CN106258125A - A kind of portable jasmine intelligence cuttage machine - Google Patents

A kind of portable jasmine intelligence cuttage machine Download PDF

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Publication number
CN106258125A
CN106258125A CN201610651591.8A CN201610651591A CN106258125A CN 106258125 A CN106258125 A CN 106258125A CN 201610651591 A CN201610651591 A CN 201610651591A CN 106258125 A CN106258125 A CN 106258125A
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China
Prior art keywords
stem
send
slotting
plate
motor
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Granted
Application number
CN201610651591.8A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN106258125B (en
Inventor
葛成燕
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Sheyang Fangyuan Machinery Factory
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Anqing Blue Coral Ecological Agriculture Science And Technology Co Ltd
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Priority to CN201610651591.8A priority Critical patent/CN106258125B/en
Publication of CN106258125A publication Critical patent/CN106258125A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN106258125B publication Critical patent/CN106258125B/en
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01CPLANTING; SOWING; FERTILISING
    • A01C14/00Methods or apparatus for planting not provided for in other groups of this subclass

Abstract

The present invention relates to agricultural mechanical field, specifically a kind of portable jasmine intelligence cuttage machine, including fuselage, running gear, cut stem device, send stem device, drilling equipment, insert stem device and photographic head;Described running gear is positioned at underbelly, and described stem device of cutting is positioned on the left of fuselage upper end, and the described stem device that send runs through fuselage upper end, and described drilling equipment is positioned at fuselage afterbody, and described slotting stem device is positioned at drilling equipment rear;Described front end, top board lower surface is mounted on photographic head in the rotating disk of cutting mechanism.A kind of portable jasmine cuttage machine of the present invention, it can be to the automatic shearing of jasmine, transport and automatic drilling and seedlings plugging, and whole course integration operates, practical.

Description

A kind of portable jasmine intelligence cuttage machine
Technical field
The present invention relates to agricultural mechanical field, a kind of portable jasmine intelligence cuttage machine.
Background technology
The Flos Jasmini Sambac India from original producton location introduces Subtropic of China, Temperate Region in China plantation, existing nearly bimillennium history, its institute The environmental condition at place is very different with original producton location, and gynoecium, staminody, ateliosis cause being difficult to set seeds.Therefore, In China, do not breed Flos Jasmini Sambac with seed.But jasmine regeneration capacity is strong, breeding all use vegetative method Breeding, main method has cottage propagation, small part mound layering, division propagation etc..
Wherein, cuttage technique main points are:
1. cutting selects
Cuttings quality is to ensure that jasmine cuttage root-taking, improves the key of survival rate.One to be intended to growth selection vigorous without disease pest The improved seeds maternal plant of evil;Two to be intended to the Basal nutrition of branch good, and therefore cutting to select branch sturdy, that vitality is strong, Ask diameter at the annual shoot of 5~8mm, be preferably the branch after poppyhead is open the most then.The old branch of more than 1 year, cortex wooden Change degree is higher, takes root more difficult.Cutting has been cut into 3~5 buds about 8~12cm length, and cardinal extremity is tiltedly cut away from saving following about 2cm, Top is at the above straight snips of nodal bud.2~3 pairs of leaves are stayed on cutting top, and partial leaflet is cut in contracting, and radical leaves is the most all cut.
2. urge root to process
Dip cutting base portion 3 with ABT root-inducing powder and carbendazim before cuttage~process for 5 minutes, stimulating cell division, promote more Injured tissue is formed, and eliminates pathogenic bacteria, reaches fast root of hair, many root of hairs, improves the survival rate of cuttage.
3. cuttage
Accomplish as far as possible with beta pruning, with processing, with cuttage.Skin zone must not be injured during cuttage, the most first use small wood Or on slotting machine, insert out a duck eye with finger, then cutting is put into hole.The cuttage degree of depth is the 1/2 to 2/3 of cutting length.Insert It is compacted with hands offices and men afterwards, waters the most permeable, make cutting combine closely with soil.Make sure to keep in mind not insert by cutting.
4. manage after inserting
1. arching canopy, lid sunshade net.Plastic greenhouse scalable soil and the temperature and humidity of air, sunshade net can prevent sunlight Direct projection, reduces temperature.The light transmittance of sunshade net is advisable with 20% to 30%.Except on top, seedbed in addition to covered with sunshade net, also will be The east in seedbed, west side curtain shading, to reduce sunlight irradiation sooner or later, in addition to covered with sunshade net, also can water water for cooling and ventilation Cooling.
2. water.Cuttage early stage, cutting is not yet sprouted blade, is supplied water unsuitable too many, within general 7 to 10 days, water once. After one month, fringe bar starts to take root, take out the tip, and water consumption is gradually increased, and answers 3 to 5 days and waters once.Irrigation amount should according to soil moisture and Air humidity is determined, and accomplishes soil dry-wet appropriateness.
3. fertilising.Cutting fertilizer requirement is little, has executed base manure when whole ground, therefore has executed without soil again before becoming transplantation of seedlings Fertilizer, but foliage dressing to be carried out.I.e. after cuttage one month, every two weeks is in turn with 0.3% carbamide liquid fertilizer and the phosphoric acid of 0.2% Potassium dihydrogen liquid fertilizer carries out a foliage dressing, with hestening rooting.
4. weeding.To pull out the weeds in slotting machine in time, but not move Seedling.
5. seedling exercising.Nursery stock took root after half a year, and it ventilates and light application time proper extension, to improve nursery stock adaptation external rings The ability in border.
In prior art, the cuttage for jasmine is still by manually operating, when high-volume jasmine is carried out by needs During cuttage, then there is inefficiency, increase labor strength, increase the defects such as cost of labor, so, being now badly in need of one can Carry out the equipment of the automatic cuttage of jasmine.
Summary of the invention
In order to make up the deficiencies in the prior art, heretofore described a kind of portable jasmine intelligence cuttage machine, it can Automatic shearing, transport and automatic drilling and seedlings plugging to jasmine, automaticity is high.
The technical solution adopted for the present invention to solve the technical problems is: a kind of portable jasmine intelligence cuttage machine, including Fuselage, running gear, cut stem device, send stem device, drilling equipment, insert stem device and photographic head;Described running gear is positioned at Underbelly, described stem device of cutting is positioned on the left of fuselage upper end, and the described stem device that send runs through fuselage upper end, described boring Device is positioned at fuselage afterbody, and described slotting stem device is positioned at drilling equipment rear.
Described fuselage includes top board, a pair collateral plate being vertically connected in the left and right sides, top board lower surface and consolidates respectively It is connected in a pair wheel carrier of two collateral plate lower ends;
Described running gear includes drivewheel, driven pulley, crawler belt, decelerator and movable motor;Described drivewheel peace Being contained in wheel carrier anterior, described driven pulley is arranged on wheel carrier rear portion, and being connected between described drivewheel and driven pulley has crawler belt, institute It is anterior that the decelerator stated is arranged on wheel carrier, and described movable motor is arranged on decelerator upper end, described decelerator one end and row Walking motor to be connected, the decelerator other end is connected with drivewheel;During work, movable motor work drives decelerator work, enters And drive drivewheel to move, drivewheel motion and then drive crawler travel, thus drive mass motion of the present invention.
Described cut stem device, drilling equipment all include mobile main body with slotting stem device, and described each mobile main body is all wrapped Including sliding panel, belt conveyor and conveying motor, described belt conveyor is arranged on sliding panel by cylinder, and belt conveyor edge Sliding panel is arranged vertically at inside sliding panel from top to bottom, and described conveying motor is connected with the cylinder on belt conveyor top;
Described stem device of cutting also includes mobile motor, mobile screw, mobile belt wheel, mobile belt, cuts stem slide plate, determines stem Mechanism and cutting mechanism;Described each mobile motor is arranged on the top board upper surface of fuselage, described mobile screw along fuselage from Being horizontally arranged on the right side of top board lower surface from left to right, described mobile motor and mobile screw one end are mounted on mobile belt wheel, Be connected by mobile belt between described mobile belt wheel, described in cut stem device sliding panel be vertically installed at mobile screw On, described stem slide plate of cutting is arranged on the belt conveyor cutting stem device, and during work, mobile motor works to pass through mobile belt Driving mobile belt wheel to rotate, and then drive mobile screw to rotate, mobile screw rotarily drives the translation of sliding panel left and right, meanwhile, defeated The work of power transmission machine drives belt conveyor to move up and down, and conveying electric machine main shaft can carry out rotating.Described Ding Jing mechanism includes fixed Stem push rod, determine stem inflator, determine stem connecting rod, determine stem gas storehouse and a pair folder stem air bag;Described determine stem push rod and be horizontally arranged at and cut stem Slide plate top, described stem push rod front end embedding of determining is determined in stem inflator, and described stem connecting rod one end of determining is fixedly connected with determining stem inflator, Determining the stem connecting rod other end to be fixedly connected with cutting stem slide plate, described stem gas storehouse of determining is cube cavity, and described determines stem gas storehouse with fixed Stem inflator is connected, and a pair described folder stem air bag is connected with determining stem gas storehouse, and described folder stem air bag is quality of rubber materials;Work Time, belt conveyor up and down motion drive is cut stem slide plate and is moved up and down, under the work of mobile main body, cut stem device entirety can more than Lower motion and side-to-side movement, when cutting at the jasmine plant that stem device moves to need to shear, under original state, at folder stem air bag In negative pressure contraction state, first, Ding Jing mechanism works, and by cutting the overall motion of stem device, the branch needing to shear is positioned at Between a pair folder stem air bag, then, determine stem push rod to stretch out and determine stem inflator and the air determined in stem gas storehouse with compression, so that press from both sides Stem air bag is in malleation and heaves state, thus presss from both sides the branch upper end that the clamping of stem air bag needs to shear.
Described cutting mechanism is positioned at below Ding Jing mechanism, and cutting mechanism includes determining plate, dynamic plate, end dynamic air cylinder, shearing electricity Machine, rotating disk, clamping plate, lower cutter, upper slitter and shearing cylinder;Described determine plate and be connected in and cut stem slide plate bottom, described dynamic plate position In determining on the left of plate, described end dynamic air cylinder quantity is three, dynamic air cylinder one end at the bottom of three all with to determine cricket hinged, dynamic air cylinder at the bottom of three The other end is all hinged with dynamic cricket, determines plate, dynamic plate and end dynamic air cylinder composition closed loop parallel institution, and described shear motor is arranged on Dynamic plate right side, described rotating disk is positioned on the left of dynamic plate, and rotating disk is connected with shear motor main shaft, described clamping plate level Being connected in the middle part of rotating disk, described lower cutter is fixedly connected with clamping plate, and described upper slitter is hinged with lower cutter, described shearing cylinder It is positioned horizontally in below clamping plate, and shearing cylinder one end is fixedly connected with rotating disk, shears the cylinder other end and is hinged with upper slitter bottom; During work, the jasmine plant upper end sheared will be needed to clamp by Ding Jing mechanism, then cutting mechanism work, dynamic air cylinder at the bottom of three Flexible drive moves plate arbitrary motion, and meanwhile, shear motor work drives rotating disk to rotate, thus by the fortune of dynamic plate Yu rotating disk Dynamic to need its shearing point of jasmine branch sheared between upper slitter and lower cutter, then, shear cylinder and shrink so that on Swivel moves, and then is sheared jasmine branch by the shear action of upper slitter with lower cutter, when needing to carry out the jasmine branch of cuttage After bar is sheared down, then by Ding Jing mechanism, above-mentioned branch is delivered on stem device;Then said process is repeated to incite somebody to action The jasmine branch meeting Cutting conditions on whole jasmine plant all shear offs.The described effect cutting stem device is for by jasmine The branch meeting Cutting conditions in whole strain shear offs, and delivers to stem device by shear off.
Described stem device is sent to include sending stem conveyer belt, send stem motor, send stem belt wheel, send peel of stem band and Song Jing mechanism;Institute State send stem conveyer belt to include a zone, two zone and intermediate zone, the described stem conveyer belt that send are installed under the top plate by cylinder End face, a described zone is vertically installed on the left of top board front end, and two described zone are vertically installed in the middle part of top board rear end, institute The intermediate zone stated connects a zone and two zone, and the described stem motor that send is arranged on top board;Send stem electric machine main shaft and a zone It is mounted on sending stem belt wheel on left hand roller, respectively send to connect between stem belt wheel and send peel of stem band;Described Song Jing mechanism includes U-shaped Connecting plate, send stem push rod, send stem inflator, send stem connecting rod, send stem gas storehouse and send stem air bag for a pair;Described U-shaped connecting plate with give It is connected by bolt between stem conveyer belt, described send stem push rod to be uniformly arranged on by U-shaped connecting plate to send on stem conveyer belt, Described send stem push rod front end to embed and send stem inflator in, described send stem connecting rod one end and send stem inflator and be fixedly connected with, sending stem connecting rod The other end is fixedly connected with U-shaped connecting plate lower surface, and described stem gas storehouse of sending is cube cavity, and described send stem gas storehouse and send stem Inflator is connected, and described a pair send stem air bag and send stem gas storehouse and be connected, and described U-shaped connecting plate is rubber with sending stem air bag Glue material;During work, first, after jasmine branch is sheared, the effect by mobile main body of the stem device is cut by jasmine What branch delivered to stem device send for a pair between stem air bag, then, determines stem push rod and does contractile motion so that folder stem air bag is in Negative pressure contraction state, and, send stem push rod to stretch out so that sending stem air bag to be in malleation heave state, thus jasmine branch is sent Stem device is cut in stem gear grips and disengaging, then, send the work of stem motor to make respectively to send stem belt wheel to rotate, and then drive send stem to pass Sending band to move, under top view visual angle, described send stem conveyer belt for rotating counterclockwise, in the rotary motion sending stem conveyer belt Under, Song Jing mechanism carries jasmine branch and moves on rear side of fuselage.
Described drilling equipment also includes hole slide plate, bore motor and drilling rod;Described boring slide plate includes that boring is main Plate, boring riser and boring transverse slat, described boring mainboard is arranged on the belt conveyor of drilling equipment, described boring riser Top is fixedly connected with boring mainboard, and described boring transverse slat level is connected in bottom boring riser, and boring transverse slat is perpendicular with boring Being provided with floor between plate, described bore motor is arranged on boring transverse slat upper surface, and drilling rod is positioned at boring transverse slat lower surface, and Bore motor main shaft is connected with drilling rod, and described two zone respectively send stem air bag all directly over drilling rod;Drilling equipment Sliding panel is connected in the top board lower surface of fuselage, and during work, boring mainboard moves up and down with the belt conveyor of drilling equipment, works as brill After hole mainboard moves to correct position, bore motor work drives drilling rod to rotate, during drilling rod rotates, and mainboard band of holing The dynamic hole riser that turns synchronizes downward translation, thus drives drilling rod to synchronize to move downward, thus realizes the boring to ground.
Described slotting stem device also includes inserting stem slide plate, inserting stem push rod, slotting stem inflator, slotting stem gas storehouse and insert stem gas for a pair Capsule;Described slotting stem slide plate includes inserting stem mainboard and slotting stem riser, and described slotting stem mainboard is arranged on the conveying skin of slotting stem device On band, described slotting stem riser top is fixedly connected with slotting stem mainboard, has been horizontally disposed with middle supporting plate, institute in the middle part of described slotting stem riser The slotting stem push rod stated vertically is connected in middle supporting plate lower surface, and described slotting stem push rod lower end embeds inserts in stem inflator, and described inserts Stem gas storehouse is cube cavity, and described slotting stem gas storehouse is connected with slotting stem inflator, and slotting stem gas storehouse is connected on slotting stem riser, Described a pair is inserted stem air bag and is connected with slotting stem gas storehouse, and described slotting stem air bag is quality of rubber materials;Insert the slip of stem device Plate is connected in the top board lower surface of fuselage, when Song Jing mechanism carry jasmine branch move to insert at stem device time, insert stem mainboard with Insert stem device belt conveyor move up and down so that be positioned on slotting stem riser insert for a pair stem air bag parcel jasmine branch, then, Insert stem push rod to do and stretch out motion and make to insert stem air bag and be in malleation and heave state, and send stem push rod to do contractile motion to make to send stem gas Capsule is in negative pressure contraction state, send stem device to enter slotting stem device so that jasmine branch departs from, then inserts stem device Insert stem slide plate to move downward to insert in the ground hole that drilling equipment is pierced the jasmine branch on slotting stem air bag, thus realize Cuttage to jasmine branch, then makes slotting stem push rod do contractile motion and makes slotting stem air bag be in negative pressure contraction state, so that Stem device must be inserted and depart from cuttage branch;By the repetition of above-mentioned steps, it is achieved send the cuttage of jasmine branch on stem device to whole.
Photographic head it is mounted in the rotating disk of described front end, top board lower surface and cutting mechanism, thus operator's energy Enough by the image information of photographic head real-time typing, the present invention is carried out distant control, it is achieved to cutting at a distance of jasmine branch Cut, and be difficult to make jasmine be rolled during the present invention walks.
Preferably, described determine stem push rod, send stem push rod and slotting stem push rod to be pen type electric pushrod, pen type electric pushrod Reduction is conducive to cut stem device, send stem device and the volume of slotting stem device.
Beneficial effect:
(1) a kind of portable jasmine intelligence cuttage machine of the present invention, its cut stem device be capable of to jasmine branch from Move and shear, and the design determining stem device makes the present invention be difficult to rock with external force in jasmine branch shear history so that cut Cut position more accurate, and the cutting mechanism of the present invention uses the structure design of parallel-connection structure so that upper slitter can be flexibly with lower cutter Motion, carries out jasmine branch shearing at node accurately, and the shearing to blade.
(2) a kind of portable jasmine intelligence cuttage machine of the present invention, it cuts stem device and is mounted on photographic head on fuselage, Thus staff can carry out, by the image of photographic head real-time Transmission, the motion that the distant control present invention is overall, and cut stem The accurate shearing of device, thus in hot weather, operator can carry out cuttage behaviour to large area jasmine in the cool Make, very hommization.
(3) a kind of portable jasmine intelligence cuttage machine of the present invention, its Ding Jing mechanism, the equal energy of Song Jing mechanism and Cha Jing mechanism Enough realize the gripping to cuttage branch and disengaging, flexibly and easily, simple in construction by the stretching motion of pen type electric pushrod.
(4) a kind of portable jasmine intelligence cuttage machine of the present invention, its drilling equipment and slotting stem device cooperating so that Branch under being sheared can be automatically inserted in soil, time saving and energy saving, and automaticity is high.
(5) a kind of portable jasmine intelligence cuttage machine of the present invention, its can to the automatic shearing of jasmine, transport and from Dynamic boring and seedlings plugging, whole course integration operates, practical.
Accompanying drawing explanation
The present invention is further described with embodiment below in conjunction with the accompanying drawings.
Fig. 1 is the overall structure schematic diagram of the present invention;
Fig. 2 is another visual angle schematic diagram of Fig. 1;
Fig. 3 is the top view of the present invention;
Fig. 4 is the schematic diagram of fuselage of the present invention and running gear;
Fig. 5 is the C-C direction sectional view of Fig. 3;
Fig. 6 is the overall schematic that the present invention cuts stem device;
Fig. 7 is the cutting mechanism structural representation that the present invention cuts stem device;
Fig. 8 is the partial schematic diagram that the present invention sees from the bottom up;
Fig. 9 is enlarged drawing at the A of Fig. 1;
Figure 10 is the overall schematic of drilling equipment of the present invention;
Figure 11 is the overall schematic that the present invention inserts stem device;
In figure: fuselage 1, top board 11, collateral plate 12, wheel carrier 13, running gear 2, drivewheel 21, driven pulley 22, crawler belt 23, Decelerator 24, movable motor 25, cut stem device 3, mobile motor 31, mobile screw 32, mobile belt wheel 33, mobile belt 34, cut Stem slide plate 35, Ding Jing mechanism 36, determine stem push rod 361, determine stem inflator 362, determine stem connecting rod 363, determine stem gas storehouse 364, folder stem air bag 365, cutting mechanism 37, determine plate 371, dynamic plate 372, end dynamic air cylinder 373, shear motor 374, rotating disk 375, clamping plate 376, lower cutter 377, upper slitter 378, shear cylinder 379, send stem device 4, send stem conveyer belt 41, zone 411, two zone 412, intermediate zone 413, Send stem motor 42, send stem belt wheel 43, send peel of stem band 44, Song Jing mechanism 45, U-shaped connecting plate 451, send stem push rod 452, send stem inflator 453, send stem connecting rod 454, send stem gas storehouse 455, send stem air bag 456, drilling equipment 6, boring slide plate 61, boring mainboard 611, boring Riser 612, boring transverse slat 613, bore motor 62, drilling rod 63, slotting stem device 7, slotting stem slide plate 71, slotting stem mainboard 711, slotting stem erect Plate 712, middle supporting plate 713, slotting stem push rod 72, slotting stem inflator 73, slotting stem gas storehouse 74, slotting stem air bag 75, photographic head 9, mobile main body 10, sliding panel 101, belt conveyor 102, conveying motor 103.
Detailed description of the invention
For the technological means making the present invention realize, creation characteristic, reach purpose and be easy to understand with effect, below knot Close embodiment, the present invention is expanded on further.
As shown in Figure 1, Figure 2, shown in Fig. 3, Fig. 4, Fig. 5, Fig. 6, Fig. 7, Fig. 8, Fig. 9, Figure 10 and Figure 11, one of the present invention Portable jasmine intelligence cuttage machine, including fuselage 1, running gear 2, cuts stem device 3, send stem device 4, drilling equipment 6, inserts stem dress Put 7 and photographic head 9;Described running gear 2 is positioned at fuselage 1 bottom, and described stem device 3 of cutting is positioned on the left of fuselage 1 upper end, institute The stem device 4 that send stated runs through fuselage 1 upper end, and described drilling equipment 6 is positioned at fuselage 1 rear portion, and described slotting stem device 7 is positioned at brill Aperture apparatus 6 rear.
Described fuselage 1 include top board 11, be vertically connected in a pair collateral plate 12 of the left and right sides, top board 11 lower surface with And it is respectively fixedly connected with a pair wheel carrier 13 two collateral plate 12 lower ends;
Described running gear 2 includes drivewheel 21, driven pulley 22, crawler belt 23, decelerator 24 and movable motor 25;Described Drivewheel 21 to be arranged on wheel carrier 13 anterior, described driven pulley 22 is arranged on wheel carrier 13 rear portion, described drivewheel 21 with from Connecting between driving wheel 22 and have crawler belt 23, described decelerator 24 to be arranged on wheel carrier 13 front portion, described movable motor 25 is arranged on Decelerator 24 upper end, described decelerator 24 one end is connected with movable motor 25, decelerator 24 other end and drivewheel 21 phase Connect;During work, movable motor 25 work drives decelerator 24 to work, and then drives drivewheel 21 to move, and drivewheel 21 moves And then drive crawler belt 23 to walk, thus drive mass motion of the present invention.
Described cut stem device 3, drilling equipment 6 all include mobile main body 10, described each mobile main body with slotting stem device 7 10 all include sliding panel 101, belt conveyor 102 and conveying motor 103, and described belt conveyor 102 is arranged on cunning by cylinder On dynamic plate 101, and belt conveyor 102 is arranged vertically at inside sliding panel 101 along sliding panel 101 from top to bottom, described conveying Motor 103 is connected with the cylinder on belt conveyor 102 top;
Described stem device 3 of cutting also includes mobile motor 31, mobile screw 32, mobile belt wheel 33, mobile belt 34, cuts stem Slide plate 35, Ding Jing mechanism 36 and cutting mechanism 37;Described each mobile motor 31 is arranged on top board 11 upper surface of fuselage 1, institute The mobile screw 32 stated is horizontally arranged on the right side of top board 11 lower surface along fuselage 1 from left to right, described mobile motor 31 and shifting Dynamic screw rod 32 one end is mounted on mobile belt wheel 33, is connected by mobile belt 34 between described mobile belt wheel 33, described Cut stem device 3 sliding panel 101 be vertically installed on mobile screw 32, described stem slide plate 35 of cutting is arranged on and cuts stem device 3 Belt conveyor 102 on, during work, mobile motor 31 works to drive mobile belt wheel 33 to rotate by mobile belt 34, and then Driving mobile screw 32 to rotate, mobile screw 32 rotarily drives sliding panel about 101 translation, meanwhile, carries motor 103 work strip Dynamic belt conveyor 102 moves up and down, and conveying motor 103 main shaft can carry out rotating.Described Ding Jing mechanism 36 includes that determining stem pushes away Bar 361, determine stem inflator 362, determine stem connecting rod 363, determine stem gas storehouse 364 and a pair folder stem air bag 365;Described determines stem push rod 361 Being horizontally arranged at and cut stem slide plate 35 top, described stem push rod 361 front end embedding of determining is determined in stem inflator 362, and described determines stem even Bar 363 one end is fixedly connected with determining stem inflator 362, determines stem connecting rod 363 other end and is fixedly connected with cutting stem slide plate 35, and described determines stem gas Storehouse 364 is cube cavity, and described stem gas storehouse 364 of determining is connected with determining stem inflator 362, a pair described folder stem air bag 365 Being connected with determining stem gas storehouse 364, described folder stem air bag 365 is quality of rubber materials;During work, belt conveyor 102 moves up and down and carries Dynamic cut stem slide plate 35 and move up and down, under the work of mobile main body 10, cut stem device 3 entirety and can move up and down and left and right fortune Dynamic, when cutting at the jasmine plant that stem device 3 moves to need to shear, under original state, folder stem air bag 365 is in negative pressure and shrinks State, first, Ding Jing mechanism 36 works, and the branch needing to shear by cutting the motion of stem device 3 entirety make is positioned at a pair folder Between stem air bag 365, then, determine stem push rod 361 and stretch out to compress the air determined stem inflator 362 with determine in stem gas storehouse 364, thus Make folder stem air bag 365 be in malleation and heave state, thus press from both sides the branch upper end that stem air bag 365 clamping needs to shear.
Described cutting mechanism 37 is positioned at below Ding Jing mechanism 36, and cutting mechanism 37 includes determining plate 371, dynamic plate 372, the end are moved Cylinder 373, shear motor 374, rotating disk 375, clamping plate 376, lower cutter 377, upper slitter 378 and shearing cylinder 379;Described determines plate 371 are connected in and cut stem slide plate 35 bottom, and described dynamic plate 372 is positioned to be determined on the left of plate 371, and described end dynamic air cylinder 373 quantity is Three, dynamic air cylinder 373 one end at the bottom of three all with determine plate 371 ball-joint, dynamic air cylinder 373 other end at the bottom of three all with dynamic plate 372 ball pivot Connecing, determine plate 371, dynamic plate 372 and end dynamic air cylinder 373 and constitute closed loop parallel institution, described shear motor 374 is arranged on dynamic plate 372 right sides, described rotating disk 375 is positioned on the left of dynamic plate 372, and rotating disk 375 is connected with shear motor 374 main shaft, institute Clamping plate 376 level stated is connected in the middle part of rotating disk 375, and described lower cutter 377 is fixedly connected with clamping plate 376, described upper slitter 378 Being hinged with lower cutter 377, described shearing cylinder 379 is positioned horizontally in below clamping plate 376, and shears cylinder 379 one end and rotation Dish 375 is fixedly connected with, and shears cylinder 379 other end and is hinged with upper slitter 378 bottom;During work, will be needed by Ding Jing mechanism 36 The jasmine plant upper end clamping sheared, then cutting mechanism 37 works, and dynamic air cylinder 373 at the bottom of three is flexible drives dynamic plate 372 any Motion, meanwhile, shear motor 374 work drives rotating disk 375 to rotate, thus by the motion of dynamic plate 372 with rotating disk 375, Make its shearing point of jasmine branch needing to shear between upper slitter 378 and lower cutter 377, then, shear cylinder 379 and shrink, Upper slitter 378 is rotated, and then by the shear action of upper slitter 378 with lower cutter 377, jasmine branch is sheared, when needs enter After the jasmine branch of row cuttage is sheared down, then by Ding Jing mechanism 36, above-mentioned branch is delivered on stem device 4;The most again Repeat said process all to be shear off by the jasmine branch meeting Cutting conditions on whole jasmine plant.Described cut stem device 3 Effect be for the branch meeting Cutting conditions in whole for jasmine strain is shear off, and deliver to stem device by shear off 4。
Described stem device 4 is sent to include sending stem conveyer belt 41, send stem motor 42, send stem belt wheel 43, send peel of stem band 44 and send Stem mechanism 45;The described stem conveyer belt 41 that send includes zone 411, two zone 412 and an intermediate zone 413, and described send stem transmission Band 41 is arranged on top board 11 lower surface by cylinder, and a described zone 411 is vertically installed on the left of top board 11 front end, described Two zone 412 are vertically installed in the middle part of top board 11 rear end, and described intermediate zone 413 connects zone 411 and two zone 412, an institute The stem motor 42 that send stated is arranged on top board 11;Send and be mounted on sending stem on stem motor 42 main shaft and zone 411 left hand roller Belt wheel 43, respectively send to connect between stem belt wheel 43 and send peel of stem band 44;Described Song Jing mechanism 45 includes U-shaped connecting plate 451, send stem Push rod 452, send stem inflator 453, send stem connecting rod 454, send stem gas storehouse 455 and send stem air bag 456 for a pair;Described U-shaped connecting plate 451 are connected by bolt between stem conveyer belt 41 with sending, and the described stem push rod 452 that send uniformly is installed by U-shaped connecting plate 451 Sending on stem conveyer belt 41, described send stem push rod 452 front end to embed and send stem inflator 453 in, described send stem connecting rod 454 one end Being fixedly connected with sending stem inflator 453, send stem connecting rod 454 other end to be fixedly connected with U-shaped connecting plate 451 lower surface, described send stem gas Storehouse 455 is cube cavity, described send stem gas storehouse 455 and send stem inflator 453 and be connected, and described a pair send stem air bag 456 Being connected with sending stem gas storehouse 455, described U-shaped connecting plate 451 is quality of rubber materials with sending stem air bag 456;During work, first, After jasmine branch is sheared, cuts stem device 3, by the effect of mobile main body, jasmine branch is delivered to stem device 4 Send for a pair between stem air bag 456, then, determine stem push rod 361 do contractile motion so that folder stem air bag 365 to be in negative pressure contraction-like State, and, send stem push rod 452 to stretch out so that sending stem air bag 456 to be in malleation heave state, thus jasmine branch is sent stem machine Structure 45 clamps and departs from cuts stem device 3, then, send stem motor 42 work to make respectively to send stem belt wheel 43 to rotate, and then drive is sent Stem conveyer belt 41 moves, and under top view visual angle, described send stem conveyer belt 41 for rotating counterclockwise, is sending stem conveyer belt 41 Under rotary motion, Song Jing mechanism 45 carries jasmine branch and moves on rear side of fuselage 1.
Described drilling equipment 6 also includes hole slide plate 61, bore motor 62 and drilling rod 63;Described boring slide plate 61 wraps Including boring mainboard 611, boring riser 612 and boring transverse slat 613, described boring mainboard 611 is arranged on the conveying of drilling equipment 6 On belt 102, described boring riser 612 top is fixedly connected with boring mainboard 611, and described boring transverse slat 613 level is connected Bottom boring riser 612, and being provided with floor between boring transverse slat 613 and boring riser 612, described bore motor 62 is pacified Being contained in boring transverse slat 613 upper surface, drilling rod 63 is positioned at boring transverse slat 613 lower surface, and bore motor 62 main shaft and drilling rod 63 phase Connect, described two zone 412 respectively send stem air bag 456 all directly over drilling rod 63;The sliding panel 101 of drilling equipment 6 is solid Being connected in top board 11 lower surface of fuselage 1, during work, boring mainboard 611 moves up and down with the belt conveyor 102 of drilling equipment 6, when After boring mainboard 611 moves to correct position, bore motor 62 work drives drilling rod 63 to rotate, in the process that drilling rod 63 rotates In, boring mainboard 611 drive turns hole riser 612 and synchronizes downward translation, thus drives drilling rod 63 to synchronize to move downward, thus realizes Boring to ground.
Described slotting stem device 7 also includes inserting stem slide plate 71, inserting stem push rod 72, slotting stem inflator 73, slotting stem gas storehouse 74 and To slotting stem air bag 75;Described slotting stem slide plate 71 includes inserting stem mainboard 711 and slotting stem riser 712, and described slotting stem mainboard 711 is pacified Being contained on the belt conveyor 102 of slotting stem device 7, described slotting stem riser 712 top is fixedly connected with slotting stem mainboard 711, described Inserting and be horizontally disposed with middle supporting plate 713 in the middle part of stem riser 712, described slotting stem push rod 72 is vertically connected in middle supporting plate 713 lower surface, Described slotting stem push rod 72 lower end embeds inserts in stem inflator 73, and described slotting stem gas storehouse 74 is cube cavity, described slotting stem Gas storehouse 74 is connected with slotting stem inflator 73, and slotting stem gas storehouse 74 is connected on slotting stem riser 712, and stem air bag 75 is inserted in described a pair Being connected with slotting stem gas storehouse 74, described slotting stem air bag 75 is quality of rubber materials;The sliding panel 101 inserting stem device 7 is connected in machine Top board 11 lower surface of body 1, when Song Jing mechanism 45 carry jasmine branch move to insert at stem device 7 time, insert stem mainboard 711 with inserting The belt conveyor 102 of stem device 7 moves up and down so that the stem air bag 75 of inserting for a pair being positioned on slotting stem riser 712 wraps up jasmine branch Bar, then, inserts stem push rod 72 and does and stretch out motion and make to insert stem air bag 75 and be in malleation and heave state, and send stem push rod 452 to receive Contracting campaign makes to send stem air bag 456 to be in negative pressure contraction state, send stem device 4 to enter and insert stem so that jasmine branch departs from Device 7, the slotting stem slide plate 71 then inserting stem device 7 moves downward the jasmine branch on slotting stem air bag 75 is inserted drilling equipment In 6 ground holes pierced, thus realize the cuttage to jasmine branch, then make slotting stem push rod 72 do contractile motion and make to insert stem Air bag 75 is in negative pressure contraction state, so that insert stem device 7 to depart from cuttage branch;By the repetition of above-mentioned steps, it is achieved The cuttage of jasmine branch on stem device 4 is sent to whole.
Described front end, top board 11 lower surface is mounted on photographic head 9 in the rotating disk 375 of cutting mechanism 37, thus grasps Make personnel and by the image information of photographic head 9 real-time typing, the present invention can be carried out distant control, it is achieved to jasmine branch Remote shearing, and be difficult to make jasmine be rolled during the present invention walks.
Preferably, described determine stem push rod 361, send stem push rod 452 and slotting stem push rod 72 to be pen type electric pushrod, pen type Electric pushrod is conducive to reduction to cut stem device 3, send stem device 4 and the volume of slotting stem device 7.
The ultimate principle of the present invention, principal character and advantage have more than been shown and described.The technical staff of the industry should Understanding, the present invention is not restricted to the described embodiments, the simply explanation present invention's of the description in above-described embodiment and description Principle, without departing from the spirit and scope of the present invention, the present invention also has various changes and modifications, and these change and change Enter to both fall within scope of the claimed invention.Claimed scope is by appending claims and equivalent thereof Define.

Claims (5)

1. a portable jasmine intelligence cuttage machine, it is characterised in that: include fuselage (1), running gear (2), cut stem device (3), send stem device (4), drilling equipment (6), insert stem device (7) and photographic head (9);Described running gear (2) is positioned at fuselage (1) bottom, described stem device (3) of cutting is positioned on the left of fuselage (1) upper end, and the described stem device (4) that send runs through on fuselage (1) End, described drilling equipment (6) is positioned at fuselage (1) upper rear, and described slotting stem device (7) is positioned at drilling equipment (6) rear; Wherein:
Described fuselage (1) includes top board (11), is vertically connected in a pair collateral plate of top board (11) left and right sides, lower surface And be respectively fixedly connected with a pair wheel carrier (13) two collateral plate (12) lower ends (12);
Described running gear (2) includes drivewheel (21), driven pulley (22), crawler belt (23), decelerator (24) and movable motor (25);It is anterior that described drivewheel (21) is arranged on wheel carrier (13), and described driven pulley (22) is arranged on wheel carrier (13) rear portion, institute Being connected between the drivewheel (21) stated and driven pulley (22) and have crawler belt (23), it is front that described decelerator (24) is arranged on wheel carrier (13) Portion, described movable motor (25) is arranged on decelerator (24) upper end, described decelerator (24) one end and movable motor (25) Being connected, decelerator (24) other end is connected with drivewheel (21);
Described cut stem device (3), drilling equipment (6) all include mobile main body (10), described each movement with slotting stem device (7) Main body (10) all includes sliding panel (101), belt conveyor (102) and conveying motor (103), and described belt conveyor (102) leads to Cross cylinder to be arranged on sliding panel (101), and belt conveyor (102) is arranged vertically at slip from top to bottom along sliding panel (101) Plate (101) inner side, described conveying motor (103) is connected with the cylinder on belt conveyor (102) top;
Described stem device (3) of cutting also includes mobile motor (31), mobile screw (32), mobile belt wheel (33), mobile belt (34) stem slide plate (35), Ding Jing mechanism (36) and cutting mechanism (37), are cut;Described each mobile motor (31) is arranged on fuselage (1) top board (11) upper surface, described mobile screw (32) is horizontally arranged at top board (11) lower end from left to right along fuselage (1) Right side of face, described mobile motor (31) and mobile screw (32) one end are mounted on mobile belt wheel (33), described mobile band Be connected by mobile belt (34) between wheel (33), described in cut the sliding panel (101) of stem device (3) and be vertically installed at mobile spiral shell On bar (32), described stem slide plate (35) of cutting is arranged on the belt conveyor (102) cutting stem device (3), described Ding Jing mechanism (36) include determining stem push rod (361), determine stem inflator (362), determine stem connecting rod (363), determine stem gas storehouse (364) and a pair folder stem air bag (365);Described determining stem push rod (361) and be horizontally arranged at and cut stem slide plate (35) top, described to determine stem push rod (361) front end embedding In entering to determine stem inflator (362), described determine stem connecting rod (363) one end and determine stem inflator (362) and be fixedly connected with, determining stem connecting rod (363) The other end is fixedly connected with cutting stem slide plate (35), and described stem gas storehouse (364) of determining is cube cavity, and described determines stem gas storehouse (364) with determine stem inflator (362) and be connected, a pair described folder stem air bag (365) is connected with determining stem gas storehouse (364), described Folder stem air bag (365) be quality of rubber materials;
Described cutting mechanism (37) is positioned at Ding Jing mechanism (36) lower section, and cutting mechanism (37) includes determining plate (371), dynamic plate (372), end dynamic air cylinder (373), shear motor (374), rotating disk (375), clamping plate (376), lower cutter (377), upper slitter (378) and Shear cylinder (379);Described determining plate (371) and be connected in and cut stem slide plate (35) bottom, described dynamic plate (372) is positioned at determines plate (371) left side, described end dynamic air cylinder (373) quantity is three, dynamic air cylinder (373) one end at the bottom of three all with determine plate (371) ball pivot Connect, dynamic air cylinder (373) other end at the bottom of three all with dynamic plate (372) ball-joint, determine plate (371), dynamic plate (372) and end dynamic air cylinder (373) constituting closed loop parallel institution, described shear motor (374) is arranged on dynamic plate (372) right side, described rotating disk (375) being positioned at dynamic plate (372) left side, rotating disk (375) is connected with shear motor (374) main shaft, described clamping plate (376) water Flat being connected in rotating disk (375) middle part, described lower cutter (377) is fixedly connected with clamping plate (376), described upper slitter (378) and under Cutter (377) is hinged, described shearing cylinder (379) be positioned horizontally in clamping plate (376) lower section, and shear cylinder (379) one end with Rotating disk (375) is fixedly connected with, and shears cylinder (379) other end and is hinged with upper slitter (378) bottom;
Described slotting stem device (7) also includes inserting stem slide plate (71), inserting stem push rod (72), slotting stem inflator (73), slotting stem gas storehouse (74) and a pair inserts stem air bag (75);Described slotting stem slide plate (71) includes inserting stem mainboard (711) and slotting stem riser (712), institute The slotting stem mainboard (711) stated is arranged on the belt conveyor (102) of slotting stem device (7), described slotting stem riser (712) top with Inserting stem mainboard (711) to be fixedly connected with, described slotting stem riser (712) middle part has been horizontally disposed with middle supporting plate (713), and described slotting stem pushes away Bar (72) is vertically connected in middle supporting plate (713) lower surface, and described slotting stem push rod (72) lower end embeds inserts in stem inflator (73), institute The slotting stem gas storehouse (74) stated is cube cavity, and described slotting stem gas storehouse (74) is connected with slotting stem inflator (73), and slotting stem gas Storehouse (74) is connected on slotting stem riser (712), and described a pair is inserted stem air bag (75) and be connected with slotting stem gas storehouse (74), described Insert stem air bag (75) and be quality of rubber materials.
A kind of portable jasmine intelligence cuttage machine the most according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: described send stem device (4) include sending stem conveyer belt (41), send stem motor (42), send stem belt wheel (43), send peel of stem band (44) and Song Jing mechanism (45);Institute The stem conveyer belt (41) that send stated includes a zone (411), two zone (412) and intermediate zone (413), and described send stem conveyer belt (41) being arranged on top board (11) lower surface by cylinder, a described zone (411) is vertically installed on the left of top board (11) front end, Described two zone (412) are vertically installed in the middle part of top board (11) rear end, and described intermediate zone (413) connects a zone (411) With two zone (412), the described stem motor (42) that send is arranged on top board (11);Send stem motor (42) main shaft and a zone (411) it is mounted on left hand roller sending stem belt wheel (43), respectively send to connect between stem belt wheel (43) and send peel of stem band (44);Described Song Jing mechanism (45) include U-shaped connecting plate (451), send stem push rod (452), send stem inflator (453), send stem connecting rod (454), give Stem gas storehouse (455) and send stem air bag (456) for a pair;Described U-shaped connecting plate (451) and send and pass through spiral shell between stem conveyer belt (41) Bolt is connected, and described send stem push rod (452) to be uniformly arranged on by U-shaped connecting plate (451) to send on stem conveyer belt (41), described Send stem push rod (452) front end to embed and send stem inflator (453) in, described send stem connecting rod (454) one end and send stem inflator (453) Being fixedly connected with, send stem connecting rod (454) other end to be fixedly connected with U-shaped connecting plate (451) lower surface, described stem gas storehouse (455) of sending is Cube cavity, described send stem gas storehouse (455) and send stem inflator (453) and be connected, described a pair send stem air bag (456) with Sending stem gas storehouse (455) to be connected, described U-shaped connecting plate (451) is quality of rubber materials with sending stem air bag (456).
A kind of portable jasmine intelligence cuttage machine the most according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: described drilling equipment (6) hole slide plate (61), bore motor (62) and drilling rod (63) are also included;Described boring slide plate (61) includes mainboard of holing (611), boring riser (612) and hole transverse slat (613), described boring mainboard (611) is arranged on the conveying of drilling equipment (6) On belt (102), described boring riser (612) top is fixedly connected with boring mainboard (611), described boring transverse slat (613) Level is connected in boring riser (612) bottom, and is provided with floor between boring transverse slat (613) and boring riser (612), described Bore motor (62) be arranged on boring transverse slat (613) upper surface, drilling rod (63) be positioned at boring transverse slat (613) lower surface, and bore Hole motor (62) main shaft is connected with drilling rod (63), and described two zone (412) respectively send stem air bag (456) all through drilling rod (63) directly over.
A kind of portable jasmine intelligence cuttage machine the most according to claim 1, rises and is characterised by: under described top board (11) End face front end is mounted on photographic head (9) in the rotating disk (375) of cutting mechanism (37).
A kind of portable jasmine intelligence cuttage machine the most according to claim 1 and 2, it is characterised in that: described stem of determining pushes away Bar (361), stem push rod (452) and slotting stem push rod (72) is sent to be pen type electric pushrod.
CN201610651591.8A 2016-08-03 2016-08-03 A kind of movable type jasmine intelligence cuttage machine Expired - Fee Related CN106258125B (en)

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CN109041848A (en) * 2018-09-12 2018-12-21 芜湖县兰馨油桃种植专业合作社 A kind of sticking device for peach plantation
CN110149862A (en) * 2019-07-05 2019-08-23 桂林理工大学 A kind of transplanter seedling taking device and automatic transplanter

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CN110149862B (en) * 2019-07-05 2022-01-04 桂林理工大学 Seedling taking device of transplanter and automatic transplanter

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