CN106239380A - Dry abrasive feeding device - Google Patents

Dry abrasive feeding device Download PDF

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Publication number
CN106239380A
CN106239380A CN 201610778979 CN201610778979A CN106239380A CN 106239380 A CN106239380 A CN 106239380A CN 201610778979 CN201610778979 CN 201610778979 CN 201610778979 A CN201610778979 A CN 201610778979A CN 106239380 A CN106239380 A CN 106239380A
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CN
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Prior art keywords
abrasive
feeding
box
dry
transition
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CN 201610778979
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
韩彩红
陈正文
薛胜雄
巴胜富
王永强
任启乐
朱华清
庞雷
鲁飞
苏吉鑫
曲玉栋
张的
文宏刚
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合肥通用机械研究院
合肥通用环境控制技术有限责任公司
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Abstract

The invention belongs to the technical field of abrasive jet flow, and particularly relates to a dry abrasive feeding device. The dry abrasive feeding device comprises a sand adding box and a transition box. The transition box is arranged on the lower side of an abrasive outlet of the sand adding box. The dry abrasive feeding device further comprises a second outlet control mechanism which is arranged at a discharging outlet of the transition box and has the block-cleaning function. According to the dry abrasive feeding device, the transition box and the second outlet control mechanism are arranged and matched with each other, and thus the problems that dry abrasive conveying and feeding are unstable, blocking can happen easily and concentration is uneven in the surface pretreatment protection technology of the abrasive jet flow are solved successfully. Moreover, all the functions can achieve remote control, and due to the original pressure conveying technology and transition box design, abrasive feeding stability and evenness are guaranteed. An abrasive feeding pipeline can further achieve the self-dredging and anti-clogging function, and thus a traditional conveying mode and technology can be replaced.

Description

一种干磨料供料装置 An abrasive feed device dryness

技术领域 FIELD

[0001 ]本发明属于磨料射流技术领域,具体涉及一种干磨料供料装置。 [0001] The present invention belongs to the field of abrasive water jet technology, particularly to a dry abrasive feed device.

背景技术 Background technique

[0002]磨料是磨料射流表面预处理工艺必不可少的工作介质,其传统的干磨料供给方式是直接在加砂箱下安装一个砂阀和出砂口,吸砂管与出砂口直接连接,由于砂箱料位始末的差异及吸砂管路阻力的变化,因而往往存在供砂不均匀、出口易堵塞、系统难维护等缺点,使得磨料射流表面预处理工艺始终存在作业效果不均匀及难维护等缺陷。 [0002] The abrasive surface preparation process is essential to abrasive jet working medium conventional dry abrasive material is supplied in the embodiment is mounted directly to the sand at a sand tank outlet valve and sand, sand and the sand suction tube connection port directly , since the beginning and end of the filling level difference flask and sand suction pipe resistance changes, which often exist for non-uniform sand, easy to plug the outlet, the system difficult to maintain other shortcomings, such that the abrasive jet is always present uneven surface pretreatment operations and effects difficult to maintain and other defects.

发明内容 SUMMARY

[0003]根据现有技术中存在的问题,本发明提供了一套全新的干磨料供给装置,既能实现稳定、均匀、连续供砂,又具有磨料供给管路自疏通和防堵塞功能。 [0003] According to the prior art problems, the present invention provides a new dry abrasive material supply unit, both to achieve a stable, uniform, continuous supply of sand, but also clear from an abrasive supply line and anti-jam function.

[0004]为了解决上述问题,本发明采用以下技术方案: [0004] In order to solve the above problems, the present invention employs the following technical solution:

[0005] —种干磨料供料装置,包括加砂箱,本装置还包括过渡箱,所述过渡箱设置在加砂箱的磨料出口下侧;本装置还包括设置在过渡箱出料口处的具有清堵功能的第二出口控制机构。 [0005] - Dry abrasive species supply means, comprising a sand box, the apparatus further comprises a transition box, the box is provided at the transition abrasive sand outlet-side tank; present apparatus further includes a discharge port provided at the transition box It is having a second outlet control mechanism - blocking function.

[0006]优选的,所述过渡箱的上部开口面积大于加砂箱的磨料出口面积,且过渡箱的上部开口为敞开式设计或带有可透气的盖板,所述加砂箱的磨料出口伸入在过渡箱上部开口中的深度至少为50mm。 The opening area of ​​the upper [0006] Preferably, the transition box being greater than the outlet area of ​​the abrasive flask, and an upper opening for the transition box open design with a breathable or cover, the abrasive sand tank outlet in the transition box extends into the upper opening of the depth of at least 50mm.

[0007]作为本发明的第一种优选方案,所述第二出口控制机构包括出口控制阀及三通;所述出口控制阀包括阀体、阀芯、旋转针、第一驱动机构、阀座、第二驱动机构;所述阀体上设置有与过渡箱出料口相对应的吸砂口,所述阀体的出料口与三通的进料口相连;所述阀芯及阀座均安装在阀体内部,且阀芯的中轴线与三通进料口的中轴线重合;所述旋转针固设在阀芯上并伸出阀芯头端,且旋转针伸入在三通进料口的内部,所述第一驱动机构设置在阀芯的远离旋转针的一端,第一驱动机构与阀芯相连,并可驱动阀芯以及旋转针绕其轴向旋转;所述第二驱动机构与第一驱动机构相连,并可驱动第一驱动机构、阀芯、旋转针沿轴向移动以使得阀芯压紧阀座的密封面而关闭出口控制阀;所述三通的出料口与输送管路连接,三通的疏堵口与清理疏堵管路相连。 [0007] As a first preferred embodiment of the present invention, the control means comprises a second outlet and an outlet three-way control valve; the outlet control valve includes a valve body, the valve body, the rotating needle, the first driving mechanism, a valve seat second drive means; transition box is provided with a discharge opening corresponding to a sand suction port of the valve body discharge opening of the three-way inlet valve connected to said; the valve body and the valve seat They are mounted inside the valve body, and the three-way valve body in the axis center axis coincides with the feed port; rotating the needle is fixed on the valve body and the valve body projecting end of the head, and the rotation of the needle extends into the three-way internal feed port, the first drive means is provided at an end remote from the rotation of the needle valve body, a first drive mechanism connected to the valve body, the valve body and a rotating and driving the needle about its axis of rotation; the second a drive mechanism connected to the first drive means, and the first drive means, the valve body, the rotational movement of the needle in the axial direction so that the sealing surface of the valve body pressed against the valve seat to close the outlet valve; said discharge tee port and the delivery line is connected, the three-way sparse sparse block in closure of the cleaning conduit is connected.

[0008]作为本发明的第二种优选方案,所述第二出口控制机构包括设置在过渡箱出料口处的供砂阀,供砂阀包括弧形阀板及第三驱动机构,所述第三驱动机构与弧形阀板相连,并可驱动弧形阀板移动以控制过渡箱出料口的开启和关闭;本装置还包括电气控制系统,所述第三驱动机构与电气控制系统电连接。 [0008] As a second preferred embodiment of the present invention, the second control means comprises an outlet for the sand feed valve at the outlet of the transition box for sand valve includes an arcuate valve plate and the third driving mechanism, the third drive means coupled to the arcuate valve plate, the valve plate is moved and driven arcuate transition box to control the opening and closing of the discharge opening; the present apparatus further comprises an electrical control system, and the third drive means electrical control system electrically connection.

[0009]作为第二种优选方案的进一步的改进,所述第二出口控制机构还包括设置在供砂阀下侧的供砂三通,所述供砂三通的一端设置有吸砂口,一端与压缩空气疏堵管路相连,另一端设置为出砂口。 [0009] As a further improvement of the second preferred embodiment, the control means further comprises a second outlet for the sand for the sand disposed in the lower three-way valve, which one end of the sand is provided with a three-way sand suction port, One end is connected to a compressed air line sparse block, the other end of the port is set to sand.

[0010]作为第二种优选方案的另一种进一步的改进,所述第二出口控制机构还包括出口控制阀及三通;所述出口控制阀包括阀体、阀芯、旋转针、第一驱动机构、阀座、第二驱动机构;所述阀体上设置有与过渡箱出料口相对应的吸砂口,所述阀体的出料口与三通的进料口相连;所述阀芯及阀座均安装在阀体内部,且阀芯的中轴线与三通进料口的中轴线重合;所述旋转针固设在阀芯上并伸出阀芯头端,且旋转针伸入在三通进料口的内部,所述第一驱动机构设置在阀芯的远离旋转针的一端,第一驱动机构与阀芯相连,并可驱动阀芯以及旋转针绕其轴向旋转;所述第二驱动机构与第一驱动机构相连,并可驱动第一驱动机构、阀芯、旋转针沿轴向移动以使得阀芯压紧阀座的密封面而关闭出口控制阀;所述三通的出料口与输送管路连接,三通的疏堵口与清理疏堵管路 [0010] As another further improvement of the second preferred embodiment, the control means further comprises a second outlet control valves and three-way outlet; outlet of the control valve includes a valve body, the valve body, the rotating needle, the first a drive mechanism, a valve seat, a second drive mechanism; transition box is provided with a discharge opening corresponding to a sand suction port of the valve body discharge opening of the three-way valve body connected to the feed inlet; the the valve body and the valve seat are mounted inside the valve body, and the spool axis is coincident with the central axis of the three-way feed port; rotating said needle is fixed on the valve body and the valve body projecting end of the head, and rotates the needle extends into the inside of the three-way inlet, said first driving means disposed at an end remote from the rotation of the needle valve body, a first drive mechanism connected to the valve body, the valve body and a rotating and driving the needle about its axis of rotation ; second driving means is connected to said first drive means, and the first drive means, the valve body, rotation of the needle axially movable in the valve body so that the sealing surface pressed against the valve seat to close the outlet control valve; the the three-way transfer line with the discharge port is connected, the tee block sparse sparse in closure of the cleaning conduit 相连。 Connected.

[0011]优选的,所述第一驱动机构为马达,第二驱动机构为双向气缸,所述第一驱动机构、第二驱动机构与电气控制系统之间为电或气连接。 [0011] Preferably, the first drive means is a motor, a second drive mechanism is a two-way cylinder, between said first drive mechanism, second drive mechanism and electrically connected to the electrical control system or gas.

[0012]优选的,所述输送管路为透明胶管;所述阀芯为锥面阀芯,所述阀芯头部的锥面形状与阀座的斜面形状相吻合。 [0012] Preferably, the delivery line is a transparent hose; the valve element is a tapered valve body, said valve body and the valve seat chamfered shape tapered shape of the head of the match.

[0013]优选的,所述清理疏堵管路为气压管路,所述气压管路与第二出口控制机构中的三通疏堵口相连接的管路上设置有截止阀,所述气压管路的进口端与压缩空气相连;所述截止阀与电气控制系统之间为电连接。 [0013] Preferably, said cleaning is sparse block line pressure conduit, the air pressure in the pipeline and a second outlet conduit control means connected to the three-way repellent in closure with a shut-off valve is provided, the air pressure tube inlet end connected to the compressed air passage; between the valve and the electrical control system electrically connected to oFF.

[0014]优选的,所述过渡箱设置有一个或多个过渡箱出料口,每一个过渡箱出料口处均设置有第二出口控制机构。 [0014] Preferably, the transition box is provided with one or more transition box discharge openings, each of the intermediate tank at the discharge port is provided with a second outlet control mechanism.

[0015]本发明的有益效果在于: [0015] Advantageous effects of the present invention:

[0016] I)本发明在加砂箱的下部设置有过渡箱,过渡箱是本发明中输送供给装置的核心部件之一。 [0016] I) of the present invention is added to the flask at the lower portion of the tank is provided with a transition, the transition box is one of the core components of the present invention, the transporting and feeding apparatus. 所述过渡箱的上部设置为敞口状或设有可透气的盖板,且过渡箱的上部开口面积大于加砂箱的磨料出口面积,因此当加砂箱的磨料出口插入过渡箱的上部开口以使得二者的箱体互相连通后,过渡箱还有一部分上部开口是与大气直接连通的。 The transition box-shaped or open upper portion is provided with a gas-permeable cover plate and the upper opening being greater than the area of ​​the transition box flask abrasive outlet area, so when the abrasive sand tank outlet transition box is inserted into an upper opening after such that both the housing communicate with each other, there is a transition portion of the upper tank opening is in direct communication with the atmosphere. 由于这种独特的过渡结构设计和磨料流动的固有特性,当加砂箱的磨料出口深入过渡箱上部开口达到一定深度时(一般50mm以上即可),只要加砂箱中的料位高于过渡箱的上部开口,则加砂箱中的磨料既能源源不断的自动流入过渡箱,又不会从过渡箱上口溢出,从而确保了过渡箱中稳定的料位及透气性,保证了磨料供给的稳定性、均匀性和连续性。 Because of this unique design of the transition structure and the inherent characteristics of the abrasive flow, when the upper tank opening reaches a certain depth transition (typically to 50mm above) was added to the flask outlet abrasive depth, as long as the material level in the tank above the sand transition opening of the upper case, the abrasive flask then add both a steady stream of automatic inflow transition box, it will not escape from the catchy transition box, thereby ensuring the stable transition of the tank fill level and permeability, to ensure the supply of an abrasive stability, uniformity, and continuity.

[0017]此外,过渡箱的设置不但有利于装置的维护检修,也为出砂口、吸砂口口径的更换提供了方便。 [0017] In addition, the transition box is provided not only facilitate maintenance and inspection apparatus, but also for the sand outlet, replace the sand suction mouth diameter provides a convenient.

[0018] 2)本发明中的第二出口控制机构有多种实现方案,简述如下: [0018] 2) a second outlet of the control mechanism of the present invention has a variety of implementations, summarized as follows:

[0019]第一种方案,第二出口控制机构包括阀体、阀芯、旋转针、第一驱动机构、阀座、第二驱动机构和三通。 [0019] In a first embodiment, the second control means comprises a valve outlet, the spool, the rotating needle, the first driving mechanism, a valve seat, and a second three-way drive mechanism.

[0020]所述阀体上设置有用于接收上游工序送来的磨料的吸砂口。 [0020] The valve body is provided for receiving an upstream step sent abrasive sand suction port.

[0021 ]所述阀座具有快速拆装且易于维护的优点。 The [0021] valve has the advantage of quick disassembly and easy to maintain.

[0022]带旋转针的锥面阀芯是第二出口控制机构的核心部件,由第一驱动机构即马达(气动或电动)驱动位于所述旋转针进行旋转,防止干磨料在出口流道发生堵塞;由第二驱动机构即双向气缸驱动阀芯(连同马达)沿阀芯轴线方向前后运动,完成磨料出口的开启与关闭作业。 [0022] The tapered surface of the valve body with the rotating needle outlet is a core member of the second control means, i.e. a first motor drive mechanism (pneumatic or electric) is driven by rotation of the needle is located is rotated, to prevent the occurrence of dry abrasive outlet flow passage plugging; (with a motor) back and forth along the spool axial direction by a second drive mechanism that is bi-directional spool drive cylinder, complete opening and closing operations of the abrasive outlet.

[0023]气缸马达一体化装置是第二出口控制机构的核心部件,由第一驱动机构即马达(气动或电动)和第二驱动机构即双向气缸及必要的连接件组成,通过独创设计形成一体,是磨料出口开启关闭阀芯以及旋转针的动力源。 [0023] The motor cylinder integration means is the core component of the second outlet of the control means, i.e. by the first drive motor means (pneumatic or electric) and a second drive mechanism that is bi-directional air cylinder and the necessary connecting member composition, is integrally formed by original design , open and close the outlet valve body is an abrasive and a rotary power source pin.

[0024]三通是第二出口控制机构的最后过流部件。 [0024] The tee is the last member of the second overflow outlet control mechanism.

[0025]本发明中的第二出口控制机构成功解决了磨料输送供给作业中出口易堵塞、管路难清理的难题,既能自动化远程控制出口的开启关闭,又具有出口防堵塞功能及管路自疏通和作业后自清理功能。 [0025] The second outlet of the control mechanism of the present invention successfully solves the abrasive delivery outlet supplying operation easy to plug the pipeline cleaning difficult problem, both automatic remote control open and close the outlet, and an outlet line and the anti-jam function since dredge and post-job self-cleaning function. 本发明取代了传统的人工清堵方式,极大地提高了工作效率,降低了现场人员的劳动强度。 The present invention replaces the traditional manual blocking cleaning mode, greatly improve the work efficiency, reduce labor intensity of field personnel.

[0026]第二种方案,包括设置在过渡箱出料口处的供砂阀,还包括与第一种方案结构相同的出口控制组件;所述供砂阀包括弧形阀板及第三驱动机构,所述第三驱动机构在电气控制系统的作用下驱动弧形阀板移动,并使得弧形阀板实现对过渡箱出料口的开启和关闭。 [0026] The second solution, comprising a sand-supplying valve disposed at the discharge port of the transition box, further comprising a first embodiment with the same structure as the outlet control assembly; for the curved plate and the valve comprises a third valve driving sand mechanism, the third drive mechanism arcuate valve plate moves under the influence of electrical control system, such that the arcuate valve plate and to achieve transition box spout opening and closing. 此种结构中供砂阀主要起到启闭过渡箱出料口的作用,而本方案中的出口控制组件则以其自身结构实现防堵和疏堵的功能。 Such a configuration for the sand valve functions as the main tank opening and closing the discharge port of the transition, and this embodiment is the outlet of the control assembly with its own structure and sparse block to achieve anti-blocking function. 本方案中的供砂阀与出口控制组件彼此配合,既对过渡箱出料口具有良好的控制作用,又具有强大的清理疏堵功能。 In this scenario for the sand control assembly and the outlet valve cooperate with each other, both the discharge port has a good effect on the transition box control, but also has a strong cleaning function block sparse.

[0027]第三种方案,包括设置在过渡箱出料口处的供砂阀和设置在供砂阀下侧的供砂三通。 [0027] A third embodiment, comprising a tank provided for the transition and the sand valve provided at the discharge port for the supply of sand in the sand-way valve lower side. 本方案中的供砂阀与第二种方案中的供砂阀结构相同,不再赘述。 Sand valve structure for the same according to the present embodiment the sand valve and the supply of the second embodiment, is omitted. 所述供砂三通的一端设置有吸砂口,一端与压缩空气疏堵管路相连,另一端设置为朝向水压供砂罐进料口的出砂口。 The sand supply end is provided with a three-way sand suction port, one end is connected to a compressed air line sparse block, the other end of the port is disposed toward the sand sand tank supply pressure feed port. 本方案中仅含有供砂阀和供砂三通,结构简单,疏堵性能好,主要部件不容易发生故障,且易于维护保养。 The program contains only for sand for sand and three-way valves, simple structure, good performance sparse block, the main component is not prone to failure, and easy maintenance.

[0028] 5)本发明通过过渡箱与第二出口控制机构的设置与彼此配合,成功解决了磨料射流表面预处理生产工艺中干磨料输送供给不稳定、易堵塞、浓度不均等难题,并可进行各项功能的远程控制,具有独创的过渡箱与出口控制设计,保证了磨料供给的稳定性及均匀性;本发明还具有磨料供给管路自疏通和防堵塞功能,可取代传统的输送方式与工艺。 [0028] 5) the present invention by providing a transition fit with one another and a second tank outlet control means, the successful resolution of the abrasive jet dry abrasive surface pretreatment production process unstable supply transport, easy to plug, density unevenness problems, etc., and for remote control of various functions, and has a transition box original outlet control design to ensure the stability and the uniformity of the abrasive feed; the invention also clear from an abrasive supply line and anti-jam features, can replace conventional transportation methods and technology.

附图说明 BRIEF DESCRIPTION

[0029]图1为水砂混合磨料输送系统的结构示意图。 Schematic structural diagram of an abrasive delivery system [0029] FIG. 1 is a water-sand mixture.

[0030]图2、3、4均为带有过渡箱的干磨料输送系统的结构示意图。 [0030] 2,3,4 structural diagram of a dry abrasive delivery system with both of the transition box.

[0031]图5a、5b均为本发明的第一出口控制机构的结构示意图。 [0031] Figures 5a, 5b are schematic structural diagram of a first outlet of the control mechanism of the present invention.

[0032]图6为带有多个出料口的干磨料输送系统结构示意图。 [0032] FIG. 6 is a schematic structure of a dry abrasive delivery system having a plurality of discharge openings.

[0033]图7为不带过渡箱的水砂混合磨料输送系统的结构示意图。 [0033] FIG. 7 is a schematic structure of an abrasive delivery system without a water-sand mixture to the transition box.

[0034]图8、9、10均为不设过渡箱的干磨料输送系统的结构示意图。 [0034] FIG 8, 9 are schematic structural transition box does not dry abrasive delivery system.

[0035]图中标注符号的含义如下: [0035] FIG denoted by symbols have the following meanings:

[0036] 1-水压供砂罐2-水压管路3-加压流程栗4-电气控制系统 [0036] 1- hydraulic pressure supply conduit Shaguan 2- 3- 4- pressurized flow of electrical control system Li

[0037] 5-快开式密封法兰6-水压管路阀门7-加砂箱8-过渡箱 [0037] 5- quick opening valve sealing flange 6- line pressure flask was added 7- 8- transition box

[0038] 9-过渡箱出料口10-加砂箱出料口 [0038] 9- 10- spout transition box sand tank discharge opening

[0039] Al-第二出口控制机构B1-第一出口控制机构 [0039] Al- second outlet control means controlling the first outlet means B1-

[0040] A2/B2-清理疏堵管路A3/B3-截止阀A4/B4-阀体 [0040] A2 / B2- cleaning sparse block line A3 / B3- off valve A4 / B4- valve

[0041 ] A5/B5-阀芯A6/B6-旋转针A7/B7-第二驱动机构A8/B8-阀座 [0041] A5 / B5- spool A6 / B6- rotation pin A7 / B7- second drive mechanism A8 / B8- seat

[0042] A9/B9-第一驱动机构A10/B10-三通A11/B11-吸砂口 [0042] A9 / B9- first drive mechanism A10 / B10- tee A11 / B11- sand suction port

[0043] A12/B12-输送管路A13-供砂阀A14-第三驱动机构 [0043] A12 / B12- sand-supplying conveying line A13- A14- third valve drive mechanism

[0044] A15-弧形阀板A16-供砂三通A17-吸砂口 [0044] A15- A16- arcuate valve plate of sand for sand suction port tee A17-

[0045] A18-压缩空气疏堵管路 [0045] A18- compressed air line block sparse

具体实施方式 detailed description

[0046]下面将结合本发明实施例中的附图,对本发明中的技术方案进行清楚、完整地描述。 [0046] The present invention in conjunction with the following drawings in the embodiments of the present invention of clearly and completely described. 基于本发明中的实施例,本领域普通技术人员在没有做出创造性劳动前提下所获得的所有其他实施例,都属于本发明保护的范围。 Based on the embodiments of the present invention, all other embodiments of ordinary skill in the art without any creative effort shall fall within the scope of the present invention.

[0047]本发明中的水砂混合磨料长距离输送系统包括干磨料输送系统、水压供砂罐系统、设置在水压供砂罐下侧的防堵塞出口控制装置以及电气控制系统4,下面分别进行说明。 [0047] In the present invention, water-sand mixed abrasive abrasive long distance delivery system comprises a dry delivery system, hydraulic system for the sand tank, the water pressure is provided for preventing the clogging of the outlet side of the sand tank and electric control system the control means 4, below They are described separately.

[0048]所述干磨料输送系统中既可以设置有过渡箱,也可以不设置过渡箱,由设计人员根据工程的具体情况进行选用。 [0048] The dry abrasive delivery system may be provided with a transition box, transition box may not be provided, for selection by the designer according to the specific situation of the project.

[0049] 1.带有过渡箱的干磨料输送系统 [0049] 1. Dry abrasive delivery system with the transition box

[0050]如图1所示,本技术方案中的干磨料输送系统包括设置在上侧的加砂箱7和设置在下侧的过渡箱8。 [0050] As shown, this aspect of the abrasive delivery system comprises a dry sand box 7 is provided on the upper side and the lower side is provided transition box 8.

[0051]具体说来,如图2〜4所示,所述过渡箱8设置在加砂箱7的磨料出口下侧,所述过渡箱8的上部开口面积大于加砂箱7的磨料出口面积,且过渡箱8的上部开口为敞开式设计,或者过渡箱8的上部开口出设置有能够透气的盖板,所谓敞开式设计即过渡箱8的上部开口除了与加砂箱相连通的区域外,其他区域均直接朝向大气;所述加砂箱7的磨料出口伸入在过渡箱8上部开口中的深度至少为50mm;所述过渡箱出料口9即出砂嘴是独立部件,可根据磨料射流作业的不同工况进行快速更换;过渡箱出料口9设置为朝向水压供砂罐I的进料口,且过渡箱出料口9处设置有第二出口控制机构Al。 [0051] Specifically, as shown in FIG. 2 ~ 4, the transition box 8 is provided at a side of the abrasive sand outlet box 7, the transition area of ​​the abrasive outlet area of ​​the upper opening 8 of the case 7 greater than additive flask and the transition for the opening of the upper case 8 open design, or transition box 8 an upper opening of the cover is provided with a breathable, i.e., a so-called open design of the transition of the upper case 8 and the opening of the outer region of the flask was added in addition to communicating other regions are directed towards the atmosphere; flask was added the depth of the abrasive outlet 7 extends into the transition box in the upper opening 8 is at least 50mm; the transition box discharge opening 9 i.e. sand nozzle is a separate component, according to the abrasive different operating conditions for rapid replacement jet; transition box discharge opening 9 is provided for the sand tank pressure towards the inlet I and the transition box at the discharge port 9 is provided with a second outlet control mechanism Al.

[0052]本输送系统中的第二出口控制机构Al有三种实现方式,分述如下: [0052] The second outlet control mechanism of the present delivery system achieved in three ways Al, are described as follows:

[0053] 1.1第二出口控制机构Al的第一种实现方式 [0053] 1.1 second outlet control means of a first implementation of Al

[0054]如图3、5a所示,本技术方案中的第二出口控制机构Al与第一出口控制机构BI的结构完全相同,二者均包括出口控制阀及三通B10;所述出口控制阀包括阀体B4、阀芯B5、旋转针B6、第一驱动机构B9、阀座B8、第二驱动机构B7。 [0054] FIG. 3,5a, the identical configuration of the second outlet control mechanism of the present technical solution Al and BI of the first outlet control means, including both control valves and three-way outlet BlO; said outlet control valve comprises a valve body B4, the valve body B5, the rotating needle B6, a first drive mechanism B9, seat B8, a second drive mechanism B7.

[0055 ] 所述阀体B4上设置有与过渡箱出料口9相连通的吸砂口B11,吸砂口B11采用喇叭口结构,可全部接纳过渡箱8出砂嘴流出的磨料;所述阀体B4的出料口与三通BlO的进料口相连;所述阀芯B5及阀座B8均安装在阀体B4内部,且阀芯B5的中轴线与三通B10进料口的中轴线重合;所述旋转针B6固设在阀芯B5上并伸出阀芯头端,且旋转针B6伸入在三通BlO进料口的内部,所述第一驱动机构B9为气动或电动马达,马达设置在阀芯B5的远离旋转针B6的一端,马达与阀芯B5相连,并可驱动阀芯B5以及旋转针B6绕阀芯轴向旋转;所述第二驱动机构B7为双向气缸,此双向气缸与马达相连,并可驱动马达、阀芯B5、旋转针B6沿阀芯轴向移动以使得阀芯B5压紧阀座B8的密封面而关闭出口控制阀(如图5b所示);所述三通B1的出料口与输送管路BI2连接,三通BlO的疏堵口与清理疏堵管路B2相连,此处的清理疏 [0055] The transition box is provided with discharge opening 9 communicating suction port B11 sand, sand suction bell mouth structure using port B11, transition box can receive all eight abrasive powder exiting the nozzle valve B4; the valve It is connected to a gate and the body of the three-way BlO feed opening B4; B5 valve body and the valve seat are mounted inside the valve body B8 B4, B5 and valve element B10 in the axis of the three-way feed port axis coincident; B6 said rotation pin fixed on the spool valve body projecting tip and B5, B6 and rotates the needle extends into the inside of the three-way BlO feed port, the first drive means is a pneumatic or electric motor B9 motor is provided away from the rotation B5 coupled at one end of the needle valve body B5, B6 of the motor and the valve body, the valve body and the drive pin B5 and B6 rotate about the spool rotational axis; the second drive means is a bi-B7 cylinder, this bi-directional air cylinder is connected to the motor, and the drive motor, the valve body B5, B6 rotation of the needle axially movable in the valve body so that the sealing face of the valve seat B5 B8 is pressed to close the outlet valve (FIG. 5b) ; B1 is a three-way transfer line with the discharge opening BI2 is connected, the three-way BlO sparse sparse block in closure of the cleaning line B2 connected, here cleaning sparse 管路B2为气压管路。 B2 is a line pressure conduit.

[0056]所述马达和双向气缸均与电气控制系统4相连。 The [0056] bi-directional motor and cylinder are connected to the electric control system 4.

[0057]所述输送管路B12为透明的胶管,以方便现场工作人员观察输送管路B12内的磨料输送状况。 [0057] The delivery hose line B12 is transparent, to facilitate observation site staff conveying abrasive conditions within the delivery line B12.

[0058]所述清理疏堵管路B2通过截止阀与气源相连通,清理疏堵管路B2上的截止阀与电气控制系统4电连接。 [0058] The cleaning sparse block B2 through the line shut-off valve in communication with the gas source, clean cut valve electric control system on the sparse block. 4 line B2 is electrically connected.

[0059]本技术方案中,输送管路B12与水压供砂罐I的接料口彼此分离,从而使得过渡箱出料口9处的磨料流量保持在一个较为恒定的状态。 [0059] In this aspect, the delivery pressure supply line B12 and then I sand tank feed port separated from each other, so that the transition box abrasive flow rate at the discharge opening 9 is maintained at a relatively constant state.

[0060]本技术方案中第二出口控制机构Al的工作方式参见下述第一出口控制机构BI的工作方式,此处不再赘述。 [0060] The second outlet control mechanism of the present technical solution Al works see below the first outlet control means BI work is not repeated here.

[0061 ] 1.2第二出口控制机构Al的第二种实现方式 [0061] 1.2 The second outlet of the second control mechanism implementation Al

[0062] 如图2所示,所述第二出口控制机构Al为供砂阀A13。 [0062] As shown in FIG. 2, the second outlet for the sand control valve means is Al A13.

[0063] 所述供砂阀A13包括弧形阀板A15及第三驱动机构A14,所述第三驱动机构A14具体选择为气缸,气缸通过支架固定在过渡箱8上,气缸的控制端与电气控制系统4电连接,气缸的活塞端与与弧形阀板A15相连;气缸在电气控制系统4的作用下驱动弧形阀板A15移动以控制过渡箱出料口9的开启和关闭。 [0063] The sand-supplying valve includes an arcuate valve plate A13 A15 A14 and the third driving mechanism, the third drive means A14 particular choice of a cylinder, a cylinder through the bracket to the transition box 8, the control end of the cylinder and electrical the control system 4 is electrically connected to the piston end of the cylinder is connected to the arcuate valve plate A15; A15 cylinder drive the valve plate to move in an arcuate transition box control opening and closing the discharge port 9 by the action of electrical control system 4.

[0064] 1.3第二出口控制机构Al的第三种实现方式 [0064] 1.3 second outlet control mechanism of a third implementation Al

[0065] 如图4所示,所述第二出口控制机构Al包括供砂阀A13和供砂三通A16,所述供砂三通A16的一个进口设置有吸砂口,另一个进口与压缩空气疏堵管路A18相连,供砂三通A16的出口设置为朝向水压供砂罐I进料口的出砂口。 [0065] As shown in FIG. 4, the control means Al comprises a second outlet for the sand-way valves A13 and A16 for the sand, the sand for a three-way inlet A16 is provided with a sand suction opening, the other inlet and compression A18 sparse block air conduit is connected to an outlet for the sand tee A16 disposed toward hydraulic inlet for the sand tank I sand outlet.

[0066]供砂阀A13的结构具体参见第二种实现方式的记载,此处不再赘述。 [0066] A13 in the valve structure for sand Referring specifically to the embodiment described second implementation, not further described herein.

[0067]供砂三通A16能够方便地在输送作业与管路清理之间进行任意切换。 [0067] The sand-supplying tee A16 can be conveniently performed in any conveyance line and switching between cleaning operations.

[0068]供砂三通A16的吸砂口采用喇叭口结构,可全部接纳出砂嘴流出的磨料,由于过渡箱出料口9与本技术方案中的供砂三通A16吸砂口分离,从而供砂三通A16出料口所处的输砂管路A12的阻力与吸砂口A17处的抽吸力的变化,对过渡箱出料口9处的磨料流量没有影响。 [0068] A16 tee sand supply port with the sand suction bell mouth structure, may all receive an abrasive powder exiting the nozzle, since the transition box discharge opening 9 this aspect of the sand for sand suction opening separating the three-way A16 to A16 tee for sand discharge opening resistance which the sand feeding line A12 changes the suction force of the suction and sand at the mouth A17 of transition box does not affect the discharge port 9 at a flow rate of abrasive.

[0069]所述压缩空气疏堵管路A18上安装有与电气控制系统4电连接的气阀,气阀用于控制压缩空气的通断,实现磨料输送与管路清理功能的切换。 [0069] The sparse block on the compressed air pipe 4 is mounted A18 electrically connected to the electrical control system of the valves, valves for controlling the compressed air off, the conveying line to achieve switching abrasive cleaning function.

[0070]下面结合附图4,对供砂阀A13和供砂三通A16构成的第二出口控制机构Al的工作过程做进一步说明: [0070] DRAWINGS 4, operation of the second outlet of the control mechanism for the sand and the sand-supplying three-way valves A13 A16 composed of Al be further described:

[0071 ] I)作业前将加砂箱7中装满磨料,磨料将自动流入过渡箱8,由于过渡箱8与大气相连通,结合磨料的固有特性,磨料不会从过渡箱8上口溢出,从而使过渡箱8中的磨料具有稳定的料位及透气性; [0071] I) The front working tank 7 filled with sand abrasive, the abrasive will automatically flow into the transition box 8, since the transition box 8 communicates with the atmosphere, with the inherent characteristics of the abrasive, the abrasive does not overflow from the transition box 8 catchy , so that the transition in the abrasive tank 8 has a stable position and the air-permeable material;

[0072] 2)根据磨料射流表面预处理作业的工况,选择合适的出砂口口径,更换过渡箱出料口9处的出砂嘴;同时,使与供砂三通A16连接的压缩空气疏堵管路A18的气阀处于关闭状态; [0072] 2) surface conditions The abrasive jet pretreatment operations, select the appropriate sand mouth diameter, the transition box replace sand at the mouth of the discharge opening 9; Simultaneously, the supply of compressed air connected to the sand-repellent tee A16 A18 blocking the conduit valve closed state;

[0073] 3)通过电气控制系统4远程开启供砂控制阀A13的气缸动作,拉动弧形阀板A15,使过渡箱出料口9敞开,磨料从过渡箱出料口9处的出砂嘴流出,开始干磨料的供给作业; [0073] 3) opened by the electrical control system 4 remote cylinder operation for sand control valve A13, stimulating the arcuate valve plate A15, so that transition box discharge opening 9 is open, the abrasive discharge outlet from the transition box at 9 sanding nozzle flows start supplying dry abrasive operations;

[0074] 4)当遇到输送管路A12异常、堵塞时,可立即通过电气控制系统4远程关闭供砂控制阀A13,使弧形阀板A15向下动作以封闭过渡箱出料口9,此时过渡箱7停止供料,同时开启压缩空气疏堵管路A18上的气阀,用压缩空气对输送管路12进行清理,直至异常堵塞情况清除,再重新开始干磨料供给输送作业; [0074] 4) When the conveying line A12 encounters abnormal clogging, sand control valve may be closed for A13, A15 so that the arcuate valve plate is moved downward to close the discharge port 9 transition box immediately by remote electrical control system 4, At this time, the transition stop feeding tank 7, while the open valve on the compressed air line sparse block A18, using compressed air to clean the delivery line 12, until the abnormal congestion cleared, again starts supplying dry abrasive material transfer operations;

[0075] 5)当作业需要停止时,先按照步骤4)的方式关闭供砂控制阀A13,然后开启压缩空气疏堵管路A18上的气阀,用压缩空气清理输送管路及供砂三通A16中残留的干磨料,避免残留淤积; [0075] 5) when the job needs to be stopped, to follow step 4) in a manner to close the control valve for sand A13, then open the valve on the compressed air line sparse block A18, cleaning with compressed air delivery line for sand and three through A16 remaining dry abrasive, to avoid residual sludge;

[0076] 6)关闭压缩空气疏堵管路A18上的气阀,完成整套干磨料输送作业。 [0076] 6) Close valve on the compressed air line sparse block A18, the dry abrasive complete set of transfer operations.

[0077]本实施例中的加砂箱7容积根据其下部出料口的数量确定,能满足常用干磨料射流作业3小时左右即可;为了确保干磨料供给均匀稳定,不会出现时快时慢、时多时少的现象从而影响磨料射流表面预处理作业的效果质量,本装置采用了独创的过渡箱设计以及出砂口与吸砂口的分离设计(过渡箱使供砂过程中料位始终基本相同,出砂口与吸砂口的分离,消除了吸砂管路阻力变化对供砂流量的影响);出砂口即过渡箱出料口9则由电控气动汽缸执行远程控制开启关闭;出砂口根据磨料射流作业的需求可很简便的更换不同口径的出砂嘴,达到不同的磨料供给速率;吸砂口则采用喇叭型反扣螺母锁紧设计,能够快速而简便地进行维护。 [0077] The present embodiment flask was added 7 volume determine the number of its lower discharge opening according to conventional dry abrasive jet to meet job about 3 hours; dry abrasive material is supplied in order to ensure uniform and stable, does not occur when QuickTime slow, when the uneven surface of the abrasive jet phenomenon affecting the effect of pretreatment quality job, the present apparatus using the original design and the transition box outlet sand and sand suction opening separating design (transition box so that during the filling level for the sand is always substantially the same, with the separation of sand sand suction mouth opening, the influence of the change in resistance sand suction conduit for the flow of the sand); sand i.e. transition box outlet spout 9 by electrically controlled pneumatic cylinders perform remote control open and close ; sand abrasive jet outlet according to the demand operation may be very easy to replace different diameters sand mouth, to achieve different abrasive feed rate; sand suction port is used Flip nut horn design, can be quickly and easily maintained. 在确定了磨料射流作业的工况后,选用并更换合适的出砂嘴,然后将磨料输送管路与吸砂口连接,远程开启出砂口开始干磨料的输送供给。 After determining the operating conditions of the abrasive jet operations, and replace the appropriate choice of sand mouth, and the abrasive transport conduit is connected with the sand suction port, opening the remote delivery port starts supplying dry abrasive sand. 在作业完成后,关闭出砂口,打开气阀对吸砂口及输送管路内残留的干磨料进行清理,最后关闭气阀,完成整个干磨料的供给输送作业。 After the job is completed, close the sand outlet, the valve opening of the suction port and conveying the sand remaining in the dry abrasive cleaning line, and finally close the valve, the entire supply of dry abrasive complete transfer operations.

[0078] 2.未设过渡箱的干磨料输送系统 [0078] 2. The transition box is not provided dry abrasive delivery system

[0079 ]如图7所示,本技术方案中的干磨料输送系统包括加砂箱7。 [0079] As shown in FIG 7, this aspect of the abrasive delivery system comprises a dry flask was added 7.

[0080] 如图8〜10所示,所述加砂箱7的下部设有磨料出口,且加砂箱出料口10处设置有第二出口控制机构Al。 [0080] FIG. 8~10 shown in the lower portion of the sand tank 7 is provided with an abrasive outlet box and the sand discharge opening at a second outlet 10 is provided with a control mechanism Al.

[0081 ]本输送系统中的第二出口控制机构Al有三种实现方式,分述如下: [0081] The second outlet control mechanism of the present delivery system achieved in three ways Al, are described as follows:

[0082] 2.1第二出口控制机构Al的第一种实现方式 [0082] 2.1 second outlet control means of a first implementation of Al

[0083 ]如图9、5a所示,本技术方案中的第二出口控制机构Al与第一出口控制机构BI的结构完全相同,二者均包括出口控制阀及三通B10;所述出口控制阀包括阀体B4、阀芯B5、旋转针B6、第一驱动机构B9、阀座B8、第二驱动机构B7。 As shown in [0083] FIG. 9,5a, exactly the same configuration of the second outlet control mechanism of the present technical solution Al and BI of the first outlet control means, including both control valves and three-way outlet BlO; said outlet control valve comprises a valve body B4, the valve body B5, the rotating needle B6, a first drive mechanism B9, seat B8, a second drive mechanism B7.

[0084] 所述阀体B4上设置有与加砂箱出料口10相连通的吸砂口BI I,吸砂口BI I采用喇叭口结构,可全部接纳加砂箱7出砂嘴流出的磨料;所述阀体B4的出料口与三通B1的进料口相连;所述阀芯B5及阀座B8均安装在阀体B4内部,且阀芯B5的中轴线与三通B10进料口的中轴线重合;所述旋转针B6固设在阀芯B5上并伸出阀芯头端,且旋转针B6伸入在三通BlO进料口的内部,所述第一驱动机构B9为气动或电动马达,马达设置在阀芯B5的远离旋转针B6的一端,马达与阀芯B5相连,并可驱动阀芯B5以及旋转针B6绕阀芯轴向旋转;所述第二驱动机构B7为双向气缸,此双向气缸与马达相连,并可驱动马达、阀芯B5、旋转针B6沿阀芯轴向移动以使得阀芯B5压紧阀座B8的密封面而关闭出口控制阀(如图5b所示);所述三通B1的出料口与输送管路B12连接,三通BlO的疏堵口与清理疏堵管路B2相连, [0084] The tank is provided with a sand discharge opening 10 is connected through the suction port BI I sand, sand suction port of the bell mouth structure BI I employed, may all be connected to the flask 7 Naga abrasive powder exiting the nozzle body B4 ; discharge opening of the valve body of the three-way B1 B4 is connected to the feed inlet; B5 said valve body and the valve seat are mounted inside the valve body B8 B4, B5 and valve element B10 in the feed axis of the three-way coincides with the axis of the port; rotating the needle B6 B5 fixed on the valve body and the valve body projecting end of the head, and the rotation of the needle projects into the interior of the three-way BlO B6 feed port, the first drive mechanism to B9 pneumatic or electric motor, which is provided away from the rotation B5 coupled at one end of the needle valve body B5, B6 of the motor and the valve body, the valve body and the drive pin B5 and B6 rotate about the spool rotational axis; the second drive mechanism B7 a two-way cylinder, this two-way cylinder and is connected to the motor, and the drive motor, the valve body B5, B6 rotation of the needle valve element axially movable in the valve body so that the pressing B5 B8 valve seat sealing surface to close the outlet of the control valve (FIG. shown) 5B; B1 of the three-way transfer line with a discharge opening connected to B12, the three-way BlO sparse sparse block in closure of the cleaning conduit is connected to B2,

[0085]所述马达和双向气缸均与电气控制系统4相连。 The [0085] bi-directional motor and cylinder are connected to the electric control system 4.

[0086]所述输送管路B12为透明的胶管,以方便现场工作人员观察输送管路B12内的磨料输送状况。 [0086] The delivery hose line B12 is transparent, to facilitate observation site staff conveying abrasive conditions within the delivery line B12.

[0087]本技术方案中,输送管路B12与水压供砂罐I的接料口彼此分离,从而使得过渡箱出料口9处的磨料流量保持在一个较为恒定的状态。 [0087] In this aspect, the delivery pressure supply line B12 and then I sand tank feed port separated from each other, so that the transition box abrasive flow rate at the discharge opening 9 is maintained at a relatively constant state.

[0088]所述清理疏堵管路A2通过截止阀与气压管路A2相连通,清理疏堵管路A2上的截止阀与电气控制系统4相连。 [0088] The sparse block cleaning conduit with shut-off valve A2 through the pressure conduit communicating A2, clean cut valve sparse block connected to the electrical control system on the line A2 4.

[0089]本技术方案中第二出口控制机构Al的工作方式参见下述第一出口控制机构BI的工作方式,此处不再赘述。 [0089] The second outlet control mechanism of the present technical solution Al works see below the first outlet control means BI work is not repeated here.

[0090] 2.2第二出口控制机构Al的第二种实现方式 [0090] 2.2 The second outlet of the second control mechanism implementation Al

[0091 ] 如图8所示,所述第二出口控制机构Al包括供砂阀A13。 [0091] As shown in FIG. 8, a second outlet for the sand control valve means comprises Al A13.

[0092]所述供砂阀A13包括弧形阀板A15及第三驱动机构A14,所述第三驱动机构A14具体选择为气缸,气缸通过支架固定在加砂箱7上,气缸的控制端与电气控制系统4电连接,气缸的活塞端与与弧形阀板A15相连;气缸在电气控制系统4的作用下驱动弧形阀板A15移动以控制加砂箱出料口1的开启和关闭。 [0092] The sand-supplying valve includes an arcuate valve plate A13 A15 A14 and the third driving mechanism, the third drive means A14 particular choice of a cylinder, a cylinder fixed in the sand box 7, the bracket and the control end of the cylinder 4 is electrically connected to the electrical control system, the piston end of the cylinder is connected to the arcuate valve plate A15; A15 cylinder drive arcuate valve plate moves under the influence of the electrical control system 4 to control sand box opening and closing the discharge port 1.

[0093] 2.3第二出口控制机构Al的第三种实现方式 [0093] 2.3 second outlet control mechanism of a third implementation Al

[0094] 如图10所示,所述第二出口控制机构Al包括供砂阀A13和供砂三通A16,所述供砂三通Al6的一个进口设置有吸砂口,另一个进口与压缩空气疏堵管路Al8相连,供砂三通Al6的出口设置为朝向水压供砂罐I进料口的出砂口。 [0094] 10, a second outlet for the sand control valve means comprises Al A13 and A16 for sand tee, the tee for a sand Al6 inlet port is provided with a sand suction, compression and the other inlet an air conduit connected to the sparse block Al8, for sand-way outlet disposed toward the pressure Al6 Shaguan I for the sand inlet port.

[0095]供砂阀A13的结构具体参见第二种实现方式的记载,此处不再赘述。 [0095] A13 in the valve structure for sand Referring specifically to the embodiment described second implementation, not further described herein.

[0096]供砂三通A16能够方便地在输送作业与管路清理之间进行任意切换。 [0096] A16 tee for sand can be conveniently performed in any conveyance line and switching between cleaning operations.

[0097]供砂三通A16的吸砂口采用喇叭口结构,可全部接纳出砂嘴流出的磨料,由于加砂箱出料口10与本技术方案中的供砂三通A16吸砂口分离,从而供砂三通A16出料口所处的输砂管路A12的阻力与吸砂口A17处的抽吸力的变化,对加砂箱出料口10处出砂嘴的磨料流量没有影响; [0097] A16 tee sand supply port with the sand suction bell mouth structure, may all receive an abrasive powder exiting the nozzle, since the sand discharge opening 10 tee box of the present aspect of the sand suction port A16 for separating sand, A16-way so that the sand-supplying spout which the output resistance of the sand suction line A12 and A17 at the mouth of the sand suction force a change of sand tank at the discharge port 10 does not affect flow of abrasive sand mouth;

[0098]所述压缩空气疏堵管路A18上安装有与电气控制系统4电连接的气阀,气阀用于控制压缩空气的通断,实现磨料输送与管路清理功能的切换。 [0098] The sparse block on the compressed air pipe 4 is mounted A18 electrically connected to the electrical control system of the valves, valves for controlling the compressed air off, the conveying line to achieve switching abrasive cleaning function.

[0099]未设过渡箱的干磨料输送系统尤其适用供砂罐7容积较小(0.5m3以下)或供料流量稳定性要求不高的情况。 [0099] No transition box provided dry abrasive delivery systems are particularly suited for smaller volume of sand tank 7 (0.5m3 or less), or the case for less demanding feed flow stability.

[0100]未设过渡箱的干磨料输送系统的工作过程可参见带有过渡箱的干磨料输送系统,此处不再详述。 [0100] processes and does not have a transition box dry abrasive delivery systems can be found with dry abrasive delivery system of the transition box, not described in detail here. 需要说明的是,未设过渡箱的干磨料输送系统和带有过渡箱的干磨料输送系统均可以独立于本输送系统而向设定场所供应干砂。 It should be noted that the transition box is not provided dry abrasive delivery system and the delivery system with dry abrasive transition box are independent of the delivery system may be supplied to the setting place of dry sand.

[0101] 3.水压供砂罐系统 [0101] 3. The hydraulic system for the sand tank

[0102]如图1、7所示,水压供砂罐系统包括水压供砂罐I,水压供砂罐I的上部接料口处设置有快开式密封法兰5,当需要补充干磨料时,则打开快开式密封法兰5,当需要远程供砂时,则关闭快开式密封法兰5,以使得水压供砂罐I内部形成封闭空间,为充压供砂做准备。 [0102] As shown in FIG. 1, 7, comprises a hydraulic pressure supply system for the sand tank Shaguan I, I sand tank pressure for the upper portion of the splice is provided with a quick opening mouth seal flange 5, when the need to add dry abrasive, the sealing flange with quick opening 5, when it is necessary for the remote sand, the quick opening seal closing flange 5, so that the sand tank internal pressure for I to form a closed space, for the sand-supplying pressurized do ready.

[0103]所述水压供砂罐I通过水压管路2与加压流程栗3相连。 [0103] I connected to the pressure supply sand tank 2 pressurized by pressure flow line 3 Li. 所述水压管路2设置有两个出口端,其中一个出口端与水压供砂罐I的上端相连,用于向水压供砂罐I中充水并达到设定压力;水压管路2的另一个出口端与设置在水压供砂罐I下端磨料出口处的第一出口控制机构BI相连,用于向第一出口控制机构BI供水以疏通管路。 The pressure line 2 is provided with two outlet ends, wherein a pressure supply is connected to the outlet end of the upper end of the sand tank I, I sand tank for supplying water and charged to the water pressure reaches a set pressure; penstock another end of the outlet passage 2 is provided in the lower end of a first pressure outlet for the sand tank I control means connected to the abrasive outlet of the BI, BI for supplying water to the first control means to clear the outlet conduit.

[0104]所述水压管路2与水压供砂罐I相连通的一端设置有水压管路阀门6;水压管路2与第一出口控制机构BI相连通的一端设置有截止阀B3,所述水压管路阀门6和截止阀B3均与电气控制系统4电连接。 [0104] One end of the hydraulic pressure supply conduit 2 Shaguan I communicating conduit is provided with a pressure valve 6; line 2 and the first end of the outlet pressure control means BI communicates with a shut-off valve is provided B3, the pressure conduit 6 and the valve B3 are cut valve 4 is electrically connected to the electrical control system.

[0105] 4.防堵塞出口控制装置 [0105] 4. The anti-clogging outlet control device

[0106]所述防堵塞出口控制装置为设置在水压供砂罐下侧的第一出口控制机构BI,第一出口控制机构BI的结构如图5a、5b所示。 [0106] The anti-clogging outlet control means is a control means provided in a first outlet for the lower pressure side of the BI of the sand tank, a first outlet structure of FIG BI control means 5a, 5b shown in FIG. 第一出口控制机构BI的结构记载详见前述,此处不再详述。 A first control means outlet BI detailed description of the structure, not described in detail here.

[0107]需要说明的是,本发明中的防堵塞出口控制装置既可以用在干磨料供料装置中,也可以用在水砂混合磨料供给系统(即湿砂供料装置)中,只是当防堵塞出口控制装置用在干磨料供料装置中时,清理疏堵管路B2为气压管路,当发生堵塞时,由气源向清理疏堵管路B2内供气进行疏通;当防堵塞出口控制装置用在湿砂供料装置中时,清理疏堵管路B2为水压管路,当发生堵塞时,由水源向清理疏堵管路B2内供水进行疏通。 [0107] Incidentally, anti-clogging of the present invention is an outlet control means may be used dry abrasive feed device can also be used in a water-sand mixed abrasive supply system (i.e., green sand supply means), and only when anti-clogging outlet control means for dry abrasive feed device, cleaning sparse block B2 is the line pressure line, when clogging occurs, the gas supply conduit within the sparse block B2 to the gas cleaning dredge; anti-clogging when the outlet control device for use in wet sand supply means, the cleaning sparse block B2 for hydraulic pipe line, when clogging occurs, the water in the conduit B2 sparse block to dredge clean water.

[0108]下面结合附图l、5a、5b,对第一出口控制机构BI的工作过程做进一步说明: [0108] DRAWINGS l, 5a, 5b, the working process of the first outlet of the control mechanism further illustrated BI:

[0109] I)通过电气控制系统4远程关闭与三通BlO的疏堵口相连的清理疏堵管路B2上的截止阀B3; [0109] I) by closing the three-way 4-repellent BlO remote electrical control system connected to the cleaning sparse block in closure line shutoff valve B3 on B2;

[0110] 2)通过电气控制系统4远程开启第一出口控制机构BI中的第二驱动机构B7即双向气缸,双向气缸带动马达和锥面阀芯B5动作,打开出口控制阀中的水砂混合磨料出口,此时第一出口控制机构BI处于开启状态,然后通过电气控制系统4远程开启第一驱动机构B9即马达,马达驱动锥面阀芯B5中的旋转针B6进行旋转,开始磨料的输送供给作业,同时由于旋转针B6的转动而实现第一出口控制机构BI的防堵功能; [0110] 2) a second drive mechanism 4 remote opening control means a first outlet in the BI B7 i.e. bidirectional cylinder, two-way valve body and the tapered cylinder drive motor B5 operated by the electrical control system, opens the outlet valves controlling the water mixing sand the abrasive outlet, while the first outlet BI control means is turned on, then turn on the first drive means B9 i.e. a motor that drives the rotating needle B5 B6 tapered surface of the valve body is rotated by the conveyance start abrasive remote electrical control system 4 supplying operation, and because the rotation of the rotary pin B6 is achieved attempts to prevent the functions of the first outlet of the control means BI;

[0111] 3)作业过程中如发生意外造成输送管路堵塞,立刻远程遥控停止马达的动作,并启动双向气缸驱动锥面阀芯B5使其压紧阀座B8的密封面以关闭出口,然后打开清理疏堵管路B2上的截止阀B3,利用压力水对堵塞的管路进行疏通,直至管路恢复通畅,再关闭三通BI O上的截止阀B3,重新启动双向气缸拉起锥面阀芯B5,启动马达恢复磨料输送作业; [0111] 3) during operation, such as transfer line clogging caused by accident, immediately stopping operation of the motor remote control, and start the bidirectional drive cylinder tapered sealing surface of the valve body so that B5 B8 pressed against the valve seat to close the outlet, and open sparse block clean cut valve on the line B3 B2, clogging dredge pipe using pressure of water, until smooth recovery line, then close the valve B3 on tee bI O, restart bidirectional pull tapered cylinder the valve body B5, to activate the motor transport operation to restore the abrasive;

[0112] 4)在输送作业完成后,关闭马达使旋转针B6停止旋转,启动双向气缸驱动锥面阀芯B5压紧阀座B8以关闭出口。 [0112] 4) After completion of the conveying operation, the rotating motor is turned off to stop the rotation pin B6, starting a two-way valve body tapered cylinder drive B5 to B8 pressed against the valve seat to close the outlet.

[0113] 5)遥控打开清理疏堵管路B2上的截止阀B3,对输送管路中残留的磨料进行清理,以防止残留淤积后形成管路异常难清理的堵塞。 [0113] 5) remote shut-off valve is opened to clean up the sparse block B3 on the line B2, on the conveyor line remaining abrasive cleaning, to prevent the formation of clogging of the pipeline after the abnormal difficult cleaning residual sludge. 在输送管路B12(透明胶管)内的介质变清后,关闭清理疏堵管路B2上的截止阀B3,完成混合磨料的输送作业。 After the delivery line B12 (transparent hose) in the medium becomes clear, clean sparse block off the shutoff valve on the line B3 B2, abrasive mixing is complete transfer operations.

[0114] 5.水砂混合磨料长距离输送系统 [0114] 5. Water mixed abrasive sand long distance transportation system

[0115]下面结合附图l、2、5a、5b,对整个水砂混合磨料长距离输送系统的工作过程做进一步说明: [0115] DRAWINGS l, 2,5a, 5b, mixed abrasive systems of long-distance transmission of the entire work process water sand further described:

[0116] I)加砂及充压 [0116] I) and pressurized sand

[0117]通过电气控制系统4远程关闭与三通BlO的疏堵口相连的清理疏堵管路B2上的截止阀B3; [0117] 4-repellent by closing the three-way BlO remote electrical control system connected to the cleaning sparse block in closure line shutoff valve B3 on B2;

[0118]打开水压供砂罐I的快开式密封法兰5,通过电气控制系统4打开过渡箱出料口 9处的供砂阀A13,由加砂箱7经过渡箱8向水压供砂罐I进行加砂,直至水压供砂罐I内的砂量达到其容积的20-70 % ;关闭供砂阀Al 3,关闭水压供砂罐I接料口处的快开式密封法兰5; [0118] Open the quick opening pressure for the seal flange 5 of the sand tank I, a transition box is opened for the sand valve at the discharge port A13 electrical control system 4 through 9, the water pressure was added to the flask via the transition box 7 8 I of sand for sand tank, the amount of sand until the pressure in the sand tank for I reaches 20-70% of its volume; sand valve for closing Al 3, closed with quick sand tank pressure for the feed opening of the contact I 5 the sealing flange;

[0119]打开水压管路阀门6,开启加压流程栗3或加压流程栗组,通过水压管路2向水压供砂罐I内充水,使罐内持续保有8公斤左右压力,此时整套装置完成准备进入工作状态。 [0119] open pressure line valve 6, opening the pressurized flow or a pressurized flow of Li 3 Li group, hydraulically filled with water supply line 2 to the I sand tank pressure, so that the tank continued to maintain a pressure of about 8 kg At this time the entire device to complete ready to enter the work state.

[0120] 2)远距离供砂 [0120] 2) for remote sand

[0121]在生产系统需要进行供砂时,通过电气控制系统4远程开启第一出口控制机构BI中的第二驱动机构B7双向气缸,双向气缸带动马达和锥面阀芯B5动作,打开出口控制阀中的水砂混合磨料出口,此时第一出口控制机构BI处于开启状态,然后通过电气控制系统4远程开启第一驱动机构B9即马达,马达驱动锥面阀芯B5中的旋转针B6进行旋转,水压供砂罐I内的水砂混合磨料在罐内压力的作用下进入第一出口控制机构BI,开始磨料的输送供给作业,同时由于旋转针B6的转动而实现第一出口控制机构BI的防堵功能; [0121] In the production system is required for the sand, a first outlet opening of the second driving mechanism in the control means BI B7 bidirectional cylinder, two-way valve body and the tapered cylinder drive motor B5 operation by remote electrical control system 4, the control to open the outlet water mixed abrasive sand valve outlet, while the first outlet BI control means is turned on and then turned on by the first remote electrical control system 4 B9 drive mechanism or the motor, the motor driving the rotating needle valve body B5, B6 is a tapered surface rotation, the conveying operation pressure supplied to the sand in the sand tank water supply I abrasive mixed material into the first outlet BI control means under the effect of internal pressure began abrasive, and because the rotation of the rotary pin B6 is achieved a first control outlet means BI's attempts to prevent the function;

[0122] 3)作业过程中如发生意外造成输送管路堵塞,立刻远程遥控停止马达的动作,并启动双向气缸驱动锥面阀芯B5使其压紧阀座B8的密封面以关闭出口,然后打开清理疏堵管路B2上的截止阀B3,利用压力水对堵塞的管路进行疏通,直至管路恢复通畅,再关闭三通BI O上的截止阀B3,重新启动双向气缸拉起锥面阀芯B5,启动马达恢复磨料输送作业; [0122] 3) during operation, such as transfer line clogging caused by accident, immediately stopping operation of the motor remote control, and start the bidirectional drive cylinder tapered sealing surface of the valve body so that B5 B8 pressed against the valve seat to close the outlet, and open sparse block clean cut valve on the line B3 B2, clogging dredge pipe using pressure of water, until smooth recovery line, then close the valve B3 on tee bI O, restart bidirectional pull tapered cylinder the valve body B5, to activate the motor transport operation to restore the abrasive;

[0123] 4)在输送作业完成后,关闭马达使旋转针B6停止旋转,启动双向气缸驱动锥面阀芯B5压紧阀座B8以关闭出口。 [0123] 4) After completion of the conveying operation, the rotating motor is turned off to stop the rotation pin B6, starting a two-way valve body tapered cylinder drive B5 to B8 pressed against the valve seat to close the outlet.

[0124] 5)遥控打开清理疏堵管路B2上的截止阀B3,对输送管路中残留的磨料进行清理,以防止残留淤积后形成管路异常难清理的堵塞。 [0124] 5) remote shut-off valve is opened to clean up the sparse block B3 on the line B2, on the conveyor line remaining abrasive cleaning, to prevent the formation of clogging of the pipeline after the abnormal difficult cleaning residual sludge. 在输送管路B12(透明胶管)内的介质变清后,关闭清理疏堵管路B2上的截止阀B3,完成混合磨料的输送作业。 After the delivery line B12 (transparent hose) in the medium becomes clear, clean sparse block off the shutoff valve on the line B3 B2, abrasive mixing is complete transfer operations.

Claims (10)

  1. 1.一种干磨料供料装置,包括加砂箱(7),其特征在于:本装置还包括过渡箱(8),所述过渡箱(8)设置在加砂箱(7)的磨料出口下侧;本装置还包括设置在过渡箱出料口(9)处的具有清堵功能的第二出口控制机构(Al)。 A dry abrasive material supply means, comprising a sand box (7), characterized in that: The apparatus further comprises a transition box (8), the transition box (8) is provided at the outlet of abrasive sand tank (7) a lower side; in the present apparatus further comprises a second transition box outlet discharge opening control means (Al) having a cleaning function at a block (9).
  2. 2.根据权利要求1所述的干磨料供料装置,其特征在于:所述过渡箱(8)的上部开口面积大于加砂箱(7)的磨料出口面积,且过渡箱(8)的上部开口为敞开式设计或带有可透气的盖板,所述加砂箱(7)的磨料出口伸入在过渡箱(8)上部开口中的深度至少为50_。 The upper portions of the transition box (8) is larger than the opening area of ​​the sand tank (7) abrasive outlet area, and the transition box (8): 2. A dry abrasive feed device according to claim 1, characterized in that depth of the opening is an open design with a breathable or cover, the sand tank (7) extends into the upper portion of the outlet opening abrasive transition box (8) is at least 50_.
  3. 3.根据权利要求2所述的干磨料供料装置,其特征在于:所述第二出口控制机构(Al)包括出口控制阀及三通(AlO);所述出口控制阀包括阀体(A4)、阀芯(A5)、旋转针(A6)、第一驱动机构(A9)、阀座(A8)、第二驱动机构(A7);所述阀体(A4)上设置有与过渡箱出料口(9)相对应的吸砂口( A11 ),所述阀体(A 4)的出料口与三通(A1)的进料口相连;所述阀芯(A 5)及阀座(A8)均安装在阀体(A4)内部,且阀芯(A5)的中轴线与三通(AlO)进料口的中轴线重合;所述旋转针(A6)固设在阀芯(A5)上并伸出阀芯头端,且旋转针(A6)伸入在三通(A10)进料口的内部,所述第一驱动机构(A9)设置在阀芯(A5)的远离旋转针(A6)的一端,第一驱动机构(A9)与阀芯(A5)相连,并可驱动阀芯(A5)以及旋转针(A6)绕其轴向旋转;所述第二驱动机构(A7)与第一驱动机构(A9)相连,并可驱动第一驱动机构(A9)、阀芯(A5)、旋转针(A6)沿轴向移动以使 The dry abrasive material supply device according to claim 2, wherein: said second control means outlet (Al) comprises an outlet control valve and a three-way (an AlO); said control valve includes a valve body outlet (A4 ), the valve body (A5), the rotating needle (A6), a first driving mechanism (the A9), a valve seat (the A8), a second driving mechanism (the A7); said valve element (A4) is provided on which the case the transition discharge opening (9) corresponding to a sand suction opening (A11), connected to the valve body (a 4) is a three-way discharge opening (A1) a feed inlet; said valve body (a 5) and a valve seat (A8) are mounted in the valve body (A4) inside, and the spool (A5) axis of a three-way (an AlO) feed port axis coincident; rotating said needle (A6) is fixed in the valve body (A5 ) and the valve body projecting head end, and the rotation pin (A6) projects into the feed throat of the tee (AlO), the first drive means (A9) provided on the needle valve body away from the rotation (A5) of (A6) at one end, a first drive means (A9) and the spool (A5) is connected to the valve body and the drive (A5) and a rotary needle (A6) is rotated about its axis; the second drive means (A7) first drive means (A9) is connected, and the first drive means (A9), the valve body (A5), the rotating needle (A6) so that axial movement of 阀芯(A5)压紧阀座(A8)的密封面而关闭出口控制阀;所述三通(A1)的出料口与输送管路(Al 2)连接,三通(A10)的疏堵口与清理疏堵管路(A2)相连。 The valve body (A5) pressed against a valve seat (A8) of the sealing surface to close the outlet valve; said tee (A1) of the conveying conduit discharge opening (Al 2) connected to a three-way (A10) of the block sparse and clearance port conduit sparse block (A2) is connected.
  4. 4.根据权利要求2所述的干磨料供料装置,其特征在于:所述第二出口控制机构(Al)包括设置在过渡箱出料口(9)处的供砂阀(A13),供砂阀(A13)包括弧形阀板(A15)及第三驱动机构(A14),所述第三驱动机构(A14)与弧形阀板(A15)相连,并可驱动弧形阀板(A15)移动以控制过渡箱出料口(9)的开启和关闭;本装置还包括电气控制系统(4),所述第三驱动机构(A14)与电气控制系统(4)电连接。 The dry abrasive material supply device according to claim 2, wherein: said second control means outlet (Al) includes a discharge opening at the transition box (9) for the sand valve (the A13) at, for sand valve (the A13) includes an arcuate valve plate (A15) and third drive means (the A14), the third drive means (the A14) and the arcuate valve plate (A15) is connected to the valve plate and the arcuate drive (A15 ) to control the movement of the transition box outlet (9) opening and closing; present apparatus further includes an electrical control system (4), said third drive means (the A14) (4) is electrically connected to the electrical control system.
  5. 5.根据权利要求4所述的干磨料供料装置,其特征在于:所述第二出口控制机构(Al)还包括设置在供砂阀(A13)下侧的供砂三通(A16),所述供砂三通(A16)的一端设置有吸砂口(A17),一端与压缩空气疏堵管路(A18)相连,另一端设置为出砂口。 The dry abrasive feed device according to claim 4, wherein: said second control means outlet (Al) further comprises a valve disposed in the supply of sand (the A13) side of the tee for sand (A16), one end of the tee for sand (A16) is provided with a sand suction opening (A17), one end of the block sparse compressed air line (A18), the other end opening to sand.
  6. 6.根据权利要求4所述的干磨料供料装置,其特征在于:所述第二出口控制机构(Al)还包括出口控制阀及三通(A10);所述出口控制阀包括阀体(A4)、阀芯(A5)、旋转针(A6)、第一驱动机构(A9)、阀座(AS)、第二驱动机构(A7);所述阀体(A4)上设置有与过渡箱出料口(9)相对应的吸砂口( A11 ),所述阀体(A 4)的出料口与三通(A1)的进料口相连;所述阀芯(A 5)及阀座(A8)均安装在阀体(A4)内部,且阀芯(A5)的中轴线与三通(AlO)进料口的中轴线重合;所述旋转针(A6)固设在阀芯(A5)上并伸出阀芯头端,且旋转针(A6)伸入在三通(A1)进料口的内部,所述第一驱动机构(A9)设置在阀芯(A5)的远离旋转针(A6)的一端,第一驱动机构(A9)与阀芯(A5)相连,并可驱动阀芯(A5)以及旋转针(A6)绕其轴向旋转;所述第二驱动机构(A7)与第一驱动机构(A9)相连,并可驱动第一驱动机构(A9)、阀芯(A5)、旋转针(A6)沿轴向移动以使 The dry abrasive feed device according to claim 4, wherein: said second control means outlet (Al) further comprises an outlet and the three-way control valve (AlO); said control valve includes a valve body outlet ( A4), the valve body (A5), the rotating needle (A6), a first drive means (A9), a valve seat (AS), a second driving mechanism (the A7); said valve body (A4) provided on the transition box discharge openings (9) corresponding to a sand suction opening (A11), connected to the valve body (a 4) is a three-way discharge opening (A1) a feed inlet; said valve body (a 5) and the valve Block (A8) are mounted in the valve body (A4) inside, and the spool (A5) axis of a three-way (an AlO) feed port axis coincident; rotating said needle (A6) is fixed in the valve body ( on A5) and the head end of the valve body projecting, and the rotation pin (A6) projects into the feed throat of the tee (A1), the first drive means (A9) disposed in the valve body (A5) rotating away from the end of the needle (A6), the first drive means (A9) and the spool (A5) is connected to the valve body and the drive (A5) and a rotary needle (A6) about its axis of rotation; the second drive means (A7 ) with the first drive means (A9) is connected, and the first drive means (A9), the valve body (A5), the rotating needle (A6) so that axial movement of 阀芯(A5)压紧阀座(A8)的密封面而关闭出口控制阀;所述三通(A1)的出料口与输送管路(Al 2)连接,三通(A10)的疏堵口与清理疏堵管路(A2)相连。 The valve body (A5) pressed against a valve seat (A8) of the sealing surface to close the outlet valve; said tee (A1) of the conveying conduit discharge opening (Al 2) connected to a three-way (A10) of the block sparse and clearance port conduit sparse block (A2) is connected.
  7. 7.根据权利要求3或6所述的干磨料供料装置,其特征在于:所述第一驱动机构(A9)为马达,第二驱动机构(A7)为双向气缸,所述第一驱动机构(A9)、第二驱动机构(A7)与电气控制系统(4)之间为电或气连接。 7. Dry abrasive feeding device of claim 3 or claim 6, wherein: said first drive means (A9) for the motor, a second drive means (A7) for the bidirectional cylinder, the first drive mechanism (A9), a second drive mechanism (A7) between the electric control system (4) is connected to an electrical or gas.
  8. 8.根据权利要求3或6所述的干磨料供料装置,其特征在于:所述输送管路(A12)为透明胶管;所述阀芯(A5)为锥面阀芯,所述阀芯(A5)头部的锥面形状与阀座(AS)的斜面形状相吻合。 The dry abrasive feed device according to 3 or claim 6, wherein: said conveyor line (A12) as a clear hose; the valve body (A5) is a tapered valve body, said valve body (A5) of the tapered shape of valve head portion (AS) of a ramp-shaped match.
  9. 9.根据权利要求3或6所述的干磨料供料装置,其特征在于:所述清理疏堵管路(A2)为气压管路,所述气压管路与第二出口控制机构(Al)中的三通疏堵口相连接的管路上设置有截止阀(A3),所述气压管路的进口端与压缩空气相连;所述截止阀(A3)与电气控制系统(4)之间为电连接。 9. A dry abrasive feeding device of claim 3 or claim 6, wherein: said cleaning block sparse line (A2) of the pressure line, and a second outlet conduit of the pressure control means (Al) the pipeline is connected to the three-way closure work hydrophobic shut-off valve is provided (A3), connected with a compressed air inlet end of the pressure line; between the shut-off valve (A3) and an electrical control system (4) the electrical connection.
  10. 10.根据权利要求1所述的干磨料供料装置,其特征在于:所述过渡箱(8)设置有一个或多个过渡箱出料口(9),每一个过渡箱出料口(9)处均设置有第二出口控制机构(Al)。 10. A dry abrasive feed device according to claim 1, wherein: said transition box (8) provided with one or more of the transition box outlet (9), each of the intermediate tank discharge opening (9 ) at the outlet is provided with a second control means (Al).
CN 201610778979 2016-08-30 2016-08-30 Dry abrasive feeding device CN106239380A (en)

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Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JPH0938864A (en) * 1995-07-26 1997-02-10 Fuji Seisakusho:Kk Abrasive supply method and device in abrasive blasting process
US5876267A (en) * 1996-08-19 1999-03-02 Fuji Manufacturing Co., Ltd. Blasting method and apparatus
JP2008194773A (en) * 2007-02-13 2008-08-28 Sugino Mach Ltd Abrasive feeding device and abrasive feeding method
CN202428335U (en) * 2012-01-30 2012-09-12 宝山钢铁股份有限公司 High pressure jet cleaning device capable of preventing sand supply pipeline from being blocked
CN203636641U (en) * 2013-11-14 2014-06-11 厦门建霖工业有限公司 Normal pressure plasma sand-blasting machine
CN105276198A (en) * 2015-11-11 2016-01-27 合肥通用环境控制技术有限责任公司 Pulverized coal flow adjusting valve

Patent Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JPH0938864A (en) * 1995-07-26 1997-02-10 Fuji Seisakusho:Kk Abrasive supply method and device in abrasive blasting process
US5876267A (en) * 1996-08-19 1999-03-02 Fuji Manufacturing Co., Ltd. Blasting method and apparatus
JP2008194773A (en) * 2007-02-13 2008-08-28 Sugino Mach Ltd Abrasive feeding device and abrasive feeding method
CN202428335U (en) * 2012-01-30 2012-09-12 宝山钢铁股份有限公司 High pressure jet cleaning device capable of preventing sand supply pipeline from being blocked
CN203636641U (en) * 2013-11-14 2014-06-11 厦门建霖工业有限公司 Normal pressure plasma sand-blasting machine
CN105276198A (en) * 2015-11-11 2016-01-27 合肥通用环境控制技术有限责任公司 Pulverized coal flow adjusting valve

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