CN106250638A - A kind of backform comprehensive Design based on BIM and application process - Google Patents

A kind of backform comprehensive Design based on BIM and application process Download PDF

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Publication number
CN106250638A
CN106250638A CN201610633254.6A CN201610633254A CN106250638A CN 106250638 A CN106250638 A CN 106250638A CN 201610633254 A CN201610633254 A CN 201610633254A CN 106250638 A CN106250638 A CN 106250638A
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China
Prior art keywords
backform
tower crane
protection
comprehensive
carry
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CN201610633254.6A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN106250638B (en
Inventor
赵飞
王能林
汪小东
张欣
李娟�
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中建三局第建设工程有限责任公司
中建三局第一建设工程有限责任公司
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Priority to CN201610633254.6A priority Critical patent/CN106250638B/en
Publication of CN106250638A publication Critical patent/CN106250638A/en
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    • GPHYSICS
    • G06COMPUTING; CALCULATING; COUNTING
    • G06FELECTRIC DIGITAL DATA PROCESSING
    • G06F30/00Computer-aided design [CAD]
    • G06F30/20Design optimisation, verification or simulation
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04GSCAFFOLDING; FORMS; SHUTTERING; BUILDING IMPLEMENTS OR OTHER BUILDING AIDS, OR THEIR USE; HANDLING BUILDING MATERIALS ON THE SITE; REPAIRING, BREAKING-UP OR OTHER WORK ON EXISTING BUILDINGS
    • E04G11/00Forms, shutterings, or falsework for making walls, floors, ceilings, or roofs
    • E04G11/06Forms, shutterings, or falsework for making walls, floors, ceilings, or roofs for walls, e.g. curved end panels for wall shutterings; filler elements for wall shutterings; shutterings for vertical ducts
    • E04G11/20Movable forms; Movable forms for moulding cylindrical, conical or hyperbolical structures; Templates serving as forms for positioning blocks or the like
    • E04G11/28Climbing forms, i.e. forms which are not in contact with the poured concrete during lifting from layer to layer and which are anchored in the hardened concrete
    • GPHYSICS
    • G06COMPUTING; CALCULATING; COUNTING
    • G06FELECTRIC DIGITAL DATA PROCESSING
    • G06F30/00Computer-aided design [CAD]
    • G06F30/10Geometric CAD
    • G06F30/13Architectural design, e.g. computer-aided architectural design [CAAD] related to design of buildings, bridges, landscapes, production plants or roads

Abstract

The invention discloses a kind of backform comprehensive Design based on BIM and application process, comprise the following steps: one, design backform system according to building structure drawing, based on family of standards storehouse, set up backform threedimensional model;Two, the threedimensional model of foundation exports as specified interface carry out structural checking computation and adjust according to result;Three, during backform system uses, the most automatically join mould design and optimize, design and Whole Process Simulation backform and tower crane are installed and removed, backform system illumination system three dimensional design and O&M, check that security protection, system oil circuit pipeline are comprehensive and tower crane climbs with backform system and plans that anticollision designs comprehensively.The backform comprehensive designing method based on BIM that the present invention provides so that the every design of backform system more visualizes, precision, finds present in backform design process problem from aspect directly perceived and adjusts in time, improve work efficiency, reduce unnecessary loss.

Description

A kind of backform comprehensive Design based on BIM and application process

Technical field

The present invention relates to building field, particularly relate to a kind of backform comprehensive Design based on BIM and application process.

Background technology

At present, backform system has obtained the widest as a kind of novel formwork system in each big Super High work progress General utilization, it is safe efficient, the feature of environmental protection has obtained perfect embodiment during practice of construction.It is related to backform system The schemes such as system and the design of relevant auxiliary facility, depth optimization, installation, jacking and dismounting and implementation process need the finest Process is control, and owing to its scale of construction is huge, the design of mistake or installation procedure can cause sharply increasing of cost, and affects engineering and enter Degree.

Summary of the invention

The technical problem to be solved in the present invention is for defect of the prior art, it is provided that a kind of backform based on BIM Comprehensive Design and application process.

The technical solution adopted for the present invention to solve the technical problems is: a kind of backform comprehensive Design based on BIM and should By method, comprise the following steps:

1) according to completed backform system item building structure drawing, the standard backform structure set up in backform component race storehouse is used Part sets up backform threedimensional model according to engineering project Demand Design;The standard top die component that described backform component race storehouse includes is shellfish Thunder sheet, column, hanger vertical rod, turnover panel, template;

2) reduced model file, utilizes data conversion interface to be converted to be available for the literary composition of finite element analysis software by model file type Part type, then carries out structural reliability checking computations, and whether the examination each member stress of backform meets national standard and industry standard is wanted Ask, if being unsatisfactory for, adjusting the size of backform structural elements according to result of calculation, after adjusting, re-starting structural reliability every time Checking computations, until meeting requirement;Derive processing policy paper auxiliary direction component again to produce;

3) according to step 2) aluminum dipping form on-gauge plate race storehouse set up by the threedimensional model that obtains, mould design is joined by the automatization carrying out aluminum alloy pattern plate And real-time optimization, derive and join Mo Tu and aluminum alloy pattern plate consumption statistical table;

4) set up tower crane race storehouse, specify tower crane model and performance, based on tower crane, carry out lifting the reasonable Arrangement in stockyard, full mistake Journey simulation backform is installed with tower crane lifting and is removed, and derives load case and the tower crane model file of this overall process, constructs Stage checks;

5) clearly designing the light fixture specification of use, three-dimensional simulation whole backform system each position illumination, according to existing related specifications Require to check whether light fixture used meets requirement, if illumination does not reaches requirement, then adjust weight after lamp position, quantity, model New simulation is checked again, until compliant requirement;

6) by the way of REVIT the 3rd people roaming, check whether backform security protection exists leak;If pinpointing the problems, the most right Backform designs a model and is adjusted amendment;

7) utilizing REVIT software to design the oil circuit in backform system and circuit pipeline and carry out collision detection and optimization, inspection is No existence may cause the construction stage cause cost allowance and be delayed the mistake design of construction period, and checking whether can be the most excellent Change backform space, check whether that being easy to equipment uses and keep in repair, according to practical situation, design is optimized, rectifies and improves utilization three-dimensional Model carries out backform systematic pipeline complex optimum;

8) according to the threedimensional model that above-mentioned steps is well-established, require to design tower crane and backform system according to duration, technology etc. Climb planning, carry out dynamic crash inspection, check whether tower crane, backform system, built-in fitting and steel construction etc. can be in the processes of climbing Middle produce collision conflict and affect main structure construction, and carry out structural adjustment optimization according to inspection and climb operating mode, it is thus achieved that be last Design.

By such scheme, in described step 6), the scope of examination includes platform side protection, the protection of hanger side and box beam protection.

The beneficial effect comprise that:

1, backform design overall process can be carried out visualizing precision management by the inventive method;

2, the inventive method can quickly realize optimizing backform system and joins mould design, and carries out contrast and accept or reject, and improves work effect Rate;

3, backform system each position duty and problem that may be present can be understood in real time by the inventive method and send out in time Now solve;

4, solve tower crane by the inventive method energy three-dimensional to install, climb and Demolition Scheme optimization problem, convenient and swift.

Accompanying drawing explanation

Below in conjunction with drawings and Examples, the invention will be further described, in accompanying drawing:

Fig. 1 is the flow chart of the embodiment of the present invention;

Fig. 2 is that the backform of the embodiment of the present invention needs to form component diagram.

Detailed description of the invention

In order to make the purpose of the present invention, technical scheme and advantage clearer, below in conjunction with embodiment, to the present invention It is further elaborated.Should be appreciated that specific embodiment described herein, only in order to explain the present invention, is not used to limit Determine the present invention.

As it is shown in figure 1, this backform comprehensive Design based on BIM and application process comprise the steps.

(1) design backform structure, set up race storehouse and BIM model

According to major structure of construction feature, premised on meeting construction safety and main structure construction requirement, backform system is entered Row design;

Set up backform system Plays component race storehouse, as in figure 2 it is shown, include beret truss, column, hanger vertical rod, turnover panel, template, The standardized components such as reinforcement and connector, and be named according to respective standard, can also be constantly in subsequent design works Improve and be newly added component race storehouse;

The backform system standard component race storehouse having built up in REVIT is utilized to carry out backform system three-dimension modeling, and to three Dimension module carries out systematic learning, is familiar with backform each subsystem (support system, dynamical system, plateform system, hanging rack system and safety Guard system) relevant detailed dimensions and location.

(2) model is utilized to carry out structural checking computation

The threedimensional model completed is derived corresponding MIDAS interface document, interface document is imported in MIDAS GEN module, press Practical Project situation considers the combination of various load cases, carries out the structural checking computation required for engineering.Output result of calculation, examination top Whether each member stress of mould meets national standard and Industry code requirements, if being unsatisfactory for, adjusts backform structure according to result of calculation Component, optimizes backform system structure further and reexamines, until meeting requirement.

(3) automatically join mould design and optimize

The automatization carrying out aluminum alloy pattern plate according to the concrete size of institute's Criterion template and project threedimensional model in step (1) joins Mould designs, and from the defect of three-dimensional view angle inspection joined stencil design scheme and deficiency, improvement in time is finally reached optimum and joins mould Design.

(4) Whole Process Simulation backform is installed with tower crane and removes

Set up tower crane model, it is considered to the every factor of hoisting process, carry out the reasonable Arrangement in on-site hoisting stockyard, reduce secondary as far as possible Handling improves lifting efficiency.

Set up tower crane race storehouse, specify tower crane model and performance, carry out lifting stockyard with tower crane position for major consideration Reasonable Arrangement, Whole Process Simulation lifting install and remove, derive load case and the model file of this overall process, construct Stage checks.

(5) clearly designing the light fixture specification of use, three-dimensional simulation whole backform system each position illumination, according to existing relevant Used by code requirement inspection, whether light fixture meets requirement, if illumination does not reaches requires adjustable lamp position, quantity, model etc. Re-start simulation again to check, until compliant requirement.

(6) REVIT third person roaming function, design roaming is utilized to check the route security protection to each position of backform Carry out comprehensive inspection, confirm that design meets safety requirements, it is to avoid occur security breaches, the scope of examination include platform side protection, The protection of hanger side, box beam protection etc..If pinpointing the problems, feeding back to designer in time and backform is designed a model being adjusted repairing Change.

(7) utilize REVIT software that the oil circuit in backform system and circuit pipeline are designed and carry out collision detection and optimization, inspection Whether may cause construction stage cause cost allowance and be delayed the mistake design of construction period, check whether and can enter one if looking into exist Step optimizes backform space, checks whether that being easy to equipment uses and keep in repair, and is optimized design according to practical situation, rectifies and improves.

(8) according to well-established threedimensional model, require that designing tower crane climbs with backform system according to duration, technology etc. Planning, carries out dynamic crash inspection, checks whether tower crane, backform system, built-in fitting and steel construction etc. can produce during climbing Raw collision conflict affect main structure construction, and climbs operating mode according to inspection structural adjustment optimization.

It should be appreciated that for those of ordinary skills, can be improved according to the above description or be converted, And all these modifications and variations all should belong to the protection domain of claims of the present invention.

Claims (2)

1. a backform comprehensive Design based on BIM and application process, it is characterised in that comprise the following steps:
1) according to completed backform system item building structure drawing, the standard backform structure set up in backform component race storehouse is used Part sets up backform threedimensional model according to engineering project Demand Design;The standard top die component that described backform component race storehouse includes is shellfish Thunder sheet, column, hanger vertical rod, turnover panel, template;
2) reduced model file, utilizes data conversion interface to be converted to be available for the literary composition of finite element analysis software by model file type Part type, then carries out structural reliability checking computations, and whether the examination each member stress of backform meets national standard and industry standard is wanted Ask, if being unsatisfactory for, adjusting the size of backform structural elements according to result of calculation, after adjusting, re-starting structural reliability every time Checking computations, until meeting requirement;Derive processing policy paper auxiliary direction component again to produce;
3) according in step 2) aluminum dipping form on-gauge plate race storehouse set up by the threedimensional model that obtains, carry out the automatization of aluminum alloy pattern plate and join mould and set Meter real-time optimization, derive and join Mo Tu and aluminum alloy pattern plate consumption statistical table;
4) set up tower crane race storehouse, specify tower crane model and performance, based on tower crane, carry out lifting the reasonable Arrangement in stockyard, full mistake Journey simulation backform is installed with tower crane lifting and is removed, and derives load case and the model file of this overall process, carries out the construction stage Checking computations;
5) clearly designing the light fixture specification of use, three-dimensional simulation whole backform system each position illumination, according to existing related specifications Require to check whether light fixture used meets requirement, require after adjustable lamp position, quantity, model again if illumination does not reaches It is simulated again checking, until compliant requirement;
6) checking whether backform security protection exists leak by the way of REVIT the 3rd people roaming, the scope of examination includes platform Side protection, the protection of hanger side and box beam protection;If pinpointing the problems, backform being designed a model be adjusted amendment in time;
7) utilizing REVIT software to design the oil circuit in backform system and circuit pipeline and carry out collision detection and optimization, inspection is No existence may cause the construction stage cause cost allowance and be delayed the mistake design of construction period, and checking whether can be the most excellent Change backform space, check whether that being easy to equipment uses and keep in repair, according to practical situation, design is optimized, rectifies and improves utilization three-dimensional Model carries out backform systematic pipeline complex optimum;
8) according to the threedimensional model that above-mentioned steps is well-established, require to design tower crane and backform system according to duration, technology etc. Climb planning, carry out dynamic crash inspection, check whether tower crane, backform system, built-in fitting and steel construction etc. can be in the processes of climbing Middle produce collision conflict and affect main structure construction, and carry out structural adjustment optimization according to inspection and climb operating mode, it is thus achieved that be last Design.
Backform comprehensive Design based on BIM the most according to claim 1 and application process, it is characterised in that described step 6) in, the scope of examination includes platform side protection, the protection of hanger side and box beam protection.
CN201610633254.6A 2016-08-04 2016-08-04 A kind of backform comprehensive design and application process based on BIM CN106250638B (en)

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Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106639162A (en) * 2016-12-28 2017-05-10 江苏中南建筑产业集团有限责任公司 BIM-based environment-friendly cushion block standardized construction method
CN106986275A (en) * 2017-03-13 2017-07-28 同济大学 A kind of assembled architecture plane layout of tower crane and selection method based on BIM
CN107034910A (en) * 2017-04-13 2017-08-11 北京市第三建筑工程有限公司 The construction method of tower crane anchorage node based on BIM Deepen Designs
CN107357802A (en) * 2017-05-19 2017-11-17 江苏龙腾工程设计股份有限公司 The keyword retrieval method and system of BIM database
CN107491590A (en) * 2017-07-20 2017-12-19 中国建筑第八工程局有限公司 One kind is based on the BIM technology simulation pre- arrangement method of indoor light light fixture

Citations (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104573254A (en) * 2015-01-21 2015-04-29 中国十七冶集团有限公司 Pre-construction technical disclosure method based on BIM
US20150248503A1 (en) * 2014-03-01 2015-09-03 Benjamin F. GLUNZ Method and system for creating 3d models from 2d data for building information modeling (bim)
CN105279329A (en) * 2015-10-13 2016-01-27 中国十七冶集团有限公司 BIM (Building Information Modeling)-based sample plate guide quality management method

Patent Citations (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US20150248503A1 (en) * 2014-03-01 2015-09-03 Benjamin F. GLUNZ Method and system for creating 3d models from 2d data for building information modeling (bim)
CN104573254A (en) * 2015-01-21 2015-04-29 中国十七冶集团有限公司 Pre-construction technical disclosure method based on BIM
CN105279329A (en) * 2015-10-13 2016-01-27 中国十七冶集团有限公司 BIM (Building Information Modeling)-based sample plate guide quality management method

Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106639162A (en) * 2016-12-28 2017-05-10 江苏中南建筑产业集团有限责任公司 BIM-based environment-friendly cushion block standardized construction method
CN106986275A (en) * 2017-03-13 2017-07-28 同济大学 A kind of assembled architecture plane layout of tower crane and selection method based on BIM
CN107034910A (en) * 2017-04-13 2017-08-11 北京市第三建筑工程有限公司 The construction method of tower crane anchorage node based on BIM Deepen Designs
CN107357802A (en) * 2017-05-19 2017-11-17 江苏龙腾工程设计股份有限公司 The keyword retrieval method and system of BIM database
CN107491590A (en) * 2017-07-20 2017-12-19 中国建筑第八工程局有限公司 One kind is based on the BIM technology simulation pre- arrangement method of indoor light light fixture

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