CN106242829A - A kind of overcome the soil remediation fertilizer of Radix Salviae Miltiorrhizae continuous cropping obstacle, preparation method and its usage - Google Patents

A kind of overcome the soil remediation fertilizer of Radix Salviae Miltiorrhizae continuous cropping obstacle, preparation method and its usage Download PDF

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Publication number
CN106242829A
CN106242829A CN201610737744.0A CN201610737744A CN106242829A CN 106242829 A CN106242829 A CN 106242829A CN 201610737744 A CN201610737744 A CN 201610737744A CN 106242829 A CN106242829 A CN 106242829A
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continuous cropping
straw
radix salviae
salviae miltiorrhizae
soil remediation
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尹求实
焦树茂
汪翰清
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Anhui bio Tech Co., Ltd.
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尹求实
焦树茂
汪翰清
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    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C05FERTILISERS; MANUFACTURE THEREOF
    • C05GMIXTURES OF FERTILISERS COVERED INDIVIDUALLY BY DIFFERENT SUBCLASSES OF CLASS C05; MIXTURES OF ONE OR MORE FERTILISERS WITH MATERIALS NOT HAVING A SPECIFIC FERTILISING ACTIVITY, e.g. PESTICIDES, SOIL-CONDITIONERS, WETTING AGENTS; FERTILISERS CHARACTERISED BY THEIR FORM
    • C05G3/00Mixtures of one or more fertilisers with additives not having a specially fertilising activity
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C05FERTILISERS; MANUFACTURE THEREOF
    • C05FORGANIC FERTILISERS NOT COVERED BY SUBCLASSES C05B, C05C, e.g. FERTILISERS FROM WASTE OR REFUSE
    • C05F11/00Other organic fertilisers
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C05FERTILISERS; MANUFACTURE THEREOF
    • C05GMIXTURES OF FERTILISERS COVERED INDIVIDUALLY BY DIFFERENT SUBCLASSES OF CLASS C05; MIXTURES OF ONE OR MORE FERTILISERS WITH MATERIALS NOT HAVING A SPECIFIC FERTILISING ACTIVITY, e.g. PESTICIDES, SOIL-CONDITIONERS, WETTING AGENTS; FERTILISERS CHARACTERISED BY THEIR FORM
    • C05G3/00Mixtures of one or more fertilisers with additives not having a specially fertilising activity
    • C05G3/60Biocides or preservatives, e.g. disinfectants, pesticides or herbicides; Pest repellants or attractants
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C05FERTILISERS; MANUFACTURE THEREOF
    • C05GMIXTURES OF FERTILISERS COVERED INDIVIDUALLY BY DIFFERENT SUBCLASSES OF CLASS C05; MIXTURES OF ONE OR MORE FERTILISERS WITH MATERIALS NOT HAVING A SPECIFIC FERTILISING ACTIVITY, e.g. PESTICIDES, SOIL-CONDITIONERS, WETTING AGENTS; FERTILISERS CHARACTERISED BY THEIR FORM
    • C05G3/00Mixtures of one or more fertilisers with additives not having a specially fertilising activity
    • C05G3/80Soil conditioners
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C12BIOCHEMISTRY; BEER; SPIRITS; WINE; VINEGAR; MICROBIOLOGY; ENZYMOLOGY; MUTATION OR GENETIC ENGINEERING
    • C12NMICROORGANISMS OR ENZYMES; COMPOSITIONS THEREOF; PROPAGATING, PRESERVING, OR MAINTAINING MICROORGANISMS; MUTATION OR GENETIC ENGINEERING; CULTURE MEDIA
    • C12N1/00Microorganisms, e.g. protozoa; Compositions thereof; Processes of propagating, maintaining or preserving microorganisms or compositions thereof; Processes of preparing or isolating a composition containing a microorganism; Culture media therefor
    • C12N1/14Fungi; Culture media therefor
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C12BIOCHEMISTRY; BEER; SPIRITS; WINE; VINEGAR; MICROBIOLOGY; ENZYMOLOGY; MUTATION OR GENETIC ENGINEERING
    • C12NMICROORGANISMS OR ENZYMES; COMPOSITIONS THEREOF; PROPAGATING, PRESERVING, OR MAINTAINING MICROORGANISMS; MUTATION OR GENETIC ENGINEERING; CULTURE MEDIA
    • C12N1/00Microorganisms, e.g. protozoa; Compositions thereof; Processes of propagating, maintaining or preserving microorganisms or compositions thereof; Processes of preparing or isolating a composition containing a microorganism; Culture media therefor
    • C12N1/20Bacteria; Culture media therefor

Abstract

The invention provides and a kind of overcome the soil remediation fertilizer of Radix Salviae Miltiorrhizae continuous cropping obstacle, preparation method and its usage, agricultural crop straw is mixed fermentation with straw decomposing inoculant and N, P, K fertilizer and prepares.Straw decomposing inoculant utilizes four kinds of strains to obtain through intersection antagonism cultivation, act as: bacillus subtilis;Suppression and the harmful bacteria killed in soil, pathogen.Li Trichoderma: decomposing straw fiber, quick composting straw.Lactobacillus plantarum: suppress and the insect of killing in soil and worm's ovum;Pediococcus acidilactici: release remaining from poison of Radix Salviae Miltiorrhizae.Mutually work in coordination with fertile with agricultural crop straw and N, P, K of microbial inoculum plays a role, overcome soil-borne pathogen accumulation, soil nutrient is unbalance and the inducement of the continuous cropping continuous cropping obstacle such as plant self poisoning, supplement the soil organism, optimize the crumb structure of soil, enable water conservation, draining, breathe freely, making crop root flourishing, plant is healthy and strong.

Description

A kind of overcome the soil remediation fertilizer of Radix Salviae Miltiorrhizae continuous cropping obstacle, preparation method and Purposes
Technical field
The invention belongs to agricultural fertilizer field, be specifically related to a kind of overcome Radix Salviae Miltiorrhizae continuous cropping obstacle soil remediation fertilizer, Preparation method and its usage.
Background technology
At present, China's many areas have defined the scale of high added value crops, industrialization, specialized plantation, There have been the brand of oneself, public praise, customers in a lot of areas and peasant household.But due to continuous cropping continuous cropping obstacle, cause product The land resource scarcity on ground.Many peasant households have to crop rotation or Planting in the different location, have a strong impact on market efficiency and sustainable development.
When continuous cropping continuous cropping obstacle refers to plant same crop or nearly edge crop continuously in same soil, even if Under the conditions of normal cultivation management, also there will be the phenomenon that plant strain growth dies down, yield reduces, quality declines.Main cause It is: (1) soil transmissibility pest and disease damage increases the weight of: soil-borne disease insect pest is the topmost factor in the continuous cropping obstacle factor.After carrying out continuous cropping, due to Its soil physico-chemical property and illumination, humiture, the change of gas, the life of some beneficial microbes (ammonium bacterium, nitrifier etc.) Length is suppressed, and some harmful microorganisms are bred, and the balance of nature of soil microorganism is destroyed, and does not only results in The obstacle of manure digestion process, and pest and disease damage generation is many, it is fast to spread, and increase the weight of year by year, so that Producer can only lean on increasing Dose and frequent medication control, and cause the severe contamination to environment and agricultural product.(2) soil physical and chemical property changes: continuous cropping soil Earth long-term cropping kind is single, and crop has selectivity to the absorption of nutrition and fertilizer, certainly will make the most for many years after continuous cropping In one-tenth soil, nutrient is out of proportion, especially some trace element deficiencies.(3) Auto toxicity of plant: so-called Auto toxicity Refer to that some materials that certain plants discharges are of the same race to same stubble or lower stubble or equal plant grows and produces inhibitory action Phenomenon.These materials can be secreted by overground part leaching, root system, plant residue approach such as decomposition in soil discharges, They produce material impact to metabolic activities such as the photosynthesis of plant, Nutrient Absorption.
At present, the main method overcoming Radix Salviae Miltiorrhizae continuous cropping continuous cropping obstacle is: efficent rotation, select disease-resistant variety and biology to prevent Control.Prior art does not also have the fertilizer that can effectively overcome Radix Salviae Miltiorrhizae continuous cropping continuous cropping obstacle, increase soil fertility.
Summary of the invention
It is an object of the invention to provide a kind of soil remediation fertilizer overcoming Radix Salviae Miltiorrhizae continuous cropping obstacle, overcome soil-borne disease former Bacterium accumulation, soil nutrient is unbalance and the inducement of the continuous cropping continuous cropping obstacle such as plant self poisoning, supplements the soil organism, optimizes soil Crumb structure, enable water conservation, draining, ventilative, make crop root flourishing, plant is healthy and strong.
Present invention also offers the preparation method of a kind of soil remediation fertilizer overcoming Radix Salviae Miltiorrhizae continuous cropping obstacle, through cultivating Fermentation, prepares soil remediation fertilizer.
Present invention also offers the purposes of a kind of soil remediation fertilizer overcoming Radix Salviae Miltiorrhizae continuous cropping obstacle, overcome Radix Salviae Miltiorrhizae continuous cropping Continuous cropping obstacle, improves crop yield.
The preparation method of a kind of soil remediation fertilizer overcoming Radix Salviae Miltiorrhizae continuous cropping obstacle that the present invention provides, including following step Rapid:
By crushed stalk, add straw decomposing inoculant, compost fermentation, prepare soil remediation fertilizer.
Further, crushed stalk is to 3~5cm;
Compost fermentation method particularly includes: after straw and straw decomposing inoculant mixing, building heap fermentation, fermentation temperature was at the 3rd day After reaching 60-70 DEG C, once, water content is maintained at 50%~80% in turning every day, and pH value is 6.5~7.5;After fermenting three days, Adding N, P, K fertile, continue fermentation, after the tenth day, temperature is 30-40 DEG C, and water content is 30%~50%, turning one in every two days Secondary;After fermenting the 15th day, temperature is identical with room temperature, and water content is 15%~25%, prepares soil remediation fertilizer.
Further, the addition of straw decomposing inoculant is that straw per ton adds 3~5Kg straw decomposing inoculants.Fertile the adding of N, P, K Entering amount is, and: N is fertile: straw per ton adds 1~5kg, and P is fertile: straw per ton adds 0.5~2kg, and K is fertile: straw per ton add 0.5~ 1kg。
Further, the preparation method of described straw decomposing inoculant is:
(1) bacillus subtilis, Li Trichoderma, Lactobacillus plantarum and pediococcus acidilactici are inoculated in solid culture respectively Base, cultivates;
(2) strain after step (1) is cultivated is inoculated in fluid medium respectively, cultivates;
(3) strain after step (2) is cultivated is respectively placed in fermentation tank, and volume production is cultivated;
(4) the strain mixing after step (3) volume production being cultivated, the antagonism that intersects is cultivated, and prepares straw decomposing inoculant.
Bacillus subtilis (Bacillus subtilis), Li Trichoderma (Trichoderma described in step (1) Reesei), Lactobacillus plantarum (Lactobacillus plantarum) and pediococcus acidilactici (Pediococcusacidilacticilindner) all buy from market.
Cultivating described in step (1), condition is at temperature 30 DEG C, cultivates 36~48h.
Cultivating described in step (2), condition is: at 30 DEG C, shaking flask speed 100r/min, cultivates 36~48h.
Further, step (2) described liquid culture based component is: sucrose 10g, K2HPO40.2g, CaCO3 5g,NaCl 0.4g, distilled water is settled to 1L, and the culture medium of four kinds of bacterium is identical.
Volume production described in step (3) cultivate particularly as follows: fermentation medium components is: glucose 30~60g/L, molasses 50~ 100g/L, carbamide 1~10g/L, KH2PO45~10g/L, remaining is distilled water;PH value 6.5~7.5;Volume production condition of culture is: Strain inoculum concentration is 3~10%;Cultivating 120h under at 30 DEG C, in incubation, every 12h stirring 5min, every 2h inflate 30min.
After step (3) is cultivated, in fermentation liquid, bacterium number reaches 10~15x1010/ml。
In step (4), strain is mixed by following weight ratio: bacillus subtilis 10~30%, Li Trichoderma 10~ 30%, Lactobacillus plantarum 20~40%, pediococcus acidilactici 10~50%.
Described in step (4) intersect antagonism cultivate, used medium composition is: glucose 20~40g/L, molasses 30~ 50g/L, carbamide 5~12g/L, P2O55~10g/L, KH2PO42~10g/L, remaining is distilled water pH value 6.5~7.5.
The antagonism that intersects described in step (4) is cultivated, and condition is: every 12h stirring 5min, every 2h inflation in incubation 30min, co-cultures 120h.
A kind of soil remediation fertilizer overcoming Radix Salviae Miltiorrhizae continuous cropping obstacle that the present invention provides, uses above method to be prepared into Arrive.
A kind of soil remediation fertilizer overcoming Radix Salviae Miltiorrhizae continuous cropping obstacle that the present invention provides is used as to overcome Radix Salviae Miltiorrhizae continuous cropping continuous cropping Obstacle, improves its yield.
Specifically used method is: when whole ground, and uniform spreading spreads on the ground, 1~4 ton/mu.And/or, and compound fertilizer, specially Mixing with fertilizer, spread on the ground, ploughing and weeding buries 30~40cm.And/or, whole ground ridging becomes bottom width 1.5m, the casing of high 0.8m, moves Seedling is sowed, and waters and determines root water.
Compared with prior art, the present invention is by agricultural crop straw and straw decomposing inoculant and N, P, K fertilizer mixed fermentation, wherein, Straw supplements the soil organism, builds soil water-retaining, draining, ventilative optimum crumb structure.Straw decomposing inoculant utilizes four kinds of bacterium Plant mixed culture fermentation to prepare;In incubation, the composition of culture medium act as: glucose: provide strain to spread cultivation at the beginning of volume production The nutrient of phase;Molasses: the nutrient that strain spreads cultivation volume production middle and late stage is provided;Carbamide: provide strain to spread cultivation the nitrogen element needed for volume production; Potassium dihydrogen phosphate: provide strain to spread cultivation the phosphorus needed for volume production, potassium element.Four kinds of strains are through intersecting antagonism cultivation, and its effect divides It is not: bacillus subtilis;Suppression and the harmful bacteria killed in soil, pathogen.Li Trichoderma;Decomposing straw fiber, soon Speed is become thoroughly decomposed straw.Lactobacillus plantarum: suppress and the insect of killing in soil and worm's ovum.Pediococcus acidilactici: release the poison certainly of Radix Salviae Miltiorrhizae Residual.It is provided as soil in conjunction with N, P, K fertilizer and fertility, nutrient are provided.In a word, in the present invention agricultural crop straw and straw decomposing inoculant and N, P, K are fertile the most collaborative to play a role, overcome soil-borne pathogen accumulation, soil nutrient is unbalance and the continuous cropping such as plant self poisoning even Make the inducement of obstacle, supplement the soil organism, optimize the crumb structure of soil, enable water conservation, draining, breathe freely, make crop Well developed root system, plant is healthy and strong, improves yield.
Detailed description of the invention
Embodiment 1
The preparation method of a kind of soil remediation fertilizer overcoming Radix Salviae Miltiorrhizae continuous cropping obstacle, comprises the following steps:
By crops stalk crushing to 3~5cm, straw per ton adds 5Kg straw decomposing inoculant, straw and straw decomposing inoculant to be mixed After conjunction, build heap fermentation, after fermentation temperature reached 60-70 DEG C at the 3rd day, turning every day once, water content be maintained at 50%~ 80%, pH value is 6.5~7.5;Being subsequently adding N, P, K fertile, the addition that N, P, K are fertile is: N is fertile: straw per ton adds 5kg, P Fertile: it is fertile that straw per ton adds 1.5kg, K: straw per ton adds 0.7kg;Continuing fermentation, after the tenth day, temperature is 30-40 DEG C, Water content is 30%~50%, and turning in every two days is once;After fermenting the 15th day, temperature is identical with room temperature, and water content is 15% ~25%, prepare soil remediation fertilizer.
The preparation method of described straw decomposing inoculant is:
(1) bacillus subtilis, Li Trichoderma, Lactobacillus plantarum and pediococcus acidilactici are inoculated in agar, bar respectively Part is at temperature 30 DEG C, cultivates 36~48h;
(2) strain after step (1) is cultivated is inoculated in fluid medium respectively, cultivates, at 30 DEG C, and shaking flask speed 100r/min, cultivates 36~48h;Liquid culture based component is: sucrose 10g, K2HPO40.2g, CaCO35g, NaCl 0.4g, Distilled water is settled to 1L, and the culture medium of four kinds of bacterium is identical.
(3) strain after step (2) is cultivated is respectively placed in fermentation tank, and volume production is cultivated;Fermentation medium components is: Fructus Vitis viniferae Sugar 30~60g/L, molasses 50~100g/L, carbamide 1~10g/L, KH2PO45~10g/L, remaining is distilled water;PH value 6.5~ 7.5;Volume production condition of culture is: strain inoculum concentration is 3~10%;120h is cultivated, every 12h stirring in incubation under at 30 DEG C 5min, every 2h inflate 30min.After cultivation, in fermentation liquid, bacterium number reaches 10~15x1010/ml
(4) strain after step (3) volume production being cultivated is by bacillus subtilis 30%, Li Trichoderma 15%, plant breast Bacillus 25%, the mixing of pediococcus acidilactici 30% ratio, intersection antagonism cultivation, used medium composition is: glucose 20~40g/ L, molasses 30~50g/L, carbamide 5~12g/L, P2O55~10g/L, KH2PO42~10g/L, remaining is distilled water pH value 6.5 ~7.5.Condition is: in incubation, every 12h stirring 5min, every 2h inflate 30min, co-culture 120h, prepare straw decomposing inoculant.
Soil remediation fertilizer embodiment 1 prepared and common fertilizer are applied to the trial zone (present invention of Radix Salviae Miltiorrhizae respectively Prepare fertilizer) and check plot (common fertilizer), usage amount is 2 tons every mu;Different except using fertilizer, other planting conditions are equal Identical, contrast continuous cropping per mu yield yield of being punished for being related to see table 1:
Table 1 per mu yield yield comparison Radix Salviae Miltiorrhizae yield comparison:
Title Area (mu) Trial zone yield kg/ mu Check plot yield kg/ mu
A plot 0.5 789.6 719.1
B plot 1.1 976.2 763.2
Surveying through excavation and produce, two pieces of ground averagely increase production 18.8%.
Embodiment 2
The preparation method of a kind of soil remediation fertilizer overcoming Radix Salviae Miltiorrhizae continuous cropping obstacle, comprises the following steps:
By crops stalk crushing to 3~5cm, straw per ton adds 5Kg straw decomposing inoculant, straw and straw decomposing inoculant to be mixed After conjunction, build heap fermentation, after fermentation temperature reached 60-70 DEG C at the 3rd day, turning every day once, water content be maintained at 50%~ 80%, pH value is 6.5~7.5;Being subsequently adding N, P, K fertile, the addition that N, P, K are fertile is: N is fertile: straw per ton adds 2kg, P Fertile: it is fertile that straw per ton adds 2kg, K: straw per ton adds 1kg;Continuing fermentation, after the tenth day, temperature is 30-40 DEG C, aqueous Amount is 30%~50%, and turning in every two days is once;After fermenting the 15th day, temperature is identical with room temperature, water content be 15%~ 25%, prepare soil remediation fertilizer.
The preparation method of described straw decomposing inoculant is:
(1) bacillus subtilis, Li Trichoderma, Lactobacillus plantarum and pediococcus acidilactici are inoculated in solid culture respectively Base, condition is at temperature 30 DEG C, cultivates 36~48h.;
(2) strain after step (1) is cultivated is inoculated in fluid medium respectively, cultivates, at 30 DEG C, and shaking flask speed 100r/min, cultivates 36~48h;Liquid culture based component is: sucrose 10g, K2HPO40.2g, CaCO35g, NaCl 0.4g, Distilled water is settled to 1L, and the culture medium of four kinds of bacterium is identical.
(3) strain after step (2) is cultivated is respectively placed in fermentation tank, and volume production is cultivated;Fermentation medium components is: Fructus Vitis viniferae Sugar 30~60g/L, molasses 50~100g/L, carbamide 1~10g/L, KH2PO45~10g/L, remaining is distilled water;PH value 6.5~ 7.5;Volume production condition of culture is: strain inoculum concentration is 3~10%;120h is cultivated, every 12h stirring in incubation under at 30 DEG C 5min, every 2h inflate 30min.After cultivation, in fermentation liquid, bacterium number reaches 10~15x1010/ml
(4) strain after step (3) volume production being cultivated is by bacillus subtilis 30%, Li Trichoderma 10%, plant breast Bacillus 40%, the mixing of pediococcus acidilactici 20% ratio, intersection antagonism cultivation, used medium composition is: glucose 20~40g/ L, molasses 30~50g/L, carbamide 5~12g/L, P2O55~10g/L, KH2PO42~10g/L, remaining is distilled water pH value 6.5 ~7.5.Condition is: in incubation, every 12h stirring 5min, every 2h inflate 30min, co-culture 120h, prepare straw decomposing inoculant.
Soil remediation fertilizer embodiment 2 prepared and common fertilizer are applied to the trial zone (present invention of Radix Salviae Miltiorrhizae respectively Prepare fertilizer) and check plot (common fertilizer), usage amount is 2 tons every mu;Different except using fertilizer, other planting conditions are equal Identical, continuous cropping contrast per mu yield yield of being punished for being related to see table 2:
Table 2 per mu yield yield comparison Radix Salviae Miltiorrhizae yield comparison:
Title Area (mu) Trial zone yield kg/ mu Check plot yield kg/ mu
A plot 0.6 799.6 726.2
B plot 0.9 872.2 723.5
Surveying through excavation and produce, two pieces of ground averagely increase production 15.3%.
Embodiment 3
The preparation method of a kind of soil remediation fertilizer overcoming Radix Salviae Miltiorrhizae continuous cropping obstacle, comprises the following steps:
By crops stalk crushing to 3~5cm, straw per ton adds 5Kg straw decomposing inoculant, straw and straw decomposing inoculant to be mixed After conjunction, build heap fermentation, after fermentation temperature reached 60-70 DEG C at the 3rd day, turning every day once, water content be maintained at 50%~ 80%, pH value is 6.5~7.5;Being subsequently adding N, P, K fertile, the addition that N, P, K are fertile is: N is fertile: straw per ton adds 4kg, P Fertile: it is fertile that straw per ton adds 1.5kg, K: straw per ton adds 0.8kg;Continuing fermentation, after the tenth day, temperature is 30-40 DEG C, Water content is 30%~50%, and turning in every two days is once;After fermenting the 15th day, temperature is identical with room temperature, and water content is 15% ~25%, prepare soil remediation fertilizer.
The preparation method of described straw decomposing inoculant is:
(1) bacillus subtilis, Li Trichoderma, Lactobacillus plantarum and pediococcus acidilactici are inoculated in solid culture respectively Base, condition is at temperature 30 DEG C, cultivates 36~48h.;
(2) strain after step (1) is cultivated is inoculated in fluid medium respectively, cultivates, at 30 DEG C, and shaking flask speed 100r/min, cultivates 36~48h;Liquid culture based component is: sucrose 10g, K2HPO40.2g, CaCO35g, NaCl 0.4g, Distilled water is settled to 1L, and the culture medium of four kinds of bacterium is identical.
(3) strain after step (2) is cultivated is respectively placed in fermentation tank, and volume production is cultivated;Fermentation medium components is: Fructus Vitis viniferae Sugar 30~60g/L, molasses 50~100g/L, carbamide 1~10g/L, KH2PO45~10g/L, remaining is distilled water;PH value 6.5~ 7.5;Volume production condition of culture is: strain inoculum concentration is 3~10%;120h is cultivated, every 12h stirring in incubation under at 30 DEG C 5min, every 2h inflate 30min.After cultivation, in fermentation liquid, bacterium number reaches 10~15x1010After step (3) volume production is cultivated by/ml (4) Strain in bacillus subtilis 15%, Li Trichoderma 25%, Lactobacillus plantarum 25%, pediococcus acidilactici 35% ratio mix Closing, the antagonism that intersects is cultivated, and used medium composition is: glucose 20~40g/L, molasses 30~50g/L, carbamide 5~12g/L, P2O55~10g/L, KH2PO42~10g/L, remaining is distilled water pH value 6.5~7.5.Condition is: every 12h in incubation Stirring 5min, every 2h inflate 30min, co-culture 120h, prepare straw decomposing inoculant.
Soil remediation fertilizer embodiment 3 prepared and common fertilizer are applied to the trial zone (present invention of Radix Salviae Miltiorrhizae respectively Prepare fertilizer) and check plot (common fertilizer), usage amount is 2 tons every mu;Different except using fertilizer, other planting conditions are equal Identical, continuous cropping contrast per mu yield yield of being punished for being related to see table 1:
Table 3 per mu yield yield comparison Radix Salviae Miltiorrhizae yield comparison:
Title Area (mu) Trial zone yield kg/ mu Check plot yield kg/ mu
A plot 0.8 852.5 719.2
B plot 1.2 885.2 785.2
Surveying through excavation and produce, two pieces of ground averagely increase production 15.6%.

Claims (10)

1. the preparation method of the soil remediation fertilizer overcoming Radix Salviae Miltiorrhizae continuous cropping obstacle, it is characterised in that described preparation method Comprise the following steps: by crushed stalk, add straw decomposing inoculant, compost fermentation, prepare soil remediation fertilizer;
The preparation method of described straw decomposing inoculant is:
(1) bacillus subtilis, Li Trichoderma, Lactobacillus plantarum and pediococcus acidilactici are inoculated in solid medium respectively, Cultivate;
(2) strain after step (1) is cultivated is inoculated in fluid medium respectively, cultivates;
(3) strain after step (2) is cultivated is respectively placed in fermentation tank, and volume production is cultivated;
(4) the strain mixing after step (3) volume production being cultivated, the antagonism that intersects is cultivated, and prepares straw decomposing inoculant.
The preparation method of the soil remediation fertilizer overcoming Radix Salviae Miltiorrhizae continuous cropping obstacle the most according to claim 1, its feature exists In, compost fermentation method particularly includes: after straw and straw decomposing inoculant mixing, building heap fermentation, fermentation temperature reached at the 3rd day After 60-70 DEG C, once, water content is maintained at 50%~80% in turning every day, and pH value is 6.5~7.5;After fermenting three days, add N, P, K are fertile, continue fermentation, and after the tenth day, temperature is 30-40 DEG C, and water content is 30%~50%, and turning in every two days is once; After fermenting the 15th day, temperature is identical with room temperature, and water content is 15%~25%, prepares soil remediation fertilizer.
The preparation method of the soil remediation fertilizer overcoming Radix Salviae Miltiorrhizae continuous cropping obstacle the most according to claim 1 and 2, its feature Being, in compost fermentation, the addition of straw decomposing inoculant is that straw per ton adds 3~5Kg straw decomposing inoculants.
The preparation method of the soil remediation fertilizer overcoming Radix Salviae Miltiorrhizae continuous cropping obstacle the most according to claim 1 and 2, its feature Being, in compost fermentation, the addition that N, P, K are fertile is: N is fertile: straw per ton adds 1~5kg, and P is fertile: straw per ton adds 0.5 ~2kg, K are fertile: straw per ton adds 0.5~1kg.
The preparation method of the soil remediation fertilizer overcoming Radix Salviae Miltiorrhizae continuous cropping obstacle the most according to claim 1 and 2, its feature Being, in the preparation method step (4) of straw decomposing inoculant, strain mixed proportion is: bacillus subtilis 10~30%, Richter scale wood Mycete 10~30%, Lactobacillus plantarum 20~40%, pediococcus acidilactici 10~50%.
Overcome the preparation method of the soil remediation fertilizer of Radix Salviae Miltiorrhizae continuous cropping obstacle, its feature the most according to claim 1 or 5 Being, the antagonism that intersects described in the preparation method step (4) of straw decomposing inoculant is cultivated, and used medium composition is: glucose 20 ~40g/L, molasses 30~50g/L, carbamide 5~12g/L, P2O55~10g/L, KH2PO42~10g/L, remaining is distilled water PH value 6.5~7.5.
7. according to the preparation method of the soil remediation fertilizer overcoming Radix Salviae Miltiorrhizae continuous cropping obstacle described in claim 1 or 6, its feature Being, the antagonism that intersects described in step (4) is cultivated, and condition is: in incubation, every 12h stirring 5min, every 2h inflate 30min, Co-culture 120h.
8. the soil remediation fertilizer overcoming Radix Salviae Miltiorrhizae continuous cropping obstacle, it is characterised in that use any one of claim 1-7 institute The method of stating prepares.
9. the purposes of the soil remediation fertilizer overcoming Radix Salviae Miltiorrhizae continuous cropping obstacle, it is characterised in that be used for overcoming Radix Salviae Miltiorrhizae continuous cropping Continuous cropping obstacle, improves crop yield.
The purposes of the soil remediation fertilizer overcoming Radix Salviae Miltiorrhizae continuous cropping obstacle the most according to claim 9, it is characterised in that The specifically used method overcoming the soil remediation fertilizer of Radix Salviae Miltiorrhizae continuous cropping obstacle is: when whole ground, uniform spreading spreads on the ground, 1 ~4 tons/mu;And/or, and compound fertilizer, special fertilizer mixes, spreads on the ground, and ploughing and weeding buries 30~40cm;And/or, whole ground ridging Become bottom width 1.5m, the casing of high 0.8m, sowing of transplanting seedlings, water and determine root water.
CN201610737744.0A 2016-08-26 2016-08-26 A kind of overcome the soil remediation fertilizer of Radix Salviae Miltiorrhizae continuous cropping obstacle, preparation method and its usage Pending CN106242829A (en)

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CN107033914A (en) * 2017-05-08 2017-08-11 云南石屏丽然花卉果蔬产业有限公司 The organic formulations sterilized for obstruction of vegetable continuous cropping sick soil and application
CN111183862A (en) * 2019-12-30 2020-05-22 中国科学院水利部成都山地灾害与环境研究所 Method for eliminating continuous cropping obstacle of salvia miltiorrhiza
CN111758743A (en) * 2020-07-10 2020-10-13 山东农业大学 Soil bactericide for preventing and controlling apple or pear continuous cropping obstacle and application thereof
CN112314626A (en) * 2020-11-09 2021-02-05 青岛农业大学 Preparation and application method of biological stimulator for improving activity of continuous cropping salvia miltiorrhiza seedlings

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CN104694410A (en) * 2013-12-06 2015-06-10 大连三科生物工程有限公司 Preparation method of straw decomposition agent
CN105176866A (en) * 2015-08-17 2015-12-23 天册博扬(北京)农业科技有限公司 Composite microbial flora and enzyme product thereof, and method of applying composite microbial flora and enzyme product thereof in soil restoration

Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106916771A (en) * 2017-04-25 2017-07-04 安徽瑞驰兰德生物科技有限公司 A kind of straw decomposing inoculant and using this kind of straw decomposing inoculant realize agricultural crop straw year after year continuous cropping full dose on the spot also field method
CN107033914A (en) * 2017-05-08 2017-08-11 云南石屏丽然花卉果蔬产业有限公司 The organic formulations sterilized for obstruction of vegetable continuous cropping sick soil and application
CN111183862A (en) * 2019-12-30 2020-05-22 中国科学院水利部成都山地灾害与环境研究所 Method for eliminating continuous cropping obstacle of salvia miltiorrhiza
CN111758743A (en) * 2020-07-10 2020-10-13 山东农业大学 Soil bactericide for preventing and controlling apple or pear continuous cropping obstacle and application thereof
CN112314626A (en) * 2020-11-09 2021-02-05 青岛农业大学 Preparation and application method of biological stimulator for improving activity of continuous cropping salvia miltiorrhiza seedlings

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