CN106241633B - A kind of towing winch hydraulic control system peculiar to vessel and transmission device and control method - Google Patents

A kind of towing winch hydraulic control system peculiar to vessel and transmission device and control method Download PDF

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Publication number
CN106241633B
CN106241633B CN201610706314.2A CN201610706314A CN106241633B CN 106241633 B CN106241633 B CN 106241633B CN 201610706314 A CN201610706314 A CN 201610706314A CN 106241633 B CN106241633 B CN 106241633B
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valve
way
pressure
hydraulic motor
hydraulic
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CN106241633A (en
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吴卓
葛旭甫
柳浪
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China Three Gorges University
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China Three Gorges University
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B66HOISTING; LIFTING; HAULING
    • B66DCAPSTANS; WINCHES; TACKLES, e.g. PULLEY BLOCKS; HOISTS
    • B66D1/00Rope, cable, or chain winding mechanisms; Capstans
    • B66D1/28Other constructional details
    • B66D1/40Control devices
    • B66D1/48Control devices automatic
    • B66D1/50Control devices automatic for maintaining predetermined rope, cable, or chain tension, e.g. in ropes or cables for towing craft, in chains for anchors; Warping or mooring winch-cable tension control
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B66HOISTING; LIFTING; HAULING
    • B66DCAPSTANS; WINCHES; TACKLES, e.g. PULLEY BLOCKS; HOISTS
    • B66D1/00Rope, cable, or chain winding mechanisms; Capstans
    • B66D1/02Driving gear
    • B66D1/08Driving gear incorporating fluid motors
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B66HOISTING; LIFTING; HAULING
    • B66DCAPSTANS; WINCHES; TACKLES, e.g. PULLEY BLOCKS; HOISTS
    • B66D1/00Rope, cable, or chain winding mechanisms; Capstans
    • B66D1/02Driving gear
    • B66D1/14Power transmissions between power sources and drums or barrels
    • B66D1/22Planetary or differential gearings, i.e. with planet gears having movable axes of rotation
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B66HOISTING; LIFTING; HAULING
    • B66DCAPSTANS; WINCHES; TACKLES, e.g. PULLEY BLOCKS; HOISTS
    • B66D5/00Braking or detent devices characterised by application to lifting or hoisting gear, e.g. for controlling the lowering of loads
    • B66D5/02Crane, lift hoist, or winch brakes operating on drums, barrels, or ropes
    • B66D5/24Operating devices
    • B66D5/26Operating devices pneumatic or hydraulic
    • B66D5/28Operating devices pneumatic or hydraulic specially adapted for winding gear, e.g. in mining hoists

Abstract

The present invention relates to a kind of towing winch hydraulic control system peculiar to vessel and transmission device and control methods, for marine tow, promotion, folding and unfolding load.Including hydraulic pump, hydraulic motor, speed reducer, reel, brake oil cylinder, retainer oil cylinder, control valve group, auxiliary element and pipeline.In the hydraulic wireline winch system, embedded adjustable pressure overflow valve can reach the compensation ability to wave in pressure on hydraulic motor according to the operating pressure of the variation setting overflow valve of sea situation, restriction effect to ensure that hawser is in appropriate tensioning state always.The present invention can greatly reduce the variation of tension in hawser, adapt to the requirement of different waves, it can be used for normal operation, the control of identical tension can be realized again, to ensure that steady, safety to load recycling deployment carry out, work capacity of the entire winch under complicated marine environment can effectively improve.

Description

A kind of towing winch hydraulic control system peculiar to vessel and transmission device and control method
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of towing winch hydraulic control system peculiar to vessel and transmission device and control methods, especially a kind of Compensate the sea situation winch hydraulic control system of towing cable tension variation.
Background technology
Towing winch is as most important dilatory or ocean discharge of cargo element on ship, sometimes in severe marine environmental conditions Under, hull can do rolling, pitching, heaving and heave movement, and Tensity size easily mutates in hawser.If tension in hawser It is excessive, it easily causes hawser and breaks;Cable tension is too small, and hawser will become loose and generate snarl arc around load is easy hull Bump against, causes equipment impaired.If there is above-mentioned phenomenon, then the movement of hull can seriously affect winch for ship ocean just Chang Zuoye, even more so that normal dilatory or ocean discharge of cargo becomes complex, it is difficult to complete task.Therefore, to ensure to negative Load lays recycling operation and carries out steadily, safely, and towing winch peculiar to vessel must be equipped with a kind of hydraulic control system, it has to hawser The accurate measurement of tension is set, the function of automatic constant, ensures that hawser is in appropriate tensioning state always, to reach to ocean The compensation ability of wave.
In towing hydraulic control system peculiar to vessel, embedded adjustable pressure overflow valve can set according to the variation of sea situation and overflow The operating pressure of valve is flowed, restriction effect is in pressure on hydraulic motor, to keep hawser cathetus tension constant;By using commutation Valve changes the series-parallel system of motor, realizes the switching of different working modes.The hydraulic control system not only simple structure, production It is at low cost, and entire winch also can effectively be improved in deepwater work capacity, there is more prominent practical application valence Value and economic value can be generalized to other large hydraulics lifting New Equipment Engineering field.
Invention content
The purpose of the present invention is to provide a kind of towing winch hydraulic control system peculiar to vessel and transmission device and control method, It solves complicated sea situation lower cable tension and is influenced load by ship motion to lay, recycle the difficulty that operation is difficult to smoothly complete, to change The deepwater work capacity of kind towing winch.
In order to solve the above-mentioned technical problem, the present invention proposes following technical scheme:A kind of towing winch hydraulic control peculiar to vessel System, it includes motor, and the motor is connected with constant pressure variable displacement pump, and the constant pressure variable displacement pump oil outlet is connected with pressure benefit Module and overflow valve are repaid, the oil outlet of the overflow valve takes back fuel tank.
The pressure compensation module includes three position four-way directional control valve and pilot-type relief valve, the three position four-way directional control valve and The oil inlet of pilot-type relief valve is connected with constant pressure variable displacement pump, and two oil outlets of the three position four-way directional control valve are parallel with first Shuttle valve, first shuttle valve is in parallel with the first check valve and the second check valve, first check valve and the series connection of the second check valve, It is provided with one-way throttle valve between first shuttle valve and pilot-type relief valve;The pilot-type relief valve, 3-position 4-way commutation The oil outlet of valve all takes back fuel tank by counterbalance valve;It is connected with oil pipe between first check valve and the second check valve and passes through the back of the body Pressure valve takes back fuel tank.
It is parallel with the second shuttle valve, second shuttle after the first check valve and the second check valve of the pressure compensation module It is parallel with balanced valve after valve, the balanced valve is connected with adjustable needle valve, and pilot-type relief valve is parallel with after the balanced valve, The pilot-type relief valve is connected with adjustable pressure valve constitutes constant tensile control module, in parallel after the constant tensile control module There is a fast reversal valve of height, there are two two-way hydraulic motors for connection on the height speed reversal valve.
The towing winch transmission device peculiar to vessel controlled using towing winch hydraulic control system peculiar to vessel, it includes two-way liquid The output shaft of pressure motor, one of two-way hydraulic motor is connected by first shaft coupling with the first sun gear;Another is two-way The output shaft of hydraulic motor is connected by second shaft coupling with the second sun gear, and second sun gear engages biography with planetary gear Dynamic, the planetary gear is connected by third shaft coupling with planetary reducer, the output shaft of the planetary reducer and turning for reel Axis, which is connected, transmits torque.
Towing winch transmission device peculiar to vessel is connected with checking cylinder on the third shaft coupling, and the checking cylinder passes through unidirectional Throttle valve and two-position two-way electromagnetic directional valve are connected with the second shuttle valve.
Towing winch transmission device peculiar to vessel, is connected with stopper cylinder on the planetary reducer, the stopper cylinder and two two Three-way electromagnetic valve is connected, and the oil inlet of the two-position two-way solenoid valve is gone out by third check valve and pressure reducing valve and constant pressure variable displacement pump Hydraulic fluid port is connected, and the oil return opening of the two-position two-way solenoid valve and pressure reducing valve takes back fuel tank.
The method for controlling towing winch transmission device peculiar to vessel using the hydraulic control system, it includes the following steps:
The first step, hydraulic wireline winch just pass through pressure-adjustable by normal manipulation mode decentralization weight once weight is transferred in water Power valve reduces pressure and sets grade, in this mode, when the load suffered by the hydraulic wireline winch sets grade higher than pressure, at hawser In putting rope form state, when winch load is less than pressure setting, then hawser rope closing;
Second step, when system, which is in, lays operating mode, the DT2 of three position four-way directional control valve is powered, and hydraulic motor rotates in the forward direction, It is rotated in the forward direction, load can be put down by planetary reducer band movable reel;
Third walks, and when system, which is in, lays operating mode, the DT1 of three position four-way directional control valve is powered, and hydraulic motor reversely rotates, It is reversely rotated, load can be withdrawn by planetary reducer band movable reel;
4th step, when system needs to stop, three position four-way directional control valve power-off, solenoid valves, hydraulic oil, which pushes, to be braked Cylinder piston rod is moved downward by spring effect, and two-way hydraulic motor, two-way hydraulic motor braking are held in brake tightly;Meanwhile two two Three-way electromagnetic valve is powered, and fluid pushes the bolt of stopper cylinder to move upwards after pressure reducing valve depressurizes, and clamps reel, and towing can be made negative Load steadily rests on a certain position;
The operating pressure of 5th step, adjustable pressure valve determines that cooperation pilot-type relief valve limitation is two-way according to hawser pull Hydraulic motor maximum working pressure (MWP);At the same time, pressure compensation module can compensate the operating pressure of two-way hydraulic motor, ensure Tension is constant in hawser.
The method have the advantages that:
(1)Constant tensile control module and pressure compensation module are used cooperatively, pressure is realized at any time according to different sea situations It is adjustable, to ensure that winch lays being normally carried out for recycling operation.
(2)By changing the series and parallel mode of two hydraulic motors, realizes the switching of different working modes, greatly improve The working efficiency of towing winch.
(3)The towing winch hydraulic control system can improve work capacity of the winch under complicated sea situation, have preferable Practical value and economic value may extend to other similar engineering fields.
(4)The present invention can greatly reduce the variation of tension in hawser, adapt to the requirement of different waves, can be used for normal Operation, and can realize the control of identical tension, it, can be effectively to ensure that steady, safety to load recycling deployment carry out Improve work capacity of the entire winch under complicated marine environment.
Description of the drawings
The invention will be further described with reference to the accompanying drawings and examples.
Fig. 1 is the operation principle schematic diagram of towing winch hydraulic control system peculiar to vessel proposed by the invention.
In figure:Motor 1, constant pressure variable displacement pump 2, overflow valve 3, counterbalance valve 4, one-way throttle valve 5, pilot-type relief valve 6, three Position and four-way reversing valve 7, the first shuttle valve 8, the second check valve 9, the first check valve 10, the second shuttle valve 11, adjustable needle valve 12, balanced valve 13, the fast reversal valve of two-position two-way electromagnetic directional valve 14, one-way throttle valve 15, pilot-type relief valve 16, adjustable pressure valve 17, height 18, two-way hydraulic motor 19, checking cylinder 20, pressure reducing valve 21, third check valve 22, two-position two-way solenoid valve 23, stopper cylinder 24, volume Cylinder 25, planetary reducer 26, first shaft coupling 27, the first sun gear 28, second shaft coupling 29, the second sun gear 30, third connection Axis device 31, planetary gear 32, winch tow body 33, constant tensile control module 34, pressure compensation module 35.
Specific implementation mode
Embodiments of the present invention are described further below in conjunction with the accompanying drawings.
Such as Fig. 1, a kind of towing winch hydraulic control system peculiar to vessel, it includes motor 1, and the motor 1 becomes with constant pressure Amount pump 2 is connected, and 2 oil outlet of the constant pressure variable displacement pump is connected with pressure compensation module 35 and overflow valve 3, and the overflow valve 3 goes out Hydraulic fluid port takes back fuel tank.Prevent system overload from running.
Further, the pressure compensation module 35 include three position four-way directional control valve 7 and pilot-type relief valve 6, described three The oil inlet of position and four-way reversing valve 7 and pilot-type relief valve 6 is connected with constant pressure variable displacement pump 2, and the two of the three position four-way directional control valve 7 A oil outlet is parallel with the first shuttle valve 8, and first shuttle valve 8 is in parallel with the first check valve 10 and the second check valve 9, and described first Check valve 10 and the series connection of the second check valve 9, one-way throttle valve 5 is provided between first shuttle valve 8 and pilot-type relief valve 6; The pilot-type relief valve 6, three position four-way directional control valve 7 oil outlet fuel tank is all taken back by counterbalance valve 4;First check valve 10 and second are connected with oil pipe between check valve 9 and take back fuel tank by counterbalance valve 4.
Further, it is parallel with second after the first check valve 10 of the pressure compensation module 35 and the second check valve 9 Shuttle valve 11, second shuttle valve 11 are parallel with balanced valve 13 later, and the balanced valve 13 is connected with adjustable needle valve 12, the balance Pilot-type relief valve 16 is parallel with after valve 13, the pilot-type relief valve 16 is connected with adjustable pressure valve 17 constitutes identical tension control Molding block 34, the constant tensile control module 34 are parallel with the fast reversal valve 18 of height, connect on the height speed reversal valve 18 later Two-way hydraulic motor 19 there are two connecing.
Further, the constant pressure variable displacement pump 2 and two-way hydraulic motor 19 form positive displacement pressure-control circuit, constant pressure variable displacement pump 2 outlet pressures are determined that rate of discharge is determined by load speed by maximum load.It is two-way by the fast change of reversal valve 18 two of height The connection type of hydraulic motor 19 realizes the switching of high speed small torque and low-speed big both of which.
Further, the overflow valve 3 is mounted on 2 oil outlet of constant pressure variable displacement pump, passes through the pressure of spring on regulation relief valve 3 Contracting amount sets the operating pressure of overflow valve 3, and after hydraulic system pressure reaches the setting value of overflow valve 3, overflow valve 3 starts to overflow Stream, system pressure no longer increase.
Further, the three position four-way directional control valve 7 corresponds at different operating position and changes two-way hydraulic motor 19 Rotation direction, 7 right position of three position four-way directional control valve work when two-way hydraulic motor 19 rotate in the forward direction, left position work when reversely rotate, in It stops rotating when the work of position;In addition three position four-way directional control valve 7 has manual and electronic commutation function.
Further, single by one-way throttle valve 5, pilot-type relief valve 6, three position four-way directional control valve 7, the first shuttle valve 8, first To 9 decomposition pressure compensating module 35 of valve, 19 repairing of two-way hydraulic motor can be given, the rotation direction and speed of two-way hydraulic motor 19 are changed Degree.
Further, balanced valve 13 generates enough back pressures in the oil-discharging cavity of two-way hydraulic motor 19, forms braking moment, Play the role of dynamic brake, ensures two-way hydraulic motor 19 not by overspeed operation;Only when pressure oil passes through adjustable needle valve 12 Into 13 pilot port of balanced valve, the lowering loads that could stablize.
Further, pilot-type relief valve 16 and adjustable pressure valve 17 form identical tension basic control module 34, type pilot Overflow valve 16 is used for pressure of the restriction effect on hydraulic motor.Adjustable pressure valve 17 allows remote setting pressure, and the pressure It is smaller than pilot-type relief valve 16;Pilot-type relief valve 16 completely closes under normal operating condition, is not risen to the operation of winch any It influences;When pilot-type relief valve 16 acts, the pressure of two-way hydraulic motor 19 begins to be restricted, and not by pressure compensation mould The influence of block 35 has over-voltage protecting function.
Further, when solenoid valve 14 is powered, hydraulic oil pushes 20 piston rod of checking cylinder to be moved downward by spring effect, stops Vehicle holds two-way hydraulic motor 19 tightly, and two-way hydraulic motor 19 is braked;When solenoid valve 14 powers off, by the hydraulic oil of the second shuttle valve 11 20 piston rod of checking cylinder is pushed to move upwards, brake is withdrawn, hydraulic motor action.
Further, when two-position two-way solenoid valve 23 is powered, fluid pushes 24 bolt of stopper cylinder after the decompression of pressure reducing valve 21 It moves upwards, clamps reel, rest on a certain position while towing load stabilization can be made;Two-position two-way solenoid valve 23 stops when powering off Dynamic 24 bolt of cylinder moves downward, and unclamps reel.
Further, planetary reducer 26 is mounted between two two-way hydraulic motors 19 and niggerhead 25, can be by two The power output of a two-way hydraulic motor 19 is come, and to be rotated with movable reel 25, reduction ratio can be determined according to actual condition.
Embodiment 2:
Further, the towing winch transmission device peculiar to vessel controlled using towing winch hydraulic control system peculiar to vessel, it Including two-way hydraulic motor 19, the output shaft of one of two-way hydraulic motor 19 passes through first shaft coupling 27 and the first sun gear 28 are connected;The output shaft of another two-way hydraulic motor 19 is connected by second shaft coupling 29 with the second sun gear 30, and described Two sun gears 30 are connected by third shaft coupling 31 with planetary reducer 26 with 32 engaged transmission of planetary gear, the planetary gear 32, The output shaft of the planetary reducer 26 is connected with the shaft of reel 25 transmits torque.
Further, towing winch transmission device peculiar to vessel is connected with checking cylinder 20, the system on the third shaft coupling 31 Dynamic cylinder 20 is connected by one-way throttle valve 15 and two-position two-way electromagnetic directional valve 14 with the second shuttle valve 11.
Further, towing winch transmission device peculiar to vessel, is connected with stopper cylinder 24 on the planetary reducer 26, it is described only Dynamic cylinder 24 is connected with two-position two-way solenoid valve 23, and the oil inlet of the two-position two-way solenoid valve 23 by third check valve 22 and subtracts Pressure valve 21 is connected with the oil outlet of constant pressure variable displacement pump 2, and the oil return opening of the two-position two-way solenoid valve 23 and pressure reducing valve 21 takes back oil Case.
Embodiment 3:
The method for controlling towing winch transmission device peculiar to vessel using the hydraulic control system, it includes the following steps:
The first step, hydraulic wireline winch just pass through pressure-adjustable by normal manipulation mode decentralization weight once weight is transferred in water Power valve 17 reduces pressure and sets grade, in this mode, when the load suffered by the hydraulic wireline winch sets grade higher than pressure, hawser In putting rope form state, when winch load is less than pressure setting, then hawser rope closing;
Second step, when system, which is in, lays operating mode, the DT2 of three position four-way directional control valve 7 is powered, the positive rotation of hydraulic motor 19 Turn, is rotated in the forward direction, load can be put down with movable reel 25 by planetary reducer 26;
Third walks, and when system, which is in, lays operating mode, the DT1 of three position four-way directional control valve 7 is powered, and hydraulic motor 19 reversely revolves Turn, is reversely rotated, load can be withdrawn with movable reel 25 by planetary reducer 26;
4th step, when system needs to stop, three position four-way directional control valve 7 powers off, and solenoid valve 14 is powered, and hydraulic oil pushes system Dynamic 20 piston rod of cylinder is moved downward by spring effect, and two-way hydraulic motor 19 is held in brake tightly, and two-way hydraulic motor 19 is braked;Together When, two-position two-way solenoid valve 23 is powered, and fluid pushes the bolt of stopper cylinder 24 to move upwards after the decompression of pressure reducing valve 21, clamps volume Cylinder, rests on a certain position with can making towing load stabilization;
The operating pressure of 5th step, adjustable pressure valve 17 determines that cooperation pilot-type relief valve 16 is limited according to hawser pull 19 maximum working pressure (MWP) of two-way hydraulic motor;At the same time, pressure compensation module 35 can compensate the work of two-way hydraulic motor 19 Make pressure, ensures that tension is constant in hawser.
In addition, if pilot-type relief valve 16 to be adjusted to the direction of maximum stream flow full speed rope closing, then whole flows is logical Two-way hydraulic motor 19 oil inlet of the open inflow of pilot-type relief valve 16 as pump condition is crossed, to increase putting for winch Rope speed, increasing for winch speed and then being again switched off for pilot-type relief valve 16, and 19 pressure of two-way hydraulic motor is made to increase, The speed that rope is put can be reduced again simultaneously.When reaching on some equalization point, hydraulic wireline winch is by stop motion and starts Rope closing.By adjusting the setting pressure of adjustable pressure valve 17, desired decentralization and promotion speed can be obtained.
Winch keeps more constant straight line in the case where three kinds of states such as recycling, laying, keep under the load of movement Power can significantly improve the tension variation on hawser, have preferable application effect.
Through the above description, those skilled in the art completely can be in the model without departing from this invention technological thought In enclosing, various changes and amendments are carried out all within protection scope of the present invention.The unaccomplished matter of the present invention, belongs to ability The common knowledge of field technique personnel.

Claims (5)

1. a kind of towing winch hydraulic control system peculiar to vessel, it is characterised in that:It includes motor(1), the motor(1)With Constant pressure variable displacement pump(2)It is connected, the constant pressure variable displacement pump(2)Oil outlet is connected with pressure compensation module(35)And overflow valve(3), institute State overflow valve(3)Oil outlet take back fuel tank;
The pressure compensation module(35)Including three position four-way directional control valve(7)And pilot-type relief valve(6), the 3-position 4-way changes To valve(7)And pilot-type relief valve(6)Oil inlet and constant pressure variable displacement pump(2)It is connected, the three position four-way directional control valve(7)Two A oil outlet is parallel with the first shuttle valve(8), first shuttle valve(8)With the first check valve(10)With the second check valve(9)Parallel connection, First check valve(10)With the second check valve(9)Series connection, first shuttle valve(8)And pilot-type relief valve(6)Between set It is equipped with one-way throttle valve(5);The pilot-type relief valve(6), three position four-way directional control valve(7)Oil outlet all pass through counterbalance valve (4)Take back fuel tank;First check valve(10)With the second check valve(9)Between be connected with oil pipe and pass through counterbalance valve(4)It takes back Fuel tank;
The pressure compensation module(35)The first check valve(10)With the second check valve(9)It is parallel with the second shuttle valve later (11), second shuttle valve(11)It is parallel with balanced valve later(13), the balanced valve(13)With adjustable needle valve(12)Series connection, institute State balanced valve(13)It is parallel with pilot-type relief valve later(16), the pilot-type relief valve(16)And adjustable pressure valve(17)Phase Even constitute constant tensile control module(34), the constant tensile control module(34)It is parallel with the fast reversal valve of height later(18), institute State the fast reversal valve of height(18)There are two two-way hydraulic motors for upper connection(19).
2. using a kind of towing winch peculiar to vessel that towing winch hydraulic control system peculiar to vessel is controlled transmission dress described in claim 1 It sets, it is characterised in that:It includes two-way hydraulic motor(19), one of two-way hydraulic motor(19)Output shaft pass through first Shaft coupling(27)With the first sun gear(28)It is connected;Another two-way hydraulic motor(19)Output shaft pass through second shaft coupling (29)With the second sun gear(30)It is connected, second sun gear(30)With planetary gear(32)Engaged transmission, the planetary gear (32)Pass through third shaft coupling(31)With planetary reducer(26)It is connected, the planetary reducer(26)Output shaft and reel (25)Shaft be connected transmit torque.
3. towing winch transmission device peculiar to vessel according to claim 2, it is characterised in that:The third shaft coupling(31)On It is connected with checking cylinder(20), the checking cylinder(20)Pass through one-way throttle valve(15)And two-position two-way electromagnetic directional valve(14)With Two shuttle valves(11)It is connected.
4. towing winch transmission device peculiar to vessel according to claim 2, it is characterised in that:The planetary reducer(26)On It is connected with stopper cylinder(24), the stopper cylinder(24)With two-position two-way solenoid valve(23)It is connected, the two-position two-way solenoid valve (23)Oil inlet pass through third check valve(22)And pressure reducing valve(21)With constant pressure variable displacement pump(2)Oil outlet be connected, described two Position two-way electromagnetic valve(23)And pressure reducing valve(21)Oil return opening take back fuel tank.
5. using the method for towing winch transmission device peculiar to vessel in hydraulic control system control claim 2 described in claim 1, It is characterized in that, it includes the following steps:
The first step, hydraulic wireline winch just pass through adjustable pressure valve by normal manipulation mode decentralization weight once weight is transferred in water (17)It reduces pressure and sets grade, in this mode, when the load suffered by the hydraulic wireline winch sets grade higher than pressure, at hawser In putting rope form state, when winch load is less than pressure setting, then hawser rope closing;
Second step, when system, which is in, lays operating mode, three position four-way directional control valve(7)DT2 be powered, hydraulic motor(19)Forward direction rotation Turn, passes through planetary reducer(26)Band movable reel(25)It rotates in the forward direction, load can be put down;
Third walks, when system, which is in, lays operating mode, three position four-way directional control valve(7)DT1 be powered, hydraulic motor(19)Reversed rotation Turn, passes through planetary reducer(26)Band movable reel(25)It reversely rotates, load can be withdrawn;
4th step, when system needs to stop, three position four-way directional control valve(7)Power-off, solenoid valve(14)It is powered, hydraulic oil pushes system Dynamic cylinder(20)Piston rod is moved downward by spring effect, and two-way hydraulic motor is held in brake tightly(19), two-way hydraulic motor(19)System It is dynamic;Meanwhile two-position two-way solenoid valve(23)It is powered, through pressure reducing valve(21)Fluid pushes stopper cylinder after decompression(24)Bolt it is upward Movement clamps reel, rests on a certain position with can making towing load stabilization;
5th step, adjustable pressure valve(17)Operating pressure determined according to hawser pull, coordinate pilot-type relief valve(16)Limitation Two-way hydraulic motor(19)Maximum working pressure (MWP);At the same time, pressure compensation module(35)Two-way hydraulic motor can be compensated (19)Operating pressure, ensure hawser in tension it is constant.
CN201610706314.2A 2016-08-23 2016-08-23 A kind of towing winch hydraulic control system peculiar to vessel and transmission device and control method Active CN106241633B (en)

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CN101723259A (en) * 2009-12-30 2010-06-09 安徽柳工起重机有限公司 Mounting device of fly jib of crane of automobile
CN102996555A (en) * 2012-11-28 2013-03-27 武汉船用机械有限责任公司 Automatic take-up valve bank and hydraulic system
CN103613028A (en) * 2013-11-22 2014-03-05 无锡市海联舰船附件有限公司 Towing-winch hydraulic control circuit for controlling constant tension of cables

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* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3780989A (en) * 1971-08-12 1973-12-25 E Peterson Towing winch
CN101032996A (en) * 2007-04-10 2007-09-12 浙江大学 Underwater drawing body passive heave compensation system based on constant pressure difference
CN101723259A (en) * 2009-12-30 2010-06-09 安徽柳工起重机有限公司 Mounting device of fly jib of crane of automobile
CN102996555A (en) * 2012-11-28 2013-03-27 武汉船用机械有限责任公司 Automatic take-up valve bank and hydraulic system
CN103613028A (en) * 2013-11-22 2014-03-05 无锡市海联舰船附件有限公司 Towing-winch hydraulic control circuit for controlling constant tension of cables

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