CN106225465A - High Efficiency Thermal reclaims heat pump drier - Google Patents

High Efficiency Thermal reclaims heat pump drier Download PDF

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Publication number
CN106225465A
CN106225465A CN201610583458.3A CN201610583458A CN106225465A CN 106225465 A CN106225465 A CN 106225465A CN 201610583458 A CN201610583458 A CN 201610583458A CN 106225465 A CN106225465 A CN 106225465A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
machine
heat
humidity
coil pipe
fengdou
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Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Granted
Application number
CN201610583458.3A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN106225465B (en
Inventor
银永忠
向波
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ANHUI HUATENG AGRICULTURAL TECHNOLOGY Co.,Ltd.
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Xiangxi Yinxiang Agricultural Science And Technology Co Ltd
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Priority to CN201610583458.3A priority Critical patent/CN106225465B/en
Publication of CN106225465A publication Critical patent/CN106225465A/en
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Publication of CN106225465B publication Critical patent/CN106225465B/en
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Classifications

    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F26DRYING
    • F26BDRYING SOLID MATERIALS OR OBJECTS BY REMOVING LIQUID THEREFROM
    • F26B23/00Heating arrangements
    • F26B23/001Heating arrangements using waste heat
    • F26B23/002Heating arrangements using waste heat recovered from dryer exhaust gases
    • F26B23/004Heating arrangements using waste heat recovered from dryer exhaust gases by compressing and condensing vapour in exhaust gases, i.e. using an open cycle heat pump system
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F26DRYING
    • F26BDRYING SOLID MATERIALS OR OBJECTS BY REMOVING LIQUID THEREFROM
    • F26B25/00Details of general application not covered by group F26B21/00 or F26B23/00
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02PCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES IN THE PRODUCTION OR PROCESSING OF GOODS
    • Y02P70/00Climate change mitigation technologies in the production process for final industrial or consumer products
    • Y02P70/10Greenhouse gas [GHG] capture, material saving, heat recovery or other energy efficient measures, e.g. motor control, characterised by manufacturing processes, e.g. for rolling metal or metal working

Abstract

The invention discloses a kind of High Efficiency Thermal and reclaim heat pump drier, insulation go along with sb. to guard him air inlet with go out FENGDOU constitute gas channel, go out FENGDOU left end horn mouth and have baffle plate steered sinusoid humidity compensator, baffle plate with go out FENGDOU left end horn mouth distance by Humidity Automatic Control, realize damp and hot air-flow output flow to control, go out the FENGDOU right-hand member outlet coil pipe district that coexists with the vapour-liquid of outer machine corresponding, so it is recovered by the vapour-liquid that heat pump the works coil pipe district that coexists most beneficial for the heat of damp and hot tail gas by outer machine internal fan convulsion, discharged in heat preservation maintenance by interior machine again, realize dehumidifying and the heat recovery cycle being dried.The sinusoidal wave humidity compensator of the present invention automatically controls moisture-removing air-flow amount advantageous particularly raising dry rate by humid control air door;Moisture exhausting port is directed at the vapour-liquid of outer machine and coexists coil pipe district, the hot high efficiente callback of advantageous particularly tail, it is achieved energy efficiency;The design of outer machine finned coil is advantageous particularly realizes the hot high efficiente callback of system tail, and compressor power consumption is the lowest simultaneously.

Description

High Efficiency Thermal reclaims heat pump drier
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of High Efficiency Thermal and reclaim heat pump drier.
Background technology
Being dried is exactly by the moisture removal in material, in fields such as food, chemical industry, processing of farm products, biological product process All it is widely used, is the unit operation using frequency the highest.
Being dried to utilize natural conditions dry or dry, but for industrialized production, is dried and typically exists Drying machine is carried out, although but existing drying machine be dried and can realize rapid draing, but due to while dehumidifying also discharge Substantial amounts of heat, thus energy consumption is high, the most uneconomical.If able to provide a kind of can take heat out of by high efficiente callback dehumidifying Heat pump drier, then can not only realize energy-saving and emission-reduction, also have preferable market application foreground.
Summary of the invention
The technical problem to be solved in the present invention overcomes the deficiencies in the prior art exactly, it is provided that a kind of heating by heat-pump-type Make the moisture in material discharge, while dehumidifying, reclaim the heat of discharge to greatest extent, and automatically can adjust according to humidity size The High Efficiency Thermal of joint dehumidifying amount reclaims heat pump drier.
For overcoming the deficiencies in the prior art, the present invention takes techniques below scheme:
A kind of High Efficiency Thermal reclaims heat pump drier, goes along with sb. to guard him including machine, outer machine and insulation in heat pump, it is characterised in that: heat pump Outer machine structure is similar to outdoor machine of air-conditioner, and the refrigerant vapour from outer machine coil pipe enters vapour liquid separator separation liquid phase by pipeline, Machine within compressor compression is connected by pipeline again, interior machine structure is identical with machine in common air-conditioning, serves as condenser at this, it is achieved The liquefaction of compressed gas also discharges amount of heat for dry materials, and the cold-producing medium of high pressure condensation liquefaction is by by liquid back pipe warp again Capillary-compensated flash distillation enters lower coil pipe, and lower coil pipe tail end connects isocon by pipeline, and isocon lower end connects middle coil pipe, Upper end connects upper coil pipe, and coil pipe tail end is merged by pipeline, connects vapour liquid separator by suction nozzle, it is achieved compression follows Ring;Insulation has been gone along with sb. to guard him an opening and closing and has been carried out material turnover operation, and door closedown realizes the most airtight, and air inlet has been gone along with sb. to guard him in insulation Mouthful with go out the gas channel of FENGDOU composition, going out FENGDOU left end horn mouth has a baffle plate steered sinusoid humidity compensator, baffle plate with go out FENGDOU left end horn mouth distance is by Humidity Automatic Control, it is achieved damp and hot air-flow output flow controls, and goes out the outlet of FENGDOU right-hand member with outer The vapour-liquid of the machine coil pipe district that coexists is corresponding, so passes through heat pump work by outer machine internal fan convulsion most beneficial for the heat of damp and hot tail gas The vapour-liquid coil pipe district that coexists made is recovered, then discharges in heat preservation maintenance by interior machine, it is achieved dehumidifying returns with dry heat Receive circulation.
There is axle at described sinusoidal wave humidity compensator two ends, and axle connects both sides end plate, outside both sides end plate is by sinusoidal wave profile The cylinder of shape connects and composes entirety, is filled with suitable cold-producing medium, makes cold-producing medium in uniform temperature in constituting the cavity of single unit system In the range of coexist gas phase saturation for gas-liquid, sinusoidal wave humidity compensator is outer to be realized heat insulation by Thermal packer, but axle can not be by shadow Ringing telescopic moving, electric heater controlled humidity controller carries out control system of switching on or off electricity;When electric heater be energized this device be heated up time, Owing to the pressure of internal saturated gas exists corresponding relation with temperature, variations in temperature then internal pressure changes, with the change of temperature Internal pressure follows change;It is cold that the cylinder that so can make sinusoidal wave contours profiles produces the flatulence of heat type produced with humid control temperature Contracting, utilizes Shen contracting effect of expanding with heat and contract with cold to drive corollary apparatus generation action;Humidity sensor pickoff signals is at humidity controller Reason judges when humidity is bigger, can control electric heater heating and promote the elongation of sinusoidal wave humidity compensator, make baffle plate add with FENGDOU distance Ambassador's throttle opening increases, and strengthens dehumidifying, and humidity is less, and air door turns down automatically, it is achieved moisture-removing air-flow amount automatically controls.Use The cylinder of sinusoidal wave contours profiles, has good stress and a retractility, and is resistant to pressure and avoids stress to concentrate, load energy Power is forced especially with the most reliable.
Compared with prior art, beneficial effects of the present invention also resides in:
Sinusoidal wave humidity compensator automatically controls moisture-removing air-flow amount advantageous particularly raising dry rate by humid control air door;Row Wet mouth is directed at the vapour-liquid of outer machine and coexists coil pipe district, the hot high efficiente callback of advantageous particularly tail, it is achieved energy efficiency;Outer machine finned coil sets Counting and advantageous particularly realize the hot high efficiente callback of system tail, compressor power consumption is the lowest simultaneously.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is the planar structure schematic diagram of the present invention.
The heat pump schematic diagram of Fig. 2 present invention.
Fig. 3 is the planar structure schematic diagram of sinusoidal wave humidity compensator.
In figure, each label represents:
A, B are sinusoidal wave humidity compensator;1, insulation is gone along with sb. to guard him;2, outer machine;3, interior machine;4, air inlet;5, FENGDOU is gone out;6, compression Machine exhaustor;7, liquid back pipe;8, baffle plate;9, humidity sensor;10, humidity controller;30, suction nozzle;31, gas-liquid separator; 32, compressor;33, capillary tube;34, fin;35, coil pipe;36,38 it is pipeline;37, pipe is separated;39, gas-liquid coexists coil pipe District;41, sinusoidal wave humidity compensator axle;42 sinusoidal wave humidity compensator end plates;43, sinusoidal wave humidity compensator profile;44 just String ripple humidity compensator cavity;45, Thermal packer;46, electric heater.
Detailed description of the invention
In conjunction with accompanying drawing, the present invention is further elaborated with.
High Efficiency Thermal reclaims heat pump drier as Figure 1-3, goes along with sb. to guard him 1 including machine in heat pump 3, outer machine 2 and insulation, heat Outer machine 2 structure of pump is similar to outdoor machine of air-conditioner, and the refrigerant vapour from outer machine coil pipe enters vapour liquid separator 31 points by pipeline 30 Chaotropic phase, then compress through compressor 32 and connect interior machine 3 by pipeline 6, interior machine structure is identical with machine in common air-conditioning, serves as at this Condenser, it is achieved the liquefaction of compressed gas also discharges amount of heat for dry materials, and the cold-producing medium of high pressure condensation liquefaction passes through back Liquid pipe 7 enters lower coil pipe through capillary tube 33 flash distillation that throttles again, and lower coil pipe tail end connects isocon 37, isocon 37 by pipeline 36 Lower end connects middle coil pipe, and upper end connects upper coil pipe, and coil pipe tail end is merged by pipeline 38, connects vapour by suction nozzle 30 Liquid/gas separator 31, it is achieved compression circulation;Insulation goes along with sb. to guard him 1 has an opening and closing to carry out material turnover operation, and door closedown realizes basic Airtight, insulation go along with sb. to guard him air inlet 4 with go out FENGDOU 5 constitute gas channels, going out FENGDOU 5 left end horn mouth has baffle plate 8 to be subject to Control sinusoidal wave humidity compensator A, B, baffle plate 8 with go out FENGDOU 5 left end horn mouth distance by Humidity Automatic Control, it is achieved damp and hot air-flow Output flow controls, and goes out the FENGDOU 5 right-hand member outlet coil pipe district 39 that coexists with the vapour-liquid of outer machine corresponding, so passes through outer machine 2 internal fan Convulsion is recovered by the vapour-liquid that heat pump the works coil pipe district 39 that coexists most beneficial for the heat of damp and hot tail gas, then is existed by interior machine 3 Discharge in heat preservation maintenance, it is achieved dehumidifying and the heat recovery cycle being dried.
Described sinusoidal wave humidity compensator two ends have axle 41, axle 41 to connect both sides end plate 42, and both sides end plate 42 is by sine The cylinder 43 of wave contour profile connects and composes entirety, is filled with suitable cold-producing medium, makes refrigeration in constituting the cavity 44 of single unit system Agent coexists gas phase saturation for gas-liquid in certain temperature range, sinusoidal wave humidity compensator outer by Thermal packer 45 realize every Heat, but the axle unaffected telescopic moving of energy, electric heater 46 controlled humidity controller 10 carries out control system of switching on or off electricity;When electric heater 46 leads to When this device of electricity is heated up, owing to the pressure of internal saturated gas exists corresponding relation with temperature, variations in temperature is then internal Pressure change, follows change with the change internal pressure of temperature;The cylinder 43 that so can make sinusoidal wave contours profiles produces with wet Degree controls expanding with heat and contract with cold of temperature generation, utilizes Shen contracting effect of expanding with heat and contract with cold to drive corollary apparatus generation action;Humidity sensor 9 Pickoff signals, when humidity controller 10 process judges that humidity is bigger, can control electric heater 46 heating and promote that sinusoidal wave humidity stretches Device A, B extend, and make baffle plate 8 and FENGDOU 5 distance add ambassador's throttle opening and increase, strengthen dehumidifying, and humidity is less, and air door closes automatically Little, it is achieved moisture-removing air-flow amount automatically controls.Use the cylinder of sinusoidal wave contours profiles, there is good stress and retractility, and And be resistant to pressure and avoid stress to concentrate, load capacity is forced especially with the most reliable.
Dashed region 39 is coexisted coil pipe district by the preferential vapour-liquid of the low pressure after capillary tube 33 for cold-producing medium, freezes in this region It is minimum that agent the most easily realizes strongly vaporizing heat absorption, temperature, and the hot high efficiente callback of advantageous particularly tail reduces compressor operating power simultaneously Consume.
Above-mentioned simply presently preferred embodiments of the present invention, not makees any pro forma restriction to the present invention.Any it is familiar with basis The technical staff in field, in the case of without departing from technical solution of the present invention scope, may utilize the technology contents of the disclosure above Technical solution of the present invention is made many possible variations and modification, or is revised as the Equivalent embodiments of equivalent variations.Therefore, all It is the content without departing from technical solution of the present invention, any simply repaiies made for any of the above embodiments according to the technology of the present invention essence Change, equivalent variations and modification, all should fall in the range of technical solution of the present invention is protected.

Claims (2)

1. High Efficiency Thermal reclaims a heat pump drier, goes along with sb. to guard him including machine, outer machine and insulation in heat pump, it is characterised in that: heat The outer machine structure of pump is similar to outdoor machine of air-conditioner, and the refrigerant vapour from outer machine coil pipe enters vapour liquid separator separation liquid by pipeline Phase, then machine within compressor compression is connected by pipeline, interior machine structure is identical with machine in common air-conditioning, serves as condenser at this, Realizing the liquefaction of compressed gas and discharge amount of heat confession dry materials, the cold-producing medium of high pressure condensation liquefaction is by passing through liquid back pipe Entering lower coil pipe through capillary-compensated flash distillation again, lower coil pipe tail end connects isocon by pipeline, and isocon lower end connects middle Coil pipe, upper end connects upper coil pipe, and coil pipe tail end is merged by pipeline, connects vapour liquid separator by suction nozzle, it is achieved pressure Contracting circulation;Insulation has been gone along with sb. to guard him an opening and closing and has been carried out material turnover operation, and door closedown realizes the most airtight, and air has been gone along with sb. to guard him in insulation Air inlet and the gas channel going out FENGDOU composition, going out FENGDOU left end horn mouth has baffle plate steered sinusoid humidity compensator, baffle plate With go out FENGDOU left end horn mouth distance by Humidity Automatic Control, it is achieved damp and hot air-flow output flow control, go out FENGDOU right-hand member outlet The coil pipe district that coexists with the vapour-liquid of outer machine is corresponding, so by outer machine internal fan convulsion most beneficial for the heat of damp and hot tail gas by heat The vapour-liquid of the pump work coil pipe district that coexists is recovered, then is discharged in heat preservation maintenance by interior machine, it is achieved dehumidifying be dried Heat recovery cycle.
High Efficiency Thermal the most according to claim 1 reclaims heat pump drier, it is characterised in that: described sinusoidal wave humidity is stretched There is axle at contracting device two ends, and axle connects both sides end plate, and both sides end plate connects and composes entirety by the cylinder of sinusoidal wave contours profiles, constitutes It is filled with suitable cold-producing medium in the cavity of single unit system, makes cold-producing medium coexist the saturated shape of gas phase for gas-liquid in certain temperature range State, is realized heat insulation by Thermal packer outside sinusoidal wave humidity compensator, but the axle unaffected telescopic moving of energy, electric heater controlled humidity control Device processed carries out control system of switching on or off electricity;When electric heater be energized this device be heated up time, due to pressure and the temperature of internal saturated gas There is corresponding relation in degree, variations in temperature then internal pressure changes, and follows change with the change internal pressure of temperature;So just can make The cylinder of string wave contour profile produces with expanding with heat and contract with cold that humid control temperature produces, and utilizes Shen contracting effect of expanding with heat and contract with cold to drive and joins Covering device generation action;Humidity sensor pickoff signals, when humidity controller process judges that humidity is bigger, can control electric heater Heating promotes the elongation of sinusoidal wave humidity compensator, makes baffle plate and FENGDOU distance add ambassador's throttle opening and increases, strengthens dehumidifying, humidity Less, air door turns down automatically, it is achieved moisture-removing air-flow amount automatically controls.
CN201610583458.3A 2016-07-25 2016-07-25 Efficient recuperation of heat heat pump drier Active CN106225465B (en)

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Citations (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US4403478A (en) * 1982-03-26 1983-09-13 The United States Of America As Represented By The Secretary Of The Navy Expander stroke delay mechanism for split stirling cryogenic cooler
CN2184868Y (en) * 1994-03-17 1994-12-07 程大东 Automatic energy saving air supply control device
CN2769756Y (en) * 2004-04-24 2006-04-05 麦广海 Closed micro-pressure water storing water heater
CN201004366Y (en) * 2007-01-17 2008-01-09 邵为 Explosion resisting internal oil external hung oil container
CN101229465A (en) * 2007-10-25 2008-07-30 陈永杰 Bubble wet processing dust container
US8650770B1 (en) * 2010-06-17 2014-02-18 George Samuel Levy Air cycle heat pump dryer
CN203435668U (en) * 2013-07-18 2014-02-19 成都蓉阳科技有限公司 Split type air source waste heat recycling type tobacco heat pump drying machine set
CN105135871A (en) * 2012-02-20 2015-12-09 艾默生电气公司 Equipment for controlling heat used in structure

Patent Citations (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US4403478A (en) * 1982-03-26 1983-09-13 The United States Of America As Represented By The Secretary Of The Navy Expander stroke delay mechanism for split stirling cryogenic cooler
CN2184868Y (en) * 1994-03-17 1994-12-07 程大东 Automatic energy saving air supply control device
CN2769756Y (en) * 2004-04-24 2006-04-05 麦广海 Closed micro-pressure water storing water heater
CN201004366Y (en) * 2007-01-17 2008-01-09 邵为 Explosion resisting internal oil external hung oil container
CN101229465A (en) * 2007-10-25 2008-07-30 陈永杰 Bubble wet processing dust container
US8650770B1 (en) * 2010-06-17 2014-02-18 George Samuel Levy Air cycle heat pump dryer
CN105135871A (en) * 2012-02-20 2015-12-09 艾默生电气公司 Equipment for controlling heat used in structure
CN203435668U (en) * 2013-07-18 2014-02-19 成都蓉阳科技有限公司 Split type air source waste heat recycling type tobacco heat pump drying machine set

Non-Patent Citations (2)

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Title
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Effective date of registration: 20201110

Address after: Room 1602, B1 Floor, Lijinxiu Jiangnan (West District), east of Gouyun Road, north of Yinhe No. 2 Road, Suzhou City, Anhui Province

Patentee after: ANHUI HUATENG AGRICULTURAL TECHNOLOGY Co.,Ltd.

Address before: 416000 Hunan Province, Xiangxi Tujia and Miao Autonomous Prefecture of Jishou Autonomous Prefecture in Xiangxi Wuling Mountain Road Economic Development Zone Ji Feng Investment Service Center office building room A808

Patentee before: XIANGXI YINXIANG AGRICULTURAL TECHNOLOGY Co.,Ltd.

Patentee before: Yin Yongzhong

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