CN106211950A - A kind of fermenter for ensiling test and using method thereof - Google Patents

A kind of fermenter for ensiling test and using method thereof Download PDF

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Publication number
CN106211950A
CN106211950A CN201610562076.2A CN201610562076A CN106211950A CN 106211950 A CN106211950 A CN 106211950A CN 201610562076 A CN201610562076 A CN 201610562076A CN 106211950 A CN106211950 A CN 106211950A
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China
Prior art keywords
fermenter
bung
hose
fermentation
ensiling
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CN201610562076.2A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
王建福
李洁
张昌吉
雷赵民
吴建平
成述儒
王欣荣
张利平
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Gansu Agricultural University
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Gansu Agricultural University
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Priority to CN201610562076.2A priority Critical patent/CN106211950A/en
Publication of CN106211950A publication Critical patent/CN106211950A/en
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01FPROCESSING OF HARVESTED PRODUCE; HAY OR STRAW PRESSES; DEVICES FOR STORING AGRICULTURAL OR HORTICULTURAL PRODUCE
    • A01F25/00Storing agricultural or horticultural produce; Hanging-up harvested fruit
    • A01F25/16Arrangements in forage silos

Abstract

The invention discloses a kind of fermenter for ensiling test and using method thereof, it is made up of one-way exhausting device, bung, staving, mono-directional drainage, one-way exhausting device is arranged on the top of bung, bung is arranged on the top of staving, the bottom of staving is provided with mono-directional drainage, one-way exhausting device is sequentially connected with is constituted by the first plate joint, exhaust hose, one-way exhaust valve excessively, and mono-directional drainage is crossed plate joint, first row water tube hose, check water valve, second row water tube hose and common water valve by second and is sequentially connected with and constitutes;The present invention can carry out ensiling test conveniently and efficiently, and collect the transudate produced in sweat, overcome in conventional ensiling testing equipment that oxygen content is high, gas discharges difficulty, difficulty collected by fermentation liquid, cost is high, be difficult to successful shortcoming, simple to operate, in air before fermentation and the gas of the generation of sweat are easier to discharge, easy, bucket collected by fermentation liquid, zones of different fermentation quality difference is little, is suitable to popularization and application.

Description

A kind of fermenter for ensiling test and using method thereof
Technical field
The invention belongs to herding Sativa Silage Technology field, particularly relate to a kind of fermenter for ensiling test and user thereof Method.
Background technology
Ensilage has tender, succulence, lovely luster, fragrant agreeable to the taste, nutritious, the minimizing domestic animal digestive system of acid and posts The plurality of advantages such as the generation of infested disease.Before and after silage fermentation, the loss rate of material nutritional labeling and the intensity of variation of Feeding Value are Evaluate the important indicator of silage fermentation quality.The kind of material, each nutrient composition content, dry matter content, harvesting approach, results Time, guillotine cutting mode and length, packing method, loading density, envelope cellar for storing things method and nutrient substance and the addition etc. of additive All influence whether silage fermentation process and final feeding effect and benefit.For a long time, different mode of production ensilings are raised The hot research content of the research of material sweat and product quality always livestock technology personnel.Traditional horizental silo, ensiling Moat, silage tower, packing and ensiling, wrap up in that the operation of the Silaging method such as bag ensiling is complicated, need a large amount of human and material resources, equipment and place etc. Resource, ensilage is wayward, it is very big to be affected by objective factor, is also unfavorable for carrying out organizing parallel test more.And it is current Although barreled ensiling solve the problem such as equipment and place, but before generally there is fermentation, the aerogenesis of air and sweat can not The series of problems such as discharge, fermentation liquid should not be collected, zones of different fermentation quality difference is big in bucket.It is embodied in: (1) ensiling The ensiling ways such as cellar for storing things, trench silo, silage tower, it is necessary first to build these silage facilities, and the volume of these silage facilities is big, Floor space is big, need that material is more, sealing is poor, and after ensiling, the quality discrepancy of different parts is relatively big, and especially corner is sent out Mould going bad can avoid hardly, carries out parallel on a large scale and controlled trial is the most difficult.(2) packing and ensiling, wrap up in the green grass or young crops such as bag ensiling Storage mode, solves that tradition silage facilities volume is big, need the shortcomings such as material is many, sealing to be also greatly improved, but this kind of green grass or young crops Store production method and need the machinery participation such as baling press, baling press, there is also the fermentation liquid collection more difficulty etc. that fermentation produces Problem.(3) the either mode such as silage facilities or packing and ensiling such as horizental silo, for the gas before fermentation and in sweat Discharge and all there is no reliable approach.And ensiling belongs to anaerobic fermentation, the air of remaining is the most, and the aerobic fermentation that ensiling starts most is more Seriously, the raised growth such as the antibacterial of various aerobic fermentation, mycete, yeast, clostridium, delay ensiling lactic acid bacteria to be formed further The time of dominant bacteria, the speed making pH decline slows down, and fermentation heat production increases, ensiling loss aggravation, causes ensilage quality to reduce, Even ensiling moldy metamorphism.(4) if the gas during silage fermentation can not effectively be discharged, or output, is inconsistent, pole Being easily caused silage fermentation inhomogeneities to strengthen, the result bad stability of ensiling test, the difference between group diminishes or disappears, seriously Affect the accuracy of result of the test.(5) fermentation when dry matter content is less than 35% in ensiling material the most more can be readily available Success, but often there is the phenomenon that liquid oozes out during silage fermentation.The dry matter content of silage effluent is 1%-10%, Generally about 6%.Silage effluent Middle nutrition content of material enriches, and wherein nitrogen source accounts for 20%, and carbon source accounts for 55%, and mineral accounts for 25%, carbon source is mainly the soluble sugars such as glucose, fructose, galactose, xylose and arabinose.Silage effluent not only can be made Become the loss of nutrition, and environmental pollution can be caused, so for a long time for the research of transudate in ensilage the most yes One of key content, and traditional ensiling way, collect silage fermentation transudate the most difficult.
It is complicated to there is structure in the fermenter of existing ensiling test, and floor space is relatively big, relatively costly problem.
Summary of the invention
It is an object of the invention to provide a kind of fermenter for ensiling test and using method thereof, it is intended to solve existing The fermenter of ensiling test to there is structure complicated, floor space is relatively big, relatively costly problem.
The present invention is achieved in that a kind of fermenter for ensiling test, and this is used for the fermenter bag of ensiling test Include: one-way exhausting device, bung, staving, mono-directional drainage;
Described one-way exhausting device is arranged on the top of described bung, and described bung is arranged on the top of described staving, described bucket The bottom of body is provided with described mono-directional drainage.
Further, described staving and bung being provided with screw thread, described staving is connected fixing by screw thread with described bung.
Further, described one-way exhausting device includes: first crosses plate joint, exhaust hose, one-way exhaust valve;
Described first mistake plate joint is arranged on the geometric center position of described bung, and the described first plate joint excessively is soft with described aerofluxus One end of pipe is connected, and the other end of described exhaust hose is connected with described one-way exhaust valve.
Further, described exhaust hose uses silica gel hose, and described first crosses plate joint and described exhaust hose junction Being provided with plastics clip, described exhaust hose and described one-way exhaust valve junction are provided with plastics clip.
Further, described mono-directional drainage includes: second crosses plate joint, first row water tube hose, check water valve, second row Water tube hose, common water valve;
Described second crosses plate joint is arranged on the bottom of described staving, and described second crosses plate joint and described first row water tube hose One end is connected, and the other end of described first row water tube hose is connected with described check water valve, described check water valve and described the One end of two scupper hoses is connected, and described second row water tube hose is connected with described common water valve.
Further, described first row water tube hose and second row water tube hose all use silica gel hose, and described second crosses plate joint Described first row water tube hose junction is provided with plastics clip, and described first row water tube hose sets with described check water valve junction Being equipped with plastics clip, described check water valve is provided with plastics clip, described second row with the junction of described second row water tube hose Water tube hose is provided with plastics clip with the junction of described common water valve.
Another object of the present invention is to provide the using method of a kind of described fermenter for ensiling test, described in make Include by method:
(1) the material hay cutter guillotine cutting needing ensiling is become 1-1.5cm segment or rubs silk pulverizing with wire kneading machine;
(2) material, in water, microbial inoculum, saccharide to material, mix homogeneously;
(3) fermenter bung qualified for airtight test is opened, after the material mix homogeneously that will handle well, load fermenter, right Material carries out compaction treatment;
(4), after cleaning fermenter and bung edge, fermentation bung is screwed;
(5) connect flexible pipe with vacuum pump to be extracted out by the air in fermenter at the one-way exhaust valve above bung;
(6) fermenter is placed natural fermentation at ambient temperature;
(7) after fermentation 5-7d, after the check water valve bottom staving has liquid to flow out, open common water valve, collect fermentation transudate;
(8) staving inclined side is put, collect fermentation transudate;
(9) pH of transudate, dry, crude protein, crude fat, crude fibre, calcium, phosphorus and other trace element, organic is measured Acid, vitamin and content of lactic acid bacteria index;
(10) after fermenting 40 days, second time collects fermentation transudate, opens fermenter bung, first observes and evaluate fermentation quality, then Detection pH, dry, crude protein, crude fat, crude fibre, calcium, phosphorus and other trace element, organic acid, vitamin and lactic acid Bacterial content index.
The fermenter for ensiling test of present invention offer and using method thereof, by one-way exhausting device, bung, bucket Body, mono-directional drainage are constituted, and one-way exhausting device is arranged on the top of bung, and bung is arranged on the top of staving, staving Bottom is provided with mono-directional drainage, and one-way exhausting device is sequentially connected with by the first plate joint, exhaust hose, one-way exhaust valve excessively Constituting, mono-directional drainage is crossed plate joint, first row water tube hose, check water valve, second row water tube hose and common water valve by second It is sequentially connected with composition;The present invention can carry out ensiling test conveniently and efficiently, and collects the transudate produced in sweat, overcomes In conventional ensiling testing equipment, oxygen content is high, gas discharges difficulty, difficulty collected by fermentation liquid, cost is high, be difficult to successfully Shortcoming, simple to operate, gas that air before fermentation and sweat produce is easier to discharge, fermentation liquid is collected in easy, bucket not Little with region fermentation quality difference, be suitable to popularization and application.This fermenter is used to carry out corn straw silage fermentation test, with parcel Ensiling, common fermentation bucket are compared, good in fermented feed homogeneity, and edge is without moldy metamorphism phenomenon.The equipment of the present invention is simple, accounts for Ground area is little, can carry out and organize parallel test more;Material requirement is few, low cost;One-way exhausting device can conveniently discharge making During aerogenesis in storeroom air and sweat;Individual event drainage arrangement can be collected fermentation different phase easily and produce Transudate, and carry out analysis of experiments.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is the structural representation of the fermenter for ensiling test that the embodiment of the present invention provides;
Fig. 2 is the using method flow chart of the fermenter for ensiling test that the embodiment of the present invention provides.
In figure: 1, one-way exhausting device;1-1, the first mistake plate joint;1-2, exhaust hose;1-3, one-way exhaust valve;2, bucket Lid;3, staving;4, mono-directional drainage;4-1, the second mistake plate joint;4-2, first row water tube hose;4-3, check water valve;4-4、 Second row water tube hose;4-5, common water valve.
Detailed description of the invention
In order to make the purpose of the present invention, technical scheme and advantage clearer, below in conjunction with embodiment, to the present invention It is further elaborated.Should be appreciated that specific embodiment described herein, only in order to explain the present invention, is not used to Limit the present invention.
As it is shown in figure 1, the present invention is achieved in that a kind of fermenter for ensiling test, this is used for ensiling test Fermenter include: one-way exhausting device 1, bung 2, staving 3, mono-directional drainage 4;
One-way exhausting device 1 is arranged on the top of bung 2, and bung 2 is arranged on the top of staving 3, and the bottom of staving 3 is provided with list To drainage arrangement 4.
In embodiments of the present invention, staving 3 and bung 2 being provided with screw thread, staving 3 is connected solid by screw thread with bung 2 Fixed.
In embodiments of the present invention, one-way exhausting device 1 includes: first crosses plate joint 1-1, exhaust hose 1-2, unidirectional row Air valve 1-3;
First crosses plate joint 1-1 is arranged on the geometric center position of bung 2, and first crosses the one of plate joint 1-1 and exhaust hose 1-2 End is connected, and the other end of exhaust hose 1-2 is connected with one-way exhaust valve 1-3.
In embodiments of the present invention, exhaust hose 1-2 uses silica gel hose, and first crosses plate joint 1-1 and exhaust hose 1-2 Junction is provided with plastics clip, and exhaust hose 1-2 and one-way exhaust valve 1-3 junction are provided with plastics clip.
In embodiments of the present invention, mono-directional drainage 4 includes: second crosses plate joint 4-1, first row water tube hose 4-2, inverse Water check valve 4-3, second row water tube hose 4-4, common water valve 4-5;
Second crosses plate joint 4-1 is arranged on the bottom of staving 3, and second crosses one end phase of plate joint 4-1 and first row water tube hose 4-2 Connection, the other end of first row water tube hose 4-2 is connected with check water valve 4-3, check water valve 4-3 and second row water tube hose 4-4 One end be connected, second row water tube hose 4-4 is connected with common water valve 4-5.
In embodiments of the present invention, first row water tube hose 4-2 and second row water tube hose 4-4 all uses silica gel hose, and second Cross plate joint 4-1 and first row water tube hose 4-2 junction is provided with plastics clip, first row water tube hose 4-2 and check water valve 4-3 Junction is provided with plastics clip, and the junction of check water valve 4-3 and second row water tube hose 4-4 is provided with plastics clip, and second Scupper hose 4-4 and common water valve 4-5 junction are provided with plastics clip.
As in figure 2 it is shown, the method that the fermenter that the present invention uses ensiling to test carries out silage fermentation, the method includes following Step:
Step S101, it would be desirable to the material hay cutter guillotine cutting of ensiling becomes 1-1.5cm segment or rubs silk pulverizing with wire kneading machine, will add Add material uniformly to add to material according to the levels of EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN, mix homogeneously;
Step S102, opens the bung 2 of fermenter qualified for airtight test, loads after the material mix homogeneously that will handle well Fermenter, employment is stepped on, weight extrudes or special compacting equipment carries out compaction treatment, cleaning fermenter and bung 2 limit to material After edge, fermentation bung 2 is screwed;
Step S103, connects exhaust hose 1-2 with vacuum pump, by the sky in fermenter at the unidirectional air outlet valve above bung 2 Gas is extracted out;
Step S104, places natural fermentation at ambient temperature by fermenter, after fermenting 5-7 days, sees the check bottom staving 3 After water valve 4-3 has liquid to flow out, open common water valve 4-5, collect fermentation transudate, staving 3 inclined side is put, collects further Fermentation transudate;
Step S105, measures the pH of transudate, dry, crude protein, crude fat, crude fibre, calcium, phosphorus and other trace unit Element, organic acid, vitamin and content of lactic acid bacteria index;
Step S106, after fermenting about 40 days, second time collects fermentation transudate, can open fermenter bung 2 afterwards, first observe Evaluation fermentation quality, then detect pH, dry, crude protein, crude fat, crude fibre, calcium, phosphorus and other trace element, organic Acid, vitamin and content of lactic acid bacteria index.
Below in conjunction with the accompanying drawings and the application principle of the present invention is further described by specific embodiment.
As it is shown in figure 1, embodiments provide a kind of fermenter for silage fermentation test, including staving 3, bucket Lid 2, first plate joint 1-1 excessively, one-way exhaust valve 1-3, exhaust hose 1-2, the second mistake plate joint 4-1, first row water tube hose 4- 2, second row water tube hose 4-4, check water valve 4-3, common water valve 4-5;Exhaust hose 1-2, first row water tube hose 4-2 and second row Water tube hose 4-4 all uses silica gel hose.
Having screw thread at staving 3 upper end open, lower end side has opening, has second to cross plate joint 4-1 at lower ending opening, Second crosses plate joint 4-1 rear end connects and has first row water tube hose 4-2 and second row water tube hose 4-4, first row water tube hose 4-2 and the Two scupper hose 4-4 all use silica gel hose, check water valve 4-3, common water valve 4-5, first row water tube hose 4-2 and the second draining The seam of flexible pipe 4-4 is fixed with four plastics clips.
Bung 2 upper and lower side has screw thread, and top has perforate, tapping to have first to cross plate joint 1-1, and first crosses plate joint 1- Having one-way exhaust valve 1-3, one-way exhaust valve 1-3 and first to cross plate joint 1-1 above in the of 1 to be connected by exhaust hose 1-2, aerofluxus is soft Pipe 1-2 uses silica gel hose, and exhaust hose 1-2 two ends use two plastics clips to fix.
The check water valve 4-3 of staving 3 downside crosses after plate joint 4-1 second, and check water valve 4-3 and second crosses plate Joint 4-1 is connected by first row water tube hose 4-2, and first row water tube hose 4-2 two ends use two plastics clips to fix;Light water Valve 4-5 is after check water valve 4-3, and common water valve 4-5 is connected by second row water tube hose 4-4 with check water valve 4-3, the Two scupper hose 4-4 two ends are fixed with two plastics clips.
The discharge directions of the one-way exhaust valve 1-3 on bung 2 is for be given vent to anger outside bucket by bucket.
The water outlet direction of the check water valve 4-3 of staving 3 bottom sides is by water outlet outside bucket in bucket.
The fermenter for silage fermentation test that the embodiment of the present invention provides, fabrication and installation method is:
(1) buy the opening part threaded staving 3 of tool and bung 2, staving 3 and bung 2 are polypropylene (PP) material, staving 3 Volume is 20L.
(2) bung 2 geometric center position and staving 3 lower edge side according to drum head 0.5cm at, bore respectively with electric drill Hole, aperture is 10mm.
(3) two boring sites in curings at bung 2 and staving 3 lower end are installed first and are crossed plate joint 1-1(PP material), the first mistake The plate joint a diameter of 10mm of 1-1 inside thread, lateral joint internal diameter is 5.8mm, and external diameter is 9mm, and inner side is with M10 nut (PP material Matter) it is tightened.
(4) first on bung 2 crosses plate joint 1-1 and is connected with exhaust hose 1-2, the second mistake plate of staving 3 lower end Joint 4-1 is connected with first row water tube hose 4-2, and exhaust hose 1-2, first row water tube hose 4-2 use silica gel hose, and silica gel is soft Bore 9mm, external diameter 12mm, junction, silica gel hose two fixes with plastics clip (PP material), plastics clip a diameter of 11.5-12mm。
(5) first cross to connect on the exhaust hose 1-2 above plate joint 1-1 one-way exhaust valve 1-3 is installed on bung 2 (PP material), one-way exhaust valve 1-3 two ends external diameter is 9mm.
(6) second in staving 3 lower end crosses plate joint 4-1 rear and installs check water by first row water tube hose 4-2 connection Valve 4-3, check water valve 4-3(PP material) two ends external diameter is 9mm, check water valve 4-3 rear connects second row water tube hose 4-4, the One scupper hose 4-2 and second row water tube hose 4-4 uses silica gel hose, and internal diameter is 9mm, and external diameter is 12mm, silica gel hose rear Connect and common water valve 4-5(PP material be installed), common water valve 4-5 two ends external diameter is 9mm.
(7) after above step installs, being screwed with staving 3 by bung 2, the common water valve 4-5 connecting staving 3 closes, logical Cross vacuum pump and test the air-tightness of whole fermenter, with air tight as standard.
(8) if any gas leakage, check and reinstall debugging, until air tight.
The fermenter for silage fermentation test that the embodiment of the present invention provides carries out the manufacture method of silage fermentation:
(1) the material hay cutter guillotine cutting needing ensiling is become 1-1.5cm segment or rubs silk pulverizing with wire kneading machine.
(2) by substance, uniformly add to material according to the levels of EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN such as water, microbial inoculum, saccharide etc., Mix homogeneously.
(3) fermenter bung 2 qualified for airtight test is opened, after the material mix homogeneously that will handle well, load fermentation Bucket, employment is stepped on, weight extrudes or special compacting equipment carries out compaction treatment to material.
(4), after cleaning fermenter and bung 2 edge, fermentation bung 2 is screwed.
(5) connect flexible pipe with vacuum pump to be extracted out by the air in fermenter at the one-way exhaust valve 1-3 above bung 2.
(6) fermenter is placed at ambient temperature, allow its natural fermentation.
(7), after fermentation 5-7d, after seeing that the check water valve 4-3 bottom staving 3 has liquid to flow out, common water valve 4-5 is opened, Collect fermentation transudate.
(8) staving 3 inclined side is put, collect fermentation transudate further.
(9) measure the pH of transudate, dry, crude protein, crude fat, crude fibre, calcium, phosphorus and other trace element, The indexs such as organic acid, vitamin and content of lactic acid bacteria.
(10), after general fermentation about 40d, fermentation transudate can be collected for the second time, fermenter bung 2 can be opened afterwards, First observe evaluation fermentation quality, then detect pH, dry, crude protein, crude fat, crude fibre, calcium, phosphorus and other trace unit The indexs such as element, organic acid, vitamin and content of lactic acid bacteria.
The invention have the benefit that
(1) restriction of the conditions such as the human and material resources needed for conventional extensive ensiling test fermentation, place is overcome, in reality Test room, plant etc. and carry out that on a small scale ensiling test provides a kind of simple in construction, with low cost, material requirement amount is few, place The fermenter that area requirements is the highest.
(2) before overcoming conventional ensiling assay device fermentation, air cannot be discharged, and the transudate in sweat can not The restriction collected, it is provided that fermentation test success can be ensured by abundant air-out before fermentation, and when can collect different fermentations Between the fermenter of transudate.
Table 1 the design fermenter and common fermentation bucket fermented maize straw effectiveness comparison
Surface color Dry matter content before fermentation Dry matter content after fermentation Loss rate of macaroni
The design fermenter Vivid yellow green 28.71% 28.06% 20.70%
Common fermentation bucket Dim pitchy 28.71% 24.91% 25.21%
The fermenter for ensiling test that the embodiment of the present invention provides, by one-way exhausting device 1, bung 2, staving 3, unidirectional row Water device 4 is constituted, and one-way exhausting device 1 is arranged on the top of bung 2, and bung 2 is arranged on the top of staving 3, the bottom of staving 3 Being provided with mono-directional drainage 4, one-way exhausting device 1 is crossed plate joint 1-1, exhaust hose 1-2, one-way exhaust valve 1-3 by first Be sequentially connected with composition, mono-directional drainage 4 by second cross plate joint 4-1, first row water tube hose 4-2, check water valve 4-3, second Scupper hose 4-4 and common water valve 4-5 is sequentially connected with composition;The present invention can carry out ensiling test conveniently and efficiently, and collection is sent out The transudate of generation during ferment, overcomes oxygen content height, gas discharge difficulty, fermentation liquid receipts in conventional ensiling testing equipment Collection is difficult, cost is high, be difficult to successful shortcoming, and simple to operate, air and the gas of the generation of sweat before fermentation are easier to In discharge, fermentation liquid collection simplicity, bucket, zones of different fermentation quality difference is little, is suitable to popularization and application.
The foregoing is only presently preferred embodiments of the present invention, not in order to limit the present invention, all essences in the present invention Any amendment, equivalent and the improvement etc. made within god and principle, should be included within the scope of the present invention.

Claims (7)

1. the fermenter for ensiling test, it is characterised in that this fermenter being used for ensiling test includes: one-way exhaust Device, bung, staving, mono-directional drainage;
Described one-way exhausting device is arranged on the top of described bung, and described bung is arranged on the top of described staving, described bucket The bottom of body is provided with described mono-directional drainage.
2. the fermenter for ensiling test as claimed in claim 1, it is characterised in that be provided with on described staving and bung Screw thread, described staving is connected fixing by screw thread with described bung.
3. the fermenter for ensiling test as claimed in claim 1, it is characterised in that described one-way exhausting device includes: First crosses plate joint, exhaust hose, one-way exhaust valve;
Described first mistake plate joint is arranged on the geometric center position of described bung, and the described first plate joint excessively is soft with described aerofluxus One end of pipe is connected, and the other end of described exhaust hose is connected with described one-way exhaust valve.
4. the fermenter for ensiling test as claimed in claim 3, it is characterised in that described exhaust hose uses silica gel soft Pipe, described first crosses plate joint is provided with plastics clip with described exhaust hose junction, and described exhaust hose is unidirectional with described Air bleeding valve junction is provided with plastics clip.
5. the fermenter for ensiling test as claimed in claim 1, it is characterised in that described mono-directional drainage includes: Second crosses plate joint, first row water tube hose, check water valve, second row water tube hose, common water valve;
Described second crosses plate joint is arranged on the bottom of described staving, and described second crosses plate joint and described first row water tube hose One end is connected, and the other end of described first row water tube hose is connected with described check water valve, described check water valve and described the One end of two scupper hoses is connected, and described second row water tube hose is connected with described common water valve.
6. the fermenter for ensiling test as claimed in claim 5, it is characterised in that described first row water tube hose and second Scupper hose all uses silica gel hose, and described second crosses plate joint is provided with plastic clip with described first row water tube hose junction Hoop, described first row water tube hose and described check water valve junction are provided with plastics clip, described check water valve and described second The junction of scupper hose is provided with plastics clip, and the junction of described second row water tube hose and described common water valve is provided with moulds Material clip.
7. the using method of the fermenter tested for ensiling as claimed in claim 1, it is characterised in that described user Method includes:
(1) the material hay cutter guillotine cutting needing ensiling is become 1-1.5cm segment or rubs silk pulverizing with wire kneading machine;
(2) material, in water, microbial inoculum, saccharide to material, mix homogeneously;
(3) fermenter bung qualified for airtight test is opened, after the material mix homogeneously that will handle well, load fermenter, right Material carries out compaction treatment;
(4), after cleaning fermenter and bung edge, fermentation bung is screwed;
(5) connect flexible pipe with vacuum pump to be extracted out by the air in fermenter at the one-way exhaust valve above bung;
(6) fermenter is placed natural fermentation at ambient temperature;
(7) after fermentation 5-7d, after the check water valve bottom staving has liquid to flow out, open common water valve, collect fermentation transudate;
(8) staving inclined side is put, collect fermentation transudate;
(9) pH of transudate, dry, crude protein, crude fat, crude fibre, calcium, phosphorus and other trace element, organic is measured Acid, vitamin and content of lactic acid bacteria index;
(10) after fermenting 40 days, second time collects fermentation transudate, opens fermenter bung, first observes and evaluate fermentation quality, then Detection pH, dry, crude protein, crude fat, crude fibre, calcium, phosphorus and other trace element, organic acid, vitamin and lactic acid Bacterial content index.
CN201610562076.2A 2016-07-15 2016-07-15 A kind of fermenter for ensiling test and using method thereof Pending CN106211950A (en)

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Application publication date: 20161214