulator;Described heat-insulation layer includes foamed polyurethane and terpene resin, and wherein polyurethane foam is 3:1 with the weight ratio of terpene resin.It can prevent the frosty weather impact on wind speed and direction, it is possible to is applied to the ice and snow weather of various places, its simple in construction, can be automatically obtained the heating to vane according to ambient temperature, and anti-ice is frozen effective, easy to maintenance.

Description

A kind of Anti-freezing anemoclinograph
Technical field
The invention belongs to wind transducer field, be specially a kind of Anti-freezing anemoclinograph.
Background technology
Anemobiagraph and anemoscope are the common equipments of weather monitoring.At present, the anemoclinograph being applied to north of china in winter is general Store-through causes the phenomenon of anemoclinograph cisco unity malfunction in icing.
Striving this problem, Chinese patent CN202502108U discloses " a kind of antifreeze anemobiagraph ", it include wind direction cup, Wind wing pole, pole base portion, bearing, dead axle, the left end of wind wing pole is provided with wind direction cup, and the right-hand member of wind wing pole is provided with pole base Portion, pole base portion is connected with the bearing on dead axle, also includes controller, temperature sensor, conduction brush, conducting ring, spring, resistance Silk, the outfan of temperature sensor measuring ambient temperature is connected with the input of controller, controller, conducting ring, conduction Brush, resistance wire are sequentially connected in series.The present invention utilizes temperature sensor to detect outdoor environment temperature, when ambient temperature is equal to or less than setting During a certain temperature put, controller internal relay turns on, and resistance wire works, and will be attached to ice and snow on wind direction cup and dissolves, it is ensured that Anemobiagraph normally works.
Also having Chinese patent CN204241499U " integrated anemoclinograph ", including oval-shaped shell, housing is by upper casing Body and lower house two part connect and compose, and the longitudinal center direction of upper shell is provided with rotating weathercock axle, the top of weathercock axle Up extending upper shell, and be provided with weathercock on its top, the bottom of weathercock axle is provided with weathercock rotating disk, weathercock disc surfaces Offer the loophole penetrating weathercock rotating disk, loophole be fixedly arranged above the first photoelectric sensor, the first photoelectric sensor is even Being connected to control chip, control chip for being converted to the data of wind speed and direction, in the longitudinal direction of lower house by the signal of telecommunication of acceptance Heart direction is provided with rotating vane axle, and lower house is down extended in the bottom of vane axle, and is provided with vane, wind in its bottom The top of cup axle is provided with vane rotating disk, and vane disc surfaces offers the guide-lighting groove extending on circumference, and under vane rotating disk Side is provided with the light source upwards irradiated, and the periphery at vane rotating disk is provided with second photoelectric transfer being arranged on lower house medial surface Sensor, this second photoelectric sensor electrically connects with control chip, is provided with the heater jointly rotated with vane on vane, and The alternating magnetic field generating means being fixed on lower house for producing alternating magnetic field, Yi Jiyu it is additionally provided with in the inner side of this heater The high-frequency circuit that this alternating magnetic field generating means is connected and provides high frequency electric for it, described alternating magnetic field generating means is by interior Portion is provided with the disc skeleton of bearing, is distributed in this disc skeleton periphery and is embedded within the magnetic conduction of more than of portion Bar, and be wrapped on this disc skeleton sidewall coil composition, this bearing is tightly placed on lower house, coil then with high-frequency electrical Road is connected, and it is to have employed magnetic induction mode of heating to heat anemoclinograph.But its structure is complicated, once sends out Raw fault, then be difficult to maintenance.And currently without being applicable to the easy anemoclinograph of freezing weather.
Summary of the invention
In order to solve above-mentioned technical problem, the present invention provides a kind of Anti-freezing anemoclinograph, and it can prevent frosty weather Impact on wind speed and direction, it is possible to being applied to the ice and snow weather of various places, its simple in construction, it is right to be automatically obtained according to ambient temperature The heating of vane, and anti-ice freezes effective, easy to maintenance.
In order to realize above-mentioned technical purpose, the concrete technical scheme that the present invention takes is, a kind of Anti-freezing wind speed and direction Instrument, including vane and for supporting the bracing frame of vane;Described vane includes that outer layer, middle level and internal layer, described outer layer are soft Property solaode;Middle level includes the accumulator being connected to flexible solar battery;Internal layer is vane body;Described vane body is electricity Heating material is prepared from;One electrode of described accumulator contacts connection with vane body in conductive mode, and another electrode leads to Cross mercury column and be connected to vane body, and accumulator connects an electrode of mercury column, mercury column and vane body and is collectively forming close The vacuum space closed;Described mercury column steeps with hydrargyrum in the side being positioned at vane body;Described hydrargyrum bubble is wrapped with heat-insulation layer, The temperature of heat-insulation layer ensures the hydrargyrum generation thermal expansion in mercury column, and occurs the hydrargyrum of thermal expansion can contact accumulator simultaneously With vane body, and accumulator and vane body, vane body is made to form circuit cycles;Described heat-insulation layer includes foamed polyurethane and terpene Olefine resin, wherein polyurethane foam is 3:1 with the weight ratio of terpene resin.
The technical scheme improved as the present invention, described electric heating material includes each material of following weight portion:
Hydrargyrum 3-5 part
Mica sheet 5-9 part
Aluminium powder 15-25 part
Zinc powder 5-8 part
Expanded graphite 2-6 part.
As the present invention improve technical scheme, support frame as described above base include connecting portion and several be installed on connection The longitudinal direction of bottom, portion plugs in pricker.
The technical scheme improved as the present invention, described longitudinal direction plugs in pricker, and to be provided with several in the one end away from connecting portion horizontal Prevention pricker.
The technical scheme improved as the present invention, also includes rain-proof shed, the described rain-proof shed top being installed on vane.
The technical scheme improved as the present invention, described heat-insulation layer is foamed polyurethane to be crushed to 30um-50um, by terpene Olefine resin is heated to melting, and is directly coated on outside hydrargyrum bubble, is coated with after being mixed homogeneously with foamed polyurethane by melted terpene resin The thickness covered is 50-60um.
Beneficial effect
Detailed description of the invention
Purpose and technical scheme for making the embodiment of the present invention are clearer, attached below in conjunction with the embodiment of the present invention Figure, is clearly and completely described the technical scheme of the embodiment of the present invention.Obviously, described embodiment is the present invention A part of embodiment rather than whole embodiments.Based on described embodiments of the invention, those of ordinary skill in the art The every other embodiment obtained on the premise of without creative work, broadly falls into the scope of protection of the invention.
Those skilled in the art of the present technique are appreciated that unless otherwise defined, and all terms used herein (include technology art Language and scientific terminology) have with the those of ordinary skill in art of the present invention be commonly understood by identical meaning.Also should Being understood by, those terms defined in such as general dictionary should be understood that the meaning having with the context of prior art The meaning that justice is consistent, and unless defined as here, will not explain by idealization or the most formal implication.
The implication of heretofore described " inside and outside " refers to relative to equipment itself, the side within sensing equipment To for interior, otherwise it is outward, rather than the specific restriction to assembly of the invention mechanism.
The implication of heretofore described " connection " can be being directly connected between parts can also be to pass through between parts Being indirectly connected with of other parts.
Accompanying drawing explanation
A kind of overall schematic of the Anti-freezing anemoclinograph of Fig. 1 present invention;
A kind of structural representation of the vane of the Anti-freezing anemoclinograph of Fig. 2 present invention;
In figure: 1, vane;2, bracing frame;11, internal layer;12, middle level;13, outer layer;14, mercury column.
Detailed description of the invention
Purpose and technical scheme for making the embodiment of the present invention are clearer, attached below in conjunction with the embodiment of the present invention Figure, is clearly and completely described the technical scheme of the embodiment of the present invention.Obviously, described embodiment is the present invention A part of embodiment rather than whole embodiments.Based on described embodiments of the invention, those of ordinary skill in the art The every other embodiment obtained on the premise of without creative work, broadly falls into the scope of protection of the invention.
Those skilled in the art of the present technique are appreciated that unless otherwise defined, and all terms used herein (include technology Term and scientific terminology) have with the those of ordinary skill in art of the present invention be commonly understood by identical meaning.Also should It should be appreciated that, those terms defined in such as general dictionary should be understood that have with in the context of prior art The meaning that meaning is consistent, and unless defined as here, will not explain by idealization or the most formal implication.
The implication of heretofore described " inside and outside " refers to relative to equipment itself, the side within sensing equipment To for interior, otherwise it is outward, rather than the specific restriction to assembly of the invention mechanism.
The implication of heretofore described " connection " can be being directly connected between parts can also be to pass through between parts Being indirectly connected with of other parts.
Embodiment
A kind of Anti-freezing anemoclinograph as shown in accompanying drawing 1-2, including vane 1 and for supporting the support of vane 1 Frame 2;Described vane 1 includes outer layer 13, middle level 12 and internal layer 11, and described outer layer 13 is flexible solar battery;Middle level 12 includes It is connected to the accumulator of flexible solar battery;Internal layer 11 is vane 1 body;Described vane 1 body is that electric heating material is prepared from; One electrode of described accumulator contacts connection with vane 1 body in conductive mode, and another electrode is connected to by mercury column 14 Vane 1 body, and accumulator connects an electrode of mercury column 14, mercury column 14 and vane 1 body are collectively forming airtight vacuum Space;Described mercury column 14 steeps with hydrargyrum in the side being positioned at vane 1 body;Described hydrargyrum bubble is wrapped with heat-insulation layer, insulation The temperature of layer ensures the hydrargyrum generation thermal expansion in mercury column 14, and occur the hydrargyrum of thermal expansion can contact simultaneously accumulator with Vane 1 body, and make accumulator form circuit cycles with vane 1 body, vane 1 body;Described heat-insulation layer include foamed polyurethane with Terpene resin, wherein polyurethane foam is 3:1 with the weight ratio of terpene resin;Described heat-insulation layer is to be crushed to by foamed polyurethane 30um-50um, is heated to melting by terpene resin, directly coats after being mixed homogeneously with foamed polyurethane by melted terpene resin Outside hydrargyrum steeps, the thickness of coating is 50-60um.
Described electric heating material includes each material of following weight portion:
Hydrargyrum 3-5 part
Mica sheet 5-9 part
Aluminium powder 15-25 part
Zinc powder 5-8 part
Expanded graphite 2-6 part.
After electric heating material is implemented, performance synopsis is as shown in table 1,
Table 1 electric heating material presses the performance test table after different ratio is implemented
In order to increase stability, prevent strong wind from leaving anemoclinograph, if support frame as described above 2 base include connecting portion and Dry the longitudinal direction being installed on connecting portion bottom plugs in pricker;Described longitudinal direction plugs in pricker, and to be provided with several in the one end away from connecting portion horizontal Stop pricker.
Also include rain-proof shed, the described rain-proof shed top being installed on vane 1.
These are only embodiments of the present invention, it describes more concrete and in detail, but can not therefore and be interpreted as right The restriction of the scope of the claims of the present invention.It should be pointed out that, for the person of ordinary skill of the art, without departing from this On the premise of bright design, it is also possible to make some deformation and improvement, these belong to protection scope of the present invention.

Claims (6)

1. an Anti-freezing anemoclinograph, it is characterised in that include vane and for supporting the bracing frame of vane;Described wind Cup includes that outer layer, middle level and internal layer, described outer layer are flexible solar battery;Middle level includes being connected to flexible solar battery Accumulator;Internal layer is vane body;Described vane body is that electric heating material is prepared from;One electrode of described accumulator and vane body Contacting connection in conductive mode, another electrode is connected to vane body by mercury column, and accumulator connects mercury column One electrode, mercury column and vane body are collectively forming airtight vacuum space;Described mercury column is being positioned at the side band of vane body Hydrargyrum is had to steep;Described hydrargyrum bubble is wrapped with heat-insulation layer, and the temperature of heat-insulation layer ensures the hydrargyrum generation thermal expansion in mercury column, and And occur the hydrargyrum of thermal expansion can contact accumulator and vane body, and make accumulator and vane body, vane body form electricity simultaneously Road is circulated;Described heat-insulation layer includes foamed polyurethane and terpene resin, and wherein polyurethane foam with the weight ratio of terpene resin is 3:1。
A kind of Anti-freezing anemoclinograph the most according to claim 1, it is characterised in that described electric heating material include as Each material of lower weight portion:
Hydrargyrum 3-5 part
Mica sheet 5-9 part
Aluminium powder 15-25 part
Zinc powder 5-8 part
Expanded graphite 2-6 part.
A kind of Anti-freezing anemoclinograph the most according to claim 1, it is characterised in that support frame as described above base includes even Meet portion and several longitudinal directions being installed on connecting portion bottom plug in pricker.
A kind of Anti-freezing anemoclinograph the most according to claim 1, it is characterised in that described longitudinal direction plugs in pricker away from even The one end meeting portion is provided with several horizontal prevention prickers.
A kind of Anti-freezing anemoclinograph the most according to claim 1, it is characterised in that also include rain-proof shed, described gear Awning is installed on the top of vane.
A kind of Anti-freezing anemoclinograph the most according to claim 1, it is characterised in that described heat-insulation layer is to be gathered by foam Urethane is crushed to 30um-50um, is heated to melting by terpene resin, is mixed homogeneously with foamed polyurethane by melted terpene resin The most directly being coated on outside hydrargyrum bubble, the thickness of coating is 50-60um.
CN201610609912.8A 2016-07-28 2016-07-28 A kind of Anti-freezing anemoclinograph Active CN106290972B (en)

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CN201610609912.8A CN106290972B (en) 2016-07-28 2016-07-28 A kind of Anti-freezing anemoclinograph

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
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CN106290972A true CN106290972A (en) 2017-01-04
CN106290972B CN106290972B (en) 2019-02-19

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Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
AU685008B2 (en) * 1994-11-11 1998-01-08 Environdata Australia Pty Ltd Weather station
CN103163322A (en) * 2013-02-06 2013-06-19 浙江贝良风能电子科技有限公司 Anti-freeze wind detecting sensor
CN104155472A (en) * 2014-07-18 2014-11-19 苏州能斯达电子科技有限公司 Hot-film wind speed and wind direction sensor and preparation method thereof
CN205067511U (en) * 2015-09-07 2016-03-02 王东辉 Special resistive connection ice anemometry sensor heating system of anemometry equipment
CN205384286U (en) * 2016-03-07 2016-07-13 内蒙古师范大学 A anemoscope support that is used for small -size nearly earth's surface anemometer tower's adjustable length

Patent Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
AU685008B2 (en) * 1994-11-11 1998-01-08 Environdata Australia Pty Ltd Weather station
CN103163322A (en) * 2013-02-06 2013-06-19 浙江贝良风能电子科技有限公司 Anti-freeze wind detecting sensor
CN104155472A (en) * 2014-07-18 2014-11-19 苏州能斯达电子科技有限公司 Hot-film wind speed and wind direction sensor and preparation method thereof
CN205067511U (en) * 2015-09-07 2016-03-02 王东辉 Special resistive connection ice anemometry sensor heating system of anemometry equipment
CN205384286U (en) * 2016-03-07 2016-07-13 内蒙古师范大学 A anemoscope support that is used for small -size nearly earth's surface anemometer tower's adjustable length

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