CN106272189A - A kind of spanner being adapted to different nut diameter - Google Patents

A kind of spanner being adapted to different nut diameter Download PDF

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Publication number
CN106272189A
CN106272189A CN201610918256.XA CN201610918256A CN106272189A CN 106272189 A CN106272189 A CN 106272189A CN 201610918256 A CN201610918256 A CN 201610918256A CN 106272189 A CN106272189 A CN 106272189A
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
wrench
nut
spanner
clamping
diameter
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN201610918256.XA
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
钟家勤
李尚平
薛斌
周建阳
崔传真
王跃飞
何维
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Qinzhou University
Original Assignee
Qinzhou University
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Qinzhou University filed Critical Qinzhou University
Priority to CN201610918256.XA priority Critical patent/CN106272189A/en
Publication of CN106272189A publication Critical patent/CN106272189A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

Links

Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B25HAND TOOLS; PORTABLE POWER-DRIVEN TOOLS; MANIPULATORS
    • B25BTOOLS OR BENCH DEVICES NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR, FOR FASTENING, CONNECTING, DISENGAGING OR HOLDING
    • B25B13/00Spanners; Wrenches
    • B25B13/10Spanners; Wrenches with adjustable jaws
    • B25B13/12Spanners; Wrenches with adjustable jaws the jaws being slidable
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B25HAND TOOLS; PORTABLE POWER-DRIVEN TOOLS; MANIPULATORS
    • B25BTOOLS OR BENCH DEVICES NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR, FOR FASTENING, CONNECTING, DISENGAGING OR HOLDING
    • B25B13/00Spanners; Wrenches
    • B25B13/10Spanners; Wrenches with adjustable jaws
    • B25B13/12Spanners; Wrenches with adjustable jaws the jaws being slidable
    • B25B13/16Spanners; Wrenches with adjustable jaws the jaws being slidable by screw or nut

Abstract

The invention discloses a kind of spanner being adapted to different nut diameter, including wrench body and the first clamping device being installed on wrench body one end, first clamping device includes that flexible dish, travelling gear and concentric are installed on the power cylinder outside flexible dish, having rotation space between internal diameter and the external diameter of flexible dish of power cylinder and be interval with a plurality of drive link in rotation space, one end of drive link is articulated with on flexible dish, its other end is hinged with power cylinder;The end, one end of power cylinder is provided with the profile of tooth being meshed with travelling gear, and the rotating shaft on travelling gear connects a driving means;Flexible dish inner circumferential is provided with multiple moving vane, and one end of moving vane is fixed on the internal diameter of flexible dish, the other end is as bare terminal end.The spanner of this structure can quickly regulate the opening and closing degree of adjustable wrench jaw for different nuts, to be applicable to the clamping of different-diameter nut, it is not necessary to manual operation, convenient and labor-saving, simple in construction, practical.

Description

A kind of spanner being adapted to different nut diameter
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of repair of machine and installation tool, be specifically related to a kind of be adapted to pulling of different nut diameter Hands.
Background technology
Spanner is a kind of conventional installation and extracting tool.The spanner of traditional structure is generally tied with carbon structural steels or alloy Structure steel is constituted, and it utilizes lever principle to twist bolt, screw, nut and other screw threads and tightly holds bolt or the opening of nut or trepanning The hand tools of firmware.In use, threadingly direction of rotation applies external force, clamping nut or one end of bolt at shank to spanner Just can twist bolt or nut.Spanner is divided into adjustable wrench and solid wrench.Adjustable wrench manually regulates opening of adjustable wrench jaw The right nut adapting to different-diameter size, range extensively, more welcomed by the people.
But existing adjustable wrench regulates generally by manual hand manipulation, as authorized for the opening and closing degree of adjustable wrench jaw Notification number is the adjustable wrench that the Chinese utility model patent of CN 205415441U discloses a kind of inclined angle-adjustable, including hands Handle and Wrench head, Wrench head includes fixed wrench jaw, adjustable wrench jaw, storage tank and rotates screw rod, and fixed wrench jaw is arranged on head The one end in portion, the bottom of adjustable wrench jaw is provided with tooth row, rotates screw rod and is arranged in storage tank, rotates screw rod and engages with tooth row, can Making adjustable wrench jaw slide, handle upper portion is provided with the inserted type line of rabbet joint that Wrench head can be made to rotate, and has butterfly locking nut, It is also equipped with the rotating inserted type line of rabbet joint at lower portion thereof, in the middle of handle rear end, is provided with hollow slotted eye;Fixed wrench jaw and work Dynamic pulling is both provided with anti-skidding teeth on the occlusal surface of mouth, and fixed wrench jaw is not parallel with adjustable wrench jaw occlusal surface, has one little to incline Angle, forms a collar extension big, the trapezoidal faces that inner mouth is little after opening.The adjustable wrench of this structure is by the rotation screw rod arranged, appearance Put groove, tooth row, these frame for movements of tooth row groove realize regulating the opening and closing degree of adjustable wrench jaw.Although simple in construction, but using Time there is the defect that regulation operation is laborious, expend time length, be unfavorable for promoting.
Summary of the invention
For above-mentioned deficiency, what the technical problem to be solved was to provide a kind of simple in construction is adapted to difference The spanner of nut diameter, it can quickly regulate the opening and closing degree of adjustable wrench jaw, rapid operation for different nuts.
For solving the problems referred to above, the present invention is achieved through the following technical solutions:
A kind of spanner being adapted to different nut diameter, including the wrench body for gripping be installed on wrench body one First clamping device of end, described first clamping device includes that flexible dish, concentric are installed on the power cylinder outside flexible dish Travelling gear with for driving power cylinder to rotate, has rotation between internal diameter and the external diameter of flexible dish of described power cylinder Space is also interval with a plurality of drive link in rotation space, and one end of described drive link is articulated with on flexible dish, its other end Hinged with power cylinder;The end, one end of power cylinder is provided with the profile of tooth being meshed with travelling gear, described travelling gear On rotating shaft connect have a driving means;Described flexible dish inner circumferential is provided with multiple moving vane, the one of described moving vane End is fixed on the internal diameter of flexible dish, the other end is as bare terminal end.
In such scheme, for making the spanner of this structure be applicable to the dismounting of further types of nut, with the first clamping device Being provided with the second clamping device on the other end end of relative wrench body, described second clamping device includes fixing Hubei Province, work Dynamic Hubei Province, screw-nut body and bevel gears, fixing Hubei Province is installed on the end of wrench body, and bevel gears is with solid Determining Hubei Province relatively and to be installed in wrench body, screw-nut body is horizontally installed to bevel gears with fixing by bearing Between Hubei Province and the turning end of screw-nut body is connected with bevel gears, described movable Hubei Province is installed in screw-nut body On displacement nut on;Described bevel gears connects a driving motor.
In such scheme, simply measuring function for making spanner have simultaneously, the surface-location identification in wrench body has quarter Degree line.
In such scheme, higher for the transmission efficiency making screw mandrel, more rapid, the screw thread that described leading screw is arranged is trapezoidal spiral shell Stricture of vagina.
In such scheme, described driving means can be micromachine, and is provided with for controlling miniature in wrench body The circuit board of motor, described circuit board is provided with start button, adjusting knob and X button.
In such scheme, described micromachine and circuit board can be powered by same battery, and described battery is embedded at In wrench body.
The invention have the benefit that
1, the first clamping device that the present invention is arranged mainly is made up of flexible dish, drive link, power cylinder and moving vane, In use, being worked by driving means band nutating gear, travelling gear drives the rotation of power cylinder again, by each transmission The synchronous rotary of bar regulates the opening and closing degree of the moving vane on flexible dish, thus adapts to the clamping of different-diameter nut, it is not necessary to Manual operation, convenient and labor-saving;
2, the second clamping device that the present invention is arranged is mainly by fixing Hubei Province, movable Hubei Province, screw-nut body be used for driving Screw-nut body rotate bevel gears constitute, for dismounting nut spatial dimension less time, by simple in construction, Second clamping device of compact can realize the work of the positioning clamping to nut, convenient and swift, range is wide.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is the structural representation of the spanner being originally adapted to different nut diameter.
Fig. 2 is the internal structure schematic diagram of the first clamping device.
Figure is numbered: 1, wrench body, 2, travelling gear, the 3, first clamping device;3-1, drive link, 3-2, power circle Cylinder, 3-3, flexible dish, 3-4, moving vane, 4, rotation space, 5, start button, 6, adjusting knob, 7, X button, 8, electricity Pond, 9, screw-nut body, 10, bearing, 11, movable Hubei Province, 12, bevel gears, 13, fixing Hubei Province.
Detailed description of the invention
Below in conjunction with specific embodiments and the drawings, the present invention is further explained, but not in order to limit this Bright.
In the present embodiment, " many " that referred to refer to greater than or are equal to the quantity of 3, just referred to as " many ".
As shown in Figure 1 and Figure 2, a kind of spanner being adapted to different nut diameter, including wrench body 1 He for gripping It is installed on first clamping device 3 of wrench body 1 one end.Described first clamping device 3 includes for clamping nut to be dismounted Flexible dish 3-3, concentric are installed on the power cylinder 3-2 outside flexible dish 3-3 and for the biography driving power cylinder 3-2 to rotate Moving gear 2.Wherein,
There is rotation space 4 and at rotation space 4 between internal diameter and the external diameter of flexible dish 3-3 of described power cylinder 3-2 Inside being interval with a plurality of drive link 3-1, one end of described drive link 3-1 is articulated with on moving vane 3-4, its other end and power Cylinder 3-2 is hinged.
The profile of tooth being meshed with travelling gear 2 it is provided with, on described travelling gear 2 in the end, one end of power cylinder 3-2 Rotating shaft connect have a driving means.Described driving means is specially micromachine, and is provided with for controlling in wrench body 1 The circuit board of micromachine, described circuit board is provided with start button 5, adjusting knob 6 and X button 7.In the present embodiment, for Reducing the quantity of battery and space that battery takies, described micromachine and circuit board are powered by same battery 8, described electricity Pond 8 is embedded in wrench body 1.
Described flexible dish 3-3 inner circumferential is provided with multiple moving vane 3-4, and one end of described moving vane 3-4 is articulated with On the internal diameter of flexible dish 3-3, the other end is as bare terminal end.In the present embodiment, described moving vane 3-4 is 6 and ties in sector Structure, and the bare terminal end of moving vane 3-4 is successively around arrangement, the grasping part of one hexagonal structure of composition, this hexagon The grasping part of structure is i.e. used for clamping standard type nut or non-standard nut, and grasping part is along with moving vane 3-in use The contraction of 4 and be changed.
Second clamping device is installed on the other end end of the wrench body 1 relative with the first clamping device 3, described Two clamping devices include fixing Hubei Province 13, movable Hubei Province 11, screw-nut body 9 and bevel gears 12, and fixing Hubei Province 13 is installed in On the end of wrench body 1, bevel gears 12 is relative with fixing Hubei Province 13 and is installed in wrench body 1, feed screw nut machine Structure 9 by bearing 10 be horizontally installed to screw mandrel between bevel gears 12 and fixing Hubei Province 13 and on screw-nut body 9 with Bevel gears 12 connects, and described movable Hubei Province 11 is installed on the displacement nut on screw-nut body 9.Described conical gear Mechanism 12 connects a driving motor, and this driving motor correspondence connects a supplying cell.
In the present embodiment, the screw thread that described leading screw is arranged is specially trapezoidal thread.And at the surface location of wrench body 1 It is identified with graduation mark.
The present invention is in use:
1, when using the first clamping device 3 to dismount nut, first pressing start button 5, driving means works, Travelling gear 2 rotates, and operates adjusting knob 6 the most as required, to control the output torque of driving means, at travelling gear 2 Drive under power cylinder 3-2 rotate, make each drive link 3-1 synchronous rotary, drive moving vane 3-4 to rotate, and then regulation Moving vane 3-4 encloses the size of the grasping part of the hexagonal structure being set as, when grasping part clamps nut to be dismounted just Time, press X button 7, finally by manual operation wrench body, nut is pulled down or screws on.
2, when using the second clamping device that nut is dismounted, first, start and drive motor, bevel gears 12 Work, exports power to screw-nut body 9, now screw turns, and the displacement nut on leading screw is carried out directly along with screw turns Line moves, and the movable Hubei Province 11 being installed on displacement nut moves horizontally therewith, between movable Hubei Province 11 and fixing Hubei Province 13 Space can clamp just when the nut dismounted, closes and drives motor, and movable Hubei Province 11 is positioned, finally by manual operation spanner Main body, pulls down nut or screws on.

Claims (6)

1. it is adapted to a spanner for different nut diameter, including the wrench body (1) for gripping be installed on wrench body (1) first clamping device (3) of one end, it is characterised in that: described first clamping device (3) includes flexible dish (3-3), concentric It is installed on the outside power cylinder (3-2) of flexible dish (3-3) and is used for the travelling gear (2) driving power cylinder (3-2) to rotate, There is rotation space (4) and in rotation space (4) between internal diameter and the external diameter of flexible dish (3-3) of described power cylinder (3-2) Inside being interval with a plurality of drive link (3-1), one end of described drive link (3-1) is articulated with on moving vane (3-4), its other end Hinged with power cylinder (3-2);The profile of tooth being meshed with travelling gear (2) it is provided with in the end, one end of power cylinder (3-2), Rotating shaft on described travelling gear (2) connects a driving means;Described flexible dish (3-3) inner circumferential is provided with multiple movable leaf Sheet (3-4), one end of described moving vane (3-4) is articulated with on the internal diameter of flexible dish (3-3), the other end is as bare terminal end.
The spanner being adapted to different nut diameter the most according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: with the first clamping device (3) being provided with the second clamping device on the other end end of relative wrench body (1), described second clamping device includes fixing Hubei Province (13), movable Hubei Province (11), screw-nut body (9) and bevel gears (12), fixing Hubei Province (13) is installed in wrench body (1), on end, bevel gears (12) is relative with fixing Hubei Province (13) and is installed in wrench body (1), feed screw nut machine Structure (9) is horizontally installed between bevel gears (12) and fixing Hubei Province (13) and screw-nut body (9) by bearing (10) On screw mandrel be connected with bevel gears (12), described movable Hubei Province (11) is installed in the displacement spiral shell on screw-nut body (9) On mother;Described bevel gears (12) connects a driving motor.
The spanner being adapted to different nut diameter the most according to claim 2, it is characterised in that: in wrench body (1) Surface-location identification has graduation mark.
The spanner being adapted to different nut diameter the most according to claim 2, it is characterised in that: arrange on described leading screw Screw thread is trapezoidal thread.
The spanner being adapted to different nut diameter the most according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: described driving means is micro- Type motor, and in wrench body (1), it is provided with the circuit board for controlling micromachine, described circuit board is provided with start button (5), adjusting knob (6) and X button (7).
The spanner being adapted to different nut diameter the most according to claim 5, it is characterised in that: described micromachine and electricity Road plate is powered by same battery (8), and described battery (8) is embedded in wrench body (1).
CN201610918256.XA 2016-10-20 2016-10-20 A kind of spanner being adapted to different nut diameter Pending CN106272189A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201610918256.XA CN106272189A (en) 2016-10-20 2016-10-20 A kind of spanner being adapted to different nut diameter

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201610918256.XA CN106272189A (en) 2016-10-20 2016-10-20 A kind of spanner being adapted to different nut diameter

Publications (1)

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CN106272189A true CN106272189A (en) 2017-01-04

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN110394754A (en) * 2019-07-24 2019-11-01 魏长同 A kind of shfting wrench

Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US5842390A (en) * 1996-02-28 1998-12-01 Frank's Casing Crew And Rental Tools Inc. Dual string backup tong
US5931231A (en) * 1996-06-27 1999-08-03 Bucyrus International, Inc. Blast hole drill pipe gripping mechanism
CN2411080Y (en) * 2000-01-19 2000-12-20 伟立兴业股份有限公司 Antiskid non-return device for roller-type spanner
CN2411872Y (en) * 2000-02-18 2000-12-27 上海蔡国鑫五金制品有限公司 Ratchet screwdriver with lighting
CN105108689A (en) * 2015-08-28 2015-12-02 广西大学 Caliber-adjustable wrench
CN206123511U (en) * 2016-10-20 2017-04-26 钦州学院 Be adapted to spanner of different nut diameters

Patent Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US5842390A (en) * 1996-02-28 1998-12-01 Frank's Casing Crew And Rental Tools Inc. Dual string backup tong
US5931231A (en) * 1996-06-27 1999-08-03 Bucyrus International, Inc. Blast hole drill pipe gripping mechanism
CN2411080Y (en) * 2000-01-19 2000-12-20 伟立兴业股份有限公司 Antiskid non-return device for roller-type spanner
CN2411872Y (en) * 2000-02-18 2000-12-27 上海蔡国鑫五金制品有限公司 Ratchet screwdriver with lighting
CN105108689A (en) * 2015-08-28 2015-12-02 广西大学 Caliber-adjustable wrench
CN206123511U (en) * 2016-10-20 2017-04-26 钦州学院 Be adapted to spanner of different nut diameters

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN110394754A (en) * 2019-07-24 2019-11-01 魏长同 A kind of shfting wrench
CN110394754B (en) * 2019-07-24 2021-04-13 邵东县广众五金科技开发有限公司 Adjustable wrench

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Application publication date: 20170104