CN106249665A - A kind of management control system of Caulis et Folium Lactucae Sativae high temperature resistance foliage fertilizer - Google Patents

A kind of management control system of Caulis et Folium Lactucae Sativae high temperature resistance foliage fertilizer Download PDF

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Publication number
CN106249665A
CN106249665A CN201610844929.1A CN201610844929A CN106249665A CN 106249665 A CN106249665 A CN 106249665A CN 201610844929 A CN201610844929 A CN 201610844929A CN 106249665 A CN106249665 A CN 106249665A
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China
Prior art keywords
control
caulis
foliage fertilizer
host computer
lactucae sativae
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CN201610844929.1A
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Chinese (zh)
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吕子含
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吕子含
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Priority to CN201610844929.1A priority Critical patent/CN106249665A/en
Publication of CN106249665A publication Critical patent/CN106249665A/en
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    • GPHYSICS
    • G05CONTROLLING; REGULATING
    • G05BCONTROL OR REGULATING SYSTEMS IN GENERAL; FUNCTIONAL ELEMENTS OF SUCH SYSTEMS; MONITORING OR TESTING ARRANGEMENTS FOR SUCH SYSTEMS OR ELEMENTS
    • G05B19/00Programme-control systems
    • G05B19/02Programme-control systems electric
    • G05B19/04Programme control other than numerical control, i.e. in sequence controllers or logic controllers
    • G05B19/042Programme control other than numerical control, i.e. in sequence controllers or logic controllers using digital processors
    • G05B19/0428Safety, monitoring
    • GPHYSICS
    • G05CONTROLLING; REGULATING
    • G05BCONTROL OR REGULATING SYSTEMS IN GENERAL; FUNCTIONAL ELEMENTS OF SUCH SYSTEMS; MONITORING OR TESTING ARRANGEMENTS FOR SUCH SYSTEMS OR ELEMENTS
    • G05B2219/00Program-control systems
    • G05B2219/20Pc systems
    • G05B2219/24Pc safety
    • G05B2219/24215Scada supervisory control and data acquisition

Abstract

The invention belongs to the management control system technical field of leaf of vegetable leaven, be specifically related to the management control system of a kind of Caulis et Folium Lactucae Sativae high temperature resistance foliage fertilizer: described management control system includes: wireless humiture sensor, effusion meter, control device, electromagnetic valve and host computer.The present invention has the advantage that in the present invention compared to existing technology by different temperature and humidities sets startup threshold range, setting flow value is given according to calculating, by automatic control system, the high temperature resistance foliage fertilizer of Caulis et Folium Lactucae Sativae is sprayed the most automatically, Automated condtrol can not only be realized, the amount of application of foliage fertilizer can also be automatically selected according to different humitures, foliage fertilizer can be made to be used effectively, avoid the environmental pollution or overnutrition using excess to cause due to foliage fertilizer, control system in the present invention is improve the utilization rate of foliage fertilizer, operational approach is easy, significantly promote the growth in summer of Caulis et Folium Lactucae Sativae, improve the quality and yield of Caulis et Folium Lactucae Sativae, remarkable in economical benefits.

Description

A kind of management control system of Caulis et Folium Lactucae Sativae high temperature resistance foliage fertilizer
Technical field
The invention belongs to the management control system technical field of leaf of vegetable leaven, be specifically related to a kind of Caulis et Folium Lactucae Sativae high temperature resistance blade face Fertile management control system.
Background technology
Caulis et Folium Lactucae Sativae character is sweet cool, because of in its stem and leaf containing Caulis et Folium Lactucae sativae element, therefore mildly bitter flavor, have heat clearing away to refresh oneself, hypnosis of ease pain, reduction gallbladder Sterin, auxiliary treatment effect such as neurasthenia, containing effective ingredient such as mannitol in Caulis et Folium Lactucae Sativae, have diuresis and blood circulation promoting, Liver heat removing function of gallbladder promoting and effect of nourishing the stomach, its interferon inducer contained can improve body immunity, and protocatechuic acid can suppress cancer thin Born of the same parents, vitamin content is many, dietary fiber etc. is nutritious, can strengthen protein and the digestion of fat and absorption, improve the intestines and stomach Blood circulation, very popular, but due to the Caulis et Folium Lactucae Sativae shady and cool weather of happiness, south China summer temp is high, produces and plants Training difficulty is big, often causes the underproduction even to be had no harvest because of burning sun, high temperature etc., affect the supply of summer vegetable, lead in planting process Cause price higher, in order to improve this situation, generally use the growth using foliage fertilizer regulation Caulis et Folium Lactucae Sativae, improve photosynthesis of plant Activity, improves its high-temperature resistance, but when should use foliage fertilizer, and the usage amount of foliage fertilizer all becomes asks Topic, is typically now used by area by after artificial judgment temperature, this high cost of people, and dose is wayward, may make Become the problems such as fertilizer waste.
Summary of the invention
It is an object of the invention to for existing problem, it is provided that the management of a kind of Caulis et Folium Lactucae Sativae high temperature resistance foliage fertilizer controls system System.
The present invention is achieved by the following technical solutions: the management control system of a kind of Caulis et Folium Lactucae Sativae high temperature resistance foliage fertilizer, institute State management control system to include: wireless humiture sensor, effusion meter, control device, electromagnetic valve and host computer, the most wireless temperature The data of humidity sensor collection are transmitted directly to host computer, and the data of collection are transferred to upper via controlling device by effusion meter Machine, host computer provides control instruction after being analyzed by received data, is controlled electromagnetic valve work by controlling device;
Described Caulis et Folium Lactucae Sativae high temperature resistance foliage fertilizer is mixed by the raw material of following weight portion: 500 parts of water, 20 parts of carbamide, biphosphate Ammonium 50 parts, morning glory pollen 20 parts, calcium superphosphate 8 parts, molybdenum trisulfate 4 parts, 5 parts of magnesium sulfate;
Described Chinese leaf leaven uses auto-rotating spray head to spray, and auto-rotating spray head is arranged on earth's surface and upwards sprays, electricity Magnet valve is located on pipeline, is provided with effusion meter at shower nozzle;
Described wireless humiture sensor is inserted in soil, plug in the range of each auto-rotating spray head sprays two wireless Temperature Humidity Sensor;
Described control device comprises circuit control panel, and the Data Transport Protocol between circuit control panel and described host computer is set to RS232 Data Transport Protocol;
The using method of described management control system includes herein below:
(1) the wireless humiture sensor in the range of using host computer that each auto-rotating spray head is sprayed, effusion meter, electromagnetic valve Distribute geocoding with controlling device, the soil humiture in respective range is monitored in real time;
(2) humiture is set respectively start threshold range accordingly, startup threshold range is divided into multiple span of control, each Span of control correspondence sets flow value accordingly, and after humiture reaches to start range threshold accordingly, host computer is right according to it Span of control that should be different starts electromagnetic valve by controlling device, by flow measurement constant current value, when flow value reaches to set stream During value, effusion meter gathers data and is transferred to host computer by controlling device, and host computer provides control command closedown to controlling device Electromagnetic valve.
As further improvement of these options, described wireless humiture sensor comprises sensor, single-chip microcomputer, power supply Power supply and acquisition module, wherein acquisition module has wireless sending and receiving to send the function of data.
As further improvement of these options, described startup threshold range is the group of temperature range and humidity range Close.
As further improvement of these options, described plug in the range of auto-rotating spray head sprays two wireless Temperature Humidity Sensor, the installation site of two Temperature Humidity Sensors respectively auto-rotating spray head spray scope radius three/ At one and at 2/3rds.
The present invention has the advantage that in the present invention compared to existing technology by different temperature and humidities is set startup Threshold range, provides setting flow value according to calculating, by automatic control system by the high temperature resistance foliage fertilizer of Caulis et Folium Lactucae Sativae from down to up Automatically spray, Automated condtrol can not only be realized, moreover it is possible to automatically select the amount of application of foliage fertilizer according to different humitures, it is possible to The foliage fertilizer is made to be used effectively, it is to avoid owing to foliage fertilizer uses the environmental pollution or overnutrition that excess causes, by the present invention Middle control system improves the utilization rate of foliage fertilizer, and operational approach is easy, significantly promotes the growth in summer of Caulis et Folium Lactucae Sativae, improves life The quality and yield of dish, remarkable in economical benefits.
Detailed description of the invention
Fig. 1 is wireless humiture sensor mounting location schematic diagram.
1-auto-rotating spray head, 2-auto-rotating spray head sprays scope, and 3-auto-rotating spray head sprays the three of scope radius At/mono-, 4-auto-rotating spray head sprays at 2/3rds of scope radius, 5-is wireless warm and humid sensor.
Detailed description of the invention
Embodiment 1
A kind of management control system of Caulis et Folium Lactucae Sativae high temperature resistance foliage fertilizer, described management control system includes: wireless humiture sensor, Effusion meter, control device, electromagnetic valve and host computer, wherein the data of wireless humiture sensor acquisition are transmitted directly to upper Machine, effusion meter via control device the data of collection are transferred to host computer, host computer analyzed by received data after to Go out control instruction, controlled electromagnetic valve work by controlling device;
Described Caulis et Folium Lactucae Sativae high temperature resistance foliage fertilizer is mixed by the raw material of following weight portion: 500 parts of water, 20 parts of carbamide, biphosphate Ammonium 50 parts, morning glory pollen 20 parts, calcium superphosphate 8 parts, molybdenum trisulfate 4 parts, 5 parts of magnesium sulfate;
Described Chinese leaf leaven uses auto-rotating spray head to spray, and auto-rotating spray head is arranged on earth's surface and upwards sprays, electricity Magnet valve is located on pipeline, is provided with effusion meter at shower nozzle;
Described wireless humiture sensor is inserted in soil, plug in the range of each auto-rotating spray head sprays two wireless Temperature Humidity Sensor;
Described control device comprises circuit control panel, and the Data Transport Protocol between circuit control panel and described host computer is set to RS232 Data Transport Protocol;
The using method of described management control system includes herein below:
(1) the wireless humiture sensor in the range of using host computer that each auto-rotating spray head is sprayed, effusion meter, electromagnetic valve Distribute geocoding with controlling device, the soil humiture in respective range is monitored in real time;
(2) humiture is set respectively start threshold range accordingly, startup threshold range is divided into multiple span of control, each Span of control correspondence sets flow value accordingly, and after humiture reaches to start range threshold accordingly, host computer is right according to it Span of control that should be different starts electromagnetic valve by controlling device, by flow measurement constant current value, when flow value reaches to set stream During value, effusion meter gathers data and is transferred to host computer by controlling device, and host computer provides control command closedown to controlling device Electromagnetic valve.
Wherein, described wireless humiture sensor comprises sensor, single-chip microcomputer, power supply and acquisition module, wherein adopts Collection module has wireless sending and receiving to send the function of data.
Wherein, described startup threshold range is the combination of temperature range and humidity range.
Wherein, described plugging two wireless humiture sensors in the range of auto-rotating spray head sprays, two warm and humid The installation site of degree sensor sprays at 1/3rd of scope radius and at 2/3rds in auto-rotating spray head respectively.
In the present invention, control system is herein below: being gathered humiture data by Temperature Humidity Sensor, data are transferred to Position machine, real time data compared with the startup threshold range of setting, if in the range of starting threshold value, then is judged it by host computer Span of control, thus judge its corresponding setting flow value, host computer starts electromagnetic valve by controlling device, by flow measurement Constant current value, when flow value reaches corresponding setting flow value, effusion meter gathers data and is transferred to host computer by controlling device, Host computer provides control command closedown electromagnetic valve to controlling device.
Compared with the plantation of method in the present invention and matched group existing Caulis et Folium Lactucae Sativae, enter between JIUYUE 10 in August 1 summer Row experiment, in the present invention, Caulis et Folium Lactucae Sativae is compared with matched group, and the average plant height of Caulis et Folium Lactucae Sativae improves 12.8%, and fresh weight adds 42%, and dry weight increases Having added 13%, leaf area adds 29%, and facilitation effect is obvious.

Claims (4)

1. the management control system of a Caulis et Folium Lactucae Sativae high temperature resistance foliage fertilizer, it is characterised in that described management control system includes: wireless Temperature Humidity Sensor, effusion meter, control device, electromagnetic valve and host computer, wherein the data of wireless humiture sensor acquisition are straight Connecing and be transferred to host computer, the data of collection are transferred to host computer via controlling device by effusion meter, and host computer passes through to be received Provide control instruction after data analysis, controlled electromagnetic valve work by controlling device;
Described Caulis et Folium Lactucae Sativae high temperature resistance foliage fertilizer is mixed by the raw material of following weight portion: 500 parts of water, 20 parts of carbamide, biphosphate Ammonium 50 parts, morning glory pollen 20 parts, calcium superphosphate 8 parts, molybdenum trisulfate 4 parts, 5 parts of magnesium sulfate;
Described Chinese leaf leaven uses auto-rotating spray head to spray, and auto-rotating spray head is arranged on earth's surface and upwards sprays, electricity Magnet valve is located on pipeline, is provided with effusion meter at shower nozzle;
Described wireless humiture sensor is inserted in soil, plug in the range of each auto-rotating spray head sprays two wireless Temperature Humidity Sensor;
Described control device comprises circuit control panel, and the Data Transport Protocol between circuit control panel and described host computer is set to RS232 Data Transport Protocol;
The using method of described management control system includes herein below:
Use host computer each auto-rotating spray head is sprayed in the range of wireless humiture sensor, effusion meter, electromagnetic valve and Control device distribution geocoding, the soil humiture in respective range is monitored in real time;
Humiture is set respectively and starts threshold range accordingly, startup threshold range is divided into multiple span of control, each control Scope correspondence processed sets flow value accordingly, and after humiture reaches to start range threshold accordingly, host computer is corresponding according to it Different span of control starts electromagnetic valve by controlling device, by flow measurement constant current value, when flow value reaches to set flow During value, effusion meter gathers data and is transferred to host computer by controlling device, and host computer provides control command closedown electricity to controlling device Magnet valve.
The management control system of a kind of Caulis et Folium Lactucae Sativae high temperature resistance foliage fertilizer the most as claimed in claim 1, it is characterised in that described wireless temperature Humidity sensor comprises sensor, single-chip microcomputer, power supply and acquisition module, and wherein acquisition module has wireless sending and receiving to send data Function.
The management control system of a kind of Caulis et Folium Lactucae Sativae high temperature resistance foliage fertilizer the most as claimed in claim 1, it is characterised in that described actuation threshold Value scope is the combination of temperature range and humidity range.
The management control system of a kind of Caulis et Folium Lactucae Sativae high temperature resistance foliage fertilizer the most as claimed in claim 1, it is characterised in that described every certainly Dynamic rotary nozzle plugs two wireless humiture sensors in the range of spraying, the installation site of two Temperature Humidity Sensors exists respectively Auto-rotating spray head sprays at 1/3rd of scope radius and at 2/3rds.
CN201610844929.1A 2016-09-23 2016-09-23 A kind of management control system of Caulis et Folium Lactucae Sativae high temperature resistance foliage fertilizer Pending CN106249665A (en)

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CN201610844929.1A CN106249665A (en) 2016-09-23 2016-09-23 A kind of management control system of Caulis et Folium Lactucae Sativae high temperature resistance foliage fertilizer

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201610844929.1A CN106249665A (en) 2016-09-23 2016-09-23 A kind of management control system of Caulis et Folium Lactucae Sativae high temperature resistance foliage fertilizer

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Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102461447A (en) * 2010-11-05 2012-05-23 太仓戈林农业科技有限公司 Manuring irrigation system with automatic control function
JP2012179006A (en) * 2011-03-01 2012-09-20 Kaneko Shubyo Kk Device and program for controlling fertilizer application
CN203773279U (en) * 2014-03-25 2014-08-13 南京农业大学 Light-simple-type agricultural intelligent fertigation control system based on ARM
CN205213400U (en) * 2015-12-29 2016-05-11 杭州市萧山区高级技工学校 Automatic change fertigation control system
CN205266532U (en) * 2016-01-11 2016-06-01 王健 Flowers maintenance system based on internet of things
CN205584783U (en) * 2016-02-02 2016-09-21 昆明九天科技有限公司 All -weather wireless Intelligence irrigation and fertilization system

Patent Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102461447A (en) * 2010-11-05 2012-05-23 太仓戈林农业科技有限公司 Manuring irrigation system with automatic control function
JP2012179006A (en) * 2011-03-01 2012-09-20 Kaneko Shubyo Kk Device and program for controlling fertilizer application
CN203773279U (en) * 2014-03-25 2014-08-13 南京农业大学 Light-simple-type agricultural intelligent fertigation control system based on ARM
CN205213400U (en) * 2015-12-29 2016-05-11 杭州市萧山区高级技工学校 Automatic change fertigation control system
CN205266532U (en) * 2016-01-11 2016-06-01 王健 Flowers maintenance system based on internet of things
CN205584783U (en) * 2016-02-02 2016-09-21 昆明九天科技有限公司 All -weather wireless Intelligence irrigation and fertilization system

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Application publication date: 20161221