CN106290773A - A kind of centralized cultivation water detection method - Google Patents

A kind of centralized cultivation water detection method Download PDF

Info

Publication number
CN106290773A
CN106290773A CN201610959348.2A CN201610959348A CN106290773A CN 106290773 A CN106290773 A CN 106290773A CN 201610959348 A CN201610959348 A CN 201610959348A CN 106290773 A CN106290773 A CN 106290773A
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
water
detection
water quality
sensor
electromagnetic valve
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Granted
Application number
CN201610959348.2A
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Other versions
CN106290773B (en
Inventor
林营志
陈敏
刘现
蔡淑芳
刘善文
黄惠珍
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Scientific Technical Personnel Training Center Fujian Academy Of Agricultural Sciences
Original Assignee
Scientific Technical Personnel Training Center Fujian Academy Of Agricultural Sciences
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Scientific Technical Personnel Training Center Fujian Academy Of Agricultural Sciences filed Critical Scientific Technical Personnel Training Center Fujian Academy Of Agricultural Sciences
Priority to CN201610959348.2A priority Critical patent/CN106290773B/en
Publication of CN106290773A publication Critical patent/CN106290773A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN106290773B publication Critical patent/CN106290773B/en
Active legal-status Critical Current
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical

Links

Classifications

    • GPHYSICS
    • G01MEASURING; TESTING
    • G01NINVESTIGATING OR ANALYSING MATERIALS BY DETERMINING THEIR CHEMICAL OR PHYSICAL PROPERTIES
    • G01N33/00Investigating or analysing materials by specific methods not covered by groups G01N1/00 - G01N31/00
    • G01N33/18Water
    • GPHYSICS
    • G01MEASURING; TESTING
    • G01NINVESTIGATING OR ANALYSING MATERIALS BY DETERMINING THEIR CHEMICAL OR PHYSICAL PROPERTIES
    • G01N35/00Automatic analysis not limited to methods or materials provided for in any single one of groups G01N1/00 - G01N33/00; Handling materials therefor
    • G01N35/00584Control arrangements for automatic analysers
    • G01N35/00722Communications; Identification
    • G01N35/00871Communications between instruments or with remote terminals

Abstract

The present invention provides a kind of centralized cultivation water detection method, it comprises the following steps: step S1: provide a multichannel water quality monitor, described multichannel water quality monitor to include controller and the channel selecting electromagnetic valve being connected with described controller, clear water scouring electromagnetic valve, packet flushing selection electromagnetic valve, detection of packets electromagnetic valve, self priming pump, water quality detection sensor;Step S2: arrange test point at each culturing pool, is provided with sample lines on test point, and use self priming pump is power, by sample lines, the water sample of test point is drawn into multichannel water quality testing meter and detects;Channel selecting electromagnetic valve carries out passage sorting;The water sample of selected passage carries out water quality detection;Wherein multichannel water quality testing meter water sample detection process includes the flushing of sensor clear water, pre-water sampling, detection, the recoil of sensor clear water.Vacuum of the present invention is drawn water, automatic sampling, Centralizing inspection, monitoring project integration on demand;Automatic clearing apparatus is set, refuses cross-contamination.

Description

A kind of centralized cultivation water detection method
Technical field
The invention belongs to water quality detection, be specifically related to a kind of centralized cultivation water detection method.
Background technology
Culture-pool water quality manages, and is directly connected to yield and the benefit of cultured fishes.Measurement culture-pool water quality quality Refer mainly to indicate: pond water temperature, acid-base value (pH value), oxygen dissolving value, ammonia-nitrogen content, electrical conductivity and transparency.For ensureing Aquatic product The yield of cultivation and benefit, it is therefore desirable to culturing pool water quality is detected in real time.
In pond, acid-base value (pH value), ammonia-nitrogen content, electrical conductivity and transparency are the most more stable, therefore have only to carry out Centralizing inspection.
Summary of the invention
It is an object of the invention to provide a kind of centralized cultivation water detection method, by this detection method in culturing pool Acid-base value (pH value), ammonia-nitrogen content and electrical conductivity detect in real time.
For achieving the above object, the present invention is by the following technical solutions: a kind of centralized cultivation water detection method, it is special Levy and be, comprise the following steps: step S1: provide a multichannel water quality monitor, described multichannel water quality monitor to include control Device processed and the channel selecting electromagnetic valve being connected with described controller, clear water scouring electromagnetic valve, packet flushing selection electromagnetic valve, packet Detection electromagnetic valve, self priming pump, water quality detection sensor;Step S2: arrange test point at each culturing pool, pacifies on test point Equipped with sample lines, use self priming pump is power, and by sample lines, the water sample of test point is drawn into Multi-channel water quality detection Instrument detects;Channel selecting electromagnetic valve carries out passage sorting;The water sample of selected passage carries out water quality detection;Wherein manifold Road water quality testing meter water sample detection process includes the flushing of sensor clear water, pre-water sampling, detection, the recoil of sensor clear water.
Further, described pre-water intaking comprises the following steps: get rid of pipeline hydrops in advance, to measure new from test point Fresh water sample;The pre-water intaking duration of different test points there are differences, and each passage is done personalized setting by described controller, the most right The water quality parameter of passage sets tolerance band.
Further, multiple passages of multichannel water quality testing meter are grouped, the most only select of a group Passage enters detection-phase, and remaining group was all in the pre-water intaking stage, after completing one-time detection, then selects one and completes pre- The passage of water intaking process enters detection-phase.
Further, described multichannel water quality testing meter also includes a vacuum pressure sensor being connected with controller, institute State vacuum pressure sensor to install in sample lines for detecting sample lines operating mode.
Further, described multichannel water quality testing meter also includes the temperature sensor being connected with controller, described temperature Sensor is used for detecting self priming pump housing and motor temperature.
Further, described water quality detection sensor includes acidity-basicity sensor, conductivity sensor and ammonia nitrogen sensor.
Further, described multichannel water quality testing meter also includes that one is connected display module, described display mould with controller Block is for the information of display sensor detection in real time.
Further, described multichannel water quality testing meter will will detect data access industrial local network by industrial bus.
Further, microhabitat detection platform extracts detection water quality data by DTU, and these data are stored in data, services Device, then these data of counting statistics, user or staff check current detection data and 24 hours trendgrams by PDA, works as inspection Survey data and receive alarm beyond user after monitoring index or staff.
Compared with prior art, the invention have the advantages that (1) vacuum draw water, automatic sampling, Centralizing inspection, monitoring Project integration on demand (pH, ec, salinity, ammonia nitrogen, nitrate, nitrite etc.);(2) program control each monitoring point, automatic detecting, can 20-80 monitoring point of monitoring simultaneously, monitoring cost declines to a great extent, and Centralizing inspection only needs 1 set main process equipment, especially sensor choosing Type can use high-quality valency high, is greatly improved monitoring accuracy and stability;(3) main frame arranges automatic clearing apparatus, uses purified water Cleaning the residual of last sampling, refusal cross-contamination and by mistake survey phenomenon occur.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is the system architecture diagram of one embodiment of the invention.
Fig. 2 is the remote data acquisition of one embodiment of the invention, storage and display system scheme schematic diagram.
Detailed description of the invention
With specific embodiment, the present invention is further explained explanation below in conjunction with the accompanying drawings.
A kind of centralized cultivation water detection method, it comprises the following steps: step S1: provide a multichannel water quality monitoring Instrument, described multichannel water quality monitor includes controller and the channel selecting electromagnetic valve being connected with described controller, clear water flushing Electromagnetic valve, packet rinse and select electromagnetic valve, detection of packets electromagnetic valve, self priming pump, water quality detection sensor;Step S2: at each Culturing pool arranges test point, is provided with sample lines on test point, and use self priming pump is power, is passed through by the water sample of test point Sample lines is drawn into multichannel water quality testing meter and detects;Channel selecting electromagnetic valve carries out passage sorting;Selected is logical The water sample in road carries out water quality detection;Wherein multichannel water quality testing meter water sample detection process includes that sensor clear water rinses, prefetches Water sample, detection, the recoil of sensor clear water.Multichannel water quality monitor structural representation sees Fig. 1.
Further, described pre-water intaking comprises the following steps: get rid of pipeline hydrops in advance, to measure new from test point Fresh water sample;The pre-water intaking duration of different test points there are differences, and each passage is done personalized setting by described controller, the most right The water quality parameter of passage sets tolerance band.
Further, multiple passages of multichannel water quality testing meter are grouped, the most only select of a group Passage enters detection-phase, and remaining group was all in the pre-water intaking stage, after completing one-time detection, then selects one and completes pre- The passage of water intaking process enters detection-phase.
Further, described multichannel water quality testing meter also includes a vacuum pressure sensor being connected with controller, institute State vacuum pressure sensor to install in sample lines for detecting sample lines operating mode.
Further, described multichannel water quality testing meter also includes the temperature sensor being connected with controller, described temperature Sensor is used for detecting self priming pump housing and motor temperature.
Further, described water quality detection sensor includes acidity-basicity sensor, conductivity sensor and ammonia nitrogen sensor.
Further, described multichannel water quality testing meter also includes that one is connected display module, described display mould with controller Block is for the information of display sensor detection in real time.
Further, described multichannel water quality testing meter will will detect data access industrial local network by industrial bus.
Further, microhabitat detection platform extracts detection water quality data by DTU, and these data are stored in data, services Device, then these data of counting statistics, user or staff check current detection data and 24 hours trendgrams by PDA, works as inspection Survey data and receive alarm beyond user after monitoring index or staff.Monitoring index is according to fish growth characteristic and supports Growing environmental requirement, balance quality, cost, degree easy to use and maintenance requirement select.
The water quality monitoring index of breeding water body is more, contains the depth of water, water temperature, water colour, turbidity, floating thing, dissolved oxygen rate, acid Basicity, electrical conductivity, oxidation-reduction potential, salinity, ammonia nitrogen, nitrate, chloride ion, COD, BOD and concentration of metal ions etc..? The design requirement of circulating water cultivation factory according to fishing small stream in the specific embodiment of the invention, have chosen part index number and monitoring side Method, establishes following monitoring scheme:
Select the depth of water, water temperature, dissolved oxygen, acid-base value, electrical conductivity, ammonia nitrogen, nitrate nitrogen, cultured water etc. as Testing index, by More slow in fishpond change of water quality, the monitoring cycle of most indexs can lengthen to a few hours, can use centralized monitoring system with Reduce sensor complexity.Water temperature, the depth of water and dissolved oxygen and cultivation have substantial connection, belong to call parameter, and cannot pass through pipeline Extraction is concentrated and is measured, and therefore uses in situ detection scheme, installs a set of sensor and data acquisition and transmission system in each fishpond System.This system combines water quality TT&C system and implements.Owing to the water quality such as acid-base value, electrical conductivity, ammonia nitrogen, nitrate nitrogen, cultured water refer to It is marked in vacuum sample and pipeline transport and will not change, therefore can use centralized detecting scheme, install one at total Control Room Set multichannel cluster sampling equipment.
The invention provides a multichannel Centralizing inspection instrument, be used for detecting EC, pH and ammonia nitrogen parameter, reserved nitrate and The mounting interface of the sensors such as nitrite.System uses vacuum water extracting scheme, uses one to possess stronger vacuum and produces ability Self priming pump be power, by the water sample of test point by pipeline be drawn into instrument end detect;Channel selecting uses vacuum-resistant electromagnetism Valve sorts;Detection process includes: the flushing of sensor clear water, pre-water intaking, detection, clear water recoil (optional);Design port number It is 30 tunnels, containing 24 mouthfuls of marketable fish pouds, 4 water treating ponds, and two standby parent fish pond detections.
Pre-water intaking is the important step of multichannel water intaking, by this operation purging line hydrops in advance, to measure self-inspection The fresh water sample of measuring point.For determining pre-water intaking duration, determine the flow velocity that draws water, result display short distance (10 by preliminary experiment Rice) flow velocity of pipeline is about 1.1 L/min, and the flow velocity of distance (95 meters) pipeline slightly reduces, about 0.8 L/min, warp After conversion, the former pre-water intaking time should be greater than 27.4 seconds, and the duration of the latter is then no less than 358.1 seconds.Different monitoring points pre- Water intaking duration is widely different, needs the most in systems each passage does personalized setting, sets the water quality parameter of passage simultaneously Determine tolerance band.
Under multi-way detecting mode, needing each test point of Polling, the detection cycle of the most each test point can be bright Aobvious prolongation, can cause detection frequency too low when test point is more.If each water intaking detection procedural order performs, rush according to clear water Washing 10 seconds, equal 193 seconds of the level that prefetches, detect 60 seconds, do not recoil, detection needs the used time 263 seconds every time, and 30 test points complete one Wheel measurement needs 2.2 hours, and the average utilization of sensor only has 23%.
For improving utilization rate of equipment and installations, we are by each step parallel execution of detection process.30 test points are divided by we Become 6 groups, often 5 test points of group.In system is run, a passage of a group is the most only selected to enter detection-phase, remaining Group was all in the pre-water intaking stage, after completing one-time detection, then selected a passage entrance inspection completing pre-water intaking process The survey stage.By which, sensor can alternately enter clear water and rinse and detection-phase, and utilization rate improves to 85%.The present invention Multichannel centralized detecting instrument system structural representation see Fig. 1.
Detection water quality data can be extracted based on microhabitat detection platform, be stored in data server, counting statistics data. Its system structure is shown in Fig. 2.Being achieved remote data acquisition by this system, store and shown function, user can pass through PC, mobile phone Deng reading field data.User is pointed out by alarm song after data over run.
Can set up a robot control system(RCS) in conjunction with the water quality detection method of the present invention in a particular application, management and control cultivates each stage Equipment, with Optimal culture environment, reduces labor intensity;Set up intelligent analysis system, according to growth stage and capacity adjustment Equipment running status, improves equipment operating efficiency, to reduce equipment energy consumption, reduces material input amount.
The foregoing is only presently preferred embodiments of the present invention, all impartial changes done according to scope of the present invention patent with Modify, all should belong to the covering scope of the present invention.

Claims (9)

1. a centralized cultivation water detection method, it is characterised in that comprise the following steps:
Step S1: provide a multichannel water quality monitor, described multichannel water quality monitor include controller and with described control The channel selecting electromagnetic valve of device connection, clear water scouring electromagnetic valve, packet are rinsed and are selected electromagnetic valve, detection of packets electromagnetic valve, self-priming Pump, water quality detection sensor;
Step S2: arrange test point at each culturing pool, is provided with sample lines on test point, and use self priming pump is power, By sample lines, the water sample of test point is drawn into multichannel water quality testing meter detect;Channel selecting electromagnetic valve leads to Road sorts;The water sample of selected passage carries out water quality detection;
Wherein multichannel water quality testing meter water sample detection process includes that the flushing of sensor clear water, pre-water sampling, detection, sensor are clear Water recoils.
Centralized cultivation water detection method the most according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: described pre-water intaking includes following Step: get rid of pipeline hydrops in advance, to measure the fresh water sample from test point;It is poor that the pre-water intaking duration of different test points exists Different, each passage is done personalized setting by described controller, the water quality parameter of passage is set tolerance band simultaneously.
Centralized cultivation water detection method the most according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: by multichannel water quality testing meter Multiple passages be grouped, select a passage of a group to enter detection-phase every time only, remaining group is all in pre-water intaking In stage, after completing one-time detection, then select a passage entrance detection-phase completing pre-water intaking process.
Centralized cultivation water detection method the most according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: described Multi-channel water quality detection Instrument also includes a vacuum pressure sensor being connected with controller, and described vacuum pressure sensor is installed and is used for examining in sample lines Survey sample lines operating mode.
Centralized cultivation water detection method the most according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: described Multi-channel water quality detection Instrument also includes the temperature sensor being connected with controller, and described temperature sensor is used for detecting self priming pump housing and motor temperature.
Centralized cultivation water detection method the most according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: described water quality detection sensor Including acidity-basicity sensor, conductivity sensor, ammonia nitrogen sensor and other water quality sensors.
7. according to the arbitrary described centralized cultivation water detection method of claim 1-6, it is characterised in that: described Multi-channel water Quality detection instrument also includes that one is connected display module with controller, and described display module is for the letter of display sensor detection in real time Breath.
Centralized cultivation water detection method the most according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: described Multi-channel water quality detection Instrument will will detect data access industrial local network by industrial bus.
Centralized cultivation water detection method the most according to claim 8, it is characterised in that: microhabitat detection platform is passed through DTU extracts detection water quality data, and these data are stored in data server, then these data of counting statistics, user or staff Current detection data and 24 hours trendgrams are checked, user or staff after detection data are beyond monitoring index by PDA Receive alarm.
CN201610959348.2A 2016-11-04 2016-11-04 A kind of centralization cultivation water detection method Active CN106290773B (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201610959348.2A CN106290773B (en) 2016-11-04 2016-11-04 A kind of centralization cultivation water detection method

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201610959348.2A CN106290773B (en) 2016-11-04 2016-11-04 A kind of centralization cultivation water detection method

Publications (2)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN106290773A true CN106290773A (en) 2017-01-04
CN106290773B CN106290773B (en) 2018-07-27

Family

ID=57720248

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201610959348.2A Active CN106290773B (en) 2016-11-04 2016-11-04 A kind of centralization cultivation water detection method

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN106290773B (en)

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106643910A (en) * 2017-02-06 2017-05-10 天津农学院 Multi-point water quality monitoring and sensor cleaning and maintenance device for aquaculture
CN109580290A (en) * 2017-09-28 2019-04-05 江苏商达水务有限公司 A kind of agricultural irrigation river water quality automatic monitored control system and method

Citations (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JP2863061B2 (en) * 1993-06-22 1999-03-03 シャープ株式会社 Water quality monitoring device and water quality monitoring method
CN203772314U (en) * 2014-03-27 2014-08-13 中国水产科学研究院淡水渔业研究中心 Automatic online monitoring system for multiple parameters of fishery indoor culturing water quality
CN105223328A (en) * 2015-10-28 2016-01-06 常州市金坛区水产技术指导站 The synchronous water supply installation of a kind of culture of Chinese mitten crab water quality key chemical Indexs measure
CN105222834A (en) * 2015-10-28 2016-01-06 常州市金坛区水产技术指导站 A kind of culture of Chinese mitten crab water-quality guideline internet on-line monitoring, process managing and control system
CN105240572A (en) * 2015-11-20 2016-01-13 广东伟创科技开发有限公司 Multichannel switching control valve
JP2016161342A (en) * 2015-02-27 2016-09-05 共冷工業株式会社 Water quality detection device
CN105973645A (en) * 2016-06-20 2016-09-28 南京信息工程大学 Sampling device applied to unmanned water quality pollution detection ship

Patent Citations (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JP2863061B2 (en) * 1993-06-22 1999-03-03 シャープ株式会社 Water quality monitoring device and water quality monitoring method
CN203772314U (en) * 2014-03-27 2014-08-13 中国水产科学研究院淡水渔业研究中心 Automatic online monitoring system for multiple parameters of fishery indoor culturing water quality
JP2016161342A (en) * 2015-02-27 2016-09-05 共冷工業株式会社 Water quality detection device
CN105223328A (en) * 2015-10-28 2016-01-06 常州市金坛区水产技术指导站 The synchronous water supply installation of a kind of culture of Chinese mitten crab water quality key chemical Indexs measure
CN105222834A (en) * 2015-10-28 2016-01-06 常州市金坛区水产技术指导站 A kind of culture of Chinese mitten crab water-quality guideline internet on-line monitoring, process managing and control system
CN105240572A (en) * 2015-11-20 2016-01-13 广东伟创科技开发有限公司 Multichannel switching control valve
CN105973645A (en) * 2016-06-20 2016-09-28 南京信息工程大学 Sampling device applied to unmanned water quality pollution detection ship

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106643910A (en) * 2017-02-06 2017-05-10 天津农学院 Multi-point water quality monitoring and sensor cleaning and maintenance device for aquaculture
CN109580290A (en) * 2017-09-28 2019-04-05 江苏商达水务有限公司 A kind of agricultural irrigation river water quality automatic monitored control system and method

Also Published As

Publication number Publication date
CN106290773B (en) 2018-07-27

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
CN202748370U (en) Automatic sampling and analysis system for water
CN102375068B (en) Full-automatic nutrient salt analyzer and analysis method thereof
CN106290773A (en) A kind of centralized cultivation water detection method
CN201917815U (en) On-line automatic water quality monitoring device for circulating water cultivation
CN101424678A (en) Water quality mutation biology behavioral indicator monitoring system and monitoring method
CN106818581A (en) A kind of many breed in stew intelligence control systems
CN103105840A (en) Monitoring system and method of Internet of Things water for aquaculture
CN208283385U (en) Underwater detecting robot for culture fishery
CN102124964A (en) Intelligent management system for mariculture
CN103336045A (en) Device for on-line detection and automatic alarm of toxic substances and detection method of toxic substances
CN203772314U (en) Automatic online monitoring system for multiple parameters of fishery indoor culturing water quality
CN208588728U (en) A kind of water conservancy water quality monitoring and remote supervisory equipment
CN205382057U (en) Sewage treatment plant intelligence monitoring device
CN102654496A (en) Real-time monitoring device and method of dissolved oxygen in culturing pond water body
CN105911109A (en) Method for online measurement of dissolved oxygen in water, and apparatus thereof
CN109060016A (en) Fish, shrimp aquatic products ecologic breeding intelligent measurement management equipment
CN201311417Y (en) Biological behavior index monitoring system of water quality abrupt change
CN205120160U (en) Culture of chinese mitten crab water quality index internet on -line monitoring , processing management and control system
CN205079976U (en) Marine environment on -line monitoring stratified sampling system containing water pump and multi -ported valve
CN106980002A (en) A kind of sampling pool water quality harvester
CN105222834A (en) A kind of culture of Chinese mitten crab water-quality guideline internet on-line monitoring, process managing and control system
CN207457079U (en) A kind of nutritive salt in-situ analyzer
CN208283117U (en) A kind of automatic sampling analysis system of red tide plankton
CN207300895U (en) The detecting system of underwater trace chromium
CN201765236U (en) Full-automatic nutritive salt analyzer

Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
C06 Publication
PB01 Publication
C10 Entry into substantive examination
SE01 Entry into force of request for substantive examination
GR01 Patent grant
GR01 Patent grant