CN106278460A - The method of needle mushroom dreg factory culture Agaricus bisporus and culture material formula thereof - Google Patents

The method of needle mushroom dreg factory culture Agaricus bisporus and culture material formula thereof Download PDF

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Publication number
CN106278460A
CN106278460A CN201610645421.9A CN201610645421A CN106278460A CN 106278460 A CN106278460 A CN 106278460A CN 201610645421 A CN201610645421 A CN 201610645421A CN 106278460 A CN106278460 A CN 106278460A
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culture
agaricus bisporus
needle mushroom
mushroom dreg
formula
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黄建春
朱燕华
王倩
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Shanghai Academy of Agricultural Sciences
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Shanghai Academy of Agricultural Sciences
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    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C05FERTILISERS; MANUFACTURE THEREOF
    • C05DINORGANIC FERTILISERS NOT COVERED BY SUBCLASSES C05B, C05C; FERTILISERS PRODUCING CARBON DIOXIDE
    • C05D3/00Calcareous fertilisers
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G18/00Cultivation of mushrooms
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C05FERTILISERS; MANUFACTURE THEREOF
    • C05FORGANIC FERTILISERS NOT COVERED BY SUBCLASSES C05B, C05C, e.g. FERTILISERS FROM WASTE OR REFUSE
    • C05F17/00Preparation of fertilisers characterised by biological or biochemical treatment steps, e.g. composting or fermentation
    • C05F17/50Treatments combining two or more different biological or biochemical treatments, e.g. anaerobic and aerobic treatment or vermicomposting and aerobic treatment
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02WCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO WASTEWATER TREATMENT OR WASTE MANAGEMENT
    • Y02W30/00Technologies for solid waste management
    • Y02W30/40Bio-organic fraction processing; Production of fertilisers from the organic fraction of waste or refuse

Abstract

The present invention relates to method and the culture material formula thereof of needle mushroom dreg factory culture Agaricus bisporus.Agaricus bisporus factorial praluction is carried out after using pure needle mushroom dreg completely or needle mushroom dreg being mixed with a certain proportion of rice wheat straw, animal dung etc..The percentage ratio of each component of described material culture of agaricus bisporus is as follows, needle mushroom dreg 30~93%, rice straw or Wheat Straw 0~40%, the feces of livestock and poultry such as chicken manure or cattle manure 0~25%, Gypsum Fibrosum 5~8%, calcium carbonate 2~4%.Described method not only shortens fermentation time, greatly reduces production cost, reduces environmental pollution, also achieves the give up efficient circulation of dreg resource of Flammulina velutiper (Fr.) Sing and utilizes, has wide popularizing application prospect.

Description

The method of needle mushroom dreg factory culture Agaricus bisporus and culture material formula thereof
Technical field
The present invention relates to a cultivation of agaricus bisporus field, particularly relate to by using needle mushroom dreg to carry out Agaricus bisporus work The method that factory's metaplasia is produced.
Background technology
Agaricus bisporus belongs to Basidiomycotina, Agaricales, Agaricaceae, Agaricus, is to cultivate most commonly used food in the world Use bacterium.The bacterial context fertilizer of Agaricus bisporus is tender, containing abundant mannose, trehalose and various amino acids material.Agaricus bisporus is not The most nutritious, delicious flavour, and also heat is low, has the highest health value, is increasingly subject to liking of the people of various countries.Double spores The quinones of polysaccharide contained by mushroom is combined with sulfydryl, can suppress Synthesis of DNA, therefore medically have certain Active anticancer, the generation of tumor can be suppressed.Tryrosinase contained by Agaricus bisporus can dissolve certain cholesterol, to reducing blood It is pressed with certain help.
At present, domestic edible fungus industrial produces development, and the manufacturer of Flammulina velutiper (Fr.) Sing is numerous, and annual generation is substantial amounts of Useless dreg.According to statistics, the annual dreg amount about 4,000,000 tons produced in the whole nation.Useless dreg owing to self containing the nutrient of relatively horn of plenty, It is not only the waste to resource as arbitrarily abandoned, is also easily caused mycete and grows with insect breeding, thus pollute environment.Thus, Develop dreg resource the most efficiently and there are significant economy and ecological benefits.The main useful start of purposes of dreg at present Thing feedstuff, the raw material of fertilizer, fuel or secondary kind mushroom substrate etc..The dreg producing edible fungi generation is used as by some producer The fuel of sterilizing, but burning is only with the heat energy of 10% in dreg, causes a large amount of losses of nutrients resource.Also there is other Producer also try to be used for cultivating by the dreg of Flammulina velutiper (Fr.) Sing Agaricus bisporus, but its formula proportion is complicated and operation is complicated is unfavorable for work Factoryization produces in a large number, even needs to add substantial amounts of chemical fertilizer in incubation, seems ammonium potassium phosphate compound fertilizer, so given birth to The Agaricus bisporus produced will not be the green food materials of pure natural, affect for human body.
Genus flammulina is in domestomycetes, and growth cycle is short, general factory only gather one tide mushroom.Flammulina velutiper (Fr.) Sing is gathered after a tide mushroom, Compost still there is substantial amounts of organic substance not utilized, needle mushroom dreg still contains the nutrients such as substantial amounts of albumen, polysaccharide Matter.According to surveying and determination, containing aminoacid in 17 in needle mushroom dreg, total amount reaches 8.5%, crude protein 8.6%, crude fibre 35.8%, total Sugar 23.1%, total organic acids 5.6%, calcium 1.8%, nitrogen 1.3%, phosphorus 0.7%, potassium 0.8%, nutritional labeling is the abundantest.Dreg The substantial amounts of Flammulina velutipes mycelium body protein of middle residual, it is possible to the source of nutrition absorbed as other edible fungi.
Flammulina velutiper (Fr.) Sing needs to consume in growth course decomposes lignin, and still suffers from portion of cellulose, hemicellulose in dreg. Agaricus bisporus belongs to straw rotting fungus, relatively big to the demand of cellulose, hemicellulose in sporophore growth growth course, thus acupuncture needle Mushroom slag is the growth promoter of suitable Agaricus bisporus on nutrients structure.In recent years, crushed the most also due to substantial amounts of rice wheat straw Field, adds many Agaricus bisporus manufacturers to need from other places and buys the rice wheat straw production for Agaricus bisporus, this makes rice wheat The acquisition cost of straw has the trend being gradually increasing.The present invention is by rational recycling needle mushroom dreg, through a series of After ferment processes so that it is formation nutrient situation and physical arrangement are suitable to the cultivation matrix of Agaricus bisporus growth promoter, double for reducing Spore Mushroom production entreprise cost, increases economic efficiency and has significant meaning.The present invention utilizes needle mushroom dreg to plant Agaricus bisporus After, then dreg is carried out other purposes such as organic fertilizer production, more efficiently recycle biomass energy, double spore can be alleviated The present situation that Mushroom production cost of material is high, there is lack of raw materials, can reduce again the mushroom industry pollution to environment, and this is for edible fungi Sustainable, healthy cycle development that industry produces have great importance.
Summary of the invention
Present invention is primarily targeted at method and the compost thereof that a pin mushroom slag factory culture Agaricus bisporus is provided Formula, wherein provides after a needle mushroom dreg is carried out a series of fermentation technology, and formation is suitable to Agaricus bisporus batch production and grows institute The method of the culture matrix needed.The method of described pin mushroom slag factory culture Agaricus bisporus, makees through described needle mushroom dreg For described culture matrix thus the cost of described Agaricus bisporus factorial praluction can be saved, to solve part Agaricus bisporus production area The problem of shortage of raw materials, and the efficient circulation realizing described needle mushroom dreg resource utilizes and increases economic efficiency.
Another object of the present invention is to provide method and the compost thereof of a pin mushroom slag factory culture Agaricus bisporus Formula, the method for wherein said pin mushroom slag factory culture Agaricus bisporus, contained except finding in described needle mushroom dreg Nutrition is suitable for outside the growth promoter demand of Agaricus bisporus, more therefore solve current domestic substantial amounts of needle mushroom dreg not yet by The problem of high-efficiency resource recycling.
Another object of the present invention is to provide method and the compost thereof of a pin mushroom slag factory culture Agaricus bisporus Formula, after wherein utilizing described needle mushroom dreg to carry out described Agaricus bisporus factorial praluction, wherein in described pair of spore mushroom After mushroom is gathered, last Agaricus bisporus dreg can carry out production and other purposes of fertilizer, so can more efficiently circulate profit With biomass energy, Agaricus bisporus raw materials for production cost can be alleviated, the present situation that there is lack of raw materials, edible fungi can be reduced again simultaneously and produce The industry pollution to environment.
Therefore, the present invention provides the culture material formula of a needle mushroom dreg factory culture Agaricus bisporus, described pair of spore mushroom Each composition mass percent of mushroom culture material formula is as follows: needle mushroom dreg 30~93%, grain straw 0~40%, animal dung Just 0~25%, Gypsum Fibrosum 5~8%, calcium carbonate 2~4%.
Preferably, the mass percent of needle mushroom dreg is 35~80%.
Described corn straw stalk is selected from one or both in rice straw and Wheat Straw, in certain embodiments, its quality hundred Proportion by subtraction is 20~40%.
Described feces of livestock and poultry is the feces of the poultry such as chicken, duck, goose, pig, sheep, cattle, such as chicken or cattle.In some embodiments In, its mass percent is 10~20%.
The present invention additionally provides the culture material formula of a needle mushroom dreg factory culture Agaricus bisporus, described Agaricus bisporus Each composition mass percent of culture material formula is as follows: needle mushroom dreg 88~93%, Gypsum Fibrosum 5~8%, calcium carbonate 2~4%. I.e. using the method that pure needle mushroom dreg carries out cultivation of agaricus bisporus, the raw material not only having saved Agaricus bisporus manufacturer becomes This, also can the changing section area such as present situation of In Fujian Province Agaricus bisporus factory rice wheat straw shortage of raw materials, and at double spores Can realize during mushroom compost composting making Agaricus bisporus industrialized agribusiness material without animal dung such as chicken manures, solve double Spore mushroom factory produces substantial amounts of zest abnormal flavour, ammonia excess emissions, environmental pollution and health during Compost The various problems such as situation is poor.
The present invention additionally provides the culture material formula of a needle mushroom dreg factory culture Agaricus bisporus, described Agaricus bisporus Each composition mass percent of culture material formula is as follows: needle mushroom dreg 48~93%, grain straw 0~40%, Gypsum Fibrosum 5~ 8%, calcium carbonate 2~4%.The method i.e. using needle mushroom dreg and corn straw stalk to carry out cultivation of agaricus bisporus, reduces compost Substantial amounts of zest abnormal flavour, the various problems such as ammonia excess emissions, environmental pollution and sanitary condition are poor is produced during composting.
The present invention additionally provides the culture material formula of a needle mushroom dreg factory culture Agaricus bisporus, described Agaricus bisporus Each composition mass percent of culture material formula is as follows: needle mushroom dreg 63~93%, feces of livestock and poultry 0~25%, Gypsum Fibrosum 5~ 8%, calcium carbonate 2~4%.Use the method that needle mushroom dreg and feces of livestock and poultry carry out cultivation of agaricus bisporus, with changing section ground The present situation of Agaricus bisporus factory of district rice wheat straw shortage of raw materials.
The present invention provides the method for a needle mushroom dreg factory culture Agaricus bisporus, comprises the steps:
(S01) raw material is prewetted and mixes;
(S02) heap and ferment in second time technology are built;
(S03) sowing and feeding;
(S04) mushroom house sends out bacterium;
(S05) earthing;
(S06) flower bud is urged to manage;And
(S07) management of producing mushroom with gather.
According to one embodiment of present invention, wherein in described step (S01), by needle mushroom dreg, without the paddy gone mouldy One or several mixture in thing straw stalk such as Wheat Straw, rice straw are prewetted, then with feces of livestock and poultry such as dried poultrymanure or Cattle manure, Gypsum Fibrosum and calcium carbonate, carry out being sufficiently mixed to form a pair of according to described material culture of agaricus bisporus prescription quality percentage ratio Spore mushroom compost.
According to one embodiment of present invention, wherein in described step (S02), step (S01) mixed is described Material culture of agaricus bisporus builds heap on outdoor sports, and in outdoor turning or be transported to one time fermentation tunnel after 2~3 days, and often Every 2 days in outdoor turning or roll-over, after such turning or roll-over 3 times, complete one time fermentation and form described material culture of agaricus bisporus A defective material.
According to one embodiment of present invention, wherein in described step (S02), by the one of described material culture of agaricus bisporus Defective material is transported to ferment in second time tunnel and carries out samming, intensification, pasteurization, climatizing stage, and the ammonia concentration of compost is less than During 5ppm, cooling down completes ferment in second time and forms the secondary material of described material culture of agaricus bisporus.
According to one embodiment of present invention, wherein in described step (S03), when the two of described material culture of agaricus bisporus After the material temperature of defective material is down to about 25 DEG C, described secondary material is transported in the clean mushroom house sterilized, sows Agaricus bisporus strain, Application rate is the 0.5~1.0% of compost dry weight, uses feeder that the described material culture of agaricus bisporus sowed is put in bedstead On carry out send out a bacterium.
According to one embodiment of present invention, wherein in described step (S04), by controlling in mushroom house between bacteria developing period Air themperature makes material temperature maintain about 25 DEG C, a bacterium 10~15 days.
According to one embodiment of present invention, wherein in described step (S05), after mushroom bed level mycelia sends out completely, will Turfy soil adds water, Gypsum Fibrosum, Calx, calcium carbonate, is stirred mixing, then carries out earthing, and thickness of earth covering is 3~5cm.
According to one embodiment of present invention, wherein in described step (S06), after earthing, by controlling in mushroom house Air themperature and return air speed, make material temperature maintain about 25 DEG C, air humidity about about 95%.7th~9 day fall after earthing Temperature the reduction CO that ventilates2Concentration, carries out urging flower bud.
According to one embodiment of present invention, wherein in described step (S07), during fruiting, air themperature is 16~18 DEG C, humidity is 85~about 90%, CO2Concentration about 800ppm, fruiting, after a tide mushroom is plucked, by the mushroom foot of bedstead remained on surface Etc. cleaning out, bedstead surface sprinkling, enter the change of tide phase, within about 4 days, pluck the second tide mushroom, after two tide mushrooms are plucked, clear up, spray Water, is again introduced into the change of tide phase, within about 4 days, plucks the 3rd tide mushroom.
Detailed description of the invention
Hereinafter describe and be used for disclosing the present invention so that those skilled in the art are capable of the present invention.Below describe in excellent Select embodiment to be only used as citing, it may occur to persons skilled in the art that other obvious modification.Define in the following description The ultimate principle of the present invention can apply to other embodiments, deformation program, improvement project, equivalent and the not back of the body Other technologies scheme from the spirit and scope of the present invention.
The formula of the cultivation technique according to the present invention is as follows: the method for a needle mushroom dreg factory culture Agaricus bisporus and Its culture material formula, each composition mass percent of described cultivation of agaricus bisporus culture material formula is as follows: needle mushroom dreg 30~ 93%, rice straw or Wheat Straw 0~40%, the feces of livestock and poultry such as chicken manure or cattle manure 0~25%, Gypsum Fibrosum 5~8%, calcium carbonate 2~ 4%.
The production craft step flow process of the method for the described needle mushroom dreg factory culture Agaricus bisporus that the present invention takes As follows:
By needle mushroom dreg, prewet, then without one or several mixture in the Wheat Straw gone mouldy, rice straw With dried poultrymanure or cattle manure, Gypsum Fibrosum and calcium carbonate, it is sufficiently mixed according to described material culture of agaricus bisporus prescription quality percentage ratio To form a material culture of agaricus bisporus.
Fermentation for described material culture of agaricus bisporus uses secondary fermentation.The described Agaricus bisporus training that will mix The raw material of nutriment is smooth on the ground of outdoor sports, neatly heap build up strip raft.Then after 2~3 days, will be pre- Described material culture of agaricus bisporus turning on outdoor place that heap is good, or by second highest to one for described material culture of agaricus bisporus roll-over In pressure fermentation tunnel.Hereafter, turning is carried out or by described pair in a sub-high pressure fermentation tunnel every 2~3 days grounds on the scene Spore mushroom compost carries out roll-over.After turning 3 times, described material culture of agaricus bisporus one time fermentation terminates.It is to say, shape Become a defective material of described material culture of agaricus bisporus.
After one time fermentation terminates, the defective material on place or in a sub-high pressure fermentation tunnel is transported to ferment in second time tunnel In, carry out closed fermentation, controlled the temperature of described material culture of agaricus bisporus by regulation ventilation, sequentially pass through samming, bar Scholar's sterilization, air regulation and cooling stage, when measuring ammonia concentration less than 5ppm, ferment in second time process of can having lowered the temperature, hold About about 7 days continuous time.In other words, a defective material completes ferment in second time process and is being the secondary of described material culture of agaricus bisporus Material.
After the material temperature of the secondary material of described material culture of agaricus bisporus is down to about 25 DEG C, described secondary material is transported to cleaning In the mushroom house sterilized, sowing Agaricus bisporus strain, application rate is the 0.5~1.0% of compost dry weight, uses feeder by The described material culture of agaricus bisporus of sowing is put on bedstead and carries out sending out bacterium.
Material temperature is made to maintain about 25 DEG C by air themperature in controlling mushroom house between bacteria developing period, a bacterium 10~15 days.
After mushroom bed level mycelia sends out completely.Turfy soil is added water, Gypsum Fibrosum, Calx, calcium carbonate, be stirred mixing, then Carrying out earthing, thickness of earth covering is 3~5cm.
After earthing, by controlling the air themperature in mushroom house and return air speed, material temperature is made to maintain about 25 DEG C, air Humidity about about 95%.Cooling in 7th~9 day the reduction CO that ventilates after earthing2Concentration, carries out urging flower bud.
During fruiting, air themperature is 16~18 DEG C, and humidity is 85~about 90%, CO2Concentration about 800ppm, fruiting, one After tide mushroom is plucked, the mushroom foot etc. of bedstead remained on surface is cleaned out, bedstead surface sprinkling, enter change of tide phase, harvesting in about 4 days Second tide mushroom, after two tide mushrooms are plucked, clears up, sprays water, and is again introduced into the change of tide phase, within about 4 days, plucks the 3rd tide mushroom.
Especially, because of the nutrient problem without having to worry about Agaricus bisporus tide time period, therefore in the production of described Agaricus bisporus During have only to note water management, ventilation, choose root and mend soil etc. operation, and then reduce production management problem and The yield of Agaricus bisporus can be increased simultaneously.
Below in conjunction with detailed description of the invention, the present invention is further illustrated and introduces.
Embodiment 1, needle mushroom dreg, the implementation of wheat straw mixed culture material factory culture Agaricus bisporus and yield:
The mass percent of needle mushroom dreg factory culture material culture of agaricus bisporus formula is as follows, needle mushroom dreg 38%, Wheat Straw 38%, dried poultrymanure 17%, Gypsum Fibrosum 5%, calcium carbonate 2%.
Needle mushroom dreg and Wheat Straw are prewetted after mixing, more uniformly mix with dried poultrymanure, calcium carbonate, Gypsum Fibrosum.In outdoor Heap is built, in outdoor turning or be transported to one time fermentation tunnel after 3 days on place.Hereafter, every 2 days in outdoor turning or roll-over, turn over After heap or roll-over 3 times, complete one time fermentation.It is transported to ferment in second time tunnel and carries out samming, intensification, pasteurization, air regulation rank Section, when the ammonia concentration of compost is less than 5ppm, cooling down.Using feeder to carry out sowing feeding after discharging, application rate is 0.6%.Compost thickness on mushroom bed about 15 centimetres.After feeding completes, make the material temperature of mushroom house maintain about 25 DEG C and carry out sending out Bacterium, a bacterium, after 13 days, carries out earthing, thickness of earth covering about 5 centimetres.Until mycelia after earthing surface covers with, start cooling and adjust Joint gas concentration lwevel, urges flower bud fruiting.The air themperature making mushroom house is maintained at about 17 DEG C, gas concentration lwevel about 800ppm. As the diameter about 4.5cm of Agaricus bisporus sporophore, gather.
The computing formula of biological conversion efficiency is as follows:
Biological conversion efficiency (%)=mushroom fruitbody fresh weight/compost dry weight × 100
Use needle mushroom dreg, the yield of wheat straw mixed culture material factory culture Agaricus bisporus and the knot of biological efficiency Fruit see table:
Table 1 needle mushroom dreg, the yield of wheat straw mixed culture material factory culture Agaricus bisporus and biological efficiency
The implementation of embodiment 2, needle mushroom dreg, Caulis et Folium Oryzae mixed culture material factory culture Agaricus bisporus:
The mass percent of needle mushroom dreg factory culture material culture of agaricus bisporus formula is as follows, needle mushroom dreg 35%, rice straw 35%, dry cattle manure 18%, Gypsum Fibrosum 8%, calcium carbonate 4%.
After implementation is for mixing of needle mushroom dreg and rice straw being prewetted, more uniformly mix with dry cattle manure, calcium carbonate, Gypsum Fibrosum Close.Outdoor sports is built heap, in outdoor turning or be transported to one time fermentation tunnel after 3 days.Hereafter, every 2 days in outdoor turning Or after roll-over, turning or roll-over 3 times, complete one time fermentation.It is transported to ferment in second time tunnel and carries out samming, intensification, pasteurization, sky The controlled atmosphere joint stage, when the ammonia concentration of compost is less than 5ppm, cooling down.Feeder is used to carry out sowing feeding after discharging, Application rate is 0.8%.Compost thickness on mushroom bed about 20 centimetres.After feeding completes, the material temperature of mushroom house is made to maintain 25 DEG C of left sides The right side carries out sending out bacterium, then carries out earthing, thickness of earth covering about 5 centimetres.Until mycelia after earthing surface covers with, start cooling and regulate Gas concentration lwevel, urges flower bud fruiting.The air themperature making mushroom house is maintained at about 17 DEG C, gas concentration lwevel about 800ppm.When During the diameter of Agaricus bisporus sporophore about 4~4.5cm, gather.
Use the yield of needle mushroom dreg, Caulis et Folium Oryzae mixed culture material factory culture Agaricus bisporus and the knot of biological efficiency Fruit see table:
Table 2 needle mushroom dreg and the yield of Caulis et Folium Oryzae mixed culture Agaricus bisporus and biological efficiency
Embodiment 3, needle mushroom dreg and the implementation of rice wheat straw mixed culture material factory culture Agaricus bisporus and product Amount:
The mass percent of needle mushroom dreg factory culture material culture of agaricus bisporus formula is as follows, needle mushroom dreg 50%, rice straw 20%, Wheat Straw 20%, Gypsum Fibrosum 7%, calcium carbonate 3%.
After implementation is for mixing of needle mushroom dreg and rice wheat straw being prewetted, more uniformly mix with calcium carbonate, Gypsum Fibrosum.? Heap is built, in outdoor turning or be transported to one time fermentation tunnel after 3 days on outdoor sports.Hereafter, or turned in outdoor turning every 2 days After storehouse, turning or roll-over 3 times, complete one time fermentation.It is transported to ferment in second time tunnel and carries out samming, intensification, pasteurization, air tune The joint stage, when the ammonia concentration of compost is less than 5ppm, cooling down.Feeder is used to carry out sowing feeding, sowing after discharging Amount is 1.0%.Compost thickness on mushroom bed about 20 centimetres.After feeding completes, make the material temperature of mushroom house maintain about 25 DEG C and enter Row sends out bacterium, then carries out earthing, thickness of earth covering about 5 centimetres.Until mycelia after earthing surface covers with, start cooling and regulate dioxy Change concentration of carbon, urge flower bud fruiting.The air themperature making mushroom house is maintained at about 17 DEG C, gas concentration lwevel about 800ppm.When double spores During the diameter of mushroom fruitbody about 4~4.5cm, gather.
Use needle mushroom dreg, the yield of rice wheat straw mixed culture material factory culture Agaricus bisporus and biological efficiency Result see table:
Table 3 needle mushroom dreg and the yield of Caulis et Folium Oryzae mixed culture Agaricus bisporus and biological efficiency
It can be seen that in this embodiment, can realize making double spore without animal dung during Compost Mushroom industrialized agribusiness material, solves Agaricus bisporus factory and produces substantial amounts of zest abnormal flavour, ammonia during Compost The various problems such as gas excess emissions, environmental pollution and sanitary condition are poor, and simultaneously, its yield can be guaranteed.
Embodiment 4, needle mushroom dreg and feces of livestock and poultry mixed culture material factory culture Agaricus bisporus implementation with Yield:
The mass percent of needle mushroom dreg factory culture material culture of agaricus bisporus formula is as follows, needle mushroom dreg 70%, dried poultrymanure 20%, Gypsum Fibrosum 6%, calcium carbonate 4%.
After implementation is for mixing of needle mushroom dreg being prewetted, more uniformly mix with dried poultrymanure, calcium carbonate, Gypsum Fibrosum.In room Heap is on the ground built in outfield, in outdoor turning or be transported to one time fermentation tunnel after 3 days.Hereafter, every 2 days in outdoor turning or roll-over, After turning or roll-over 3 times, complete one time fermentation.It is transported to ferment in second time tunnel and carries out samming, intensification, pasteurization, air regulation Stage, when the ammonia concentration of compost is less than 5ppm, cooling down.Feeder is used to carry out sowing feeding, application rate after discharging It is 1.0%.Compost thickness on mushroom bed about 20 centimetres.After feeding completes, make the material temperature of mushroom house maintain about 25 DEG C and carry out Send out bacterium, then carry out earthing, thickness of earth covering about 5 centimetres.Until mycelia after earthing surface covers with, start cooling and regulate titanium dioxide Concentration of carbon, urges flower bud fruiting.The air themperature making mushroom house is maintained at about 17 DEG C, gas concentration lwevel about 800ppm.When double spore mushrooms During the diameter of massee fruiting bodies about 4~4.5cm, gather.
Use needle mushroom dreg, the yield of rice wheat straw mixed culture material factory culture Agaricus bisporus and biological efficiency Result see table:
Table 4 needle mushroom dreg and the yield of Caulis et Folium Oryzae mixed culture Agaricus bisporus and biological efficiency
Embodiment 5, the implementation of pure needle mushroom dreg factory culture Agaricus bisporus and yield:
The mass percent of the culture material formula of pure needle mushroom dreg factory culture Agaricus bisporus is as follows, needle mushroom dreg 93%, Gypsum Fibrosum 5%, calcium carbonate 2%.
After needle mushroom dreg is uniformly mixed with calcium carbonate, Gypsum Fibrosum, fully prewet.Outdoor sports is built heap place, 3 days Left and right, carries out one time fermentation in outdoor turning or in being transported to one time fermentation tunnel.Every 2 days in outdoor turning or roll-over, turning Or after roll-over 3 times, complete one time fermentation.It is transported to ferment in second time tunnel and carries out samming, intensification, pasteurization, climatizing stage, When the ammonia concentration of compost is less than 5ppm, cooling down.Using feeder to carry out sowing feeding after discharging, application rate is 1.0%.Compost thickness on mushroom bed about 20 centimetres.After feeding completes, make the material temperature of mushroom house maintain about 25 DEG C and carry out sending out Bacterium, a bacterium, after 13 days, carries out earthing, thickness of earth covering about 5 centimetres.Until mycelia after earthing surface covers with, start cooling and adjust Joint gas concentration lwevel, urges flower bud fruiting.The air themperature making mushroom house is maintained at about 17 DEG C, gas concentration lwevel about 800ppm. When diameter about 4~4.5cm of Agaricus bisporus sporophore, gather.
The pure yield of needle mushroom dreg factory culture Agaricus bisporus is used to see table with the result of biological efficiency:
The yield of table 5 pure golden mushroom slag for cultivating Agaricus bisporus and biological efficiency
By various embodiments above it can be seen that use pure needle mushroom dreg or by needle mushroom dreg, wheat straw, chicken manure with necessarily After ratio mixing, after the fermentation technologys such as pre-heap, one time fermentation, ferment in second time, two tide mushrooms of factory culture Agaricus bisporus Yield reaches 20kg/m2Above.Reach to generally use rice wheat straw at present and carried out factory culture Agaricus bisporus with chicken manure formula Two tide mushroom yield levels.Particularly, the method that the pure needle mushroom dreg using the present invention to provide carries out cultivation of agaricus bisporus, no But saved the cost of material of Agaricus bisporus manufacturer, also can changing section area such as In Fujian Province Agaricus bisporus factory rice wheat The present situation of straw shortage of raw materials, and can realize without animal dung systems such as chicken manures during material culture of agaricus bisporus composting Making Agaricus bisporus industrialized agribusiness material, solving Agaricus bisporus factory, to produce substantial amounts of zest during Compost different Taste, the various problems such as ammonia excess emissions, environmental pollution and sanitary condition are poor.Meanwhile, be conducive to improving cultivation of agaricus bisporus Economic benefit, there is good practice and social benefit.Additionally, the needle mushroom dreg that the present invention provides is cheap and easy to get, favorably Factorial praluction in Agaricus bisporus.
It should be understood by those skilled in the art that the embodiments of the invention shown in foregoing description are only used as citing and do not limit The present invention processed.The purpose of the present invention is completely and be effectively realized.The function of the present invention and structural principle are the most in an embodiment Showing and explanation, without departing under described principle, embodiments of the present invention can have any deformation or amendment.

Claims (11)

1. the culture material formula of needle mushroom dreg factory culture Agaricus bisporus, it is characterised in that described material culture of agaricus bisporus Each composition mass percent of formula is as follows: needle mushroom dreg 30~93%, grain straw 0~40%, feces of livestock and poultry 0~ 25%, Gypsum Fibrosum 5~8%, and calcium carbonate 2~4%.
The culture material formula of needle mushroom dreg factory culture Agaricus bisporus the most according to claim 1, wherein said paddy Thing straw stalk is one or both in rice straw bar or wheat straw bar.
The culture material formula of needle mushroom dreg factory culture Agaricus bisporus the most according to claim 1, wherein said poultry Poultry manure is the feces of one or more poultry in chicken, duck, goose, pig, sheep and cattle.
4. according to the culture material formula of described needle mushroom dreg factory culture Agaricus bisporus arbitrary in claims 1 to 3, its Described in the mass percent of needle mushroom dreg be 35~80%, described corn straw stalk mass percent is 20~40%, described Feces of livestock and poultry mass percent is 10~20%.
5. the culture material formula of needle mushroom dreg factory culture Agaricus bisporus, it is characterised in that described material culture of agaricus bisporus Each composition mass percent of formula is as follows: needle mushroom dreg 88~93%, Gypsum Fibrosum 5~8%, calcium carbonate 2~4%.
6. the culture material formula of needle mushroom dreg factory culture Agaricus bisporus, each composition of described material culture of agaricus bisporus formula Mass percent is as follows: needle mushroom dreg 48~93%, grain straw 0~40%, Gypsum Fibrosum 5~8%, calcium carbonate 2~4%.
The culture material formula of needle mushroom dreg factory culture Agaricus bisporus the most according to claim 6, wherein said paddy Thing straw stalk is one or both in rice straw bar or wheat straw bar.
8. according to the culture material formula of the needle mushroom dreg factory culture Agaricus bisporus described in claim 6 or 7, wherein said Corn straw stalk mass percent is 20~40%.
9. the culture material formula of needle mushroom dreg factory culture Agaricus bisporus, each composition of described material culture of agaricus bisporus formula Mass percent is as follows: needle mushroom dreg 63~93%, feces of livestock and poultry 0~25%, Gypsum Fibrosum 5~8%, calcium carbonate 2~4%.
The culture material formula of needle mushroom dreg factory culture Agaricus bisporus the most according to claim 9, wherein said poultry Poultry manure is the feces of one or more poultry in chicken, duck, goose, pig, sheep and cattle.
11. according to the culture material formula of the needle mushroom dreg factory culture Agaricus bisporus described in claim 9 or 10, Qi Zhongsuo Stating feces of livestock and poultry mass percent is 10~20%.
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CN108569920A (en) * 2017-03-14 2018-09-25 江苏圣福来生态农业有限公司 A kind of rotten careless culture medium of edible fungus and preparation method thereof
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