CN106234285A - Device and using method are thrown in a kind of vapour-pressure type bait spray cultivating avette silvery pomfret postlarva - Google Patents

Device and using method are thrown in a kind of vapour-pressure type bait spray cultivating avette silvery pomfret postlarva Download PDF

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Publication number
CN106234285A
CN106234285A CN201610759697.XA CN201610759697A CN106234285A CN 106234285 A CN106234285 A CN 106234285A CN 201610759697 A CN201610759697 A CN 201610759697A CN 106234285 A CN106234285 A CN 106234285A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
bait
spray
knob
pond
turn
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Pending
Application number
CN201610759697.XA
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
刘西磊
王鲁
韦成昱
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Guangxi Haishitong Foods Ltd By Share Ltd
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Guangxi Haishitong Foods Ltd By Share Ltd
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Priority to CN201610759697.XA priority Critical patent/CN106234285A/en
Publication of CN106234285A publication Critical patent/CN106234285A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01KANIMAL HUSBANDRY; CARE OF BIRDS, FISHES, INSECTS; FISHING; REARING OR BREEDING ANIMALS, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; NEW BREEDS OF ANIMALS
    • A01K61/00Culture of aquatic animals
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A40/00Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production
    • Y02A40/80Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production in fisheries management
    • Y02A40/81Aquaculture, e.g. of fish

Abstract

The invention belongs to bait spray and throw device field, especially relate to a kind of vapour-pressure type bait spray cultivating avette silvery pomfret postlarva and throw device and using method, described device is supplied by air supply pipe, described air pressure adjustment turn-knob is by rotating regulation air demand size, described device discharges gas by handle, bait is sprayed away in pond by described jet pipe, described jet pipe front end is provided with spray nozzle regulation turn-knob, by rotating the area that spray nozzle regulation turn-knob controls to spray, described device is additionally provided with funnel shaped bait prepackage device, described bait prepackage device and jet pipe junction are provided with bait charging regulation turn-knob, the spray volume of feedstuff is controlled by rotating bait charging regulation turn-knob, apparatus of the present invention can significantly improve the survival rate of avette silvery pomfret, rate of growth, significantly reduce difference in size and the feed coefficient of individuality, volume increase more than 8%.

Description

Device and using method are thrown in a kind of vapour-pressure type bait spray cultivating avette silvery pomfret postlarva
Technical field
The invention belongs to bait spray and throw device field, especially relate to a kind of vapour-pressure type bait cultivating avette silvery pomfret postlarva Device and using method are thrown in spray.
Background technology
Avette silvery pomfret is one of current domestic main breed variety, and annual production is already close to 100,000 tons of (fishery in 2015 Yearbook statistics).Its seed rearing mainly uses the pattern that Tu Chi cultivates and cement pit is cultivated, and two kinds of breeding methods are each favorably Fraud, the method wherein cultivated with Tu Chi compares the development meeting industrialization, can carry out large-scale seed rearing production, and There is the advantages such as production cost is low, growing-seedling period is short, the strong stress resistance of seed, therefore seedling rearing in earth ponds have higher success rate and Operability, has been increasingly becoming the prevailing model of nursery.In seedling raising process, in order in breeding process after making seed adapt to Workman's mixed bait, has and uses mixed feed to carry out the process tamed of throwing something and feeding.Traditional method is that operation employee is fixed at pool side Shi Dingliang spills pellet in pond, and whether these needsization take bigger human resources, and spill and uniformly depend on manually The height of technical merit.Therefore carrying out avette silvery pomfret seed rearing at Tu Chizhong, whether throwing something and feeding of bait can guarantee that the biggest portion Divide fry to feed into, just become to improve one of weed survival rate, the key factor improving Feed efficiency.
Summary of the invention
In order to solve the problem that prior art exists, it is an object of the invention to provide a kind of big water surface avette silvery pomfret of cultivation young Device and using method are thrown in the vapour-pressure type bait spray of fish, utilize the source of the gas of air supply system in pond, are discharged suddenly by air pressure and produced Raw air-flow is sprayed onto bait in pond, is regulated and controled, by the size of regulation air pressure, the distance sprayed, is sprayed by regulation Spray area is regulated and controled by the size in nozzle aperture footpath;By the size of regulation charging hole, the quantity of bait is regulated and controled, pass through The bait all standing on the water surface of whole pond making sprinkling go out is thrown in the spray of different angles.This device can also carry out continuous schedule and The multiple spray modes such as clearance-type, to meet the seed food ration of different size, finally meets ingesting of all fries in pond, carries High grazing rate, improves the growth performance of fry.
To achieve these goals, present invention employs following technical scheme:
Device and using method are thrown in a kind of vapour-pressure type bait spray cultivating avette silvery pomfret postlarva, and described device includes air supply pipe, gas Pressure regulation turn-knob, handle, air pressure release beginning, jet pipe, spray nozzle regulation turn-knob, bait prepackage device and bait charging regulation rotation Turn round;It is characterized in that, described device is supplied by air supply pipe, and described air pressure adjustment turn-knob regulates air demand size by rotating, Described device discharges gas by handle, is sprayed away in pond by described jet pipe by bait, and described jet pipe front end is provided with spray Spilling mouth regulation turn-knob, by rotating the area that spray nozzle regulation turn-knob controls to spray, described device is additionally provided with funnel shaped bait Prepackage device, described bait prepackage device and jet pipe junction are provided with bait charging regulation turn-knob, by rotating bait charging regulation rotation Turn round the spray volume controlling feedstuff.
The using method of described device is as follows:
1) putting avette silvery pomfret newly hatched larvae in a suitable place to breed at Tu Chizhong, throwing in density is 400-500 tail/M3;Soil pond size is 500-5000 Square metre, pond deep 2.0-2.5 rice, depth of water 1.7-2.2 rice, Central Drainage blowdown, drain pipe is through extending to pool side at the bottom of pond, by inserting Pipe mode controlling water level.Additionally arrange mulch film at the bottom of pond, additionally arrange parallel aerating pipe at the bottom of pond, aerating pipe spacing 2.5-3.0 rice;
2) nursery Water-quality control in pond is at water temperature 28 ± 3 DEG C, salinity 28-35, pH 7.8-8.4, and dissolved oxygen is maintained at 8-10mg/ L;The water of total water body 3-4% is discharged in nursery every day by central blow-down mouth after 8 days, supplement the fresh seawater of equivalent subsequently, after 12 days Every day, quantity of exchanged water was gradually increased to total water body 9-12%, begins to use vapour-pressure type bait of the present invention spray throwing device to throw something and feed and join after 15 days Close bait;
3) described mixed bait includes following components: crude protein content 44%, crude fat 8%, coarse ash 14%, crude fibre 3%, calcium 1.5%, total phosphorus 1.2%, lysine 2.5%, moisture content 10%;
4) frequency of throwing something and feeding with quantity of throwing something and feeding is: 15-18 days, and spray per hour is thrown once, the cooperation bait selecting particle diameter to be 1.0-1.2mm Material;19-23 days, spray in every 2 hours was thrown once, selects the mixed bait of particle diameter 1.0-1.4mm;Spray throwing one in 24-30 days every 3 hours Secondary, select the mixed bait of particle diameter 1.4-1.6mm;
5) vapour-pressure type bait of the present invention spray being thrown device and mount at pool side, fixing different directions in pond sprays.
Compared with prior art, present invention have the advantage that
The present invention provides a kind of vapour-pressure type bait spray cultivating avette silvery pomfret postlarva to throw device and using method, can significantly carry The high survival rate of avette silvery pomfret, rate of growth, significantly reduce difference in size and the feed coefficient of individuality, increase production more than 8%, additionally, also Labour cost can be reduced;And the seed strong stress resistance cultivated by this mode.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is apparatus of the present invention schematic diagram.
Wherein, 1, air supply pipe;2, air pressure adjustment turn-knob;3, handle;4, air pressure release beginning;5, jet pipe;6, spray nozzle is adjusted Joint turn-knob;7, bait prepackage device;8, bait charging regulation turn-knob.
Detailed description of the invention
It will be understood by those skilled in the art that in following example disclosed technology represent the inventors discovered that at this Bright practice plays the technology of good action.But, disclosed specific embodiments can be made many changes, and Still same or analogous result is obtained, without departing from the spirit and scope of the present invention.
Device and using method are thrown in a kind of vapour-pressure type bait spray cultivating avette silvery pomfret postlarva, and described device includes air supply pipe 1, air pressure adjustment turn-knob 2, handle 3, air pressure release beginning 4, jet pipe 5, spray nozzle regulation turn-knob 6, bait prepackage device 7 and bait enter Material regulation turn-knob 8;It is characterized in that, described device is supplied by air supply pipe 1, and described air pressure adjustment turn-knob 2 is regulated by rotation Air demand size, described device discharges gas by handle 3, is sprayed away in pond by described jet pipe 5 by bait, described spray Pipe 5 front end is provided with spray nozzle regulation turn-knob 6, and by rotating the area that spray nozzle regulation turn-knob 6 controls to spray, described device also sets Having funnel shaped bait to pre-install device 7, described bait prepackage device 7 and jet pipe 5 junction are provided with bait charging regulation turn-knob 8, pass through Rotate bait charging regulation turn-knob 8 and control the spray volume of feedstuff.
The using method of described device is as follows:
1) putting avette silvery pomfret newly hatched larvae in a suitable place to breed at Tu Chizhong, throwing in density is 400-500 tail/M3;Soil pond size is 500-5000 Square metre, pond deep 2.0-2.5 rice, depth of water 1.7-2.2 rice, Central Drainage blowdown, drain pipe is through extending to pool side at the bottom of pond, by inserting Pipe mode controlling water level.Additionally arrange mulch film at the bottom of pond, additionally arrange parallel aerating pipe at the bottom of pond, aerating pipe spacing 2.5-3.0 rice;
2) nursery Water-quality control in pond is at water temperature 28 ± 3 DEG C, salinity 28-35, pH 7.8-8.4, and dissolved oxygen is maintained at 8-10mg/ L;The water of total water body 3-4% is discharged in nursery every day by central blow-down mouth after 8 days, supplement the fresh seawater of equivalent subsequently, after 12 days Every day, quantity of exchanged water was gradually increased to total water body 9-12%, begins to use vapour-pressure type bait of the present invention spray throwing device to throw something and feed and join after 15 days Close bait;
3) described mixed bait includes following components: crude protein content 44%, crude fat 8%, coarse ash 14%, crude fibre 3%, calcium 1.5%, total phosphorus 1.2%, lysine 2.5%, moisture content 10%;
4) frequency of throwing something and feeding with quantity of throwing something and feeding is: 15-18 days, and spray per hour is thrown once, the cooperation bait selecting particle diameter to be 1.0-1.2mm Material;19-23 days, spray in every 2 hours was thrown once, selects the mixed bait of particle diameter 1.0-1.4mm;Spray throwing one in 24-30 days every 3 hours Secondary, select the mixed bait of particle diameter 1.4-1.6mm;
5) vapour-pressure type bait of the present invention spray being thrown device and mount at pool side, fixing different directions in pond sprays.
Above-described embodiment is the present invention preferably embodiment, but embodiments of the present invention are not by above-described embodiment Restriction, the change made under other any spirit without departing from the present invention and principle, modify, substitute, combine, letter Change, all should be the substitute mode of equivalence, within being included in protection scope of the present invention.

Claims (2)

1. a device is thrown in the vapour-pressure type bait spray cultivating avette silvery pomfret postlarva, and described device includes air supply pipe, and air pressure adjustment is revolved Turn round, handle, air pressure release beginning, jet pipe, spray nozzle regulation turn-knob, bait prepackage device and bait charging regulation turn-knob;Its feature Being, described device is supplied by air supply pipe, and described air pressure adjustment turn-knob is by rotating regulation air demand size, and described device leads to Crossing handle release gas, sprayed away by described jet pipe by bait in pond, described jet pipe front end is provided with spray nozzle regulation rotation Turning round, by rotating the area that spray nozzle regulation turn-knob controls to spray, described device is additionally provided with funnel shaped bait prepackage device, described Bait prepackage device and jet pipe junction are provided with bait charging regulation turn-knob, control feedstuff by rotating bait charging regulation turn-knob Spray volume.
Device is thrown in a kind of vapour-pressure type bait spray cultivating avette silvery pomfret postlarva, it is characterised in that institute The using method stating device is as follows:
1) putting avette silvery pomfret newly hatched larvae in a suitable place to breed at Tu Chizhong, throwing in density is 400-500 tail/M3;Soil pond size is that 500-5000 puts down Side's rice, pond deep 2.0-2.5 rice, depth of water 1.7-2.2 rice, Central Drainage blowdown, drain pipe is through extending to pool side at the bottom of pond, by intubating Mode controlling water level, additionally arranges mulch film at the bottom of pond, additionally arranging parallel aerating pipe, aerating pipe spacing 2.5-3.0 rice at the bottom of pond;
2) nursery Water-quality control in pond is at water temperature 28 ± 3 DEG C, salinity 28-35, pH 7.8-8.4, and dissolved oxygen is maintained at 8-10mg/ L;The water of total water body 3-4% is discharged in nursery every day by central blow-down mouth after 8 days, supplement the fresh seawater of equivalent subsequently, after 12 days Every day, quantity of exchanged water was gradually increased to total water body 9-12%, begins to use vapour-pressure type bait of the present invention spray throwing device to throw something and feed and join after 15 days Close bait;
3) described mixed bait includes following components: crude protein content 44%, crude fat 8%, coarse ash 14%, crude fibre 3%, calcium 1.5%, total phosphorus 1.2%, lysine 2.5%, moisture content 10%;
4) frequency of throwing something and feeding with quantity of throwing something and feeding is: 15-18 days, and spray per hour is thrown once, the cooperation bait selecting particle diameter to be 1.0-1.2mm Material;19-23 days, spray in every 2 hours was thrown once, selects the mixed bait of particle diameter 1.0-1.4mm;Spray throwing one in 24-30 days every 3 hours Secondary, select the mixed bait of particle diameter 1.4-1.6mm;
5) vapour-pressure type bait of the present invention spray being thrown device and mount at pool side, fixing different directions in pond sprays.
CN201610759697.XA 2016-08-30 2016-08-30 Device and using method are thrown in a kind of vapour-pressure type bait spray cultivating avette silvery pomfret postlarva Pending CN106234285A (en)

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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106857350A (en) * 2017-03-16 2017-06-20 长春智信创联科技有限公司 Wisdom agricultural bait feeds device automatically
CN107646760A (en) * 2017-11-03 2018-02-02 宁波大学 A kind of cultural method of pomfret parr

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CN202979905U (en) * 2012-12-18 2013-06-12 浙江南太湖淡水水产种业有限公司 Feeding machine
US20140224179A1 (en) * 2013-02-08 2014-08-14 Mark Francis Mignone Ac powered all weather automatic granular feeder
CN104543526A (en) * 2014-12-30 2015-04-29 湛江国联饲料有限公司 Trachinotus ovatus mixed feed
CN105613339A (en) * 2016-03-02 2016-06-01 江苏省海洋水产研究所 Spray feeder for granulated feed

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CN202979905U (en) * 2012-12-18 2013-06-12 浙江南太湖淡水水产种业有限公司 Feeding machine
US20140224179A1 (en) * 2013-02-08 2014-08-14 Mark Francis Mignone Ac powered all weather automatic granular feeder
CN104543526A (en) * 2014-12-30 2015-04-29 湛江国联饲料有限公司 Trachinotus ovatus mixed feed
CN105613339A (en) * 2016-03-02 2016-06-01 江苏省海洋水产研究所 Spray feeder for granulated feed

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Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106857350A (en) * 2017-03-16 2017-06-20 长春智信创联科技有限公司 Wisdom agricultural bait feeds device automatically
CN106857350B (en) * 2017-03-16 2020-09-29 长春智信创联科技有限公司 Automatic feeding device of wisdom agricultural bait
CN107646760A (en) * 2017-11-03 2018-02-02 宁波大学 A kind of cultural method of pomfret parr

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