CN106208800A - A kind of slidingtype composite nano generator - Google Patents

A kind of slidingtype composite nano generator Download PDF

Info

Publication number
CN106208800A
CN106208800A CN201510219004.3A CN201510219004A CN106208800A CN 106208800 A CN106208800 A CN 106208800A CN 201510219004 A CN201510219004 A CN 201510219004A CN 106208800 A CN106208800 A CN 106208800A
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
described
electrical generation
generation components
friction member
component
Prior art date
Application number
CN201510219004.3A
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
杨亚
王雪
王中林
Original Assignee
北京纳米能源与系统研究所
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by 北京纳米能源与系统研究所 filed Critical 北京纳米能源与系统研究所
Priority to CN201510219004.3A priority Critical patent/CN106208800A/en
Publication of CN106208800A publication Critical patent/CN106208800A/en

Links

Abstract

The slidingtype composite nano generator that the present invention provides, including: triboelectricity assembly and electromagnetic induction electrification component, wherein, first electrical generation components of triboelectricity assembly includes the first friction member and contacts the first electrode arranged with the first friction member, and the second electrical generation components includes the second friction member and contacts the second electrode arranged with the second friction member;The magnet component of electromagnetic induction electrification component moves with the first electrical generation components, and coil component belongs to the second electrical generation components motion;Under external force, the first friction member and the second friction member surface rub mutually, and the surfacing of the first friction member and the contact of the second friction member exists receiving and losing electrons difference of ability;Meanwhile, magnet component magnetic flux in coil component produces change.The composite nano generator of the present invention, simple in construction, with low cost, the mechanical movement being once contacting and separating between the first electrical generation components and the second electrical generation components, two kinds of signals of telecommunication outputs can be produced simultaneously, improve energy conversion efficiency.

Description

A kind of slidingtype composite nano generator

Technical field

The present invention relates to this technical field of power generation, carry out particularly to friction effect is coupled with magnetoelectric effect The slidingtype composite nano generator of generating.

Background technology

Along with developing rapidly of world today's global economy, the energy becomes in human social One of tool a crucial factor.Scientists has worked out various technology and has obtained from nature The energy, such as solar energy, wind energy, geothermal energy, tide energy.In these techniques, obtain from external environment condition Taking mechanical energy is the technology the most extensively occurred, this has attracted the interest that scientists is huge, and by In there is the mechanical energy of flood tide in our living environment and in commercial production, this technology is considered It it is the effective and up-and-coming approach of one solving energy crisis.Our one action one in life Dynamic is all the small energy, collects these small energy for small-sized microelectronics, the self-powered of nanometer electronic device Energy-saving and emission-reduction and sustainable development are had important scientific meaning and practical value by dynamic power supply.

At present, the existing more report of nano generator based on friction effect, two receiving and losing electrons abilities are not With friction material slide over each other under mechanical energy effect friction, contacting setting with two friction materials Electric potential difference can be produced on electrode, electric current output can be formed in external circuit.But, rubbing of existing structure The energy reformulations wiping electromotor is single, inefficient.

Summary of the invention

(1) to solve the technical problem that

It is an object of the invention to provide a kind of slidingtype coupled based on friction effect and magnetoelectric effect again Close nano generator, while mechanical energy is changed into electric energy by triboelectricity assembly, drive electromagnetism sense Magnet component and the coil component relative motion of answering assembly produce the signal of telecommunication of inducting, and improve existing friction and send out The transformation efficiency of motor.

(2) technical scheme

For solving above-mentioned technical problem, the present invention proposes a kind of slidingtype composite nano generator, including: Triboelectricity assembly and electromagnetic induction electrification component, wherein,

Described triboelectricity assembly includes: the first electrical generation components and the second electrical generation components, wherein, and first Electricity parts include the first friction member and contact the first electrode arranged, the second Power Generation Section with the first friction member Part includes the second friction member and contacts the second electrode arranged with the second friction member;

Electromagnetic induction electrification component includes: magnet component and coil component, and described magnet component is with described One electrical generation components motion, described coil component is with described second electrical generation components motion;

Under external force, described first electrical generation components and the second electrical generation components can slide over each other, and make institute Stating the first friction member and the second friction member surface sliding friction, described first friction member and the second friction member connect There is receiving and losing electrons difference of ability in the surfacing touched;At described first electrical generation components and the second electrical generation components Under drive, described magnet component magnetic flux in described coil component produces change.

Preferably, the material of described first friction member and the second friction member is insulating material, conductor material Or semi-conducting material;

Described insulating material is selected from methylsiloxane, polyimides, polyethylene, polypropylene, poly-isobutyl Alkene, polrvinyl chloride, politef, polystyrene, polyvinyl alcohol, CPPG, polyester, polyurethane, The superposition of one or more in polyvinyl butyral resin, polyacrylonitrile, poly bis phenol carbonate.

Preferably, the material of described first friction member or the second friction member is conductor material, with conductor material The electrode that material contact is arranged omits.

Preferably, described coil component is planar coil.

Preferably, the number of turn of described coil component is more than 2000 circles.

Preferably, also include that the first substrate, described first electrical generation components are arranged in described first substrate;

And/or, also include that the second substrate, described second electrical generation components are arranged in described second substrate.

Preferably, described magnet component and the first electrical generation components are arranged on the same side of described first substrate; Or, described magnet component and the first electrical generation components are separately positioned on the not homonymy of described first substrate;

Described coil component and the second electrical generation components are arranged on the same side of described second substrate;Or, institute State coil component and the second electrical generation components is separately positioned on the not homonymy of described second substrate.

Preferably, connected by elastomeric element between described first electrical generation components and the second electrical generation components.

Preferably, described elastomeric element is spring, and length is more than 30mm.

Preferably, described first friction member, the first electrode and magnet component are laminate structure;

Second friction member, the second electrode and coil component are laminate structure.

Preferably, in the surface that described first friction member and the second friction member contact with each other, at least one table Face includes micro-nano structure;

Described micro-nano structure is nano wire, nanometer rods, nanotube, nano-particle, nanometer channel, micron Groove, nanocone, micron cone, nanosphere or micron chondritic, and the array that said structure is formed.

Preferably, described magnet component and coil component are at described first electrical generation components and the second electrical generation components The projected area on surface slided over each other is suitable.

Preferably, described magnet component includes multiple Magnet;And/or, described coil component includes multiple line Circle.

Preferably, multiple described magnet size are identical, and at described first electrical generation components relative to second Arrange the most at equal intervals on the direction that electrical generation components slides;

And/or, multiple described coil dimensions are identical, sliding relative to the second electrical generation components at the first electrical generation components Arrange at equal intervals on dynamic direction.

Preferably, the interval of described Magnet and the interval of coil are equal.

Compared with prior art, the method have the advantages that

1, the composite nano generator of the present invention, on the basis of existing slidingtype friction generator, will The magnetic field components of electromagnetic induction electrification component is separately positioned on two and can relative slide with coil component On electrical generation components, in two mutual sliding processes of electrical generation components of triboelectricity assembly, drive magnetic simultaneously Field parts and coil component relative motion.Therefore, the first electrical generation components and the once phase of the second electrical generation components To motion, triboelectricity assembly can be made to produce the signal of telecommunication, meanwhile, coil portion under friction effect effect Part also exports the signal of telecommunication under electromagnetic induction effect effect.Composite nano generator is passed through in one-off Different effect gathers multiple different energy, then makes it work in coordination with as externally fed by certain way, permissible Reach effect of complementary enhancing, thus more effectively provide the energy for the external world.

2, the first friction member in triboelectricity assembly, the first electrode, the second friction member, the second electrode Material to be existing material, magnet component and coil component be common components, and cheap, The composite nano generator simple in construction of the present invention, preparation method is simple, and material is easily obtained, and ties Structure is cheap, is conducive to application in terms of utilizing mechanical energy for electric energy.

Accompanying drawing explanation

Shown in accompanying drawing, above and other purpose, feature and the advantage of the present invention will become apparent from.? The part that all identical in accompanying drawing reference instruction is identical.The most deliberately contract by actual size equal proportion Put drafting accompanying drawing, it is preferred that emphasis is demonstrate the purport of the present invention.Although comprising spy it addition, can provide herein The demonstration of the parameter of definite value, but parameter is worth equal to corresponding without definite, but can be in acceptable error It is similar in tolerance limit or design constraint be worth accordingly.Additionally, the direction term mentioned in following example, Such as " on ", D score, "front", "rear", "left", "right" etc., be only the direction with reference to accompanying drawing.Therefore, The direction term used is used to illustrate not for limiting the present invention.

Fig. 1 and Fig. 2 is the structural representation of slidingtype composite nano generator;

Fig. 3 is the electric generator structure schematic diagram that spring movable part connecting part and fixed component realize slip;

Fig. 4 is the electric generator structure signal that magnet component and coil component include multiple Magnet and coil Figure;

Fig. 5 and Fig. 6 is triboelectricity assembly and the electromagnetic induction generating set of a respectively concrete electromotor The output electric signal measurement result of part.

Detailed description of the invention

Below in conjunction with the accompanying drawing in the embodiment of the present invention, the technical scheme in the embodiment of the present invention is carried out Clearly and completely describe.Obviously, described embodiment is only a part of embodiment of the present invention, and not It it is whole embodiments.Based on the embodiment in the present invention, those of ordinary skill in the art are not making The every other embodiment obtained under creative work premise, broadly falls into the scope of protection of the invention.

Secondly, the present invention combines schematic diagram and is described in detail, when describing the embodiment of the present invention in detail, for just In explanation, described schematic diagram is example, and it should not limit the scope of protection of the invention at this.

The composite generator typical structure of the present invention sees Fig. 1, including triboelectricity assembly and electromagnetic induction Electrification component, wherein, described triboelectricity assembly includes: the first electrical generation components 1 and the second electrical generation components 2, wherein, the first electrical generation components 1 includes that the first friction member 11 and contacting with the first friction member 11 sets The first electrode 12 put, the second electrical generation components 2 include the second friction member 21 and with the second friction member 21 The second electrode 22 that contact is arranged;Under the effect of external force F, the first electrical generation components 1 and the second Power Generation Section Part 2 can slide over each other, and makes the first friction member 11 and the second friction member 21 surface slide over each other friction, There is receiving and losing electrons difference of ability in the surfacing that the first friction member 11 contacts with the second friction member 21.Electricity Magnetic induction electrification component includes: magnet component 31 and coil component 32, and wherein, magnet component 31 is with One electrical generation components 1 moves (can be arranged on the first electrical generation components 1), and coil component 32 is with second Electricity parts 2 move (can be arranged on the second electrical generation components 2);At the first electrical generation components 1 and second When electrical generation components 2 slides over each other, magnet component 31 and coil component 32 is driven to produce relative motion, Coil component 32 produces faradic current.In the present embodiment, magnet component 31 is fixedly installed on the first electricity On pole 12, coil component 32 is fixedly installed on the second electrode 22.

Owing to the first friction member 11 and the second friction member 21 material exist receiving and losing electrons difference of ability, according to Friction effect, by the electric charge different at two surface aggregations contacted with each other, when at triboelectricity assembly When first electrical generation components 1 or the second electrical generation components 2 apply external force F, the first friction member 11 and second Friction member 21 slides over each other friction, contacts with each other area and changes, and makes positive and negative charge separate, As shown in fig. 1, between the first electrode 12 and the second electrode 22, form electric potential difference, so the most defeated Go out the signal of telecommunication.On the other hand, when two electrical generation components of triboelectricity assembly slide over each other, drive magnetic Ferrum parts 31 and coil component 32 relative motion, make the magnetic flux change through coil component 32, root According to galvanomagnetic-effect, the change of magnetic flux will produce induced electromotive force in coil component, so realize right The outer output signal of telecommunication.As long as applying external force F on triboelectricity assembly, make the first friction member 11 and second Friction member 21 surface reciprocating sliding friction, will be the most defeated between the first electrode 12 and the second electrode 22 Go out ac signal;Accordingly, coil component 32 produces the signal of telecommunication of inducting.The slip of the present invention Formula composite nano generator, can be changed into the signal of telecommunication by a mechanical external force by triboelectricity assembly At the same time it can also be produce the signal of telecommunication of electromagnetic induction in coil component simultaneously, namely one-time mechanical fortune Two signals of telecommunication outputs of dynamic generation simultaneously, such design further increases energy conversion efficiency.

Realizing mutually slides between the first electrical generation components 1 and the second electrical generation components 2 can various ways, Such as the first electrical generation components 1 is fixed, the second electrical generation components 2 is arranged on reciprocating equipment, Two electrical generation components 1 and 2 can also be separately positioned on two reciprocating miscellaneous parts;Or Other frame for movement connection that two electrical generation components slide over each other, concrete connection can be realized by other Mode can determine according to practical service environment, not as limiting the scope of the present invention.

Slidingtype composite nano generator can also include the first substrate 41 and the second substrate 42, sees figure 2, the first electrical generation components 1 is arranged in the first substrate 41, and the second electrical generation components 2 is arranged on the second substrate On 42, act in the first substrate or the second substrate in external force F, make two of two electrical generation components Friction member surface slides over each other.Magnet component 31 is arranged in the first substrate 41, and coil component 32 sets Put in the second substrate 42, i.e. magnet component 31 and the first electrical generation components (the i.e. first friction member 11 and First electrode 12) at the opposite sides (upper and lower surface) of the first substrate 41, coil component 32 and second Electrical generation components (i.e. second friction member 21 and the second electrode 22) the second substrate 42 opposite sides (on Lower surface).

In other embodiments, it is also possible to magnet component 31 is fixedly installed on the first electrode 12, One substrate 41 is arranged on magnet component 31;Coil component 32 is fixedly installed on the second electrode 22, Second substrate 42 is arranged on coil component 32.Magnet component 31 and the first electrical generation components (i.e. first Friction member 11 and the first electrode 12) in the same side of the first substrate 42, coil component 32 and second Electricity parts (i.e. second friction member 21 and the second electrode 22) is in the same side of the second substrate 43.

First substrate 41 and the second substrate 42 can be flexible material or hard material, such as, can be The material such as glass or acrylic.

Seeing Fig. 1, the first friction member 11 and the second friction member 21 can be laminate structure.Accordingly, First electrode 12 and the second electrode 22 can also be laminate structure.Preferably, the first friction member, first Electrode and magnet component are laminate structure, are cascading;Second friction member, the second electrode, Two cushions and coil component are laminate structure, are cascading.

Magnet component 31 in the present invention can be the Magnet such as neodymium iron boron, aluminum nickel cobalt, SmCo, ferrite, Preferably ndfeb magnet, coil component 31 preferred planar coil.Preferably, the number of turn of coil component is big In 2000 circles.

In Fig. 2, magnet component 31 is fixedly installed on the first electrode 12, and the first substrate 41 is arranged on On magnet component 31;Coil component 32 is fixedly installed on the second electrode 22, and the second substrate 43 is arranged On coil component 32.Magnet component 31 and the first electrical generation components (the i.e. first friction member 11 and first Electrode 12) in the same side of the first substrate 42, (i.e. second rubs for coil component 32 and the second electrical generation components Wipe part 21 and the second electrode 22) in the same side of the second substrate 43.

In other embodiments, magnet component 31 can be arranged on the first substrate 42 with the first electrical generation components Not homonymy, coil component 32 can also be arranged on the not homonymy of the second substrate 43 with the second electrical generation components, Seeing Fig. 4, magnet component 31 is arranged on the upper surface of the first substrate 42, the first friction member 11 and first Electrode 12 is arranged on the lower surface of the first substrate 42;Coil component 32 is arranged on the second substrate 43 times Surface, the second friction member 21 and the second electrode 22 are arranged on the upper surface of the second substrate 43.

First substrate 41 and the second substrate 42 can be tabular or tube-in-tube structure, it is also possible to for mutually Other shapes coordinated, such as a pair cylindricality worked in coordination shown in Fig. 3 and groove, the first substrate 41 is cylindricality, the groove structure that the second substrate 42 connects for bottom, the bottom and first of the second substrate 42 The bottom of substrate 41 is connected by spring members 43, and the first electrical generation components 1 and magnet component 31 are arranged Forming movable member in the cylindrical lateral surface of the first substrate 41, the second electrical generation components 2 is arranged on the second base On the medial wall at the end 42, coil component 32 is arranged on the lateral wall of the second substrate 42 formation fixed part Part.Preferably, magnet component 31 is fixed on the lower end of the first substrate (movable member), coil component 32 upper ends being fixed on the second substrate (fixed component), make Magnet corresponding with coil good, to obtain maximum Magnetoelectricity signal.First electrode 12 connects wire by contact B, and the second electrode 22 passes through contact A Connecting wire, outfan C and D of coil component is test contact.When External Force Acting is in the first substrate During 41 (or first electrical generation components 1) upper applying pressure, spring is by forced compression, on the one hand, according to Friction effect, owing to the coefficient of friction of two layers of material is different, will produce different on two friction member surfaces Electric charge, and then externally export the signal of telecommunication via outside output circuit between contact A and B;The opposing party Face, according to magnetoelectric effect, the magnetic flux through coil component 32 can change, and then at coil portion Two outfan C and D of part produce potential difference, it is achieved externally export.As long as to movable member intermittent Apply pressure so that it is constantly shake up and down, will between contact A and B, outfan C and D it Between continue externally to export the signal of telecommunication.

Preferably, the deformable scope of elastomeric element 43 is more than 30cm.

In triboelectricity assembly, the material on the surface that the first friction member 11 and the second friction member 21 contact with each other There is receiving and losing electrons difference of ability in material, can be quasiconductor, conductor and insulating material.Preferably, institute Stating insulant is insulating material of polymer, can be selected from methylsiloxane, polyimides, polyethylene, Polypropylene, polyisobutylene, polrvinyl chloride, politef, polystyrene, polyvinyl alcohol, CPPG, One or several in polyester, polyurethane, polyvinyl butyral resin, polyacrylonitrile, poly bis phenol carbonate The superposition planted.

Preferably, in the surface that the first friction member 11 and the second friction member 21 contact with each other, at least one Surface includes micro-nano micro-nano structure, and described micro-nano structure can be nano wire, nanometer rods, nanotube, nanometer Granule, nanometer channel, micron trenches, nanocone, micron cone, nanosphere and micron chondritic, with And the array that said structure is formed.Preferably, described nano wire, nanometer rods, nanotube, nanometer channel, The structures such as micron trenches, nanocone, micron cone can be made by the method for silicon template or etching.

One in first friction member 11 and the second friction member 21 can be insulant, and another is for leading Body material or semi-conducting material.When first friction member 11 or the second friction member 21 are conductor material, with The electrode of friction member contact can omit.Seeing Fig. 3, the second friction member 21 is conductor material, can save Slightly the second electrode, is functioned simultaneously as the second electrode by the second friction member 21.

First electrode 12 and the second electrode 22 can use arbitrary conductor material, preferably metal material, The alloy of the described metal material a kind of or above-mentioned metal formation in gold, platinum, copper, aluminum, the silver. First electrode 12 and the second electrode 22 can be made by magnetron sputtering, evaporation and printing technology, But during in order to assemble, technique is simple, with low cost, it is also possible to directly to select foil, as Al, Cu paper tinsel etc..

Magnet component 31 to match with the size of coil component 32 so that coil component is more effectively cut Cut magnetic induction line, the electric current that output is maximum.Preferably magnet component 31 and coil component 32 are in the first generating The projected area on surface that parts and the second electrical generation components slide over each other is suitable.

Seeing Fig. 4, in other embodiments of the invention, magnet component can include multiple Magnet 301, Multiple Magnet 301 settings spaced a certain distance, multiple Magnet 301 can identical can also differ. Same, coil component can also include multiple coil 302, and multiple coils 302 are apart from one another by a spacing Can identical can also differ from setting, the size of coil 302 and the number of turn, two of multiple coils defeated Go out end can connect in parallel or in series.The electromotor of this spline structure, passes through a mechanical external force While triboelectricity assembly is changed into the signal of telecommunication, it is also possible to produce multiple electromagnetism in coil component simultaneously The signal of telecommunication of sensing, namely one-time mechanical motion produces the output of multiple signal of telecommunication, such design simultaneously Further increase energy conversion efficiency.

Multiple Magnet 301 are equivalently-sized, and slide relative to the second electrical generation components at the first electrical generation components Direction on arrange at equal intervals, multiple coils 302 are equivalently-sized, and the first electrical generation components relative to Arrange at equal intervals on the direction that second electrical generation components slides, further, the interval of Magnet and the interval of coil It is set to equal, when the first electrical generation components and the second electrical generation components slide over each other, multiple Magnet can occur With multiple coils moment one to one, as shown in Figure 4.The signal of telecommunication cycle one of coil 302 output Cause, peak value unification;If Magnet differs with size and the spacing of coil, the signal of telecommunication of output in coil Cycle and peak value inconsistent.

Below as a example by a concrete electromotor, the work process of the electromotor that the present invention provides is described.

Cut a long 60mm × wide 17mm × thickness 5mm (circular hole of two a diameter of 10mm and two Individual 50mm*3mm oblong aperture) and the acrylic board of long 60mm × wide 17mm × thickness 3mm, and They have been pasted the base being used as device.Cut a block length 50mm × wide 50mm × thickness 3mm again Acrylic board is also fixed on after being stained with Al metal level on base in oblong aperture.It is respectively cut a block length 50 again Mm × wide 50mm × thickness 3mm (with the hole of an a diameter of 25mm) and a block length 50mm × wide The acrylic board of 50mm × thickness 0.6mm, is sticked up blend compounds band fixed coil in hole, and Opposite side is fixed in the oblong aperture on base after pasting one layer of Al metal level, is formed and sets in the second substrate Put the fixed structure (see Fig. 3) of electrode (friction member).Cut two block length 45mm × wide 17mm × thickness again The acrylic board of 3mm is bonded between two pieces of relative acrylic boards and fixes this two pieces of acrylic boards.Again The circular hole that the spring of two root lengths 30mm is fixed on base.It is respectively cut a block length 50mm × wide again 50mm × thickness 5mm (with the circular hole of an a diameter of 35mm) and two block length 50mm × wide 50mm × The acrylic board of thick 3mm, is fixed on holes by the Magnet of a block length 35mm × wide 35mm × thickness 5mm Acrylic board on, and be encapsulated with other two pieces of acrylic boards, paste in outside the most respectively Upper Al metal level (as electrode) and PTFE frictional layer (as friction member), and place it in and be bonded at In the groove that on base, four pieces of acrylic boards are formed, when it is by certain pressure, spring stress compresses, It is the frictional layer generation sliding friction of both sides, and the coil being encapsulated between acrylic board can cutting magnetic induction Line, thus produce franklinic electricity signal and magnetoelectricity signal.

The output performance of the slidingtype composite nano generator of above-mentioned preparation is tested.For friction Electrification component, SR570 and Keithely using Stanford Research System to produce respectively produces 6514 metering contact A and B between electric current output and voltage export, result is respectively such as (a) in Fig. 5 With 5 (b) in figure Suo Shi, output electric current is 10-12 microampere, and output voltage is 50-60 volt.For electromagnetism Sensing electrification component, uses the 6514 of Keithely production to measure the electric current between outfan C and D respectively Exporting with voltage, result is respectively as shown in (b) in (a) in Fig. 6 and Fig. 6, and wherein output electric current is about 2.2 milliamperes, output voltage is about 3 volts.

The above, be only presently preferred embodiments of the present invention, not the present invention is made any in form Restriction.Any those of ordinary skill in the art, without departing under technical solution of the present invention ambit, Technical solution of the present invention is made many possible changes by the method and the technology contents that all may utilize the disclosure above Move and modify, or be revised as the Equivalent embodiments of equivalent variations.Therefore, every without departing from the technology of the present invention The content of scheme, according to the present invention technical spirit to any simple modification made for any of the above embodiments, etc. With change and modification, all still fall within the range of technical solution of the present invention protection.

Claims (15)

1. a slidingtype composite nano generator, it is characterised in that including: triboelectricity assembly and Electromagnetic induction electrification component, wherein,
Described triboelectricity assembly includes: the first electrical generation components and the second electrical generation components, wherein, and first Electricity parts include the first friction member and contact the first electrode arranged, the second Power Generation Section with the first friction member Part includes the second friction member and contacts the second electrode arranged with the second friction member;
Electromagnetic induction electrification component includes: magnet component and coil component, and described magnet component is with described One electrical generation components motion, described coil component is with described second electrical generation components motion;
Under external force, described first electrical generation components and the second electrical generation components can slide over each other, and make institute Stating the first friction member and the second friction member surface sliding friction, described first friction member and the second friction member connect There is receiving and losing electrons difference of ability in the surfacing touched;At described first electrical generation components and the second electrical generation components Under drive, described magnet component magnetic flux in described coil component produces change.
Electromotor the most according to claim 1, it is characterised in that described first friction member and The material of two friction members is insulating material, conductor material or semi-conducting material;
Described insulating material is selected from methylsiloxane, polyimides, polyethylene, polypropylene, poly-isobutyl Alkene, polrvinyl chloride, politef, polystyrene, polyvinyl alcohol, CPPG, polyester, polyurethane, The superposition of one or more in polyvinyl butyral resin, polyacrylonitrile, poly bis phenol carbonate.
Electromotor the most according to claim 2, it is characterised in that described first friction member or The material of the second friction member is conductor material, and the electrode arranged with conductor material omits.
4. according to the electromotor described in any one of claim 1-3, it is characterised in that described coil portion Part is planar coil.
Electromotor the most according to claim 4, it is characterised in that the number of turn of described coil component More than 2000 circles.
6. according to the electromotor described in any one of claim 1-5, it is characterised in that also include first Substrate, described first electrical generation components is arranged in described first substrate;
And/or, also include that the second substrate, described second electrical generation components are arranged in described second substrate.
Electromotor the most according to claim 6, it is characterised in that described magnet component and first Electrical generation components is arranged on the same side of described first substrate;Or, described magnet component and the first Power Generation Section Part is separately positioned on the not homonymy of described first substrate;
Described coil component and the second electrical generation components are arranged on the same side of described second substrate;Or, institute State coil component and the second electrical generation components is separately positioned on the not homonymy of described second substrate.
8. according to the electromotor described in any one of claim 1-7, it is characterised in that described first Connected by elastomeric element between electricity parts and the second electrical generation components.
Electromotor the most according to claim 8, it is characterised in that described elastomeric element is spring, Length is more than 30mm.
10. according to the electromotor described in any one of claim 1-9, it is characterised in that described first rubs Wipe part, the first electrode and magnet component and be laminate structure;
Second friction member, the second electrode and coil component are laminate structure.
11. according to the electromotor described in any one of claim 1-10, it is characterised in that described first In the surface that friction member and the second friction member contact with each other, at least one surface includes micro-nano structure;
Described micro-nano structure is nano wire, nanometer rods, nanotube, nano-particle, nanometer channel, micron Groove, nanocone, micron cone, nanosphere or micron chondritic, and the array that said structure is formed.
12. according to the electromotor described in any one of claim 1-11, it is characterised in that described Magnet Parts and coil component are on the surface that described first electrical generation components and the second electrical generation components slide over each other Projected area is suitable.
13. according to the electromotor described in any one of claim 1-12, it is characterised in that described Magnet Parts include multiple Magnet;And/or, described coil component includes multiple coil.
14. electromotors according to claim 13, it is characterised in that multiple described magnet size Identical, and on the direction that described first electrical generation components slides relative to the second electrical generation components at equal intervals etc. Interval is arranged;
And/or, multiple described coil dimensions are identical, at the first electrical generation components relative to the second electrical generation components Arrange at equal intervals on the direction slided.
15. electromotors according to claim 14, it is characterised in that the interval of described Magnet with The interval of coil is equal.
CN201510219004.3A 2015-04-30 2015-04-30 A kind of slidingtype composite nano generator CN106208800A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201510219004.3A CN106208800A (en) 2015-04-30 2015-04-30 A kind of slidingtype composite nano generator

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201510219004.3A CN106208800A (en) 2015-04-30 2015-04-30 A kind of slidingtype composite nano generator

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN106208800A true CN106208800A (en) 2016-12-07

Family

ID=57458565

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201510219004.3A CN106208800A (en) 2015-04-30 2015-04-30 A kind of slidingtype composite nano generator

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN106208800A (en)

Cited By (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106876240A (en) * 2017-02-27 2017-06-20 北京纳米能源与系统研究所 A kind of ion source device, produce ion pulse method, using and mass spectrograph
CN107061586A (en) * 2017-05-09 2017-08-18 河南大学 Self-powered shock-proof spring based on the electric nano generator of friction
CN108429428A (en) * 2018-03-08 2018-08-21 北京大学 The multi-direction vibration energy collector of electromagnet-friction combined type and its manufacturing method
CN108471219A (en) * 2018-04-08 2018-08-31 西北工业大学 The contactless wearable electromagnetism of one kind-friction mixing nanometer generating device and preparation method
CN108683357A (en) * 2018-06-14 2018-10-19 东华大学 A kind of friction electromagnetism hybrid generator of piston like motion and preparation method thereof
CN109514277A (en) * 2018-12-13 2019-03-26 山东大学 A kind of compound texture guide rail of micro-nano and preparation method thereof

Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
DE4028313A1 (en) * 1990-09-06 1992-03-12 Hans Josef Werding Frictional contact electricity generation - has magnetic surfaces so that with reciprocating movement, voltage is produced and in immediate coil current flows
CN103354429A (en) * 2013-03-12 2013-10-16 国家纳米科学中心 Sliding friction nano generator and power generation method
CN103368453A (en) * 2013-03-12 2013-10-23 国家纳米科学中心 Nanometer electric generator utilizing sliding friction and electricity generating method
CN103546058A (en) * 2013-10-28 2014-01-29 北京大学 Composite type electric generator based on electromagnetism and friction principle
CN104426419A (en) * 2013-09-05 2015-03-18 纳米新能源(唐山)有限责任公司 Friction power generating and electromagnetic power generating hybrid power generating system

Patent Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
DE4028313A1 (en) * 1990-09-06 1992-03-12 Hans Josef Werding Frictional contact electricity generation - has magnetic surfaces so that with reciprocating movement, voltage is produced and in immediate coil current flows
CN103354429A (en) * 2013-03-12 2013-10-16 国家纳米科学中心 Sliding friction nano generator and power generation method
CN103368453A (en) * 2013-03-12 2013-10-23 国家纳米科学中心 Nanometer electric generator utilizing sliding friction and electricity generating method
CN104426419A (en) * 2013-09-05 2015-03-18 纳米新能源(唐山)有限责任公司 Friction power generating and electromagnetic power generating hybrid power generating system
CN103546058A (en) * 2013-10-28 2014-01-29 北京大学 Composite type electric generator based on electromagnetism and friction principle

Cited By (10)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106876240A (en) * 2017-02-27 2017-06-20 北京纳米能源与系统研究所 A kind of ion source device, produce ion pulse method, using and mass spectrograph
CN106876240B (en) * 2017-02-27 2018-11-02 北京纳米能源与系统研究所 A kind of ion source device, method, application and the mass spectrograph for generating ion pulse
CN107061586A (en) * 2017-05-09 2017-08-18 河南大学 Self-powered shock-proof spring based on the electric nano generator of friction
CN108429428A (en) * 2018-03-08 2018-08-21 北京大学 The multi-direction vibration energy collector of electromagnet-friction combined type and its manufacturing method
CN108429428B (en) * 2018-03-08 2019-12-10 北京大学 Electromagnetic friction composite type multidirectional vibration energy collector and manufacturing method thereof
CN108471219B (en) * 2018-04-08 2019-11-05 西北工业大学 The contactless wearable electromagnetism of one kind-friction mixing nanometer generating device and preparation method
CN108471219A (en) * 2018-04-08 2018-08-31 西北工业大学 The contactless wearable electromagnetism of one kind-friction mixing nanometer generating device and preparation method
CN108683357A (en) * 2018-06-14 2018-10-19 东华大学 A kind of friction electromagnetism hybrid generator of piston like motion and preparation method thereof
CN108683357B (en) * 2018-06-14 2019-07-23 东华大学 A kind of friction electromagnetism hybrid generator of piston like motion and preparation method thereof
CN109514277A (en) * 2018-12-13 2019-03-26 山东大学 A kind of compound texture guide rail of micro-nano and preparation method thereof

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
Wang et al. Flexible coaxial-type fiber supercapacitor based on NiCo2O4 nanosheets electrodes
Wang et al. Triboelectric nanogenerator based on fully enclosed rolling spherical structure for harvesting low‐frequency water wave energy
US9843275B2 (en) Cylindrical and spherical triboelectric generators
Huang et al. Hybrid composite Ni (OH) 2@ NiCo2O4 grown on carbon fiber paper for high-performance supercapacitors
Lin et al. Robust triboelectric nanogenerator based on rolling electrification and electrostatic induction at an instantaneous energy conversion efficiency of∼ 55%
Wang Triboelectric nanogenerators as new energy technology for self-powered systems and as active mechanical and chemical sensors
Zi et al. Harvesting low-frequency (< 5 Hz) irregular mechanical energy: a possible killer application of triboelectric nanogenerator
Yu et al. Omnidirectionally stretchable high-performance supercapacitor based on isotropic buckled carbon nanotube films
Wang et al. NiCo 2 O 4 nanowire arrays supported on Ni foam for high-performance flexible all-solid-state supercapacitors
Wang et al. Freestanding triboelectric‐layer‐based nanogenerators for harvesting energy from a moving object or human motion in contact and non‐contact modes
Su et al. Hybrid triboelectric nanogenerator for harvesting water wave energy and as a self-powered distress signal emitter
Lin et al. Noncontact free-rotating disk triboelectric nanogenerator as a sustainable energy harvester and self-powered mechanical sensor
Wang et al. Toward the blue energy dream by triboelectric nanogenerator networks
US9985554B2 (en) Triboelectric nanogenerator
Xu et al. Stretchable batteries with self-similar serpentine interconnects and integrated wireless recharging systems
CN102684546B (en) Friction generator
CN102749158B (en) Self-powered pressure sensor
Xu et al. Coupled triboelectric nanogenerator networks for efficient water wave energy harvesting
Xu et al. Integrated triboelectric nanogenerator array based on air-driven membrane structures for water wave energy harvesting
Jiang et al. Spring-assisted triboelectric nanogenerator for efficiently harvesting water wave energy
Bai et al. Integrated multilayered triboelectric nanogenerator for harvesting biomechanical energy from human motions
Kim et al. Body‐attachable and stretchable multisensors integrated with wirelessly rechargeable energy storage devices
Wang et al. Fully packaged blue energy harvester by hybridizing a rolling triboelectric nanogenerator and an electromagnetic generator
CN202856656U (en) Friction generator and friction generator unit
CN103684035B (en) Multilayer high power nano friction generator

Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
C06 Publication
PB01 Publication
C10 Entry into substantive examination
SE01 Entry into force of request for substantive examination