CN106277337A - A kind of base encloses fish pond Studies on Avian Habitat restoration of the ecosystem and nursing method - Google Patents

A kind of base encloses fish pond Studies on Avian Habitat restoration of the ecosystem and nursing method Download PDF

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CN106277337A
CN106277337A CN201610662306.2A CN201610662306A CN106277337A CN 106277337 A CN106277337 A CN 106277337A CN 201610662306 A CN201610662306 A CN 201610662306A CN 106277337 A CN106277337 A CN 106277337A
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fish pond
habitat
base
ecosystem
studies
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CN106277337B (en
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李瑞利
沈小雪
牛志远
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Peking University Shenzhen Graduate School
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Peking University Shenzhen Graduate School
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    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C02TREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02FTREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02F3/00Biological treatment of water, waste water, or sewage
    • C02F3/32Biological treatment of water, waste water, or sewage characterised by the animals or plants used, e.g. algae
    • C02F3/327Biological treatment of water, waste water, or sewage characterised by the animals or plants used, e.g. algae characterised by animals and plants

Abstract

The present invention provides a kind of base to enclose fish pond Studies on Avian Habitat restoration of the ecosystem and nursing method, including: investigation base encloses the ecological state of fish pond Studies on Avian Habitat, identify its main ecological problem and determine restoration of the ecosystem target, and respectively base is enclosed according to described restoration of the ecosystem target fish pond Studies on Avian Habitat carry out functional structure layout, earth dyke finishing management, hydrodynamic force recover with diverse habitat management and water lev el control management.A kind of base that the present invention provides encloses fish pond Studies on Avian Habitat restoration of the ecosystem with nursing method by rational Habitat rehabilitation and ecological nursing technology, effectively builds habitat diversification, it is adaptable to the restoration of the ecosystem in Ji Wei fish pond, strand and child care.

Description

A kind of base encloses fish pond Studies on Avian Habitat restoration of the ecosystem and nursing method
Technical field
The present invention relates to ecological environmental protection technical field, enclose fish pond Studies on Avian Habitat restoration of the ecosystem particularly to a kind of base With nursing method.
Background technology
Coastal area, the field in coastal waters is defence flood, builds dyke referred to as base around and encloses.It is that one exists that base encloses fish pond Traditional strand cultural method of tidal fluctuations running is borrowed in coastal area.Due to the economic interests that covet, the coastal woods of large area Become base to enclose fish pond by excavation to cultivate, the phenomenon that coastal woods large area reduces once is occurring, exacerbate birds and the mankind it Between conflict.Meanwhile, deforestation encloses the base of sea formation and encloses culture pond, because of excessive exploitation and commercial exploitation, and its water environment degradation, life Thing multiformity falls sharply, Eco-environmental Carrying Capacity declines.
For solving the problems referred to above and preferably protecting coastal woods ecosystem and the birds migrated, in recent years, the whole world is all The fish pond habitat as birds is enclosed by manually building base in many coastal areas, and this has positive ecology for the protection of birds Effect.Such as, original base for the purpose of earning great number economic interests is enclosed fish pond fishery cultivating mould by the ground such as Hong-Kong, Shenzhen The base that formula is converted into for the purpose of Studies on Avian Habitat is protected encloses fish pond Studies on Avian Habitat management mode, to improve Ji Wei fish pond, strand The ecosystem carrying capacity of wetland unit are.Base encloses fish pond Studies on Avian Habitat and has positive Ecology Action for the protection of birds, Particularly providing, to birds, habitat of looking for food in the flood tide phase, the protection to ecological environment is significant, is also current Generally believe more successful Ecological Layout mode.
But, current base encloses fish pond Studies on Avian Habitat management mode negligence of management and lacks scientific and reasonable Habitat rehabilitation With ecological nursing technology, fail to play due ecological environment benefit.Additionally, transformation many considerations water quality in the Traditional Ecological pool promotes, Aquatile child care or Landscape rebuilding, but the base for birds and habitat thereof encloses fish pond restoration of the ecosystem and nursing method still has not Foot, is especially adapted for use in the tide dynamically water lev el control technology dynamic with migration of birds that relate to that strand base encloses and still lacks.
Summary of the invention
For problem above, patent purpose of the present invention be to devise a kind of base enclose fish pond Studies on Avian Habitat restoration of the ecosystem with Nursing method, by rational Habitat rehabilitation and ecological nursing technology, effectively builds habitat diversification, it is adaptable to strand base encloses fish The restoration of the ecosystem on the pool and child care.
Technical solution of the present invention is as follows:
The present invention provides a kind of base to enclose fish pond Studies on Avian Habitat restoration of the ecosystem and nursing method, including: investigation base encloses fish pond The ecological state of Studies on Avian Habitat, identifies its main ecological problem and determines restoration of the ecosystem target, and according to described life State repair target respectively base is enclosed fish pond Studies on Avian Habitat carry out functional structure layout, earth dyke finishing management, hydrodynamic force recover with Diverse habitat management and water lev el control manage;Wherein,
Base is enclosed fish pond Studies on Avian Habitat according to birds distribution in habitat and is divided into different by described functional structure layout Functional area;Concrete, described function zoning includes high tide level habitat, supplements high tide level habitat, fishpond, Geese and Ducks Habitat and Carnis Rallus aquaticus class habitat;
Base is enclosed the earth dyke plant of fish pond Studies on Avian Habitat and repairs by the finishing management of described earth dyke;
Described hydrodynamic force is recovered to dig water channel recovery hydrodynamic force with diverse habitat management by repairing, and improves fish pond exchange capacity And speed, and repair at the bottom of the earth dyke gradient and the pool, fish pond, build diverse habitat;
It is dynamic that the management of described water lev el control combines tide and bird migration, diel movement time, controls base and encloses fish pond Water level.
Concrete, the ecological state that investigation base of the present invention encloses fish pond Studies on Avian Habitat includes birds quantity, kind, work Dynamic region, behavioural habits investigation, water environment, base enclose fish pond layout and area vicissitude condition survey, and vegetation state investigation.
Concrete, earth dyke of the present invention finishing management base is enclosed the earth dyke plant of fish pond Studies on Avian Habitat repair into One step includes: repair tree species collocation, area ratio and the height of crop ratio of earth dyke plant, and earth dyke vegetation is repaired It is three regions, including by juxtaterrestrial vegetation reserved area, the vegetation clear (area) at middle part and the vegetation sparse district by sea.
Concrete, hydrodynamic force of the present invention is recovered to farther include with diverse habitat management: excavation ring pool water channel and company Waterway, connection base encloses fish pond to recover hydrodynamic force, improves fish pond exchange capacity and speed when tiding to greatest extent, Improve water quality;
Utilize each base to enclose the mud finishing fish pond earth dyke of the internal ring pool, fish pond water channel excavation, extend slope, fish pond, reduce slope Degree is 30~45 °, increases birds activity space;
Marking off shoal area, phytal zone and profundal zone at the bottom of the pool, fish pond from outlet to water inlet successively, the average discrepancy in elevation is 10cm, the depth of water requirement of suitable different aquatic birds.
Concrete, water lev el control of the present invention management uses layering flashboard design, and layering flashboard is divided into upper, middle and lower three Block, is used for regulating water level.
The invention has the beneficial effects as follows: according to early stage investigation and Research foundation, utilize and original habitat interference minimum is changed Make method, effectively build habitat diversification;Meanwhile, in conjunction with local tide, dynamically and migratory bird moving is dynamic, controlling water level, power-assisted bird Class is protected.This technology is particularly suited for restoration of the ecosystem and the child care in Ji Wei fish pond, strand.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Embodiments of the present invention is further illustrated referring to the drawings, wherein:
Fig. 1 is the flow chart that a kind of base of the present invention encloses fish pond Studies on Avian Habitat restoration of the ecosystem and nursing method;
Fig. 2 is the earth dyke finishing schematic diagram that a kind of base of the present invention encloses fish pond Studies on Avian Habitat restoration of the ecosystem and nursing method;
Fig. 3 is that a kind of base of the present invention encloses fish pond Studies on Avian Habitat restoration of the ecosystem with the recovery of the hydrodynamic force of nursing method with various Schematic diagram is built in habitat;
Fig. 4 is the water lev el control time diagram that a kind of base of the present invention encloses fish pond Studies on Avian Habitat restoration of the ecosystem and nursing method.
Detailed description of the invention
The present invention is described in further detail with specific embodiment below in conjunction with the accompanying drawings.
The present invention proposes the present invention provides a kind of base to enclose fish pond Studies on Avian Habitat restoration of the ecosystem and nursing method, refers to Fig. 1, including: investigation base encloses the ecological state of fish pond Studies on Avian Habitat, identifies its main ecological problem and determines that ecology is repaiied Complicated target, and respectively base is enclosed according to described restoration of the ecosystem target fish pond Studies on Avian Habitat carry out functional structure layout, earth dyke Finishing management, hydrodynamic force recover and diverse habitat management and water lev el control management.
Base is enclosed fish pond Studies on Avian Habitat according to birds distribution in habitat and is divided into different by described functional structure layout Functional area;Base is enclosed the earth dyke plant of fish pond Studies on Avian Habitat and repairs by the finishing management of described earth dyke;Described hydrodynamic force is extensive Multiple and diverse habitat management digs water channel recovery hydrodynamic force by repairing, and improves fish pond exchange capacity and speed, and repair earth dyke At the bottom of the gradient and the pool, fish pond, build diverse habitat;The management of described water lev el control combines tide and bird migration, diel movement time Dynamically, control base and enclose fish pond water level.
First, investigation base encloses the ecological state of fish pond Studies on Avian Habitat, identifies its main ecological problem and determines life State repairs target.Investigation base encloses fish pond ecological state, including birds quantity, kind, zone of action, behavioural habits, water environment, base Enclose fish pond layout and area vicissitude situation, vegetation investigation etc..By field investigation method, it is carried out evaluation on Ecosystem Health, know Not main habitat problem, determines restoration of the ecosystem target.Primary evaluation project includes that water coke slurry condition, habitat diversification and biology are many Sample is evaluated.
Base is enclosed fish pond Studies on Avian Habitat and carries out functional structure layout.For Field Research result and main habitat problem, And combine bird behavior observation optimization Studies on Avian Habitat function, topology layout on the basis of original base encloses fish pond.Further, Carry out corresponding reparation according to difference in functionality to work with child care.Described function zoning includes high tide level habitat, supplements high tide level Habitat, fishpond, Geese and Ducks habitat and Carnis Rallus aquaticus class habitat.
Base is enclosed fish pond Studies on Avian Habitat and carries out earth dyke finishing management.Earth dyke is repaired, and mainly improves base and encloses fish pond earth dyke Floristics preparation, area ratio and height of crop ratio, i.e. adjust arbor, shrub and herbaceous plant quantity and ratio, increases Birds are had a rest the environment ken and activity space;Dynamic in conjunction with migration of birds, the herbaceous plant vigorous to growing way is repaired in advance And child care, referring to Fig. 2, earth dyke vegetation is trimmed to three regions, clear including the vegetation by juxtaterrestrial vegetation reserved area, middle part Except district with by extra large vegetation sparse district.The plant finishing mode utilized is that machinery cradles.
Base is enclosed fish pond Studies on Avian Habitat and carries out hydrodynamic force recovery and diverse habitat management.Refer to Fig. 3, recover hydrodynamic force Mainly on the basis of original base encloses fish pond, excavation ring pool water channel, and connect base and enclose fish pond, water body is increased when tiding Exchange capacity, improves water quality simultaneously.Diverse habitat is built, and refers mainly to the silt of the ring pool water channel excavation utilizing each base to enclose in fish pond Mud finishing fish pond earth dyke, extends slope, fish pond, grading, increases birds activity space.Fish pond relatively low at the bottom of the water outlet pool, Water inlet goes out at the bottom of the pool higher, marks off shoal area, phytal zone and profundal zone successively, the depth of water requirement of suitable different aquatic birds.By sea Xiang Lu, multilamellar base encloses the degree of depth at the bottom of the pool, water inlet in fish pond to be increased successively;Water outlet, at the bottom of the pool, the degree of depth increases successively.Outlet It is distributed in base with water inlet and encloses the both sides of fish pond end parallel with coastline.By side, sea, intake-outlet only sets one.
Base is enclosed fish pond Studies on Avian Habitat and carries out water lev el control management.Use layering flashboard design, layering flashboard be divided into, In, lower three pieces, be used for regulating water level, during use, by order from top to bottom, increase and decrease successively;Flashboard material was for carrying out anticorrosion Process is wooden, lighter in weight, convenient to operate.Refer to Fig. 4, dynamically fish pond water level is carried out by fish pond function division and birds Unified management, according to migration of birds, dynamically and diel movement feature adjusts water level, when main purpose is high tide level, for not in good time Place of having a rest and look for food is provided with birds.Ensureing natural bait supply respect, can realized by following method: at the incoming tide, beat Gate open plate, tidewater enters fish pond, brings natural bait and sea water, put down all flashboards;At ebb tide, depend on by order from top to bottom Secondary remove flashboard, prevent from disposably discharging with the sea water of natural bait, it is ensured that natural food supplies.
Finally, repairing effect evaluation, utilize field monitoring means, Shenzhen Bay Wetlands ecosystem is carried out two-year Monitoring/observation, is distributed including Wetland waterbird, meteorology, aquatile and Macrobenthic Communities, Distribution of plant community, birds The Ecological niche divides band etc., and repairing effect is carried out comparison test and preliminary assessment.Before and after mainly contrast is repaired, repair district's birds kind Class and the change of quantity, and the change of behavioural habits.
Specific embodiment one:
It is configured to embodiment, i.e. Ji Wei fish pond, Shenzhen Mangrove woods Nature Reserve below in conjunction with a demonstration area Waterbird habitat restoration of the ecosystem and the structure of child care demonstration area.
S01, investigation base encloses the ecological state of fish pond Studies on Avian Habitat.Fish is enclosed with shenzhen Futian Mangrove ecosystem and base Pool ecosystem is object of study, collects historical summary, carries out As-Is Assessment.Investigation base encloses fish pond ecological state, including birds Quantity, kind, zone of action, behavioural habits, water environment, base encloses fish pond layout and area vicissitude situation, vegetation investigation.
S02, identifies its main ecological problem and determines restoration of the ecosystem target.Field investigation and evaluation result show good fortune The base of mangrove swamps protected area, field encloses fish pond, and there are the following problems: layout structure is unreasonable, lacks unified planning;Background is failed to understand, Lack corresponding water quality, aquatile, benthon, wetland plant and base dike plant data;It is too deep that base encloses fish pond water level, habitat Single, it is impossible to meet the demand of perching and look for food of different birds;On earth dyke, trees are tall and big, airtight, affect birds and perch;Base encloses fish Pool inner loop hydrodynamic force is weak, not enough with off-lying sea exchange capacity;Fish and shrimp population quantity is less, it is difficult to meet the food of different birds Demand.Enclose fish pond repair and managerial research owing to lacking base, enclose fish pond with the base of meter Pu protection zone, Hong Kong compared with, ecological Bearing capacity is the most not enough.For solving the problems referred to above, choose fish pond, test block, protection zone 4 and carry out restoration of the ecosystem and child care demonstration work Make.
S03, encloses fish pond Studies on Avian Habitat and carries out functional structure layout base.Early stage observation shows, Futian mangrove mudflat is protected Ge Jiwei fish pond, district difference birds frequency of occurrence has difference.According to restoration of the ecosystem target, on the basis of original fish pond, optimize function Layout, because fish pond Platalea minor frequency of occurrence is of a relatively high, functional localization is Platalea minor habitat, and other function zonings include High tide level habitat, supplementary high tide level habitat, fishpond, Geese and Ducks habitat and Carnis Rallus aquaticus class habitat.
S04, encloses fish pond Studies on Avian Habitat and carries out earth dyke finishing management base.Fish pond, protection zone embankment is with tall fillings such as Leucaena leucocephala (L.) Wood is main, and height is at more than 4m, and canopy density are high, and one is detrimental to the lifting of circling in the air of birds;Two is easily cause birds dangerous Sense, the woods of closing easily hide the natural enemy of birds;Three is that embankment covering vegetation aquatic bird cannot perch on embankment.Embankment is repaired Mainly improve base and enclose fish pond earth dyke floristics preparation, area ratio and height of crop ratio, i.e. adjust arbor, shrub and grass This number of plant and ratio, increase birds and have a rest the environment ken and activity space.Referring to Fig. 2, vegetation finishing divides into three Region, including by juxtaterrestrial vegetation reserved area, the vegetation clear (area) at middle part and the vegetation sparse district by sea.Wherein, vegetation protects Stay the original vegetation overlay degree in district preferable, can retain as the ecological protective screen, reduce the human activity impact on birds.Vegetation is clear at middle part Except district, large-scale arbor removes substantially, and between adjacent fish pond, earth dyke stays 1~2 strain arbors and fragmentary shrub;It is meanwhile, dynamic in conjunction with birds, The herbaceous plant vigorous to growing way is repaired in advance.Platalea minor about arrives Bay in Shenzhen mid-October, leaves by the end of March.At black face Before plucked string instrument with a fretted fingerboard aigret arrives several weeks, cut off the grass on earth dyke, and remove little tree.By Hai Ce vegetation sparse district, large-scale arbor removes substantially, Stunted brushwood and herbaceous plant retain, to reduce the mankind's activity impact on birds near wooden footway in protection zone.Especially, institute The plant finishing mode utilized is that machinery cradles.
S05, encloses fish pond Studies on Avian Habitat and carries out hydrodynamic force recovery and diverse habitat management base.Excavation ring pool water channel and company Waterway, connection base encloses fish pond, and water channel width 1m, the degree of depth about 0.6-0.8m, to recover hydrodynamic force, when tiding to greatest extent Improve fish pond exchange capacity and speed, improve water quality.Diverse habitat is built, and transforms including at the bottom of the transformation of the embankment gradient and the pool.Dike The transformation of bank slope degree refers mainly to the mud finishing fish pond earth dyke utilizing each base to enclose the internal ring pool, fish pond water channel excavation, extends fish pond oblique Slope, grading, i.e. it is reduced to 30-45 ° from original 60 °, to increase birds activity space.Referring to Fig. 3, at the bottom of the pool, transformation is main Fish pond to be referred to is relatively low at the bottom of the water outlet pool, higher at the bottom of the pool, water inlet, marks off shoal area, phytal zone and profundal zone successively, The average discrepancy in elevation is 10cm, the depth of water requirement of suitable different aquatic birds.By Hai Xianglu, multilamellar base encloses the degree of depth at the bottom of the pool, water inlet in fish pond Increase successively;Water outlet, at the bottom of the pool, the degree of depth increases successively.Outlet is distributed in base and encloses fish pond end parallel with coastline with water inlet Both sides.By side, sea, intake-outlet only sets one.At the bottom of the finishing earth dyke gradient and the pool, fish pond, increasing ring pool water channel, construction is many Sample habitat.
S06, encloses fish pond Studies on Avian Habitat and carries out water lev el control management base.Water level is to determine aquatic bird abundant species in wetland The important factor of degree, different aquatic birds have different water level demands, such as small-sized snipe < 5cm, large-scale snipe 5~11cm, duck class of swimming 10~15cm, pochard class > 20cm etc..In protection zone, the depth of water in fish pond, all at more than 1m, is unfavorable for perching of birds at present.Use Layering flashboard is divided into three pieces, upper, middle and lower, is used for regulating water level, during use, by order from top to bottom, increases and decreases successively;Flashboard material Matter is antiseptic wooden for carrying out, lighter in weight, convenient to operate.The layering every tile height of flashboard is 30cm, width 120cm, For vertical insertion type, flashboard two ends are designed with wooden handle, it is simple to operation.Further, the most right by fish pond function division and birds Fish pond water level is managed collectively, and adjusts water level according to birds the most in good time, when main purpose is high tide level, for different birds Offer is had a rest and looks for food place.Platalea minor habitat Sluice Design and actual water level control to refer to Fig. 4, by increase and decrease flashboard Regulation fish pond water level, in annual October, turns down fish pond water level;In March November to next year, maintain low water level;April is with black Leaving of face plucked string instrument with a fretted fingerboard aigret, starts to raise fish pond water level;May, fish pond water level was maintained in high water level level, to prevent weeds to JIUYUE Spread.Additionally, ensureing natural bait supply respect, can be realized by following method, i.e. April raises with fish pond water level, rises The time of tide, opening flashboard, tidewater enters fish pond, brings natural bait and sea water, puts down all flashboards;At ebb tide, by from top to bottom Order remove flashboard successively, prevent from disposably discharging with the sea water of natural bait.Fish pond keeps high water level therebetween, natural fish Shrimp encloses fish pond internal breeding at base, treats that Platalea minor at the year end migrates so far again, ensures natural food supply.
S07, repairing effect evaluation.No. 4 fish pond restorations of the ecosystem achieve good effect with child care.Infrared triggering camera is investigated Finding, fish pond function is not only in that high water time is as Platalea minor with resting, moreover it is possible to as supplementary Feeding sites;Meanwhile, No. 4 fish ponds Field investigation result shows, compared to other fish ponds, No. 4 fish pond Platalea minor record quantity and other aquatic bird kind numbers are the highest, It is the effective means improving Studies on Avian Habitat quality that visible fish pond earth dyke plant transformation combines water level regulation.
The detailed description of the invention of present invention described above, is not intended that limiting the scope of the present invention.Any basis Various other that the technology design of the present invention is made change and deformation accordingly, should be included in the guarantor of the claims in the present invention In the range of protecting.

Claims (7)

1. a base encloses fish pond Studies on Avian Habitat restoration of the ecosystem and nursing method, it is characterised in that including: investigation base encloses fish pond bird The ecological state of class habitat, identifies its main ecological problem and determines restoration of the ecosystem target, and according to described ecology Base is enclosed fish pond Studies on Avian Habitat and carries out functional structure layout, earth dyke finishing management, hydrodynamic force recovery with many by reparation target respectively Sample habitat management and water lev el control management;Wherein,
Base is enclosed fish pond Studies on Avian Habitat according to birds distribution in habitat and is divided into different functions by described functional structure layout Region;
Base is enclosed the earth dyke plant of fish pond Studies on Avian Habitat and repairs by the finishing management of described earth dyke;
Described hydrodynamic force is recovered to dig water channel recovery hydrodynamic force with diverse habitat management by repairing, and improves fish pond exchange capacity and speed Degree, and repair at the bottom of the earth dyke gradient and the pool, fish pond, build diverse habitat;
It is dynamic that the management of described water lev el control combines tide and bird migration, diel movement time, controls base and encloses fish pond water level.
Base the most according to claim 1 encloses fish pond Studies on Avian Habitat restoration of the ecosystem and nursing method, it is characterised in that described Investigation base encloses the ecological state of fish pond Studies on Avian Habitat and includes birds quantity, kind, zone of action, behavioural habits investigation, water ring Fish pond layout and area vicissitude condition survey, and vegetation state investigation are enclosed in border, base.
Base the most according to claim 1 encloses fish pond Studies on Avian Habitat restoration of the ecosystem and nursing method, it is characterised in that described Function zoning includes that high tide level habitat, supplementary high tide level habitat, fishpond, Geese and Ducks habitat and Carnis Rallus aquaticus class are perched Ground.
Base the most according to claim 1 encloses fish pond Studies on Avian Habitat restoration of the ecosystem and nursing method, it is characterised in that described Base is enclosed the earth dyke plant of fish pond Studies on Avian Habitat and carries out finishing and farther include by earth dyke finishing management: the plant to earth dyke plant Specific disposition, area ratio and height of crop ratio are repaired.
Base the most according to claim 4 encloses fish pond Studies on Avian Habitat restoration of the ecosystem and nursing method, it is characterised in that described Tree species collocation, area ratio and the height of crop ratio of earth dyke plant is repaired, farther includes: earth dyke is repaiied by vegetation Whole is three regions, including by juxtaterrestrial vegetation reserved area, the vegetation clear (area) at middle part and the vegetation sparse district by sea.
Base the most according to claim 1 encloses fish pond Studies on Avian Habitat restoration of the ecosystem and nursing method, it is characterised in that described Hydrodynamic force is recovered to farther include with diverse habitat management: excavates ring pool water channel and connects water channel, and connection base encloses fish pond to recover Hydrodynamic force, improves fish pond exchange capacity and speed to greatest extent, improves water quality when tiding;
Utilizing each base to enclose the mud finishing fish pond earth dyke of the internal ring pool, fish pond water channel excavation, extend slope, fish pond, grading is 30~45 °, increase birds activity space;
Marking off shoal area, phytal zone and profundal zone at the bottom of the pool, fish pond from outlet to water inlet successively, the average discrepancy in elevation is 10cm, suitable The depth of water requirement of the most different aquatic birds.
Base the most according to claim 1 encloses fish pond Studies on Avian Habitat restoration of the ecosystem and nursing method, it is characterised in that described Water lev el control management uses layering flashboard design, and layering flashboard is divided into three pieces, upper, middle and lower, is used for regulating water level.
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CN107493952A (en) * 2017-10-12 2017-12-22 中国环境科学研究院 A kind of Han Qu discards sand field Studies on Avian Habitat near-nature forest restoration methods
CN108566907A (en) * 2018-05-11 2018-09-25 中国科学院东北地理与农业生态研究所 A kind of method of degeneration Marsh Wetland birds bait fish proliferation
CN109089671A (en) * 2018-08-28 2018-12-28 宁夏大学 The method of Farmland Landscape insect pest is controlled by habitat management
CN110330110A (en) * 2019-08-02 2019-10-15 交通运输部天津水运工程科学研究所 A kind of wetland water level management value lived suitable for aquatic bird determines method
CN111011305A (en) * 2019-12-26 2020-04-17 南大(常熟)研究院有限公司 Luke bird habitat restoration method based on pond-withdrawing forest-returning wet-returning engineering
CN111270650A (en) * 2020-03-12 2020-06-12 中国科学院东北地理与农业生态研究所 Artificial auxiliary construction method for black gull wetland breeding habitat
WO2021129299A1 (en) * 2019-12-26 2021-07-01 南大(常熟)研究院有限公司 Near-natural restoration method for hydrophasianus chirurgus habitat

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CN103931397A (en) * 2014-04-17 2014-07-23 华东师范大学 Coastal constructed wetland used for water bird conservation and construction method thereof

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CN103931397A (en) * 2014-04-17 2014-07-23 华东师范大学 Coastal constructed wetland used for water bird conservation and construction method thereof

Cited By (9)

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CN107493952A (en) * 2017-10-12 2017-12-22 中国环境科学研究院 A kind of Han Qu discards sand field Studies on Avian Habitat near-nature forest restoration methods
CN108566907A (en) * 2018-05-11 2018-09-25 中国科学院东北地理与农业生态研究所 A kind of method of degeneration Marsh Wetland birds bait fish proliferation
CN108566907B (en) * 2018-05-11 2021-02-12 中国科学院东北地理与农业生态研究所 Method for breeding bird bait fish in degraded marsh wetland
CN109089671A (en) * 2018-08-28 2018-12-28 宁夏大学 The method of Farmland Landscape insect pest is controlled by habitat management
CN110330110A (en) * 2019-08-02 2019-10-15 交通运输部天津水运工程科学研究所 A kind of wetland water level management value lived suitable for aquatic bird determines method
CN110330110B (en) * 2019-08-02 2021-09-14 交通运输部天津水运工程科学研究所 Wetland water level regulation and control value determination method suitable for aquatic bird habitation
CN111011305A (en) * 2019-12-26 2020-04-17 南大(常熟)研究院有限公司 Luke bird habitat restoration method based on pond-withdrawing forest-returning wet-returning engineering
WO2021129299A1 (en) * 2019-12-26 2021-07-01 南大(常熟)研究院有限公司 Near-natural restoration method for hydrophasianus chirurgus habitat
CN111270650A (en) * 2020-03-12 2020-06-12 中国科学院东北地理与农业生态研究所 Artificial auxiliary construction method for black gull wetland breeding habitat

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