CN106212233A - A kind of organic substrate being applicable to orchid plant culture - Google Patents

A kind of organic substrate being applicable to orchid plant culture Download PDF

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Publication number
CN106212233A
CN106212233A CN201610600567.1A CN201610600567A CN106212233A CN 106212233 A CN106212233 A CN 106212233A CN 201610600567 A CN201610600567 A CN 201610600567A CN 106212233 A CN106212233 A CN 106212233A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
organic substrate
padding
applicable
bedding
coconut husk
Prior art date
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CN201610600567.1A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
夏江平
方靓
文笑
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厦门市江平生物基质技术股份有限公司
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Priority to CN201610600567.1A priority Critical patent/CN106212233A/en
Publication of CN106212233A publication Critical patent/CN106212233A/en

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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G24/00Growth substrates; Culture media; Apparatus or methods therefor

Abstract

The present invention relates to cultivation matrix field, a kind of organic substrate being applicable to orchid plant culture.This organic substrate is pressed weight/mass percentage composition and is calculated, and constituent is: coconut husk L 50 60%, Folium Camelliae sinensis fine powder 20 30%, cultivates bedding and padding 10 20%.The organic substrate that the present invention prepares has that resistance against diseases is strong, water conservation is breathed freely, nutritious advantage.

Description

A kind of organic substrate being applicable to orchid plant culture
Technical field
The present invention relates to field of vegetable, especially cultivation matrix field, specially one is applicable to orchid cultivation The organic substrate of training.
Background technology
Orchid, has long cultivation history and numerous kinds in China, predominantly views and admires use.Owing to the orchid family is planted Thing requires harshness to the environmental condition of growth promoter, so the difficulty that family cultivates orchid such as Cymbidium ensifolium (L.) Sw. is relatively big, the most more Important influence factor is to the requirement cultivating soil.Majority use the vegetable mould doped with wood substance grain as orchid at present The Nutrition Soil of flower, but owing to vegetable mould is overweight, breathability and water-retaining property are the best, it is difficult to meet the growth needs of orchid.
Cultivation matrix refers to substitute soil environment and fixes the solid matrix of root system of plant, and cultivation matrix can provide Crop machinery is supported and the solid dielectric of nutrient substance supply.Common conventional inorganic cultivation matrix has Vermiculitum, perlite, rock Cotton, sand, polyurethane etc.;Organic substrate has peat, rice hull carbon, bark etc..Vegetable substrate culture technology saves labor with it, water-saving Save fertile, high-quality and efficient, environmental protection of low pollution and avoid the advantages such as continuous cropping obstacle the most gradually to be approved by numerous vegetable growers.But exist and protect The shortcoming that water is the best, resistance against diseases is weak, nutritional labeling release is too fast.
Summary of the invention
In order to solve above-mentioned technical problem, the present invention devises a kind of organic substrate being applicable to orchid plant culture, tool There are the features such as resistance against diseases is strong, water conservation is breathed freely, nutritious.This universal cultivation organic substrate is to use below scheme to realize :
A kind of organic substrate being applicable to orchid plant culture, it is characterised in that: calculate by weight/mass percentage composition, substrate Constituent is: coconut husk L 50-60%, Folium Camelliae sinensis fine powder 20-30%, cultivates bedding and padding 10-20%.
Preferably, the particle diameter of described coconut husk L is 1.5-2.0cm.
Preferably, the particle diameter of described Folium Camelliae sinensis fine powder is 200-250 mesh.
Preferably, the making step of described a kind of organic substrate being applicable to orchid plant culture includes:
(1) coconut husk is reeled off raw silk from cocoons broken, screening, choose the coconut husk chip that particle diameter is 1.5-2.0cm, carry out desalinization of soil by flooding or leaching process, go Except Cl-、Na+, add the probiotic bacteria dry powder that weight is 1% the most respectively, and the holding that adds water be moistening, stacks fermentation maturity, makes coconut palm Shell L;
(2) taking cultivation bedding and padding, the holding that adds water is moistening, stacks, fully ferments, make innoxious;
(3) by coconut husk L, Folium Camelliae sinensis fine powder, cultivation bedding and padding mix homogeneously by a certain percentage of the weight, moulding machine, compacting are sent into Molding.
Preferably, described probiotic bacteria includes actinomycetes, nitrogen-fixing bacteria, phosphate solubilizing bacteria, potassium solubilizing bacteria, lactic acid bacteria, yeast, Kazakhstan time Any one or a few composition in trichoderma.
Preferably, described cultivation bedding and padding are the solid waste using the plant of microorganism zero-emission fermentation bed process to produce Thing, primary raw material is the mixing bedding and padding of rice husk, coir, wherein contains Paecilomyces lilacinus, avirulent Fusarium oxysporum two Plant biocontrol microorganisms.
Preferably, described coconut husk, the fermentation time of cultivation bedding and padding are 30-60 days, and water content during fermentation is 40- 60%.
A kind of organic substrate being applicable to orchid plant culture of the present invention, has the advantage that
1, resistance against diseases is strong.The Paecilomyces lilacinus contained in the bedding and padding of the present invention, avirulent Fusarium oxysporum, be one Class biocontrol microorganisms, Paecilomyces lilacinus has the powerful biological and ecological methods to prevent plant disease, pests, and erosion energy killing nematicide;Fungus is had by avirulent Fusarium oxysporum The strongest inhibitory action;These biocontrol microorganisms can effectively suppress the pathogen in substrate, reduces the probability that orchid catches an illness, and promotees Enter plant health growth.
2, there is stronger water conservation permeability.The water conservation permeability of soil is required higher by the orchid family class plant, and this In invention, the particle diameter of coconut husk L is 1.5-2.0cm, and support strength is good, owing to its gap is relatively big, is beneficial to ventilative, but is typically unfavorable for Water conservation;And the particle diameter of Folium Camelliae sinensis fine powder is 200-250 mesh, the good hygroscopicity of Folium Camelliae sinensis, beneficially water conservation, but Folium Camelliae sinensis water suction after hardness not Enough, easily lump thus be unfavorable for breathing freely;After the two mixing, both can overcome the disadvantages that the shortcoming that coconut husk L water conservation is the best, can overcome the disadvantages that again Folium Camelliae sinensis Unfavorable ventilative deficiency so that the equilibrium degree of the ventilative water conservation of whole substrate reaches optimal level, thus meets orchid To breathability and the requirement of water-retaining property, for the planting conditions that the growth offer of orchid is good.
3, there is abundant nutritive value.In organic substrate in the present invention, coconut husk has higher P elements and potassium unit Cellulose content, containing abundant nitrogen element in Folium Camelliae sinensis, and bedding and padding have substantial amounts of organic matter and abundant nitrogen element, P elements, potassium Element, and various trace elements.Therefore, in technical scheme, not only providing in orchid plant culture technology The organic nutritioies such as a large amount of Hydrocarbon, cellulose, and provide sufficient inorganic nutrients, there is abundant nutrition and be worth, Without additionally using other fertilizer.
4, nutritional labeling stably discharges.Traditional soil incubation needs periodically fertilising, and need that controlling well apply fertilizer and expect is dense Degree, otherwise easily causes burn seedlings.And containing profitable probliotics in the substrate of the application, it is possible to along with fermentation constantly produces metabolite, These metabolites contain abundant nitrogen, phosphorus, potassium, it is possible to provide nutrition for plant, and steady along with the poor growth of probiotic bacteria Fixed release, plays the effect of similar slow releasing agent, it is possible to ensure that plant all has the nutrient of abundance in growth early stage and later stage, it is not necessary to Fertilising ensures that and contains the bio-feritlizer stablizing content in substrate, avoids burn seedlings while providing adequate nutrients for plant Situation, conveniently saves worry.
Detailed description of the invention
In order to make the purpose of the present invention, technical scheme and advantage clearer, below in conjunction with embodiment, to the present invention It is further elaborated.Should be appreciated that specific embodiment described herein, only in order to explain the present invention, is not used to Limit the present invention.
Embodiment 1
A kind of organic substrate being applicable to orchid plant culture, it is characterised in that: calculate by weight/mass percentage composition, substrate Constituent is: coconut husk L 50%, Folium Camelliae sinensis fine powder 20%, cultivates bedding and padding 20%.
Its making step includes:
(1) coconut husk is reeled off raw silk from cocoons broken, screening, choose the coconut husk chip that particle diameter is 1.5-2.0cm, carry out desalinization of soil by flooding or leaching process, go Except Cl-、Na+, add actinomycetes, nitrogen-fixing bacteria dry powder that weight is 1% the most respectively, and the holding that adds water be moistening, stack fermentation corruption Ripe, make coconut husk L;
(2) taking cultivation bedding and padding, the holding that adds water is moistening, stacks, fully ferments, make innoxious;
(3) by above-mentioned coconut husk L, Folium Camelliae sinensis fine powder, cultivation bedding and padding mix homogeneously by a certain percentage of the weight, moulding machine is sent into, Compressing.
Described coconut husk, the fermentation time of cultivation bedding and padding are 30 days, and water content during fermentation is 40%.
Embodiment 2
A kind of organic substrate being applicable to orchid plant culture, it is characterised in that: calculate by weight/mass percentage composition, substrate Constituent is: coconut husk L 55%, Folium Camelliae sinensis fine powder 25%, cultivates bedding and padding 15%.
Its making step includes:
(1) coconut husk is reeled off raw silk from cocoons broken, screening, choose the coconut husk chip that particle diameter is 1.5-2.0cm, carry out desalinization of soil by flooding or leaching process, go Except Cl-、Na+, add actinomycetes, nitrogen-fixing bacteria dry powder that weight is 1% the most respectively, and the holding that adds water be moistening, stack fermentation corruption Ripe, make coconut husk L;
(2) taking cultivation bedding and padding, the holding that adds water is moistening, stacks, fully ferments, make innoxious;
(3) by above-mentioned coconut husk L, Folium Camelliae sinensis fine powder, cultivation bedding and padding mix homogeneously by a certain percentage of the weight, moulding machine is sent into, Compressing.
Described coconut husk, the fermentation time of cultivation bedding and padding are 45 days, and water content during fermentation is 45%.
Embodiment 3
A kind of organic substrate being applicable to orchid plant culture, it is characterised in that: calculate by weight/mass percentage composition, substrate Constituent is: coconut husk L 60%, Folium Camelliae sinensis fine powder 30%, cultivates bedding and padding 10%.
Its making step includes:
(1) coconut husk is reeled off raw silk from cocoons broken, screening, choose the coconut husk chip that particle diameter is 1.5-2.0cm, carry out desalinization of soil by flooding or leaching process, go Except Cl-、Na+, add actinomycetes, nitrogen-fixing bacteria dry powder that weight is 1% the most respectively, and the holding that adds water be moistening, stack fermentation corruption Ripe, make coconut husk L;
(2) taking cultivation bedding and padding, the holding that adds water is moistening, stacks, fully ferments, make innoxious;
(3) by above-mentioned coconut husk L, Folium Camelliae sinensis fine powder, cultivation bedding and padding mix homogeneously by a certain percentage of the weight, moulding machine is sent into, Compressing.
Described coconut husk, the fermentation time of cultivation bedding and padding are 60 days, and water content during fermentation is 60%.
Embodiment 4
Experiment 1: the cultivation bedding and padding containing biocontrol microorganisms and the cultivation bedding and padding without biocontrol microorganisms are carried out contrast test.To same The prevalence of the Cymbidium ensifolium (L.) Sw. plant that under environment, different substrates grows is added up, and result shows: compared with common cultivation matrix, make Reduce 18.2% by the prevalence of the Cymbidium ensifolium (L.) Sw. plant of the substrate culture containing biocontrol microorganisms, and growing way is preferable.Visible, the present invention's Organic substrate resistance against diseases is strong, it is possible to reduces the ill probability of cultivated orchid, promotes orchid to grow up healthy and sound.
Experiment 2: common the orchid family cultivation matrix on the organic substrate of the present invention and market is carried out water content and oxygen content Measurement compare.Result shows: compared with common the orchid family cultivation matrix, the water content of the orchid family cultivation organic substrate of the present invention Improve 20.9%, oxygen content improves 16.3%, and water-retaining property and breathability are significantly increased, and the organic substrate of the present invention is suitableeer Cultivation together in orchid.
The above, the only present invention preferably detailed description of the invention, but protection scope of the present invention is not limited thereto, Any those familiar with the art in the technical scope that the invention discloses, the change that can readily occur in or replacement, All should contain within protection scope of the present invention.Therefore, protection scope of the present invention should be with scope of the claims It is as the criterion.

Claims (7)

1. the organic substrate being applicable to orchid plant culture, it is characterised in that: calculate by weight/mass percentage composition, the group of substrate One-tenth composition is: coconut husk L 50-60%, Folium Camelliae sinensis fine powder 20-30%, cultivates bedding and padding 10-20%.
A kind of organic substrate being applicable to orchid plant culture the most according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: described coconut palm The particle diameter of shell L is 1.5-2.0cm.
A kind of organic substrate being applicable to orchid plant culture the most according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: described tea The particle diameter of leaf fine powder is 200-250 mesh.
4. according to the arbitrary described a kind of organic substrate being applicable to orchid plant culture of claim 1-3, it is characterised in that: institute The making step of the organic substrate stated includes:
(1) coconut husk is reeled off raw silk from cocoons broken, screening, choose the coconut husk chip that particle diameter is 1.5-2.0cm, carry out desalinization of soil by flooding or leaching process, remove Cl-、 Na+, add the probiotic bacteria dry powder that weight is 1% the most respectively, and the holding that adds water be moistening, stacks fermentation maturity, makes coconut husk L;
(2) taking cultivation bedding and padding, the holding that adds water is moistening, stacks, fully ferments, make innoxious;
(3) by coconut husk L, Folium Camelliae sinensis fine powder, cultivation bedding and padding mix homogeneously by a certain percentage of the weight, moulding machine is sent into, compressing.
A kind of organic substrate being applicable to orchid plant culture the most according to claim 4, it is characterised in that: described benefit Raw bacterium include in actinomycetes, nitrogen-fixing bacteria, phosphate solubilizing bacteria, potassium solubilizing bacteria, lactic acid bacteria, yeast, Kazakhstan time trichoderma any one or several Plant composition.
A kind of organic substrate being applicable to orchid plant culture the most according to claim 4, it is characterised in that: described supports Growing bedding and padding is the solid waste using the plant of microorganism zero-emission fermentation bed process to produce, and primary raw material is rice husk, coconut palm fibre The mixing bedding and padding of dimension, wherein contain Paecilomyces lilacinus, two kinds of biocontrol microorganisms of avirulent Fusarium oxysporum.
The method of making the most according to claim 4 universal cultivation organic substrate, it is characterised in that: described coconut husk, The fermentation time of cultivation bedding and padding is 30-60 days, and water content during fermentation is 40-60%.
CN201610600567.1A 2016-07-28 2016-07-28 A kind of organic substrate being applicable to orchid plant culture CN106212233A (en)

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN107141056A (en) * 2017-04-25 2017-09-08 四川省农业科学院园艺研究所 The blue cultural method of state's orchid cultivation matrix and preparation method thereof and state

Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JPS62250998A (en) * 1986-04-23 1987-10-31 Agency Of Ind Science & Technol Hydroponic type purifying fence
CN102173959A (en) * 2011-03-18 2011-09-07 厦门市江平生物基质技术有限公司 Eucalyptus seedling culture substrate and production process thereof
CN103348903A (en) * 2013-07-31 2013-10-16 厦门市江平生物基质技术有限公司 Special matrix for breeding of Chinese fir and production technology thereof
CN103992179A (en) * 2014-05-29 2014-08-20 太仓绿丰农业生物基质有限公司 Production method for culture medium of strawberries
CN104604389A (en) * 2015-01-28 2015-05-13 福建省农业科学院农业生物资源研究所 Method for rapidly screening seedling substrate by adopting agricultural by-product extract liquid

Patent Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JPS62250998A (en) * 1986-04-23 1987-10-31 Agency Of Ind Science & Technol Hydroponic type purifying fence
CN102173959A (en) * 2011-03-18 2011-09-07 厦门市江平生物基质技术有限公司 Eucalyptus seedling culture substrate and production process thereof
CN103348903A (en) * 2013-07-31 2013-10-16 厦门市江平生物基质技术有限公司 Special matrix for breeding of Chinese fir and production technology thereof
CN103992179A (en) * 2014-05-29 2014-08-20 太仓绿丰农业生物基质有限公司 Production method for culture medium of strawberries
CN104604389A (en) * 2015-01-28 2015-05-13 福建省农业科学院农业生物资源研究所 Method for rapidly screening seedling substrate by adopting agricultural by-product extract liquid

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN107141056A (en) * 2017-04-25 2017-09-08 四川省农业科学院园艺研究所 The blue cultural method of state's orchid cultivation matrix and preparation method thereof and state

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