CN106210145A - A kind of agricultural environment monitoring system based on Internet of Things and method - Google Patents

A kind of agricultural environment monitoring system based on Internet of Things and method Download PDF

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Publication number
CN106210145A
CN106210145A CN201610816887.0A CN201610816887A CN106210145A CN 106210145 A CN106210145 A CN 106210145A CN 201610816887 A CN201610816887 A CN 201610816887A CN 106210145 A CN106210145 A CN 106210145A
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China
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module
sensor
internet
things
master processor
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CN201610816887.0A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
贺灿炎
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Beihai Hesi Technology Co Ltd
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Beihai Hesi Technology Co Ltd
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Priority to CN201610816887.0A priority Critical patent/CN106210145A/en
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    • HELECTRICITY
    • H04ELECTRIC COMMUNICATION TECHNIQUE
    • H04LTRANSMISSION OF DIGITAL INFORMATION, e.g. TELEGRAPHIC COMMUNICATION
    • H04L67/00Network-specific arrangements or communication protocols supporting networked applications
    • H04L67/12Network-specific arrangements or communication protocols supporting networked applications adapted for proprietary or special purpose networking environments, e.g. medical networks, sensor networks, networks in a car or remote metering networks
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02DCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES IN INFORMATION AND COMMUNICATION TECHNOLOGIES [ICT], I.E. INFORMATION AND COMMUNICATION TECHNOLOGIES AIMING AT THE REDUCTION OF THEIR OWN ENERGY USE
    • Y02D30/00Reducing energy consumption in communication networks
    • Y02D30/50Reducing energy consumption in communication networks in wire-line communication networks, e.g. low power modes or reduced link rate

Abstract

The invention discloses a kind of agricultural environment monitoring system based on Internet of Things and method, the present invention includes environment information acquisition module, sensor assembly, master processor module, communication module, cloud processing module, user terminal;Described environment information acquisition module, sensor assembly are connected with master processor module, and described master processor module is connected with user terminal by communication module, cloud processing module;The present invention can measure the various ambient parameters in agricultural greenhouse greenhouse the most in real time, has the features such as cheap, practical and low-power consumption.

Description

A kind of agricultural environment monitoring system based on Internet of Things and method
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of technology of Internet of things field, a kind of agricultural environment monitoring system based on Internet of Things and Method.
Background technology
Internet of Things by universally acknowledged for being the world information industry the 3rd after computer internet and mobile radio communication Secondary tide.It is to be perceived as premise, it is achieved the network that person to person, people interconnect with thing with thing, thing comprehensively.At this behind, then it is Object is implanted various microchip, obtains the various information of physical world with the sensor on these microchips, then lead to Cross the various telecommunication networks such as the wireless network of local, the Internet, mobile radio communication to transmit alternately, thus realize the sense to the world Know.
Agricultural environment monitoring Internet of Things, i.e. in greenhouse control system, uses the temperature sensor of Internet of things system, humidity Sensor, pH value sensor, optical sensor, CO2The equipment such as sensor, the temperature in detection environment, relative humidity, pH value, light According to intensity, soil nutrient, CO2The physical indexs such as concentration, are shown by various instrument and meters or in real time as automatically controlling Parameter participates in automatically controlling, it is ensured that crops have good, a suitable growing environment.The realization remotely controlled makes The environment of multiple booths just can be monitored controlling by technical staff in office.Wireless network is used to measure acquisition crop raw Long optimum condition, can be that greenhouse control accurate provides scientific basis, reach volume increase, improving quality, growth regulation cycle, carry The purpose of high economic benefit.In traditional agriculture, watering, apply fertilizer, go and buy Chinese medicine, peasant is the most by rule of thumb, by feel.Nowadays, industrialized agriculture Production base, it is seen that be but another kind of scene: gourd, fruit and vegetable should water or not?How fertilising, laxative, keep the denseest Degree?How temperature, humidity, illumination, gas concentration lwevel, carry out on-demand supply?A series of crops different growth periods once by " obscuring " problem processed, have information-based intelligent monitor system real-time quantitative " accurately " to check on, peasant only need to be done by individual switch Individual selection, or listen completely " instruction ", just can plant dish, support good flower.
To this end, the patent documentation of Application No. 201410038591.1 discloses agricultural greenhouse environment based on ZigBee prison Examining system and detection method, including: server unit, central processing unit, sensor unit, power subsystem and wireless telecommunications list Unit, described central processing unit includes controller, amplifier and a/d converter, and described sensor unit passes through described amplifier and institute Stating a/d converter to be connected, described a/d converter, described radio communication unit are connected with described controller with described battery unit Connecing, described server unit is connected with described central processing unit;That can measure in agricultural greenhouse greenhouse the most in real time is each Kind of ambient parameter, has the features such as cheap, practical and low-power consumption.The patent documentation of Application No. 201210428263.3 discloses Portable agricultural ambient parameter detecting system based on wireless sensing, sets including sensor assembly, wireless radio frequency modules, display Standby, power module, microcontroller, alarm device, mini-printer and memorizer;Described sensor assembly collection site crop Agricultural environment parameter, and ambient parameter is sent to microcontroller by wireless radio frequency modules;Described microcontroller is to receiving Ambient parameter carry out analog digital conversion, will conversion after ambient parameter data show by display module, and store arrive memorizer In;Ambient parameter after conversion and the ambient parameter safety value presetting identical crop are also compared by described microcontroller, as Ambient parameter after the most described conversion exceeds ambient parameter safety value, then send alarm signal, alarm device report to alarm device Alert, alarm signal is shown by display device simultaneously, and print relevant parameter by mini-printer;This invention, by nothing Line sensing technology monitors agricultural environment parameter in real time, constructs simple and convenient, does not affect original greenhouse facility structure, decreases construction Intensity, it is simple to be ignorant of personnel's production operation of agricultural production, it is achieved the standardized planting of agricultural;System is additionally provided with phonetic warning system System, is conducive to improving user and operates in time, it is ensured that safety in production;By the system integration in portable suitcase, can move The ambient parameter of the different agricultural facility of detection, is particularly suitable for some agricultural facility booth and is located at ungetable region, large-scale Equipment cannot move into, use portable agricultural environment parameter monitoring system, can light ambient parameter to crop faster Monitor in real time, provide decision-making foundation for grower, be conducive to the high-yield and high-efficiency of plantation.Application No. 201010249890.1 patent documentation disclose agricultural greenhouse temperature/humiditydetection detection system based on ZigBee-network and method, bag Include measurement node, router, coordinator and monitor terminal;Measurement node, router, coordinator constitute tree topology Zigbee wireless network, and carry out radio communication according to Zigbee tree route agreement;Pass through between coordinator and monitor terminal Wired forms connects and communicates;Described measurement node includes: for measuring the Temperature Humidity Sensor of temperature and humidity information, For carrying out the wireless transceiver circuit of radio communication with router, control to measure the microcontroller of node work, for temporarily depositing Put the data memory module of humiture information measuring gained, and the power supply of electric energy needed for each several part is provided;Microcontroller divides It is not connected with Temperature Humidity Sensor, data memory module, wireless transceiver circuit;Described router includes: for and measure node, Other router, coordinator carry out the wireless transceiver circuit of radio communication, control the microcontroller of router work, for temporarily Deposit the data memory module coming from the humiture information measuring node or other router received, and each portion is provided The power supply of electric energy needed for point;Microcontroller is connected with wireless transceiver circuit, data memory module respectively;Described coordinator includes: For carrying out the wireless transceiver circuit of radio communication with router, control the microcontroller of coordinator work, for temporarily depositing The data memory module of the humiture information coming from router received, for carrying out the master of wire communication with monitor terminal The power supply of electric energy needed for machine interface circuit, and offer each several part;Microcontroller stores mould with host interface circuit, data respectively Block, wireless transceiver circuit connect;The first, using the Zigbee radio sensing network of tree, router can directly use Tree route agreement, eliminates router and brings the expense of internal memory because building table of router, decrease the cost of router;The Two, measure node and router uses battery to power, there is the convenient feature of deployment;3rd, use beacon technique, router and The measurement node most of the time, all in sleep state, drastically reduce the area the expense of the energy content of battery, and the system that extends normally makes Use the time.
There is following four shortcoming in system above: first, and set of monitoring system bulk is relatively big, is not easy to install and safeguards. Second, there is bigger weakness in the bluetooth that sensor transmissions agreement uses and WIFI, Bluetooth technology is a kind of short-range nothing Line data are transmitted, it is impossible to detected agricultural greenhouse ambient parameter is real-time transmitted to telemonitoring center, lack monitoring in real time Function, and bluetooth power consumption when transmitting data is relatively big, need to often change power supply or charging, and additionally bluetooth is only supported one to one Transmission, it is impossible to receiving the signal that multiple sensor is transmitted through, function expansibility is weak simultaneously;And although WIFI agreement transmission speed is non- Often fast, transmission range is wide, but radio communication quality is bad, and Information Security can be more less better than bluetooth, and power consumption is very Greatly, it is evident that be not suitable for the most battery powered mobile monitoring system.3rd, it is wireless that portable monitoring system uses PDA to receive Module sends the Monitoring Data of coming, though being convenient to visualize data and upload data by GPRS module, but such that supervises The selling at exorbitant prices of protecting system, user need to individually be bought, and is unfavorable for extensively applying.4th, said system is combined with cell phone network The tightst so that mobile and real-time embodying obtains and inconspicuous.
Therefore, existing agricultural greenhouse aware platform have that volume is bigger, expensive, function expansibility is the strongest, wireless The host-host protocol more high many drawbacks of power consumption.
Summary of the invention
It is an object of the invention to provide a kind of agricultural environment monitoring system based on Internet of Things and method, above-mentioned to solve The problem proposed in background technology.
For achieving the above object, the present invention provides following technical scheme:
A kind of agricultural environment monitoring system based on Internet of Things, processes including environment information acquisition module, sensor assembly, master control Device module, communication module, cloud processing module, user terminal;Described environment information acquisition module, sensor assembly process with master control Device module connects, and described master processor module is connected with user terminal by communication module, cloud processing module.
As the further scheme of the present invention: described environment information acquisition module includes acquisition camera, rfid interrogator And RFID identification code, wherein acquisition camera is provided with flash lamp and infrared induction module.
As the further scheme of the present invention: described sensor assembly includes humidity sensor, temperature sensor, air stream Quantity sensor, alignment sensor, ultraviolet light transducer, gas concentration lwevel sensor, intensity of illumination sensor.
As the further scheme of the present invention: described master processor module is remote control table.
As the further scheme of the present invention: described communication module includes wifi module, bluetooth module, GPRS module.
As the further scheme of the present invention: described cloud processing module is the https agreement processed based on asymmetric cryptosystem Cloud processing module.
The method of a kind of agricultural environment based on Internet of Things monitoring, comprises the following steps:
(1) characteristic parameter of local environment is collected and is sent to sensor assembly, sensor assembly by environment information acquisition module By analyzing and carry out the statistical analysis of humidity, temperature, air mass flow, location, ultraviolet light, gas concentration lwevel and intensity of illumination Collect;
(2) the information transmission that environment information acquisition module and sensor assembly are gathered by communication module by master processor module Store to cloud processing module and process;
(3) agricultural environment is analyzed feedback by master processor module by user terminal in real time.
Compared with prior art, the invention has the beneficial effects as follows: the present invention includes environment information acquisition module, sensor die Block, master processor module, communication module, cloud processing module, user terminal;Described environment information acquisition module, sensor die Block is connected with master processor module, and described master processor module is by communication module, cloud processing module with user terminal even Connect;The present invention can measure the various ambient parameters in agricultural greenhouse greenhouse the most in real time, has cheap, practical and low-power consumption Etc. feature.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is operation logic figure of the present invention.
Detailed description of the invention
Below in conjunction with detailed description of the invention, the technical scheme of this patent is described in more detail.
Referring to Fig. 1, a kind of agricultural environment monitoring system based on Internet of Things, including environment information acquisition module, sensing Device module, master processor module, communication module, cloud processing module, user terminal;Described environment information acquisition module, sensing Device module is connected with master processor module, and described master processor module is by communication module, cloud processing module with user eventually End connects.
Described environment information acquisition module includes acquisition camera, rfid interrogator and RFID identification code, wherein gathers and takes the photograph As head is provided with flash lamp and infrared induction module.
Described sensor assembly includes humidity sensor, temperature sensor, air flow sensor, alignment sensor, purple Outer optical sensor, gas concentration lwevel sensor, intensity of illumination sensor.
Described master processor module is remote control table.
Described communication module includes wifi module, bluetooth module, GPRS module.
Described cloud processing module is the https agreement cloud processing module processed based on asymmetric cryptosystem.
The method of a kind of agricultural environment based on Internet of Things monitoring, comprises the following steps:
(1) characteristic parameter of local environment is collected and is sent to sensor assembly, sensor assembly by environment information acquisition module By analyzing and carry out the statistical analysis of humidity, temperature, air mass flow, location, ultraviolet light, gas concentration lwevel and intensity of illumination Collect;
(2) the information transmission that environment information acquisition module and sensor assembly are gathered by communication module by master processor module Store to cloud processing module and process;
(3) agricultural environment is analyzed feedback by master processor module by user terminal in real time.
Above the better embodiment of this patent is explained in detail, but this patent is not limited to above-mentioned embodiment party Formula, in the ken that one skilled in the relevant art is possessed, it is also possible on the premise of without departing from this patent objective Various changes can be made.

Claims (7)

1. an agricultural environment monitoring system based on Internet of Things, it is characterised in that include environment information acquisition module, sensor Module, master processor module, communication module, cloud processing module, user terminal;Described environment information acquisition module, sensor Module is connected with master processor module, and described master processor module is by communication module, cloud processing module and user terminal Connect.
Agricultural environment monitoring system based on Internet of Things the most according to claim 1, it is characterised in that described environmental information Acquisition module includes acquisition camera, rfid interrogator and RFID identification code, and wherein acquisition camera is provided with flash lamp and infrared Induction module.
Agricultural environment monitoring system based on Internet of Things the most according to claim 1, it is characterised in that described sensor die Block includes humidity sensor, temperature sensor, air flow sensor, alignment sensor, ultraviolet light transducer, dense carbon dioxide Degree sensor, intensity of illumination sensor.
Agricultural environment monitoring system based on Internet of Things the most according to claim 1, it is characterised in that described master control processes Device module is remote control table.
Agricultural environment monitoring system based on Internet of Things the most according to claim 1, it is characterised in that described communication module Including wifi module, bluetooth module, GPRS module.
Agricultural environment monitoring system based on Internet of Things the most according to claim 1, it is characterised in that described cloud processes mould Block is the https agreement cloud processing module processed based on asymmetric cryptosystem.
7. the method for agricultural environment based on the Internet of Things monitoring as described in claim 1-6 is arbitrary, it is characterised in that bag Include following steps:
(1) characteristic parameter of local environment is collected and is sent to sensor assembly, sensor assembly by environment information acquisition module By analyzing and carry out the statistical analysis of humidity, temperature, air mass flow, location, ultraviolet light, gas concentration lwevel and intensity of illumination Collect;
(2) the information transmission that environment information acquisition module and sensor assembly are gathered by communication module by master processor module Store to cloud processing module and process;
(3) agricultural environment is analyzed feedback by master processor module by user terminal in real time.
CN201610816887.0A 2016-09-12 2016-09-12 A kind of agricultural environment monitoring system based on Internet of Things and method Pending CN106210145A (en)

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Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN107168176A (en) * 2017-06-16 2017-09-15 中国农业科学院农业环境与可持续发展研究所 A kind of reading intelligent agriculture environmental monitoring system
CN107564054A (en) * 2017-09-07 2018-01-09 四川智慧鹰航空科技有限公司 A kind of low-noise micro-size unmanned plane reconnaissance equipment monitoring method
CN107687839A (en) * 2017-09-07 2018-02-13 四川智慧鹰航空科技有限公司 A kind of power consumption monitoring method using solar-energy photo-voltaic cell and the MAV of lithium electricity mixed power
CN108782184A (en) * 2018-05-09 2018-11-13 西安交通大学 A kind of automatic sensing intelligent flower watering kettle and its application method

Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105137950A (en) * 2015-09-24 2015-12-09 李拥军 Greenhouse intelligent control system based on Internet of Things technology
CN205353825U (en) * 2016-02-22 2016-06-29 沈阳农业大学 Greenhouse automatic control system
CN205485514U (en) * 2016-04-11 2016-08-17 成都智棚农业科技有限公司 Thing networking greenhouse intelligent management system
CN205507523U (en) * 2016-04-08 2016-08-24 成都智棚农业科技有限公司 Poultry aquaculture management system based on thing networking

Patent Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105137950A (en) * 2015-09-24 2015-12-09 李拥军 Greenhouse intelligent control system based on Internet of Things technology
CN205353825U (en) * 2016-02-22 2016-06-29 沈阳农业大学 Greenhouse automatic control system
CN205507523U (en) * 2016-04-08 2016-08-24 成都智棚农业科技有限公司 Poultry aquaculture management system based on thing networking
CN205485514U (en) * 2016-04-11 2016-08-17 成都智棚农业科技有限公司 Thing networking greenhouse intelligent management system

Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN107168176A (en) * 2017-06-16 2017-09-15 中国农业科学院农业环境与可持续发展研究所 A kind of reading intelligent agriculture environmental monitoring system
CN107564054A (en) * 2017-09-07 2018-01-09 四川智慧鹰航空科技有限公司 A kind of low-noise micro-size unmanned plane reconnaissance equipment monitoring method
CN107687839A (en) * 2017-09-07 2018-02-13 四川智慧鹰航空科技有限公司 A kind of power consumption monitoring method using solar-energy photo-voltaic cell and the MAV of lithium electricity mixed power
CN108782184A (en) * 2018-05-09 2018-11-13 西安交通大学 A kind of automatic sensing intelligent flower watering kettle and its application method

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Application publication date: 20161207

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