CN106245780B - Finite displacement buffering slides seat structure and assemble method - Google Patents

Finite displacement buffering slides seat structure and assemble method Download PDF

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Publication number
CN106245780B
CN106245780B CN201610847698.XA CN201610847698A CN106245780B CN 106245780 B CN106245780 B CN 106245780B CN 201610847698 A CN201610847698 A CN 201610847698A CN 106245780 B CN106245780 B CN 106245780B
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China
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sliding support
groove
finite displacement
undersetting
displacement buffering
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CN106245780A (en
Inventor
李明
高健
王浩然
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Shenyang Sanxin Industrial Co., Ltd.
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Shenyang Jianzhu University
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    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04BGENERAL BUILDING CONSTRUCTIONS; WALLS, e.g. PARTITIONS; ROOFS; FLOORS; CEILINGS; INSULATION OR OTHER PROTECTION OF BUILDINGS
    • E04B1/00Constructions in general; Structures which are not restricted either to walls, e.g. partitions, or floors or ceilings or roofs
    • E04B1/36Bearings or like supports allowing movement

Abstract

The present invention relates to steel building field, specially a kind of finite displacement buffering slides seat structure and assemble method, and the finite displacement buffering sliding support of production can be as the node bearing applied in steel building.The structure includes:Beam undersetting, beam undersetting web, beam undersetting floor, beam undersetting bottom plate, finite displacement buffering sliding support inside groove, buffer spring, finite displacement buffering sliding support ball, the outer trough floor of finite displacement buffering sliding support, finite displacement buffering sliding support outer groove web, buffer spring buckle, finite displacement buffering sliding support fix ball groove, capital cover board, nut bolt bar, column, beam.Finite displacement buffering of the present invention slides seat structure and assemble method, realizes the connection between steel structure girder and column, and connection is made to have higher safety, meets actual engineering design, construction needs.

Description

Finite displacement buffering slides seat structure and assemble method
Technical field
The present invention relates to steel building field, specially a kind of finite displacement buffering slides seat structure and assembling side Method, the finite displacement buffering sliding support of production can be as the node bearing applied in steel building.
Background technology
In steel building, especially in glass curtain wall and steel structure, since the span of beam is very big, the branch as caused by temperature stress Seat moves very big, it usually needs by the way of sliding support, discharges the displacement on bearing predetermined direction, avoids because of support displacement Caused stress.Traditional sliding support in the displacement on discharging bearing predetermined direction, is not provided with buffer unit, even The gearshift being not provided on limitation bearing predetermined direction, this bearing, when temperature change is big or earthquake, bearing can generate compared with Big displacement, when influencing the safety, especially earthquake of structure entirety, this displacement is moment, and overall structure can be caused Larger damage.For this purpose, the present invention proposes that finite displacement buffering slides seat structure and assemble method, above-mentioned ask can be effectively solved Topic, obtains good effect in engineer application.
Invention content
It is buffered the object of the present invention is to provide a kind of finite displacement and slides seat structure and assemble method, the structure and assembling Method realizes the connection between steel structure girder and column, and connection is made to have better safety, meets actual engineering design, construction It needs.
The technical scheme is that:
A kind of finite displacement buffering slides seat structure, which includes:Beam undersetting, beam undersetting web, Liang Xiazhi Seat floor, beam undersetting bottom plate, finite displacement buffering sliding support inside groove, buffer spring, finite displacement buffering sliding support rolling Pearl, finite displacement buffering sliding support outer groove web, buffer spring buckle, has the outer trough floor of finite displacement buffering sliding support Limiting moves buffering sliding support and fixes ball groove, capital cover board, nut bolt bar, column, beam, and concrete structure is as follows:
Finite displacement buffering sliding support outer groove includes the outer trough floor of finite displacement buffering sliding support, finite displacement buffering Sliding support outer groove web, buffer spring buckle, finite displacement buffering sliding support fix ball groove, hold-down support outer groove spiral shell Keyhole, hold-down support outer groove bolt hole is reserved in the quadrangle of trough floor respectively outside finite displacement buffering sliding support, is there is limiting It moves setting finite displacement in the outer trough floor of buffering sliding support and buffers sliding support outer groove web, finite displacement buffering sliding support Outer groove web surrounds box, outside the finite displacement buffering sliding support on the inside of finite displacement buffering sliding support outer groove web Finite displacement buffering sliding support is opened up in trough floor and fixes ball groove, finite displacement buffering sliding support fixes ball groove Upper setting finite displacement buffers sliding support ball;
Capital cover board is set to the top surface of column, and nut bolt bar is passed through outside capital cover board and finite displacement buffering sliding support Trough floor passes through nut check;
Finite displacement buffering sliding support inside groove is placed in finite displacement buffering sliding support outer groove, finite displacement buffering Sliding support internal groove bottom portion is located on finite displacement buffering sliding support ball, and finite displacement buffers the surrounding of sliding support inside groove Outer wall connects buffer spring per side, and finite displacement buffering sliding support fixes ball groove inner wall setting buffer spring and is buckled, leads to It crosses buffering clamp button of the spring and fixes buffer spring;
Beam undersetting tie-beam and finite displacement buffering sliding support inside groove, beam undersetting include beam undersetting web, beam Undersetting floor and beam undersetting bottom plate, setting beam undersetting web, beam undersetting floor, beam undersetting on beam undersetting bottom plate Web surrounds box, and the surrounding of beam undersetting web is per side welded grider undersetting floor;It is welded at the top of beam undersetting web with beam, Beam undersetting bottom plate is directly placed into finite displacement buffering sliding support inside groove.
The finite displacement buffering slides seat structure, the rectangular triangle of beam undersetting floor, beam undersetting floor A right-angle side be located at the outside of beam undersetting web, another right-angle side of beam undersetting floor is located at beam undersetting bottom plate On.
The finite displacement buffering slides seat structure, and the quadrangle of capital cover board opens up the outer slot bolt of hold-down support respectively Hole, the quadrangle of the outer trough floor of finite displacement buffering sliding support open up hold-down support outer groove bolt hole, hold-down support outer groove respectively The pore size of bolt hole meets the installation requirement of nut bolt bar.
The finite displacement buffering slides seat structure, and the depth of finite displacement buffering sliding support inside groove compares Liang Xiazhi Seat bottom plate is higher by 0.5-2cm, and the width and length on the inside of finite displacement buffering sliding support inside groove are than the Liang Xiazhi of beam undersetting Seat baseplate width and the big 1-3mm of length.
The finite displacement buffering slides seat structure, and finite displacement buffering sliding support fixes the big of ball groove It is small, the just hemisphere of support finite displacement buffering sliding support ball, and recessed in finite displacement buffering sliding support fixation ball Coating lubricating oil inside slot.
The finite displacement buffering slides the assemble method of seat structure, and specific assembling process is as follows:
(1) nut bolt bar is passed through to the hold-down support outer groove bolt hole of capital cover board surrounding, the band cap of nut bolt bar End connects, and joining part is welded with the bottom surface of capital cover board, and above-mentioned assembled part is welded in the top surface of column;
(2) finite displacement is buffered into trough floor outside sliding support, be lifted on the cover board of capital, and ensure that nut bolt bar is worn Hold-down support outer groove bolt hole is crossed, nut is tightened in nut bolt bar, completes finite displacement buffering sliding support outer groove and column Connection;
(3) coating lubricating oil in ball groove is fixed in finite displacement buffering sliding support, finite displacement is buffered and is slided Bearing ball be placed in finite displacement buffering sliding support fix ball groove, complete finite displacement buffering sliding support inside groove and Finite displacement buffers the installation of sliding support outer groove joining part;
(4) finite displacement buffering sliding support inside groove is placed in finite displacement buffering sliding support outer groove, using having Limiting moves the buffer spring buckle of four wall of buffering sliding support outer groove web and finite displacement buffering sliding support inside groove surrounding Buffer spring is connected, and wherein finite displacement buffering sliding support internal groove bottom portion is located on finite displacement buffering sliding support ball, Complete the assembling of finite displacement buffering sliding support inside groove;
(5) beam undersetting web top surface and the bottom surface of beam are welded, beam undersetting bottom plate is placed in finite displacement snubber slide In dynamic bearing inside groove, the assembling of finite displacement buffering sliding support is completed.
The finite displacement buffering slides the assemble method of seat structure, and the specific connection mode of buffer spring is to incite somebody to action Buffer spring is inserted on the buffer spring buckle of four wall setting of finite displacement buffering sliding support outer groove web so that buffer spring A ring be stuck in buffer spring buckle on.
The present invention's is that finite displacement buffering slides seat structure and assemble method, compared with traditional sliding support, It has the characteristics that and advantageous effect:
1st, it is provided between sliding support inside groove and finite displacement buffering sliding support outer groove due to being buffered in finite displacement Buffer spring, therefore in temperature change or earthquake, the change in displacement of bearing in the horizontal direction become when by spring constraint Change slowly, effectively prevent the damage of moment horizontal displacement or big displacement to seat structure;Meanwhile finite displacement buffering is slided Bearing inside groove can only be buffered in sliding support outer groove in finite displacement and be slided, and therefore, limit the row in the horizontal direction of bearing Journey ensure that integrally-built safety.
2nd, ball is fixed due to being provided with finite displacement buffering sliding support on finite displacement buffering sliding support outer groove Groove, therefore convenient for the installation of finite displacement buffering sliding support ball.It is also possible to finite displacement is made to buffer sliding support Inside groove slides on it along any direction, has better met the structural mechanical property requirement of release bearing horizontal displacement.
3rd, due to being provided with hold-down support outer groove bolt hole in the surrounding of finite displacement buffering sliding support outer groove, make bearing Installation become very quick and easy, precise and high efficiency.
4th, entire assembling process except the connection of beam undersetting and beam, needs to weld (can complete in factory), remaining is not required to Welding, it is easy for construction.
Description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is the graphics of beam undersetting.
Fig. 2 is the graphics of finite displacement buffering sliding support inside groove and buffer spring.
Fig. 3 is the graphics of finite displacement buffering sliding support ball.
Fig. 4 is the graphics of finite displacement buffering sliding support outer groove.
Fig. 5 is buffer spring buckle graphics.
Fig. 6 is the graphics of capital cover board.
Fig. 7 is the graphics that capital cover board and nut bolt bar are completed.
Fig. 8 is finite displacement buffering sliding support and the graphics in beam column assembling process.
Fig. 9 is buffer spring snap assembled process graphics.
Figure 10 is that buffer spring snap assembled completes graphics.
Figure 11 is the graphics that finite displacement buffering sliding support is completed with beam column.
In figure, 1 beam undersetting;2 beam undersetting webs;3 beam undersetting floors;4 beam undersetting bottom plates;5 finite displacements delay Rush sliding support inside groove;6 buffer springs;7 finite displacements buffer sliding support ball;8 finite displacements buffer sliding support outer groove Bottom plate;9 finite displacements buffer sliding support outer groove web;10 buffer springs are buckled;11 finite displacements buffering sliding support is fixed Ball groove;12 hold-down support outer groove bolts hole;13 capital cover boards;14 nut bolt bars;15 nuts;16 columns;17 beams.
Specific embodiment
As shown in Figure 1-Figure 11, finite displacement buffering of the present invention slides seat structure, mainly includes:Under beam undersetting 1, beam Bearing web 2, beam undersetting bottom plate 4, finite displacement buffering sliding support inside groove 5, buffer spring 6, has beam undersetting floor 3 Limiting moves buffering sliding support ball 7, finite displacement buffers the outer trough floor 8 of sliding support, outside finite displacement buffering sliding support Slot web 9, buffer spring buckle 10, finite displacement buffering sliding support fix ball groove 11, hold-down support outer groove bolt hole 12nd, capital cover board 13, nut bolt bar 14, nut 15, column 16, beam 17 etc., concrete structure is as follows:
As shown in Figure 1, the beam undersetting 1 of the present invention, for tie-beam 17 and finite displacement buffering sliding support inside groove 5. Beam undersetting 1 includes beam undersetting web 2, beam undersetting floor 3 and beam undersetting bottom plate 4, and beam is set on beam undersetting bottom plate 4 Undersetting web 2, beam undersetting floor 3, beam undersetting web 2 surround box, and the surrounding of beam undersetting web 2 is per side welded grider Undersetting floor 3,3 rectangular triangle of beam undersetting floor, a right-angle side of beam undersetting floor 3 are located at beam undersetting abdomen The outside of plate 2, another right-angle side of beam undersetting floor 3 are located on beam undersetting bottom plate 4.
2 top of beam undersetting web is welded with beam 17, and beam undersetting bottom plate 4 is directly placed into finite displacement buffering sliding support Inside groove 5.By the power of beam 17, uniformly diffusion is transmitted to finite displacement buffering sliding support inside groove 5 to beam undersetting floor 3.Beam undersetting The quantity of floor 3 can be calculated according to actual loading situation and be determined.
As shown in Fig. 2, the finite displacement buffering sliding support inside groove 5 of the present invention, depth is higher by than beam undersetting bottom plate 4 About 1cm, the surrounding outer wall of finite displacement buffering sliding support inside groove 5 connect buffer spring 6, the quantity root of buffer spring 6 per side It is determined according to practical engineering calculation.Under the beam of width and length than beam undersetting 1 of 5 inside of finite displacement buffering sliding support inside groove 4 width of base-plate and the big 2mm of length, to meet the needs of installation.
As shown in figure 3, the quantity of the finite displacement buffering sliding support ball 7 of the present invention, ball bearing radius and ball, according to The vertical load calculating for being transmitted to ball determines.
As shown in fig. 4-5, finite displacement of the invention buffering sliding support outer groove includes finite displacement buffering slip branch The outer trough floor 8 of seat, finite displacement buffering sliding support outer groove web 9, buffer spring buckle 10, finite displacement buffering sliding support Fixed ball groove 11, hold-down support outer groove bolt hole 12, the quadrangle difference of trough floor 8 outside finite displacement buffering sliding support Reserved hold-down support outer groove bolt hole 12, the pore size of hold-down support outer groove bolt hole 12 meets welded bands cap shank of bolt 14 Installation requirement.
Setting finite displacement buffers sliding support outer groove web 9 in trough floor 8 outside finite displacement buffering sliding support, has Limiting moves buffering sliding support outer groove web 9 and surrounds box, positioned at having for 9 inside of finite displacement buffering sliding support outer groove web Finite displacement buffering sliding support, which is opened up, in the outer trough floor 8 of limiting shifting buffering sliding support fixes ball groove 11, finite displacement It buffers sliding support and fixes setting finite displacement buffering sliding support ball 7 on ball groove 11;Finite displacement buffering slides branch The size of the fixed ball groove 11 of seat, with the hemisphere of just support finite displacement buffering sliding support ball 7, and in finite displacement It buffers sliding support and fixes 11 inside coating lubricating oil of ball groove.
The finite displacement buffering sliding support of finite displacement buffering sliding support outer groove fixes the 11 inner wall setting of ball groove Buffer spring buckle 10, for fixing buffer spring 6, the quantity of buffer spring buckle 10 is identical with the quantity of buffer spring 6.
As Figure 6-Figure 7, the quadrangle of capital cover board 13 of the invention opens up hold-down support outer groove bolt hole 12 respectively, Gu The diameter for determining bearing outer groove bolt hole 12 meets the requirement that nut bolt bar 14 passes through, and the diameter of nut bolt bar 14 is according to shearing resistance It calculates and determines.
As shown in Fig. 7-Figure 11, finite displacement buffering of the present invention slides the assemble method of seat structure, specific assembling process It is as follows:
As shown in fig. 7, nut bolt bar 14 is first passed through to the hold-down support outer groove bolt hole 12 of 13 surrounding of capital cover board, band The capped end of cap shank of bolt 14 connects with the bottom surface of capital cover board 13, and joining part is welded.Then, by above-mentioned assembled part It is welded in the top surface of column 16.
As shown in figure 8, finite displacement is buffered trough floor 8 outside sliding support, it is lifted on capital cover board 13, and ensure band Cap shank of bolt 14 passes through hold-down support outer groove bolt hole 12, and nut 15 then is tightened against nut bolt bar 14, and completion has limiting Move the connection of buffering sliding support outer groove and column 16.
Coating lubricating oil in ball groove 11 is fixed in finite displacement buffering sliding support first, then delays finite displacement It rushes sliding support ball 7 and is placed in finite displacement buffering sliding support fixation ball groove 11, complete finite displacement buffering and slide The installation of bearing inside groove 5 and finite displacement buffering sliding support outer groove joining part.
Finite displacement buffering sliding support inside groove 5 is placed in finite displacement buffering sliding support outer groove, utilization is limited The buffer spring buckle 10 of 9 four wall of displacement buffering sliding support outer groove web and 5 surrounding of finite displacement buffering sliding support inside groove Buffer spring 6 be connected, wherein 5 bottom of finite displacement buffering sliding support inside groove is located at finite displacement and buffers sliding support ball On 7, the assembling of finite displacement buffering sliding support inside groove 5 is completed.
As shown in Fig. 9-Figure 10, the specific connection mode of buffer spring 6 is that buffer spring 6 is inserted in finite displacement buffering 9 four wall of sliding support outer groove web setting buffer spring buckle 10 on, straight down so that buffer spring 6 a ring be stuck in it is slow It rushes on clamp button of the spring 10.
As shown in figure 11, by the bottom surface welding of 2 top surface of beam undersetting web and beam 17, (part work can be complete in factory Into), then beam undersetting bottom plate 4 is placed in finite displacement buffering sliding support inside groove 5, finite displacement buffering is completed and slides branch The assembling of seat.
Embodiment the result shows that, finite displacement of the invention buffering slides seat structure and assemble method:Due to limited Buffer spring is provided between displacement buffering sliding support inside groove and finite displacement buffering sliding support outer groove, therefore is become in temperature Change or during earthquake, the change in displacement of bearing in the horizontal direction changes slowly when by spring constraint, effectively prevents wink Between the damage of horizontal displacement or big displacement to seat structure;Meanwhile finite displacement buffering sliding support inside groove can only have limiting It moves in buffering sliding support outer groove and slides.Therefore, the stroke in the horizontal direction of bearing is limited, ensure that integrally-built peace Quan Xing;Ball groove is fixed due to being provided with finite displacement buffering sliding support on finite displacement buffering sliding support outer groove, Therefore convenient for the installation of finite displacement buffering sliding support ball, it is also possible to which finite displacement is made to buffer sliding support inside groove It is slided on it along any direction, has better met the structural mechanical property requirement of release bearing horizontal displacement;Due to having The surrounding that limiting moves buffering sliding support outer groove is provided with hold-down support outer groove bolt hole, makes the installation of bearing become very quick Simply, precise and high efficiency;Entire assembling process except the connection of beam undersetting and beam, needs to weld (can complete in factory), remaining is It is not required to weld, it is easy for construction.

Claims (6)

1. a kind of finite displacement buffering slides the assemble method of seat structure, which is characterized in that the structure includes:Beam undersetting, Finite displacement buffering sliding support outer groove, finite displacement buffering sliding support inside groove, buffer spring, finite displacement buffering slide branch Seat ball, capital cover board, nut bolt bar, column, beam, concrete structure are as follows:
Finite displacement buffering sliding support outer groove includes the outer trough floor of finite displacement buffering sliding support, finite displacement buffering is slided Bearing outer groove web, buffer spring buckle, finite displacement buffering sliding support fix the outer slot bolt of ball groove, hold-down support Hole, hold-down support outer groove bolt hole is reserved in the quadrangle of trough floor respectively outside finite displacement buffering sliding support, in finite displacement It buffers setting finite displacement in the outer trough floor of sliding support and buffers sliding support outer groove web, finite displacement is buffered outside sliding support Slot web surrounds box, and the finite displacement on the inside of finite displacement buffering sliding support outer groove web buffers sliding support outer groove Finite displacement buffering sliding support is opened up on bottom plate and fixes ball groove, finite displacement buffering sliding support is fixed on ball groove Finite displacement is set to buffer sliding support ball;
Capital cover board is set to the top surface of column, and nut bolt bar passes through capital cover board and the outer slot bottom of finite displacement buffering sliding support Plate passes through nut check;
Finite displacement buffering sliding support inside groove is placed in finite displacement buffering sliding support outer groove, and finite displacement buffering is slided Bearing internal groove bottom portion is located on finite displacement buffering sliding support ball, and finite displacement buffers the surrounding outer wall of sliding support inside groove Buffer spring is connected per side, finite displacement buffering sliding support fixes ball groove inner wall setting buffer spring and is buckled, by slow It rushes clamp button of the spring and fixes buffer spring;
Beam undersetting tie-beam and finite displacement buffering sliding support inside groove, beam undersetting include beam undersetting web, Liang Xiazhi Seat floor and beam undersetting bottom plate, setting beam undersetting web, beam undersetting floor on beam undersetting bottom plate, beam undersetting web Box is surrounded, the surrounding of beam undersetting web is per side welded grider undersetting floor;It is welded at the top of beam undersetting web with beam, under beam Base-plate is directly placed into finite displacement buffering sliding support inside groove;
The finite displacement buffering slides the assemble method of seat structure, and specific assembling process is as follows:
(1)By nut bolt bar pass through capital cover board surrounding hold-down support outer groove bolt hole, the capped end of nut bolt bar with The bottom surface of capital cover board connects, and joining part is welded, and above-mentioned assembled part is welded in the top surface of column;
(2)Finite displacement is buffered into trough floor outside sliding support, is lifted on the cover board of capital, and it is solid to ensure that nut bolt bar passes through Determine bearing outer groove bolt hole, nut is tightened in nut bolt bar, completes the company of finite displacement buffering sliding support outer groove and column It connects;
(3)Coating lubricating oil in ball groove is fixed in finite displacement buffering sliding support, finite displacement is buffered into sliding support Ball is placed in finite displacement buffering sliding support and fixes ball groove, completes finite displacement buffering sliding support inside groove and limited The installation of displacement buffering sliding support outer groove joining part;
(4)Finite displacement buffering sliding support inside groove is placed in finite displacement buffering sliding support outer groove, using there is limiting Move the buffer spring buckle of four wall of buffering sliding support outer groove web and the buffering of finite displacement buffering sliding support inside groove surrounding Spring is connected, and wherein finite displacement buffering sliding support internal groove bottom portion is located on finite displacement buffering sliding support ball, completes Finite displacement buffers the assembling of sliding support inside groove;
(5)Beam undersetting web top surface and the bottom surface of beam are welded, beam undersetting bottom plate is placed in finite displacement buffering slides branch In seat inside groove, the assembling of finite displacement buffering sliding support is completed.
2. finite displacement buffering described in accordance with the claim 1 slides the assemble method of seat structure, which is characterized in that Liang Xiazhi The seat rectangular triangle of floor, a right-angle side of beam undersetting floor are located at the outside of beam undersetting web, beam undersetting rib Another right-angle side of plate is located on beam undersetting bottom plate.
3. finite displacement buffering described in accordance with the claim 1 slides the assemble method of seat structure, which is characterized in that capital lid The quadrangle of plate opens up hold-down support outer groove bolt hole respectively, and the quadrangle of the outer trough floor of finite displacement buffering sliding support opens up respectively Hold-down support outer groove bolt hole, the pore size of hold-down support outer groove bolt hole meet the installation requirement of nut bolt bar.
4. finite displacement buffering described in accordance with the claim 1 slides the assemble method of seat structure, which is characterized in that has limiting The depth for moving buffering sliding support inside groove is higher by 0.5-2cm than beam undersetting bottom plate, and finite displacement is buffered in sliding support inside groove The width and length of side are bigger 1-3mm than the beam undersetting baseplate width and length of beam undersetting.
5. finite displacement buffering described in accordance with the claim 1 slides the assemble method of seat structure, which is characterized in that has limiting It moves and buffers the size that sliding support fixes ball groove, just the hemisphere of support finite displacement buffering sliding support ball, and Finite displacement buffering sliding support fixes ball inside grooves coating lubricating oil.
6. finite displacement buffering described in accordance with the claim 1 slides the assemble method of seat structure, which is characterized in that buffering elastic The specific connection mode of spring is that buffer spring is inserted in the buffering elastic of four wall setting of finite displacement buffering sliding support outer groove web On spring buckle so that a ring of buffer spring is stuck on buffer spring buckle.
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