CN106243631A - The basalt fibre of a kind of pultrusion strengthens composite of thermosetting resin and preparation method thereof - Google Patents

The basalt fibre of a kind of pultrusion strengthens composite of thermosetting resin and preparation method thereof Download PDF

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Publication number
CN106243631A
CN106243631A CN201610611731.9A CN201610611731A CN106243631A CN 106243631 A CN106243631 A CN 106243631A CN 201610611731 A CN201610611731 A CN 201610611731A CN 106243631 A CN106243631 A CN 106243631A
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basalt fibre
pultrusion
thermosetting resin
mould
composite
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姜厚文
杨树平
张伟
戴存武
王志强
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Shanxi Jin Jin Basalt Development Co Ltd
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Shanxi Jin Jin Basalt Development Co Ltd
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Priority to CN201610611731.9A priority Critical patent/CN106243631A/en
Publication of CN106243631A publication Critical patent/CN106243631A/en
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    • C08ORGANIC MACROMOLECULAR COMPOUNDS; THEIR PREPARATION OR CHEMICAL WORKING-UP; COMPOSITIONS BASED THEREON
    • C08KUse of inorganic or non-macromolecular organic substances as compounding ingredients
    • C08K13/00Use of mixtures of ingredients not covered by one single of the preceding main groups, each of these compounds being essential
    • C08K13/04Ingredients characterised by their shape and organic or inorganic ingredients
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B29WORKING OF PLASTICS; WORKING OF SUBSTANCES IN A PLASTIC STATE IN GENERAL
    • B29CSHAPING OR JOINING OF PLASTICS; SHAPING OF MATERIAL IN A PLASTIC STATE, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; AFTER-TREATMENT OF THE SHAPED PRODUCTS, e.g. REPAIRING
    • B29C70/00Shaping composites, i.e. plastics material comprising reinforcements, fillers or preformed parts, e.g. inserts
    • B29C70/04Shaping composites, i.e. plastics material comprising reinforcements, fillers or preformed parts, e.g. inserts comprising reinforcements only, e.g. self-reinforcing plastics
    • B29C70/28Shaping operations therefor
    • B29C70/40Shaping or impregnating by compression not applied
    • B29C70/50Shaping or impregnating by compression not applied for producing articles of indefinite length, e.g. prepregs, sheet moulding compounds [SMC] or cross moulding compounds [XMC]
    • B29C70/52Pultrusion, i.e. forming and compressing by continuously pulling through a die
    • B29C70/521Pultrusion, i.e. forming and compressing by continuously pulling through a die and impregnating the reinforcement before the die
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B29WORKING OF PLASTICS; WORKING OF SUBSTANCES IN A PLASTIC STATE IN GENERAL
    • B29CSHAPING OR JOINING OF PLASTICS; SHAPING OF MATERIAL IN A PLASTIC STATE, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; AFTER-TREATMENT OF THE SHAPED PRODUCTS, e.g. REPAIRING
    • B29C70/00Shaping composites, i.e. plastics material comprising reinforcements, fillers or preformed parts, e.g. inserts
    • B29C70/04Shaping composites, i.e. plastics material comprising reinforcements, fillers or preformed parts, e.g. inserts comprising reinforcements only, e.g. self-reinforcing plastics
    • B29C70/28Shaping operations therefor
    • B29C70/40Shaping or impregnating by compression not applied
    • B29C70/50Shaping or impregnating by compression not applied for producing articles of indefinite length, e.g. prepregs, sheet moulding compounds [SMC] or cross moulding compounds [XMC]
    • B29C70/52Pultrusion, i.e. forming and compressing by continuously pulling through a die
    • B29C70/525Component parts, details or accessories; Auxiliary operations
    • B29C70/528Heating or cooling
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    • C08JWORKING-UP; GENERAL PROCESSES OF COMPOUNDING; AFTER-TREATMENT NOT COVERED BY SUBCLASSES C08B, C08C, C08F, C08G or C08H
    • C08J5/00Manufacture of articles or shaped materials containing macromolecular substances
    • C08J5/04Reinforcing macromolecular compounds with loose or coherent fibrous material
    • C08J5/0405Reinforcing macromolecular compounds with loose or coherent fibrous material with inorganic fibres
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C08ORGANIC MACROMOLECULAR COMPOUNDS; THEIR PREPARATION OR CHEMICAL WORKING-UP; COMPOSITIONS BASED THEREON
    • C08KUse of inorganic or non-macromolecular organic substances as compounding ingredients
    • C08K7/00Use of ingredients characterised by shape
    • C08K7/02Fibres or whiskers
    • C08K7/04Fibres or whiskers inorganic
    • C08K7/10Silicon-containing compounds
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    • C08ORGANIC MACROMOLECULAR COMPOUNDS; THEIR PREPARATION OR CHEMICAL WORKING-UP; COMPOSITIONS BASED THEREON
    • C08JWORKING-UP; GENERAL PROCESSES OF COMPOUNDING; AFTER-TREATMENT NOT COVERED BY SUBCLASSES C08B, C08C, C08F, C08G or C08H
    • C08J2347/00Characterised by the use of homopolymers or copolymers of compounds having one or more unsaturated aliphatic radicals, at least one having two or more carbon-to-carbon double bonds; Derivatives of such polymers
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    • C08ORGANIC MACROMOLECULAR COMPOUNDS; THEIR PREPARATION OR CHEMICAL WORKING-UP; COMPOSITIONS BASED THEREON
    • C08JWORKING-UP; GENERAL PROCESSES OF COMPOUNDING; AFTER-TREATMENT NOT COVERED BY SUBCLASSES C08B, C08C, C08F, C08G or C08H
    • C08J2361/00Characterised by the use of condensation polymers of aldehydes or ketones; Derivatives of such polymers
    • C08J2361/04Condensation polymers of aldehydes or ketones with phenols only
    • C08J2361/06Condensation polymers of aldehydes or ketones with phenols only of aldehydes with phenols
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    • C08ORGANIC MACROMOLECULAR COMPOUNDS; THEIR PREPARATION OR CHEMICAL WORKING-UP; COMPOSITIONS BASED THEREON
    • C08JWORKING-UP; GENERAL PROCESSES OF COMPOUNDING; AFTER-TREATMENT NOT COVERED BY SUBCLASSES C08B, C08C, C08F, C08G or C08H
    • C08J2361/00Characterised by the use of condensation polymers of aldehydes or ketones; Derivatives of such polymers
    • C08J2361/20Condensation polymers of aldehydes or ketones with only compounds containing hydrogen attached to nitrogen
    • C08J2361/26Condensation polymers of aldehydes or ketones with only compounds containing hydrogen attached to nitrogen of aldehydes with heterocyclic compounds
    • C08J2361/28Condensation polymers of aldehydes or ketones with only compounds containing hydrogen attached to nitrogen of aldehydes with heterocyclic compounds with melamine
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    • C08JWORKING-UP; GENERAL PROCESSES OF COMPOUNDING; AFTER-TREATMENT NOT COVERED BY SUBCLASSES C08B, C08C, C08F, C08G or C08H
    • C08J2363/00Characterised by the use of epoxy resins; Derivatives of epoxy resins
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    • C08ORGANIC MACROMOLECULAR COMPOUNDS; THEIR PREPARATION OR CHEMICAL WORKING-UP; COMPOSITIONS BASED THEREON
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    • C08L2201/10Transparent films; Clear coatings; Transparent materials

Abstract

Basalt fibre composite strengthening thermosetting resin that the present invention relates to a kind of pultrusion and preparation method thereof, belongs to technical field of composite materials;It is distribution basalt fibre in thermosetting resin matrix, the raw material of following weight be prepared from: thermosetting resin 50 80 parts, basalt fibre 20 60 parts, initiator 25 parts, coloring agent 13 parts, releasing agent 13 parts, filler 48 parts;Preparation method comprises the following steps preparation, send the preheating of yarn, dispensing, mould, pultrusion, surely becomes cutting;The composite efficiency using preparation method of the present invention to produce is high, and steady quality is particularly suitable for large-scale production;It is corrosion-resistant that support made by the basalt fibre enhancing thermosetting resin of the present invention, has anti-flammability and the fire line of excellence;Can effectively improve the mechanical strength of molded body simultaneously.

Description

A kind of basalt fibre of pultrusion strengthen thermosetting resin composite and Preparation method
Technical field
The basalt fibre that the present invention relates to a kind of pultrusion strengthens composite and the preparation side thereof of thermosetting resin Method, belongs to technical field of composite materials.
Background technology
Thermosetting resin (thermosetting resin), produces chemical change after referring to resin heating, gradually hardens into Type, then be heated and do not soften, a kind of resin that can not dissolve.
Thermosetting resin has phenolic aldehyde, epoxy, amino, unsaturated polyester (UP) and silicon ether resin etc..Thermosetting resin is mainly used In manufacturing reinforced plastics, foam plastics, various electrician with moulding compound, casted article etc..Its molecular structure of thermosetting resin is body Type, it includes most condensation resin, and the advantage of thermosetting resin is that thermostability is high, and pressurized is unlikely to deform.Its shortcoming is machine Tool poor-performing, melt viscosity are high, and forming temperature is high, and product quality fluctuation is big.
Summary of the invention
The present invention overcomes the deficiencies in the prior art, technical problem to be solved to be to provide the basalt of a kind of pultrusion Composite of fiber reinforced thermosetting resin and preparation method thereof
For solving above-mentioned technical problem, the technical solution adopted in the present invention is: the basalt fibre of a kind of pultrusion strengthens The composite of thermosetting resin, distribution basalt fibre in thermosetting resin matrix, by the raw material system of following weight For forming: thermosetting resin 50-80 part, basalt fibre 20-60 part, initiator 2-5 part, coloring agent 1-3 part, releasing agent 1-3 Part, filler 4-8 part.
Described thermosetting resin is saturated polyester resin, epoxy resin, phenolic resin, melamine resin, furan Resin, polybutadiene, a kind of or mixture of any two kinds of organic siliconresin.
Described initiator is methyl ethyl ketone peroxide, peroxidized t-butyl perbenzoate, benzoyl peroxide, peroxidating isooctyl acid The tert-butyl ester, the mixture of any two kinds of peroxy dicarbonate hexichol oxygen ethyl ester;Described releasing agent be phosphate ester, ovum phosphoric acid, The one of stearates, triethanolamine oil;Described filler is Kaolin, calcium carbonate, barium sulfate, aluminium oxide, silicon dioxide One or more.
The basalt fibre of described a kind of pultrusion strengthens the preparation method of the composite of thermosetting resin, including Following steps:
A, preparation, according to product design demand, select the mould of corresponding type, and mold cleaning is clean, it is desirable to mould Tool inner surface, without dust, foreign material and other attachments, prepares basalt fibre pultrusion yarn, and basalt fibre needled mat, prepares Heating plate;
B, send yarn, mould is placed to extruding equipment assigned position, and fixes, by pre-from mould for basalt fibre pultrusion yarn Forming hole passes, and reaches predetermined radical by design technology requirement, by ready basalt fibre needled mat by predetermined Position is ready to;
C, dispensing, according to thermosetting resin formula carry out with slurry;
The preheating of d, mould, according to the specification size of mould, selects corresponding heating plate, and is attached to around mould fix, by setting Meter temperature subregion, adjusts the temperature of heating region, heats corresponding preheating time according to the specification of mould, reach when preheating time Can normally produce to said temperature;Mould is divided into three different thermals treatment zone: preheating zone temperature is 140 DEG C-150 DEG C, solidifying The temperature of Jiao Qu is 160 DEG C, and curing area temperature is 170 DEG C-180 DEG C.
E, pultrusion use hydraulic reciprocating type extruding equipment, are immersed in steeping vat by basalt fibre pultrusion yarn, and Fix adhesive sheet, after the basalt fibre pultrusion yarn boundling that will pass in advance, be fixed on pulling equipment, and start traction and set Standby, basalt fibre pultrusion yarn is pulled out from mould, after pull-out product, the company of drawing is adjusted to rational state, traction sets For alternately, product is pulled out die cavity;Hauling speed is 200-500mm/min;
F, surely become cutting, by length requirement, surface trimming molding.
The physical property of the composite that the basalt fibre of described pultrusion strengthens thermosetting resin is that Ba Keer is hard Degree >=55, fiber volume fraction/% >=40, resin insoluble matter content/% >=90, water absorption rate/%≤0.6, glass transition temperature Degree/DEG C >=80.
The basalt fibre of described a kind of pultrusion strengthens the composite of thermosetting resin, it is characterised in that institute State the basalt fibre of pultrusion strengthen the mechanical property of composite of thermosetting resin be longitudinal tensile strength/MPa >= 750, transverse tensile strength/MPa >=55, longitudinal stretching elastic modelling quantity/GPa >=40, cross directional stretch elastic modelling quantity/GPa >=8, vertical To compressive strength/MPa >=300, transverse compression intensity/MPa >=70, longitudinal compression elastic modelling quantity/GPa >=25, transverse compression bullet Property modulus/GPa >=7, buckling strength/MPa >=900, transverse bending strength/MPa >=90, interlaminar shear strength/MPa >= 28。
The basalt fibre of described a kind of pultrusion strengthens the composite of thermosetting resin, it is characterised in that institute The composite material section bar cross sectional shape code name of the basalt fibre enhancing thermosetting resin stating pultrusion is that I is I-shaped, W Wide width wing edge is I-shaped, C flute profile, L dihedral, B rectangular tube, Bs square rod, O pipe, Os pole, and Y is special-shaped.
The basalt fibre of described a kind of pultrusion strengthens the composite of thermosetting resin, it is characterised in that institute The composite material type of the basalt fibre enhancing thermosetting resin stating pultrusion is applied to carry structure, building enclosure, daylighting Goods, door and window decoration material field.
Compared with prior art the invention have the advantages that.
The composite efficiency using preparation method of the present invention to produce is high, and steady quality is particularly suitable for large-scale production.This It is corrosion-resistant that support made by the basalt fibre enhancing thermosetting resin of invention, and resistance to chemical attack fiberglass has good antimicrobial Effect and acid and alkali resistance, organic solvent and the ability of seawater corrosion effect.It is particularly well-suited to chemical building, hypogee and water conservancy project The engineerings such as building.The basalt fibre of the present invention strengthens thermosetting resin and also has anti-flammability and the fire line of excellence;Energy simultaneously Effectively improving the mechanical strength of molded body, the rigidity ratio that described basalt fibre strengthens thermoset ting resin composite support is existing Support is had to double, though the most indeformable under permanent load.
For large scale structure and complex-shaped building product, it is possible to one-shot forming manufacture, improve the entirety of building structure Property.The material that mechanical property is selected well is different, the laying direction of reinforcing material and direction difference, it is possible to obtain performance criteria is very Big composite.The most prominent is polymer matrix composites in the fabrication process, can be according to member stress situation local Strengthening, both can improve the bearing capacity of structure, that can save again material alleviates deadweight.Good decorative property polymer matrix composites Any surface finish, can be configured to various gay colours, it is also possible to produce different decorative patterns and pattern, the various dresses of suitable manufacture Plaque, large-scale embossment and art and craft sculpture etc..The light transmittance of light transmission transparent grp reaches more than 85%.For building work During journey can by structure, go along with sb. to guard him and daylighting three's comprehensive Design, it is possible to reach simplify daylighting design, reduce construction costs mesh 's.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is the preparation method of the composite of the basalt fibre enhancing thermosetting resin of a kind of pultrusion of the present invention Process chart.
In figure, labelling is as follows: 1 reinforcing material, 2 steeping vats, 3 pre-forming devices, 4 firing equipments, 5 pulling equipments, 6 cuttings Equipment.
Detailed description of the invention
Below in conjunction with specific embodiment, the invention will be further described.
Embodiment 1
The basalt fibre of a kind of pultrusion strengthens the distribution Black Warrior in the composite of thermosetting resin, thermosetting resin matrix Rock fiber, is prepared from by the raw material of following weight: epoxy resin 50 parts, basalt fibre 60 parts, peroxidating first and second Ketone, 2 parts of the mixture of peroxidized t-butyl perbenzoate, coloring agent 3 parts, triethanolamine oil 1 part, Kaolin, calcium carbonate 8 parts.
The basalt fibre of described a kind of pultrusion strengthens the preparation method of the composite of thermosetting resin, including Following steps:
A, preparation, according to product design demand, select the mould of corresponding type, and mold cleaning is clean, it is desirable to mould Tool inner surface, without dust, foreign material and other attachments, prepares basalt fibre pultrusion yarn, and basalt fibre needled mat, prepares Heating plate;
B, send yarn, mould is placed to extruding equipment assigned position, and fixes, by pre-from mould for basalt fibre pultrusion yarn Forming hole passes, and reaches predetermined radical by design technology requirement, by ready basalt fibre needled mat by predetermined Position is ready to;
C, dispensing, according to thermosetting resin formula carry out with slurry;
The preheating of d, mould, according to the specification size of mould, selects corresponding heating plate, and is attached to around mould fix, by setting Meter temperature subregion, adjusts the temperature of heating region, heats corresponding preheating time according to the specification of mould, reach when preheating time Can normally produce to said temperature;Mould is divided into three different thermals treatment zone: preheating zone temperature is 140 DEG C, gel district Temperature is 160 DEG C, and curing area temperature is 170 DEG C.
E, pultrusion use hydraulic reciprocating type extruding equipment, are immersed in steeping vat by basalt fibre pultrusion yarn, and Fix adhesive sheet, after the basalt fibre pultrusion yarn boundling that will pass in advance, be fixed on pulling equipment, and start traction and set Standby, basalt fibre pultrusion yarn is pulled out from mould, after pull-out product, the company of drawing is adjusted to rational state, traction sets For alternately, product is pulled out die cavity;Hauling speed is 300mm/min;
F, surely become cutting, by length requirement, surface trimming molding.
E, pultrusion, use hydraulic reciprocating type extruding equipment, is immersed in steeping vat by basalt fibre pultrusion yarn, and Fix adhesive sheet, after the basalt fibre pultrusion yarn boundling that will pass in advance, be fixed on pulling equipment, and start traction and set Standby, basalt fibre pultrusion yarn is pulled out from mould, after pull-out product, the company of drawing is adjusted to rational state, traction sets For alternately, product is pulled out die cavity;Hauling speed generally uses stepless speed regulation, can be according to process for manufacturing product requirement Depending on;
F, surely become cutting, by length requirement, surface trimming molding.
Embodiment 2
The basalt fibre of a kind of pultrusion strengthens the distribution Black Warrior in the composite of thermosetting resin, thermosetting resin matrix Rock fiber, is prepared from by the raw material of following weight: 80 parts of phenolic resin, and basalt fibre 20 parts, peroxidating is different pungent Tert-butyl acrylate, 5 parts of the mixture of peroxy dicarbonate hexichol oxygen, coloring agent 1 part, phosphate ester 3 parts, 4 parts of barium sulfate.
The basalt fibre of described a kind of pultrusion strengthens the preparation method of the composite of thermosetting resin, including Following steps:
A, preparation, according to product design demand, select the mould of corresponding type, and mold cleaning is clean, it is desirable to mould Tool inner surface, without dust, foreign material and other attachments, prepares basalt fibre pultrusion yarn, and basalt fibre needled mat, prepares Heating plate;
B, send yarn, mould is placed to extruding equipment assigned position, and fixes, by pre-from mould for basalt fibre pultrusion yarn Forming hole passes, and reaches predetermined radical by design technology requirement, by ready basalt fibre needled mat by predetermined Position is ready to;
C, dispensing, according to thermosetting resin formula carry out with slurry;
The preheating of d, mould, according to the specification size of mould, selects corresponding heating plate, and is attached to around mould fix, by setting Meter temperature subregion, adjusts the temperature of heating region, heats corresponding preheating time according to the specification of mould, reach when preheating time Can normally produce to said temperature;Mould is divided into three different thermals treatment zone: preheating zone temperature is 150 DEG C, gel district Temperature is 160 DEG C, and curing area temperature is 180 DEG C.
E, pultrusion use hydraulic reciprocating type extruding equipment, are immersed in steeping vat by basalt fibre pultrusion yarn, and Fix adhesive sheet, after the basalt fibre pultrusion yarn boundling that will pass in advance, be fixed on pulling equipment, and start traction and set Standby, basalt fibre pultrusion yarn is pulled out from mould, after pull-out product, the company of drawing is adjusted to rational state, traction sets For alternately, product is pulled out die cavity;Hauling speed is 200mm/min;
F, surely become cutting, by length requirement, surface trimming molding.
Embodiment 3
The basalt fibre of a kind of pultrusion strengthens the distribution Black Warrior in the composite of thermosetting resin, thermosetting resin matrix Rock fiber, is prepared from by the raw material of following weight: melamine resin 60 parts, basalt fibre 40 parts, oxygen Change butanone, 3 parts of the mixture of peroxidized t-butyl perbenzoate, coloring agent 2 parts, ovum phosphoric acid 2 parts, silicon dioxide 6 parts.
The basalt fibre of described a kind of pultrusion strengthens the preparation method of the composite of thermosetting resin, including Following steps:
A, preparation, according to product design demand, select the mould of corresponding type, and mold cleaning is clean, it is desirable to mould Tool inner surface, without dust, foreign material and other attachments, prepares basalt fibre pultrusion yarn, and basalt fibre needled mat, prepares Heating plate;
B, send yarn, mould is placed to extruding equipment assigned position, and fixes, by pre-from mould for basalt fibre pultrusion yarn Forming hole passes, and reaches predetermined radical by design technology requirement, by ready basalt fibre needled mat by predetermined Position is ready to;
C, dispensing, according to thermosetting resin formula carry out with slurry;
The preheating of d, mould, according to the specification size of mould, selects corresponding heating plate, and is attached to around mould fix, by setting Meter temperature subregion, adjusts the temperature of heating region, heats corresponding preheating time according to the specification of mould, reach when preheating time Can normally produce to said temperature;Mould is divided into three different thermals treatment zone: preheating zone temperature is 145 DEG C 5, gel district Temperature be 160 DEG C, curing area temperature is 175 DEG C.
E, pultrusion use hydraulic reciprocating type extruding equipment, are immersed in steeping vat by basalt fibre pultrusion yarn, and Fix adhesive sheet, after the basalt fibre pultrusion yarn boundling that will pass in advance, be fixed on pulling equipment, and start traction and set Standby, basalt fibre pultrusion yarn is pulled out from mould, after pull-out product, the company of drawing is adjusted to rational state, traction sets For alternately, product is pulled out die cavity;Hauling speed is 500mm/min;
F, surely become cutting, by length requirement, surface trimming molding.
Embodiment 4
The basalt fibre of a kind of pultrusion strengthens the distribution Black Warrior in the composite of thermosetting resin, thermosetting resin matrix Rock fiber, is prepared from by the raw material of following weight: polybutadiene 70 parts, basalt fibre 30 parts, peroxidating Benzoyl, 4 parts of the mixture of the peroxidating isooctyl acid tert-butyl ester, coloring agent 2 parts, triethanolamine oil 2 parts, silicon dioxide 7 parts.
The basalt fibre of described a kind of pultrusion strengthens the preparation method of the composite of thermosetting resin, including Following steps:
A, preparation, according to product design demand, select the mould of corresponding type, and mold cleaning is clean, it is desirable to mould Tool inner surface, without dust, foreign material and other attachments, prepares basalt fibre pultrusion yarn, and basalt fibre needled mat, prepares Heating plate;
B, send yarn, mould is placed to extruding equipment assigned position, and fixes, by pre-from mould for basalt fibre pultrusion yarn Forming hole passes, and reaches predetermined radical by design technology requirement, by ready basalt fibre needled mat by predetermined Position is ready to;
C, dispensing, according to thermosetting resin formula carry out with slurry;
The preheating of d, mould, according to the specification size of mould, selects corresponding heating plate, and is attached to around mould fix, by setting Meter temperature subregion, adjusts the temperature of heating region, heats corresponding preheating time according to the specification of mould, reach when preheating time Can normally produce to said temperature;Mould is divided into three different thermals treatment zone: preheating zone temperature is 140 DEG C DEG C, gel district Temperature be 160 DEG C, curing area temperature is 170 DEG C.
E, pultrusion use hydraulic reciprocating type extruding equipment, are immersed in steeping vat by basalt fibre pultrusion yarn, and Fix adhesive sheet, after the basalt fibre pultrusion yarn boundling that will pass in advance, be fixed on pulling equipment, and start traction and set Standby, basalt fibre pultrusion yarn is pulled out from mould, after pull-out product, the company of drawing is adjusted to rational state, traction sets For alternately, product is pulled out die cavity;Hauling speed is 400mm/min;
F, surely become cutting, by length requirement, surface trimming molding.
The present invention can summarize with other the concrete form without prejudice to the spirit or essential characteristics of the present invention.Therefore, nothing Opinion is from the point of view of which point, and the embodiment above of the present invention all can only be considered the description of the invention and can not limit invention, Claims indicate the scope of the present invention, and the scope of the present invention is not pointed out in above-mentioned explanation, therefore, with the present invention The suitable implication of claims and scope in any change, be all considered as being included within the scope of the claims.

Claims (8)

1. the basalt fibre of a pultrusion strengthens the composite of thermosetting resin, it is characterised in that thermosetting resin Base distribution in vivo basalt fibre, is prepared from by the raw material of following weight: thermosetting resin 50-80 part, basalt Fiber 20-60 part, initiator 2-5 part, coloring agent 1-3 part, releasing agent 1-3 part, filler 4-8 part.
The basalt fibre of a kind of pultrusion the most according to claim 1 strengthens the composite of thermosetting resin, its Being characterised by, described thermosetting resin is saturated polyester resin, epoxy resin, phenolic resin, melamine resin, furan Resin, polybutadiene, a kind of or mixture of any two kinds of organic siliconresin.
The basalt fibre of a kind of pultrusion the most according to claim 1 strengthens the composite of thermosetting resin, its Being characterised by, described initiator is that methyl ethyl ketone peroxide, peroxidized t-butyl perbenzoate, benzoyl peroxide, peroxidating are different pungent Tert-butyl acrylate, the mixture of any two kinds of peroxy dicarbonate hexichol oxygen ethyl ester;Described releasing agent is phosphate ester, ovum phosphorus Acid, stearates, the one of triethanolamine oil;Described filler is Kaolin, calcium carbonate, barium sulfate, aluminium oxide, silicon dioxide One or more.
The basalt fibre of a kind of pultrusion the most according to claim 1 strengthens the composite of thermosetting resin Preparation method, it is characterised in that comprise the following steps:
A, preparation, according to product design demand, select the mould of corresponding type, and mold cleaning is clean, it is desirable to mould Tool inner surface, without dust, foreign material and other attachments, prepares basalt fibre pultrusion yarn, and basalt fibre needled mat, prepares Heating plate;
B, send yarn, mould is placed to extruding equipment assigned position, and fixes, by pre-from mould for basalt fibre pultrusion yarn Forming hole passes, and reaches predetermined radical by design technology requirement, by ready basalt fibre needled mat by predetermined Position is ready to;
C, dispensing, according to thermosetting resin formula carry out with slurry;
The preheating of d, mould, according to the specification size of mould, selects corresponding heating plate, and is attached to around mould fix, by setting Meter temperature subregion, adjusts the temperature of heating region, heats corresponding preheating time according to the specification of mould, reach when preheating time Can normally produce to said temperature;Mould is divided into three different thermals treatment zone: preheating zone temperature is 140 DEG C-150 DEG C, solidifying The temperature of Jiao Qu is 160 DEG C, and curing area temperature is 170 DEG C-180 DEG C;
E, pultrusion use hydraulic reciprocating type extruding equipment, are immersed in steeping vat by basalt fibre pultrusion yarn, and fix Good adhesive sheet, after the basalt fibre pultrusion yarn boundling that will pass in advance, is fixed on pulling equipment, and starts pulling equipment, Basalt fibre pultrusion yarn is pulled out from mould, after pull-out product, the company of drawing is adjusted to rational state, pulling equipment hands over For carrying out, product is pulled out die cavity;Hauling speed is 200-500mm/min;
F, surely become cutting, by length requirement, surface trimming molding.
The basalt fibre of a kind of pultrusion the most according to claim 1 strengthens the composite of thermosetting resin, its Being characterised by, the physical property of the composite that the basalt fibre of described pultrusion strengthens thermosetting resin is that Ba Keer is hard Degree >=55, fiber volume fraction/% >=40, resin insoluble matter content/% >=90, water absorption rate/%≤0.6, glass transition temperature Degree/DEG C >=80.
The basalt fibre of a kind of pultrusion the most according to claim 1 strengthens the composite of thermosetting resin, its Being characterised by, the mechanical property of the composite that the basalt fibre of described pultrusion strengthens thermosetting resin is longitudinal stretching Intensity/MPa >=750, transverse tensile strength/MPa >=55, longitudinal stretching elastic modelling quantity/GPa >=40, cross directional stretch elastic modelling quantity/ GPa >=8, longitudinal compressive strength/MPa >=300, transverse compression intensity/MPa >=70, longitudinal compression elastic modelling quantity/GPa >=25, horizontal To modulus of elasticity in comperssion/GPa >=7, buckling strength/MPa >=900, transverse bending strength/MPa >=90, interlayer shear is strong Degree/MPa >=28.
The basalt fibre of a kind of pultrusion the most according to claim 1 strengthens the composite of thermosetting resin, its Being characterised by, the basalt fibre of described pultrusion strengthens the composite material section bar cross sectional shape code name of thermosetting resin and is I is I-shaped, and W wide width wing edge is I-shaped, C flute profile, L dihedral, B rectangular tube, Bs square rod, O pipe, Os circle Rod, Y is special-shaped.
The basalt fibre of a kind of pultrusion the most according to claim 1 strengthens the composite of thermosetting resin, its Being characterised by, the basalt fibre of described pultrusion strengthens the composite material type of thermosetting resin and is applied to carry structure, enclose Protection structure, daylighting goods, door and window decoration material field.
CN201610611731.9A 2016-07-30 2016-07-30 The basalt fibre of a kind of pultrusion strengthens composite of thermosetting resin and preparation method thereof Pending CN106243631A (en)

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CN109551787A (en) * 2017-09-27 2019-04-02 洛阳尖端技术研究院 A kind of advanced pultrusion method and its molding machine of composite material section bar
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* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106863835A (en) * 2017-01-11 2017-06-20 北京汽车集团有限公司 The forming method of hollow vehicle component and hollow vehicle component and automobile
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CN107245219A (en) * 2017-05-09 2017-10-13 安徽梦谷纤维材料科技有限公司 A kind of basalt high-polymer fiber reinforced resin radiator support
CN108929555A (en) * 2017-05-24 2018-12-04 江苏创曦复合材料科技有限公司 A kind of high-performance composite materials and preparation method thereof suitable for window frame
CN109551787A (en) * 2017-09-27 2019-04-02 洛阳尖端技术研究院 A kind of advanced pultrusion method and its molding machine of composite material section bar
CN108102302A (en) * 2018-01-08 2018-06-01 浙江石金玄武岩纤维股份有限公司 A kind of structural strengthening basalt fibre composite sheet and preparation method thereof
CN110539507A (en) * 2018-05-28 2019-12-06 江苏海川新材料科技有限公司 Rapid pultrusion process
CN109483913A (en) * 2019-01-09 2019-03-19 浙江新纳复合材料有限公司 A kind of low temperature fast pultrusion moulding process of composite material
CN110003620A (en) * 2019-04-22 2019-07-12 烟台美富升包装材料有限公司 A kind of glass fiber compound material and its pultrusion method

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Application publication date: 20161221