CN106225023B - A kind of energy saving, low pollution intelligent gas-burning stove system - Google Patents

A kind of energy saving, low pollution intelligent gas-burning stove system Download PDF

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Publication number
CN106225023B
CN106225023B CN201610648300.XA CN201610648300A CN106225023B CN 106225023 B CN106225023 B CN 106225023B CN 201610648300 A CN201610648300 A CN 201610648300A CN 106225023 B CN106225023 B CN 106225023B
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China
Prior art keywords
gas
pipeline
ventilating fan
cooker
cyclone
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CN201610648300.XA
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CN106225023A (en
Inventor
蔡文哲
赵学成
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Beijing Power Machinery Institute
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Beijing Power Machinery Institute
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    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F24HEATING; RANGES; VENTILATING
    • F24CDOMESTIC STOVES OR RANGES ; DETAILS OF DOMESTIC STOVES OR RANGES, OF GENERAL APPLICATION
    • F24C3/00Stoves or ranges for gaseous fuels
    • F24C3/12Arrangement or mounting of control or safety devices
    • F24C3/126Arrangement or mounting of control or safety devices on ranges
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F24HEATING; RANGES; VENTILATING
    • F24CDOMESTIC STOVES OR RANGES ; DETAILS OF DOMESTIC STOVES OR RANGES, OF GENERAL APPLICATION
    • F24C3/00Stoves or ranges for gaseous fuels
    • F24C3/008Ranges
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02BCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO BUILDINGS, e.g. HOUSING, HOUSE APPLIANCES OR RELATED END-USER APPLICATIONS
    • Y02B40/00Technologies aiming at improving the efficiency of home appliances, e.g. induction cooking or efficient technologies for refrigerators, freezers or dish washers

Abstract

The invention discloses a kind of energy conservations, the intelligent gas-burning stove system of low pollution, belong to intelligent field.The gas-cooker mainly includes fuel cartridge, ventilating fan, combustion chamber and air exhauster;Wherein, combustion chamber the cyclone and casing of pipeline connection mainly by being made up of, and casing is equipped with electric spark igniter;Fuel cartridge and ventilating fan pass through pipeline respectively and are connected to cyclone, and gas-gas finned heat exchanger is equipped on the pipeline between fuel cartridge and ventilating fan and cyclone, solenoid valve is equipped on pipeline between gas-gas finned heat exchanger and fuel cartridge, and ventilating fan and solenoid valve be with controller by be electrically connected, controller is according to the aperture of preset running parameter adjusting ventilating fan and solenoid valve;Air exhauster and casing pass through pipeline connection.The gas-cooker system combines advanced weak cyclone technique, two-way preheating technology and intelligent control technology, realizes advanced index and the functions such as the high-energy source utilization efficiency, low pollution, intelligence adjusting of gas-cooker system.

Description

A kind of energy saving, low pollution intelligent gas-burning stove system
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of intelligent gas-burning stove systems, belong to intelligent field.
Background technique
Commercial gas-fired stove quotient is mainly used for the departments such as catering trade and enterprises and institutions dining room, army rear service, major function It is to convert the chemical energy of combustion gas to thermal energy, and heat for food materials etc..Commercial gas-fired stove system generally requires firepower to concentrate, office Portion's calorific intensity is high, and thermal load capacity is larger, energy conservation and environmental protection.
Existing high-efficiency gas stove so-called on the market mainly by burner, annular smoking mouth, off-gas recovery room, smoke exhaust pipe, The part such as heat-insulation and heat-preservation shell and air-introduced machine and pipeline forms;High effective gas range (one with porous ceramics regenerative structure The research of kind of the new energy-saving gas stove with backheat, Ji Zhiguo, Cui Xiaojue etc., power-saving technology) main operational principle are as follows: combustion gas Enter the air that the stove heart and blower are sent by fuel gas inlet to premix in the premixer of gas-cooker bottom, enter after igniting combustion chamber into Row burning, pot face absorb most of heat, and porous ceramics will save a part of heat, the flue gas that after-heat is generated by burning from The looping pit on combustion chamber top enters off-gas recovery room, and stove body is discharged through smoke exhaust pipe.The gas-cooker mainly uses embedded combustion Burning mode, and due to being provided with porous ceramics regenerative structure in the combustion chamber, waste heat recycling can be carried out to flue gas, therefore effectively Reduce the heat that flue gas is taken away, the thermal efficiency of gas-cooker can be improved to a certain extent.But still it has the following deficiencies:
(1) life cycle management energy-saving effect is poor, energy conservation is at high cost.Existing product often has that stability is poor, material in market The problems such as material loss is big, and maintenance cycle is short.A part of energy-saving gas cooker is known as the energy-saving effect for having 30%, but effective time is short, After a period of use, igniting firepower reduces, and energy-saving effect is deteriorated.The product produced using ceramic wafer heat build-up technology, although energy The combustion gas thermal efficiency is enough improved, but ceramic wafer is easy after combustion because of hot and cold alternation damage rupture, must carried out more within 3-5 months It changes, forces the use cost outside user's amount paid;
(2) due to can not actively adjust the combusted proportion (air-fuel ratio) of fuel and air, cause many energy-conserving products can only It applies in specified pressure limit or specific propellant composition, air-fuel ratio is difficult to efficiently control according to optimum range, it can not Embody power savings advantages;
(3) it cannot achieve the preheating to natural gas;
(4) productions such as NOX, CO pollution is higher, it is difficult to control;
(5) can not intelligent automatic control heat power of gas burner size, cannot achieve the automatic boiling of food;
(6) pipeline automatic cleaning and postboost automatic cleaning before cannot achieve booting.
Summary of the invention
In view of this, the purpose of the present invention is to provide a kind of energy conservation, the intelligent gas-burning stove system of low pollution, the combustion gas Stove system combines advanced weak cyclone technique, two-way preheating technology and intelligent control technology, realizes the high-energy source benefit of gas-cooker system With advanced index and functions such as efficiency, low pollution, intelligence adjustings.
The purpose of the present invention is realized by the following technical scheme:
A kind of energy saving, low pollution intelligent gas-burning stove system, the gas-cooker mainly includes fuel cartridge, ventilating fan, combustion Burn room and air exhauster;
Wherein, combustion chamber the cyclone and casing of pipeline connection mainly by being made up of, and the casing is equipped with electrical fire Spark lighter;The fuel cartridge and ventilating fan pass through pipeline respectively and are connected to the cyclone, and the fuel cartridge and into Pipeline between gas blower and the cyclone is equipped with gas-gas finned heat exchanger, in the gas-gas finned heat exchanger and combustion gas Pipeline between tank is equipped with solenoid valve, and the ventilating fan passes through with the controller with solenoid valve and is electrically connected, described Controller adjusts the aperture of ventilating fan and solenoid valve according to preset running parameter;The air exhauster and the casing Pass through pipeline connection.
Further, the gas-cooker system further includes support frame.
Further, the gas-cooker system further includes the fFlue gas collector being connected to the air exhauster by pipeline.
Further, temperature sensor is additionally provided on the casing.
Working principle:
Before igniting, ventilating fan is controlled by controller and is opened, the gas-cooker system is pre-purged, to prevent Fuel gas caused by gas leakage assembles explosion danger;Inlet point internal heat is started building operation mode after completing purging, controller according to Preset running parameter (various food i.e. prepared in advance processes firepower technological parameter) adjusts ventilating fan and solenoid valve Aperture, after air and combustion gas are preheated with optimal air-fuel ratio by gas-gas finned heat exchanger, carry out weak eddy flow into cyclone With efficient blending, mixed gas is ignited after entering the casing by the electric spark that the electric spark igniter issues;After burning After mixed gas generation high-temperature fuel gas successively heats main cooker and secondary cooker, by passing through exhaust after the cooling of gas-gas finned heat exchanger Blower is discharged into atmospheric environment.After completing set task, control control solenoid valve is closed, and is carried out delay purging by air, is protected Demonstrate,prove that the gas-cooker is fully cooled and pollutant precipitating to extend the service life of gas-cooker improves functional reliability;Delay After purging, controller controls air exhauster and closes.
Beneficial effect
(1) gas-cooker system of the present invention by controller adjust air and combustion gas ratio, can get meet it is default Optimal air-fuel ratio needed for temperature, and pre-burning is carried out by gas-gas finned heat exchanger air and combustion gas, not only reduce heat Loss, while favorably improving efficiency of combustion, reducing disposal of pollutants;In addition, in a combustion chamber using cyclone to air and combustion gas Weak eddy flow and blending are carried out, is that air and combustion gas are sufficiently mixed, promotes the full combustion of combustion gas, advantageously reduce imperfect combustion NOX, pollution and toxicity brought by CO are generated, to reduce pollution, improve efficiency of combustion.
(2) gas-cooker system of the present invention processes firepower technique according to various food prepared in advance, and combination temperature passes The real-time flame temperature that sensor is passed back realizes the automatic boiling of the multi-mode of food according to timing control firepower size.
(3) gas-cooker system of the present invention before ignition, can pre-purge the gas-cooker system, prevent combustion gas Fuel gas caused by leakage assembles explosion danger;After the completion of culinary art, delay purging is carried out, guarantees that the gas-cooker is fully cooled And pollutant precipitating improves functional reliability to extend the service life of gas-cooker.
(4) gas-cooker of the present invention is equipped with fFlue gas collector, can be filtered to the flue gas generated in cooking process Atmospheric environment is discharged by air exhauster again afterwards, to reduce pollution.
(5) the temperature sensor monitoring flame temperature being arranged on gas-cooker combustion box of the present invention, on the one hand exists The real time temperature of flame, tune of the assistance controller to fuel air ratio are provided in the automatic digestion process of the multi-mode of food for controller On the other hand section detects whether gas-cooker works on, if after accident extinguishment of gas stove, flame temperature that detector will test Controller is fed back to, controller controls solenoid valve and closes, and the aperture of ventilating fan is tuned up, in time by gas emission to the external world Environment prevents dangerous generation.
Detailed description of the invention
Fig. 1 is the structural schematic diagram of gas-cooker system of the present invention;
Fig. 2 is the process of gas path figure of gas-cooker system of the present invention;
Fig. 3 is the structural schematic diagram of the combustion chamber;
Fig. 4 is the schematic diagram of gas-cooker system of the present invention;
Wherein, 1- air exhauster, 2- fFlue gas collector, the combustion chamber 3-, 4- casing, 5- controller, 6- support frame, 7- electromagnetism Valve, 8- ventilating fan, 9- gas-gas finned heat exchanger, 10- main cooker, 11- secondary cooker, 12- cyclone, 13- electric spark igniter, 14- Temperature sensor.
Specific embodiment
The present invention is described in detail in the following with reference to the drawings and specific embodiments, but not limited to this.
Embodiment 1
As shown in figures 1 and 3, a kind of energy saving, low pollution intelligent gas-burning stove system, the gas-cooker mainly includes combustion gas Tank, ventilating fan 8, combustion chamber 3 and air exhauster 1;
Wherein, combustion chamber 3 cyclone 12 and casing 4 of pipeline connection mainly by being made up of, and the casing 4 is equipped with Electric spark igniter 13;The fuel cartridge and ventilating fan 8 are connected to by pipeline with the cyclone 12 respectively, and in the combustion Pipeline between gas tank and ventilating fan 8 and the cyclone 12 is equipped with gas-gas finned heat exchanger 9, in the gas-gas fin Pipeline between heat exchanger 9 and fuel cartridge is equipped with solenoid valve 7, and the ventilating fan 8 and solenoid valve 7 with the controller 5 adjust the aperture of ventilating fan 8 and solenoid valve 7 according to preset running parameter by electrical connection, the controller 5;Institute It states air exhauster 1 and the casing 4 passes through pipeline connection.
Further, the gas-cooker system further includes support frame 6.
Further, the gas-cooker system further includes the fFlue gas collector being connected to the air exhauster 1 by pipeline 2。
Further, temperature sensor 14 is additionally provided on the casing 4.
Further, the controller 5 is PLC controller.
Working principle:
As shown in Figure 2 and Figure 4, before igniting, by controller 5 control ventilating fan 8 open, to the gas-cooker system into Row prepurge, to prevent fuel gas caused by gas leakage from assembling explosion danger;Inlet point internal heat is started building after completing purging Operation mode, controller 5 are adjusted according to preset running parameter (various food i.e. prepared in advance processes firepower technological parameter) The aperture of ventilating fan 8 and solenoid valve 7, air and combustion gas is saved to preheat with optimal air-fuel ratio by gas-gas finned heat exchanger 9 Afterwards, weak eddy flow and efficiently blending are carried out into cyclone 12, mixed gas enters after the casing 4 by the electric spark igniter 13 electric sparks issued ignite;After mixed gas generation high-temperature fuel gas after burning successively heats main cooker 10 and secondary cooker 11, lead to It crosses after the cooling of gas-gas finned heat exchanger 9 and atmospheric environment is discharged by air exhauster 1.After completing set task, control control electricity Magnet valve 7 is closed, and carries out delay purging by air, guarantees that the gas-cooker is fully cooled and pollutant precipitates, to extend combustion The service life of gas kitchen improves functional reliability;After delay purging, controller 5 controls air exhauster 1 and closes.
The present invention includes but is not limited to above embodiments, it is all carried out under the principle of spirit of that invention it is any equivalent Replacement or local improvement, all will be regarded as within protection scope of the present invention.

Claims (3)

1. it is a kind of energy conservation, low pollution intelligent gas-burning stove system, it is characterised in that: the gas-cooker mainly include fuel cartridge, into Gas blower (8), combustion chamber (3) and air exhauster (1);
Wherein, combustion chamber (3) mainly by by pipeline connection cyclone (12) and casing (4) form, and in the casing (4) It is equipped with electric spark igniter (13);The fuel cartridge and ventilating fan (8) are connected by pipeline and the cyclone (12) respectively It is logical, and gas-gas finned heat exchanger is equipped on the pipeline between the fuel cartridge and ventilating fan (8) and the cyclone (12) (9), solenoid valve (7) are equipped on the pipeline between the gas-gas finned heat exchanger (9) and fuel cartridge, and the ventilating fan (8) with solenoid valve (7) with controller (5) by being electrically connected, the controller (5) is adjusted according to preset running parameter The aperture of ventilating fan (8) and solenoid valve (7);The air exhauster (1) and the casing (4) pass through pipeline connection;
Temperature sensor (14) are additionally provided on the casing (4).
2. the intelligent gas-burning stove system of a kind of energy conservation according to claim 1, low pollution, it is characterised in that: the combustion gas Stove system further includes support frame (6).
3. the intelligent gas-burning stove system of a kind of energy conservation according to claim 1, low pollution, it is characterised in that: the combustion gas Stove system further includes the fFlue gas collector (2) being connected to the air exhauster (1) by pipeline.
CN201610648300.XA 2016-08-09 2016-08-09 A kind of energy saving, low pollution intelligent gas-burning stove system Active CN106225023B (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201610648300.XA CN106225023B (en) 2016-08-09 2016-08-09 A kind of energy saving, low pollution intelligent gas-burning stove system

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
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CN106225023B true CN106225023B (en) 2019-01-25

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Family Cites Families (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN2151391Y (en) * 1993-02-01 1993-12-29 山东建筑工程学院 Dual vortex blast burner
CN101482276A (en) * 2008-01-11 2009-07-15 胡国强 Production method of cooking stove
CN202371763U (en) * 2011-10-30 2012-08-08 张峰 Swirling premixing type energy-saving Chinese cooking stove device
WO2015002636A1 (en) * 2013-07-01 2015-01-08 Lee Lisheng Huang Cooking system

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