CN106258880A - The floating cuttage of fruit of a kind of band is cultivated small potted plant and is born fruit the method for auspicious fruit - Google Patents

The floating cuttage of fruit of a kind of band is cultivated small potted plant and is born fruit the method for auspicious fruit Download PDF

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Publication number
CN106258880A
CN106258880A CN201610644221.1A CN201610644221A CN106258880A CN 106258880 A CN106258880 A CN 106258880A CN 201610644221 A CN201610644221 A CN 201610644221A CN 106258880 A CN106258880 A CN 106258880A
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China
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fruit
cuttage
cutting
auspicious
potted plant
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Inventor
李强
刘晓颖
张扬
张一扬
柳立
陈丽鹃
张毅
范伟
周冀衡
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Hunan Agricultural University
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Hunan Agricultural University
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Priority to CN201610644221.1A priority Critical patent/CN106258880A/en
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G22/00Cultivation of specific crops or plants not otherwise provided for
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G24/00Growth substrates; Culture media; Apparatus or methods therefor
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G31/00Soilless cultivation, e.g. hydroponics

Abstract

The invention discloses the floating cuttage of fruit of a kind of band to cultivate small potted plant and bear fruit the method for auspicious fruit, cultivate stalwartness bear fruit maternal plant, the preparation of sticking device, clip cutting, cuttage, insert after manage, the management of upper basin.The present invention solves that potted plant auspicious fruit cultivation period of bearing fruit is long, the problem that cost is high;Simple to operate, convenient management, the cycle is short, survival rate is high, can cultivate potted plant of bearing fruit in a large number at short notice.The present invention uses the semi-lignified twig of band fruit to carry out cuttage, can obtain the potted plant auspicious fruit that bears fruit in a large number at short notice, shorten cultivation cycle and reach more than 90d;The method using the floating water cutting of cystosepiment carries out nursery, it is simple to the auspicious fruit bowl of intensive cultivation is planted, it is not necessary to often water, and operational approach is easy, has saved a large amount of management cost;The auspicious fruit bowl cultivation plant type utilizing the method for the present invention to cultivate is compact, and erythrocarpus overworks end of the branch, does not falls through the winter, and viewing period is long, has higher ornamental value.

Description

The floating cuttage of fruit of a kind of band is cultivated small potted plant and is born fruit the method for auspicious fruit
Technical field
The invention belongs to ornamental plant technical field of cultivation, particularly relate to a kind of band floating cuttage of fruit and cultivate small potted plant extension The method of the most auspicious fruit.
Background technology
Auspicious fruit, has another name called Jerusalem cherry, Corallium Japonicum Kishinouye cherry, more has the good name of " Fructus Pruni pseudocerasi on Christmas ", the 4 of June to the coming year in American-European countries Month green, yellow and erythrocarpus long hanging branch head, the most graceful, be a kind of excellent fruit effect plant, for potted plant 18 scholars it One.The most often take at present the way of sowing to cultivate, typically can take spring or planted in fall, sowing in April in spring then 8, JIUYUE Yield positive results, sow October in autumn and yield positive results April in the coming year, from being seeded into into commodity it is generally required to more than 5 months, manage cost Higher, the longest.Due to seeding and seedling raising production is seedling, when only reaching certain level when nourishing and growing, just enters raw Reproductive growth, thus plant is relatively big, is not easy to indoor appreciation.Cutting propagation is that one is nourished and generated technology, has shortening seedling stage, protects The advantage holding kind good characteristic, typically use soil, sand, Vermiculitum or other mixed-matrixes as cuttage medium, the most relevant The technology of nutritional solution cuttage also has a large amount of report, and all kinds of cuttage techniques use on nursery stock and flower seedling raising extensively and obtain good Benefit floating seedlings, as the advanced technology of a kind of commercialization nursery, has the amount of labour used little, it is simple to management, neat Seedling strong sprout, disease pest The advantages such as evil is few, use quite varied on the industrial seedling rearing of the plants such as Nicotiana tabacum L., Fructus Capsici, Cotton Gossypii.Through retrieval, do not find with drift Floating nursery and the cuttage technique fast culture small potted plant that combines is born fruit the report of auspicious fruit.
Existing potted plant auspicious fruit cultivation period of bearing fruit is long, and cost is high.
Summary of the invention
It is an object of the invention to provide the floating cuttage of fruit of a kind of band to cultivate small potted plant and bear fruit the method for auspicious fruit, it is intended to Solve the existing seeding method cultivating method cultivation potted plant auspicious fruit production cycle of bearing fruit long, the problem that cost is high.
The present invention is achieved in that the floating cuttage of fruit of a kind of band is cultivated small potted plant and born fruit the method for auspicious fruit, described The band floating cuttage of fruit is cultivated the bear fruit method of auspicious fruit of small potted plant and is comprised the following steps:
Step one, cultivates stalwartness and bears fruit maternal plant: selects 2~3 years raw healthy and strong maternal plants, reinforcement water and fertilizer management, it is ensured that illumination is filled Foot, in good time pinching;
Step 2, sticking device is plastic culture case, adds the deep autogamy nutritional solution of 25cm, by cystosepiment in incubator It is placed in incubator;
Step 3, clip cutting: clip is given birth to health then and born fruit branch on healthy and strong maternal plant, is slightly cut off on the top of cutting, Make the minimum branch of each cutting between 6~8cm;
Step 4, cuttage: the cutting got ready is soaked 0.5h in the naphthalene acid solution of 0.5%, wraps after slightly drying Sponge thin slice square for 2cm*2cm, with will be in the cystosepiment hole in cutting inserting step two, it is ensured that battalion is immersed in cutting bottom 2cm~4cm in nutrient solution;
Step 5, manages after inserting: after cuttage, build shade and shelter from heat or light cutting, and after cuttage, early stage uses rate of sheltering from heat or light Be 50% sunshade net shelter from heat or light, observe root of hair situation every day;
Step 6, upper basin manage: by band fruit seedling be transplanted into 15cm with a high standard, diameter 10cm equipped with cultivation matrix plastics In basin, after transplanting, every 5d waters a nitrogen-phosphorus-potassium compound fertilizer solution.In time having fruit to redden, it is finished product plant.
Further, in described step one, enter full-bloom stage, within every about 7~10 days, water and execute a nitrogen-phosphorus-potassium compound fertilizer, opening It is the chlorocholine chloride of 50mg/L that flower early stage and later stage of blooming spray a concentration respectively, shortens the interval of branch, uses 0.3%2, 4-D dips in flower to improve percentage of fertile fruit.
Further, described sticking device is 50cm*80cm*35cm plastic culture case, and thickness is 2cm polystyrene plastics bubble Foam plate;Cystosepiment is cut according to plastic culture case size, and presses the punching of 5cm*8cm seeding row spacing, aperture 0.5cm.
Further, described nutrient solution prescription is: nitrogen 10mg/L~20mg/L, phosphorus element 40mg/L~60mg/L, potassium element 60mg/L~80mg/L, calcium element 20mg/L~40mg/L, magnesium element 20mg/L~30mg/L, boron element 0.10mg/L~0.15mg/ L, zinc element 0.10mg/L~0.15mg/L, copper sulfate 0.10mg/L~0.15mg/L, thiophanate methyl 80mg/L~100mg/ L, p-chlorophenoxyacetic acid 10mg/L~20mg/L (anti-shedding).
Further, described each cutting have more than 8 fruits and fruit size reach final size 6~8 one-tenth, by cutting Top slightly cut off, Altitude control is 12~15cm.
Further, the sunshade net that after described cuttage, early stage uses the rate of sheltering from heat or light to be 50% shelters from heat or light, and observes root of hair feelings every day Condition, takes 11:00~15:00 at noon to shelter from heat or light after more than 80% cutting starts root of hair, and other times open wide, and every 5d changes once Water, during cutting root of hair more than 5, is seedling.
Further, described cultivation matrix effluent sand, loess, become thoroughly decomposed rice husk and Vermiculitum are according to the mixing of volume ratio 1:4:3:2 Become.
Further, described transplanting early stage uses shade net whole day to shelter from heat or light 50%, gradually transfers noon to depending on plant wilting situation 11:00~15:00 shelters from heat or light, and removes shade net the most completely and proceeds to Routine Management, and spraying a concentration is the chlorocholine chloride of 50mg/L.
The band floating cuttage of fruit that the present invention provides is cultivated small potted plant and is born fruit the method for auspicious fruit, solves potted plant Ji of bearing fruit Celebrating fruit cultivation period is long, the problem that cost is high.Cottage method is simple to operate for the band fruit that the present invention provides, convenient management, cycle are short, Survival rate is high, can cultivate potted plant of bearing fruit in a large number at short notice.The present invention uses the semi-lignified twig of band fruit to carry out skewer Insert, the potted plant auspicious fruit that bears fruit in a large number can be obtained at short notice, shorten cultivation cycle and reach more than 90d;Employing cystosepiment is floating The method of water cutting carries out nursery, it is simple to the auspicious fruit bowl of intensive cultivation is planted, it is not necessary to often water, and operational approach is easy, saves Great amount of cost;Utilizing the auspicious fruit bowl that the method for the present invention cultivates to plant plant type compact, erythrocarpus overworks end of the branch, through the winter not Falling, viewing period is long, is placed on desk or tea table, and implied meaning luckiness is celebrating, has higher ornamental value.It is easy to by test Drawing, the method for floating band fruit cuttage enters the early flowering season, the time of the best fruiting period and Fructus Pyracanthae phase the most relatively compare 1 and compares 2 and significantly carry Before, the production cycle is 95 days, shortens 40 days and 57 days than comparison 1 and comparison 2 respectively;The basin that the method for floating band fruit cuttage is cultivated Planting effective branch amount the most relatively compare 1 and compare more than 2 2.5 and 1.1, effective number the most relatively compares 1 and compares more than 2 2.7 With 1.3, appreciation effect is more excellent;The potted plant viewing period that floating band fruit cottage method is cultivated is longer by 46 than comparison 1 and comparison 2 respectively It and 55 days;The potted plant individual plant cost distribution that floating band fruit cottage method is cultivated is than comparison 1 and comparison 2 saving 0.85 and 0.97 Unit.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is that the band floating cuttage of fruit that the embodiment of the present invention provides is cultivated small potted plant and born fruit the method flow of auspicious fruit Figure.
Detailed description of the invention
In order to make the purpose of the present invention, technical scheme and advantage clearer, below in conjunction with embodiment, to the present invention It is further elaborated.Should be appreciated that specific embodiment described herein, only in order to explain the present invention, is not used to Limit the present invention.
Below in conjunction with the accompanying drawings the application principle of the present invention is explained in detail.
As it is shown in figure 1, the band fruit floating cuttage cultivation small potted plant of the embodiment of the present invention is born fruit, the method for auspicious fruit includes Following steps:
S101: cultivate stalwartness and bear fruit maternal plant: selects 2~3 years raw healthy and strong maternal plants, strengthen water and fertilizer management, it is ensured that illumination abundance, Pinching in good time, promotes plant multi-branched, increases setting fruit position;Enter full-bloom stage, within every about 7~10 days, water and execute an azophoska Hefei, phase and later stage of blooming spray a concentration respectively before flowering is the chlorocholine chloride of 50mg/L, shortens the interval of branch, adopts Flower is dipped in improve percentage of fertile fruit with 0.3%2,4-D;
S102: sticking device prepares: buying 50cm*80cm*35cm plastic culture case, thickness is 2cm polystyrene plastics Cystosepiment;Cystosepiment is cut according to plastic culture case size, and presses 5cm*8cm seeding row spacing punching (aperture 0.5cm).? Incubator adds the deep autogamy nutritional solution of 25cm, cystosepiment is placed in incubator;Nutrient solution prescription is: nitrogen 10~ 20mg/L, phosphorus element 40~60mg/L, potassium element 60~80mg/L, calcium element 20~40mg/L, magnesium element 20~30mg/L, boron element 0.10 ~0.15mg/L, zinc element 0.10~0.15mg/L, copper sulfate (suppression algae) 0.10~0.15mg/L, thiophanate methyl (kills Bacterium) 80~100mg/L, p-chlorophenoxyacetic acid (anti-shedding) 10~20mg/L;
S103: clip cutting: clip is given birth to health then and born fruit branch on healthy and strong maternal plant, it is ensured that each cutting have 8 with Upper fruit and fruit size reach final size 6~8 one-tenth, the top of cutting is slightly cut off, Altitude control is 12~15cm, and makes The minimum branch of each cutting is between 6~8cm;
S104: cuttage: the cutting got ready is soaked 0.5h in the naphthalene acid solution of 0.5%, wraps 2cm* after slightly drying Sponge thin slice square for 2cm, with will be in the cystosepiment hole in cutting inserting step S102, it is ensured that nutrition is immersed in cutting bottom 2cm~4cm in liquid;
S105: manage after Chaing: after cuttage, build shade and shelter from heat or light cutting, after cuttage, the early stage employing rate of sheltering from heat or light is The sunshade net of 50% shelters from heat or light, and observes root of hair situation every day, take after more than 80% cutting starts root of hair 11:00 at noon~ 15:00 shelters from heat or light, and other times open wide, and every 5d changes a water, during cutting root of hair more than 5, is seedling;
S106: upper basin management: band fruit seedling is transplanted into 15cm with a high standard, in the plastic tub of diameter 10cm, cultivation matrix Effluent sand, loess, become thoroughly decomposed rice husk and Vermiculitum mixes according to volume ratio 1:4:3:2, transplant early stage and use shade net whole day to hide Cloudy about 50%, gradually transfer 11:00~15:00 at noon to depending on plant wilting situation and shelter from heat or light, remove shade net the most completely and proceed to Routine Management, spraying a concentration is the chlorocholine chloride of 50mg/L.After transplanting, every 5d waters a nitrogen-phosphorus-potassium compound fertilizer solution.Treat fruit When consolidation is red, it is finished product plant.
Below in conjunction with specific embodiment, the application principle of the present invention is further described.
Embodiment 1
A, the healthy and strong maternal plant of cultivation: March 15 selected life healthy and strong auspicious fruit maternal plant 20 strain in 2~3 years, strengthened water and fertilizer management, really Guarantor's illumination is sufficient, in good time pinching, promotes plant multiple-limb, increases setting fruit position;April 10 entered the florescence, sprayed 50mg/L's Chlorocholine chloride, entered full-bloom stage April 20, and it is the chlorocholine chloride of 50mg/L that April 30 sprayed a concentration again, every about 7~10 days Watering and execute a nitrogen-phosphorus-potassium compound fertilizer, and use 0.3%2,4~D dip in flower to improve percentage of fertile fruit.
B, sticking device: buying 50cm*80cm*35cm plastic culture case, thickness is 2cm polystyrene plastics cystosepiment; Cystosepiment is cut according to plastic culture case size, and presses 5cm*8cm distance between rows and hills punching (aperture 0.5cm).At incubator Middle nutritional solution deep for addition 25cm, is placed in cystosepiment in incubator, and build the rack that shelters from heat or light (wide 1.5m, length can be adjusted simultaneously Joint).
C, clip cutting: clip on healthy and strong maternal plant was given birth to health then and born fruit branch May 20, it is ensured that each cutting has 8 Individual above fruit and fruit size reach final size 6~8 one-tenth, the top of each branch of cutting is slightly cut off, Altitude control exists 12~15cm, and make the minimum branch of each cutting between 4~6cm.
D, cuttage: the cutting just cut soaks 0.5h in the naphthalene acid solution of 0.5%, wraps 2cm* after slightly drying Sponge thin slice square for 2cm, with inserting in cystosepiment hole by cutting, it is ensured that cutting bottom immerse in nutritional solution 2cm~ 4cm, cutting is with cutting with inserting.
E, insert after manage: after cuttage, build shade and cutting sheltered from heat or light, within after cuttage 1~15 day, take whole day to shelter from heat or light About 50%, pay close attention to cutting root of hair situation, during 15d, more than 80% cutting starts root of hair, hereafter take 11:00 at noon~ 15:00 shelters from heat or light, and other times open wide, and every 5d changes a water, during 22d during the average root of hair of cutting more than 5, can transplant.
F, upper basin manage: band fruit seedling is transplanted into 15cm with a high standard by May 15, in the plastic tub of diameter 10cm, and cultivation Substrate effluent sand, loess, becoming thoroughly decomposed rice husk and Vermiculitum mixes according to volume ratio 1:4:3:2, the front 5d after transplanting uses and shelters from heat or light Net whole day shelters from heat or light about 50%, takes 11:00~15:00 at rear noon to shelter from heat or light after transplanting 5d, and other times open wide, transplant 10d with After remove shade net and proceed to Routine Management.5d after transplanting, every 5d water the thinnest nitrogen-phosphorus-potassium compound fertilizer solution.June 10 is left The right side, when reddening wait there being fruit to start, gets final product list marketing.
Embodiment 2
A, the healthy and strong maternal plant of cultivation: rose June 20 and continue to cultivate by healthy and strong for 20 strains in example 1 auspicious fruit maternal plants, reinforcement water Fertile management, it is ensured that illumination is sufficient, in good time pinching, promotes plant multiple-limb, increases setting fruit position;Entered full-bloom stage, spray on July 1 Executing a concentration is the chlorocholine chloride of 50mg/L, within every about 7~10 days, waters and executes a nitrogen-phosphorus-potassium compound fertilizer, and uses 0.3%2,4-D Dip in flower to improve percentage of fertile fruit.
B, sticking device: buying 50cm*80cm*35cm plastic culture case, thickness is 2cm polystyrene plastics cystosepiment; Cystosepiment is cut according to plastic culture case size, and presses 5cm*8cm distance between rows and hills punching (aperture 0.5cm).At incubator Middle nutritional solution deep for addition 25cm, is placed in cystosepiment in incubator, and build the rack that shelters from heat or light (wide 1.5m, length can be adjusted simultaneously Joint).
C, clip cutting: clip on healthy and strong maternal plant was given birth to health then and born fruit branch August 1, it is ensured that each cutting has 8 Above fruit and fruit size reach final size 6~8 one-tenth, the top of each branch of cutting is slightly cut off, Altitude control is 12 ~15cm, and make the minimum branch of each cutting between 4~6cm.
D, cuttage: the cutting just cut soaks 0.5h in the naphthalene acid solution of 0.5%, wraps 2cm* after slightly drying Sponge thin slice square for 2cm, with inserting in cystosepiment hole by cutting, it is ensured that cutting bottom immerse in nutritional solution 2cm~ 4cm, cutting is with cutting with inserting.
E, insert after manage: after cuttage, build shade and cutting sheltered from heat or light, within after cuttage 1-18 days, take whole day to shelter from heat or light About 50%, pay close attention to cutting root of hair situation, during 18d, more than 80% cutting starts to take root, and hereafter takes 11:00-15 at noon: 00 shelters from heat or light, and other times open wide, and every 5d changes a water, during 24d during the average root of hair of cutting more than 5, can transplant.
F, upper basin manage: band fruit seedling is transplanted into 15cm with a high standard by August 25, in the plastic tub of diameter 10cm, and cultivation Substrate effluent sand, loess, become thoroughly decomposed rice husk and Vermiculitum mixes according to volume ratio 1:4:3:2, transplant the aqueous situation of backsight substrate, Front 5d after transplanting for every 1-2 days uses shade net whole day to shelter from heat or light about 50%, takes 11:00-15:00 at rear noon to hide after transplanting 5d The moon, other times open wide, and remove shade net and proceed to Routine Management after transplanting 10d, and spraying a concentration is the short strong of 50mg/kg Element.5d after transplanting, every 5d water the thinnest nitrogen-phosphorus-potassium compound fertilizer solution.JIUYUE about 20 days is in time having fruit to start to redden, i.e. Can list marketing.
Below in conjunction with contrast test, the application effect of the present invention is explained in detail.
Carry out floating cottage breeding and the comparative test of planting seed cultivation, carry out with embodiment 1, with floating cuttage simultaneously Cultivating method is process 1, cultivates with planting seed not pinch and pushes up as compareing 1 (CK1), cultivates with planting seed and pinch top for compareing 2 (CK2), comparing the cultivation period of three kinds of breeding methods, appreciation effect and production cost, three kinds of implantation methods respectively cultivate 1000 basins. Analysis result is shown in Table 1, and the method for floating band fruit cuttage enters time of early flowering season, the best fruiting period and Fructus Pyracanthae phase and the most relatively compares 1 and right Significantly shifting to an earlier date according to 2, the production cycle is 95 days, shortens 40 days and 57 days than comparison 1 and comparison 2 respectively;The side of floating band fruit cuttage Potted plant effective branch amount that method is cultivated the most relatively compares 1 and compares more than 2 2.5 and 1.1, and effective number the most relatively compares 1 He Compareing more than 2 2.7 and 1.3, appreciation effect is more excellent;The potted plant viewing period that floating band fruit cottage method is cultivated is respectively than comparison 1 Grow 46 days and 55 days with comparison 2;The potted plant individual plant cost distribution that floating band fruit cottage method is cultivated is than comparison 1 and comparison 2 joint Save 0.85 and 0.97 yuan.
The cultivation period of the different type of rearing of table 1 compares
Breeding method Sowing/cuttage the date Early flowering season The best fruiting period The Fructus Pyracanthae phase Production cycle Time (my god)
Process 1 3.15 4.20 5.20 6.10 3.15-6.10 95
Comparison 1 3.15 6.05 7.08 7.26 3.15-7.26 135
Comparison 2 3.15 6.29 7.27 8.17 3.15-8.05 152
Appreciation effect and the viewing period of the different type of rearing of table 2 compare
The cost of the different type of rearing of table 3 compares
Breeding method Means of agricultural production cost (unit/strain) Recruitment cost (unit/strain) Totle drilling cost (unit/strain)
Process 1 1.35 1.01 2.36
Comparison 1 1.67 1.54 3.21
Comparison 2 1.67 1.66 3.33
The foregoing is only presently preferred embodiments of the present invention, not in order to limit the present invention, all essences in the present invention Any amendment, equivalent and the improvement etc. made within god and principle, should be included within the scope of the present invention.

Claims (8)

1. the floating cuttage of band fruit is cultivated small potted plant and is born fruit the method for auspicious fruit, it is characterised in that the described band floating skewer of fruit Insert and cultivate the bear fruit method of auspicious fruit of small potted plant and comprise the following steps:
Step one, cultivates stalwartness and bears fruit maternal plant: selects 2~3 years raw stalwartness maternal plants, pinching;
Step 2, sticking device is plastic culture case, adds the deep nutritional solution of 25cm, cystosepiment is placed in cultivation in incubator In case;
Step 3, clip cutting: clip is given birth to health then and born fruit branch on healthy and strong maternal plant, is slightly cut off on the top of cutting, makes every The minimum branch of individual cutting is 6~8cm;
Step 4, cuttage: the cutting got ready is soaked 0.5h in the naphthalene acid solution of 0.5%, wraps 2cm*2cm after slightly drying Square sponge thin slice, with will be in the cystosepiment hole in cutting inserting step two, it is ensured that cutting bottom is immersed in nutritional solution 2cm~4cm;
Step 5, manages after inserting: after cuttage, build shade and shelter from heat or light cutting, and after cuttage, the early stage employing rate of sheltering from heat or light is The sunshade net of 50% shelters from heat or light, and observes root of hair situation every day;
Step 6, upper basin manages: is transplanted in the cultivation matrix plastic tub of 15cm with a high standard, diameter 10cm by band fruit seedling, moves After cultivation, every 5d waters a nitrogen-phosphorus-potassium compound fertilizer solution, in time having fruit to redden, is finished product plant.
2. the band floating cuttage of fruit as claimed in claim 1 is cultivated small potted plant and is born fruit the method for auspicious fruit, it is characterised in that institute State in step one, enter full-bloom stage, within every 7~10 days, water and execute a nitrogen-phosphorus-potassium compound fertilizer, before flowering phase and later stage difference of blooming Spraying a concentration is the chlorocholine chloride of 50mg/L, shortens the interval of branch, uses 0.3%2, and 4-D dips in flower.
3. the band floating cuttage of fruit as claimed in claim 1 is cultivated small potted plant and is born fruit the method for auspicious fruit, it is characterised in that institute Stating sticking device is 50cm*80cm*35cm plastic culture case, and thickness is 2cm polystyrene plastics cystosepiment;By cystosepiment according to Plastic culture case size is cut, and presses the punching of 5cm*8cm seeding row spacing, aperture 0.5cm.
4. the band floating cuttage of fruit as claimed in claim 1 is cultivated small potted plant and is born fruit the method for auspicious fruit, it is characterised in that institute Stating nutritional solution is: nitrogen 10mg/L~20mg/L, phosphorus element 40mg/L~60mg/L, potassium element 60mg/L~80mg/L, calcium element 20mg/ L~40mg/L, magnesium element 20mg/L~30mg/L, boron element 0.10mg/L~0.15mg/L, zinc element 0.10mg/L~0.15mg/ L, copper sulfate 0.10mg/L~0.15mg/L, thiophanate methyl 80mg/L~100mg/L, p-chlorophenoxyacetic acid 10mg/L~ 20mg/L。
5. the band floating cuttage of fruit as claimed in claim 1 is cultivated small potted plant and is born fruit the method for auspicious fruit, it is characterised in that institute State each cutting have more than 8 fruits and fruit size reach final size 6~8 one-tenth, the top of cutting is slightly cut off, height exist 12~15cm.
6. the band floating cuttage of fruit as claimed in claim 1 is cultivated small potted plant and is born fruit the method for auspicious fruit, it is characterised in that institute The sunshade net that after stating cuttage, early stage uses the rate of sheltering from heat or light to be 50% shelters from heat or light, and observes root of hair situation every day, treats more than 80% cutting Taking 11:00~15:00 at noon to shelter from heat or light after starting root of hair, other times open wide, and every 5d changes a water, cutting root of hair more than 5 Time, it is seedling.
7. the band floating cuttage of fruit as claimed in claim 1 is cultivated small potted plant and is born fruit the method for auspicious fruit, it is characterised in that institute State cultivation matrix effluent sand, loess, become thoroughly decomposed rice husk and Vermiculitum mixes according to volume ratio 1:4:3:2.
8. the band floating cuttage of fruit as claimed in claim 1 is cultivated small potted plant and is born fruit the method for auspicious fruit, it is characterised in that institute Stating transplanting early stage uses shade net whole day to shelter from heat or light 50%, gradually transfers 11:00~15:00 at noon to depending on plant wilting situation and shelters from heat or light, Finally removing shade net completely proceeds to Routine Management, and spraying a concentration is the chlorocholine chloride of 50mg/L.
CN201610644221.1A 2016-08-08 2016-08-08 The floating cuttage of fruit of a kind of band is cultivated small potted plant and is born fruit the method for auspicious fruit Pending CN106258880A (en)

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN108738780A (en) * 2018-06-21 2018-11-06 江苏沿江地区农业科学研究所 A kind of American red-maple incubator hardwood cuttage method

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Application publication date: 20170104