CN106274523A - 电动汽车软接触式自动充电系统及其装置 - Google Patents

电动汽车软接触式自动充电系统及其装置 Download PDF

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CN106274523A
CN106274523A CN201610648421.4A CN201610648421A CN106274523A CN 106274523 A CN106274523 A CN 106274523A CN 201610648421 A CN201610648421 A CN 201610648421A CN 106274523 A CN106274523 A CN 106274523A
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electric automobile
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CN106274523B (zh
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潘世澄
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Liangshan Kaiyuan transportation equipment manufacturing Co.,Ltd.
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B60VEHICLES IN GENERAL
    • B60LPROPULSION OF ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES; SUPPLYING ELECTRIC POWER FOR AUXILIARY EQUIPMENT OF ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES; ELECTRODYNAMIC BRAKE SYSTEMS FOR VEHICLES IN GENERAL; MAGNETIC SUSPENSION OR LEVITATION FOR VEHICLES; MONITORING OPERATING VARIABLES OF ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES; ELECTRIC SAFETY DEVICES FOR ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES
    • B60L53/00Methods of charging batteries, specially adapted for electric vehicles; Charging stations or on-board charging equipment therefor; Exchange of energy storage elements in electric vehicles
    • B60L53/30Constructional details of charging stations
    • B60L53/31Charging columns specially adapted for electric vehicles
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B60VEHICLES IN GENERAL
    • B60LPROPULSION OF ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES; SUPPLYING ELECTRIC POWER FOR AUXILIARY EQUIPMENT OF ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES; ELECTRODYNAMIC BRAKE SYSTEMS FOR VEHICLES IN GENERAL; MAGNETIC SUSPENSION OR LEVITATION FOR VEHICLES; MONITORING OPERATING VARIABLES OF ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES; ELECTRIC SAFETY DEVICES FOR ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES
    • B60L53/00Methods of charging batteries, specially adapted for electric vehicles; Charging stations or on-board charging equipment therefor; Exchange of energy storage elements in electric vehicles
    • B60L53/10Methods of charging batteries, specially adapted for electric vehicles; Charging stations or on-board charging equipment therefor; Exchange of energy storage elements in electric vehicles characterised by the energy transfer between the charging station and the vehicle
    • B60L53/14Conductive energy transfer
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B60VEHICLES IN GENERAL
    • B60LPROPULSION OF ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES; SUPPLYING ELECTRIC POWER FOR AUXILIARY EQUIPMENT OF ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES; ELECTRODYNAMIC BRAKE SYSTEMS FOR VEHICLES IN GENERAL; MAGNETIC SUSPENSION OR LEVITATION FOR VEHICLES; MONITORING OPERATING VARIABLES OF ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES; ELECTRIC SAFETY DEVICES FOR ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES
    • B60L53/00Methods of charging batteries, specially adapted for electric vehicles; Charging stations or on-board charging equipment therefor; Exchange of energy storage elements in electric vehicles
    • B60L53/30Constructional details of charging stations
    • B60L53/35Means for automatic or assisted adjustment of the relative position of charging devices and vehicles
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B60VEHICLES IN GENERAL
    • B60LPROPULSION OF ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES; SUPPLYING ELECTRIC POWER FOR AUXILIARY EQUIPMENT OF ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES; ELECTRODYNAMIC BRAKE SYSTEMS FOR VEHICLES IN GENERAL; MAGNETIC SUSPENSION OR LEVITATION FOR VEHICLES; MONITORING OPERATING VARIABLES OF ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES; ELECTRIC SAFETY DEVICES FOR ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES
    • B60L53/00Methods of charging batteries, specially adapted for electric vehicles; Charging stations or on-board charging equipment therefor; Exchange of energy storage elements in electric vehicles
    • B60L53/30Constructional details of charging stations
    • B60L53/35Means for automatic or assisted adjustment of the relative position of charging devices and vehicles
    • B60L53/37Means for automatic or assisted adjustment of the relative position of charging devices and vehicles using optical position determination, e.g. using cameras
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02TCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO TRANSPORTATION
    • Y02T10/00Road transport of goods or passengers
    • Y02T10/60Other road transportation technologies with climate change mitigation effect
    • Y02T10/70Energy storage systems for electromobility, e.g. batteries
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02TCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO TRANSPORTATION
    • Y02T10/00Road transport of goods or passengers
    • Y02T10/60Other road transportation technologies with climate change mitigation effect
    • Y02T10/7072Electromobility specific charging systems or methods for batteries, ultracapacitors, supercapacitors or double-layer capacitors
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02TCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO TRANSPORTATION
    • Y02T90/00Enabling technologies or technologies with a potential or indirect contribution to GHG emissions mitigation
    • Y02T90/10Technologies relating to charging of electric vehicles
    • Y02T90/12Electric charging stations
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02TCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO TRANSPORTATION
    • Y02T90/00Enabling technologies or technologies with a potential or indirect contribution to GHG emissions mitigation
    • Y02T90/10Technologies relating to charging of electric vehicles
    • Y02T90/14Plug-in electric vehicles

Abstract

本发明公开了一种电动汽车软接触式自动充电系统及其装置,包括电动汽车、车载电池,其特征在于:在电动汽车的底盘下设有车载电池伸缩电极装置,装置的转轴的中点上设有变速箱,变速箱右边设有与变速箱连接为一体的步进电机,在两个圆形筒的右侧分别设有法兰螺丝筒,该法兰螺丝筒能旋转垂直地面,将法兰螺丝筒的右螺杆的两个伸缩电极金属板,伸长与地面电极金属板接触,该两个地面电极金属板用导线与路灯桩上的充电箱内的继电器相连接,继电器再用导线与充电器相连接,市电源线进入充电箱内与继电器连接。本发明具有设计合理,容易制造,充电方便可靠和安全性能好的优点。

Description

电动汽车软接触式自动充电系统及其装置
技术领域
[0001]本发明涉及一种电动汽车软接触式自动充电系统及其装置,属于电动汽车技术领域。
背景技术
[0002]随着汽车工业的发展,带来了石油资源短缺、价格昂贵和环境污染等问题日益严重。而电动汽车不耗燃油、能量使用效率高、无污染的优点,是汽车工业发展的方向。
[0003]电动汽车是利用车载电池的电力,供给电动机进行工作,当电动汽车行驶到一定路程后,车载电池的电力出现不足,需要对车载电池进行充电。目前对电动汽车进行充电,需要将电动汽车停到充电粧旁,然后人工从充电粧拉出电缆插头插到电动汽车的充电插座上,充电完后再把电缆插头收回。这样的充电方式非常不方便。
[0004]本发明设计一种电动汽车软接触式自动充电系统及其装置,当电动汽车在路途中车载电池电力不足需要充电时,把电动汽车行驶到安装有本系统的路面,路灯充电粧系统或停车场充电系统的地面上,在地面标志和摄像系统的指引下进行对接,启动电动汽车的伸缩电极装置,使伸缩电极与地面电极相接触,车载电池立即给充电粧的继电器提供电源,继电器吸合后,继电器的一组触点接通充电器的交流电源,另一组触点接通充电器输出直流电源给车载电池充电。充满电充电粧自动断电,电动汽车的伸缩电极装置自动回复到原来位置,达到方便电动汽车的充电和行驶的目的。本发明为实现电动汽车特别是无人驾驶电动汽车的连续行驶创造了有利条件。
发明内容
[0005]本发明的目的是提供一种电动汽车软接触式自动充电系统及其装置,以克服目前电动汽车充电不方便的缺点。
[0006]为了实现上述的目的,本发明提供的电动汽车软接触式自动充电系统及其装置,包括电动汽车、车载电池,具体技术方案:所述的电动汽车的底盘下设置有开口向下的箱体;所述的箱体通过螺栓与电动汽车底盘相固定;该箱体内设置有车载电池伸缩电极装置;所述的伸缩电极装置设有两个与箱体连接的轴承座;该两个轴承座之间设有转轴,在转轴的中点上设有变速箱,变速箱右边设有与变速箱连接为一体的步进电机;所述的变速箱的前后两边分别设有相同的与转轴连接的圆形筒,在两个圆形筒的右侧分别设有法兰螺丝筒;在两个法兰螺丝筒左端分别设有左螺杆,其右端分别设有右螺杆;左螺杆、右螺杆分别柠入法兰螺丝筒的两端,左螺杆、右螺杆的螺纹方向相反;该左螺杆分别与圆形筒连接;右螺杆分别与所设置两个伸缩电极壳体上端作转动连接;在法兰螺丝筒中部的左边分别设有螺丝筒齿轮;该两个法兰螺丝筒旁边还分别设有与圆形筒连接的微型电机,这两个微型电机齿轮分别与两个法兰螺丝筒的螺丝筒齿轮相吻合;所述的法兰螺丝筒的左螺杆、右螺杆的周围分别设置有左弹簧、右弹簧;
所述的两个伸缩电极壳体内分别设有吹风机,在伸缩电极壳体下端分别设有伸缩电极金属板;该两个伸缩电极金属板分别与所设置的两个地面电极金属板相互对应;
所述的两个地面电极金属板设有地面电极壳体;所述的地面电极壳体内的周围和底层设有绝缘层;
所述的两个地面电极金属板用一组导线与路灯粧上的充电箱内的继电器相连接,继电器再用两组导线与充电器相连接;市电源线进入充电箱内与继电器连接。
[0007]采用上述措施的本发明具有设计合理,容易制造,充电方便可靠和安全性能好的优点。
附图说明
[0008]图1是本发明电动汽车设有车载电池伸缩电极装置的局部剖视立体示意图;
图2是本发明车载电池伸缩电极装置放大的立体示意图;
图3是本发明车载电池伸缩电极装置工作状态的立体示意图;
图4是本发明伸缩电极结构局部剖视立体示意图;
图5是本发明地面电极结构局部剖视立体示意图;
图6是本发明路灯粧充电系统结构立体示意图;
图7是本发明汽车库停车场充电系统结构立体示意图;
图8是本发明电动汽车在路灯粧充电系统进行充电的立体示意图;
图9是本发明电动汽车充电系统的两个伸缩电极金属板与两个地面电极金属板未接触的电路不意图;
图10是本发明电动汽车充电系统的两个伸缩电极金属板与两个地面电极金属板相互接触的电路不意图。
[0009]图中序号说明:电动汽车1、车载电池2、箱体3、螺栓4、伸缩电极装置5、定位摄像头
6、轴承座7、转轴8、变速箱9、步进电机10、圆形筒11、法兰螺丝筒12、左螺杆13、左弹簧14、右螺杆15、右弹簧16、伸缩电极壳体17、吹风机18、伸缩电极金属板19、螺丝筒齿轮20、微型电机21、微型电机齿轮22、地面电极壳体23、绝缘层24、地面电极金属板25、路灯粧26、充电箱27、继电器28、充电器29和市电源线30。
具体实施方式
[0010]
下面结合附图对本发明再进一步详细的说明。
[0011 ]参考图1,图1是本发明电动汽车设有车载电池伸缩电极装置的局部剖视立体示意图,从图可看出本发明的具体结构,包括电动汽车1、车载电池2,具体实施方式:在电动汽车I的底盘下设置有开口向下的箱体3;该箱体3通过螺栓4与电动汽车底盘相固定;该箱体3内设置有车载电池伸缩电极装置5。
[0012]参考图2、图3,图2是本发明车载电池伸缩电极装置放大的立体示意,图3是本发明车载电池伸缩电极装置工作状态的立体示意图,如图2所示,该所述的伸缩电极装置5设有两个与箱体3连接的轴承座7;该两个轴承座7之间设有转轴8,在转轴8的中点上设有变速箱9,变速箱9右边设有与变速箱9连接为一体的步进电机10;所述的变速箱9的前后两边分别设有相同的与转轴8连接的圆形筒11,在两个圆形筒11的右侧分别设有法兰螺丝筒12;在两个法兰螺丝筒12左端分别设有左螺杆13,其右端分别设有右螺杆15;左螺杆13、右螺杆15分别柠入法兰螺丝筒12的两端,左螺杆13、右螺杆15的螺纹方向相反,该法兰螺丝筒12如同电线杆拉线上的兰螺丝一样,旋转兰螺丝达到两端的螺杆的伸缩;该左螺杆13分别与圆形筒11连接;右螺杆15分别与所设置两个伸缩电极壳体17上端作转动连接;在法兰螺丝筒12中部的左边分别设有螺丝筒齿轮20;该两个法兰螺丝筒12旁边还分别设有与圆形筒11连接的微型电机21,这两个微型电机齿轮22分别与两个法兰螺丝筒12的螺丝筒齿轮20相吻合。
[0013] 该法兰螺丝筒12的左螺杆13、右螺杆15的周围分别设置有左弹簧14、右弹簧16。
[0014]如图2、图3所示,当启动步进电机10时,步进电机10使变速箱9前、后的圆形筒11顺时针旋转,当圆形筒11旋转后,使与圆形筒11连接的两个法兰螺丝筒12两个微型电机21也顺时针旋转,当两个法兰螺丝筒12、两个微型电机21与地面垂直时,步进电机10停止工作。如果两个伸缩电极金属板19,还未与两个地面电极金属板25相接触时,同时启动两个微型电机21,两个微型电机21旋转后,与微型电机齿轮22相吻合的螺丝筒齿轮20旋转,螺丝筒齿轮20旋转后分别使两个法兰螺丝筒12的左螺杆13、右螺杆15向两端伸出,直到两个伸缩电极金属板19与两个地面电极金属板25相接触。
[0015]参考图4,图4是本发明伸缩电极结构局部剖视立体示意图,该伸缩电极有两个,结构相同,该两个伸缩电极壳体17内分别设有吹风机18,伸缩电极壳体17下端设有伸缩电极金属板19,吹风机18下方的伸缩电极金属板19设有风孔,风孔在图中未画出。该两个伸缩电极金属板19分别与所设置的两个地面电极金属板25相互对应。
[0016]参考图5,图5是本发明地面电极结构局部剖视立体示意图,如图所示,该地面电极有两个,结构相同,该两个地面电极金属板25分别设有地面电极壳体23;该地面电极壳体23内的周围和底层设有绝缘层24。
[0017]参考图6、图7,图6是本发明路灯粧充电系统结构立体示意图,图7是本发明汽车库停车场充电系统结构立体示意图,如图所示,在两个地面电极金属板25用一组导线埋在地下或穿管埋在地下与路灯粧26上的充电箱27内的继电器28相连接,继电器28再用两组导线与充电器29相连接;市电源线30进入充电箱27内与继电器28连接。图7的汽车库、停车场充电系统结构与路灯粧充电系统结构基本相同,设置在汽车库时,充电箱27可固定墙壁上。设置在停车场时,充电箱27可固定在木粧上即可。
[0018]参考图8,图8是本发明电动汽车在路灯粧充电系统进行充电的立体示意图,如图所示,把电动汽车行驶到有路灯粧充电系统的地面上,再将伸缩电极装置5的两个伸缩电极金属板19与两个地面电极金属板25对准,是否对准了,可通过定位摄像头6校正。然后使用吹风机18将两个地面电极金属板25的污物吹干净,最后同时启动两个微型电机21,再使两个伸缩电极金属板19与两个地面电极金属板25接触好,就可充电了。
[0019]本发明是这样实现的:参考图9,图9是本发明电动汽车充电系统的两个伸缩电极金属板与两个地面电极金属板未接触的电路示意图,图中所示,在车载电池2用一组导线分别与两个伸缩电极金属板19连接,在两个地面电极金属板25又用一组导线分别与继电器28的a端、b端连接,继电器28的a端、b端分别用导线与继电器28的触头C、触头d连接,触头e、触头f分别导线与充电器29连接;触头n、触头m分别与市电源线30连接;触头h、触头k分别用导线与充电器29连接。
[0020]参考图10,图10是本发明电动汽车充电系统的两个伸缩电极金属板与两个地面电极金属板相互接触的电路示意图,图中所示,当两个伸缩电极金属板19分别与两个地面电极金属板25接触后,继电器28有了电源而吸合,继电器28吸合后,触头η与触头h连接,触头m与触头k连接,那么市电源线30的电源一路经触头n、触头h后直通充电器29,市电源30电源的另一路经触头m、触头k后直通充电器29,这样充电器29有了交流电源而工作;在此同时,继电器28的触头c与触头e连接,触头d与触头f连接,而触头e、触头f分别与充电器29连接的,那么充电器29充的电输出的一路经触头e、触头c到一个地面电极金属板25,再到一个地面电极金属板25对应的伸缩电极金属板19至车载电池2的正极,充电器29充的电输出的另一路经触头f、触头d到另一个地面电极金属板25,另一个地面电极金属板25对应的伸缩电极金属板19至车载电池2的负极,达到对车载电池2的充电。
[0021]车载电池2充电好了,将伸缩电极装置5收缩电动汽车I的底盘,这时两个伸缩电极金属板与两个地面电极金属板分离,继电器28没有电源而停止工作,继电器28停止工作后,充电器29断电而停止工作。

Claims (1)

1.电动汽车软接触式自动充电系统及其装置,包括电动汽车(1 )、车载电池(2),其特征在于:所述的电动汽车(I)的底盘下设置有开口向下的箱体(3);所述的箱体(3)通过螺栓(4)与电动汽车底盘相固定;该箱体(3)内设置有车载电池伸缩电极装置(5);所述的伸缩电极装置(5)设有两个与箱体(3)连接的轴承座(7);该两个轴承座(7)之间设有转轴(8),在转轴(8)的中点上设有变速箱(9),变速箱(9)右边设有与变速箱(9)连接为一体的步进电机(10);所述的变速箱(9)的前后两边分别设有相同的与转轴(8)连接的圆形筒(11),在两个圆形筒(11)的右侧分别设有法兰螺丝筒(12);在两个法兰螺丝筒(12)左端分别设有左螺杆(13),其右端分别设有右螺杆(15);左螺杆(13)、右螺杆(15)分别柠入法兰螺丝筒(12)的两端,左螺杆(13)、右螺杆(15)的螺纹方向相反;该左螺杆(13)分别与圆形筒(11)连接;右螺杆(15)分别与所设置两个伸缩电极壳体(17)上端作转动连接;在法兰螺丝筒(12)中部的左边分别设有螺丝筒齿轮(20);该两个法兰螺丝筒(12)旁边还分别设有与圆形筒(11)连接的微型电机(21),这两个微型电机齿轮(22)分别与两个法兰螺丝筒(12)的螺丝筒齿轮(20)相吻合;所述的法兰螺丝筒(12)的左螺杆(13)、右螺杆(15)的周围分别设置有左弹簧(14)、右弹簧(16); 所述的两个伸缩电极壳体(17)内分别设有吹风机(18),在伸缩电极壳体(17)下端分别设有伸缩电极金属板(19);该两个伸缩电极金属板(19)分别与所设置的两个地面电极金属板(25)相互对应; 所述的两个地面电极金属板(25)分别设有地面电极壳体(23);所述的地面电极壳体(23)内的周围和底层设有绝缘层(24); 所述的两个地面电极金属板(25)用一组导线与路灯粧(26)上的充电箱(27)内的继电器(28)相连接,继电器(28)再用两组导线与充电器(29)相连接;市电源线(30)进入充电箱(27)内与继电器(28)连接。
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