CN106287123B - Walking beam cooler fixed frame installs leveling method - Google Patents

Walking beam cooler fixed frame installs leveling method Download PDF

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Publication number
CN106287123B
CN106287123B CN201610633667.4A CN201610633667A CN106287123B CN 106287123 B CN106287123 B CN 106287123B CN 201610633667 A CN201610633667 A CN 201610633667A CN 106287123 B CN106287123 B CN 106287123B
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China
Prior art keywords
bearing
arm item
cushion block
arm
fixed frame
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CN201610633667.4A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN106287123A (en
Inventor
王洪彦
冯元中
吴荣善
魏相亮
吴雾帆
尹志红
张真春
鲁晓欣
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Pangang Group Engineering Technology Co Ltd
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Pangang Group Engineering Technology Co Ltd
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Priority to CN201610633667.4A priority Critical patent/CN106287123B/en
Publication of CN106287123A publication Critical patent/CN106287123A/en
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Classifications

    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F16ENGINEERING ELEMENTS AND UNITS; GENERAL MEASURES FOR PRODUCING AND MAINTAINING EFFECTIVE FUNCTIONING OF MACHINES OR INSTALLATIONS; THERMAL INSULATION IN GENERAL
    • F16MFRAMES, CASINGS OR BEDS OF ENGINES, MACHINES OR APPARATUS, NOT SPECIFIC TO ENGINES, MACHINES OR APPARATUS PROVIDED FOR ELSEWHERE; STANDS; SUPPORTS
    • F16M9/00Special layout of foundations with respect to machinery to be supported
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E02HYDRAULIC ENGINEERING; FOUNDATIONS; SOIL SHIFTING
    • E02DFOUNDATIONS; EXCAVATIONS; EMBANKMENTS; UNDERGROUND OR UNDERWATER STRUCTURES
    • E02D27/00Foundations as substructures
    • E02D27/32Foundations for special purposes
    • E02D27/44Foundations for machines, engines or ordnance
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F16ENGINEERING ELEMENTS AND UNITS; GENERAL MEASURES FOR PRODUCING AND MAINTAINING EFFECTIVE FUNCTIONING OF MACHINES OR INSTALLATIONS; THERMAL INSULATION IN GENERAL
    • F16MFRAMES, CASINGS OR BEDS OF ENGINES, MACHINES OR APPARATUS, NOT SPECIFIC TO ENGINES, MACHINES OR APPARATUS PROVIDED FOR ELSEWHERE; STANDS; SUPPORTS
    • F16M5/00Engine beds, i.e. means for supporting engines or machines on foundations

Abstract

The present invention relates to walking beam cooler fixed frames to install leveling method, including step:On the basis of being embedded with foundation bolt, altitude datum is found with theodolite, is made a mark on all foundation bolts according to the altitude datum, with the label on the chalk line connection foundation bolt stretched;According to the height of chalk line, bearing cushion block is set, and adjust pad is arranged between bearing and arm item seat in erection support, arm item seat;All bearings and the installation of arm item seat for completing one group of fixed frame, in all arm item seat tops installing arm item of this group of fixed frame;Step is repeated, until all installation is complete for the bearing, arm item seat and arm item of every group of fixed frame, with apparatus measures per the height of arms item, arm item is levelling, and all bearings fasten completely with foundation bolt.This installation method, early period ensure cushion block absolute altitude with chalk line, it is ensured that bearing installation accuracy, the later stage is only primary to the progress of arm item levelling, can reduce intermediate levelling link, significantly improve operating efficiency.

Description

Walking beam cooler fixed frame installs leveling method
Technical field
The present invention relates to the installation method of walking beam cooler, the particularly levelling side of the installation of walking beam cooler fixed frame Method.
Background technology
It includes more than ten a bearings of arrangement again that walking beam cooler, which usually has ten multigroup fixed frames, every group of fixed frame, Arm item seat is installed on each bearing, all arm item seats of one group of fixed frame support an arms item jointly.
When cold bed is installed, need to ensure that every arms item height is consistent, installation method is at present, first on the basis of be arranged Then bearing cushion block places bearing on bearing cushion block, be used in combination nut by bearing the pre-buried fastening foundation bolt on the basis of, according to The secondary all bearings installation for completing one group of fixed frame, then utilizes the height of apparatus measures upper surface of support, by adjusting branch Seat cushion block, one group of bearing is all levelling;Portion's setting adjusts cushion block, installing arm item seat on each pedestal successively again, uses instrument It is levelling to whole arm item seats;The then installing arm item on arm item seat, it is levelling to arm item with instrument again.Above-mentioned installation method needs Levelling three times altogether to bearing, arm item seat, arm item, bearing, the arm item seat having due to cold bed are large number of, and leveling procedures are adjusted repeatedly Whole, workload is very big.
Invention content
The technical problem to be solved by the present invention is to:A kind of walking beam cooler fixed frame installation leveling method, energy are provided Frame installation leveling procedures are simplified to fix, working hour is saved.
The technical solution adopted by the present invention to solve the technical problems is:
Walking beam cooler fixed frame installs leveling method, including the following steps that sequence carries out:
A, on the basis of being embedded with foundation bolt, altitude datum is found with theodolite, according to the altitude datum all It makes a mark on foundation bolt, with the label on the chalk line connection foundation bolt stretched;
B, bearing cushion block is arranged according to the height of chalk line in object of reference of the chalk line as absolute altitude, and the bearing cushion block is wedge Bearing is placed on bearing cushion block by shape, and the face for making bearing cushion block be contacted with bearing is concordant with chalk line, by bearing it is prefastened On foundation bolt, adjust pad is arranged in the installing arm item seat on bearing between bearing and arm item seat, the adjust pad is plate Shape;All bearings and the installation of arm item seat for completing one group of fixed frame according to the method described above, in all arms of this group of fixed frame Item seat top installing arm item;
C, it repeats step B or repeats A, step B, until the bearing, arm item seat and arm item of every group of fixed frame all install At, the height with apparatus measures per arms item, and make all arm tops height by increasing and decreasing adjust pad or fine tuning bearing cushion block Degree is consistent, and all bearings are fastened completely with foundation bolt.
Further, in the step B, according to the height of chalk line, bearing cushion block is set:It is four bearing cushion blocks of setting, And four bearing cushion blocks are laid out along criss-cross four angle points, the wedge-shaped low side of each bearing cushion block is towards cruciform central;
In the step C, before all bearings and foundation bolt fastening completely:Also in original four bearing cushion blocks gap In be reloaded into four bearing cushion blocks, total of eight bearing cushion block is uniformly distributed along the circumference, and the wedge-shaped low side direction of eight bearing cushion blocks Circular central.
The beneficial effects of the invention are as follows:Above-mentioned walking beam cooler fixed frame installs leveling method, using theodolite on ground Absolute altitude is indicated on foot bolt, is used the chalk line stretched as the datum line of absolute altitude, is placed bearing cushion block by object of reference of chalk line, protect It is concordant with chalk line to demonstrate,prove cushion block height, then erection support, holder top place adjustment cushion block, installing arm item seat, installing arm item, complete It is installed at all arm items, it is directly levelling to the measurement of arm item, bearing is fastened completely after the completion.In whole installation process, early period is used Chalk line ensures cushion block absolute altitude, it is ensured that bearing installation accuracy, the later stage is only primary to the progress of arm item levelling, can reduce intermediate levelling ring Section, significantly improves operating efficiency.
Description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is the schematic diagram when walking beam cooler fixed frame of the present invention installs levelling;
Reference numeral is in figure:Basis 1, foundation bolt 11, chalk line 12, bearing cushion block 13, bearing 2, adjust pad 21, arm Item seat 3, arm item 4.
Specific implementation mode
Present invention will be further explained below with reference to the attached drawings and examples:
Walking beam cooler fixed frame installs leveling method, including the following steps that sequence carries out:
A, on being embedded with the basis 1 of foundation bolt 11, altitude datum is found with theodolite, according to the altitude datum in institute Have and make a mark on foundation bolt 11, the label on foundation bolt 11 is connected with the chalk line 12 stretched;
B, object of reference of the chalk line 12 as absolute altitude, according to the height of chalk line 12, setting bearing cushion block 13, the bearing cushion block 13 be wedge shape, bearing 2 is placed on bearing cushion block 13, and keep the face that bearing cushion block 13 is contacted with bearing 2 concordant with chalk line 12, Bearing 2 is prefastened on foundation bolt 11, and adjusting pad is arranged between bearing 2 and arm item seat 3 in the installing arm item seat 3 on bearing 2 Piece 21, the adjust pad 21 are plate;All bearings 2 and the peace of arm item seat 3 of one group of fixed frame are completed according to the method described above Dress, in the 3 top installing arm item 4 of all arm item seats of this group of fixed frame;
C, it repeats step B or repeats A, step B, until the bearing 1, arm item seat 3 and arm item 4 of every group of fixed frame are all installed It completes, with apparatus measures per the height of arms item 4, and makes all arm items by increasing and decreasing adjust pad 21 or fine tuning bearing cushion block 13 4 upper heights are consistent, and all bearings 2 and foundation bolt 11 are fastened completely.
As shown in Figure 1:
This installation leveling method, the first reference line that an absolute altitude is made on basis 1 is using theodolite on basis 1 Pre-embedded anchoring bolts 11 on make elevation mark, the elevation mark of foundation bolt 11, example are then connected with the chalk line 12 that stretches 12 both ends of chalk line such as stretched are connected to two 11 elevation marks of foundation bolt, then this chalk line 12 can be used as absolute altitude to join According to line.It can be that vertical and horizontal draw and set chalk line 12 as needed, chalk line 12 is made to pass through the position for needing to place cushion block, as The reference of absolute altitude, then on the basis of chalk line 12, setting bearing cushion block 13 places bearing 2 on bearing cushion block 13.
Bearing cushion block 13 is wedge shape, can change installation of the bearing 2 in the point by adjusting the position of bearing cushion block 13 Highly, make the face that bearing cushion block 13 is contacted with bearing 2 concordant with chalk line 12 when installation, ensure the installation accuracy of bearing 2.
It is then that bearing 2 is prefastened on foundation bolt 11, such as can be that bolt only reaches 70% tightening torque, Or only fastening part bolt, convenient for subsequently continuing to adjust.
The then installing arm item seat 3 on bearing 2 needs that adjust pad 21 is arranged between bearing 2 and arm item seat 3.With identical All bearings 2 and arm item seat 3 of method one group of fixed frame of completion are installed, and an arms item is installed on all arm item seats 3 of the group 4, be the group all arm item seats 3 on support an arms item 4 jointly.
According to circumstances, can be the foundation bolt 11 that step A disposably completes all groups of fixed frames elevation mark and The drawing of chalk line 12 is set, and then repeatedly step B is sequentially completed the bearing 1 of every group of fixed frame, arm item seat 3 and the installation of arm item 4;It can also It is that grouping is installed, such as step A once completes the elevation mark of the foundation bolt 11 of one group of fixed frame and chalk line 12 is drawn It is installed if step B completes the bearing 1 of the group, arm item seat 3 and arm item 4, then repeatedly A, step B are fixed until completing all groups Bearing 1, arm item seat 3 and the arm item 4 of frame are installed.
Whole arm items 4 are after installation is complete, with apparatus measures per the height of arms item 4, and by increase and decrease adjust pad 21 or It is consistent that fine tuning bearing cushion block 13 makes all 4 upper heights of arm item ensure, finally that all bearings 2 and foundation bolt 11 are completely tight Gu such as all bolts with nut tightening bearing 2.
This installation method goes out altitude datum in erection support 2 with 12 accurate marker of chalk line, it is ensured that bearing 2 has higher Installation accuracy, it is follow-up to omit that bearing is levelling and arm item seat is levelling, it is directly levelling to all arm items 4, reduce intermediate steps, energy Save a large amount of working hours.
It is furthermore preferred that in the step B, according to the height of chalk line 12, setting bearing cushion block 13:It is four branch seat cushions of setting Block 13, and four bearing cushion blocks 13 are laid out along criss-cross four angle points, the wedge-shaped low side of each bearing cushion block 13 is towards cross Shape center;In the step C, before all bearings 2 and the fastening completely of foundation bolt 11:Also in original four bearing cushion blocks 13 Four bearing cushion blocks 13 are reloaded into gap, total of eight bearing cushion block 13 is uniformly distributed along the circumference, and the wedge of eight bearing cushion blocks 13 Shape low side is towards circular central.
It is four bearing cushion blocks 13 to be padded by cross-shape layout, when placing bearing 2 convenient for adjusting bearing from each angle 2 gradients, follow-up arm item 4 complete it is levelling after, then in 2 lower part of bearing fill 4 bearing cushion blocks 13, altogether eight bearing cushion blocks 13 It is laid out along annulus, bearing 2 is formed and stablizes support, then just fastens whole bolts of bearing 2 completely.

Claims (2)

1. walking beam cooler fixed frame installs leveling method, which is characterized in that the following steps carried out including sequence:
A, on being embedded with the basis (1) of foundation bolt (11), altitude datum is found with theodolite, according to the altitude datum in institute Have and make a mark on foundation bolt (11), with the label on chalk line (12) the connection foundation bolt (11) stretched;
B, object of reference of the chalk line (12) as absolute altitude, according to the height of chalk line (12), setting bearing cushion block (13), the branch seat cushion Block (13) is wedge shape, the face that bearing (2) is placed on bearing cushion block (13), and bearing cushion block (13) is made to be contacted with bearing (2) It is concordant with chalk line (12), bearing (2) is prefastened on foundation bolt (11), installing arm item seat (3), bearing on bearing (2) (2) adjust pad (21) is set between arm item seat (3), and the adjust pad (21) is plate;One is completed according to the method described above All bearings (2) of group fixed frame and arm item seat (3) installation, are installed on all arm item seat (3) tops of this group of fixed frame Arm item (4);
C, it repeats step B or repeats A, step B, until the bearing (1), arm item seat (3) and arm item (4) of every group of fixed frame are all pacified It installs into, the height with apparatus measures per arms item (4), and made by increasing and decreasing adjust pad (21) or fine tuning bearing cushion block (13) All arm item (4) upper heights are consistent, and all bearings (2) and foundation bolt (11) are fastened completely.
2. walking beam cooler fixed frame as described in claim 1 installs leveling method, which is characterized in that in the step B, According to the height of chalk line (12), setting bearing cushion block (13):It is four bearing cushion blocks (13) of setting, and four bearing cushion blocks (13) It is laid out along criss-cross four angle points, the wedge-shaped low side of each bearing cushion block (13) is towards cruciform central;
In the step C, before all bearings (2) and foundation bolt (11) fastening completely:Also in original four bearing cushion blocks (13) four bearing cushion blocks (13) are reloaded into gap, total of eight bearing cushion block (13) is uniformly distributed along the circumference, and eight branch seat cushions The wedge-shaped low side of block (13) is towards circular central.
CN201610633667.4A 2016-08-04 2016-08-04 Walking beam cooler fixed frame installs leveling method Active CN106287123B (en)

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN109000096A (en) * 2018-07-26 2018-12-14 湘潭市恒欣实业有限公司 The installation method of split type SQ-1200 endless rope series tractor winch

Citations (5)

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102080383A (en) * 2010-12-31 2011-06-01 中国二十二冶集团有限公司 Suspension type embedded part and hole reserved template fixing method
CN103143907A (en) * 2013-01-15 2013-06-12 中国核工业二三建设有限公司 Method for installing heavy horizontal equipment in nuclear power station and positioning tooling for installation
CN203270600U (en) * 2013-02-01 2013-11-06 中国十七冶集团有限公司 Fixed support for installing embedded bolts of high-precision equipment
CN103741710A (en) * 2013-12-17 2014-04-23 攀钢集团工程技术有限公司 Construction method of installation equipment without sizing block
CN105317052A (en) * 2014-07-15 2016-02-10 五冶集团上海有限公司 Tower crane foundation bolt fixing method

Family Cites Families (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JP2014163183A (en) * 2013-02-27 2014-09-08 Noritz Corp Installation structure and installation method of housing equipment instrument

Patent Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102080383A (en) * 2010-12-31 2011-06-01 中国二十二冶集团有限公司 Suspension type embedded part and hole reserved template fixing method
CN103143907A (en) * 2013-01-15 2013-06-12 中国核工业二三建设有限公司 Method for installing heavy horizontal equipment in nuclear power station and positioning tooling for installation
CN203270600U (en) * 2013-02-01 2013-11-06 中国十七冶集团有限公司 Fixed support for installing embedded bolts of high-precision equipment
CN103741710A (en) * 2013-12-17 2014-04-23 攀钢集团工程技术有限公司 Construction method of installation equipment without sizing block
CN105317052A (en) * 2014-07-15 2016-02-10 五冶集团上海有限公司 Tower crane foundation bolt fixing method

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