CN106267021A - 一种治疗气血两虚型褥疮的中药组合物及其制备方法 - Google Patents

一种治疗气血两虚型褥疮的中药组合物及其制备方法 Download PDF

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CN106267021A
CN106267021A CN201610868767.5A CN201610868767A CN106267021A CN 106267021 A CN106267021 A CN 106267021A CN 201610868767 A CN201610868767 A CN 201610868767A CN 106267021 A CN106267021 A CN 106267021A
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rhizoma
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herba
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罗兴贵
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Sichuan Xingjujiao Medical Technology Co Ltd
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Abstract

本发明属于中医药技术领域,目的是根据中医对气血两虚型褥疮两亏的认识机理而提供的一种治疗气血两虚型褥疮的中药组合物,所述中药组合物的各个组分及其质量份比如下所示:枳实、青木香、川椒、玫瑰花、大腹皮、甘松、苦楝皮、地榆、仙鹤草、姜黄、赤石脂、枫香脂、丹参、益母草、泽兰、五倍子、月季花、凌霄花、苏木、儿茶、海螵蛸、穿山甲、缬草、首乌藤、远志、刺蒺藜、人参、黄苗、山药(炒)、甘草、刺五加、绞股蓝、沙棘、海马、当归、百合;本发明提供的药物是一个标本兼治的中药组方。

Description

一种治疗气血两虚型褥疮的中药组合物及其制备方法
技术领域
[0001]本发明涉及中医药技术领域,具体涉及一种治疗气血两虚型褥疮的中药组合物,特别是供气血两虚型褥疮患者使用的中药组合物及其制备方法的领域。
背景技术
[0002] 气血两虚一般出现在贫血、白细胞减少症、血小板减少症、大出血后、妇女月经过多者等,其主要表现为:既有气虚的表现,又有血虚的表现,进补宜采用益气生血、培补气血、气血并补。本型症状常见有小便淋漓不畅,或尿道口有秽浊之物流出,或带下异常,小腹胀痛,舌暗,苔白,脉弦细。这是由于久病入络,或由于湿热之邪阻滞经脉,气血瘀阻所致。
[0003]压疮又称压力性溃疡、褥疮,是由于局部组织长期受压,发生持续缺血、缺氧、营养不良而致组织溃烂坏死。皮肤压疮在康复治疗、护理中是一个普通性的问题。据有关文献报道,每年约有6万人死于压疮合并征。
[0004]那么,就如何找到一种可有效治疗气血两虚型褥疮的药物,是我们目前急需要解决的问题。
发明内容
[0005]随着我国中医中药学的不断发展,在治疗气血两虚型褥疮上,人们逐渐意识到了中医治疗上述气血两虚型褥疮的优点,且在治疗过程中毒副作用小、费用低等优势,针对现有西医治疗上述气血两虚型褥疮的现状,本发明的目的是在于提供一种治疗气血两虚型褥疮的中药组合物,以解决气血两虚型褥疮患者早日恢复健康的问题。该中药组合物是以常见的中药为原料,具有见效快、疗效显著等特点,并可有效治疗上述气血两虚型褥疮。
[0006]为达到上述发明的目的,本发明所采用的技术方案为:提供一种治疗气血两虚型褥疮的中药组合物及其制备方法,其特征在于,所述中药组合物的各个组分及其质量份比如下所示:
枳实3〜12g、青木香5〜16g、川椒3〜8g、玫瑰花30〜50g、大腹皮4.5〜1g、甘松4〜10区、苦楝皮6〜158、地榆10〜168、仙鹤草15〜258、姜黄3〜128、赤石脂15〜2(^、楓香脂3〜7区、丹参7〜188、益母草10〜3(^、泽兰7〜188、五倍子3〜168、月季花3〜8g、凌霄花5〜1g、苏木5〜15g、儿茶I〜3g、海螺銷10〜28g、穿山甲3〜9g、结I草3〜9g、首乌藤9〜15g、远志3〜15区、刺蔡藜6〜98、人参3〜158、黄苗15〜458、山药(炒)15〜28g、甘草3〜15g、刺五加6〜16区、绞股蓝15〜3(^、沙棘3〜1(^、海马3〜1(^、当归8〜168、百合6〜12区。
[0007] —种治疗气血两虚型褥疮的中药组合物及其制备方法,其特征在于,所述中药组合物的各个组分及其质量份比如下所示:
枳实4〜llg、青木香6〜14g、川椒4〜7g、玫瑰花32〜42g、大腹皮5〜9g、甘松5〜9g、苦楝皮7〜14g、地榆11〜14g、仙鹤草16〜22g、姜黄4〜llg、赤石脂16〜17g、楓香脂4〜6g、丹参8〜16g、益母草11〜26g、泽兰8〜16g、五倍子4〜14g、月季花4〜7g、凌霄花6〜9g、苏木6〜14g、儿茶I〜2.5g、海螺銷11〜26g、穿山甲4〜8g、结I草4〜8g、首乌藤10〜13g、远志4〜13区、刺蔡藜7〜88、人参4〜138、黄苗16〜4(^、山药(炒)16〜25g、甘草4〜13g、刺五加7〜14区、绞股蓝16〜268、沙棘4〜98、海马4〜98、当归9〜148、百合7〜11区。
[0008] 一种治疗气血两虚型褥疮的中药组合物及其制备方法,其特征在于,所述“最佳方案”的中药组合物的各个组分及其质量份比如下所示:
枳实log、青木香13g、川椒6g、玫瑰花34g、大腹皮8g、甘松8g、苦楝皮13g、地榆13g、仙鹤草20g、姜黄10g、赤石脂15g、楓香脂5g、丹参Hg、益母草23g、泽兰14g、五倍子12g、月季花6g、凌霄花8g、苏木12g、儿茶2g、海螺銷23g、穿山甲7g、结I草7g、首乌藤12g、远志12g、刺蔡藜8.58、人参128、黄苗358、山药(炒)1228、甘草128、刺五加128、绞股蓝238、沙棘88、海马88、当归12g、百合10g。
[0009] —种治疗气血两虚型褥疮的中药组合物及其制备方法,其特征在于,所述方法包括如下步骤制备而成:
A、将上述原料中药拣去杂质和粉尘后,按照质量份比分别粉碎成粗粒状包煎;
B、将包好的原料中药放入冷开水中浸泡半个小时,然后再将浸泡好的药物和浸泡药物的澄清液一并放入煎药机内,注入过药35mm的冷开水进行第一次煎煮45分钟,滤取药液后,再次注入过药32mm的微温开水进行第二次煎煮40分钟,二次混合浓缩成50%的中药液1710毫升,袋装密封后备用。
[0010] —种治疗气血两虚型褥疮的中药组合物及其制备方法,其特征在于,所述服用方法为:将制备好的中药液分三天服用,早中晚各服一次,给药量190毫升/次,饭前服。服药15〜30天,病获痊愈。
[0011]本发明组方中的各原料中药在中国药典、中国辞典以及中华本草中均有详细的记载。本发明选用其中最常见的中药为原料,充分发挥各组分的药理功效:
枳实,性味:苦、辛、寒,具有破气消积、化痰除痞之功效,用于治疗积滞内停、痞满胀痛、大便秘结、泻痢后重、结胸、胃下垂、子宫脱垂、脱肛;
青木香,性味:辛苦、寒,具有行气、解毒、消肿之功效,用于治疗胸腹胀痛、痧症、肠炎下痢、高血压、疝气、蛇咬毒、痈肿、疔疮、皮肤瘙痒或湿烂;
川椒,性味:辛、热、有小毒,具有温中止痛、燥湿杀虫止痒之功效,用于治疗脾胃虚寒、院腹冷痛、呕吐泄泻、蛔虫腹痛、龋齿牙痛、阴痒带下、湿疹皮肤瘙痒;
玫瑰花,性味:甘、微苦、温,无毒,具有理气解郁、和血调经之功效,用于治疗肝气郁结所致胸膈满闷、脘胁胀痛、乳房作胀、月经不调、痢疾、泄泻、带下、跌打损伤痈肿;
大腹皮,性味:辛、微温,具有下气宽中、行水消肿之功效,用于治疗湿阻气滞、脘腹胀闷、大便不爽、水肿胀满、脚气浮肿、小便不利;
甘松,性味:甘、温,具有理气止痛、醒脾健胃之功效,用于治疗胃痛、胸腹胀满、头痛、癔病、脚气;
苦楝皮,性味:苦、寒,有毒,具有杀虫、疗癣之功效,用于治疗蛔虫病、钩虫病、蛲虫病、阴道滴虫病、疥疮、头癣;
地榆,性味:苦酸、寒,具有凉血上血、清热解毒之功效,用于治疗吐血、衄血、血痢、崩漏、肠风、痔漏、痈肿、湿疹、金疮、烧伤;
仙鹤草,性味:味苦、性温,具有收敛止血、止痢、杀虫之功效,用于治疗各种出血之证,如:吐血、尿血、便血、崩漏、咯血、衄血、赤白痢疾、劳伤脱力、痈肿、跌打、创伤出血等证,对癌细胞有抑制作用,用于癌症及各种出血之症;
姜黄,性味:辛、苦、温,具有破血行气,通经止痛之功效,用于治疗胸胁剌痛、闭经、癥瘕、风湿肩臂疼痛、跌扑肿痛;
赤石脂,性味:甘、涩、酸、温,具有涩肠、收敛止血、收湿敛疮、生肌之功效,用于治疗久泻、久痢、便血、脱肛、遗精、崩漏、带下、溃疡不敛、湿疹、外伤出血;
楓香脂,性味:辛、苦、平,具有祛风活血、解毒止痛、止血、生肌之功效,用于治疗痈疽、疮疹、瘰疬、齿痛、痹痛、瘫痪、吐血、衄血、咯血、外伤出血、皮肤皲裂;
丹参,性味:味苦、性微寒,具有活血祛瘀、调经止痛、养血安神、凉血消痈之功效,用于治疗妇女月经不调、痛经、经闭、产后瘀滞腹痛、心腹疼痛、症瘕积聚、热痹肿痛、跌打损伤、热入营血、烦躁不安、心烦失眠、痈疮肿毒等症;
益母草,性味:微寒、辛、苦,具有活血、祛瘀、调经、消水之功效,用于治疗月经不调、胎漏难产、胞衣不下、产后血晕、瘀血腹痛、崩中漏下、尿血、泻血、痈肿疮疡;
泽兰,性味:苦辛、微温,具有活血、行水之功效,用于治疗经闭、百瘕、产后瘀滞腹痛、身面浮肿、跌扑损伤、金疮、痈肿;
五倍子,性味:酸、涩、寒,具有敛肺降火、涩肠止泻、敛汗止血、收湿敛疮之功效,用于治疗肺虚久咳、肺热痰嗽、久泻久痢、盗汗、消渴、便血痔血,外伤出血、痈肿疮毒、皮肤湿烂;月季花,性味:甘、温,具有活血调经、解毒消肿之功效,用于治疗月经不调、痛经、闭经、跌打损伤、瘀血肿痛、瘰疬、痈肿、烫伤;
凌霄花,性味:酸、寒,具有凉血去瘀之功效,用于治疗血滞经闭、百瘕、血热风痒、酒齄鼻;
苏木,性味:甘、咸、平,具有行血、破瘀、消肿、止痛之功效,用于治疗妇人血气心腹痛、经闭、产后瘀血胀痛喘急、痢疾、破伤风、痈肿、扑损瘀滞作痛;
儿茶,性味:苦、涩、微寒,具有收湿、生肌、敛疮之功效,用于治疗溃疡不敛、湿疹、口疮、跌扑伤痛,外伤出血;
海螵蛸,性味:味咸、涩、性温,具有收敛止血、固精止带、制酸止痛、收湿敛疮之功效,用于治疗吐血、呕血、崩漏、便血、衄血、创伤出血、肾虚遗精滑精、赤白带下、胃痛嘈杂、嗳气泛酸、湿疹溃疡;
穿山甲,性味:味咸、性微寒,具有活血散结、通经下乳、消痈溃坚之功效,用于治疗血瘀经闭、症瘕、风湿痹痛、乳汁不下、痈肿、瘰疬;
缬草,性味:味辛、苦、性温,具有安心神之功效,用于治疗心神不安、心悸失眠、癫狂、脏躁、风湿痹痛、痛经、经闭、跌打损伤等病症;
首乌藤,性味:甘、平,具有养血安神、祛风通络之功效,用于治疗失眠多梦、血虚身痛、风湿痹痛,外治皮肤瘙痒;
远志,性味:苦、辛、微温,具有安神益智、祛痰、消肿之功效,用于治疗心肾不交引起的失眠多梦、健忘惊悸、神志恍惚、咳痰不爽、疮疡肿毒、乳房肿痛;
刺蒺藜,性味:味苦、辛、性平,具有平肝、解郁、祛风明目之功效,用于治疗头痛、眩晕、胸胁胀痛、乳房胀痛、乳闭不通、经闭、目赤翳障、风疹瘙痒、白癜风、疮疽、瘰疬;
人参,性味:性平、味甘、微苦,具有大补元气、复脉固脱、补脾益肺、生津止渴、安神益智之功效,用于治疗劳伤虚损、食少、倦怠、反胃吐食、大便滑泄、虚咳喘促、自汗暴脱、惊悸、健忘、眩晕头痛、阳痿、尿频、消渴、妇女崩漏、小儿慢惊及久虚不复,一切气血津液不足之证;3〜15g、
黄苗,性味:甘、微苦、寒,具有散结消癭、清热解毒、凉血止血之功效,用于治疗癭瘤、喉痹、痈肿疮毒、毒蛇咬伤、肿瘤、吐血、衄血、咯血、百日咳、肺热咳喘;
山药(炒),性味:甘、平,具有健脾、补肺、固肾、益精之功效,用于治疗脾虚泄泻、久痢、虚劳咳嗽、消渴、遗精、带下、小便频数;另具补脾养胃、生津益肺、补肾涩精之功效,用于脾虚食少、久泻不止、肺虚喘咳、肾虚遗精、带下、尿频、虚热消渴;
甘草,性味:甘、平,具有和中缓急、润肺、解毒、调和诸药之功效,用于治疗脾胃虚弱、食少、腹痛便溏、劳倦发热、肺痿咳嗽、心悸、惊痫,生用治咽喉肿痛、消化性溃疡、痈疽疮疡、解药毒及食物中毒;
刺五加,性味:性温、味辛、微苦,具有益气健脾、补肾安神之功效,用于治疗脾肾阳虚、体虚乏力、食欲不振、腰膝酸痛、失眠多梦;
绞股蓝,性味:性寒、味苦,具有消炎解毒、止咳祛痰之功效,用于治疗滋补强壮药;
沙棘,性味:酸、涩、温,具有止咳祛痰、消食化滞、活血散瘀之功效,用于治疗咳嗽痰多、消化不良、食积腹痛、瘀血经闭、跌扑瘀肿;
海马,性味:味甘、咸、性温,具有补肾壮阳、散结消肿之功效,用于治疗肾虚阳痿、宫冷不孕遗尿、虚喘、癥瘕积聚、跌打损伤、痈疮肿毒;
当归,性味:味甘、辛、微苦、性温,具有补血和血、调经止痛、润燥滑肠之功效,用于治疗月经不调、经闭腹痛、癥瘕结聚、崩漏、血虚头痛、眩晕、痿痹,肠燥便难、赤痢后重,痈疽疮窃、跌扑损伤等病症;
百合,性味:味甘、性寒,具有养阴润肺、清心安神之功效,用于治疗阴虚燥咳、劳嗽咳血、虚烦惊悸、失眠多梦、精神恍惚等症。
[0012]本发明药物是基于中医治疗气血两虚型褥疮的辨病与辨证相结合的原则,从药理作用及作用机制认为:就气血两虚型褥疮一症,本发明所提供的药物中的各原料中药药效共奏,对上述疾病有很好的治疗效果。
具体实施方式
[0013] 本发明就是针对上述气血两虚型褥疮的治疗而提出的一种中药配方,采用该配方制备的药物药效好,见效快,是一个标本兼治的中药组方,特别适合临床使用。下面结合本发明的具体实施方式作进一步详细的描述:
实施例1:
一种治疗气血两虚型褥疮的中药组合物及其制备方法,其特征在于,所述中药组合物的各个组分及其质量份比如下所示:
枳实10g、青木香13g、川椒6g、玫瑰花34g、大腹皮8g、甘松8g、苦楝皮13g、地榆13g、仙鹤草20g、姜黄10g、赤石脂15g、楓香脂5g、丹参Hg、益母草23g、泽兰14g、五倍子12g、月季花6g、凌霄花8g、苏木12g、儿茶2g、海螺銷23g、穿山甲7g、结I草7g、首乌藤12g、远志12g、刺蔡藜8.58、人参128、黄苗358、山药(炒)1228、甘草128、刺五加128、绞股蓝238、沙棘88、海马88、当归12g、百合10g。
[0014] 实施例2: 一种治疗气血两虚型褥疮的中药组合物及其制备方法,其特征在于,所述中药组合物的各个组分及其质量份比如下所示:
枳实Hg、青木香Hg、川椒7g、玫瑰花42g、大腹皮9g、甘松9g、苦楝皮14g、地榆14g、仙鹤草22g、姜黄llg、赤石脂17g、楓香脂6g、丹参16g、益母草26g、泽兰16g、五倍子Hg、月季花7g、凌霄花9g、苏木14g、儿茶2.5g、海螺銷26g、穿山甲8g、结I草8g、首乌藤13g、远志13g、刺蔡藜8g、人参13g、黄苗40g、山药(炒)25g、甘草13g、刺五加14g、绞股蓝26g、沙棘9g、海马9g、当归Hg、百合Hg。
[0015] 实施例3:
一种治疗气血两虚型褥疮的中药组合物及其制备方法,其特征在于,所述中药组合物的各个组分及其质量份比如下所示:
枳实12g、青木香16g、川椒8g、玫瑰花50g、大腹皮10g、甘松10g、苦楝皮15g、地榆16g、仙鹤草25g、姜黄12g、赤石脂20g、楓香脂7g、丹参18g、益母草30g、泽兰18g、五倍子16g、月季花8g、凌霄花10g、苏木15g、儿茶3g、海螺銷28g、穿山甲9g、结I草9g、首乌藤15g、远志15g、刺蔡藜9g、人参15g、黄苗45g、山药(炒)28g、甘草15g、刺五加16g、绞股蓝30g、沙棘10g、海马10g、当归16g、百合12g。
[0016] 典型病例:
经临床诊断治疗气血两虚型褥疮患者共100例,年龄为48岁以上的65例,只有35例为48岁以下。100例患者中痊愈的92例,显效的8例,总有效率达100%。经治疗后,病获痊愈。

Claims (3)

1.一种治疗气血两虚型褥疮的中药组合物,其特征在于,所述中药组合物的各个组分及其质量份比如下所示: 枳实3〜12g、青木香5〜16g、川椒3〜8g、玫瑰花30〜50g、大腹皮4.5〜1g、甘松4〜10区、苦楝皮6〜158、地榆10〜168、仙鹤草15〜258、姜黄3〜128、赤石脂15〜2(^、楓香脂3〜7区、丹参7〜188、益母草10〜3(^、泽兰7〜188、五倍子3〜168、月季花3〜8g、凌霄花5〜1g、苏木5〜15g、儿茶I〜3g、海螺銷10〜28g、穿山甲3〜9g、结I草3〜9g、首乌藤9〜15g、远志3〜15区、刺蔡藜6〜98、人参3〜158、黄苗15〜458、山药(炒)15〜28g、甘草3〜15g、刺五加6〜16区、绞股蓝15〜3(^、沙棘3〜1(^、海马3〜1(^、当归8〜168、百合6〜12区。
2.根据权利要求1所述的治疗气血两虚型褥疮的中药组合物,其特征在于,所述中药组合物的各个组分及其质量份比如下所示: 枳实4〜llg、青木香6〜14g、川椒4〜7g、玫瑰花32〜42g、大腹皮5〜9g、甘松5〜9g、苦楝皮7〜14g、地榆11〜14g、仙鹤草16〜22g、姜黄4〜llg、赤石脂16〜17g、楓香脂4〜6g、丹参8〜16g、益母草11〜26g、泽兰8〜16g、五倍子4〜14g、月季花4〜7g、凌霄花6〜9g、苏木6〜14g、儿茶I〜2.5g、海螺銷11〜26g、穿山甲4〜8g、结I草4〜8g、首乌藤10〜13g、远志4〜13区、刺蔡藜7〜88、人参4〜138、黄苗16〜4(^、山药(炒)16〜25g、甘草4〜13g、刺五加7〜14区、绞股蓝16〜268、沙棘4〜98、海马4〜98、当归9〜148、百合7〜11区。
3.根据权利要求1-2所述的治疗气血两虚型褥疮的中药组合物,其特征在于,所述中药组合物的各个组分及其质量份比如下所示:枳实10g、青木香13g、川椒6g、玫瑰花34g、大腹皮8g、甘松8g、苦楝皮13g、地榆13g、仙鹤草20g、姜黄10g、赤石脂15g、楓香脂5g、丹参14g、益母草23g、泽兰Hg、五倍子12g、月季花6g、凌霄花Sg、苏木12g、儿茶2g、海螵蛸23g、穿山甲7g、结I草7g、首乌藤12g、远志12g、刺蔡藜8.5g、人参12g、黄苗35g、山药(炒)122g、甘草12g、刺五加12g、绞股蓝23g、沙棘8g、海马8g、当归12g、百合10g。
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CN104127813A (zh) * 2014-07-24 2014-11-05 朱秀芳 一种治疗气血两虚型褥疮的中药组合物及其制备方法
CN105477600A (zh) * 2015-12-18 2016-04-13 徐士魁 一种治疗恶露不净的药物及其制备方法
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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104127813A (zh) * 2014-07-24 2014-11-05 朱秀芳 一种治疗气血两虚型褥疮的中药组合物及其制备方法
CN105477600A (zh) * 2015-12-18 2016-04-13 徐士魁 一种治疗恶露不净的药物及其制备方法
CN105535214A (zh) * 2016-01-31 2016-05-04 王晓燕 一种快速治疗褥疮的中药组合物

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