CN106266477A - 一种治疗肾阳虚衰、气虚血亏引起的腰膝酸软的丸剂药物 - Google Patents

一种治疗肾阳虚衰、气虚血亏引起的腰膝酸软的丸剂药物 Download PDF

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CN106266477A
CN106266477A CN201610869841.5A CN201610869841A CN106266477A CN 106266477 A CN106266477 A CN 106266477A CN 201610869841 A CN201610869841 A CN 201610869841A CN 106266477 A CN106266477 A CN 106266477A
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deficiency
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罗娟
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Chengdu Feilong Water Treatment Technology Institute
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Abstract

本发明属于中医药技术领域,目的是根据中医对肾阳虚衰、气虚血亏引起的腰膝酸软的认识机理而提供的一种治疗肾阳虚衰、气虚血亏引起的腰膝酸软的丸剂药物,所述药物的各个组分及其质量份比如下:人参3~15g、枸杞子10~20g、党参15~25g、杜仲6~15g、肉桂3~10g、淫羊藿(炒) 5~15g、锁阳5~16g、肉苁蓉10~15g、附子3~15g、菟丝子15~25g、熟地黄20~40g、山茱萸5~12g、仙茅3~10g、韭菜子3~9g、黄芪15~25g、当归8~16g、鹿鞭6~15g、鱼鳔10~30g、五味子3~6g、海龙3~9g、海马5~15g、蛤蚧3~6g、阿胶8~16g、龟甲胶5~15g、冬虫夏草5~15g、云苓15~25g;本发明提供的药物是一个标本兼治的中药组方。

Description

一种治疗肾阳虚衰、气虚血亏引起的腰膝酸软的丸剂药物
技术领域
[0001]本发明涉及中医药技术领域,具体涉及一种治疗肾阳虚衰、气虚血亏引起的腰膝酸软的丸剂药物,特别是供肾阳虚衰、气虚血亏引起的腰膝酸软患者使用的丸剂药物的领域。
背景技术
[0002]医者认为:肾阳虚,为中医名词术语。由于肾阳虚衰,温煦失职,气化失权所表现的一类虚寒证候,称为肾阳虚证。多由素体阳虚,或年老肾亏,或久病伤肾,以及房劳过度等因素引起的。中医认为,肾主水,肾阳对水液有气化蒸腾作用,若肾阳不足,蒸腾气化无力,则出现小便清长等表现,故肾阳虚证存在着肾脏的病理改变。肾虚多为长期积累成疾,切不可以急于求成而用大补之药进补,或者用成份不明的补肾壮阳药物,而应慢慢调理。肾阳亦称为元阳、真阳、真火,十二经之根,先天之本在于肾。肾与命门本同一气,为人身阴阳消长之枢纽。肾阳主一身之阳气,火衰其本则阳虚之证迭出。肾阳虚与现代医学的神经内分泌免疫系统(NEIS)有关,肾阳虚证在下丘脑-垂体-靶腺(肾上腺皮质、甲状腺、性腺、胸腺)轴均有不同环节、不同程度的功能紊乱,且主要的发病环节在下丘脑(或更高级中枢)的调节功能紊乱。
[0003]那么,就如何找到一种可有效治疗肾阳虚衰、气虚血亏引起的腰膝酸软的药物,是我们目前急需要解决的问题。
发明内容
[0004]随着我国中医中药学的不断发展,在治疗肾阳虚衰、气虚血亏引起的腰膝酸软上,人们逐渐意识到了中医治疗上述肾阳虚衰、气虚血亏引起的腰膝酸软的优点,且在治疗过程中毒副作用小、费用低等优势,针对现有西医治疗上述肾阳虚衰、气虚血亏引起的腰膝酸软的现状,本发明的目的是在于提供一种治疗肾阳虚衰、气虚血亏引起的腰膝酸软的丸剂药物,以解决肾阳虚衰、气虚血亏引起的腰膝酸软患者早日恢复健康的问题。该药物是以常见的中药为原料,具有见效快、疗效显著等特点,并可有效治疗上述肾阳虚衰、气虚血亏引起的腰膝酸软一证。
[0005]为达到上述发明的目的,本发明所采用的技术方案为:提供一种治疗肾阳虚衰、气虚血亏引起的腰膝酸软的丸剂药物,其特征在于,所述药物的各个组分及质量份比如下所示:
人参3〜15g、枸紀子10〜20g、党参15〜25g、杜仲6〜15g、肉桂3〜10g、淫羊藿(炒)5〜15g、锁阳5〜16g、肉灰蓉10〜15g、附子3〜15g、英丝子15〜25g、熟地黄20〜40g、山茱萸5〜12区、仙茅3〜1(^、韭菜子3〜98、黄苗15〜258、当归8〜168、鹿鞭6〜158、鱼鳔10〜3(^、五味子3〜6g、海龙3〜9g、海马5〜15g、蛤蚁3〜6g、阿胶8〜16g、龟甲胶5〜15g、冬虫夏草5〜15g、云苳 15 〜25g。
[0006] 一种治疗肾阳虚衰、气虚血亏引起的腰膝酸软的丸剂药物,其特征在于,所述药物的各个组分及质量份比如下所示:
人参8〜13g、枸杞子12〜17g、党参18〜22g、杜仲8〜13g、肉桂6〜9g、淫羊藿(炒)8〜13g、锁阳8〜14g、肉灰蓉11〜14g、附子8〜13g、英丝子18〜22g、熟地黄25〜35g、山茱萸8〜llg、仙茅6〜9g、韭菜子5〜8g、黄苗18〜22g、当归10〜14g、鹿鞭8〜13g、鱼鳔12〜25g、五味子4〜5.5g、海龙5〜8g、海马8〜13g、蛤蚁4〜5.5g、阿胶10〜14g、龟甲胶8〜13g、冬虫夏草8〜13g、云等18〜23g。
[0007] 一种治疗肾阳虚衰、气虚血亏引起的腰膝酸软的丸剂药物,其特征在于,所述“最佳方案”的药物的各个组分及质量份比如下所示:
人参12g、枸杞子15g、党参20g、杜仲12g、肉桂8g、淫羊藿(炒)12g、锁阳13g、肉苁蓉13g、附子12g、英丝子20g、熟地黄30g、山茱萸10g、仙茅8g、韭菜子7g、黄苗20g、当归13g、鹿鞭12g、鱼鳔22g、五味子5g、海龙7g、海马12g、蛤蚧5g、阿胶13g、龟甲胶12g、冬虫夏草12g、云苳 20g。
[0008] —种治疗肾阳虚衰、气虚血亏引起的腰膝酸软的丸剂药物,其特征在于,所述方法包括如下步骤制备而成:
A、将上述原料中药拣去杂质和粉尘后,按照质量份比共研为极细末待用;
B、按照传统制备中药水丸的方法,将研磨好的极细末药物过筛后,放入药器中混合拌均,然后制备成水丸(其水丸的粒度为:4.8mm-5.0mm),继而晒干,瓶装密封备用。
[0009] 一种治疗肾阳虚衰、气虚血亏引起的腰膝酸软的丸剂药物,其特征在于,所述服用方法为:将制备好的水丸以每日三次服用,早中晚各服一次,给药量Sg /次,饭前服,服药15〜45天,症状减轻或疫愈。
[0010]本发明组方中的各原料中药在中国药典、中国辞典以及中华本草中均有详细的记载。本发明选用其中最常见的中药为原料,充分发挥各组分的药理功效:
人参,性味:性平、味甘、微苦,具有大补元气、复脉固脱、补脾益肺、生津止渴、安神益智之功效,用于治疗劳伤虚损、食少、倦怠、反胃吐食、大便滑泄、虚咳喘促、自汗暴脱、惊悸、健忘、眩晕头痛、阳痿、尿频、消渴、妇女崩漏、小儿慢惊及久虚不复,一切气血津液不足之证;枸杞子,性味:味甘、性平,具有养肝、滋肾、润肺之功效,用于治疗肝肾亏虚、头晕目眩、目视一清、腰膝酸软、阳痿贵精、虚劳咳嗽、消渴引饮等症;
党参,性味:味甘、性平,具有健脾补肺、益气生津之功效,用于治疗脾胃虚弱、食少便溏、四肢乏力、肺虚喘咳、气短自汗、气微两亏诸证等症;
杜仲,性味:甘、微辛、性温,具有补肝肾、强筋骨、安胎之功效,用于治疗腰脊酸疼、阳痿、尿频、小便余沥、风湿痹痛、胎动不安、习惯性流产;
肉桂,性味:辛、甘、热,具有补火助阳、引火归源、散寒止痛、温经通脉之功效,用于治疗肾阳不足、命门火畏寒肢冷、腰膝酸软、阳痿遗精、小便不利或频数、短气喘促、浮肿尿少诸证、命门火衰、火不归源、戴阳、格阳、及上热下寒、面赤足冷、头晕耳鸣、口舌糜破、脾肾虚寒、脘腹冷痛、食减便溏、肾虚腰痛、寒湿痹痛、寒疝疼痛、宫冷不孕、痛经经闭、产后瘀滞腹痛、阴疽流注、或虚寒痈疡脓成不溃、或溃后不敛等症;
淫羊藿(炒)HU0,性味:辛甘、温,具有补肾壮阳、祛风除湿之功效,用于治疗阳痿不举、小便淋沥、筋骨挛急、半身不遂、腰膝无力、风湿痹痛、四肢不仁;
锁阳,性味:味甘、性温,具有补肾润肠之功效,用于治疗阳痿、尿血、血枯便秘、腰膝痿弱;
肉苁蓉,性味:味甘、咸、性温,具有补肾阳、益精血、润肠道之功效,用于治疗肾阳虚衰、精血不足之阳痿、遗精、白浊、尿频余沥、腰痛脚弱、耳鸣目花、月经衍期、宫寒不孕、肠燥便秘;
附子,性味:辛、甘、大热,有毒,具有功效作用回阳救逆、补火助阳、逐风寒湿邪之功效,用于治疗亡阳虚脱、肢冷脉微、萎、宫冷、心腹冷痛、虚寒吐泻、阴寒水肿、阳虚外感、寒湿痹痛;
菟丝子,性味:辛甘、平,具有补肾益精、养肝明目、固胎止泄之功效,用于治疗腰膝酸痛、遗精、阳痿、早泄、不育、消渴、淋浊、遗尿、目昏耳鸣、胎动不安、流产、泄泻等症;
熟地黄,性味:味甘、性温,具有补血滋润、益精填髓之功效,用于治疗血虎萎黄、眩晕心悸、月经不调、崩不止、肝肾阴亏、潮热盗汗、遗精阳痿、不育不孕、腰膝酸软、耳鸣耳聋、头目昏花、须发早白、消渴、便秘、肾虚喘促等症;
山茱萸,性味:味酸、性微温,具有补益肝肾、收敛固脱之功效,用于治疗腰头晕目眩、耳聋耳鸣、腰膝酸软、跹精滑精、小便频数、虚汗不止、妇女崩漏;
仙茅,性味:辛、温,有毒,具有温肾阳壮、祛除寒湿之功效,用于治疗阳萎精冷、小便失禁、脘腹冷痛、腰膝酸痛、筋骨软弱、下肢拘挛、更年期综合征;
韭菜子,性味:辛、甘、温,具有温补肝肾,壮阳固精之功效,用于治疗阳痿遗精、腰膝酸痛、遗尿尿频、白浊带下;
黄芪,性味:甘、微温,具有补气固表、利尿托毒、排脓、敛疮生肌之功效,用于治疗气虚乏力、食少便溏、中气下陷、久泻脱肛、便血崩漏、表虚自汗、气虚水肿、痈疽难溃、久溃不敛、血虚痿黄、内热消渴、慢性肾炎蛋白尿、糖尿病等症;
当归,性味:性温、味甘辛,具有补血和血、调经止痛、润燥滑肠之功效,用于治疗血虚、面色萎黄、眩晕心悸、血虚、或兼有瘀滞的月经不调、经闭、痛经、虚寒性腹痛、冠心病心绞痛、风湿痹痛、跌打损伤等症;
鹿鞭,性味:味甘、咸、性温,具有补肾精、壮肾阳、益精、强腰膝之功效,用于治疗肾虚劳损、腰膝酸痛、耳聋耳鸣、阳痿、遗精、早泄、宫冷不孕、带下清稀;
鱼鳔,性味:味甘、性平,具有补肝肾、养血止血、散瘀消肿之功效,用于治疗肾虚遗精、腰膝无力、腰痛、眩晕耳鸣、白带、习惯性流产、血虚筋挛、产后风痉、破伤风、癫痫、再生障碍性贫血、吐血、尿血、崩漏、外伤出血、阴疽、瘘管;慢性溃疡、皲裂、痛风、痔疮;
五味子,性味:酸、甘、温,具有收敛固涩、益气生津、补肾宁心之功效,用于治疗久泻不止、久咳虚喘、心悸、失眠、多梦、自汗、盗汗、津伤□渴、消渴、遗精、滑精;
海龙,性味:味甘、咸、性温,具有补肾壮阳、散结消肿之功效,用于治疗阳痿、遗精、不育、肾虚作喘、癥瘕积聚、瘰疬癭瘤、跌打损伤、痈肿疔疮;
海马,性味:甘、温,具有补肾壮阳,调气活血之功效,用于治疗阳痿、遗尿、虚喘、难产、百积、疔疮肿毒;
蛤蚧,性味:味咸、性平,具有益肾补肺、定喘止嗽之功效,用于治疗肺肾两虚气喘咳嗽、虚劳咳嗽、略血、肾虚阳痿、遗精、小便频数、消渴;
阿胶,性味:甘、平,具有滋阴补血,安胎之功效,用于治疗血虚、虚劳咳嗽、吐血、衄血、便血、妇女月经不调、崩中、胎漏;内服: 龟甲胶,性味:咸、甘、凉,具有滋阴,养血,止血之功效,用于治疗阴虚潮热、骨蒸盗汗、腰膝酸软、血虚萎黄、崩漏带下;
冬虫夏草,性味:甘、温,具有补虚损、益精气、止咳化痰之功效,用于治疗痰饮喘嗽、虚喘、痨嗽、咯血,自汗盗汗、阳痿遗精、腰膝酸痛、病后久虚不复;
云苓,性味:甘、淡,具有具利水渗湿、益脾和胃、宁心安神、擅于扶正祛邪之功效,用于治疗惊悸失眠、脾虚食少、便溏泄泻、水肿胀满等。
[0011]本发明药物是基于中医治疗肾阳虚衰、气虚血亏引起的腰膝酸软的辨病与辨证相结合的原则,从药理作用及作用机制认为:就肾阳虚衰、气虚血亏引起的腰膝酸软一证,本发明所提供的药物中的各原料中药药效共奏,对上述疾病有很好的治疗效果。
具体实施方式
[0012]本发明就是针对上述肾阳虚衰、气虚血亏引起的腰膝酸软的治疗而提出的一种中药配方,采用该配方制备的药物药效好,见效快,是一个标本兼治的中药组方,特别适合临床使用。下面结合本发明的具体实施方式作进一步详细的描述:
实施例1:
一种治疗肾阳虚衰、气虚血亏引起的腰膝酸软的丸剂药物,其特征在于,所述药物的各个组分及质量份比如下所示:
人参12g、枸杞子15g、党参20g、杜仲12g、肉桂8g、淫羊藿(炒)12g、锁阳13g、肉苁蓉13g、附子12g、英丝子20g、熟地黄30g、山茱萸10g、仙茅8g、韭菜子7g、黄苗20g、当归13g、鹿鞭12g、鱼鳔22g、五味子5g、海龙7g、海马12g、蛤蚧5g、阿胶13g、龟甲胶12g、冬虫夏草12g、云苳 20g。
[0013] 实施例2:
一种治疗肾阳虚衰、气虚血亏引起的腰膝酸软的丸剂药物,其特征在于,所述药物的各个组分及质量份比如下所示:
人参13g、枸杞子17g、党参22g、杜仲13g、肉桂9g、淫羊藿(炒)13g、锁阳14g、肉苁蓉Hg、附子13g、菟丝子22g、熟地黄35g、山茱萸llg、仙茅9g、韭菜子8g、黄芪22g、当归14g、鹿鞭13g、鱼鳔25g、五味子5.5g、海龙8g、海马13g、蛤蚧5.5g、阿胶14g、龟甲胶13g、冬虫夏草13g、云苳 23g。
[0014] 实施例3:
一种治疗肾阳虚衰、气虚血亏引起的腰膝酸软的丸剂药物,其特征在于,所述药物的各个组分及质量份比如下所示:
人参15g、枸杞子20g、党参25g、杜仲15g、肉桂10g、淫羊藿(炒)15g、锁阳16g、肉苁蓉15g、附子15g、英丝子25g、熟地黄40g、山茱萸12g、仙茅10g、韭菜子9g、黄苗25g、当归16g、鹿鞭15g、鱼鳔30g、五味子6g、海龙9g、海马15g、蛤蚁6g、阿胶16g、龟甲胶15g、冬虫夏草15g、云苳 25g。
[0015] 典型病例:
经临床诊断治疗肾阳虚衰、气虚血亏引起的腰膝酸软患者共150例,年龄为58岁以上的120例,只有30例为58岁以下。150例患者中痊愈的135例,显效的15例,总有效率达100%。经治疗后,症状减轻或疫愈O

Claims (3)

1.一种治疗肾阳虚衰、气虚血亏引起的腰膝酸软的丸剂药物,其特征在于,所述药物的各个组分及其质量份比如下所示: 人参3〜15g、枸紀子10〜20g、党参15〜25g、杜仲6〜15g、肉桂3〜10g、淫羊藿(炒)5〜15g、锁阳5〜16g、肉灰蓉10〜15g、附子3〜15g、英丝子15〜25g、熟地黄20〜40g、山茱萸5〜12区、仙茅3〜1(^、韭菜子3〜98、黄苗15〜258、当归8〜168、鹿鞭6〜158、鱼鳔10〜3(^、五味子3〜6g、海龙3〜9g、海马5〜15g、蛤蚁3〜6g、阿胶8〜16g、龟甲胶5〜15g、冬虫夏草5〜15g、云苳 15 〜25g。
2.根据权利要求1所述的治疗肾阳虚衰、气虚血亏引起的腰膝酸软的丸剂药物,其特征在于,所述药物的各个组分及其质量份比如下所示: 人参8〜13g、枸杞子12〜17g、党参18〜22g、杜仲8〜13g、肉桂6〜9g、淫羊藿(炒)8〜13g、锁阳8〜14g、肉灰蓉11〜14g、附子8〜13g、英丝子18〜22g、熟地黄25〜35g、山茱萸8〜llg、仙茅6〜9g、韭菜子5〜8g、黄苗18〜22g、当归10〜14g、鹿鞭8〜13g、鱼鳔12〜25g、五味子4〜5.5g、海龙5〜8g、海马8〜13g、蛤蚁4〜5.5g、阿胶10〜14g、龟甲胶8〜13g、冬虫夏草8〜13g、云等18〜23g。
3.根据权利要求1至2所述的治疗肾阳虚衰、气虚血亏引起的腰膝酸软的丸剂药物,其特征在于,所述药物的各个组分及其质量份比如下所示: 人参12g、枸杞子15g、党参20g、杜仲12g、肉桂8g、淫羊藿(炒)12g、锁阳13g、肉苁蓉13g、附子12g、英丝子20g、熟地黄30g、山茱萸10g、仙茅8g、韭菜子7g、黄苗20g、当归13g、鹿鞭12g、鱼鳔22g、五味子5g、海龙7g、海马12g、蛤蚧5g、阿胶13g、龟甲胶12g、冬虫夏草12g、云苳 20g。
CN201610869841.5A 2016-10-02 2016-10-02 一种治疗肾阳虚衰、气虚血亏引起的腰膝酸软的丸剂药物 Withdrawn CN106266477A (zh)

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Application publication date: 20170104