CN106240802A - Wing aerodynamic speed reducing mechanism - Google Patents

Wing aerodynamic speed reducing mechanism Download PDF

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Publication number
CN106240802A
CN106240802A CN 201610589041 CN201610589041A CN106240802A CN 106240802 A CN106240802 A CN 106240802A CN 201610589041 CN201610589041 CN 201610589041 CN 201610589041 A CN201610589041 A CN 201610589041A CN 106240802 A CN106240802 A CN 106240802A
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CN
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Patent type
Prior art keywords
screw
wing
fixing block
plate
airbrake
Prior art date
Application number
CN 201610589041
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
陈鹏
韩洁杰
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天津津宇凯创航空科技发展有限公司
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B64AIRCRAFT; AVIATION; COSMONAUTICS
    • B64CAEROPLANES; HELICOPTERS
    • B64C9/00Adjustable control surfaces or members, e.g. rudders
    • B64C9/32Air braking surfaces
    • B64C9/323Air braking surfaces associated with wings

Abstract

The invention provides a wing aerodynamic speed reducing mechanism, which includes a wing, an airbrake and a controller. The airbrake is disposed inside the wing, an opening is disposed at a position corresponding to that of the airbrake upper surface on the wing upper surface, the opening is provided with a movable plate, and the lower part of the movable plate is in fixed connection with the airbrake upper surface. First fixation blocks and second fixation blocks are respectively arranged at corresponding positions on two sides at the lower part of the airbrake, and are hinged to first pull rods and second pull rods respectively, the other ends of the first pull rods and second pull rods are hinged to first sliding blocks and second sliding blocks respectively, the first sliding blocks and the second sliding blocks are in threaded connection with first screw rods and second screw rods respectively, and the first screw rods and the second screw rods are connected to the output shafts of first screw rod motors and the output shafts of second screw rod motors. The wing aerodynamic speed reducing mechanism provided by the invention has the characteristics of simple structure and stable operation, and can quickly open the airbrake to meet operating requirements.

Description

一种机翼空气动力减速机构 One kind of aerodynamic wing reduction mechanism

技术领域 FIELD

[0001]本发明属于飞行器技术领域,尤其涉及一种机翼空气动力减速机构。 [0001] The present invention belongs to the technical field of aircraft, particularly to a deceleration mechanism aerodynamic wing.

背景技术 Background technique

[0002]目前,各个国家都在研制新的起降方式,减速就是其中的重要课题之一,飞机降落时,为了能够加快减速效果,会在机翼上增加挡板,降落的时候打开挡板增加风阻,提高减速效果,但是目前的挡板打开结构复杂,且生产成本高。 [0002] At present, each country in the development of new ways of taking off and landing, the deceleration is an important issue which, when the plane landed, in order to speed up the slowing effect, increases the shutter on the wing, landing on an open baffle increased drag, slowing effect improved, but the complexity of the current shutter open configuration, and high production costs.

发明内容 SUMMARY

[0003]本发明的目的是针对现有技术中存在的上述问题,提供一种结构简单、工作稳定,且能够快速打开减速板的机翼空气动力减速机构。 [0003] The present invention is directed to the above-described problems present in the prior art, to provide a simple structure, stable, and can quickly open the aerodynamic wing airbrake reduction mechanism.

[0004]本发明解决其技术问题所采用的技术方案是: [0004] aspect of the present invention to solve the technical problem are:

[0005] —种机翼空气动力减速机构,包括机翼、减速板和控制器,所述减速板沿竖直方向设置于机翼内部,所述机翼上表面与减速板上表面相对应的位置处设有开口,所述开口上设有与开口密闭配合的活动板,所述活动板下部与减速板上表面固定连接; [0005] - the aerodynamic wing species reduction mechanism, comprising a wing, speed brakes, and a controller, the deceleration plate in the vertical direction is provided inside the wing, the wing that corresponds to the upper surface of the surface plate reduction an opening position, the opening is provided with an opening closed with the movable plate of the movable lower plate fixedly connected with the reduction surface of the board;

[0006]所述减速板下部两侧的对应位置分别固定连接有第一固定块和第二固定块,所述第一固定块和第二固定块上分别绞接有第一拉杆和第二拉杆,所述第一拉杆和第二拉杆的另一端分别与第一滑块和第二滑块绞接,所述第一滑块和第二滑块分别螺纹连接于水平设置的第一丝杆和第二丝杆上,所述第一丝杆的一端与第一丝杆电机的输出轴连接,所述第二丝杆的一端与第二丝杆电机的输出轴连接; [0006] The reduction of the corresponding position on both sides of the lower plate are respectively fixedly connected with a first and a second fixing block fixing block, respectively, the first twist block and the second fixed block is connected with the first fixed rod and a second rod the other end of said first rod and second rod are hinged to the first slider and the second slider, the first slider and the second slider are respectively connected to a first screw thread and horizontally a second screw rod, one end of the first lead screw and the output shaft of the first motor is connected to the lead screw, one end of the second lead screw to the output shaft of the second motor is connected to the lead screw;

[0007 ]所述第一丝杆电机和第二丝杆电机分别与控制器电连接。 [0007] The first screw and the second screw machine motor are electrically connected to the controller.

[0008]进一步的,所述第一固定块和第二固定块有两组,两组所述第一固定块和第二固定块沿减速板的长度方向均匀设置。 [0008] Further, the first and second fixing block fixing block has two sets, the two sets of first and second fixing block fixed block airbrake longitudinal direction evenly arranged.

[0009]进一步的,所述第一丝杆套设于支架上,所述支架有两个,两个所述支架分别位于第一丝杆的两端。 [0009] Further, the first screw sleeve is provided on the stand, the stand has two, two at each end of the stent of the first screw.

[0010]进一步的,所述第二丝杆套设于支架上,所述支架有两个,两个所述支架分别位于第二丝杆的两端。 [0010] Further, the second screw sleeve disposed on the stent, the stent has two, two at each end of the bracket of the second screw.

[0011]进一步的,所述第一丝杆电机和第二丝杆电机分别通过固定座与机翼内部下表面固定连接。 [0011] Further, the first motor and a second screw spindle motor are connected by the lower surface of the fixing seat fixing the inner wing.

[0012]与现有技术相比,本发明产生的有益效果是: [0012] Compared with the prior art, the beneficial effects of the present invention is produced by:

[0013] (I)开启第一丝杆电机和第二丝杆电机后,第一滑块和第二滑块分别沿第一丝杆和第二丝杆的向减速板方向移动,带动第一拉杆和第二拉杆将减速板升起,使飞机在着陆时,能够快速的打开减速板,使飞机的着陆速度不至于过快。 After [0013] (I) a first opening and a second screw machine screw motor, a first slider and the second slider are decelerated along a first plate and a second screw in the screw direction, the first drive the rod and the second rod airbrake raised, the airplane during landing, speed brakes to quickly open the landing speed of the aircraft will not excessive.

[0014] (2)飞机飞行时,减速板放置于机翼内部,机翼上表面呈流线型,不影响飞机的飞行状态。 [0014] (2) aircraft, decelerating plate placed inside the wing, the wing surface is streamlined, it does not affect the flight of the aircraft.

附图说明 BRIEF DESCRIPTION

[0015]下面结合附图对本发明进一步说明: [0015] DESCRIPTION OF DRAWINGS The present invention is further:

[0016]图1为本发明的整体结构示意图; [0016] FIG. 1 is a schematic view of the overall configuration of the present invention;

[0017]图2为图1的俯视图。 [0017] FIG. 2 is a plan view of FIG. 1.

[0018]其中:1.机翼,2.减速板,3.活动板,4.第一固定块,5.第二固定块,6.第一拉杆,7.第二拉杆,8.第一滑块,9.第二滑块,10.第一丝杆,11.第二丝杆,12.第一丝杆电机,13.第二丝杆电机,14.支架,15.固定座。 [0018] wherein:........ Wing 1, 2 airbrake, the movable plate 3, a first fixing block 4, a second fixed block 5, 6 of the first rod, the second rod 7, the first 8 slider 9. The second slider 10. The first lead screw 11. The second screw, 12. The first spindle motor 13. The second spindle motor 14 bracket, 15. holder.

具体实施方式 detailed description

[0019]下面结合实施例对本发明做进一步说明: [0019] The following embodiments in conjunction with embodiments of the present invention will be further described:

[0020]如图1-2所示,本发明提供的机翼空气动力减速机构,包括机翼1、减速板2和控制器,所述减速板2沿竖直方向设置于机翼I内部,所述机翼I上表面与减速板2上表面相对应的位置处设有开口,所述开口上设有与开口密闭配合的活动板3,所述活动板3下部与减速板2上表面固定连接; [0020] shown in Figure 1-2, the present invention provides the aerodynamic wing the speed reduction mechanism, comprising a wing, the reduction plate 2 and a controller, the deceleration plate 2 in the vertical direction is provided inside the wing I, I at a position on the wing upper surface corresponding to the second surface and the reduction plate is provided with an opening, the opening is provided with an opening closed with the movable plate 3, the upper surface 2 of the lower portion of the movable plate 3 and the fixed plate reduction connection;

[0021]所述减速板2下部两侧的对应位置分别固定连接有第一固定块4和第二固定块5,所述第一固定块4和第二固定块5上分别绞接有第一拉杆6和第二拉杆7,所述第一拉杆6和第二拉杆7的另一端分别与第一滑块8和第二滑块9绞接,所述第一滑块8和第二滑块9分别螺纹连接于水平设置的第一丝杆10和第二丝杆11上,所述第一丝杆10的一端与第一丝杆电机12的输出轴连接,所述第二丝杆11的一端与第二丝杆电机13的输出轴连接; [0021] The reduction plate position corresponding to the lower portion 2 are respectively fixed to both sides of the fixing block 4 is connected to a first and a second fixing block 5, respectively, the first twist and the second fixing block 4 is connected with a first fixing block 5 a second rod 7 and pull rod 6, the other end of the first rod 6 and the second lever 7 are twisted with the first slider 8 and 9 connected to the second slider, the first slider and the second slider 8 a first screw thread 9 are respectively connected to the horizontal and 10 provided on the second screw 11, the first end of the shank 10 is connected to the output shaft of the motor 12 of the first screw, the second screw 11 a second end connected to the output shaft 13 of the screw machine;

[0022] 所述第一丝杆电机12和第二丝杆电机13分别与控制器电连接。 [0022] The first screw 12 and second screw machine motor 13 are electrically connected to the controller.

[0023]所述第一固定块4和第二固定块5有两组,两组所述第一固定块4和第二固定块5沿减速板2的长度方向均匀设置。 [0023] The first and second fixing block 4 has two sets of fixing block 5, the two sets of first block 4 and the second stationary fixing block 5 along the longitudinal direction of the deceleration plate 2 are uniformly disposed.

[0024]所述第一丝杆10套设于支架14上,所述支架14有两个,两个所述支架14分别位于第一丝杆10的两端。 [0024] The first set screw 10 disposed on the bracket 14, the bracket 14 has two brackets 14 are located at the two ends of the first screw 10.

[0025]所述第二丝杆11套设于支架14上,所述支架14有两个,两个所述支架14分别位于第二丝杆11的两端。 [0025] The second set screw 11 is provided on the bracket 14, the bracket 14 has two brackets 14 are located at the two ends of the second screw 11.

[0026] 所述第一丝杆电机12和第二丝杆电机13分别通过固定座15与机翼I内部下表面固定连接。 [0026] The first screw and the second motor 12 of the motor is fixedly connected to screw 13 by an internal fixing seat 15 are airfoil I.

[0027]本发明的工作过程: [0027] The operation of the present invention:

[0028]本发明的机翼空气动力减速机构在使用时,需要将减速板2升起的时候,控制第一丝杆电机12和第二丝杆电机13启动,使第一滑块8和第二滑块9分别沿第一丝杆10和第二丝杆11向减速板2方向移动,第一拉杆6和第二拉杆7在第一滑块8和第二滑块9的作用下将减速板2升起,第一拉杆6、减速板2和第一丝杆1及第二拉杆7、减速板2和第二丝杆11之间分别形成三角形,提高了减速板2的稳定性。 [0028] aerodynamic wing reduction mechanism of the present invention in use, it is necessary to decelerate plate 2 rises, the control of the first motor 12 and screw the second screw motor 13 starts, the first and second slider 8 two first slide screw 10 and 9, respectively, the second screw 11 moves in the direction deceleration plate 2, a first rod and a second rod 6 7 8 under the action of the first slider and the second slider 9 will decelerate along raised plate 2, a first lever 6, gear plate 2 and the first screw 1 and second rod 7, respectively, form a triangle between the reduction plate 2 and the second screw 11, the deceleration to improve the stability of the plate 2.

[0029]本发明结构简单、工作稳定,能够在飞机减速时快速打开减速板,满足使用要求。 Structure [0029] The present invention is simple, stable, fast open during slow the aircraft airbrakes, meet the requirements.

[0030]以上通过实施例对本发明的进行了详细说明,但所述内容仅为本发明的较佳实施例,不能被认为用于限定本发明的实施范围。 [0030] by the above embodiments of the present invention is described in detail, but only for the preferred embodiments of the present invention, not to be considered to define the scope of the present invention. 凡依本发明申请范围所作的均等变化与改进等,均应仍归属于本发明的专利涵盖范围之内。 Where alterations of improvement under this scope of application of the invention made by the patent shall yet fall within the scope of the present invention.

Claims (5)

  1. 1.一种机翼空气动力减速机构,其特征在于: 包括机翼、减速板和控制器,所述减速板沿竖直方向设置于机翼内部,所述机翼上表面与减速板上表面相对应的位置处设有开口,所述开口上设有与开口密闭配合的活动板,所述活动板下部与减速板上表面固定连接; 所述减速板下部两侧的对应位置分别固定连接有第一固定块和第二固定块,所述第一固定块和第二固定块上分别绞接有第一拉杆和第二拉杆,所述第一拉杆和第二拉杆的另一端分别与第一滑块和第二滑块绞接,所述第一滑块和第二滑块分别螺纹连接于水平设置的第一丝杆和第二丝杆上,所述第一丝杆的一端与第一丝杆电机的输出轴连接,所述第二丝杆的一端与第二丝杆电机的输出轴连接; 所述第一丝杆电机和第二丝杆电机分别与控制器电连接。 An aerodynamic wing reduction mechanism, characterized by: a wing panel, and controls the deceleration, the reduction in the vertical direction plate provided inside the wing, the surface of the upper wing plate surface deceleration provided at a position corresponding to the opening, said opening provided with a movable plate cooperating with the opening closed, the movable lower plate surface of the fixed plate is connected with the deceleration; the corresponding position of the lower sides of the plates are fixedly connected with the reduction a first and a second fixing block fixing block, said first and second fixing blocks fixing block are respectively articulated a first lever and a second rod, the other end of said first rod and second rod, respectively, with the first hinged slider and the second slider, the first slider and the second slider are screwed to the first screw and a second screw disposed horizontally, the first end of the first screw an output shaft connected to the motor lead screw, one end of the second lead screw motor to the output shaft of the second screw connection; the first screw and the second screw machine motor are electrically connected to the controller.
  2. 2.根据权利要求1所述的机翼空气动力减速机构,其特征在于:所述第一固定块和第二固定块有两组,两组所述第一固定块和第二固定块沿减速板的长度方向均匀设置。 The speed reduction mechanism of the aerodynamic airfoil of claim 1, wherein: said first and second fixing block fixing block has two sets, the two sets of first and second fixing block fixing block along deceleration longitudinal direction of the plate are uniformly disposed.
  3. 3.根据权利要求1所述的机翼空气动力减速机构,其特征在于:所述第一丝杆套设于支架上,所述支架有两个,两个所述支架分别位于第一丝杆的两端。 The aerodynamic wing reduction mechanism according to claim 1, wherein: said first screw sleeve is provided on the stand, the stand has two, the two brackets are located in a first screw at both ends.
  4. 4.根据权利要求1所述的机翼空气动力减速机构,其特征在于:所述第二丝杆套设于支架上,所述支架有两个,两个所述支架分别位于第二丝杆的两端。 The aerodynamic wing according to claim 1, wherein said speed reduction mechanism, characterized in that: said second screw sleeve is provided on the stand, the stand has two, the two brackets are located in a second screw at both ends.
  5. 5.根据权利要求1所述的机翼空气动力减速机构,其特征在于:所述第一丝杆电机和第二丝杆电机分别通过固定座与机翼内部下表面固定连接。 The aerodynamic wing reduction mechanism according to claim 1, wherein: said first and second screw machine screw motor are fixedly connected through the lower surface of the fixing base and the interior of the wing.
CN 201610589041 2016-07-20 2016-07-20 Wing aerodynamic speed reducing mechanism CN106240802A (en)

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Citations (9)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3360218A (en) * 1965-06-14 1967-12-26 Wendell S Miller Vertical take-off aircraft
US20090284016A1 (en) * 2008-05-16 2009-11-19 Frontier Wind, Llc Wind turbine with gust compensating air deflector
KR101094888B1 (en) * 2004-04-20 2011-12-15 한국항공우주산업 주식회사 Retractable Deflector for Aircraft Auxiliary Power Unit
CN102511987A (en) * 2011-12-15 2012-06-27 广州物联家信息科技股份有限公司 Stretching and lifting device and integrated table with same for displayer
CN102619677A (en) * 2011-01-28 2012-08-01 通用电气公司 Actuatable surface features for wind turbine rotor blades
CN102953926A (en) * 2011-08-25 2013-03-06 通用电气公司 Rotor blade assembly and method for adjusting loading capability of rotor blade
DE202015102982U1 (en) * 2015-06-09 2015-06-24 Waldemar Mezler Wing in particular an aircraft
CN204802924U (en) * 2015-07-22 2015-11-25 浙江工业大学 Pneumatize jack -up supporting mechanism
CN205022848U (en) * 2015-10-10 2016-02-10 扬州新棱机械制造有限公司 Wing speed reduction baffle controlling means

Patent Citations (9)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3360218A (en) * 1965-06-14 1967-12-26 Wendell S Miller Vertical take-off aircraft
KR101094888B1 (en) * 2004-04-20 2011-12-15 한국항공우주산업 주식회사 Retractable Deflector for Aircraft Auxiliary Power Unit
US20090284016A1 (en) * 2008-05-16 2009-11-19 Frontier Wind, Llc Wind turbine with gust compensating air deflector
CN102619677A (en) * 2011-01-28 2012-08-01 通用电气公司 Actuatable surface features for wind turbine rotor blades
CN102953926A (en) * 2011-08-25 2013-03-06 通用电气公司 Rotor blade assembly and method for adjusting loading capability of rotor blade
CN102511987A (en) * 2011-12-15 2012-06-27 广州物联家信息科技股份有限公司 Stretching and lifting device and integrated table with same for displayer
DE202015102982U1 (en) * 2015-06-09 2015-06-24 Waldemar Mezler Wing in particular an aircraft
CN204802924U (en) * 2015-07-22 2015-11-25 浙江工业大学 Pneumatize jack -up supporting mechanism
CN205022848U (en) * 2015-10-10 2016-02-10 扬州新棱机械制造有限公司 Wing speed reduction baffle controlling means

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